Pain in the ankle when walking

Why does the ankle pain appear: a list of the diseases that cause them, their symptoms and treatment methods.

Ankle joint is a complex combination of the talus of the foot with the shin. The joint bones are covered with an elastic and durable cartilage, and the cavity is filled with synovial fluid, which reduces friction, softens shocks and ensures the transfer of nutrients. On all sides there are strong ligaments that exert a strengthening effect.

The task of the joint is to provide flexion of the plantar and dorsal parts of the foot. It should be noted that he does not take part in the processes of lateral inclinations and rotation. That is why most of the injuries and pains in the ankle arises from violent lateral movements.

Stretching and tearing of the ligaments in the ankle: symptoms and treatment
Deforming osteoarthritis of the joint
Arthritis
Achillis( Achilles tendon inflammation) + useful video

why there is pain in the ankle

Types of diseases of this joint

As a rule, the ankle is well treated, with the exception of some cases of strongdestruction of joint tissues. It is very important not only to relieve the pain and inflammation, but also pay attention to the circulation in it.

In the process of restoring the limb, it is also necessary to provide nutrition and proper muscle function.

Tension of ligaments

Stretching of ligaments in the ankle is one of the most common injuries. In this case, most of the entire body weight of a man during running or walking acts on the ankle. Therefore, one awkward movement leads to stretching. Its extreme degree is the rupture of ligaments.

Symptoms of

sprain of ankle joints

sprain of ankle joint

Currently, many people know the symptoms of this pathological condition.

Modern medicine distinguishes three degrees:

1. Easy degree. In this case, ligament damage is limited to a slight rupture, which is accompanied by a minor pain in the ankle joint during the walking process. In some cases, the victim will see redness on the skin.

2. The average degree. In this case, there is a partial rupture of the ankle joints and is accompanied by severe pain. Thus the patient always experiences difficulties in the course of movement. In some cases, he can not walk at all. As a rule, the average degree of buildup of functions and the structure of the limb requires more drastic measures, which are aimed at treating the stretching of the ankle.

3. Extreme. In this case, the ankle ligament ruptures. In this case, the person experiences severe pain, and the skin turns red. At the same time, his joint significantly increases in size. This is due to inflammation and swelling of soft tissues. Movement at the extreme is impossible.

Treatment of

Treatment of stretching should be done only by a doctor

should only be performed by a doctor

Treatment of ankle sprain directly depends on the degree of damage. With an easy degree, you just need to ensure the peace of the injured limb, lifting your leg. In this case, a cooling bandage should be applied to the injury site. With an average degree of the above measures is not enough. It is necessary to purchase an orthosis for the ankle and wear it for at least 10 days. Thus it is necessary to pass or take place course LPK.By the time the recovery takes at least a month.

At extreme degree, that is, if the ankle ligament is broken, the doctor will forbid the victim to make any movements. In this case, a plaster bandage is applied for two weeks. After the bandage is changed in such a way that the patient has the opportunity to begin rehabilitation procedures.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the ankle is an inflammatory, degenerative process that originates from the articular cartilage and ends with deformation and destruction of the joint tissues.

Symptoms of

Osteoarthritis is accompanied by pain in the ankle

1. Deformity of the ankle joint. It can be noticeable either on the roentgenogram, or visually. This process can always be slowed down or completely prevented if a problem is detected at an early stage.

2. Pain in the ankle. It can intensify during movement or during sleep.

3. Morning swelling and stiffness. Symptoms occur with inflammation in the joint.

4. Noise, clicks, crunching, friction and impaired mobility in the joints.

Treatment of

The treatment of ankle is the local effect on the damaged joint and the whole body. When restoring the limb, inflammation in the cartilaginous tissue can not be tolerated. The task of the doctors is to remove the pain and improve the motor functions.

In the process of treatment, the victim needs to take medications that improve blood circulation, as well as anti-inflammatory and painkillers from the NSAID group. In addition, various chondroprotective drugs are included in the treatment regimen, including Arthra, Rumalon, Structum, Chondrogard, Alflutop in the form of injections and other medications from this group( a detailed list of chondroprotectors can be seen in this article).

Also in the treatment of deforming arthrosis of the ankle joint, various gels and ointments that reduce pain in the joints, including, for example, the so-called horse gel( gel horsepower), are useful.

Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of the ankle that occurs directly in the inner shell of the joint.

Symptoms of

arthritis is an inflammation of the joint Symptoms of arthritis of the ankle may include stiffness of movements, redness on the skin, pain, swelling, a rise in the temperature of soft tissues, as well as effusion of synovial fluid or exudate into the cavity with a significant increase in its size.

In some cases, there may be signs of fever, weakness and general intoxication of the body. In the analysis - an increased number of leukocytes.

Treatment of

Treatment of arthritis involves identifying the causes of the disease and reducing their level of exposure. So, for local treatment of joints, doctors of rheumatology and arthrology apply physiotherapy procedures, general treatment for inflammation and make intraarticular injections.

Achillite

Achilles tendonitis

Achilles tendon inflammation begins with pain in this area

Achillis ankle involves damage and inflammation of the Achilles tendon.

As a rule, the disease occurs with increased loads on the Achilles tendon in people involved in sports, as well as shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle.

Symptoms of

As a rule, the precursors of this disease is the inflammation of the sites of connections of the calcaneus and Achilles tendon. The process is accompanied by severe pain in the ankle during the movement process and discomfort.

Treatment of

Achilles are treated with shockwave therapy. In addition, compresses with medical bile can be used. On sale there are special ointments and gels that relieve inflammation and promote rapid healing.

Remember that when you have pain in the ankle, do not self-medicate. You should immediately seek help from a doctor.

ArtrozamNet.ru

Ankle pain: causes, treatment - Diseases and diseases of the ankle

What is ankle ligament damage? Symptoms of ligament injury( stretching).How to treat ligament damage? First aid for ankle injury.

Pain in the ankle

If you have pain in the ankle, it is a signal of the appearance of diseases. Pain can be a sign of the occurrence of destructive diseases of bone, cartilaginous or tendon tissue. Identify the exact cause of the disease will help x-ray or tomography. Since otherwise the treatment can be harmful. If the first symptoms appear, consult a specialist immediately. To relieve pain, you can make a tight bandage. Also, if possible, it is best to leave the limb at rest until an accurate diagnosis is made.

Causes of pain in the ankle

One of the causes of pain in the joint may be sprain. Very often, stretching occurs with small tendon ruptures and tissue traumas. If the cause of the pain is precisely this, then it occurs immediately after a dislocation, stroke or other injury caused on the foot. Stretching of ligaments is a very frequent ailment in winter, as ice on roads accompanies trauma. Athletes who are engaged in weightlifting or mobile exercises are often subject to such injuries.

Another cause of such ankle pain is the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue in the sacral or lumbar spine. With such a disease, there is a constant pain in the ankle joint.

Why does the ankle hurts when walking?

If during walking you have pain or discomfort, but when you rest, these sensations are absent, then the reason may be several circumstances. First you need to check if you have a heel spur and exclude this option. This disease, in which there is a proliferation of bone tissue, which is accompanied by inflammation and pain. It can occur because of improper eating or wearing poor-quality and uncomfortable shoes.

Flat feet and clubfoot have the same bad effect on the body. If the reason is, then the pain will be sharp and sharp, as soft tissues are injured. In this case, purulent arthritis can occur.

Sprain of the ligamentous apparatus is another cause of pain in the ankle joint. It occurs due to impact, fall or dislocation. In this case, you should immediately contact a traumatologist in order to exclude a crack, fracture, and rupture of muscle fibers.

The page provides useful information on possible diseases associated with pain in the ankle. There is a detailed description of each ankle disease. What can be caused by pain in the ankle joint?

ortomed.info| |Disease of joints

Why can an ankle hurt?

Painful sensations in the ankle when walking or resting may symbolize the diseases of cartilage or tendon tissue, bones that lead to deformities. Pain syndrome can be manifested by infringement of the sciatic nerve, sprain, osteoarthritis, lumbosacral osteochondrosis.

In many cases, sprain, microscopic tendon rupture, and muscle tissue trauma lead to pain. However, in this situation, the pain syndrome manifests itself suddenly after having twisted the leg or stumbled. It should be noted that these injuries most often occur in the winter, when ice is formed on the sidewalks. The risk group includes people who play sports.

Another cause of pain is the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue, which can develop in the lumbar or sacral spine. In this case the pain is not isolated, since it extends to the entire shin, the external and internal surface of the thigh. The nature of the sensations can be shooting or stabbing.

To clarify the diagnosis, it is important to contact an experienced physician who will prescribe a radiographic or tomographic study, after which he will say the verdict and determine the most effective treatment. In this regard, if you are beginning to worry about an ankle pain, consult your doctor. Before visiting a physician you can impose a tight bandage on the leg, which will eliminate the risk of concomitant injury.

Why can the ankle hurt while walking?

Do you complain of pain while walking? Do you notice that unpleasant feelings are taking place in a calm environment? In this case, the cause of the symptom can be sought in several directions and be sure that only the doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis.

The reason for the pain syndrome may be heel spur, which is a proliferation of bone tissue and an inflammatory process that develops in the lower heel bone.

Osteophyto can develop with malnutrition, wearing uncomfortable shoes or against the background of degenerative processes affecting the ankle joint. It is important to note that a significant role in the pathogenesis of the disease is played by the incorrect setting of the foot. In this case, clubfoot and flat feet are equally harmful factors. During movements, injuries of soft tissues can occur, as a result of which the ankle joint begins to ache while walking. In severe cases, purulent aseptic arthritis develops.

Stretching of the ligamentous apparatus can also lead to painful sensations, which appear during walking. The tension is differentiated by the cause-and-effect relationship between the fall, dislocation, and impact. In order to exclude injury, it is mandatory to contact an experienced traumatologist.

What causes permanent pain in the ankle joint?

If you do not injure your leg, you must definitely exclude arthrosis, arthritis. These diseases usually develop in people who are on their feet for a long time. Excessive physical stress on the locomotor system leads to an increased risk of destruction of the cartilaginous tissue.

Arthritis is characterized by the following symptoms: redness of the skin, the appearance of swelling around the ankle joint, restriction of movement during flexion - extension of the foot. It is important to note that supports on the heel does not lead to increased pain. Lameness develops only in severe cases. Before the advanced stage, a person can walk independently. Arthritis of traumatic ecology leads to the fact that pain is localized only on one leg. Rheumatoid and reactive inflammation affects both legs. In this case, combined pains can occur in many large joints, and the ankle will be only one of them.

Arthrosis of the ankle is a rare disease that affects older people. The group of risk is represented by people who worked for a long time as painters, plasterers, welders, turners, loaders and sellers. In some cases, arthrosis develops in athletes. This can be explained by the fact that an excessive load on the ankle joint leads to an intensive growth of bone tissue, the destruction of cartilage. When walking, it irritates soft tissues, resulting in reactive inflammation. To clarify the diagnosis of arthrosis, it is important to perform an X-ray examination.

How can severe pain be caused?

Did you notice severe pain in the ankle joint? In this case, you must urgently seek medical attention in order to exclude injuries that require medical care. Before consulting a doctor, a tight bandage should be applied to the leg. Ideally, the leg should be kept in a horizontal position, as this will reduce swelling and pain.

Be prepared for the fact that severe pain can be a sign of a fracture of the calcaneus. For this injury, one jump from a small height with an unsuccessful landing on the heel may be enough. Cracks of the calcaneus can appear with tangential side impacts.

Another dangerous injury is the rupture of tendons, which can occur during a fall or dislocation. In this case, the ankle joint should be protected from any movements so that the area of ​​the wound surface does not increase, and internal bleeding does not increase. Signs of rupture of tendons are severe pain, massive bruising, impaired mobility of the ankle.

What measures should be taken?

If you have an ankle, you should take a set of measures to clarify the diagnosis and successfully eliminate the ailment.

First of all, you should contact an experienced doctor who will conduct the examinations and clarify the diagnosis. In most cases, you need to make a computer tomography. If there are suspicions not rheumatoid and reactive inflammation, it will be necessary to pass an analysis to a rheumatoid and a general blood test. After the diagnosis is clarified, treatment can be carried out.

Purulent inflammation, which manifests not only local symptoms, but also high body temperature, poor overall health, should be treated with antibacterial therapy.

Destructive processes suggest the need to restore blood supply to tissues. The best method is manual therapy.

For the treatment of the ankle joint, osteopathy, reflexotherapy, a course of therapeutic massage and special gymnastics can be used.

Remember that only a doctor can help you!

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Blog of the site "Ankle joint - ankle joint pain when walking"

One of the frequent complaints in the practice of orthopedist traumatologist are unpleasant sensations in the ankle. The doctor has to conduct differential diagnosis among the many causal factors that can cause pain in the ankle joint. And the patients themselves are interested in knowing what it can testify, even before they are told about it by a specialist.

Contents:

Reasons for

Anatomical structure of the lower third of the lower leg and ankle is so complex that the reasons for the occurrence of trouble, more than enough. Considering this, even an experienced specialist can not immediately understand why the ankle hurts, what to do with it, and in general, whether any activities are needed. Indeed, there are really many reasons and all of them are of different nature.

Traumatic injuries .contusion of soft tissues, stretching and tearing of ligaments and tendons, complete and incomplete( fractures) fractures of the ankles or talus, hemarthrosis( accumulation of blood in the joint), dislocations and subluxations of the ankle joint.

Inflammatory diseases: tendonitis and tendovaginitis( inflammation of the tendon and its vaginal membrane), ligamentitis( inflammation of ligaments), arthritis,

deforming osteoarthritis.

Rheumatic and systemic diseases .rheumatoid arthritis.rheumatism, ankle injury in systemic lupus erythematosus, often lead to the fact that the ankle hurts.

Metabolic disorders - gout and gouty joint damage.

Other causes: tuberculosis and arthritis in leukemia, Crohn's disease, viral diseases, chronic venous insufficiency, lumboeishalgia( irritation of spinal nerves in osteochondrosis and intervertebral hernias).

But all these pains in the ankle joint, the causes of which are completely different, clearly differ from each other, which makes it possible to make an initial assumption about the disease that takes place in the patient. To do this, you need to drill down the symptom with the definition of the conditions for occurrence.

Pain when walking

Often, any sensations in the articulation area are absent at rest. In this case, the ankle hurts when walking. In some cases, it can be exclusively point-like. The other part of the patients extends to the entire affected area, including deep structures. In such situations, you can immediately exclude inflammatory, rheumatic, gouty and other causes of the development of pain, because in such cases it should be at rest. Loads lead to its amplification.

It turns out that the main cause of pain in the ankle when walking is various traumatic injuries. If we talk about complete fractures of the ankles or talus, it is unlikely that a person will be able to walk normally if they are present. Another thing is if the pain in the ankle is caused by so-called cracks.

Thus patients go, but they are constantly disturbed by painful sensations in one point. This symptomatology is observed when the ligaments are tense or tearing. In all these cases, the pain syndrome must necessarily be accompanied by local edema, which increases by the evening on the background of loads.

Some time after their occurrence, if the treatment regimen and the timing of the ankle immobilization are not respected, secondary ligamentitis may join. This means that it is never possible to re-injure tissues in which healing processes take place. Otherwise, their inflammation will occur.

It can still for a very long time( about 3-5 months) remind of itself, but only by performing certain movements( walking, squats, turn of the foot), resulting in the leg hurting in the ankle joint. My patients use a proven means.thanks to which you can get rid of the pain in 2 weeks without much effort.

Treatment of

Before taking any medical measures, be sure to consult a traumatologist and perform a radiograph of the affected joint in two projections. But, if there is such a situation that it is not possible to do it in a timely manner, then there are some undifferentiated approaches in the treatment of pain in the ankle joint.

For this perfectly fit:

  • analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: analgin, ketalgin, ketones, dicloberl, movalis, etc.;
  • local ointments application on the basis of these drugs: remisid, diklak gel, dip-lift, fastum, finalgon;
  • is required to fix the patient joint. If the pains are disturbed at rest, then it is better to do this with gypsum longites. In case of pain during walking, special orthoses and ankle fixings or a normal elastic bandage are used;
  • when aching ankle joints, treatment of a physiotherapeutic type brings an excellent result. You can use UHF, electrophoresis, shock wave therapy, massage and water procedures;
  • compresses. In their composition, there may be a half-alcohol solution or dimexide in 25% concentration;
  • glucocorticoids. When the ankle hurts, than to treat it for a long time using standard methods, it is better to perform blockade with prolonged forms of these drugs( Kenalog, diprospan).The effect will not take long.

blogggsite.mirtesen.ru

Blog of the site "Ankle joint - ankle joint pain when walking"

There are many causes of pain in the ankle joint. According to the US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health, ankle pain includes discomfort in one or both ankles and can be accompanied by swelling and bruising of the ankles, along with inability to support the body weight of a person.

Features of ankle pain

Ankle pains due to injuries can affect the ankles, tendons, cartilage or blood vessels located near the ankle. Pain in the ankle joint can give to the knee and shin.

There are many people who love sports, who understand the essence of pain in the ankle joint. Popular sports such as tennis, hockey, field hockey, football, American football, baseball and softball, offer to rely on your feet constantly. It would be more accurate to say on the joints of the feet. All the same, sport is a daily task that many people constantly perform. Ankle joints perform the most important functions, which stop due to pain. What are the causes of pain in the ankle?

Ankle fractures

According to the American College of ACFAS, an ankle fracture is a partial or full ankle rupture associated with bone injuries. Ankles are one of the most common places for fractures, and ankle fractures are often caused by rapid and strong foot movements inward or outward. It is difficult for a person to distinguish an ankle fracture from a bruise, but they are still significantly different.

If a person has suffered an ankle injury, it is important that she is diagnosed as soon as possible. The diagnosis of a qualified health professional can lead to the need for proper treatment, which in turn can accelerate the recovery process. ACFAS notes that ankle fractures and sprains of the ankle sometimes occur simultaneously.

Common symptoms associated with ankle fractures include pain in fracture sites, inability to walk and significant diffuse or localized tumors around areas of damage.

Tunnel syndrome( tarsal)

Tarzal tunnel syndrome is a nerve damage to the ankle as a result of squeezing, including the posterior tibial nerve and its branches. The tunnel is located just below the bony protuberances on the inner side of the ankle.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a neuropathy in which the posterior tibial nerve of the ankle contracts as it passes through a tunnel. This syndrome can be caused by a variety of factors, including arthrosis of the ankle joint, diabetes, tendovaginitis, ankle injury.

Common symptoms associated with tarsal tunnel syndrome include the following: pain and tingling in the ankle and around it, in the legs, provokes swelling of the legs, sensations of fever and cold in the legs, and pain in the ankle in standing or for long periods of time.

Tendonitis

According to the National Institutes of Health, tendonitis is inflammation, irritation, and swelling of the Achilles tendon. These are thick tendons in the calcaneus, connecting the bones to the calf muscles. The Achilles tendon becomes inflamed and is often the cause of repeated ruptures or inflammation of the tendons or arthritis, which can lead the ankle to injury or infection.

Runners, basketball players and athletes - as well as representatives of other sports that require active jogging and jumping from a person, have a greater risk of developing Achilles tendonitis. Arthritis associated with Achilles tendonitis is more typical for middle-aged and elderly people. Common signs and symptoms associated with tendonitis of the Achilles tendon include the following: pain when walking or running, giving off to the Achilles tendon, as well as pain and swelling in the ankle joint.

Gout

Pain in the ankle troubles people as soon as they get older. Bunches and tendons do not support their knees, elbows and ankles as well as they did before, when people were younger. In addition, inflammation caused by overuse or age-related diseases increases the risk of chronic joint pain. Ankle joint can be very painful and causes a lot of questions about its treatment.

A common disease that can hit the ankle in the middle of the night is called gout. You can wake up with sharp pains giving off in the thumb, ankle or other joints, such as the ankles and knees. Although the pain can last several days and subside, it can re-emerge at any time in the future.

More than 2 million people in the US alone suffer from gout, which affects men more than women. The disease usually develops in men after 30 and women after they have passed through menopause. Men are more likely to suffer from gout if they are overweight, and if they have problems with high blood pressure.

Gout may be a consequence of hereditary arthritis, other diseases. The body tries to compensate for deposits in the joints that cause inflammation and severe pain in the ankle, ankles, knees and other areas of the legs. If you suffer from gout and joint pain, a diet can be one of the factors that can help you stay in shape.

Fracture of calcaneus bone

The heel bone in the lower part of the leg is usually called the calcaneus. This bone helps to support the leg, and this is important for movements with ordinary walking. The heel bone is responsible for turning the foot inside and out.

How does a calcaneus fracture occur?

Fracture of the calcaneus is almost always the result of injuries. Usually they arise as a result of a fall from a height, such as a fall from a ladder. Other causes of calcaneus fracture include car accidents and sports injuries.

Problems with calcaneus as a source of pain in the ankle joint often occur in runners for long distances. Cracks in the ankle are different types of injuries due to traumatic fractures, and their treatment should be discussed with the attending physician.

What are the symptoms of a calcaneus fracture?

Fractures of the calcaneus can cause significant swelling and pain in the foot, shin. Symptoms of a calcaneal fracture include:

  • Inability to walk
  • Bruises on the foot
  • Severe pain in the heels

Most fractures of the calcaneus are closed, the skin is not damaged. When the skin around the fracture of the calcaneus is broken, this may represent an open fracture. Open fracture requires surgical treatment.

What is the treatment for a calcaneus fracture?

Calcaneus fractures may suggest gypsum application after surgery. Without surgical treatment, pain in the ankle joint is also recommended for patients who suffer from poor blood circulation or diabetes;these patients are at risk of developing complications after foot surgery.

Patients who smoke also have a very high risk of complications associated with surgery after a fracture of the calcaneus. The operation should be carefully considered for these patients, and some doctors refuse surgery if the patient does not agree to quit smoking.

Surgical treatment of calcaneus fractures usually involves an incision on the outside of the foot, and a metal plate or screws in the broken bone. The doctor will try to restore the normal position of the bone and return the cartilaginous surface as close to normal as possible.

Sometimes, if two large pieces of calcaneus are broken( compared to many small pieces), this operation can be performed using small incisions. The doctor can recommend proper treatment based on your specific wishes.

After severe fractures of the calcaneus, the leg may be damaged to the bone above the heel. In these situations, the possibility of restoring the cartilaginous tissue of the foot is unlikely.

All patients with a fracture of the calcaneus should also be protected from other types of injuries in the future. Studies have shown that a large number of patients who have a fracture of the calcaneus, also risk a fracture of the lumbar spine( from 10 to 15%).Other injuries are common in patients who have a fracture of the calcaneus, including trauma to the head, neck and other limbs.

What are the complications of calcaneus fractures?

Fracture of the calcaneus is usually a serious injury, and they often lead to constant problems of the foot and ankle. Complications of calcaneus fractures can be divided into early and late complications.

Early complications of calcaneus fractures are most likely due to significant swelling of the bones that may occur after these injuries. In those patients who have undergone surgery to treat the fracture of the calcaneus, a tumor can develop. As already mentioned, patients with diabetes mellitus, smokers and people with poor blood circulation are particularly prone to the development of this complication.

Late complications from calcaneus fracture occur most often due to chronic pain in the legs and arthritis. Pain in the ankle due to arthritis can be chronic after the patient received a fracture of the calcaneus. The risk of developing arthritis as a result of fracture of the calcaneus is usually associated with the severity of the fracture.

Patients often experience problems with chronic leg pain, with difficulty wearing some types of shoes, experiencing pain associated with walking, running and prolonged standing in one place.

What is a recovery after a calcaneus fracture?

The recovery period after calcaneus fracture is an important aspect in determining how quickly the patient will return to his level of activity before injury. Patients will be required to control the weight that falls on their feet, as long as three months. Another critical aspect of treatment is the control of swelling in the ankle, especially in patients undergoing surgery. The best ways to control the tumor include immobilization, rest and the application of ice.

Dislocations and subluxations in the ankle

%

Usually both subluxations and dislocations of the ankle are also supplemented by fractures of the ankles. Most often dislocations and subluxations occur in the place where the talus bone connects to the heel bone. This is called subtalar dislocation of the foot. Then the ankle becomes much thicker, deforms, and the heel area is also deformed. Heel instead of being turned outwards turns inside.

When the foot is squeezed, there are also dislocations and subluxations of the tarsal bones or metatarsal bones. They provoke deformation of the foot, then the dislocated bones protrude to the sides or to the rear of the heel. On the foot you can see a large hematoma( on its back).

Most of all from injuries and dislocations of the ankle joint, as well as its subluxations, people with obesity or those who have a weak ligamentous apparatus suffer. When a person goes, he at the slightest uncomfortable movement turns his leg inward, and there is swelling of the joint, which is called a traumatic edema.

With proper treatment and gentle schedule, it passes in three weeks. If, except for this injury, nothing else was damaged, the ankle joint can fulfill its role completely after 1-2 months.

Causes and Symptoms

Violent joint movement that exceeds the norm, usually leads to deformation of the joints and ligaments. Although ankle pain is often the result of trauma, it sometimes occurs as a result of a disease affecting the musculoskeletal system. In the process of injuries, there is a rupture of ligaments and joint capsules, which are vital structures for supporting the bone. After dislocation, the affected bones of the affected limb may be in the wrong position;fractures are also a problem with serious impairment.

An important factor in the diagnosis of dislocation or subluxation is the force of the fall or stroke, in particular, the loss of function of a particular limb site. Immediately after dislocation, the place of injury is almost always swollen, and painful sensations are felt when pressing on the ankle area.

If a joint injury, including ligament rupture or subluxation, a strong, small chipped bone can be ripped out with supporting foot structures. Chronic recurrent dislocations can occur without severe pain due to the sluggish state of the surrounding muscles and other tissue supporting tissues.

Risk factors that may increase susceptibility to recurrent dislocation, subluxation of small joints, are articular surfaces( congenital) and / or other diseases of ligaments and tissues around the joint that form before birth. Some babies are born with hip dislocations. Children with both sexes and all ages are affected.

Diagnosis

Having a detailed medical history and physical examination of the doctor is the first step in the correct diagnosis of dislocation and subluxation of the ankle joints. The first method of diagnosis is X-ray.

Treatment of

Immediately after dislocation of the ankle joint, the use of ice is useful for reducing swelling and pain. If the patient needs to be transported, it is important to reduce the ankle motion( immobilization) to zero. For a while, gypsum or tires can be used to immobilize and ensure proper alignment of the ankle bones.

Treatment and alignment of the bone after a dislocation - the first task of a doctor. This method can include simple maneuvers that are designed for repositioning bones or surgical procedures to restore joint joints in their normal position.

General or local anesthesia techniques can be used to help make joint bone reduction, perhaps by relaxing the muscles that are in a convulsion. Acetaminophen or aspirin is sometimes used to control pain, and other medications may be prescribed by the doctor if the pain is very severe. In case of relapses, surgical reconstruction or joint replacement may be required. It is not recommended to try to direct the dislocation of the joint by yourself.

Prevention of

When a person engages in strenuous sports or other hard work, the joints of the ankle joints can be protected by elastic bandaging wraps, tapes, pads on the knee and shoulder, or special supporting stockings.

Maintaining the muscles surrounding the joint will also help prevent their destruction and atrophy. Long-term problems with ankle joint dislocations can also be prevented by providing sufficient time for the injured joint to allow it to rest and heal until resumption of full activity.

Deforming arthrosis of the ankle

Degenerative diseases of the ankle joint appear less often than arthrosis of the hip joint or shin arthrosis. Deforming arthrosis always manifests itself on the basis of disorders of the ankle joint, legs, or parts of the legs.

These disorders arise as a result of heredity, congenital features and the development of deformities in the structure of the ankle joint. So there is a systemic disease that leads to the destruction of cartilage of the ankle joint. Like in other joints, trauma or development of arthrosis comes to the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue of the ends of the joints.

Osteoarthritis manifests itself as a pain in the ankle joint with restriction of the sphere of its movements. The need for surgical treatment is provided depending on the restrictions in movement, pain and complaints that the patient expresses.

The type of surgical treatment is due to the purpose planned earlier. For arthrosis of the ankle, a number of measures are diversified. The extreme measure of surgical intrusion is arthroscopic removal of free and half free parts of the leg, excision of the enlarged part of the synovial membrane from within the part and joints.

Prospects

In addition, a medical examination in this case allows you to determine the size and extent of ankle injury and plan for more distant treatment prospects. Until recently, immobilization was the only and decisive way to solve the problem of ankle pain due to arthrosis. However, this resulted in movement restrictions that are irreplaceable and could lead to secondary changes in neighboring joints.

The last years of research have made it possible to preserve the movements of the ankle even in the advanced forms of degenerative diseases. Just like for other large joints, now there is the possibility of alloplasty of the ankle and ankles. Restoration of the ankle joint by the method of prosthetics is not yet effective for all medical orthopedic centers.

The first prosthetic ankle plastic surgery was carried out back in the seventies of the last century. The results were surprisingly weak regardless of the types of prostheses used. These failures have led to the search for new forms and ways of fixing the next generation of prosthetic devices for the ankle joint.

Currently, the methods of treatment associated with the use of prostheses have gained popularity. The average percentage of good and very good indicators after 14 years of observation is 72%.Indications for alloplastic ankle are the results of lesions of the ankle, which develop on the basis of rheumatic diseases or arthropathy in the course of other systemic diseases. This also includes posttraumatic arthrosis in the elderly with a small range of motor activity.

This type of treatment is contraindicated for young and active citizens, for ankle joints after bacterial infections, for legs with muscular dysfunction, with distortion of the shin bone and after numerous injections of injectable steroids. The decision on the method of treatment should be considered very carefully.

A healthy lifestyle and diet can be the main factor in reducing the risk of chronic pain in the ankles. Exercise is also a factor in strengthening joints and muscles, lowering blood pressure, can be used to combat age-related diseases such as gout. Light exercises can be used at the beginning of recovery after an ankle injury, and as the joints become more mobile and strong, they can be continued, then more physical activity is allowed.

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