Signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Signs of cervical osteochondrosis

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

General information on

disease Cervical osteochondrosis is a progressive disease that leads to pathological changes in the human musculoskeletal system. As a result of these changes, intervertebral discs and joints are destroyed. In recent years, this disease occurs more often, and affects people mostly young age( 30-40 years).

Painful sensations in the neck - one of the main signs of cervical osteochondrosis

Painful sensations in the neck - one of the main signs of cervical osteochondrosis

It can be affected as one department of the spine, and several. The number of diseased departments will depend on the clinical manifestations of osteochondrosis. In the lumbar region, osteochondrosis is more common than in the cervical region. But the cervical appearance of the disease causes much more trouble. This is because the cervical region has a lot of nerve fibers and endings.

The main reasons for the development of osteochondrosis. Stages of the disease course

A few years ago, osteochondrosis was considered a lot of old people, but today it is more and more often found in the younger generation. There are many factors that can cause the disease, the main ones:

  • excess weight;
  • scoliosis;
  • impaired posture;
  • has a history of trauma in the dorsal region;
  • the metabolism is broken;
  • excessive physical labor;
  • insufficient physical preparation;
  • frequent stress;
  • lack of mobility;
  • supercooling;
  • presence of infection in the body.

The disease can occur in four stages.

The first stage is marked by instability, manifested in the first violations of the vertebral disc.

Clinical features of the disease

Clinical features of the disease

The main clinical manifestation of the second stage is the protrusion of the discs, which is manifested by a decrease in the intervertebral fissure. As a result, the fibrous ring is destroyed and a feeling of pain arises due to the jamming of nerve endings.

In the third stage, the ring is completely destroyed, and intervertebral hernias appear. At that moment, the spine deforms.

The latest, fourth stage is the most difficult and dangerous. The patient can hardly move, since the slightest movement causes severe sharp pain. There may be a short-term improvement in the patient's condition, but one should not be prematurely encouraged, since this improvement indicates bone growth. These sprouting contribute to the joining of the vertebrae, which leads to limited movement and disability.

The main signs of the disease

The first and brightest sign of developing cervical osteochondrosis is the pain syndrome. The localization of pain can be not only in the cervical region, but also in the shoulder region. Pain syndrome can cause severe headaches, which often go to migraines, and most unpleasant, migraine is not stopped by anesthetics.

Migraine as a symptom of cervical osteochondrosis

Migraine as a symptom of cervical osteochondrosis

The next prominent symptom of the disease is nausea. Nausea occurs as a result of circulatory disorders in the cerebral vessels. This sign often entails loss of appetite and weight, which is manifested by a lack of nutrients in the body. In addition to nausea, the patient can have continuous vomiting, which can provoke any turns or inclinations of the head, slow movement. This is due to the fact that the blood circulation in the arteries of the spinal column is disturbed and oxygen enters the inner ear in insufficient quantities.

Due to the fact that the arteries of the spine are poorly supplied, the basic functions of the inner ear are violated, this provokes the presence of such symptoms as noise or ringing in the ears. Often there is a decrease in hearing. Such deviations may also occur if the vertebral column is affected. But the main difference of the osteochondrosis of the cervical part is that such sensations arise only when the position is not quite comfortable, in which the patient is for a long time.

Office workers - at risk

Office workers - at risk

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis can sometimes manifest only one symptom - pharyngeal. The patient indicates a perspiration in the throat and sensation of an alien body in the larynx, dryness, difficulty swallowing.

Infringement of sight is seldom observed. These disorders are manifested in the form of: blurring objects, reducing visual acuity, inability to focus on a certain subject, flickering midges. Vision for the whole time of the course of the disease can then worsen, then improve.

A patient suffering from this disease may suddenly lose consciousness. This condition provokes the termination of blood supply to the cerebral arteries. It arises from the spasm of the arteries, which appears as a result of irritation of the nerve endings, which are damaged by the sprouting bone processes of the vertebrae. If the patient is laid horizontally and his legs are raised, he will very quickly recover. Since the outflow of blood from the veins of the feet will increase, and thereby improve the blood circulation of the brain.

Disturbances in osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis disorders

Often patients complain of unstable blood pressure, dizziness, changes in body temperature. And the last sign, will testify to the presence in the body of another infectious focus. Because with cervical osteochondrosis, there is an increase in temperature and hyperemia only in the affected area.

Despite such a large number of signs in which it is possible to suspect cervical osteochondrosis, its most important symptom will depend on the cause of the disease. Allocate the following syndromes: radicular, irrational-reflex, cardinal, compression of the spinal cord.

Treatment of the disease

Treatment of this disease is complex and includes medical treatment, surgery, physical therapy, massage, physiotherapy.

The very first action in the treatment of this disease is the removal of pain and inflammation in the affected area. First of all, the patient is prescribed funds of the NSAID group and analgesics. Recently, a very good positive effect gives such a tool as Movalis. It is good that it can be taken quite a long time and not be afraid of side effects. The drug well relieves pain and helps reduce inflammation.

A very important role in the treatment is played by chondroprotectors, which do not allow the cartilaginous tissue to disintegrate further and even contribute to its recovery. These drugs include: Teraflex, Aflutop, Arthra and others.



A good positive effect brings the use of external agents, in the form of gels and ointments. Quite popular: Finalgon, Fastum-gel, Ketonal. The greatest effect of these drugs can be achieved by massage, that is, we apply the gel to the affected area and massage the skin.

Only in the most extreme cases, when conservative treatment has not brought any results, the patient can be recommended surgical treatment.


In order to avoid the appearance of cervical osteochondrosis, several recommendations should be followed. It's to try to lead an active lifestyle, to exercise as much as possible, or at least do exercises in the morning. If you have a sedentary work regime, then during the working day several times, warm up the neck. Also sufficiently important is a properly matched mattress and pillow, they should be comfortable and not be discomfort during sleep.

Video - Signs of cervical osteochondrosis

Symptoms and signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Table of contents:

  • Classification of symptoms in the disease
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Lack of air
  • Noise and ringing in the ears
  • Pharyngeal symptoms
  • Visual impairment
  • Lossof consciousness
  • Instability of pressure
  • Dizziness
  • Temperature

Osteochondrosis is a pathological change in the musculoskeletal system, in which the intervertebral disruptioncing discs and joints. This disease is so common that some of its signs are observed in 75% of people over thirty.

Both one and several departments of the spine may be affected, depending on which clinic the diseases( i.e., the totality of the manifestations of the disease) will be different. The greatest burden falls on the lumbar region, so he suffers most often. However, signs of cervical osteochondrosis, as a rule, cause much more problems. This is due to the fact that in this area there is a large number of nerve fibers and endings, as well as blood vessels that supply blood to the brain.

structure of the spine

Classification of symptoms in

The clinic of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be associated with a violation of three body systems:

  1. Direct compression and disruption of the integrity of the spinal cord passing through the spinal canal. These signs are quite rare, only in far-reaching cases.

  2. The effect of the pathological process on the peripheral nervous system: that is, on the spines that depart from the spinal cord, which are located in the immediate vicinity of the foci of destruction of bone-cartilaginous tissue.

  3. Disturbance of blood flow through vertebral arteries, which take an active part in the delivery of nutrients and oxygen to the cells of the brain.

vertebral arteries

Spine in a cut, top view

Let's talk about the most common symptoms in more detail.


Pain sensations in osteochondrosis in the cervical spine are the most common symptom. They can be localized either directly in the neck, and spread to the shoulders and occipital muscles, and also accompanied by a headache. In the latter case, migraine-like conditions occur, when conventional analgesics are ineffective.


Nausea and belching of the air with osteochondrosis in the cervical spine are associated with impaired blood flow through the vessels of the brain. This symptom often leads to a significant decrease in appetite and body weight, and the body may be deficient in nutrients. Sometimes the patient not only has nausea, but also indomitable vomiting, which can be provoked by head turns, slopes and even ordinary walking. This is due to the violation of blood flow through the vertebral arteries and the insufficient supply of oxygen to the inner ear, where the center of equilibrium is located.

Air shortage

A feeling of air shortage that develops when the cervical spine is injured is a symptom of irritation of the diaphragmatic nerve( this nerve enters the cervical plexus and is involved in the regulation of the depth and frequency of breathing).The patient has difficulty breathing, the inability to breathe in full breast - all this leads to the fact that a person begins to lack oxygen and breathlessness up to choking.

At the same time, there may be nighttime bouts of breathing, which, as a rule, are accompanied by snoring. Especially often they occur when the head is awkward during sleep. If the room lacks access to fresh air saturated with oxygen, then a person experiences hypoxia( ie oxygen starvation - a lower oxygen content in the tissues).Because of all this, he often wakes up tired, and during the whole day there is weakness and malaise. With a chronic lack of oxygen, irreversible changes in brain tissue can occur, which lead to a decrease in memory and attention.

Noise and ringing in the ears

The vestibular apparatus is only supplied from the vertebral artery system, so for cervical disorders, symptoms associated with impairment of the inner ear function are observed quite often: it is noise and ringing in the ears. Also, a general decrease in hearing can be added to the sound sensations. Together, these symptoms are called cochlear( cochlear) syndrome.

It is quite difficult to determine the relationship of this syndrome with the lesion of the spinal column. But with the defeat of the cervical department, a distinctive feature is that noise in the ears appears with a prolonged stay in a forced position, while in other diseases this is not observed.

Pharynx Symptoms

Sometimes, the only manifestation of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are, so-called, pharyngeal symptoms. They include a feeling of perspiration in the throat or foreign body in the throat, as well as dryness, itching and difficulty swallowing. These signs are associated with a violation of the nerve-vascular trunks coming from the spinal cord. It is important to remember that similar manifestations can be observed in other diseases: for example, in the inflammatory or tumor process.

Visual impairment

Since the visual analyzer is supplied with not only vertebral arteries, but also sleepy arteries, the disruption of its function is less common. To the appearance of visual symptoms, patients with atherosclerosis of cerebral arteries or low blood pressure are prone.

Most often, patients complain of:

  • fogging of objects or sensation of a veil before the eyes,
  • reduction in visual acuity,
  • flickering of dots or swimming "sorinok",
  • violation of focusing on any object.

In this case, for a short period of time, vision can become better, sometimes worse.

In this case( with osteochondrosis), the use of eyeglasses or gymnastics for the eyes does not eliminate the symptoms, while against the background of treatment of the spinal column the condition improves significantly.

Sudden loss of consciousness

Sudden loss of consciousness( syncopal conditions) develops in patients with osteochondrosis in the cervical spine due to the temporary cessation of blood flow to the cerebral arteries. At the heart of this condition is a pronounced spasm of the arteries, which arises in response to the irritation of the nerve endings by deformed bony spines of the vertebrae.

In this case, the patient quickly comes to his senses, if you translate it into a horizontal position with your legs raised. Do this in order to increase the outflow of blood from the veins of the legs and thereby improve the blood supply to the brain. Very rarely, within a few days after the attack, verbal and motor disturbances can be observed, but since the circulatory arrest was short-lived, all these symptoms are reversible.

Instability of arterial pressure

Instability of arterial pressure arises from the violation of the blood supply of the medulla oblongata in which the vasomotor center is located.


The clinic of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine often begins with dizziness. It arises from the decrease in the supply of oxygen to the semicircular tubules of the inner ear, which are responsible for the equilibrium and are located in the brain. This symptom can be accompanied by vibrational movements of the pupils vertically or horizontally( nystagmus).

Temperature change

Temperature in osteochondrosis in the cervical spine usually does not deviate from the norm. Any increase in body temperature indicates the presence of an infection in the body or another factor leading to the activation of the immune system( tumor, autoimmune process).With osteochondrosis, only a local increase in skin temperature( hyperemia) can be observed in the immediate area of ​​the lesion( that is, in the neck region).

It is important to remember that if you have determined signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine - it is necessary to seek medical help. Timely diagnosis, treatment, massage and exercise therapy will slow or stop the process of destruction of the spine and eliminate unpleasant manifestations of the disease.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms

Osteochondrosis is an ailment that can affect various parts of the spine. In this case, each type of osteochondrosis has its manifestations and consequences. Very difficult and dangerous is osteochondrosis, affecting the cervical spine. This disease refers to progressive diseases, that is, the symptoms can gradually increase, and the disorders associated with it, aggravated.

Clinic of the disease

Clinic of the disease

The main pathology that occurs in cervical osteochondrosis is degenerative-dystrophic disorders in the functioning of intervertebral discs that are located in the neck region. The cervical spine is the most movable and allows you to make turns and head inclinations. It consists of seven discs, but it has rather weak muscles.

Despite this, this department is constantly under tension, as it is necessary to keep the head in the desired position. That is why the cervical spine is very prone to osteochondrosis.

Stages of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

To date, there are four main stages of osteochondrosis, which differ in the degree of damage and, accordingly, symptoms. The first stage of cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by instability and initial disturbances in the functioning of vertebral discs.

Features of the disease

Features of the disease

The second stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by protrusion of the discs. That is, the gap between the vertebrae decreases, the fiber ring is destroyed. Such a process can cause painful sensations, which are manifested due to pinching of nerves. The final destruction of the fibroid ring occurs in the third stage of osteochondrosis, which leads to the formation of an intervertebral hernia. Such violations lead to deformation of the entire spine and, accordingly, to its external changes.

The most severe is the fourth stage of osteochondrosis, due to the fact that at this stage the patient feels severe pain even with the slightest movements. This, in turn, affects a person's ability to move freely. Also at this stage, bone growth can occur, which can reduce pain syndrome by limiting mobility. But such changes in the structure of the spine are very dangerous and can even lead to disability.

Stages of osteochondrosis

The stages of osteochondrosis

The causes of the appearance of cervical osteochondrosis

Despite the fact that people are considered to be the main category of the population susceptible to osteochondrosis over 40, now this disease occurs more often among young people. Now statistics show that osteochondrosis can occur at the age of 18 years. The prevalence of this disease is caused, in the first place, by a large number of causes of occurrence.

The appearance of osteochondrosis can result in incorrect posture, excess weight, back injury, and curvature of the spine.

Incorrect posture is one of the reasons for osteochondrosis

Incorrect posture is one of the causes of osteochondrosis

Moreover, this disease is very common in people with disrupted metabolism and weak physical preparation. Excessive physical activity, improper training, stressful situations, inactive way of life can also provoke the appearance of osteochondrosis. And, of course, you can not let out of sight infectious diseases, as well as elementary hypothermia, as this can subsequently cause the appearance of osteochondrosis.

This disease, like osteochondrosis, can be considered an extension of the muscle contraction, the result of this is a muscle spasm that affects the mobility of the cervical vertebrae. Such processes can lead to a violation of blood circulation, curvature of the posture, and this, in turn, causes changes in the structure of the spine and the clamping of nerve endings.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Since the cervical spine contains many blood vessels that provide nutrition to the human brain, it is understandable that with cervical osteochondrosis, symptoms can arise due to impaired blood circulation of the brain. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms in principle are quite pronounced, so it is difficult to pay attention to them.

The main signs of cervical osteochondrosis can be considered rapid headaches, dizziness, which can sometimes be accompanied by fainting, changes in gait due to impaired coordination and so on.

Pain sensations - one of the symptoms of osteochondrosis

Pain sensations - one of the symptoms of osteochondrosis

Very often, a patient with such a diagnosis has a hearing and vision impairment, the state of the teeth deteriorates, the voice can change and snoring may appear. Given the fact that during the osteochondrosis the nerve is squeezed, it is possible that the patient will not be able to feel the fingers, and he can feel weakness in his hands.

In addition to all of the above, it is worth noting that, due to pinching of the nerve, there may be pain in the throat or neck, moreover, in patients with cervical osteochondrosis there may be toothache. Painful sensations in osteochondrosis can extend to the area of ​​the arms and shoulders, moreover, in the process of exacerbation of the disease, the pain will constantly increase. Severe pain can cause dizziness and even nausea.

All of the above symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis can be called common, as they can indicate different diseases. But, in addition to this, there are symptoms that character is for cervical osteochondrosis. All the symptoms of this disease can be divided according to the area of ​​the lesion. For example, radicular syndromes, which are also called cervical radiculitis, arise from the pinching of the nerve in the neck. That is why these symptoms are directly related to the squeezing of the nerve.

Pain sensations in this syndrome can spread from the neck and reach right up to the fingers. In addition to pain, radicular syndromes imply tingling in the fingers, forearm, or hands. Irrative-reflex syndromes are manifested by acute pain in the neck and occipital region. Especially severe pain after sleeping or sneezing, sharp turns of the head are also accompanied by pain. Pain often with such syndromes is so strong that it can even be given to the shoulder region and thorax.

Symptoms of vertebral artery syndrome are migraine, that is, severe pulsating pain that can spread to the temple, the superciliary area, the darkness and the back of the neck. The pain is permanent, and sometimes even attacks may occur. Particularly acute pain is manifested with an uncomfortable position of the head or irregular movements. After a certain period, the pain may reach such a scale that hearing and vision deterioration may occur.

In addition to the above, there is also a cardinal syndrome of osteochondrosis. It is characterized by symptoms similar to angina, this often leads to improper treatment. Cardinal syndrome is accompanied by paroxysmal pain, which can have several hours duration. In addition, the patient may experience irregularities in the work of other internal organs, especially tachycardia.

Prophylaxis of cervical osteochondrosis

Prophylactic methods will help a person avoid the development of such a disease as osteochondrosis. Prevention of this disease can consist in the regular performance of special physical exercises. In addition, a person should avoid hypothermia, stressful situations and overstrain.

LFK - an effective variant of the prevention of the disease

It is necessary to control the pressure on the spine, not to give sharp loads and, if necessary, get rid of excess weight. And, of course, a prerequisite is proper nutrition and the absence of bad habits. Observance of all preventive methods will help to get rid of the likelihood of osteochondrosis and exclude the need to perform expensive and long-term treatment of this disease.

Video - Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms

Signs of cervical osteochondrosis and their treatment

Symptoms of

The clinical picture of cervical osteochondrosis depends on the stage of the disease, but the main signs: pain, dizziness, nausea, pre-fainting or fainting, unstablepressure.

Pain syndrome

The most common symptom of osteochondrosis is systematic pain with the slightest movement of the head.

The very first, the most important sign of cervical osteochondrosis is pain, which at the initial stage passes quickly, later on, assuming a chronic character. Pain sensations are localized around the neck, in the shoulder area, the occipital muscles, intensifying when turning or tilting the head.

But, often in patients with such symptoms, weakness of the left little finger is detected, a decrease in the strength of the muscles that provide flexion-extension movements of the hands.

Pain sensations in the heart area tend to be strengthened by raising hands, turning the neck.

Neck shots

Neck piercings are another symptom of cervical osteochondrosis, characterized by a sharp, severe pain syndrome, in which there is a general numbness and hardening of the neck muscles. Patients with this symptoms occupy a characteristic posture - the neck is slightly pushed forward and is withdrawn slightly to the side. Rotational movements of the neck and head - are limited.

Extraneous sounds, crunching when turning the head

In cases of cervical osteochondrosis, often with sharp turns of the neck, head, when the head is thrown over, after a long uncomfortable situation, noise phenomena occur.

Instability of arterial pressure

An indication of cervical osteochondrosis can be unstable spasmodic arterial pressure, which arises from the violation of blood supply to the brain. Blood pressure can either increase or decrease.


A frequent sign of cervical osteochondrosis is dizziness. Patients report that dizziness is spontaneous in nature. The reason for dizziness is the insufficient supply of oxygen to the channels of the inner ear. The channels of the inner ear are in the brain, responsible for the balance. Often dizziness may occur with any movement of the neck or head, after sleeping during a sharp ascent.

Vegetosovascular disorders

In the patient with cervical osteochondrosis, vegetative disorders are observed, including nausea, vomiting, dizziness.

Sensitivity disorder

Signs of acute cervical osteochondrosis can be a violation of sensitivity, in the zone of innervation of the disease often there is a violation of trophism of skin: tingling, sensation of chills, pallor, numbness, burning or cold.

Neuralgic disorders

On the background of cervical osteochondrosis, memory, sleep, and concentration of attention can be impaired. Specialists observe the appearance of unreasonable anxiety in patients, often instability of emotions.

Pharynx symptoms

Sometimes the only sign of the disease is a pharyngeal symptom. It is characterized by a sensation of perspiration in the throat, sometimes there is a feeling that there is a foreign body in the throat, a pharyngeal symptom is indicated by dryness, itching and difficulty swallowing.

It should be remembered that such manifestations of the disease can be noted in other diseases: for example, with inflammation of the larynx and pharynx or tumor process.

Visual impairment of

In osteochondrosis, patients notice signs of visual impairment, among which most often appear:

  • misting or "veil" before the eyes;
  • decreased visual acuity;
  • flashing "flies", dots in front of the eyes;
  • focus violation of objects.

Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis

Blockade is administered only in extreme cases, when the usual medical treatment does not help

. During the exacerbation of the disease it is forbidden to perform gymnastics and massage therapy. If the pain is severe and the usual anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics are not removed, specialists prescribe for treatment of blockade and complex treatment, including several types of drugs of different spectrum of action.

As a rule, for doctors of osteochondrosis, doctors prescribe complex treatment as the most effective and effective, including medications in the form of tablets, ointments and injections:

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

The best prevention of the disease is a healthy and mobile lifestyle. Daily morning exercises, long walks in the fresh air, sports and active rest will make the appearance of osteochondrosis impossible or at least reduce it to a minimum.

If the disease has already arisen, its symptoms will somehow manifest themselves in the near future and need not be ignored. Osteochondrosis can be treated with preventive methods, if you do not start it.(On the topic: prevention of osteochondrosis of the cervical department).

Why there is a strong pain syndrome

  1. The defeat of the joints of the spine leads to the fact that some important nerve fibers and blood vessels are pinched. The body starts signaling that everything is not right with him, sending the first painful sensations to the brain. To prevent the effect of squeezing, he calls for help muscular spasm. Overextended muscles in turn exert pressure on the nerves and capillaries inside them, strengthening the development of the pain syndrome.
  2. The development of the disease leads to clamping of the artery passing through the holes in the vertebrae, which causes starvation of the brain, which does not receive oxygen and useful elements in the right quantities, and, in addition, leads to an increase in blood pressure.
  3. The growth of arterial pressure causes the development of pain syndrome, which begins to respond also in the nape. Similar symptoms are similar to the manifestation of hypertension, so some patients turn to the cardiologist for help, but if the cause is in the osteochondrosis, then in the heart area no pathologies will be identified by specialists.

Diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis

In modern medicine today there are many different ways that help to correctly notice the signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine and not only. If there are suspicions that the symptoms are caused by osteochondrosis, then in order to accurately establish this fact, you should visit a neurologist or orthopedist. If the disease has been developing for a while, then even an ordinary X-ray can help to identify it, which will show a reduction in diameter in the intervertebral foramen, bone growths and changes in the volume of intervertebral discs.

However, a greater accuracy of diagnosis is observed in another method - computed tomography, since the initial stages of osteochondrosis will not be able to detect the x-ray. Also, the magnetic resonance imaging( MRI) disease is well defined.

Signs of osteochondrosis of the neck

The first symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are frequent headaches and an increase in blood pressure.(On the topic: cervical osteochondrosis and arterial pressure).

Headache is observed in almost every patient. It manifests itself on an ongoing basis, the use of analgesics not so much relieves it, how much it allows to weaken the effect. If the patient makes sudden movements with the body or head, then the pain syndrome increases. The same development of events is observed with long preservation of an uncomfortable position - during sleep or while working at a computer. Owing to the latter factor, osteochondrosis often appears in office employees, forced to spend a long time in a sitting position, without the opportunity to stand up and warm up. When performing sudden movements, for example, getting up from a chair, there may appear fog in the eyes, dizziness, disruption of spatial orientation.

The manifestation of such symptoms occurs due to the pinching of the main blood artery passing through the spine. Free movement of blood begins to interfere with the growth of cartilaginous tissue, which are formed in the area of ​​lesions of intervertebral discs.

The fact that the headaches are a consequence of osteochondrosis is evidenced by the specific nature of their course. Therefore, it is worthwhile to observe the nature of their manifestations, which will help to more accurately determine the cause of the onset of such an unpleasant symptom:

  • the pain sensations differ in a feeling of pressure;
  • pain syndrome does not disappear after taking analgesics;
  • turns the head and the rotation of the eyes dramatically increases discomfort;
  • head movements occur against the background of creaking and crunching in the cervical region;
  • on the background of a painful symptom shows nausea and even vomiting;
  • the patient constantly feels a breakdown;
  • pain in the head and neck can give into the arm and heart area.

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The main symptom of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is headache, which, depending on the form of the disease, extends from the occiput to the parieto-temporal region of the head. In general, with osteochondrosis, the pain symptoms are permanent and take on a sharp shape when the neck of the moves. This condition is predominantly exacerbated in the morning, as during the night the vertebrae of the cervical region are in almost the same position and there is a pinching effect. Quite often, patients have vertebral artery syndrome, which is characterized by dizziness, throbbing headaches and colored spots before the eyes.

Also, osteochondrosis of the spine is often accompanied by vertebrobasilar insufficiency( impaired cerebral circulation in the bacillary and vertebral arteries).The patient may have problems with the vestibular apparatus, with restriction of movement in the cervical spine, dizziness, a constant sensation of discomfort in the neck, numbness in the hands, etc. Quite often there are patients diagnosed with vegetovascular dystonia. If you do not treat cervical osteochondrosis in time, it can cause complications in the form of intervertebral hernia, which in turn increases the period of rehabilitation and treatment of osteochondrosis in general.

If in people under 40 years old the osteochondrosis shows itself enough loyally, at the senior age people quite often lose consciousness at sharp turn of a head. Also, elderly people experience painful symptoms even with a small load on their hands. Therefore, at this age, the osteochondrosis of the spine needs to be treated carefully enough, since there is a possibility of relapse.

Since in the cervical region the vertebrae are located close enough to each other, pathological changes in at least one vertebra lead to a displacement of the last vertebrae or jamming of the vessels feeding the brain. This, in turn, causes numbness in the neck and face, increased fatigue, dizziness, hearing and vision impairment, ear loss, sometimes temperature, instability while walking. Quite often, the symptoms may be nausea, doubling before the eyes, numbness of the tongue, lack of air.

Despite all the above symptoms, the main one is a headache, which is constantly aching. The location of the symptomatology is predominantly in the lateral and posterior parts of the neck. Pain gives in hand and quite often reaches the hand, accompanied by numbness of fingers. The symptom manifests itself in the itch along the arm.

Syndromes as a consequence of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are caused by the following factors: compression of the spinal cord( cervical radiculitis), compression of the spinal cord( myelopathy), spinal cord injuries due to circulatory disorders, syndromes associated with stenosis( constriction)arteries and veins.

Root syndromes( cervical radiculitis)

Symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are associated with the compression of the nerve roots. The pain can be from the neck to the shoulder and extends to the outer surface of the shoulder, forearm and finger brush. This can affect the sensitivity of the skin of the forearm, face, hand and fingers.

Irritated( reflex) syndrome

Symptoms of the disease: intense, penetrating pain in the neck or the occipital and cervical region( especially worse in the morning, with the movement of the head, with coughing, etc.).It can spread in the humerus and on the lateral side of the chest and predominantly has a characteristic dull pain.

Syndrome spinal( disruption of activity due to injury or section) arteries

The main symptoms are headache( paroxysmal persistent, impulsive, which is aggravated by turning the head), dizziness, blurred vision, ringing in the ears. As the disease progresses, permanent circulatory disorders( ischemia) of the brain and spinal cord can develop. Symptoms: nausea, joint pain, loss of consciousness. These signs often occur with a turn of the head.

Cardiac Syndrome

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis, in overwhelming majority, are similar to real symptoms of angina pectoris, but there are no organic changes in the heart. There is a constant pain in the heart, shoulders and neck. Pain is worse when turning the head, during sneezing, etc. Symptoms, such as pain, in the pectoral muscles can occur in the case of compression of the roots in the lower segments of the cervical region of the dorsal region. This syndrome can also occur during diaphragmatic nerve irritation, since the nerve fibers of this nerve go into the pericardium. On the basis of this syndrome, tachycardia and extrasystole may occur.

Cervical osteochondrosis is a lesion of the disks of the cervical vertebrae, as a result of which they are subjected to degenerative-dystrophic changes. The main cause of its development is a violation of the normal course of metabolic processes, which leads to a distortion of the structure of vertebral bodies and cartilaginous discs. In the case of localization in the neck, the symptoms of pathology are largely determined by squeezing large vessels. Methods of treatment are selected depending on the stage, specificity of the course, severity, the main characteristics.

Features of

The cervical form is the most dangerous type of osteochondrosis: it leads to impairment of cerebral circulation, because the vertebral artery passes through this area - one of the largest vessels supplying the brain with necessary substances and oxygen.

The displacement of the vertebrae, abnormal changes and proliferation of bone and fibrous tissue disrupt the normal functioning of the vessel. Specificity of symptoms of osteochondrosis in this part is determined, among other things, by one of the features of the structure of the cervical vertebrae, which consists in their more closely fitting one to the other. As a result, any change in one segment provokes the failure of the entire department.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Clinic depending on the stage

In the course of its development, cervical osteochondrosis passes through four stages. How does it manifest itself on each of them?

  1. Stage 1. It is characterized by the appearance of initial disruption of intervertebral disc stability. Symptoms are weak or nonexistent. There may be not very pronounced pain and local muscle tension.
  2. Stage 2. The protrusion of the discs begins, the cracks between the vertebrae contract, the fibrous ring breaks down. In many cases, due to the compression of the nerve endings, painful sensations appear, mostly of a pinpoint character. They intensify when turning, tilting the neck. Reduces the tone, often there is weakness.
  3. Stage 3. The process of final destruction of the fibrous ring leads to the formation of hernias. This stage is characterized by a significant deformation of the spine. Strengthening of pain and fatigue occur against a background of sensitive disorders and mobility limitations in the affected area.
  4. Stage 4 is the heaviest. Intensive pain syndrome manifests itself in any attempted movement, which entails a significant limitation of mobility of this department. Sometimes the pain subsides, but it does not show improvement, but only indicates an increase in the size of bone growths, which significantly restrict movement. Often they lead to disability of patients.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

When located in the cervical spine, the prevailing symptoms of osteochondrosis are:

Pain is the main symptom of
  • pain in the cervical, occipital, shoulder, arms;
  • restriction of movements, a crunch at various turns, a neck inclination;
  • weakness in the hands;
  • drawing painful sensations in the left half of the chest, radiating into the corresponding arm;
  • burning in the interscapular zone;

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