The main symptoms and treatment methods for cervical vertebrae osteochondrosis
According to the World Health Organization, cervical osteochondrosis is second only to osteochondrosis of the spine of the lumbar region. The reason for such statistics is the specificity of the anatomy of the cervical vertebrae and the significant stresses that they carry as components of the most mobile part of the spine. The complications of this pathology are dangerous, and it sometimes takes a long time to cure them. To avoid the disease and its consequences, you should know why it occurs and what are the most effective methods of treatment today.
What happens when a disease occurs. Click on the image to enlarge
What happens with osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae?
Osteochondrosis of cervical vertebrae - what is it? In everyday life, his symptoms are often mistaken for signs of salt deposition in the joints of the spine. However, this is not so: even if growths( osteophytes) are found on the affected vertebra, they consist of bone tissue and have nothing to do with salts.
Actually in this disease is the destruction( degeneration) of the first intervertebral discs( they are thinned, lose shape), and then the vertebrae themselves.
Sometimes, in an effort to compensate for the damage to the discs, the body "grows" on the affected vertebra additional bone fragments. But such a spike-shaped growth builds up nearby vessels, muscle and nerve tissue - in the cervical region there are a large number, including a large artery feeding the brain. Seven small vertebrae of the neck are "strung" on this artery, like beads.
If you do not treat cervical osteochondrosis, compression of the vertebral artery can cause blood circulation, paralysis or even stroke.
Causes of the disease
The triggering mechanism of degenerative changes in the vertebrae of the neck can be:
Low physical activity. Weak muscles of the back are unable to keep the spine in a straight position, because of which the intervertebral discs are squeezed, deformed and lose functional abilities.
Incorrect posture. A person who is in an uncomfortable position for a long time at a table, machine or in a car, is prone to curving the spine and causing cervical osteochondrosis.
Metabolic disorders. Often occurs against the backdrop of a deficiency in the body of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese, zinc, vitamin D.
Neck injuries caused by sudden lifting of heavy objects or impact, or caused by prolonged excessive stress.
Chronic infections( syphilis, tuberculosis and even influenza, transferred without treatment).
Incorrect posture can be the cause of many diseases, including osteochondrosis of the neck
. The main symptoms of
. At the initial stage of the disease, symptoms may be mild or absent. The first signs of cervical osteochondrosis is a pain in the neck, giving up in the arm, shoulder or shoulder blade, and a crunch in the neck that occurs when the head is tilted or turned. Apart from their seriousness, a person often does not hurry to diagnose a doctor - and this is a mistake.
With further development of the disease, there are symptoms caused by compression of nerves and blood vessels:
- Headaches. Their treatment with analgesics gives only a temporary effect.
- Nausea, dizziness.
- Noise in the ears. When osteochondrosis, this symptom is manifested after a long stay in a stationary position, with diseases of the vestibular apparatus such a relationship is not observed.
- A feeling of lack of air, arising from the irritation of the diaphragmatic nerve passing next to the vertebrae of the cervical region.
- Problems with eyesight: decrease in its sharpness, periodic darkening in eyes, flickering of dots. During the treatment of osteochondrosis, these symptoms disappear.
- Disorder of coordination, abnormalities of gait.
- Memory loss, reduced performance.
- Short-term drop or increase in blood pressure, not amenable to the standard treatment of hypotension or hypertension.
How to diagnose pathology?
If the suspicion of cervical osteochondrosis( based on the symptoms and complaints of the patient), the doctor prescribes laboratory and instrumental examinations of the spine. It can be:
- Radiography of the neck in two projections: direct and lateral. It allows you to detect the narrowing of the distance between the vertebrae and the presence of bone growths.
- Magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography, more precisely( in comparison with x-ray) determining the localization of pathology and the presence of protrusions( protrusion) of intervertebral discs. This is very important for effective treatment.
- To exclude other diseases that can occur with similar symptoms, it is possible to appoint electroencephalography, endoscopy, ECG, ultrasound and a number of urine and blood tests.
Methods of treatment at different stages of the disease
The complex of therapeutic measures is made taking into account the severity of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient's body.
The mild form of the disease( stage 1)
When the disease is just beginning to manifest itself, medication may not be necessary. In such cases, to get rid of the disease it is enough to change the working conditions and lifestyle: adhere to a moderate-calorie diet, engage in exercise, avoid sharp loads on the neck, follow the posture.
The first minor symptoms( periodic mild pain and a feeling of stiffness in the neck) can really be removed with the help of physiotherapy, manual therapy, physiotherapy, massage, electrophoresis, acupuncture, hirudotherapy( leech treatment). With moderate to severe disease, these treatments are no longer sufficient.
Medium and severe forms of the disease( stages 2, 3 and 4)
Longer treatment is required if the development of the disease has already gone far when there are cracks or tears on the surface of the intervertebral disc, and the vertebra underwent pathological changes. In such cases, as a rule, you first need to quickly eliminate inflammation and pain syndrome, and then stop the process of destruction of intervertebral discs and restore the damaged spinal osteochondrosis structure of the spine as far as possible.
Methods of treatment of a mild form of pathology are used here, but they are used more intensively. drug therapy is added: painkillers( ketorol, analgin, baralgin), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( ibuprofen, diclofenac, etc.).To improve the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue, chondroprotectors( glucosamine, chondroitin, alflutope) and vitamins( B6, B12) are used. Mandatory correction of vertebrae is mandatory.
It is not always easy to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae, whereas the prevention of this disease is completely uncomplicated. Moving lifestyle, playing sports or at least regular exercise, the habit of "keeping your back" when walking and sitting, sleep on a pillow that provides a comfortable position for the neck - that's all the basic measures necessary to prevent the development of pathology. Take care of yourself and be well!
It is important to know: treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis in the cervical spine, causes and stages of the diseaseIn this article we will consider a disease such as osteochondrosis in the cervical region, the symptoms characteristic of this disease, the causes of its appearance, the stages and types of this disease.
The cervical region is the most mobile department of the spine, therefore, it suffers from osteochondrosis more often.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a progressive disease that is degenerative-dystrophic disorders of the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine.
The cervical spine consists of seven discs, this is the most mobile part of the spine, which provides the ability to tilt and turn the head. He has a relatively weak muscular corset. In this case, the instability of the cervical proper, combined with constant physical activity( the need to maintain the head, control the turns and inclinations) explain the high susceptibility of this spine to both trauma and dystrophic changes, which are essentially osteochondrosis.
Types and stages of the disease
Osteochondrosis is a disease that affects not only the cervical, but also other parts of the spine. There is also chest osteochondrosis, lumbar osteochondrosis and common - when the disease is spread to several different parts of the spine.
There are 4 main stages of the course of the disease:
The first stage of the - the main feature at this stage is the instability that manifests itself in the initial disturbances of the vertebral discs.
The second stage of - here the main feature is the protrusion of disks. Fissures between the vertebrae decrease, the fibrous ring gradually begins to break down, pain syndromes associated with possible pinching of the nerve endings are also possible.
The third stage of - at this stage, the final destruction of the ring occurs, resulting in the formation of intervertebral hernias. Also for this stage is a serious deformity of the spine.
The fourth stage of the is the latest and the most difficult. Any movements begin to cause serious acute pain, accordingly it becomes very difficult to move. Periodically, the general condition improves, as a result of which the pain decreases, but nothing good is said about it, it only indicates that bone growths are forming, which connect the vertebrae and restrict the movement, which leads to disability.
Cervical osteochondrosis treatment is prescribed depending on the symptoms and stage of the disease.
Causes of osteochondrosis
Today osteochondrosis is rapidly "younger".Not so long ago, this diagnosis was considered the lot of older people and rarely when placed before people younger than 40 years. But now this disease is observed more and more often among young people, the number of patients aged 18-30 years has greatly increased. The reasons are quite numerous, the most common:
- violation of posture;
- is overweight;
- curvature of the spine;
- back injury;
- metabolic disorders;
- physically hard work;
- weak physical preparation;
- errors in the training process of athletes;
- stress and nerve strain;
- drastic reduction or general termination of training by athletes;
- sedentary or sedentary lifestyle;
- infectious diseases and hypothermia.
Osteochondrosis in general is a logical extension of muscle clamps. As a result, spasm of muscles severely limits the mobility of the vertebrae in the cervical region, blood supply worsens, posture worsens, as a result, dystrophic processes begin in the intervertebral discs and vertebrae, the intervertebral foramens narrow, and the nerve roots that come out through them are squeezed.
Manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis
The cervical spine is saturated with blood vessels that feed the human brain. Therefore, for the most part, the signs and manifestations of osteochondrosis are connected with the poor supply of the head organs with blood, in particular - with a violation of the blood circulation of the brain.
The most noticeable manifestations of this disease are:
- frequent headaches;
- dizziness until loss of consciousness;
- violation of coordination of movements, mainly - violation of gait;
- ringing in the ears, hearing loss;
- vision impairment;
- deterioration of teeth;
- change of voice( hoarseness, weakening of voice, etc.);
- snoring, which in itself is a sign of chronic muscle tension;
Also, when the nerves are squeezed in the cervical region, coldness or numbness of the fingers can be observed, weakness in the hands can be felt.
Pinched nerves can also cause pain in the throat, neck, tenderness of the scalp, even toothache. So it is quite possible that when you remove a tooth, you need to treat your neck. As in the old cartoon: "If the tooth hurts, you need to treat the tail."
Also, pain can spread to the arm or shoulder, while it will be strengthened or weakened depending on the position or turn of the head. Severe pain may be accompanied by nausea or dizziness.
Symptoms of the disease
So, we figured out how osteochondrosis manifests itself in the cervical spine. Symptoms are somewhat different from manifestations, because, as you probably noticed, almost any of the manifestations of this disease can be attributed to something else. The headache is for stress, the deterioration of vision is on the TV, the hearing loss is reduced to the use of headphones, etc.
In general, the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis depend on what exactly became the object of the disease. Therefore distinguish:
- radicular syndromes;
- compression of the spinal cord;
- vertebral artery syndrome;
- irritative-reflex syndromes;
- cardinal syndrome, etc.
Let's take a closer look at the most common of them.
Also they are also called cervical radiculitis. They arise when the nerve is clamped in the cervical region, in other words - when corrugating roots. These symptoms are connected precisely with compression of the nerve roots. The pain is transmitted from the neck down, can reach the scapula and fall further along the shoulder, the outer part of the forearm to the fingers of the hand. There may also be an effect of "runnin 'crawling," pastness, tingling of the fingers, a hand or forearm.
Depending on which segment is affected by the disease, symptoms may differ. For example, if the roots of the central nerve are affected, then the large, index and middle fingers will be pasty. When the roots of the shoulder nerve are damaged, the nameless and little finger. In this case, all other symptoms will remain identical.
Symptom is acute, "burning" pain in the neck or cervico-occipital region, manifested when moving after a static state. For example, after sleep, with sneezing, with sharp turns of the head. Pain can "give" to the chest and shoulder.
Syndrome of the vertebral artery
Symptoms in this case are a "burning" or throbbing headache, which can seize the temple, the nape, the darkness, the superciliary area. The pain is usually constant, sometimes - paroxysmal. Usually seriously amplified after a long time in an uncomfortable position or when moving. In the case of general weakness of the body, loss of consciousness or nausea may occur. Also, there is a possibility of occurrence of auditory disorders - a decrease in the severity of hearing, noise, disorders of the vestibular apparatus. Also, this syndrome can affect vision - pain in the eyes, decreased visual acuity, etc.
In this syndrome, the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are almost identical to those of angina pectoris. Therefore, in some cases there is a danger that instead of treating the cervical osteochondrosis, treatment( practically useless in this case) of angina will be performed.
It is believed that spasms and muscle contractions in the heart can be caused by squeezing the roots in one of the lower segments of the cervical region, and the result is such a reflex response.
Generally, the cardiac syndrome occurs when the roots of the large pectoral muscle or the roots of the diaphragmatic nerve are irritated, since it is the fibers that lead to the pericardium. The pain in this case may be paroxysmal and last for a long time - up to several hours. Increase with sudden movements that occur when sneezing, coughing, or sharp turn of the head. Also, extrasystole and tachycardia become a possible phenomenon in this syndrome, while coronerading drugs can not be taken off pain, and a cardiogram taken during an attack shows no signs of circulatory disturbance.
"Yoga for the face" in the prevention of osteochondrosis of the neck:
Here you can download a free training course "Secrets of cervical osteochondrosis treatment".
On this page you can read about how yoga helps with cervical and lumbar osteochondrosis, and below one can see one of such exercises on video:
Cervical osteochondrosis: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment - Diagnos.ru
Cervical osteochondrosiscalled progressive degenerative degenerative lesion of intervertebral discs in the region of 1-7 vertebrae, related to the cervical region.
As a result of cervical osteochondrosis, deformation, depletion, and then defeat of the vertebral bodies occur. This disrupts the normal blood supply and nerve conduction in the neck and in those areas that are innervated by the nerve roots of the cervical region.
Cervical osteochondrosis can be either isolated or combined with osteochondrosis of other departments-chest, lumbar and sacral.
Causes of dystrophic and degenerative changes in intervertebral discs have not yet been adequately studied. The assumption that osteochondrosis - an old phenomenon of confirmation was not found. It occurs even in children and adolescents.
There are a number of factors predisposing to the development of osteochondrosis. These include:
- inactivity and sedentary lifestyles,
- sedentary work with static neck strain,
- overweight, insufficient physical development,
- dysplastic connective tissue processes,
- circulatory disturbance in the neck,
- neck injury,
- scoliosis,defects of posture, awkward pillows and mattresses,
- hereditary predisposition, metabolic defects.
Symptoms of the cervical osteochondrosis
The cervical spine due to the features of the skeleton, erect locomotion, and also because of the large size of the head is particularly vulnerable to the development of osteochondrosis - the vertebrae in it are the smallest in comparison with other parts of the spine, and the muscular skeleton is not very pronounced.
The most typical symptom that patients complain about is cervical pain. Depending on the affected area, the pain may be localized
- in the collarbone and shoulder;
- throughout the cervical spine;
- on the front of the chest.
Pain in cervical osteochondrosis is caused by the peculiarities of the cervical region.
The first signs of cervical osteochondrosis are insignificant and uncommon:
- neck pain in the evening,
- sensation of heaviness in the head, headaches in the occipital region,
- feeling of numbness or tingling in the shoulders and hands,
- crunching in the neck when turning the head, clicking the vertebrae.
- has rather severe "bulging" pain in the neck and, especially, in the area just below the occiput;
- pain occurs after a prolonged stay in one position( for example, after sleep);
- neck muscles are constantly strained;
- there are difficulties with the removal of the hand to the side;
- on the affected side of the fingers of the hand are constrained in the movements.
Since the compression of the vertebral arteries occurs, neurologic manifestations are observed: headache, nausea, fainting is not uncommon.
pain localized behind the sternum on the left.
This kind of pain should be distinguished from angina pectoris pains( with angina pectoris it brings relief to nitroglycerin, with osteochondrosis - no).
With gradual disruption of the structure of the intervertebral discs, their compression( compression) occurs and infringements of the nerve roots occur, as well as the narrowing or infringement of the arteries and veins that pass in the area of the vertebral bodies.
This leads to the formation of special syndromes - radicular and ischemic.
- lesion of rootlets of the first cervical vertebra( C1): disorders affect the occiput, reducing skin sensitivity;
- C2 lesion gives pain syndrome in the region of the crown and occiput;
- C3 lesion gives neck pain from the side of infringement, a decrease in sensitivity in the tongue and sublingual muscles, in some cases with speech impairment and loss of control of the tongue;
- lesions of C4 and C5 give pains in the shoulder and collarbone, a decrease in the tone of the muscles of the head and neck, hiccups, breathing disorders and pain in the heart;The
- C6 lesion is most common, giving pain from the neck to the shoulder blade, the forearm, down to the thumbs, the skin sensitivity may suffer:
- C7 lesion gives similar symptoms with pain in the neck, back of the shoulder, down to the rear of the hand,and decreased reflexes.
Blood circulation disorders due to compression of vessels in the cervical vertebrae give headaches right up to migraine, severe dizziness, visual disturbances and tinnitus, flies before the eyes, vegetative function disorders.
There may be manifestations of cardiac syndrome with a squeezing pain of the heart, lack of air and palpitations, rhythm disturbances.
Serious complications of cervical osteochondrosis are
- protrusion of intervertebral discs with the formation of a hernia( protrusion);
- rupture of the intervertebral disc with the infringement of nerves and blood vessels, it is possible to squeeze the spinal cord, which can lead to death;
- can also be radiculopathy( lesions of roots), the formation of osteophytes( thorns on the bodies of the vertebrae) with the manifestation of paresis and paralysis.
If you have the above complaints, you need to contact an orthopedic doctor or neurologist.
First of all, the doctor will assess mobility and soreness in the neck, sensitivity and other functional disorders. Then, the x-ray of the cervical region will be required in several projections, if necessary, computer tomography or magnetic resonance scanning if a hernia is suspected.
In case of blood circulation disorders, rheoencephalography and examination of the fundus are needed.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
Today there are both traditional and nontraditional methods of treating osteochondrosis in the cervical spine.
Basically, conservative methods are used:
- symptomatic therapy with analgesics( baralgin, analgin, ketorol) for the removal of the pain syndrome
- administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam) - to relieve inflammation and swelling of
- tissues, spasmolytic drugs are used to eliminate muscle spasms -but-shpu, preparations for improvement of blood circulation - midokalm, trental.
In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, substances that restore the structure of the intervertebral discs are used - chondroprotectors( teraflex, artracin).
The course of vitamin B group therapy is shown, external means for therapy are applied - gels and ointments, creams with anti-inflammatory, warming and anesthetic components - voltaren, diclogel, nikofleks. Stimulants of intervertebral disk regeneration are shown - teraflex or chondroxide.
Excellent help in the treatment of osteochondrosis acupressure and general massage, acupuncture, physiotherapy, physiotherapy and gymnastics. A well-proven method of osteopathy - a soft effect on the "clamped" zones of muscles and vertebrae.
In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, it is recommended to wear a special collar( collar of Shants).
Complications of cervical osteochondrosis with intervertebral hernias, which impair sensitivity and circulation, can be treated promptly.
The duration of treatment depends on the neglect of the condition, since osteochondrosis is a progressive chronic disease. Treatment can be lengthy, and preventive courses are conducted for life.
Proper nutrition will help significantly alleviate the condition with osteochondrosis. More details about the principles of diet for osteochondrosis in our separate article.
Exercises for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis:
- Self-stretching: in the position with a straight back, it is necessary to lower the shoulders as low as possible, while the neck needs to be pulled upwards. It is necessary to make at least 10 approaches at least 3 times a day.
- Self-massage: grab the neck with a towel, take it by the ends and pull for them alternately, stretching the muscles of the neck. In this case, you need to ensure that the towel does not slip over the neck( did not rub it).
- Gymnastics for the cervical part for osteochondrosis: small neck flexions are shown, as well as turns and inclinations of the head. At a time, 5-7 slopes are made in each direction. It is most useful to perform this exercise after self-massage of the cervical spine.
The basis of the health of the cervical spine is a strong and healthy back, physical activity, comfortable bed with anatomic pillows and mattress, proper posture and proper nutrition.
It is necessary to avoid neck injuries and lifting weights. It is necessary to combine a long sitting with rest periods and warm-up.
This article is based on the materials of the book "Diseases of the spine", ed. Doctor of medical sciences, prof. Yeliseyeva Yu. Yu., M, 2008
Diagnosis on the symptoms of
Find out your probable of disease and to which doctor should go.
8-15 minutes, there is a free option.
Causes of the disease
Cervical vertebrae are much less than in other areas of the spinal column( thoracic, lumbosacral), however, the motor activity and the load that lies on them are substantial - thanks to them we turn, lift up, lower down, as well as doing many other head movements. In addition, the main artery supplying blood to the brain passes here, and, as is known, it is the blood that delivers nutrients and oxygen to the organs. Similarly, the vertebral column of the cervical section contains a mass of vessels, nerve endings, which are squeezed( this occurs when the intervertebral discs are destroyed) can cause impaired motor activity and lead to disability.
Some reasons for the development of cervical osteochondrosis, we have already listed above, but this is not all. There are several factors contributing to the development of the disease, it is:
- heredity - if the disease is transmitted from generation to generation, then most likely you will not be an exception;
- injury, not correct posture, scoliosis are also the main causes leading to osteochondrosis;
- frequent location in an unrelated body position ( for example, holding the phone with your shoulder);
- weak physical preparation and vice versa, excessive load;
- is a metabolic disorder of in the body;
- prolonged exposure in the voltage and not the correct position during sleep;
- abnormalities of cervical vertebrae, stress, frequent nervousness - all these are the reasons "due to" which the risk of osteochondrosis is great.
Circulatory disturbances, muscle spasms, displacement and alteration of the structure of intervertebral discs, the appearance of osteophytes, hernias, hypoxia of the head, as well as spinal cord, headache and many other symptoms, the causes of which we already know, are accompanied by cervical osteochondrosis.
Symptomatic of the disease
The initial stage of the disease does not manifest itself in any way, it is more like fatigue, overstrain, a feeling of discomfort that is periodic.
Therefore, people often do not pay attention to the "first bell", which the body gives us a hint that we would immediately seek medical attention and begin treatment. By the way, at the initial stage, the disease can be completely cured in almost 100% of cases, and without resorting to drug therapy, but using exclusively curative gymnastics and changing one's lifestyle.
Symptoms to which you should pay attention first:
- crunch - try to rotate the head, if the characteristic sound is present, it means that the degenerate process is already running;
- pain in the neck region bearing a periodic, not significant character;
- sensation of heaviness , sometimes numbness of the upper limbs, as well as headaches - all these symptoms directly indicate that the treatment should begin immediately.
Quite often the symptoms of the disease can be confused with manifestations of other ailments, so after coming to the doctor and complaining about severe pain in the head, ringing in the ears or blurred vision, the person is very surprised when after examination the specialist diagnoses his osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra.
It's no wonder, some of the symptoms are really very similar to other diseases, and before you begin treatment, you should definitely establish a diagnosis.
Symptoms indicative of a later stage of the disease:
- permanent pain - in the shoulder girdle, upper limbs, neck, occipital region of the head, the causes of this infringement of nerve roots;
- sensation of weakness and decreased sensitivity( numbness) in the hands;
- crunch , partial immobility when moving head;
- impaired coordination of movements , accompanied by weakness and dizziness;deterioration of visual, auditory function;
- patient is in poor control of his actions and speech.
All these symptoms are not just unpleasant, but even dangerous for a person, the latter can lead to the fact that without outside help a person can not perform elementary actions( even serve himself), remaining disabled for life. In order to avoid irreversible changes with the first symptoms, contact a specialist who, after diagnosing the disease, will prescribe a constructive treatment for you.
How to treat
It usually happens that experiencing constant, severe pain for a long time a person only then turns to a doctor for help, and, having removed pain syndrome, believes that treatment can be completed on this. How deeply these people are mistaken.
Degenerative processes occurring in the bone, cartilaginous tissue of the spine, which accompanies not only the pain, but all the above factors can not be cured with anesthesia alone. In addition, you should know that treatment of osteochondrosis is a long process( at least 3 months) of , but even such a long-term therapy is not able to cure the disease completely.
To achieve significant success after long-term remission is possible only in a complex effect on the problem - with osteochondrosis apply medication, physiotherapy, gymnastics, as well as massage, maybe even acupuncture.
Initially, the doctor prescribes the administration of NSAIDs - Voltaren, Movalis, Diclofenac, Ketanov and other preparations of the non-steroid group, in order to calm pain, inflammation, swelling of the damaged nerve process. To improve metabolic processes it is useful to use B group vitamins, in particular thiamine.
To remove the pain syndrome and adjust the metabolic processes are paramount actions, then it is recommended to use chondroprotectors, glucosamine, for example, Chondroxide, Structuvit, to restore the cartilaginous tissue. In addition, you need to relax the spasmodic muscle frame by taking muscle relaxants - Midokalm, Tizanidin, others. Experiencing constant pain, a person is disturbed by a psychoemotional state, depression develops, so specialists often prescribe sedatives.
Along with medication, physiotherapy is prescribed. Thanks to it, medicines are delivered directly to the site of the lesion, affecting point-wise to the problem. It can be electrophoresis, magnetotherapy, ultrasound and other procedures that the doctor appoints individually to each patient. Also, based on individual characteristics, the patient is selected therapeutic gymnastic exercises, having learned that a person must be fulfilled all his life, this will help prevent a relapse.
Early treatment to the doctor and diagnosis of the disease are the first steps to a successful recovery, and strict compliance with all medical prescriptions will allow you to return to a full and active life.
Whom in the throat why it arises
Cervical vertebrae undergo degenerative-dystrophic changes in osteochondrosis, they become deformed, become heterogeneous, shift, making it difficult to perform their main locomotor function, because it is thanks to them that we can rotate, tilt,to rotate the head. In addition, pathological changes occurring here disrupt the neurovegetative function. This segment of the spine contains large vessels, arteries, a spinal canal passes through it, which contains nerve fibers and endings, and, of course, the esophagus with the trachea.
The displaced, deformed( due to the disease) vertebral discs infringe the nerve endings, squeeze the blood vessels, accompanies all this inflammatory process.
The result of this pathology is deterioration of blood supply to the brain, impaired motor activity, pain syndrome, as well as spasmodic muscular skeleton of the upper segment of the shoulder. It is the muscular spasm of the larynx that gives such a sensation as a lump in the throat, perspiration, constant discomfort allegedly from the presence of a foreign body.
As such, a lump that a person feels in the larynx is missing, such a symptom is caused by the dislocation of the discs, the infringement of the nerve roots and, as a result, spasms of the cervical musculature. It is characteristic that the lump in the throat with osteochondrosis always affects only one part of the larynx( right or left), which is why the symptom is almost identical to the manifestation of the inflammation of the tonsils, which the person begins to treat, independently. Only after multiple unsuccessful attempts to recover, the patient resorts to qualified medical care.
As already mentioned, dislocating in one particular direction, the discs pinch the nerve fibers and it is in this pathologically altered cervical region that a person experiences painful discomfort, a so-called lump in the throat. Foreign body sensation is present constantly, however, there is no difficulty in taking and swallowing food, as well as breathing. The problem is psychological.
Often the symptom intensifies at night, then a person is overcome with panic, fear of suffocation and death arises. Against the background of constant discomfort, an inability to cope with the problem, people develop psychoemotional disorders, depression on this basis, and panic fears for their lives.
Foreign body sensation is a concomitant symptom of many ailments, such as oncological neoplasms, inflammatory, infectious processes, diaphragmatic hernia, esophageal pathology( eg, constriction).It is unambiguous to say that a lump in the throat is a pathology caused by osteochondrosis of the cervical segment of the spine, therefore the diagnosis process is a very important stage on the way to recovery.
Self-understand that pain and discomfort in the larynx are concomitant symptoms of not inflammatory-infectious process inherent in angina, and any other ailment can be by simple diagnosis:
- opening the mouth, examine the throat - in a healthy person it is pale pink, withangina is characterized by scarlet red tint;
- Another symptom of angina is the increased body temperature( from 38.5 degrees).
If anything like that you did not find, then a lump in the throat is a manifestation of another ailment, possibly an osteochondrosis, it can be reliably confirmed only by the doctor after the necessary studies have been carried out.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region has a lot of manifestations, which at the initial stage of the disease do not make themselves felt. Progressing, the ailment accompanies pain, numbness of the limbs, decreased skin sensitivity, dizziness, muscle weakness, dyspnea appears. If the discomfort felt in the larynx is associated with similar symptoms, with almost 100% accuracy it can be argued that a person is sick with osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae.
Applying for qualified help, you know that one neuropathologist can not do one's inspection here. In order to exclude all symptomatically similar diseases, you must be examined by an otolaryngologist and gastroenterologist. In addition, it is mandatory to conduct a radiographic study, which will clearly show( or disprove) the degree of damage to the vertebrae. The same procedure is prescribed for examination of the esophagus. However, the most informative method is still magnetic resonance imaging.
Based on the results of the examination, the patient is prescribed a constructive treatment to eliminate the symptoms and manifestations of osteochondrosis.
To get rid of one specific symptom, such as a lump in the throat, it is impossible to treat the treatment directly to eliminate the causes that provoked the development of osteochondrosis. Complex conservative treatment is the best option, however, do not flatter yourself, the path to recovery is a fairly long duration of at least 3 months.
Usually, along with drug treatment, which includes the administration of NSAIDs, chondroprotectors, glucosamine, muscle relaxants and quite often sedative drugs, a course of physiotherapeutic procedures is prescribed( they strengthen the action of medications).
As the acute pain syndrome is removed, the specialist recommends to undergo a course of massage therapy, which is quite effective for cervical osteochondrosis. In addition, in order to strengthen, restore( relieve stress), the muscular cervical structure of the cervical department will show you special therapeutic exercises, and the manual therapist will help restore the correct position of the vertebrae.
All procedures should be performed exclusively by a competent specialist, manual therapy at home can not only exacerbate the course of the disease, but also lead to irreversible consequences, such as a complete loss of motor activity of the extremities.