X-ray of the hip: norms in children and adults, preparation as performed by
Hip joint X-ray is by far the most common method of examining the human skeleton. Based on his result, the doctor can make a clear and correct decision on how to treat a patient who has problems with the hip joint, and this applies not only to adults, but also to children.
X-ray of the pelvic bones is considered to be a simple and accessible method of research, but due to the fact that it has a harmful effect on the body and poor visualization of soft tissues in the pictures, it is reluctant to practice in pediatrics. It depends on the fact that the baby has up to three months of bone consist of cartilaginous tissue, and that's just badly visible in the pictures. Therefore, he is prescribed to children from the age of three months, and most often used for the study of hip joints is ultrasound.
X-ray of the hip joints in infants is carried out with suspicion of congenital or acquired hip dysplasia. In medical practice, three degrees of this problem are distinguished:
During prelitalization, unlike dislocation, there is such a time when the head loses partial contact with the acetabulum. In this case, there is no displacement of the joint, and only symptoms of bone dysplasia arise. X-ray of the hip joint to children at such an early age is prescribed when diagnosed with delayed development of the joint or its deviation from the norm. Such a problem requires mandatory observation.
The sooner the doctor prescribes this type of examination, the better it can help your child with effective treatment.
Treatment will restore the anatomical rate and good functional ability. The first and the main signs of hip dysplasia in infants: a limited hip allocation on the side of the affected area, the asymmetry of the folds on the hips. During the dislocation, the hip is shortened, and if you try to take it aside, you can hear a characteristic click. Another common indication for X-rays in children is hip joint trauma, arthritis, arthrosis, suspicion of neoplasm, other abnormalities.
Where and who appoints the study?
This problem is dealt with by children's orthopedists, traumatologists, pediatricians and radiologists. X-rays to children can be done in a public hospital or private clinic, that is, where there is a special apparatus for this. In order to prevent the development of pathology, it is necessary to undergo a thorough diagnosis in the early stages of a child's life, which includes a full examination. But you can not exclude and instrumental research. Is the preparation for the procedure necessary? Special preparation from the patient is not required. A specialist in preparation should prepare a special lead apron, which closes the patient's body from excessive exposure. Despite the fact that many experts for X-rays, mummies are still against it. But lovely ladies, you must understand that X-rays are considered to be an accurate method for diagnosing problems associated with the hip joint and establishes a diagnosis with 70% accuracy.
Yes, X-rays are harmful, as the radiological load on the children's body occurs, and further development of hematological pathologies or changes in the cancer profile may occur. But on the other hand, if the expert is competent, he will do the minimum dosage of irradiation, and the procedure will be carried out with a minimum dose of harm for a small patient. Those children who have not reached the age of three months should refuse to conduct such a procedure and give preference to ultrasound examination.
Up to one year of age, an X-ray can be performed, but only with a clear control of the dosage of incoming radiation. But it is better to give preference to ultrasound at this time. And after a year - it's safe to do an x-ray. In the first months of life, the baby is difficult to diagnose dysplasia of the hip joints, since his muscles are still atrophied. The only indicator of the presence of such a problem is a characteristic click.
Principle of themethodology
Before taking an X-ray to a small child, you need to consider that they have cartilage instead of bones, and therefore it is impossible to fully see the entire joint cavity. In this regard, there are certain schemes. After getting the picture, the doctor needs to make the right conclusion, for this use the scheme of Hilgenreiner. With its help it is possible to analyze the indices of the joint in the baby, such as the acetabular angle, the distance from the Hilgenrainer line to the metaphyseal plates( h) and the bottom of the vestibular cavity to h( the value of d).
The acebular angle is two parallel lines that pass through the ipsilone-shaped cartilage. In the normal state, this angle is 30 degrees. This indicator refers to children under three months. After three months - reduced to 20 degrees. The value of h, if located incorrectly, can mean the displacement of the head of the hip, in the normal position it should be on a segment from 9 to 12 cm.
If this indicator is less or more, then the child has a pathological process. If the distance from the bottom of the acetabulum to the value of h is not 15 mm, then this also indicates the presence of problems. This scheme allows you to study and give the right conclusion, thanks to it you can suspect the most minor changes and pathologies. For a more accurate study use additional lines of Shenton and Calvet.
- Firstly, it is impossible to carry out X-ray diagnostics if the immune system is broken, since it is likely that after that it will be necessary to turn to hematologists for help, as there will be changes in the bone marrow.
- Secondly, if a child has a predisposition to oncological diseases, namely, radiation sickness.
- Thirdly, with extreme caution, it is necessary to do X-rays to children who have severe metabolic defects, during weak tissue nutrition and with obvious atrophy.
If possible, try to abandon the X-ray, because a small body is not really protected from X-rays. Do not spoil his health with this method of diagnosis. The last word, of course, will be for the parents, but it's worth noting that not always the harm is worth the healing of an innate dislocation.
In the end I would like to note that this method of research is considered the main and indispensable for diagnosing joint dysplasia in children. But in spite of the fact that it is harmful, only the x-ray is able to give a clear picture, thanks to which it is possible to determine the correct direction in the treatment.
When and how do X-rays to newborns and infants
X-rays to newborns are a necessary medical measure that is taken when suspicions of a fracture or dislocation arise. This procedure is usually painless and fast enough.
What is radiography?
The term "X-ray" should be understood as a special procedure whose purpose is to "scan" individual parts of the human body with the help of gamma radiation.
Especially X-ray helps in cases where there is a suspicion of fracture, sprain, or a serious dislocation, then the doctor understands what treatment should be taken.
However, despite the advice of specialists, many parents still refuse radiography. This is because we have a stereotype for a long time: it's dangerous to take pictures, a visit to the radiologist's office threatens with serious irradiation, which in the future will lead to cancer. In fact, this is not so. If you take pictures in a strictly designated time and do not exceed the normalized radiation dose, the procedure will not do any harm.
How and why do X-rays to newborns?Warning: Read more. ..
If your child is assigned an X-ray, you should pay special attention to this procedure. The organism of infants is still not strong and formed, so any outside interference that is not agreed with the doctor and not considered by the parents can lead to negative consequences.
Usually X-rays are made in a specially equipped office, which is located in a private clinic or public hospital. In no event can you trust dubious medical institutions offering their services in social networks. Remember that a snapshot of a newborn can only be done by a doctor with high qualifications.
Snapshot for a child is done exactly in the same conditions as for a newborn. Sometimes you may need a special bandage to fix certain parts of the body or special pads that protect against radiation.
The procedure takes 20-30 minutes, after which parents are given a black and white picture, which is further deciphered by a specialist. The result is entered in the patient's card. If you have the opportunity to save a picture, try to put it in a safe place: it may be necessary for a repeated diagnosis.
The child is assigned an X-ray in those cases when there was a certain trauma. Sometimes pictures are taken and in order to detect congenital or acquired pathologies in the body. They appear in the process of giving birth or in the womb, when the fetus is not sufficiently protected or could be in a critical situation.
Quite often newborns experience nasal trauma, especially during childbirth. Although it is extremely undesirable to take a picture of the head, radiography is the only way out. During the diagnosis, the baby's face is protected, the parents must follow the condition.
Another type of X-ray is computed tomography. It is considered more sparing and is prescribed to many patients, even the smallest. In this case, the diagnosis not only shows if there are dislocations and fractures, but also shows purulent and inflammatory processes in the human body.
When can not I do research?
Despite all the advantages, radiography is not recommended for all small patients. This is due to the fact that gamma radiation can cause harm, which can affect the further development of the body. Here are some violations in which gamma radiation is not shown:
- Close arrangement of organs.
- Uneven development of paired organs( kidneys, lungs).
- Individual violations.
It is strictly forbidden to do x-rays to boys( testicles) and girls( the thyroid and genital area).If this recommendation is violated, the child may develop pathological diseases that can even lead to infertility and cancer. X-rays can not be done more often than once a year. If a repeat procedure is still necessary, parents should discuss this with the pediatrician.
ultrasound or X-ray examination?
Sometimes doctors recommend that a baby do not X-ray, and ultrasound. The ultrasound study is very popular among pediatricians and can reveal many pathologies.
Most often, ultrasound is prescribed when a pediatrician has suspicions of a violation of the structure of the hip joints, dysplasia, etc. The bones of the newborn are not strong enough and developed, so they can be perfectly scanned with ultrasound.
Another plus of ultrasound is its relatively low cost. Radiography and computed tomography may not be possible for all parents. Therefore, they opt for a simpler and more accessible diagnosis.IMPORTANT TO KNOW!Doctors are dumbfounded! Pain in the joints is on the 2nd day! Just before bedtime. .. Read on - & gt; Warning: Statistical data show that more than 70% of people are infected to varying degrees by parasites to be taken out in the morning. ..
Anatomy of pathology
Even in absolutely healthy children,only the newly born, the structure of TBS is not fully formed structure( immaturity), with this, and associated possible problems.
For reference. The immaturity of the hip joint in the infant( type 2a) is a physiological component, a concept that includes delayed development of the joint due to various causes. Dysplasia - initially wrong formation of TBS.Both of these concepts were previously united into one, and the treatment was the same. However, it should be remembered that the line between the two diseases is very thin and if you do not start to observe the newborn with the diagnosis of "hip joint development( type 2a)" in time, you can get all the "delights" of dysplasia with all the ensuing consequences.
The ligament system in children has such differences from adult TBS:
- Newborns have a large vertical articulation in the joint.
- Newborn ligaments are more elastic.
- In the newborn, the acetabulum has a more flattened structure.
The femur does not move upwards due to the limbus( cartilaginous plate of the articular cavity).If there are congenital disorders in the development of the joint( underdevelopment), the hollow becomes flatter. Excessive elasticity prevents the bundles from holding the TBS head in one position. In case of violations in its development, the shape, size, and overall geometry of the bones may change.
If the time does not begin treatment and do not correct the congenital dysplasia( immaturity) in children, the limbus turns out with a shift up. Strongly deforming, it is no longer able to hold the head inside the acetabulum. The slightest careless movement of the baby can lead to subluxation and even dislocation.
Forms of the disease
The immaturity of TBS in newborns has several varieties:
- Acetabular( congenital pathology of the acetabulum).
Immature dysplastic joint of newborns( type 2a according to the Earl) is a fairly common phenomenon. If the elasticity of the ligaments and the changes in the centralization of the head in the acetabulum have slight deviations, the usual therapeutic massage plus charging quickly corrects this deviation. Practically all children in the first month of life can have this or that degree( more often they put type 2a) underdevelopment( immaturity) of the hip joint. Therefore, the examination of babies starts from the second month, when the tendency of cartilaginous strengthening of TBS is already visible. If serious anxiety occurs earlier, an unscheduled ultrasound is performed( according to Graf - an underdeveloped dysplastic joint of newborns - type 2a).
- Femoral dysplasia in the proximal part.
Congenital disorders of bone development in the proximal part( underdevelopment) are changes in the neck-diaphyseal angle. The indicator is calculated along the line connecting the centers of the neck and the head of the femur, and along the line of the diaphysis. Detecting the pathology in children can have a frontal X-ray.
- Rotational dysplasia( immaturity).
In girls, hypoplasia of the hip joints is 5 times more common than in boys.
This developmental disorder, which changes the angle between the TBS axis and the knee axis( in the horizontal plane).Geometric anatomical measurements in a healthy person have the following indicators: in infants - about 35 °, in children by three years - 25 °, in an adult - 15 °.With age, the angle decreases due to the vertical position of the body. With excessive antithesis( a change in the degree of angle), the centering of TBS in the acetabulum is impaired.
Congenital malformations of the joints in children may be a consequence of the course of the mother's pregnancy, so the following factors affect the occurrence of pathologies:
- Treatment with potent drugs during pregnancy.
- Acute leaking toxicosis.
- Presence of chronic diseases in pregnant women.
- Family predisposition.
Underdevelopment of hip joints in newborns: treatment( photo)
When a couple becomes parents, their happiness is no limit. But, sometimes it is eclipsed by some diseases that are often found in newborns. Let's take a closer look at the immaturity of the hip joints, why it arises, how to define it, and what treatment to take to make the baby healthy.Table of contents: to contents ↑
What is the hip joint?
The hip joint is the largest and strongest joint in the human body. It consists of a head of the femur and a large part of the neck of the femur. Underdevelopment of the hip joint in newborns develops due to the fact that the articular cavity is flattened, is located vertically, and the ligaments are excessively elastic. Since during the growth of the child the articular apparatus experiences great loads, very often serious and not very pathologies develop. An important fact! Based on statistical data, it can be said that birth defects of hip joints in newborns are most often found in girls. Pathology occurs in babies born with a small weight - less than 2400 grams, as well as in crumbs, which were born in pelvic presentation.
Degeneration of joints in newborns can be detected by the following symptoms:
- One leg may be shorter than the second;
- There is one more crease in the hip area;
- Buttocks and gluteal folds asymmetric;
- Asymmetric skin folds when the legs are withdrawn;
- A doctor or parents can not fully remove the knees bent in the knees;
- When the legs are bent in the joints, clicks are heard.
If at least one of the above symptoms is detected in newborns, the baby should be examined by an orthopedist, since the disease can develop very quickly and progress.
If suspected of hip dysplasia, an ultrasound examination should be performed to show the state of the cartilage protrusion, the joint head, and the cavity. To babies over half a year the doctor can appoint or nominate a roentgen of joints.
The most important thing is to timely detect underdevelopment of the hip joints in order to start treatment as early as possible. If defects are detected immediately after the birth of the baby, with adequate and correct treatment by six months, you can completely cope with them. If dysplasia was found after six months of the baby, it would take at least five years to pass the course of treatment. If the disease is found after a year, when the baby does its first little steps, it will be almost completely rid of the disease. But, you can try.
This disease is treated with conservative and surgical methods. Treatment with conservative methods:
- With the help of the pillow of Freik;
The pediatric neurologist or orthopedist should determine the treatment and the timing. A massage should be performed only by a highly qualified specialist. Thanks to massage movements, it is possible to prevent secondary dystrophy of the muscles, as well as blood supply in the joint improves and the pathological phenomenon is eliminated. When you massage, you need to stroke the entire body of the baby with sliding movements. It is also useful to rub the skin with a shift. The massage should last at least ten minutes.
It is useful to carry out a newborn medical gymnastics. Treatment with the help of exercise therapy will help strengthen the muscles of the joints, as well as help the baby physically and mentally develop well. In a complex with gymnastics it is recommended to perform physiotherapeutic procedures, for example, the use of warm baths, mud treatment, paraffin applications, underwater massage.
Treatment using Pavlik's stirrups is as follows. These structures allow you to hold the feet and shins. The belt should fit tightly on the body, but it is important that it does not squeeze the skin.
Treatment with Freik's pillow takes place through the use of special medical plastic panties that must support the hip joints in the "frog" position.
With a wide swaddling, the flannel diaper is folded with a rectangle 16 cm wide, which is placed between the sideways and bent legs.to table of contents ↑
When are surgical interventions for dysplasia performed?
For severe defects in the hip joints, operations are indicated. Since any conservative methods will not be effective, and the disease will progress with more force. Operational interventions can be different. In some situations, it is enough to make small incisions, in some cases plastic surgery can not be avoided.
Types of operations with hypoplasia of hip joints in newborns:
- Performing an open reposition of congenital hip dislocation;
- Treatment of dysplasia with endoscopy.
Before the operation in newborns and after it it is important to do massage, therapeutic gymnastics and physiotherapy. In addition, the doctor will prescribe special drugs that will improve the baby's condition and help him recover as soon as possible.to the table of contents ↑
Important notes for parents
When finishing the treatment for defects in the hip joints, it is important for children to observe a certain regimen. Doctors strongly recommend continuing to perform gymnastics .It is forbidden to teach babies too early to walk! Under strict prohibition the use of walkers and other similar devices that force walking. When the baby grows a little, it is recommended to wear shoes that will fix the ankle joints.
After the operation, when immaturity of the hip joints in newborns it is important that the kids undergo a full rehabilitation course. These measures should strengthen the muscles;activate recovery processes;and also to adapt the joint to new conditions of dynamics and statics.
Rehabilitation is performed through the use of physiotherapy, physiotherapy and medications.to table of contents ↑
The pre-acute is a first-degree dysplasia in a newborn. With this pathology, the hip joint was not completely able to form, but the head is in its place. The treatment is the following - it is important for the baby to swaddle wide. If this is not enough, you need to resort for help to the pillow of Freik or tire-strut. It is highly recommended to perform to the child therapeutic gymnastics, physiotherapy, massage. Fix the hip joint until the dysplasia of the first degree is completely eliminated. If the prelumed hip has not been cured, the doctors will have to undergo an operation.to table of contents ↑
We treat a subluxation of the hip joint
With the subluxation of the hip joint in the newborn, the femoral head is partially displaced relative to the acetabulum. Treatment of dysplasia of the second degree consists in using the Pavlik stirrup, which will reliably fix the problematic part of the thigh. When the stirrups are removed, the toddler should be inspected by an orthopedist who assesses the condition of the disease and prescribes a course of special exercises and physiotherapy.to table of contents ↑
Treat hip joint
A dislocation of the hip joint is the third degree of dysplasia. With this disease, the femoral head is completely displaced from its location. Treatment consists in operative intervention. After the operation, after a couple of months, you can completely fix the joint in place. The most important thing is not to self-medicate! Act only with the orthopedist. After the dislocation is successfully adjusted, the baby needs to undergo a comprehensive rehabilitation, which consists of massage, physiotherapy and exercises that strengthen the joints in the hip area.
Measures for the prevention of defects in the hip joint
To prevent the development of hip joint disease in newborns it is important:
- Systematically show the baby to a neurologist and orthopedist;
- Perform an ultrasound examination of the joints;
Hip dysplasia in newborns: photo, treatment, gymnastics
Quite often newborn dysplasia of the hip joint is a defect in which the function of the musculoskeletal system is impaired. In most cases, the wrong location of the neck and the head of the femur is detected. Early detection of the disease contributes to the rapid treatment of , and does not have any negative effects on the body and life of the little man.IMPORTANT TO KNOW!Doctors are dumbfounded! The pain in the joints is FOREVER!Just before bedtime. .. Read on - & gt;
Causes of dysplasia in newborns
The causes of dysplasia in newborns have not been studied in sufficient detail. Therefore, even with a visible safe pregnancy and excellent health of the baby, having suspected something wrong, you need to show it to the orthopedist. In general, specialists identified four main groups of reasons:
- tissue formation disorder. Previously, the incidence of such lesions was 2-3%.But now, due to the deteriorating ecological situation, their share has increased to 12%.Disease, which appears for this reason, is very difficult to treat;
- genetically based factors. They have about 25-30% of the total number of ailments. Transmission of the pathological gene is carried out directly along the mother's line;
- underdevelopment of the spinal cord. It also manifests itself in back pain and disorders in the brain. For this reason, hip dysplasia in newborns is diagnosed often;
- hormonal disorders. The female hormone progesterone, produced in huge quantities in the last weeks of gestation, provokes a loosening of the ligament apparatus. The disease that has arisen as a result of this is approximately 30-40% of the total number of all cases.
In accordance with the reasons for this deviation from the norm, several risk factors are identified. First of all, these are unfavorable conditions for the course of the first weeks of intrauterine maturation. These include intoxication( including pronounced early toxicosis), transferred viral infections, living in an ecologically unfavorable area, the effects of ionizing radiation.
May affect the appearance of pathology and weighed family heredity. No less important are the increased tone of the uterus, large fetus, pelvic presentation or low water. The lack of vitamins B and E, iodine, phosphorus, calcium and iron in the pregnant woman's diet also play an important role.
Symptoms of dysplasia in newborns
Usually, the child with disruptions in the development of joints does not have unpleasant sensations and because of his behavior he does not claim discomfort - he is calm and does not act up.
Therefore, the parents themselves are very seldom suspected of a problem and more often it is detected by a doctor during the examination of the baby. There are a number of standard signs that help determine the presence of the disease:
- asymmetry of skin folds. This is easily verified by placing the child on his back with his legs straightened and straightened. Then three distinct folds are indicated on the inner surface;
- is a click symptom. It is found even with a mild anomaly in almost all cases, but disappears already on the 8th-9th day of life. It most clearly indicates the instability of the joint;
- relative limb shortening. It is determined only with a strong dislocation in the following way: the baby is put on the back and the legs are bent, and the feet are placed on the surface of the table. In the case of a shortened limb, the knees will be located at different heights;
- limitation of the hip extension. It talks about muscle dystrophy and bone formation disorders and at the mild stages of the disease, hip dysplasia in infants is not manifested;
- external rotation of the thigh. The shank shift is inward, and this has the least diagnostic significance.
Sometimes the underdevelopment of the musculoskeletal system becomes noticeable when the toddler turns year and parents pay attention to the abnormality of the gait. This is the most undesirable option, since here it is impossible to do without operational intervention.
Stages of dysplasia in newborns
The condition of the musculoskeletal system of the baby is largely predetermined by the age at which it begins to turn over, sit down, crawl, walk and run. Therefore it is important to know in time what it is.
Hip dysplasia in newborns - photos can be viewed on the Internet, classified by specialists depending on the severity of the abnormality:
- immaturity of the hip joint. It is a boundary condition between pathology and norm. Clinical signs of violations are absent. However, ultrasound examination shows small deviations, in particular, flattening of the cavity;
- predlocated. At this stage, the symptoms of disturbance in the development of the joints are expressed, but the abnormality of their location is not observed;
- subluxation. Displacement of the head of the bone, partially located in the acetabulum. In addition, there is a violation of the seizure itself;
- dislocation. The head of the thigh is all outside the indentation.
Diagnosis of dysplasia in newborns
To correctly diagnose the presence of the disease, it is important to completely pass a medical examination. It is necessary to start it with a careful collection of anamnesis - data on the course of pregnancy and the state of health of both mother and other family members. Then the baby is tested by palpation and, if necessary, other measures - ultrasound and radiography.
Inspection is best done immediately after birth, since in the future the diagnosis will be much more difficult. The most difficult to detect in infants dysplasia of the hip joints of the 1st degree.
Then, when a manual examination is heard a strong click, and skin folds are asymmetric.
The subluxation is easy to determine if the child does not manage to withdraw the thigh, the click is heard while moving the leg, and the asymmetry of the skin folds is also visible. Dislocation manifests itself most vividly, thanks to which parents can notice it. But on receipt of any result, confirmation of the diagnosis requires additional methods of examination.
For detection of signs of illness in infants up to 3 months of age, they are required to undergo ultrasound. This method is absolutely safe and provides enough information to confirm the diagnosis. During the exercise, attention is drawn to the condition of the bones, cartilage and their location. The angle of the groove is also studied, which indicates the level of its maturation.
For infants, X-ray diagnostic is practically not used, since it is more informative since seven months. In the smallest, most of the femoral formation is not visible due to the fact that it consists of cartilaginous tissue. Therefore, a special layout is created, which allows you to accurately calculate the angle of the cavity and the hip shift. You can also know in time about ossification of the femoral head.
Treatment and prevention of dysplasia in newborns
There are varying degrees of hip dysplasia in infants - the treatment that should be performed may be conservative or operative according to this.
All the necessary measures will be prescribed by an orthopedist. And parents will have to have patience - complex therapy is continuous, time-consuming and rarely causes positive emotions in the baby.
Conservative treatment of
It has long been noted - during the position of the limbs in the allotted state, the correct position of the bones and self-direction of the dislocation are observed. This helps to prevent muscle dystrophy and improve blood supply in the affected limb, which in turn contributes to the speedy elimination of pathology. This feature is the basis for the methods of conservative treatment:
- therapeutic gymnastics. Various methods treat hip dysplasia in newborns - gymnastics plays an important role. As its main exercises use the flexion - extension of the legs together and alternately, their dilution;
- massage. Massage begins with stroking by sliding movements on the surface of the body. Then they do rubbing with a shift of the skin. The duration of one procedure is about 10 minutes;
- of Pavlik stirrups. They consist of a chest belt and foot parts holding the feet and shins. It is required to watch, that the belt tightly adjoined to a body, but was not close;
- pillow of the Freik. Proper placement of the legs is necessary to get rid of the disease of hip dysplasia in newborns - treatment with plastic panties supports them in the "frog" position;
- wide swaddling. The usual flannel diaper is formed in the form of a rectangle with a width of 15 - 17 cm. It is placed between the sideways and bent legs.
The most important thing is not to interrupt procedures yourself, without consulting with an expert. Among other things, for a long time it is forbidden to put the child on the legs, as this can nullify all efforts.
Operations in detecting dysplasia are indicated if the joint structure is severely disrupted and mild treatment will be knowingly ineffective.
It is also used when the displacement can not be changed without surgical intervention. Surgical intervention is of varying volume and complexity: from a small incision to plastic surgery.
Postoperative rehabilitation period and preoperative preparation in newborns include massage, exercise therapy, physical therapy. In addition, prescribe drugs that improve the condition of the newborn.
Prophylaxis of dysplasia involves mainly prevention of pregnancy pathologies. This is due to the fact that they are less amenable to treatment and the most severe lesions are caused by disorders associated with early embryonic development. If possible, it is necessary to prevent and mismanagement of the pregnant woman .
Often the disease is not diagnosed on time, and therefore parents should be aware that the tight swaddling of the baby is fraught with undesirable consequences. Many pediatricians recommend not to do this, but from the birth to wear it and cover it with a sheet. Such care allows the baby to move freely, to rip bone faster, and to properly install the head of the hip.
Today, one of the most common diseases of newborn dysplasia of the hip joint - treatment it must be done in the early stages. After , the residual effects of the disorder can unexpectedly appear in adulthood, and cause the development of severe pathological processes. Observance of the orthopedist's recommendations will make it possible to reduce the likelihood of such consequences.