Causes, symptoms and effective treatment of spinal arthrosis
Spine arthrosis is a degenerative lesion of the joints, which causes premature wear of the intraarticular cartilage. During a life of a load on joints of a backbone result in their gradual deterioration. When the intervertebral discs wear out, the intervertebral space narrows, which leads to abrasion of the cartilaginous tissue and the formation of cracks in it, through which proteoglycans gradually leave - substances that make the cartilage elastic.
In most cases, arthrosis is accompanied by severe pain, because the bones, deprived of a full cartilage, rub against each other, causing at the slightest movement strong pain sensations. The lack of cartilage, as well as the narrowing of the interarticular spaces in the spine, often causes the pinching of the spinal nerves. Depending on the location of such a pinch, arthrosis may be accompanied by pain in the neck, arms, legs.
Causes of the disease
The main reasons for the development of arthrosis are:
- Age changes in the joints: the disease often develops in people after 50 years.
- Heavy physical work with severe strain on the spine.
- Excess weight is a constant additional burden on the spine and joints.
- Hypodinamy and weak development of muscles.
- Diabetes mellitus, high blood sugar.
- Diseases of the liver, leading to a malnutrition of articular cartilage.
Signs, manifestations and diagnosis of the disease
The following are the main symptoms indicating that the spine is affected by arthrosis:
- Pains when tilted to the sides or back and forth. When a person takes a horizontal position and the load on the vertebrae decreases, such pains gradually subside by themselves.
- Pain is localized in a limited area of the back, in contrast, for example, with pain in the intervertebral hernia.
- Feeling of stiffness in the morning, restraint in movements.
- Discomfort in the back with sedentary work, prolonged sitting causes a sensation of swollen back, a strong irresistible desire to warm up.
Together, these symptoms indicate arthrosis, but only according to these signs can not be diagnosed. For reliable diagnosis, instrumental research methods are used: X-ray, MRI, in some cases, ultrasound of the brain is performed to exclude some other similar symptoms.
If at the clinical examination there were confirmations of pathology - it is urgent to begin treatment.
In the photo - X-ray image
Methods of treatment
Because arthrosis is a serious disease, which in a neglected state leads to disability, therapy must necessarily be complex and versatile. This treatment for arthrosis of the spine includes:
drug treatment( taking drugs inside, injections, ointments, gels);
correction of lifestyle( including exercise therapy, diet);
folk remedies for increasing the effectiveness of basic therapy, reducing the negative side effects of drugs, eliminating the symptoms of the disease;
surgical intervention( if necessary).
For the treatment of the disease, anti-inflammatory and pain medications are prescribed. Usually it is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug( NSAID), which reduces inflammation and pain. Also, the patient with arthrosis of the spine may be prescribed muscle relaxants( drugs that relieve muscle spasm), chondroprotectors( preparations for feeding cartilage tissue) and drugs that improve local blood flow and lymphatic drainage.
Medications are prescribed in injections, tablets, droppers. When the disease is exacerbated, injections directly into the affected area are most effective. For local treatment, anti-inflammatory and anesthetic ointments and gels are used.
For the treatment of the spine with arthrosis, the following physiotherapy procedures are used:
- Reflexotherapy( acupuncture).
- Abdominal decompression. What it is? This is a method of physiotherapy, in which artificial negative pressure is created in the lower half of the body, which improves blood flow and inhibits inflammatory processes.
These methods can relieve pain, increase joint mobility, improve blood circulation and nutrition of the vertebrae.
Also in case of arthrosis of the spine, the patient is shown regular gymnastics and diet.
It is necessary to engage in physiotherapy exercises - an individual complex of exercises, which is a doctor. The program may include stretching exercises, with a hoop, exercises for general physical training.
Another patient is recommended to do swimming, water gymnastics. This has a positive effect on the joints of the spine, improves blood flow in problem areas and effectively alleviates the symptoms of the disease.
Proper nutrition plays a significant role in therapy. Basic rules for diets for arthrosis:
- Limited use of spices and salt.
- Exception from the diet of smoked foods, fatty foods, preservatives and sausages.
- Complete exclusion from the diet of carbonated drinks, any alcohol.
- Minimizing the consumption of sweets, sugar, flour products and sweet pastries.
- Switch to whole grain bread and cereals.
- Replacement of animal fats with vegetable.
- Mandatory daily consumption of fresh vegetable and fruit juices.
- Increase the share of vegetables and fruits in the daily diet.
It is necessary to drink at least 1.5 liters of clean water per day - not compotes, not juices or tea, namely pure water.
Folk, non-traditional methods
Tinctures, rubbing and ointments, prepared according to folk recipes, well relieve pain and help in the treatment of arthrosis. Usually, tinctures of the golden mustache and root of the aura, ointments from the comfrey, horseradish, cornflower are used. You can also wear special belts from dog hair, apply warm clay wraps.
Apitherapy - treatment with beekeeping products gives good results. Compresses from honey and royal jelly are used, rubbing with alcoholic tincture of propolis, application of bee venom.
However, it should be understood that any folk methods are used as an addition to the basic therapy, it is not worthwhile to rely on them alone. And how correctly to treat an arthrosis of a backbone in your concrete case, the doctor can tell or say only after all-round inspection.
In case of insufficient effectiveness of the above-described therapeutic methods, surgical treatment is performed. Depending on the stage of the disease and the degree of joint destruction, one of two types of operations can be used: denervation( elimination of pain syndrome by thermal destruction of nerve endings in the affected joint) and transplantation( replacement of the fractured vertebra with artificial).
Basic prevention measures for the prevention of arthrosis:
Rational nutrition, which has already been mentioned above.
Regular gymnastics and a flexible way of life.
Correct distribution of loads on the spine during physical work.
Professional massage to improve blood flow and relieve muscle strain after hard work.
Weight normalization( if necessary).
Following these recommendations, you can avoid such a complex and serious disease.
Different methods of treatment of spinal arthrosis
Any person, in order to feel a full-fledged member of society, it is important to lead an active lifestyle. However, some diseases of the spine progress at such a rate that doctors sometimes do not have time to fight them. One of such enemies of motor activity is arthrosis of the spine.
Clinical picture and causes of the disease
This disease can be attributed to the osteoarthrosis group of diseases. It causes destruction in the cartilaginous tissue and leads to a thinning of the joints. Even worse is that at the edges of the bony projections during the course of the disease, osteophytes are formed, that is, small outgrowths. Most often this phenomenon occurs in the last stages of the disease.
Initial symptoms of the disease appear at the age of 60 - 65 years, but now there is a rejuvenation of the disease and symptoms begin to occur at the age of 40 years.
Arthrosis of the arcuate joints of the spine often occurs in conjunction with other problems of the spine. Usually he is accompanied by osteochondrosis, scoliosis, lordosis and others. Such a disease occurs:
- due to congenital problems of the spine;
- in people who are overweight;
- because of the injuries sustained.
Especially difficult arthrosis of the spine is treatable in the elderly. This is due to the fact that with age, the intensity of feeding cartilage tissue weakens, and, therefore, the cartilage itself becomes thinner.
Symptoms of spinal arthrosis
To timely start treatment, you need to determine the disease in a timely manner. We can say that arthrosis of the spine is the aging of the intervertebral joints. Therefore, the symptoms that indicate this disease, speak of pathological changes in the shape, size and functions of the vertebrae. The main symptoms of such an arthrosis are a constant pulling pain, which is especially aggravated by long walking, sitting or being in one position. If the disease is at a later stage, then the pain can occur even in a state of rest.
Other symptoms of arthrosis characterize a person's condition in the morning after sleep. In the spine, there is a strong stiffness, an inability to move. This sensation lasts about an hour. If a person does morning exercises, then it passes faster.
The peculiarity of the pains that appear with arthrosis of intervertebral disks is that discomfort does not spread to the hands and feet. That is, the pain is felt only in the spine. However, in order to make an accurate diagnosis, it is not enough to consider the symptoms. It is also necessary to undergo an X-ray examination and other laboratory tests.
Diagnostic procedures for arthrosis
When a doctor looks at the symptoms, he or she will prescribe other laboratory tests. In addition to radiography, the patient can be assigned:
- biochemical blood test;
- ultrasound of the brain;
- radioisotope study.
Principles of treatment of
Before starting treatment, a good doctor will conduct proper training. Ensure the patient a complete bed rest, at least the first few days of exacerbation. Appoints pain killers, in some cases even blockade. Will write a referral to physiotherapy procedures.
Arthrosis of intervertebral joints, as a rule, are treated by several methods:
- the right diet;
- exercise therapy;
- treatment with ointments, rubbers, gels;
- application of physiotherapy;
- operation assignment;
- treatment with folk methods.
To medicamentous treatment it is possible to carry anti-inflammatory, analgesic preparations. Due to this the inflammatory process decreases and the pain syndrome decreases. It is possible to use tablets, injections or injections depending on the stage of the disease. At the initial stages of the disease, the doctor prescribes drugs that enhance blood flow.
For the treatment to bring maximum benefit, it is important to exclude fatty meat from the diet, limit salt, spices, sweets, sugar. It is important to give up alcohol, smoked products, sausages. The use of meat products is permissible only in the form of lean stew. A large portion of the diet should be occupied by vegetables and fruits.
If the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, the treatment will be beneficial and more drastic measures such as surgery can be avoided. Proper nutrition, lifestyle, good physical habits will help keep the spine in good condition and be healthy and active for many years!
Arthrosis of the cervical spine and its treatment
Any diseases affecting the spine can be localized in various parts of the spine. If the cartilage tissue of the joints is damaged, arthrosis occurs. With arthrosis, the intraarticular cartilage wears out, which is caused by its aging. Subject to it may be different joints. When the cartilage of the joints of the spine is affected in the neck, arthrosis of the cervical region arises.
Species of the disease
Arthrosis, affecting the spine, is also called spondylosis, with cervical damage diagnosed with cervico-arthrosis. It can be of the following types:
- Idiopathic( primary) arthrosis of the neck affects the joint tissue without the influence of visible factors.
- Secondary. Its development is caused by other diseases( disruption of the endocrine system, dysplasia, inflammatory processes, traumatic lesions).
- Localized. Only one joint is affected by the pathological process.
- Deforming( vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine).Exposes the structure of bones that come into contact with the joint, changes. It is accompanied by violations of joint function and severe pain syndrome.
One of the varieties of vertebral arthrosis is uncoovertebral arthrosis( uncoarthrosis).More often the pathological process affects 1-2 cervical vertebrae, affecting the arcuate joints. The disease leads to the appearance of osteophytes on the posterolateral surfaces. Also allocated tsikovertebralny arthrosis, affecting the cervical region. When bone growths( osteophytes) occur, the disease is also called osteoarthritis.
Causes of cervical arthrosis
Congenital or acquired pathologies can cause disease. The main causes of the disease:
- increased monotonous physical activity;
- sedentary work and the lack of minimum necessary physical exertion, which cause strong static stress on the spine;
- excess body weight and fat deposits in the neck and shoulder blades;
- anomaly of the development of the joint( dysplasia), which leads to a violation of the balance of pressure on the cartilage in the joint;
- flat feet or scoliosis;
- inflammation in the neck;
- a metabolic disorder or a hormonal background.
Symptoms of pathology
At the initial stage, the disease does not manifest itself in any way. The main symptoms of this period are short-term sharp pains with clear localization. They can affect one or two joints. Usually, pain occurs with strong physical activity or sudden movements.
Gradually the symptoms become more pronounced, the pain can occur with the slightest load and quiet movements.
Unpleasant sensations can intensify after hypothermia or in wet weather. The pain binds the movements of the arms in the shoulder joint and limits the ability to turn the head.
In later stages, uncoarthrosis is accompanied by constant blunt pains, which can occur even without exercise. There are violations of sleep, when you turn your head you hear a specific crunch. Pain can spread to the entire back.
For the last stages of the disease is characterized by a feeling of numbness in the cervical region and light tingling sensations.Still advised: Symptoms of cervical chondrosis
If the pathological process affects the nerve endings, then there will be additional symptoms:
- disturbed gait and a sense of balance;
- increase in blood pressure.
In the absence of treatment, the disease leads to complete immobilization of the cervical spine.
The main methods of treatment
Treatment of cervical arthrosis brings the desired result only if it was possible to establish the cause that caused arthrosis of the cervical spine. Depending on the factor that led to the development of the disease, an individual treatment regimen is prepared.
To reduce the load on cartilage in the joints of the cervical spine, this area is pulled out by soft methods and immobilized.
The patient should wear a special immobilizing collar
It is also important to revise your lifestyle. If the cause of arthrosis is the lack of necessary physical exertion, then it is necessary to introduce physical loads into your schedule. If the arthrosis of the neck, on the contrary, has arisen because of increased loads, then the activities that cause them must be abandoned.
Slow down the development of pathology will help simple methods:
- sleep on the orthopedic pillow;
- exclusion of sudden movements;
- compliance with posture;
- reduced loads.
It is very important to revise the diet of the patient. From it it is necessary to completely exclude smoked products, fried foods, canned food, spicy, dishes with refractory animal fats, alcoholic and carbonated drinks.
It is necessary to drink enough water, eat fresh vegetables and fruits.
For effective treatment, drugs that have different effects on the body are prescribed:
- Anti-inflammatory. Help to remove swelling and pain. The form can be for external or internal use.
- Chondroprotectors. Contribute to the restoration of cartilaginous tissue.
- Muscle relaxants. Eliminate spasm of muscles.
- Drugs for improving blood circulation in the affected area.
- Complexes of vitamins and minerals for full nutrition of joints.
Drug therapy produces the desired result only on condition of complex application. Auxiliary treatment methods can be exercise therapy, massage and physiotherapy. Specific methods and methods of treatment the doctor selects for each patient individually.
Physiotherapy procedures are often prescribed:
- electrophoresis and phonophoresis( permissible only if synovitis is absent);
- local barotherapy and thermal local applications;
- microwave therapy;
- treatment with pulsed static current.
In the remission phase, you can massage
With it, you can remove muscle spasm and improve blood circulation in the affected area.
Gymnastics help to improve the condition of the patient only if the set of exercises is correctly compiled. It can only be done under the supervision of a doctor, doing exercises should not cause painful sensations.
To restore mobility of the neck in the last stages, an operation is performed to remove the bony growths that caused osteoarthritis. Instead of the affected joints, artificial ones are installed.
Traditional medicine can increase the effectiveness of traditional treatment. Treat the disease with various folk methods only after consulting a doctor.
Most often, traditional medicine prescribes external topical application. Of the available products you can prepare such ointments and compresses:
- In the ratio of 4 /1/ 1 take flaxseed oil, solid propolis and turpentine. The components are connected by heating in a water bath. The means rub the sore spot, and then wrap.
- In a dark place for 2 weeks leave a mixture of sunflower oil and geranium oil. Next, the composition is used for trituration.
- From warmed-up sea buckthorn oil it is good to make compresses.
The effectiveness of cervical arthrosis treatment depends on its timely onset. The disease can cause neuralgic complications, so it refers to the dangerous. Only an integrated approach and adequate treatment can help get rid of pathology.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine: symptoms and treatment
Deforming or unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is a lesion of the joints of the spine and intervertebral discs, in which there are bony outgrowths on the cervical vertebrae. From Latin, unco-vertebral means: the formation is like a hook + vertebra.
Many of us who feel pain and an unpleasant crunch when turning the head, can have this pathology. Let's see how dangerous it is and whether it can be treated.
Causes of unco-vertebral arthrosis
The causes that cause the disease can be conditionally divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital pathologies include anomalies in the development of cervical vertebrae. Among the acquired causes, the most common injuries are the cervical spine and the effects of flat feet.
A sedentary lifestyle and excess weight may provoke the disease. And this affects most urban residents. But the rest of the population may be at risk, because weight lifting and unregulated physical activity can also cause disease.
What changes occur in the affected spine? In unco-vertebral arthrosis, the intervertebral disc is affected. Its cartilaginous tissue plays the role of a cushioning "padding" between the vertebrae. It protects the intervertebral nerves and vessels from damage. During the disease, the cartilaginous disc loses its fluid, becomes thin and less elastic. As a result, he can not perform his functions to the fullest, bulges out and squeezes nearby tissues, causing painful symptoms.
In addition, on the cervical vertebrae begin to appear osteophytes - acute spines from bone tissue. They grow towards each other and injure sensitive ligaments of the spine.
Symptoms and signs of
The main symptoms of development of arthrosis of uncovertebral joints * are:
* Uncovertebral joints are joints( neoarthroses) forming between the hook-shaped processes of the cervical vertebrae and the base of the arch and / or the body of the overlying vertebra. Normally do not exist, are formed as a result of a decrease in the height of intervertebral discs.
- Severe pain in the area of the affected vertebra that is provoked by abrupt movements
- Subluxation of joints between arcuate processes that serve to connect two adjacent vertebrae
- Soreness that increases with prolonged exposure in one posture
- Severe crunch when turning the neck
- Blood pressure changes
If you have these symptoms, you need an urgent examination with a neurologist or orthopedic vertebrologist. In the initial stages, this disease can be overcome. In later stages, treatment can only bring temporary relief.
Methods of treatment
Treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis is carried out on an outpatient basis and is aimed at the removal of pain and muscle spasm. When the disease worsens, the use of an orthopedic collar is necessary. It will help reduce the burden on the cervical vertebrae.
Medications for the treatment of
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain relief and inflammation( diclofenac, nimesulide)
Muscle relaxants for the removal of muscular tension( sirdalud)
To improve blood circulation and microcirculation in affected areas, the use of actovegin, curantyl
Chondroprotectors - drugs supplying cartilage cells necessary substancesto restore them. These medicines allow you to suspend the course of the disease and slow the destruction of intervertebral discs
The treatment regimen and dosage of medications are prescribed individually after a thorough examination of the patient.
Physiotherapy has a good analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, helps to eliminate unpleasant symptoms. The following 3 methods are the most effective and will really help to overcome uncoovertebral arthrosis:
- magnetotherapy - relieves pain, inflammation and swelling in the affected area with the help of a magnetic field
- sinusoidal modulated currents( amplipulse therapy) - the device "Amplipulse", which helps to get rid of painaid of modulated currents of different directions and frequency
- phonophoresis with a solution of novocaine or lidocaine - administration of an anesthetic drug to the patient site with the help of ultrasound
Massages are a very effective method. In combination with curative gymnastics and acupuncture, the health effect improves significantly. However, it must be remembered that the course is conducted during remission( without exacerbation of symptoms) - when there are no severe pains.
Absolute contraindication to the massage is the loss of the herniated intervertebral disc. This disease can be a complication of spinal arthrosis. Therefore, before proceeding to treatment, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
Remember that a timely visit to the doctor will help you maintain your health. Only an experienced specialist can choose a complex treatment that will help to eliminate all unpleasant symptoms and will lead a full life.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine affects the discs between the vertebrae and the facet joints. From this disease there are cervical, brachial neuritis and other symptoms. Because of this, it is hard for a person to turn his head, since severe pains arise, it is difficult to move even with his hands.
Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine begins to develop for the following reasons:
- permanent physical stress of a severe nature;
- movements, which last a long and monotonous;
- excessive weight;
- when two joints are mismatched;
- trauma that occurred in the neck;
- joints become inflamed;
- metabolisms are disrupted;
- the thyroid gland is broken.
Arthrosis of the cervical spine often appears in those people who are engaged in dangerous sports, who raise heavy things. Every time a person exercises an overabundance of stress on the body, he gradually harms himself. After all, cartilage has a property to wear out.
In order not to appear uncoovertebral arthrosis, you need to monitor your health, contact your doctor for any manifestations of pain. After all, this disease can bring serious consequences.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis is a very serious form of the disease. As a result, not only growths but also neurological diseases appear.
The cause of this degeneration is the disruption of feeding of the discs between the vertebrae. From this they are depleted, appear outgrowth. This is a protective reaction of the body to reduce the burden on this part. Because of this, it is necessary to find the middle, since heavy loads harm the spine, and lack of mobility.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the spine does not initially show any signs, the symptoms are almost invisible. There may be a sharp pain when a person sharply turns his head or lifts something heavy. These sensations quickly appear and also disappear, they are localized in 1-2 vertebrae.
In this regard, few people pay attention to such symptoms. Because of this, unco-vertebral arthrosis of the spine is particularly dangerous. It's just at this stage that the treatment is not complicated, and it will not take much time for this. In just two weeks you can stop the development of the disease.
If you still ignore minor symptoms, then in the future the disease will begin to develop, with the most insignificant load a person will feel pain, even in windy or damp weather these feelings will intensify. Later it will be harder to move or turn your head. In this torture for such a patient will be cold weather with rain.
Not always there is a strong pain, it noticeably dulls, but does not let you sleep peacefully. You can hear a crunch when you turn your head in different directions.
When uncovertebral arthrosis passes into the stage that is most neglected, the following symptoms appear:
- , numbness is felt;
- feels tingling in the neck;
- there is nausea;
- makes you dizzy from time to time.
The most important thing, if you start treatment in time, then there will be no complications. After all, the arthrosis of the cervical region can pass to the spinal cord, after which neurological syndromes will appear.
Diagnosis of the disease
As soon as such symptoms appear, and any pain in the cervical region, you should immediately consult a doctor. He will interview the patient, make a thorough diagnosis. After that it will be possible to finally say about the nature of the disease and what influenced its appearance. The expert should feel the painful points, from which he will know where the damage is localized.
Of course, one can not do without an MRI or X-ray to accurately detect the presence of osteophytes that are in the vertebrae. With the help of such diagnostics, the doctor can see the affected blood vessels.
As already explained, immediate treatment is required. Basically it goes out-patient. The most important thing to achieve is to eliminate pain, and then provide the muscles with an atmosphere of rest.
There are such methods of treatment:
- should limit movement, for this there is a collar of Shantz, which can fix the neck, after which the load is markedly reduced;
- taking medications that will relieve pain and cramps;
- use of funds that improve blood flow to the neck;
- administration of drugs that are capable of restoring cartilaginous tissue.
Physiotherapy is also applied, namely:
Deforming arthrosis of spine joints: treatment of deforming arthrosis with medical plaster NANOPLAST forte
Deforming arthrosis of joints, or arthrosis of facet joints is one of the forms of degenerative-dystrophic spine lesions. Arthrosis of the joints of the spine( also known as spondylarthrosis) develops according to pathomorphological data in the course of aging and after 60 years occurs in most patients.
Arthrosis of the spinal joints - aetiology and pathogenesis
With deforming arthrosis of the facet joints of the spine, as well as with various types of osteoarthrosis, dystrophic changes in the cartilaginous tissue of the joint, thinning and destruction of the cartilage, and the formation of osteophytes are observed.
Most often, arthrosis of vertebral joints develops in combination with other dystrophic changes of the spine( chondrosis, osteochondrosis).But it is possible and localized development of this form of arthrosis - with deformities of the spine( hyperlordosis, scoliosis).
The joints of the cervical spine are most commonly affected by deforming arthrosis, and this type of spondyloarthrosis gives the most pronounced symptoms. Arthrosis of the lumbar intervertebral joints for a long time is clinically asymptomatic, or local pains occur, typical for deforming arthrosis of any localization.
Causes of deforming arthrosis of the joints of the spine
Arthrosis of the arcuate joints of the spine usually develops if there is a regular functional overload of the corresponding spine. The reasons for this overload may be different, for example, incorrect posture( stoop), prolonged body finding in an uncomfortable, unphysiological position, etc. In this case, there is cervical or lumbar hyperlordosis, which appears compensatory in response to thoracic kyphosis. Arthrosis of the vertebrae can also be the result of scoliosis or other deformities of the spine.
Deforming arthrosis of the spine can develop both independently and in combination with other dystrophic diseases of the spine( osteochondrosis and chondrosis).But the consequences for the facet joints are the same in both cases: the static and dynamic load increases, as a result, all the signs of arthrosis develop: accelerated aging and destruction of the cartilaginous tissue of the joint of the spine and the formation of osteophytes.
Types of deforming spinal arthrosis and their symptoms
Depending on the localization of the affected area, the following types of this disease are distinguished:
- Arthrosis of the lumbar spine( lumbararthrosis);
- Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine( cervicoarthrosis);
- Osteoarthritis of the thoracic spine( dorsartrosis).
Deforming arthrosis facet joints causes pain in the spine, limiting mobility in the affected parts of the spine. The pains have a constant aching character, intensifying with loads, bends and inclinations. Patients complain of the inability to move for a long time, weakness in the legs or hands - depending on the location of the affected joints. In some cases, it is difficult to stand on your feet, almost every 10 minutes there is a desire to sit or lie down. Pain, as a rule, has a localized character, and unlike the pain caused by herniated disc, does not irradiate in the leg or arm, is not accompanied by numbness and weakness. But if osteochondrosis joins in the arthrosis of the spine, spondylolisthesis, the pain can become burning.
Individual types of arthrosis of the spine have their own peculiarities
Deforming arthrosis of the cervical spine( cervicoarthrosis)
Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine is very common. The cause of its development is most often chronic cramps of the muscles of the cervico-brachial region as a result of constant sedentary work, especially at the computer, low physical activity or, on the contrary, excessive nonphysiological physical loads, etc.
With deforming arthrosis of the cervical region, patients first of all complain of such symptoms:
- Neck pain;
- Aching in the lower part of the occiput;
- Difficulty tilting the head down;
- Difficulty turning the head in any direction.
If the disease is started, and especially if it is combined with cervical osteochondrosis.which can often occur, dizziness may occur, eyesight may deteriorate, and unpleasant sensations in the ears and upper part of the sternum may occur.
A particularly serious disease is unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine. This kind of cervical deforming arthrosis is manifested with a severe pain syndrome, due to which it is impossible not only to turn and tilt the head, but also to move hands, neurological manifestations in the form of disorders of sensitivity and weakening of neurological reflexes are possible.
Osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine( lumboarthrosis)
The causes of development of deforming arthrosis in the lumbosacral spine can be:
- congenital malformations of the spine;
- increased load on the spine - with professional activity or as a result of sporting activities,
- incorrect posture
- predominantly sedentary( office workers) or stand-up( salespeople, waiters, surgeons) lifestyle
The main symptom of lumbararthrosis is pain in the lumbosacraldepartment. The pain is aching, with possible irradiation into the buttocks and thighs, but never below the knee. Feeling of numbness and paresthesia are not characteristic.
Initially, painful sensations are concerned only with physical exertion - walking, bending, changing postures, lifting weights and not being at rest. A characteristic symptom is the appearance of pain after a long sitting position, which pass after a short warm-up. But as the disease progresses, the pain becomes more intense, occurs at the slightest movement and at rest, can bother at night.
Another symptom of spondylarthrosis is the morning stiffness of the lumbosacral region. Usually it passes independently after 1-2 hours or after a short warm-up. Its mechanism is associated with the presence of reflex muscle spasm, the formation of contractures, the growth of osteophytes, pain syndrome, the presence of subluxations.
If lumbararthrosis is accompanied by the development of lumbosacral osteochondrosis, other symptoms also appear. For example, this is a rather common symptom, like pain in the buttocks. It is aching, intensified with intense physical exertion, hypothermia, awkward movements, sometimes with rising. There is an increased tone in the gluteus muscles, the musculature of the waist and lower limbs, there is a restriction of movements in the spinal column and hip joint. Often, weakness of the muscles of the thigh and lower leg is felt, a decrease in sensitivity, unpleasant sensations( tingling, a feeling of "crawling," numbness and weakness in the leg.).Often the cause of this is the concomitant syndrome of the pear-shaped muscle.
Treatment of deforming spinal arthrosis
Treatment of deforming arthrosis of the spine is mostly conservative. The following methods can be used:
- anti-inflammatory therapy( NSAID) - with severe pain syndrome;
- central muscle relaxants - with severe muscle spasms;
- chondroprotectors( drugs that help slow the degeneration of cartilaginous tissue);
- medical gymnastics, incl.swimming pool
- special massage
On the recommendation of a doctor, orthopedic collars or corsets are used that help maintain the spine in the right position.
Very good results in the treatment of spinal spondylarthrosis showed a medical plaster NANOPLAST forte.
Treatment of spinal arthrosis with medical plaster NANOPLAST forte
With therapeutic treatment of deforming arthrosis of the spine, the medical plaster NANOPLAST forte is very effective. Plaster NANOPLAST forte allows you to remove pain and inflammation, improve blood circulation in the affected area. Depending on the severity of the disease, NANOPLAST forte can be used both in monotherapy and in complex therapy.
When using a patch in complex therapy in combination with NSAIDs, analgesics, antispasmodics, the patch helps to reduce the dosage and shorten the period of application of these drugs that are not safe for the body.
When treating the deforming arthrosis , the NANOPLAST forte patch is applied to the troubled area, avoiding the front surface of the neck, especially the carotid arteries and lymph nodes, and the heart area.
We recommend a course treatment of 9 days or more. It is usually recommended to use a patch in the morning for 12 hours, but it is possible to apply it for the night.
High efficiency, uniqueness of the composition, long-term( up to 12 hours!) Therapeutic effect, ease of use and affordable price make NANOPLAST forte the choice in the treatment of spinal arthrosis.
9 best exercises for arthrosis of the lumbar spine
Arthrosis of the lumbar spine is extremely common in the elderly, because the aging of a person has a significant effect on bone degeneration. If the patient is concerned about the disturbing symptoms of osteoarthritis, then this article can serve as an ideal guide for his healthy and painless lifestyle. If the patient is more than forty years old, and he experiences excruciating pain in his back, then there is a high probability that the patient suffers from osteoarthritis( arthritis, arthrosis).Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disorder, in which their protective layer, known as cartilage, undergoes wear, resulting in a weakening of joint mobility and inflammation. This may be due to friction after injury, which can cause pain and complications in the joints during movement.
Anatomy of the joints of the spine
Osteoarthritis usually affects people over the age of 50 years. Statistics show that this degenerative condition is more common in men under the age of 45 and women over 45 years. In order to identify the osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine, the patient must know the anatomy of the joints of the spine.
The lower back can be divided into three main parts:
- the lumbar spine;- Sacrum;- coccyx.
The structure of the lumbar spine, in turn, can be divided into five lumbar vertebrae and five intervertebral discs. These vertebrae of the lumbar spine are the largest vertebrae in the human body. They carry the greatest burden from the entire body weight. This is the main reason why the vertebrae of the lumbar spine most can cause back pain.
What is arthrosis of the lumbar spine
With age, the protective cartilage of a person around its joints begins to deteriorate. In normal cases, the cartilage is smooth and translucent, white in color. Nevertheless, if the patient suffers from osteoarthritis, the structure of the cartilage acquires a roughness, it becomes yellow and opaque. After the surface of the cartilage becomes rough, at the end of the joints, on the surface of the bone tissue, pathological bone outgrowths of the irregular configuration-osteophytes-begin to form. These new small bones further increase mechanical wear, preventing the restoration of cartilage cells. When the bones are exposed to wear, the frictional force on their surface begins to increase. In severe cases, cartilage in the process of erosion exerts pressure on the spinal nerves. This limits the smooth flow of blood to the hands and feet. It is for this reason that patients suffering from osteoarthritis often complain of numbness in the legs and hands.
Causes of arthrosis
Lower back pain is mainly caused by osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine. Due to this degenerative joint disease, lumbar joints become inflamed, which leads to severe pain, limited mobility and, in extreme cases, can lead to permanent paralysis. If the patient experiences similar symptoms, then it is of paramount importance to consult a doctor.
- Degeneration or deterioration of joints due to natural aging process - Damage or injury( for example, as a result of a car accident) causes a process of cartilage erosion or irritation.- Repeated injuries, stress, sedentary work, including typing on the computer for long hours without interruption, weight lifting, large daily workloads - all these are the most common causes of osteoarthritis.- Heredity can also contribute to osteoarthritis.- Also cause osteoarthritis may be the degeneration of the intervertebral disc. These discs, supporting the lumbar vertebrae, can degenerate due to stress and aging of the human body. This can cause the lumbar joint to hurt, as well as a feeling of heaviness and difficulty in moving.- Injuries caused by exercise - this is the most common phenomenon among active people, especially athletes, because an increased level of activity increases the friction of bones in the joints of each other. This causes wear of the cartilage and other supporting structures in the joints, which ensure their stability.
Symptoms of arthrosis
Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine may vary on a scale ranging from mild to severe. Osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine has similar symptoms with the problem of intervertebral discs. If the patient is concerned about any of the following symptoms, it means that he can suffer from osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine.
Pain in the lower back extends to the buttocks, lower legs and back of the knees. With this condition, the pain will not be at the bottom of the legs in front and in the feet.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis in affected joints:
- numbness and brittleness;- pain in the back decreases in a sitting position compared to the standing position;- edema of the affected joint;- pain is aggravated from intense exercises;- the inflammation increases after a period of rest;- In extreme cases - loss of joint mobility.
Exercises for osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine
In order to choose the best exercise for your condition, the patient needs to study the bone mineral density. The measure of mineral density, basically, is calcium, which is present in the bones. If the mineral density of bones( the amount of calcium in the bones) is below normal, the patient must be active and take all necessary measures to make the density of his bones normal.
With the age of a person, its goal should be not to increase the bone mineral density, but instead it should be maintained normally. Along with diets rich in vitamins C and D, the patient also has to perform some actions for the health of his bones. In this case, the patient should be careful and with pain in the lower back should stop any form of exercise.
If a patient suffers from a painful condition of osteoarthritis, then it is important for him to stretch the muscles surrounding the affected joint. This will not only strengthen these muscles, but also to save joints from any permanent and irreversible damage. Choosing a healthy and active mode of movement, the patient will increase the flexibility and strength of joints and auxiliary muscles. The patient can choose from a diverse list of exercises that are the safest for his health with osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine.
1. Stretching of the abdominal muscles
This exercise allows you to maintain control over the abdominal muscles by reducing( tensioning) and relaxing the muscles. Once a patient has mastered this exercise, he can easily increase support for the spine, which will further reduce pain in the lower back.
Lie on your back, pressing your spine and pelvis to the floor and keeping them in a neutral position. Then bend your knees and breathe, pulling up the abdominal muscles. Do this exercise, evenly breathing and tightening the abdominal muscles, for 10 seconds. Repeat 5 times.
The main cause of osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine is the erosion of load-bearing structures, including cartilage. This exercise helps to develop and strengthen the hips and abdominal muscles that balance the lower body. Lay down on your side, knees bend together. Squeeze the abdominal muscles, gently pressing on the navel, do not breathe deeply. Then, slowly and gradually straighten up and, as if opening a cot, and return the legs to their original position. Repeat the exercise.
3. Motor exercises
These include a series of exercises with inclines to the side, forward and backward, which increase the flexibility and motor functions of the joints. These are ideal exercises that will bring a lot of benefit to the patient with osteoarthritis.
4. Aerobic Exercises
Osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine is an extremely sensitive condition, mainly due to the risk of damage to the spinal nerves. Therefore, the safest and most stress-free exercises are exercises from physiotherapists and other professional counselors. These exercises include: walking, cycling and water procedures that help to save and keep the spine from any forms of unnecessary stress. These exercises have the additional advantage: they make the cardiovascular system and the lungs of a person healthy.
5. Exercise for hamstring stretching
In osteoarthritis( arthrosis) of the lumbar spine, the loss( wear) of cartilage and the growth of bone mass lead to severe pain and joint deformity. This causes excessive pressure of the hamstring on the muscles, making them more dense and elastic than necessary. In this exercise, the patient will have to knead the muscles of the hamstring and make them more flexible and elastic. It will take a strap to exert adequate pressure on the tendon and maintain the correct posture necessary for this exercise. Lie on your back, stretch your legs forward and push them apart. Then, holding one leg with a strap, gently lift it until you feel that your knee and thigh muscles are stretched. Repeat the same sequence of movements with the other leg.
6. Strengthening the buttocks
Just like the hamstring muscles, and the gluteal muscles may suffer from osteoarthritis of the lumbar spine. In this exercise, you need to lie on your back with a pillow supporting the waist region. Hold one leg straight, pull( pull in, squeeze) the buttocks and gently lift the leg. Repeat the same steps with the other leg. This will help in maintaining and developing stability and balance while walking.