A severe type of pathological changes in the structural links of the spinal column caused by dystrophic disorders is commonly called osteochondrosis in medicine. A common osteochondrosis is a kind of pathological process in which not one but two or more parts of the spine are involved. This form of disease affects more than 12% of patients with a diagnosis of osteochondrosis.
People are more often sick after forty years, but at the moment the tendency of "rejuvenation" of a widespread osteochondrosis is clearly traced. In this case, the disease of the lumbar and cervical spine is usually combined. Adding the same and osteochondrosis of the thoracic region considerably burdens the patient's morbid state. Therefore, it is necessary to contact a neurologist at the first signs of ill health.
Symptoms of the disease
The common spinal osteochondrosis in each department has a characteristic symptomatology, which together leads to the development of a severe clinical picture of the disease. Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine:
- dizziness, unstable blood pressure, headache;
- exhausting pain and numbness in the region of the neck, shoulders, between the shoulder blades, with the transition to the upper limbs and chest;
- failure in the coordination of movement, hearing and vision;
- in severe manifestations of hyperemia of the skin, tenderness of the teeth, coarsening of the timbre of the voice and so on.
Symptoms of a common osteochondrosis in the thoracic spine:
- intercostal neuralgia, capable of simulating heart pain, characteristic of coronary heart disease - severe pain with difficulty breathing;
- limited mobility of the neck and hands;
- increased pain during sneezing, coughing, and other abrupt movements;
- disorders in the functioning of internal organs;
Symptoms manifested by the lumbar spine:
- pain in the lumbar region, transient in the gluteal region and legs;
- burning, "numbness", cooling in the lumbar region and limbs;
- muscle weakness with their spasm in the painful zone;
- hampered motor function to its absolute impossibility;
- problems with urination and evacuation of the intestine, and with exacerbation of the process, on the contrary, incontinence of urine and stool.
Causes and consequences of the disease
The causes of the formation of a widespread osteochondrosis of the spine are possible in a variety of ways and, at first glance, they are not at all similar to each other, but leading to the same consequences - diseases affecting the motor apparatus. Among them are the following factors:
- traumatic spine injuries;
- flat foot and club foot;
- the habit of standing with the support of one limb;
- work with long motor and static loads, with the lifting of heavy weights( greater than the body can overpower);
- sports training sessions, accompanied by jerky exercises( in weightlifting, for example, or in wrestling) without proper medical supervision;
- work in adverse weather conditions( in frost with high humidity).Of course, such a serious disease as a common osteochondrosis can not but affect the body as a whole. It entails equally serious consequences - the deformation of the intervertebral discs and the bodies of the vertebrae itself or the joints with the growth of the spike-like or schporiform formations that extend beyond it and injure the muscles and peripheral endings of the nerves, causing severe pain.
Very often pain in the chest area is taken for a heart attack, and in the sacral region - for lumbar radiculitis. In fact, both these options are manifestations of osteochondrosis of the thoracic and lumbar spine.
What is the danger of widespread osteochondrosis
In this severe disease, a painful process often spreads, in addition to the spine, to the hip and even knee joints of the limbs. Neurological disruptions are also possible, vegetation disorders - impaired breathing, blood supply, urination. There are malfunctions in the work of internal organs, there are interruptions in metabolic processes.
It goes without saying that the quality of life with the prevalent osteochondrosis deteriorates sharply, it provokes much more frequent exacerbations than its local variety, say, the common osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Causes, symptoms, treatment of common osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis is a metabolic disorder in the human body, which primarily affects the intervertebral discs, causing a number of pathological changes in them. This pathology is degenerative-dystrophic in nature and most often leads to the appearance of radiculitis.
The disease is common enough. All because the current way of life is a huge stress factor for our body. Methods of prevention though well researched, but ineffective.
To deal with this pathology, it is necessary to study its classification. There are several basic classifications that clinicians use during the diagnosis.
So, depending on the localization of the lesion, the following are distinguished:
- mixed. In some cases, this form is gaining a generalized character, and a separate form is distinguished-widespread.
Depending on the extent of the lesion, a mono-segmental and a polysegmentary form is distinguished. A common osteochondrosis refers to a polysegmentary form.
Etiology and pathogenesis of
This form of osteochondrosis is undoubtedly the most difficult among all. After all, one thing is when a degenerative-dystrophic process affects only one or two intervertebral discs, and quite another, when all the intervertebral discs are immediately affected.
Because of this prevalence of the process, the symptoms of the pathology will be clearly expressed and immediately cause the patient to seek help.
Extensive osteochondrosis is rarely manifested by clinical symptoms. For him, his complications, developed radiculitic neuralgia, do this.
Most common osteochondrosis of the spine occurs with systemic pathologies, since point lesions rarely extend to the entire spine. But it is worth noting that in the case of a significant decrease in the protective functions of the body, even the smallest point pathology can lead to the spread of the process to the entire spine.
The most common causes of common osteochondrosis:
- systemic autoimmune diseases;
- congenital anomalies of the spine or connective tissue;
- is some form of cancer;
- severe infectious diseases of the spine;
- extensive spine trauma;
- blood poisoning;
- other point diseases, but only in case of a decrease in the protective mechanisms of the body.
Identification of the real cause of the disease is very important, because only in the case of a correctly defined etiology can an effective treatment be prescribed.
The development of the lesion begins after the effect of the harmful factor on intercostal disks. Against the background of pathogenic action, damage to cartilaginous tissue immediately develops. It produces toxic substances and harmful metabolites, which cause irreparable damage to the intervertebral discs.
Damage to intercostal disks leads to a change in their properties and shape. Our body is practically not adapted to the loss of function of intervertebral discs, so immediately irreparable damage occurs.
First of all, the spinal nerves are jammed, which move away from the spinal cord and are directed to the innervation zones through the intervertebral foramen.
If they are infringed, immediately begins inflammation of the nerve fiber and ejection of pain mediators. These substances, even in very small doses, can cause severe pain, which will sharply worsen the patient's condition. It is at this stage that the first signs of lesion of the spine appear, which makes it necessary to seek professional help.
Clinical manifestations and the basics of
treatment As it was said before, the first signs of intervertebral disc damage appear late. Painful sensations can be very intense, because all spinal nerves are affected simultaneously. Pain of this intensity can cause even painful shock.
Regardless of the spread of the process, pain characteristics should be detailed for each department of the spine.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is characterized by an ascending irradiation of pain. If you understand, the pain in the neck arises even less often than her irradiation into the lower jaw and head. The cervical section is very thin and fragile in its anatomical structure, which explains why the pain begins precisely from the cervical region.
Pathology of intervertebral discs of the thoracic spine leads to the formation of intercostal neuralgia. This form of pain has a predominantly stitching sharp character. Because of its anatomical features, the pain spreads along the intercostal spaces, because it is through them that the spinal nerves are directed to the sternum.
When intercostal neuralgia, doctors often make a mistake. After all, neuralgia with lesions of the thoracic region very much resembles pain syndromes in case of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, pleurisy, lung infarction, pulmonary thromboembolism.
Lesion of intervertebral discs of the lumbar region often imitates renal colic, peritonitis, acute appendicitis, ectopic pregnancy. Therefore, it is very important to be able to differentiate these pains. Lumbar osteochondrosis causes specific pain - lumbago and sciatica.
Other symptoms of this pathology are less frequent and very fuzzy. Therefore, their isolation has no diagnostic value.
Diagnosis of the disease begins with an anamnesis and an objective examination of the patient. When interviewing, it is worth paying attention to the localization of pain and the sequence of development. An anamnesis of life will allow to suspect or exclude some possible causes of osteochondrosis.
Treatment consists of two main parts. The first thing you need to get rid of a pain attack, which can be achieved by the appointment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
The subsequent treatment depends on etiology and is considered exclusively for each patient individually.
Common osteochondrosis: causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease
Common osteochondrosis is a severe form of degenerative-dystrophic processes that affect several parts of the spinal column. A similar diagnosis is made by almost 12% of patients with osteochondrosis. Untimely treatment of a common form of the disease can lead to the development of generalized osteochondrosis.
Danger of a common osteochondrosis
This disease, like a common osteochondrosis of the spine, often spills over the region of the hip and knee joints, which significantly worsens the patient's condition and requires doctors to take a professional approach to treatment.
The started stage of the disease affecting several parts of the spine can cause the development of neurological disorders, autonomic disorders and the appearance of pathologies of internal organs in conjunction with the violation of metabolic processes.
The common and global problem of modern medicine is the widespread osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, accompanied by the defeat of the cervical, lumbar and sacral segments. This disease occurs more often in people of working age, which significantly reduces their quality of life and, accordingly, work capacity.
Reasons for the development of common osteochondrosis:
- The effect of rheumatoid factor - the presence of osteoarthritis of large joints;
- The presence of osteochondrosis - the defeat of one part of the spinal column provokes the development of degenerative changes in the adjacent segments, increasing the load on them.
To the reasons for the development of an especially severe form of osteochondrosis can also be attributed to age-related changes, operations and injuries of the spine, increased physical activity, dystrophy of the muscular corset and ligamentous apparatus, disturbance of metabolic processes and unbalanced nutrition.
Common osteochondrosis of the spine is a symptom that can change throughout the day, usually accompanied by severe pain in various vertebral departments. In the morning, the patient may be disturbed by discomfort in the neck, and in the evening there may be lumbago lumbago, which impedes movement.
The symptomatology of the disease is so broad that its symptoms can be grouped together:
- Vegetative disorders - increased sweating or complete absence, impairment of respiratory functions and blood supply, difficulty urinating;
- Orthopedic disorders - stiffness, restriction of movements in the spine;
- Static disorders - displacement of individual vertebrae;
- Dysfunction of the digestive tract, genitourinary and cardiovascular system;
- Neurological disorders - irritability, depressive states and nervous tics;
- Pain syndrome - localization in one department of the spine or at once in several.
Increased muscle tone can lead to local disturbances in metabolic processes in the body. The metabolic disturbance leads to oxygen starvation and swelling. To influence local signs of this disease there is no sense, therefore as with time the symptoms will gain strength. If there are signs of a common osteochondrosis, it is recommended to consult a doctor for advice and get the recommended diagnosis and treatment.
Diagnostic measures and methods of struggle
Common osteochondrosis treatment, which must be controlled by a doctor, is a chronic pathology. In order to exclude the transition of pathological processes to other parts of the spine should not be delayed with treatment. If there are signs of a common form of dystrophic changes in the spine, the following measures are prescribed:
- X-ray examination of all vertebral parts;
- Computed tomography;
Common spinal osteochondrosis: symptoms of the cause and treatment
Osteochondrosis is a rather serious and insidious disease that affects so many people. There are different types depending on the location of the affected segment of the spine. The most serious form of this disease is a common osteochondrosis. This degenerative disease of the spine, in which a person develops several types of osteochondrosis in different parts of the spine. If all departments are involved in the process, then this speaks of a generalized osteochondrosis.A new look at the treatmentAs the former "hard worker" was able to get rid of arthritis and osteochondrosis for a month. .. More. ..
Common osteochondrosis occurs in 12% of the total number of all cases of the disease. However, with every decade the number of cases is constantly growing. A common osteochondrosis is considered a very dangerous disease and makes life much more difficult for a person, since the whole spine is involved in the pathological process. This disease represents a global and urgent problem of modern medicine. A common osteochondrosis affects mainly people of working age, which contributes significantly to loss of efficiency.
Basic causes of
- The rheumatoid factor is among the causes of this disease. It manifests itself in the form of osteoarthrosis of large joints, which is found in most of the common osteochondrosis.
- Also common osteochondrosis can develop as a result of the already existing osteochondrosis of one of the departments. For example, lumbar osteochondrosis leads to increased stress on the cervical and thoracic areas, thereby provoking the appearance of osteochondrosis and in them.
- The reasons for the common osteochondrosis include age changes, previous operations on the spinal column, traumas, increased physical stress on the spinal column, weakness of the muscular corset due to the inactive lifestyle and ligament apparatus surrounding the spine, improper nutrition, metabolic disorders.
Each part of the spine causes its symptoms, and in turn together they form a picture of severe pathology. With such a disease, pain disturbs a person almost every minute. They can constantly change their location during the day. For example, in the morning the neck hurts, in the daytime the chest, in the evening the lower back. Sometimes the pain can cover the entire back, there may be sharp lumbago, after which it becomes difficult to move.
The spectrum of symptoms is so wide that it is possible to talk about groups of symptoms that are manifested by common osteochondrosis:
- Violation of sweating, breathing, blood supply, urination( symptoms of vegetative disturbance).
- Feeling of stiffness, limitation of spinal activity( symptoms of orthopedic disorders).
- Change in the position of individual vertebrae( symptoms of static disorders).
- Disorders in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, genitourinary system.
- Depression, irritability, nervous tic( symptoms of neurological disorders).
- Pain sensations either in one department of the spine, or in several.
- There may also be a local disturbance in metabolism due to increased tonus of individual muscles.
When the prevalent osteochondrosis of the spine is broken blood circulation, which leads to hypoxia, that is, to oxygen starvation, as well as to edema. A common osteochondrosis can cause chest pain, heart, shortness of breath, digestive disorders. Moreover, local elimination of symptoms does not give the desired effect, then the only correct choice is to fully examine and begin treatment.
The disease is chronic and there is an alternation of remissions and exacerbations. It usually appears in one department and gradually spreads to others, and not always to the nearest one. But anxiety is brought mainly by one department of the spine, which is more struck at the moment. A common osteochondrosis is dangerous because it captures not only the spine, but also the knee and hip joints. It affects the work of internal organs, metabolism.
Diagnosis and treatment of
Everyone who is suspected of having such a disease as a common osteochondrosis, and there are all the symptoms, it is necessary to have an x-ray of all parts of the spine. X-ray reveals signs of a decrease in disc height, osteophytes, static changes only in different parts of the spine. The doctor can also appoint CT, MRI, spondylography, myelography and peridography.
Treatment of common osteochondrosis often occurs in a conservative way. It implies a set of measures, which is developed depending on the course of the disease and localization sites. This kind of osteochondrosis requires great efforts, both patient and doctor, than treatment of osteochondrosis of a separate department of the spine. To cope with such a disease will require more effort and more time.
For the treatment of common osteochondrosis, the same measures are required as in the osteochondrosis of one of the departments. This is the elimination of pain syndrome, massage, physiotherapy, physiotherapy exercises. If the treatment is carried out correctly, the patient will change his lifestyle, it will be possible to get rid of the pain in the spine and restore his efficiency. Naturally, you will not be able to perform difficult physical work.
Approximately 7% require surgical intervention. However, the operations are rather difficult and are not always smooth even for excellent surgeons. Recovery can take months or even years. The gym complements the manual techniques, relaxes the muscles and strengthens the ligament-muscular framework around the spinal column. It is very important to comply with all the prescriptions of the doctor to prevent the manifestation of the disease in the future.
Difference between treatment during exacerbation and during remission of
During an attack of pain, it is necessary to take anti-inflammatory and pain medications. Usually, diclofenac, ibuprofen, nimesulide are prescribed. Diuretics are needed to remove edema. Spasm of the vessels will remove the euphyllin, papaverine. Physiotherapeutic procedures with anesthetics are also prescribed. Manual therapy is also very useful in the prevalent osteochondrosis. Its essence lies in the extension, extension and flexion of the spine when using force.
Manual therapy will release the clamped nerve fibers and increase the clearance between them. If there is a displacement of bone elements, then the doctor should return them to their normal state. Only it is necessary to apply to highly qualified specialists, since any manipulations with the spine require special care. If the pain is strong enough, then you need to increase the intervertebral distance. To do this, you need to stretch the spine, wear orthopedic corsets. With increasing pain, Novocain blockades are needed.
Exacerbation should be carried out regular gymnastics. Strong muscles strengthen the whole muscular corset, muscles take on the burden, which falls on the spine. Gymnastic exercises are developed in conjunction with a physician and physician. Also, vitamins and medicines are prescribed, which improve microcirculation. This is pentoxypheline, solcoseryl and others. Assign chondroprotectors, analgesics, antidepressants.
But even when the pains pass, you should not relax, as there can be relapses of osteochondrosis. And in order that this does not happen you need to constantly lead an active lifestyle, perform every day of exercise. Do not make sudden movements and jerks, avoid increased physical exertion.
So it's impossible to delay with treatment. It should be at the first signs to consult a doctor, follow his recommendations and change your lifestyle. With this disease, not one, but several departments of the spine is affected, so treatment will be long and require patience.
And yet, in 90% of cases doctors prefer not to resort to surgery, but treat a person with conservative methods. The course is traditional medicine, acupuncture, special gymnastic exercises and methods of traditional medicine are also used. It is better to spend a couple of years on conservative treatment than to lie down on the operating table, if there is a possibility to prevent the further development of the disease with the help of traditional therapy.
Osteochondrosis of the spine is a very serious disease. It is characterized by a rather complex treatment and a tendency to relapse. Most often, this pathology affects any one part of the spinal column, but recently the number of patients with localization of the process at one or two points in two or more departments has increased. The disease was called "widespread osteochondrosis", it is more typical for elderly people, but the latter shows an increase in the proportion of patients of working age.
Etiological factors and pathogenesis of the disease
The common, or in other words, generalized chondrosis of the spine is complicated by the fact that in this case there are dystrophic changes of not one intervertebral disc, but several or all of the spine. Such a pathology can not be independent. Most often, it is caused by severe disorders of the immune and endocrine systems. In addition, among the causes in the case history of patients of the profile department, the following are indicated:
- Disturbances in the development of the osteoarticular apparatus, which are caused both by genetic abnormalities and by birth trauma.
- Spine injuries of varying complexity that are received by the patient at different periods of life.
- Tumor processes, especially those that involve bone and cartilaginous tissue.
- Septic conditions.
- Infectious diseases with predominant localization of the inflammatory process in the spine.
- Various immunodeficiency diseases.
It is very important to determine the cause of osteochondrosis in due time, because of this, the methods of therapy largely depend on it.
How is the common osteochondrosis formed? One or more of the above-mentioned factors acts on the human spine, or rather on the intervertebral discs. They begin to break down with the formation of toxic substances, which further strengthen the inflammatory process. The discs of the spine change to such an extent that they protrude into intervertebral hernias. As a consequence, nerve endings are impaired. The main symptom of this process will be pain, it is she who will force the patient to seek qualified help.
Clinical picture and diagnostic measures for the widespread osteochondrosis of the spine
As mentioned above, the onset of the disease will be almost not noticeable. Most often it will be veiled by the symptoms of the disease that caused osteochondrosis. And the pain will be manifested when the destruction of intervertebral discs has already begun. Pain manifestation is variable and depends on the localization of pathology. In addition, for the common form of this disease is characterized by an upward irradiation of pain. How should this be understood?
Osteochondrosis of the cervical department
If the cervical department is included in the process, then the head or even the jaw will be hurt. At the same time, there will not be a strong discomfort in the area of the vertebrae. In the event of a lesion of the spinal column at the level of the chest, the symptoms of intercostal neuralgia appear. It can be of such a nature that even medical professionals in the specialty profession will suspect symptoms of cardiac or respiratory pathology. When the lumbar or sacral parts are included in the process, a clinical picture of the pathological process in the abdominal region or pelvic organs appears. Other manifestations of this disease are quite diverse, and they are not very often detected. Therefore, there is no significant influence on qualitative diagnostics. Consequently, the correctness of the diagnosis depends on the completeness of the history and quality of the objective examination. In addition, it is necessary to conduct a whole list of diagnostic studies:
MRI in osteochondrosis
X-ray examination of the spine as a whole and in several projections. It is on X-ray photographs that it will be clearly visible where the process is localized, the level of damage to the intervertebral discs, and also the presence and size of osteophytes can be characterized.
- To determine the diagnosis, you can assign an MRI or CT .
- Be sure to conduct clinical studies of blood and urine .In the case of manifestation of infectious pathology, which may become an impetus to the development of osteochondrosis, bacteriological investigations of blood are prescribed.
When the diagnosis of a common osteochondrosis is confirmed, treatment is prescribed.
The main directions of therapy
Treatment of a common osteochondrosis in the acute stage is almost the same as that of conventional osteochondrosis. However, it takes considerably longer, because a larger area of the spine is damaged. Since the patient's condition is assessed as quite severe, he is referred for inpatient treatment to the profile department. Upon admission, the following therapy is prescribed:
- We remove pain symptoms. To do this, various kinds of analgesic medications are used. Initially in the form of injections, and then in a tablet form.
- If the pain does not lend itself to relief, a course of local blockades is prescribed. Most often, novocaine is used for this.
- It is also necessary to carry out anti-inflammatory treatment with nonsteroidal drug substances. They perform a dual therapeutic function: eliminate inflammation, and also relieve pain.
- In the presence of significant muscle spasms, muscle relaxants are prescribed. It should be warned that because of the large number of contraindications and possible complications after the use of these drugs, they are prescribed under strict medical supervision only with inpatient treatment.
In addition, the symptomatic treatment of the disease is also applied, which has triggered the development of a common osteochondrosis.
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis
When the acute period is stopped and the patient's condition is stabilized, it is prescribed for further treatment at home. At this stage, from drugs in the injection form, they switch to tableted analogues. In addition, an additional set of physical therapy, massage and physiotherapy. At the same time they are guided by the general state of health of the patient. All these appointments are performed only by medical personnel in the polyclinic or profile departments.
If conservative therapy does not give visible results, as well as in the case of late treatment of a patient, he may be recommended to perform surgical treatment for stabilization of the spine. But this is only in extreme cases, since the operation itself is very traumatic. The postoperative period is quite long and complicated. Therefore, most specialists recommend surgery only in case of large spinal column injuries.
Osteochondrosis of the spine
Osteochondrosis of the spine: symptoms, diseases, treatment.
Osteochondrosis of the spine is a dystrophic lesion or a change beginning with a pulpous nucleus, extending to the fibrous ring and other elements of the vertebral-motor segment. The development of this process in the spine is facilitated by physical exertion, spinal injuries, and hereditary predisposition. The first and main sign of osteochondrosis is local pain in the spine, while its endurance to physical exertion is reduced. In the course of the disease, periods of exacerbation and recovery are identified.
Osteochondrosis of the spine - symptoms
- Constant aching pain in the back;
- Feeling of numbness and numbness in the limbs;
- Strengthening of pain during sudden movements, lifting weights, physical activity, sneezing and coughing;
- Muscle spasms, decreased movements and flexibility;
- There are several departments in the spine, depending on which, the types of osteochondrosis are distinguished.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
People at the age of 40 years old , who lead a sedentary lifestyle, are engaged in mental work or perform strong physical activities are at risk.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine - symptoms
Headache is the main and permanent symptom for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. As a rule, pain occurs in the occiput and moves to the parietal-temporal region, is strengthened by movements of the neck, especially in the morning. Elderly people may lose consciousness with a sharp turn of the head;this is preceded by noise in the ears, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, pain in the arms and shoulders, increasing with exercise. Some can not walk in a coat - it seems unreasonably heavy;
- numbness of the tongue - the movement of the tongue is disrupted during eating, speech is disturbed;
- muscle tension of the neck, accompanied by pain syndrome.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
For the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, medicamental and physiotherapeutic methods( massage, therapeutic gymnastics, acupuncture) are used in the complex.
Drug treatment aims to relieve inflammation and pain, as well as to restore metabolic processes in affected areas. For the removal of inflammation, anti-inflammatory drugs( diclofenac, indomethacin, ketonal, piroxicam) are used, analgesics( ketorol, analgin) are used for analgesia, spasmolytic drugs are used to relieve muscle spasm( midocalam, sirdalud, trental), to improve regeneration of affected tissues, teraflex, aflutop,vitamin B.
Non-drug treatment is performed depending on the stage of the disease. In acute stage the patient needs rest, it is necessary to sleep on a firm bed. In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, ultrasound is used, magnetotherapy. Classes of curative physical culture and swimming in warm water are recommended to patients in the stage of remission and healthy as prevention. Exercises for treatment are selected by the doctor individually.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine is most evident in those who suffer from scoliosis, stoop, do not follow their posture. Because of this, the thoracic vertebrae unnaturally flex, experience great tension along with muscles, ligaments and nerve fibers. This gives impetus to the development of the disease.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine - symptoms
With chest osteochondrosis, the nerve roots, clamped in the narrow intervertebral canal, cause pain in the chest area. She appears unexpectedly, does not give a sigh and resembles a stab in the back. The nature of pain makes one think of a cardiovascular disease, but a cardiologist will not help here. Its cause is a disease of the spine. Sometimes the pain occurs in the stomach, especially after physical exertion, more often in the afternoon.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine - treatment of
In chest osteochondrosis, as a rule, conservative treatment is performed. Surgical intervention is required only if the disc's herniated disc presses the spinal cord.
During the exacerbation of the disease for 2-3 days it is necessary to observe bed rest, apply painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, vasodilating agents. If there are signs of damage to the radicular brain, novocain blockades are performed.
In the stage of remission, daily therapeutic gymnastics is mandatory. Her exercises improve the mobility of the spine, restore bends and strengthen the muscle corset. Swimming is also recommended.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine - is a common type of osteochondrosis, since the lumbar region is the most mobile, assuming heavy loads. Another disadvantageous factor is the sitting position for a long time. At the same time, the load on the intervertebral discs is greater than in the standing position. Especially if we sit in the wrong posture( bending over, hunched, etc.) As a result, intervertebral discs of the lumbar region collapse.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine - symptoms
In patients with lumbar spine, patients are concerned about pain in the lumbar region, lower limbs, and the sacrum, which increase with sharp or awkward movements during weight lifting. Muscle tension occurs in the lower back. Pain decreases when the patient takes a certain forced position or is at rest.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine - treatment of
In lumbar osteochondrosis, individual treatment is strictly necessary under the supervision of a physician. The main methods of treatment are acupuncture, vacuum therapy, moxa therapy. In combination, these procedures have a positive effect and contribute to the restoration of normal microcirculation, eliminating stagnation in the lumbar region, vascular edema and muscle spasms.
Improving the balance of metabolic processes is facilitated by taking phytopreparations. Important is the correction of body weight, since overweight increases the load on the lower back, which exacerbates the disease of osteochondrosis. To achieve a positive effect, 10-15 treatment sessions are sufficient. It is necessary to remember: the sooner to begin treatment, the faster recovery should come.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine
The occurrence of this disease is facilitated by the usual, usual for each action:
- upright and sedentary lifestyle;
- heavy weights, especially with uneven load distribution;
- incorrect posture;
- slight spinal injury;
- deficiency of vitamins and microelements in the body.
In lumbosacral osteochondrosis, the discs partially lose their elasticity, they become sealed, the fibrous rings crack, and the disc partially moves to the place of rupture. So the hernia of the lumbosacral spine begins. This is a serious illness that limits the possibilities and movements of a person . The main method of diagnosis of this disease is transmission: computer or magnetic resonance imaging.
The main symptom of the disease are unexpressed pain and discomfort in the lumbar region. At the time of an attack a person is bent in a healthy direction. Sometimes the patient feels burning or cold in the waist. Scientists distinguish four stages of osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine. Depending on what stage of the disease, treatment is prescribed, which, like in other types of osteochondrosis, includes manual therapy, acupuncture, medical treatment, curative gymnastics, as well as treatment with folk remedies.
Common osteochondrosis is a serious disease in which several parts of the spine are affected at once. With this disease pathology captures except for the spine, hip and sometimes knee joints. In addition, sometimes there are violations of the neurological nature, metabolic disorders, diseases of internal organs. In this disease, there are more frequent exacerbations, the patient's quality of life worsens.
If there is a suspicion of the disease, you need to see a doctor who will prescribe the tests, the necessary examination and begin conservative treatment. Radiography is mandatory, and better MRT of all parts of the spine. In time and correctly conducted treatment will allow to forget about pains for many years, provided that the doctor's prescriptions are observed. Rarely they resort to surgical treatment. Such operations are complex and traumatic, requiring a long recovery.
Polysigmentary osteochondrosis of the spine, in principle the same as the common osteochondrosis. The destruction of the discs occurs in almost all parts of the spine.
The osteochondrosis of the spine, in all its manifestations, requires medical examination and individual treatment.
If you find signs of osteochondrosis, you should consult a doctor.
Treatment of this disease is complex and consists of several components: