The leg is hurt from the knee to the foot

Sore legs from knee to foot

aching legs from knee to foot

Very often, women suffer from leg to knee to foot pain. In most cases, no one pays any special attention to this, writing off unpleasant feelings for fatigue or long walking on his heels. But sometimes it can be a symptom of serious illnesses. Why do legs hurt from the knee to the foot, and what to do to prevent the development of the disease?

Thrombosis of the vessels of the legs from the knee to the foot

Very often the reason that a woman's feet aches and knees from knee to foot is a vascular thrombosis. This disease can occur with blockage of arteries or a wreath. With venous thrombosis, symptoms develop within just a few days. First the leg only hurts from the outer or inner side of the shin and there is a heaviness in the evening. A few days later there is swelling and there is a strong redness. In the affected area, even the temperature may rise. Through time, the leg acquires a cyanotic shade, and the patient, because of severe pain, can not even step on it. If at this stage do not provide timely medical care, then tissue necrosis will begin, and soon gangrene.

Arterial thrombosis always develops very transiently. First, the bones of the legs hurt from the knee to the foot, and in just a few hours the limb begins to grow colder and dull, and its color turns white. The patient needs medical assistance for 2-4 hours, since during this time with arterial thrombosis the leg completely dies due to necrosis.

Deficiency of minerals

Sore legs from knee to foot( in front or behind) and with a lack of any substances in the body. Often such a phenomenon is observed with calcium deficiency. In addition to pain, a person also encounters severe cramps in calves. Usually a person does a limb massage and the condition is normalized. But in order to eliminate the cause of pain, it is necessary to pass tests, to reveal what trace element is missing and to fill its deficiency.

Polyneuropathy with leg fatigue

If you have a leg injury between the knee and the foot, it can be polyneuropathy. This disease is the result of the effects on the human body of diabetes. Basically, this is typical for type II disease. In addition to pain, there are symptoms such as:

  • numbness of the legs;
  • sensation of burning or tingling;
  • cold limb syndrome.

To cure this disease, first of all it is necessary to eliminate diabetes mellitus. It is possible to supplement the modern treatment of polyneuropathy qualitatively with folk remedies. Relieve pain in the legs and greatly improve the metabolic processes in the nerve fibers will help infusion of milk thistle and St. John's wort.

Other common causes of pain in the legs

Pain sensations between the knee and the foot often occur when:

  • muscle tone;
  • spasm, which is caused by a prolonged strain on the legs;
  • leg injuries( stretching or tearing muscles);
  • myositis;
  • of varicose leg disease;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • diseases of a rheumatic nature;
  • tumors of bones, muscles, or tissues;
  • long-term use of certain medicines.

If you have aching feet from the knee to the foot, treatment should begin with the fight against a disease or pathological condition, which became the root cause of such disorders in the body. The patient should be limited to sports and various physical activities. In some cases, it will not be superfluous to take an anti-inflammatory and anesthetic drug.

aching legs from knee to foot ointment

For women who do not have any disease, but constantly hurt their feet from the knee to the foot, an anesthetic ointment can help. With its help, you can reduce stiffness of the muscles and restore mobility in the joints. It is best to use:

  • Ibuprofen Ointment;
  • Voltaren Emulgel;
  • Ketonal;
  • Ointment Nurofen;
  • Indomethacin Ointment.

Foot pain from knee to foot: causes and treatment

Thrombosis of the vessels of the legs below the knee

Such pathologies develop in a short time, they flow sharply and are accompanied by pronounced external signs. The disease can be with a blockage of veins or arteries. The states are different in many ways.

With venous thrombosis, symptoms develop gradually over several days. They show up with heaviness in the legs and with a bursting pain. Its localization can be both from the outside, and the inner region of the shin. The leg begins to swell, redness occurs. In the place of pathology, the temperature in the leg rises, it becomes hot to the touch. After a while, redness is replaced by a cyanotic shade. Painful sensations in the patient are strong, it is impossible for him to step on the affected leg. After three or four days, necrosis of the tissues and gangrene of the foot begins. Therefore, timely medical assistance is needed to avoid being left without a lower limb.

Arterial thrombosis develops transiently. For a couple of hours the foot begins to grow dull and cold. Because of the lack of blood supply to the tissues, the color of the shin becomes white. There may also be a sudden acute pain below the knee to the foot.

In the absence of first aid doctors, for two to four hours, the leg dies due to tissue necrosis.

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Deficiency of minerals( trace elements)

If there is a lack of any substances in the body, painful sensations in the lower extremities can develop. The reasons for this are different. Perhaps the bones lack calcium. Symptoms can be cramps in the muscles of the calves, which occur at night. Because of this, a person wakes up, the pain prevents him from sleeping. The attack can last several minutes, then go by yourself. Usually a person starts to massage a diseased site in order to ease his condition.

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This disease can be a consequence of the effects on the body of diabetes, which affects not only all organs( tissues, bones), but also nerve endings. Sometimes diabetes is diagnosed because of pain in the legs below the knees. This is typical of the second type of disease. Thus such symptoms are shown:

  • burning pain in the legs;
  • numbness of legs and cold limb syndrome;
  • pain is permanent and does not depend on physical activity and workload.
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Obliterating atherosclerosis

This disease disrupts the main blood flow to the lower leg due to the narrowing of the lumen of the vessels. The causes of this are atherosclerotic plaques. Because of this, the patient has pain below the knee to the foot with intermittent claudication. Usually it is typical for long walking for long distances. After rest, the pain syndrome passes. If you do not take measures and the disease will progress, the pain will intensify and appear even at rest. Trophic changes occur on the legs( ulcers occur).The skin begins to peel off, it becomes very dry. Also, the nails on the legs are involved in the pathology process. This disease can also lead to the death of the limb due to necrosis of the tissues and gangrene

. If the leg under the knee is sore, immediately consult a doctor. The specialist will appoint the necessary examination and prescribe the treatment.

If one of these parts is damaged, the pain in the left or right leg will be pronounced. Most often, these sensations do not pose any danger to human health. But to be sure of this, it is necessary to determine what was the cause of their occurrence.

The main causes of

There are a lot of reasons that cause the appearance of pain in the legs. Consider the most common of them:

  • spasms, which appeared due to prolonged loads on the feet;
  • injuries caused by running: stretching, tears or even fractures;
  • inflammatory processes, because of which the liquid is collected in the knee;
  • varicose veins;
  • rheumatism and others.

Varicose disease

Some people think that varicose veins are very easy to recognize, because the veins become noticeable on the legs. But it is not so. The expansion of veins is observed in the late stages of the development of the disease, and at the very beginning it is masked. If you identify the ailment in the initial stages, you will avoid the operation. It should be noted that it often begins not on both extremities simultaneously, but only on the left or right leg. There are several signs that you need to undergo an examination:

  1. Heaviness in the legs.
  2. Discomfort during flexion and extension of the leg.
  3. Rare spasms, although this symptom does not appear at all.
  4. The appearance of edema.
  5. Aching pain after long legs in an upright position.

Vascular thrombosis

This pathology develops in a very fast time, so it should be treated immediately. Externally manifested by severe redness on the leg. The disease can be of two types: with a blockage of veins or arteries. They flow in different ways.

In the case of venous thrombosis, symptoms appear only a few days after its onset. They are included in the following: the heaviness in the legs, the bursting pain when flexing and unbending the limbs. For a few days the foot swells up, and the skin turns red. The temperature in the leg is significantly increased. This is determined even by the touch, as it becomes hot. After a while reddening turns into blue. The patient feels terrible sensations when bending the lower limb, because of which he can not step on it. After another three to four days, the development of gangrene on the leg may begin. Therefore, the disease must be treated immediately, otherwise there is a risk of being left without a leg.

Arterial thrombosis develops even faster. In just a few hours the foot starts to get colder. As the blood does not flow into it, it becomes white. In addition, there is a sharp pain from the hip to the foot. If you do not seek medical help, then within 4-5 hours, the limb will die. To treat a foot at home is strictly prohibited. At the first symptoms you need to go to the clinic.

Mineral deficiency

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If the body contains insufficient nutrients, it can cause pain from the hip to the foot.

The causes of this disorder can be different. Most often, this is due to the fact that the bones receive an insufficient amount of calcium. One of the most common manifestations of the disease is seizures. Moreover, they usually appear at night. A person wakes up, because the pain starting from the hip prevents him from sleeping. When bending the leg, there are also unpleasant sensations. The attack lasts several minutes, after which it passes.


It appears due to the fact that a person suffers from diabetes mellitus. It affects not only the organs, but also the nerve endings. One of the symptoms of diabetes is the appearance of pain from the hip to the foot. This is characteristic of the second type of diabetes. In addition, the symptoms of polyneuropathy are:

  1. Unbearable pain in the legs.
  2. Numbness in the legs. If the hands and feet are constantly cold, then you need to think about why this happens.
  3. Cutting pain when flexing the leg. Moreover, it starts from the hip and abruptly passes to the foot.
  4. Unpleasant sensations are constantly, regardless of the amount of physical activity.

A specialist should treat ailment. It runs quite slowly, so if you go to the hospital in the early days of its development, you can even diagnose diabetes in the early stages.


When walking and running on the knee joint is a huge impact, because of which there are various disorders. One of them is the fluid in the knee( synovitis). Very often, after a trauma, fluid in the knee joint can accumulate. You can treat this ailment by fixing the knee with a special bandage. In addition, the foot should provide maximum peace. If fluid accumulates in the joint, then the surgeon must remove it, using a special syringe. To facilitate the procedure, local anesthesia can be used.

The liquid is clear, cloudy or bloody. The stronger the knee joint is damaged, the more painful it will be. It accumulates in the synovial membrane, because of what it is called synovitis. To treat ailment it is necessary immediately.

Symptoms of

The knee joint is often subjected to various injuries, which can cause it to accumulate liquid. The disease occurs both on the left and on the right leg. In some cases, it develops immediately on both legs. The main symptoms of this ailment are:

  1. A pronounced painful sensation from the thigh of the left or right leg( depending on which knee the liquid accumulates in).
  2. Unpleasant sensations when bending the leg.
  3. Increased body temperature.
  4. Swelling.

There is also a chronic synovitis. This option involves filling the joint with fluid gradually. Although sometimes there is still a sharp pain when bending the leg. Moreover, she can start from the hip and reach the foot.

Treatment of

In order to treat synovitis, the surgeon must completely remove fluid from the knee joint. The doctor carefully inserts the needle. After performing the procedure, the surgeon enters the antibiotics in the affected area, regardless of whether there are suspicions of an infection. The patient is then placed in a room where the joint should be at rest. For this, a pressure bandage is placed on the patella. After this, the patient should drink anti-inflammatory drugs for a while.

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  • Forgot about bulging bones on legs
  • Bending of big toes and joints
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  • Has lost pain in bones on legs and their swelling
  • Avoided surgery and walking by doctors
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Thus, there are a huge number of diseases that can cause pain in the leg. If you have any of the above symptoms, immediately go to the clinic.

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Why the legs below the knee hurt heavily( bones in the front, joints, muscles)

Many patients suffering from severe pain in the lower parts of the legs( from the knee) are familiar with physiotherapy practice, not by hearsay, especiallyathletes and those who participate in sports events. The questions why this happens to them are clear. Its cause may be one of the local structures in the calf or lower leg, or, it can be transmitted from other sources( eg, lower back, knee or ankle).

Sudden pain in the calf muscles often occurs in athletes and people participating in high-speed sports, which provide changes in the direction of movement and those that include rapid acceleration and deceleration( such as tennis, football and basketball).The most likely cause is a bruise usually occurs as a result of a collision with hard objects( football boots).

The gradual strengthening of shin pain( under the knees) often occurs in patients engaging in sports or activities that involve high running loads, often in combination with a small foot biomechanics.

There are many other causes of pain in the lower legs, some of which happen suddenly for a particular incident, others, develop gradually over time. Pain in the calves( veins) that occurs due to a serious disease such as DVT( deep vein thrombosis), especially in patients with swelling, fever, changes in color of the affected limb - an occasion to visit the doctor( especially when there are risk factors, such as a recent oral contraceptive course or a recent surgery).

Below are some of the most common causes of pain in the lower legs with a brief description of each condition that will help in diagnosis. The states were grouped for ease of use in accordance with the sudden or gradual onset of it and the commonness or less prevalence of problems.

Sudden severe pain below the knee in front in the shin and behind

Shin bone injury( tibia) - trauma resulting from direct contact with a rigid object. Symptoms: pain in front below the knee when touching the affected area, bruises and swelling that may appear immediately after the injury or in a few days.

Rupture of the gastrocnemius muscle or deep gastrocnemius muscle( soleus), usually occurs after sudden movement, acceleration. Symptoms: localized pain in the back of the tibia, when touching the affected area and lifting the heel from the ground.

Contusion of the gastrocnemius muscle - bruises, pain to the touch, which is enhanced by lifting the heel( rising on tiptoe) or movement to stretch the calf.

A painful, involuntary contraction of the calf muscles can occur suddenly and stop you from continuing your activity. Sometimes the leg is reduced at night. To ease the condition, you can gently stretch the muscle, for example, immediately quickly pull the big toe on yourself and keep it in this position for a while.

What happens less often

Pain radiated to the shin

The shin pain sometimes comes from another source, for example, the lower back or knee and is often associated with symptoms of problems higher or lower( for example, severe pain or stiffness in the loins, in the areagroin, thigh, knee, ankle or foot).May be accompanied by loss of movement in these areas, and in some cases with tingling and numbness in the affected leg.

Fracture of the tibia

Cracks in the tibia( tibia) can occur due to an ankle attack, a fall from the height or force on the front of the tibia. Pain is usually severe and often leads to inability to keep body weight. Deformities of the bone can be seen and often there is a significant swelling. Pain, as a rule, increases when the affected area is touched. Sometimes there is a tingling or numbness in the lower leg, ankle, foot.

Fibular fracture

  • To which doctor should

A fracture in the outer lower leg bones is often found in combination with an ankle injury, falling from a height, or by force on the outside of the shin. The pain is heavy, increasing if touched. In some cases, bone deformities and swelling can be seen. The leg may feel drowsy and tingle.

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