Why the joints of the hands and feet hurt during pregnancy: treatment and preventionPregnancy is a special condition of the female body, which is accompanied by various physiological changes.
First of all, the cardiovascular system undergoes changes, since another circulatory system appears in the body of a pregnant woman.
The mass of the heart muscle begins to gradually increase, which leads to an increase in the volume of circulating blood. Lungs start to work more intensively, because the body needs a lot of oxygen.
With an increase in gestation, dyspnea may appear. Due to the fact that the body begins to prepare for feeding, the structure of the mammary glands changes. Therefore, they increase in size and are a little rude.
During pregnancy, a lot of stress goes to the joints, which eventually get sick.
In a pregnant woman, joints in the risk zone
Joint pain during pregnancy occurs for the following reasons:
- Calcium deficiency in the body .During pregnancy, the body requires calcium three times more than usual. In the second trimester, the child is intensively growing and requires a large number of nutrients, including calcium. During this period, the first pain thresholds are manifested.
- Load on the musculoskeletal system due to abdominal growth .Intensive release of the hormone relaxin .This hormone, which is produced in the ovaries, contributes to the weakening of the ligament apparatus.
- Changing biomechanics of the skeleton of a pregnant woman.
- Manifestation of consequences of previously received injuries .
As a result of all the above reasons, a disease such as arthritis can occur.
This disease is characterized by the development of inflammatory processes, which can lead to a violation of metabolism inside the joint.
Arthritis can affect either one joint( monoarthritis) or several joints simultaneously( polyarthritis).
Also, pain in the joints can cause developing arthrosis. This is a dystrophic disease that leads to intraarticular destruction of the cartilage.
The cause of arthrosis is the incorrect metabolism. The manifestation of this disease, will increase with an increase in the load on the joints.
The first bell and the subsequent trill of
The first sign is the increased pain in the joints at night. This indicates the onset of the inflammatory process.
Also about the inflamed joints says the morning stiffness of the whole body. Another sign that should alert is the swollen metacarpophalangeal joints.
Very often, pain in the joints subside after some physical activity. This sign indicates the onset of arthritis. If the process of inflammation is accompanied by the formation of solid nodules on the elbows, then perhaps this is a consequence of rheumatoid arthritis.Most often, during pregnancy, there is pain in the hip joint and other joints of the legs, and unpleasant pain sensations in the joints of the hands are also possible. Basically, the onset of pain is the result of a lack of calcium in the body.
Pelvic pain is associated with increased stress on its joints. After all, the belly of a pregnant woman is constantly growing, and this directly affects the work of the musculoskeletal system.
Therefore, with increasing gestational age, it is advisable to avoid prolonged condition on the legs.
The first step is the diagnosis of
. If the joint problems are suspected, the following diagnostic procedures are prescribed:
- Visual inspection of the .In this way, the configuration, symmetry and volume of the joints are determined. Changing the configuration of suggests the presence of exudate in the joint. Swelling of the joint( increase in volume) occurs as a result of effusion into its cavity, or edema of periarticular tissues. Also visually it is possible to define muscular atrophy and platypodia.
- The palpation method of .Determines the rise and fall of the temperature of the patient joint. The temperature change indicates the presence of vascular thrombosis. In the process of diagnosis, two types of palpation are used: superficial and deep. With superficial palpation, the back of the hand is applied to the affected area of the joint, or the fingertips. Thus, the presence of swelling of the joint and its temperature is determined. A deep diagnostic method allows you to identify the effusion in the joint cavity and local soreness.
- Rotational test .It consists in carrying out the outer circumference of the shoulder and helps to determine the re-arthritis of the humeroscapular joint.
- Trendelenburg Test .Another such method is called the "rolling of log" method. With its help, it is possible to determine the pathology of the hip joint.
In addition to the methods listed above, it is possible to diagnose inflamed joints using computed tomography and ultrasound methods.
If necessary, a laboratory study of the synovial fluid and a biopsy of the joint tissues.
AssistingTreatment of joint diseases today is carried out both by medicinal methods, and with the help of special physical exercises.
Drug treatment is the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, including joint injections.
Among the drugs most commonly used are: Aspirin, Tramadol, Ibuprofen, steroids and anti-inflammatory gels.All these and many other medicines have different side effects, and are most often contraindicated in pregnancy so before using them, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
It is possible to restore the mobility of a sick joint with the help of physical exercises. Types of exercise should show a certain specialist. Basically, this is a special gymnastics and joint massage.
Peculiarities of therapy in pregnancy
When pregnancy, treat joints with medicamental methods is not recommended.
The most effective treatment in this case is rest and a good sleep. Also in the diet should include a lot of cottage cheese and other fermented milk products.
In addition, in order to ease the load on the joints, during the last period of pregnancy, you can wear a bandage. Still doctors recommend to accept warm baths and to rub the inflamed joints with olive oil.
But if there is an urgent need for the use of medications, it should still be an easy medication.
Most often, doctors prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs based on paracetamol. To avoid harm to the fetus, for the treatment of joints, drugs for external use are used.
As for antibacterial agents, they are used in special cases, taking into account all safety criteria. Physiotherapeutic methods in the form of electrophoresis with potassium chloride are also prescribed.
How to get rid of hip pain:
Prevention of joint diseases
To prevent inflammation of the joints, first of all, you need to consume a sufficient amount of fluid.
Otherwise, this will lead to poor functioning of the joints. Also, doctors advise to eat foods rich in calciumand vitamin D.
In order not to give an extra burden on the joints, you need to control your weight. As a preventative, you can use various vitamin preparations, after consulting with a doctor.
In order for a pregnant woman not to have joint pains while sitting, it is necessary to change the position of the legs every 20 minutes. In this case, the back should always lie on the back of the chair.
Due attention should be given to the choice of footwear, which should be soft and without heels. You can also engage in special gymnastics for pregnant women, which will serve as prevention of pain in the joints.
Joints love the attention of
In pregnancy, the joints are particularly stressed, therefore the diagnosis and prevention of joint diseases should be carried out on time, otherwise complications of various kinds may occur.
This can be a deformation in time of a non-cured joint, which is accompanied by a decrease in its activity.
Prolonged pain in the knee joints, can lead not only to deformation, but also to the accumulation of fluid. Sometimes such capsules with accumulated fluid can burst, which will lead to swelling of the leg.
In especially neglected cases, kidney damage may occur, resulting in amyloidosis.In very severe cases, complete joint destruction can occur, which can lead to disability of the patient.
To date, unfortunately, many do not attach importance to joint pain. But if you are going to become a mother, this should be taken seriously.
Even if you have at least one symptom, you need to see a doctor. Better once again to be vigilant than to acquire a chronic disease, so, you should never postpone a visit to the doctor for tomorrow.
Pain in joints during pregnancy
Joint pain in pregnancy is the most painful manifestation of the ailments of the musculoskeletal system. In order to properly understand the signal of your body during pregnancy, it is necessary, first of all, to understand the cause of joint pain in pregnancy - and only after that can you apply the correct course of treatment and not be afraid of complications. Pain greatly affects the life of a woman during pregnancy. After all, pain is not just an unpleasant sensation. It affects the everyday cares, the ability to provide personal life, to relationships with surrounding people. Many pregnant women can not distinguish between joint pain and pain near the joint, apart from more serious injuries. Only a doctor can say with certainty what exactly triggered the appearance of joint pain during pregnancy.
Arthritis is a universal term that indicates the presence of an inflammatory process in the joints. But this is not a diagnosis. Today, scientists distinguish about 100 varieties of arthritis. A correctly diagnosed diagnosis is the way to correct treatment, so the diagnosis is very important.
Diseases in which joint pain occurs during pregnancy
Pain in joints related to pregnancy
During pregnancy, the level of secretion of the hormone relaxin increases, which makes the pelvic ligament softer and allows them to stretch: this is necessary for the normal course of childbirth. The problem is only that relaxin affects all connective tissues, in particular on elbows, knees, shoulders and so on. Because even your usual weight can be very risky for weak joints, which can lead to pain in the joints.
Pain in joints that are not related to pregnancy
- Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, the most common type of arthritic disease. The older the woman, the earlier the elastic cartilage that protects the joints from injuries and injuries, hardens, loses its elasticity, becomes vulnerable. The cartilage becomes worn out, the ligaments and tendons are stretched, which causes the appearance of pain. Osteoarthritis affects any joint, often it suffers from the spine, knees, hips and fingers. Symptoms of osteoarthritis are pain in the joints, cones of bone nature on the joints of the fingers. To reduce the pain syndrome may be pain medications, such nutritional supplements as chondroitin and aminoglucose. It may also be necessary to introduce a certain kind of change in a person's way of life, for example, to reduce weight, which will reduce the strain of the joints.
- Rheumatoid arthritis. This type of arthritis differs significantly from the above degenerative joint disease. The inflammatory process in the joints develops in two parts of the body - this is the symmetry that is the key to diagnosing this type of disease. Among the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis can also be called pain and swelling of the joints, their immobility, general weakness. Experts believe that bacteria and viruses can have a detrimental effect on the body's immune system and force it to attack both joints and other organs. Rheumatoid arthritis is a rather dangerous disease that can end in a fatal outcome. The key to successful treatment of this ailment is early diagnosis and intensive therapy. These two key points can help to avoid disability and continue a person's life.
- Temporal arteritis and rheumatic polymyalgia are inflammatory diseases that often accompany each other. Rheumatic polymyalgia affects large joints, for example, humeral and femoral. Temporal arteritis is an inflammation of the blood vessels of the head, in particular the eye. Both diseases cause an attack of the immune system, aimed at healthy tissues. Painful sensations and immobility of the femoral and humeral joints, elevated body temperature, weight loss, general weakness are the main symptoms of rheumatic polymyalgia. Often the only symptom is extreme weakness, which prevents a person from rising from a chair or bringing his hand to his face. The most common symptom of temporal arteritis is a headache of an acute nature.
- Fibromyalgia is a chronic ailment that accompanies the pain and sensitivity of many points on the body, as well as insomnia and general weakness. The cause of the development of this disease can not be understood to this day, but it certainly has nothing to do with injuries to the joints, nerves and muscles. According to one theory, the disease can be associated with the hypersensitivity of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Another theory suggests the connection between fibromyalgia and the imbalance of chemicals in the body, which are responsible for the susceptibility of pain and mood. Imbalance, probably, provokes a decrease in activity, the appearance of insomnia, weakness, sensitivity and pain. Fibromyalgia is an incurable disease. The main goal of the treatment is to overcome the pain, weakness, depressive state, reduced activity and other symptoms of the disease, which prevent the woman from managing the habitual way of life.
- Depression. A terrible mood is not the only sign of depression. There are physical symptoms, for example, causeless pain in joints during pregnancy. The most common symptoms of depression are frequent headaches, pain in the abdomen and back. Such physical symptoms can trigger depression, and they last much longer than emotional symptoms. Some doctors believe that such symptoms are signs of fibromyalgia. Depression and fibromyalgia clearly have a relationship. Depression can increase susceptibility to pain.
It is very important that a woman who has pain in joints during pregnancy, promptly turned to a specialist for help. First of all, it is necessary to seek the advice of a family doctor who will make an analysis of the symptoms and tell you what specific specialist you need to contact.
If the joints of the fingers are aching during and after pregnancyMany women often complain that they have pain in the joints of the fingers during pregnancy. This phenomenon is fully justified and is characteristic of the female body during the period of bearing of the child. During pregnancy, not only the joints on the hands begin to hurt.
Sometimes such painful sensations appear in the feet and in the knees. The nature of such a disease can be different. But in most cases, such pains are associated with the strain experienced by the female body.
Unpleasant symptoms of
During pregnancy, 70% of women experience pain in their hands, back and legs. A similar phenomenon was called carpal tunnel syndrome. In most cases, such unpleasant prolonged pain after childbirth is discontinued. But in some young mothers, a similar symptom can continue in the construction period. Most often, pain in the hands begin to be pursued by a woman in the third trimester of pregnancy, when the expectant mother starts actively gaining weight. Preceding pain in the joints swelling throughout the body.
Sore joints of the fingers during pregnancy in women as a result of what is happening trapped by neural tube connecting with a hand brush. Stable work of nerves is disrupted, as a result of a young mother feels pain in her fingers. But prolonged painful sensations are not the only symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Often with them appear:
- Frequent itching and burning in the palms, in the fingers.
- Pain in the forearm. Usually has a strong, sharp and sudden nature.
- Weakness of the fingers, slight numbness of the hand.
- Numbness of fingers separately.
Arthritis or arthrosis may also be the cause of these painful sensations. If a woman has previously suffered from such diseases, then you need to inform the doctor about it. In addition, previously a young mother could be at risk, and such a disease could manifest itself or worsen during pregnancy.
In most cases, these symptoms disappear after delivery. Within a few months a woman has swelling, the body copes with stress. In the event that the pain does not disappear, it is worthwhile to see a doctor.
The cause of pain in the hands can be a violation of the nerve channels. If such a defect does not pass after pregnancy, the woman may be offered an operation. As a result, the pressure on the nerve will decrease, unpleasant symptoms will disappear.
reasons for pain in the joints
Painful sensations in the hands, back and legs can be caused by inflammation of the joints. After the conception takes place, the female body is significantly weakened and immunity is reduced. If the mother has chronic forms of joint disease, then during pregnancy there will be an exacerbation. In this case, you need to seek professional help.
The doctor will prescribe the exact course of the necessary medications that you can take for you. To engage in self-medication at any period of pregnancy is dangerous. Such precautions are related to the fact that it is undesirable to take medications for the treatment of joints during the period of gestation. After all, you can harm not only your body, but also your baby.
Joints of the fingers are often aching due to a lack of vitamins and nutrients in the body. In many cases, this is a lack of calcium. During the gestation of a child, a woman needs to consume a large daily intake of calcium( if there is no allergy to it).This element is contained in cottage cheese, milk, cheese, fermented baked milk, kefir. If the nutrition of the expectant mother is incorrect or unbalanced( calcium is not absorbed), this can cause pain of a similar nature. In order to determine the level of calcium in the body, you need to do a blood test. Biochemical research will help to find out the answer to this question. If the body lacks calcium, the doctor can prescribe her a special diet and biological supplements.
Joints are aching after and during pregnancy, often due to an excess of the hormone relaxin. Such a substance is produced in any pregnant woman, it is necessary for the normal course of pregnancy. It first softens the joints of the body. Otherwise, the hip bones might simply not disperse under the pressure of the enlarged uterus.
The hormone relaxin has a side effect on the body. It can be pain in the limbs. If the pain is associated with the excess content of this hormone, a woman can simply suffer.
It is impossible to neutralize the hormone relaxin medication. After some time after the birth the hormonal background stabilizes, the pain in the joints will pass by itself.
How to cope with the painful sensations
Hand joints during pregnancy are often prone to painful sensations. To avoid them, perform simple exercises. Such exercises will improve blood circulation. Stretch your hands very carefully. If any manipulation brings you pain, try to avoid them. Make sure that you do not have massive heavy jewelry on your hands.
Wash your hands. You can attach a small packet of ice to the aching joint, but do not overcool it. You can remove the pain and swelling of the hands by placing them in a bowl with cold water. However, this method does not help everyone. Raise your hands up to improve the outflow of blood. When the back or the hand hurts, it is desirable to do an easy massage. Thoroughly massage each finger, then the whole brush, go up to the elbows, shoulders, ask them to stretch your back well. This will improve blood circulation and reduce pain.
Young moms often have knees ached. In order to cope with this problem, you can use aromatic essential oils. Their action is often underestimated. Collect a small bowl of warm water and add 2-3 drops of oil. Saturate with such a water piece of cloth or gauze bandage and attach to the inflamed place. Oil helps the juniper oil from edema. But during pregnancy it can bring an unexpected effect and have a bad effect on health. Therefore, it should not be used.
Active impact points on the palm of the hand
Exposure to key points on the body can help cope with any painful sensations. Turn your hands backwards and take yourself by the wrist. Put two fingers of the other hand on the bend. Right next to your fingers will be the right point. Try to press on this place. If you have experienced dull pain from depression, then you have found it. Press down on the point for 6-8 seconds. Repeat the exercise 3 times. Then do the same with the other hand.
Reflexology is considered an effective method of eliminating painful sensations. This technique consists in acting on the patient's foot. At a distance of 2 cm from the ring finger on the foot, feel the point. When you press it, you should have a painful feeling. Press it down for 10 seconds. The pain must pass quickly and for a long time.
The use of homeopathy alone is not recommended. It is best to consult a doctor before starting a course of treatment.
Traditional medicine recipes
If your back hurts after giving birth, then it is best to take a relaxing bath with sea salt. To do this, fill in a bath with 250 g of sea salt, you can add essential oils, and take salt treatments for 20 minutes. You can replace sea salt with bran. For this procedure, boil 1 kg of fresh bran 10-15 minutes. Strain the infusion and pour into the tub.
Coniferous bath with birch will help to remove puffiness and pain in the joints. Take 1 kg of birch leaves and boil in 7 liters of water for half an hour. Birch leaves can be replaced with 1 kg of needles. Once the mixture is boiled, strain it and add to a hot bath.
At home, you can prepare an ointment, which should always be used for prolonged joint pain. Mix the salt( 200 g) and dry mustard( 200 g).Add a little paraffin to the mixture and put in a warm dry place for the whole night.The next morning you will have a finished product. At night, cover all affected areas with ointment and rub it well into the skin. The mixture must be completely absorbed. In the morning, wash the whole body well. If in addition to that joints hurt, they also swell, then at night you can bandage the affected areas. The swelling will soon pass, and the pain will decrease.
Ointment from birch buds has long been popular in folk medicine as a means to combat inflammation of the joints. Birch buds for ointments can be taken fresh and dry. Take unsalted sunflower oil( 800 g), birch buds( 400 g) and place the ingredients in a vessel, preferably clay. Then put the container in a warm place for 24 hours, you can on the battery. If you use dry buds, then increase the infusion time to 50 hours. The resulting mixture is passed through a sieve and add 7 g of camphor. Stir and place in a cool place. Wear an ointment on the affected joints at night.
Oatmeal compress. Take 4-6 tbsp.l.oat flakes, pour them with hot water and put on fire. Cook the porridge over a slow fire for 5-7 minutes. Porridge should get thick enough, so do not overdo it with boiling water. Once the oatmeal is cooked, remove it from the heat and allow it to cool for 3-4 minutes. The porridge should be hot, but not burning. Put the finished product on the fabric and fold well( so that the porridge does not spill).Apply a compress for the whole night.
Why are the joints of the fingers sore during pregnancy?
If a woman aching joints of the fingers during pregnancy, this phenomenon should not cause any particular anxiety and panic, since such a reaction of the organism in this position is considered quite normal. After all, bearing a child is a special period in the life of women, when the body has a tendency to undergo a number of changes. During pregnancy the organism of the future mother becomes hypersensitive, therefore the woman can feel painful sensations in some parts of the body. Yes, it is unpleasant and, perhaps, even unusual, but in order not to suffer and not to suffer, it is necessary to seek the help of a qualified doctor.
In addition to the fact that pain can appear in the joints of the fingers, it can manifest itself in the feet and in the knees. Of course, the cause of this ailment can be very, very diverse, but basically it is closely related to pregnancy.
Pain in the joints of the hands and their main causes
It happens that joint pains rarely remind oneself and they do not particularly alarm the woman. As usual, she can do business without hindrance, but, unfortunately, in some women they are permanent and simply unbearable. In no case should you not hope that these feelings will pass by themselves, or, worse still, self-medicate, relying on the methods of traditional medicine. A doctor's consultation in such a case is simply necessary. After all from such actions the future kid can suffer also.
As a rule, the frequent cause of pain in the joints of the hands of a pregnant woman is a lack of calcium in the body. However, this can only be determined by a physician who, after taking all the necessary tests, can determine whether the body really needs calcium. After that, he appoints a specific scheme for receiving this vital element. In addition, a highly qualified specialist will definitely recommend the future mother to eat properly and balanced. After all, it is known that there were many cases when, as soon as a woman in an interesting situation changed the diet of her habitual diet or replaced some of the consumed products with another, the pain immediately passed. But it's worth to take into account that such products as cheese, kefir and cottage cheese must be present in the everyday menu. It is not bad to accustom yourself to eating seafood, which will have a beneficial effect on the health of not only the mother, but also the future baby.
The next cause of pain in the joints can be their inflammation. If a woman faced pregnancy before pregnancy, then during pregnancy she will necessarily face it, since it may aggravate. After all, for this period the woman's organism is reconstructed, as a result of which the body's immune system weakens and no longer copes with the tasks assigned to it. In this case, the doctor's help is absolutely necessary.
Women are especially sensitive already in the third trimester, when they begin to gain weight rapidly. The load on the body is considerable, and enormous pressure on the entire motor apparatus can not be avoided. Moreover, these pains are accompanied by swelling of the upper and lower extremities. Therefore, it is very desirable for pregnant women to carefully monitor their diet and weight. However, after giving birth, many women get rid of this problem once and for all. There is a high probability that before the pregnancy the woman began to develop the disease of the musculoskeletal system, but during pregnancy it became an intense way of manifesting itself. It is not necessary to panic, but simply follow all the prescribed recommendations of doctors.
Excess relaxation is another cause of pain in the joints of the hands. This hormone is compulsorily produced absolutely in all pregnant women. This substance is responsible for the pregnancy and for its course. With this hormone, all joints in the body soften. This process is necessary and provided for by nature so that during childbirth the baby can successfully pass through the birth canal. However, relaxin has not only a positive effect. Under his influence, pain in the limbs may appear. If, nevertheless, a woman has an increased production of this hormone and pain is associated with this phenomenon, then she has nothing else to do but just tolerate and wait.
Symptomatology of the articular pathology
Very disappointing statistics show that almost every second woman suffers from pains in the joints of the hands, feet and back during pregnancy.
The pain in the fingers of the hands of a pregnant woman is experienced as a result of the squeezing of the neural tubes that connect the brush to the hand. However, it should be noted that pain is not the only symptom. There are a number of other accompanying signs, namely:
- numbness of the hands;
- Numbness of individual fingers: large, middle and index( signs of tunnel syndrome);
- burning and itching of the palms, fingers;
- pain in the forearm, which are usually sudden and acute.
Of course, in the presence of unstable pains, a woman and herself can perfectly help herself and cope with the surging ailment on her own.
The main thing is to understand that nothing terrible is happening, and it is not necessary to panic, to worry much, and even less to lose heart.
Autosuggestion - that's another thing to avoid in this situation, because after childbirth everything will pass.
So, what are some useful tips and recommendations you should take to get rid of the pain in the joints of your fingers, or at least to ease them?
- It is necessary to walk more often outdoors. It is highly recommended not to sleep with your hands under the pillow.
- At the slightest manifestation of pain, it will be useful to move your hands, massage each finger separately. Do not get carried away by monotonous work.
- It is not recommended to keep your hands constantly in a lowered state, because the blood so flows to the extremities in large numbers and their swelling occurs. It is recommended not to stay long on legs.
Hand rubbing is a very effective way to get rid of unpleasant pain. You can use an ice pack and attach it to your hands. Only to detain for too long is not worth it at all, in order to avoid hypothermia. And you can apply the usual bowl with cold water, where the hands are placed. Of course, this method does not help everyone.
It would be nice if someone did a back massage. The blood circulation will improve significantly, and the pain will pass.
You can try using essential oils. In a bowl with warm water 3 drops of oil are added. The received liquid needs to rub the inflamed patches.
An effective help will be a mixture of dry mustard and salt. These ingredients should be taken in equal proportions, 200 grams. There you also need to add a little paraffin, mix and get the ointment left overnight. By the morning the ointment is ready. Rub it well, so that it is absorbed completely.
Pregnancy is a special period in a woman's life, requiring attention and careful care, since in this situation, not only her life, but also the life of the future little man is important. Therefore, with any manifestation of pain, do not delay this.
It is better to prevent the disease, than then to make great efforts to cure it.
How to overcome hip pain in pregnancy
For any woman, pregnancy time is one of the most important stages in life, which will remain in your memory for many years. The future mother lives every day in anticipation of meeting with her child. But not everyone tolerates pregnancy with ease. Often women face a number of problems and pains of different origins. One of the unpleasant phenomena are joint pain during pregnancy. Almost every woman in the situation can face this problem, and at any time.
Compared to the forthcoming births and other tests, joint pains seem insignificant at first glance. But when the pain starts to interfere with moving or sleeping at night, this is already a serious problem. It is especially difficult for those women who, in the current pregnancy, have young children who need constant care.
Future mothers often complain of pain in the hip joint during pregnancy. This is due to the fact that it is the largest and it has the main load when bearing children. From the second trimester, active fetal growth begins in the womb. For the same period, as a rule, there is an increase in weight and volume of the abdomen. Such changes are natural during pregnancy and indicate the correct development of the fetus. But it is at this moment begins to increase the load on all joints in the body, and especially the hip suffers.
Causes and types of pain in the hip joint
There are several reasons why joint pain occurs during pregnancy. Due to the active growth of the baby inside the womb in the body of a future mother, there is a deficit of nutrients. If to speak about joints, it is a disadvantage first of all calcium in a combination to vitamin D3.Also, during pregnancy, there is an increased formation of a hormone such as relaxin. It is necessary to relax the ligaments near the hip bone during labor activity. Due to it, the tissue of the cervix proliferates, which becomes like a sponge and acquires the necessary elasticity for passage during childbirth of a baby's head.
Relaxin promotes the enlargement of the mammary glands and forms additional blood vessels, as during pregnancy the volume of blood in the body of a woman increases by several liters. All this combined with weight gain gives a tremendous load to the entire musculoskeletal system, which leads to pain in the hip joint. As a rule, the most severe pain occurs at the end of pregnancy, when the body finishes preparation for childbirth and goes into the stage of the beginning of labor.
In the last weeks of pregnancy, the abdomen is greatly lowered and the load on the hip joint is further increased. The pains start to bother almost all women, even those who did not have them before. There are a number of reasons for such painful manifestations, but they are associated with the presence of certain diseases and do not concern natural processes during pregnancy.
The pain can be different, sharp and aching. Some women feel them at night, and this can lead to insomnia. Others calmly sleep, but when lifting, when the hip joint experiences a load, there is a sharp sharp pain. Pain sensations are localized in the pelvic region, although sometimes they can go from the spine. Pain in the hip joint can give to the legs, especially when walking. If unpleasant sensations are disturbed in the prone position, then when it is replaced, they usually cease for a while.
Sometimes pains occur only in one joint, and with a long movement without rest, the inner thigh begins to ache by the evening. If severe pain in the joints is accompanied by an increase in temperature, it is urgent to see a doctor. Such symptoms may indicate an inflammatory process or other serious illnesses. The reason is that during pregnancy, the entire organism is restructured and its systems start to work differently to bear fruit. As a result, there may be malfunctions in their operation.
If prior to pregnancy a woman has had any joint-related diseases, then the bearing of the child can aggravate them.
Prevention of joint diseases
A bandage relieves the pelvic load
If there are pains, the most important thing is to calm down and consult a qualified doctor who will identify their cause and tell them how to get rid of them. It is important to choose the right approach to solving the problem, depending on its original source. If pains in the hip joint are associated only with increased stress, hormonal processes, lack of vitamins and nutrients, preventive measures will suffice.
From the general recommendations for prevention, a number of methods can be identified that are aimed at alleviating physical activity and normalizing nutrition during pregnancy:
- is a complex intake of vitamins prescribed by a doctor in accordance with the period of pregnancy;
- need to follow the posture so that the main center of gravity is in one place;
- wearing a bandage when walking or staying long while standing, it helps to distribute the load evenly;
- correct selection of shoes: no heel, firm and soft;
- full and timely nutrition, eating foods rich in vitamins and nutritional elements;
- do everything in a measured way, do not lift anything heavy, because any load can lead to problems with the joints.
Pregnancy is not a disease, but a special condition of the body. In itself, the physical load is necessary for him. Effective will be gymnastics for pregnant women or simple charging.
But it is better to enroll in special sports courses for women in a position where they professionally explain each exercise and monitor their proper implementation. At gymnastics all muscles are warmed up well, due to what the blood circulation and nutrition of joints improves. After such exercises, women notice an increase in motor activity. In addition, such classes contribute to the proper development of labor.
Do not neglect the bandage. Pain in the hip joint can disturb not only during, but also after pregnancy. For effective prevention of pain, it is very important to rest frequently.
Rest is important for pregnant women. First, the expectant mother should rest for two, and secondly, in the first months after the birth of the child, she will have an acute shortage of free time.
How to get rid of pain in the hips
Such things as pain in the joints during the fetal gestation, are temporary and must pass right after delivery. The main load with the birth of the child goes away, and the pain syndrome disappears on its own. But if a woman suffers much from pain, which causes permanent nervous stress, and even more so when a serious illness is detected, the doctors prescribe the treatment. The use of any medication during pregnancy should be under the supervision of a doctor who observes the expectant mother.
Only qualified personnel may prescribe treatment during pregnancy. The approach should be comprehensive, with examination and analysis. If the joints during pregnancy are very painful, after the birth, even if the pain has stopped, it is advisable to spend time and undergo a complete examination of the organs of the small and large pelvis.
In the first months after childbirth, the process of returning a woman's body to the old algorithm of work begins. If the pain was caused by inflammatory processes in the hip joints, this could affect the work of the nearest organs. In this case, prevention is, of course, not necessary, treatment is required.
The physician will select therapeutic methods aimed at eliminating inflammation and pain. From medications can be prescribed drugs analgesic action in the form of tablets, suppositories and ointments. Any other medicines are not prescribed because of the risk of poor exposure to the fetus. Perhaps the use of immunomodulatory therapy and special massage.
If serious diseases are identified, appropriate treatment will be prescribed, especially if the development of the disease threatens the life of the child or mother.
Why do joints hurt during pregnancy and after childbirth and what to do about it?
If joints hurt during pregnancy, then you should understand the reasons for this condition. Moreover, the timing when such uncomfortable sensations appeared is also an important moment. After all, if they appeared in the third trimester, it can happen because the fetus is already actively gaining weight and it becomes hard for the mother to carry the baby. Then the pain will arise not only in the knees, but also in the lumbar region. But as regards early terms, the reason can be much deeper. Treatment will be determined on the basis of their causes of pain.
Why does discomfort occur during pregnancy?
Many women face such problems as joint pain. Why does it arise? And not only the knees, but even the fingers can hurt, although the load on them during this period is not so great, unlike the legs. The main thing here is to understand the reason, and there may be several.
Joints are aching during pregnancy, because it is:
Change of hormonal background. As soon as a woman becomes pregnant, her body begins to actively produce relaxin. This hormone helps to relax the connective tissue, absorbing the water molecules, which causes the tissues to be broken. This process is activated at a later date, so that the pubic symphysis and sacrococcygeal joints are ready for the baby to pass through the birth canal. But relaxin has a relaxing effect on all the body's muscle tissues, because of which the usual physical loads and even the usual body weight begin to affect the joints somewhat differently.
This process is called arthralgia. There is a group of joints that are particularly mobile, for example, the knees. With their constant movement and with a parallel relaxation of soft tissues, the nerve roots are squeezed, and those in turn can not transmit nerve impulses to neighboring joints.
If the pains in the joints during pregnancy are caused precisely by the change of the hormonal background, then for treatment it is necessary:
- to minimize the burden on the patient or all joints as a whole;
- designate special fixation devices that restrict movement of the affected joint;
- pay attention to the weight of the future mother, since every extra kilogram can be given with pain.
Gout. This disease is a change in the exchange of urate. The salts of uric acid in the body become too much, because of what deposits begin and accumulate in the internal organs, especially in the joints. Such an ailment usually affects the metacarpophalangeal joints in the arms, and in most cases the first phalanges suffer. Pains make themselves felt often at night, and the prerequisites for them are non-compliance with the food regime, more specifically, the abuse of meat and wine.
Gout can for a long time not make itself felt, if the pregnant woman will keep to a diet. But with any deviation a woman will have a sharp pain in the area of the affected joint. Treatment in this case should be dealt with immediately, since in a protracted form of the disease, it will be much more difficult to help a pregnant woman.
Usually, medicament therapy is used to treat an illness, which includes drugs that help to reduce urate production and promote their excretion from the body. But such treatment should not be subjected to a woman in position, since all these drugs provoke malformations in the development of the baby and can worsen the condition of the pregnant woman. And so my mother will have to adhere to a strict diet, and after the birth to treat gout medication.
What else is the cause of pain?
Rheumatoid polyarthritis. This ailment has an autoimmune origin. As for the triggers, they can be completely different, and pregnancy can be exactly among them. As a result of such a disease, the articular tissues begin to be regarded by the body as alien, accordingly, the immune system includes a control program. In this process, toxic cells and antibodies begin to form.
If the problem is caused by rheumatoid polyarthritis, the affected joints will begin to swell, blush, and the process of the development of the disease will be accompanied by pain. Discomfort increases with any movement, from walking to physical exertion.
Treatment begins to deal with only when the main cause of the disease is identified. But in any case, the pregnant woman will have to take drugs aimed at suppressing the activity of the immune system( glucocorticoids).They will allow to remove inflammatory processes. There is a group of medicines that are acceptable during pregnancy.
Osteoarthritis. This disease causes cartilage tissues to collapse, which are some kind of shock absorbers. The smaller they become, the harder it is to move the joints. Often, osteoarthritis is a disease of the older age group, but it happens that it occurs in pregnant women. In this case, the treatment will include taking drugs that have an analgesic effect, and chondroprotectors.
Pain in the joints is typical to appear for various reasons. It is necessary to consult a doctor who will prescribe a course of examination and already according to the results he will be able to judge about medical care. Self-medication for pregnant women is categorically contraindicated, since it can have dangerous consequences not only for the future mother, but also for the baby, up to the miscarriage. Therefore, before taking this or that medicine, you should think carefully about what is more expensive: your own comfort or the life and health of a future child.
How to ease your condition?
Usually joint pain passes after pregnancy, but what do all these 9 months? Do not torture yourself if you use most non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is prohibited. In this case, you can give a series of recommendations that will help alleviate the pain and not harm the child:
Swimming. In water, the body is lighter, which means that the load on the joints will be several times smaller. At the same time, the woman is engaged in physical exercises, developing all the joints and muscles, which allows you to prepare for childbirth. In addition, there are many courses in swimming gymnastics, where experienced coaches will help to make the right set of exercises.
As an alternative, a warm shower or bathtub is suitable. But here the key word is "warm", since hot water can only harm and provoke contraction of the uterus.
Bandage. Prenatal bandage is recommended to begin to wear from the third trimester, which will allow you to control not only your posture, but evenly distribute the load on all joints and muscles. A pregnant woman in later terms is better to be in the maximum position, not on her legs.
The state of the joints will depend on how quickly and quickly weight is gained.
To avoid discomfort, it is worth taking products that contain calcium, fatty acids and multivitamin complexes.
It is best to lean on marine and dairy products during this period.
Also helps to relax the joints with a warming massage. But this procedure is better for professionals, since if the problem is in osteoarthritis, then inexperienced hands can only harm cartilage tissues.
It also happens that the joints after joint delivery hurt, and not only during pregnancy. In this case, they simply need to "rest" after 9 months of bearing a valuable cargo. But if the pain is strong and does not go away for a long time, then it is worthwhile to see a doctor, and the expert will advise how to proceed.
Pain sensations in the joints of the knees are considered the norm, especially in later terms, so once again you do not need to wind it yourself. But there should be no negligence, so if the discomfort tends to increase and intensify its intensity, then without the help of a specialist, alas, not do.
After all, it is better to identify the cause at an early stage and give it a fight than to start the disease and then instead of the joy of motherhood, feel the bitterness of going to the doctors, taking the tests and passing the unpleasant procedures. But everyone has the right to decide. The only thing - a pregnant woman already answers not only for herself, but also for her future baby. The main thing is that such a decision should be correct.
Joints are painful during pregnancy - reasons, methods of treatment
People are used to think that problems with joints are a matter of old age or consequence of illness. Therefore, joint pain during pregnancy is at times a complete surprise for a woman .Unfortunately, the pain can be very strong, and, of course, they bring a lot of problems. But why do they arise, and will this condition pass after childbirth? Can you quickly and safely help yourself to get rid of the pain? Today we will try to answer these questions.
Why do joints hurt during pregnancy? In most cases, women are disturbed by unpleasant sensations in the legs, but often they begin to ache and arms."Arthritis" - as a rule, experienced mothers and grandmothers say and frighten with stories that they also all started during pregnancy. A pregnant woman imagines how her pains will be aggravated, and this does not add to her cheerfulness and good mood. Meanwhile arthritis - inflammation of the joints - is caused by a variety of reasons, and to guess on the coffee grounds, why it arose in you, it is not worth it. Worry about joints during pregnancy? Do not suffer pain, but go to the doctor so that he can find out the reason.
Pains in the hip joint during pregnancy
Similar pains, according to doctors, are experienced by 15 to 25% of pregnant women. Let us recall the structure of the joint: this is the place of joining the bones with the help of ligaments and tendons. Therefore, with painful sensations in any part of the joint, sensations extend to the entire joint in the complex. And only the doctor will be able to determine what the problem is.
Hip joints during pregnancy usually start to harass a woman in the second half of the term or closer to its end .And these pains can manifest themselves quite differently:
- With loads - for example, prolonged walking or charging, and after rest the pain disappears;
- Conversely, pain occurs when the motor activity begins, and after physical activity, the pain decreases;
- Stupid pain occurs at night, during sleep, during the day when it disappears.
Be sure to pay attention to how your joints hurt during pregnancy, before or after the load, and how long they continue. Why can there be pain in the hip joint during pregnancy? First of all - because of the physiological cause - the action of the hormone relaxin, relaxing ligament and muscle. It is necessary for the child to pass through the birth canal. The pain caused by this cause is nocturnal, and can weary the pregnant woman. But after childbirth, it disappears.
Other causes that can cause pain:
- Uterine growth and, as a consequence, increasing hip load;
- Excessive load on the legs - exhausting charging, long walk, climbing the stairs;
- Calcium deficiency in the body is a very common problem during pregnancy;
- Aggravation of injuries and diseases. If ever a woman has had problems with hip joints, pregnancy can aggravate the situation;
- Finally, the irradiation of pain from another site. Pain can be localized in the lower back, but it seems to the woman that it hurts the hip joint.
In some cases joint pains during pregnancy can be caused by a very dangerous cause - symphysitis
What is symphysitis
If the pain extends to pubis( bony fusion), bones and pelvic muscles, and it becomes difficult for you to walk, it is highly probable to assumedevelopment of the symphysite. The lonely fusion diverges, and the ligaments become very soft.
This condition is dangerous: the pregnant woman becomes difficult even to change the position of the body. The gait resembles a duck, cautious, with a roll, and from the prone position it becomes impossible to raise your leg up. Pressing on the pubis causes pain. Such sensations in the joints during pregnancy do not carry a threat to the fetus, which can not be said about the mother. Caesarean section may be required if the bones are too loose, and then a long rehabilitation will be necessary. Natural births will be possible only if the discrepancy of the bones is insignificant, and the fruit is not large.
With a confirmed symphysitis a woman will have to forget about her motor activity and be sure to wear a bandage. Calcium and multivitamin complexes are also recommended.
How to reduce pain in joints during pregnancy
The difficulty of the problem is that people are usually prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve joint pain. But they are forbidden to use during the period of bearing a child, as they can negatively affect the fetus and the circulatory system of the mother. What to do with joints during pregnancy?
Perfectly removes the pain of swimming. This is the only type of physical activity that will help to develop all joints and at the same time reduce the load on them. So if you can go to the pool, be sure to use it. Only in no case will you catch cold after swimming.
If a trip to the pool is impossible, a warm bath or shower will also reduce the manifestation of pain. Warm, not hot water - it's important. Physical exercise is necessary in most cases - but this will be a certain set of exercises, which the doctor will tell you about.
To reduce the burden on joints during pregnancy will help prenatal bandage. Be sure to wear it on a late date. Watch your posture and try to walk smoothly. In the case of flat feet, orthopedic shoes should be worn. Try to avoid too much standing on your feet and walking - always sit down periodically to rest.
It is very important to control the weight gain. It is necessary to revise the diet - in particular, to provide the body with calcium and fatty acids( omega-3 and omega-6).Their content is high in marine fish, and calcium is found in fermented milk products. The doctor will also recommend multivitamin complexes.
Finally, do a warming massage of the joints with massage oils. We wish you health and that the joints during pregnancy do not worry you too much.