Should I be afraid of unco-vertebral osteoarthritis of the cervical spine?Unco-vertebral osteoarthritis of the cervical spine is one of the chronic degenerative diseases of the .When it is partially destroyed cartilage tissue located between the vertebrae. Osteoarthritis of cervical vertebrae leads to disruption of the normal movement of the neck and the appearance of various neurologic symptoms, since in this area a large number of blood vessels and bundles of nerves are concentrated.
What causes arthrosis of the neck?
Osteoarthrosis of the cervical spine can be triggered by certain conditions and diseases that can be both congenital and acquired with age. The most dangerous in this case are anomalies in the area of 1-2 cervical vertebrae, for example, the Aulenic syndrome, otherwise called the atlant's occipitalization.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine can be caused by injuries in this department, poliomyelitis, dislocations of the head of the hip bones and flat feet. A significant influence on the appearance of this disease also has excessive weight, lack of exercise( insufficiently active way of life), physical activity with uneven lifting of heavy objects, etc.
What changes occur in the spine
In the neck arthrosis, the intervertebral disc consisting primarily ofcartilaginous tissue and performing the function of a cushioning lining between the vertebral bodies, which, in addition to the above, protects the vessels, nerves and muscles.
Developing, arthrosis thins the cartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae, it reduces the fluid content and, accordingly, the cartilage becomes insufficiently elastic to function in normal mode. Simultaneously with the thinning of the cartilages, osteophytes( bone growths) form on the vertebrae adjacent to the cartilage. The osteophytes grow towards each other. Vertebral arthrosis of the neck is also accompanied by calcification of the ligaments of this part of the spine, which makes them less durable and elastic.
Due to the loss of elasticity, the intervertebral disc begins to protrude forward and backward, thereby squeezing the ligaments that restrict it, and other surrounding tissues. These processes lead to the fact that the symptoms of the disease become noticeable. The first of all the symptoms of vertebral arthrosis is pain in the cervical spine.
Pain syndrome in arthrosis of cervical vertebrae outruns all other symptoms, it appears at the very beginning of the disease. The pain is very intense, it appears locally in that part of the spine that is closest to the affected area. This is due to the fact that the protruding intervertebral disc squeezes the ligaments rich in nerve endings, which causes muscles to reflexively reflex in the region of the affected cervical vertebrae. The continued presence of the muscles in a spasm leads to an even greater deterioration in the ability to move the neck.
At the initial stage, pain symptoms appear from time to time. They can be provoked by sharp movements of the neck( head turns or slopes), as well as lifting heavy objects.
At this stage, vertebral arthrosis of the neck is easy to defeat, it is enough for one to two weeks to correct the damage. If treatment is not started in this period, then later arthrosis of the cervical vertebrae will need to be treated much longer, and the treatment process will be much more difficult.
Subsequent protrusion of the discs causes instability in the cervical region of the spine. Instability of the cervical region with vertebral arthrosis manifests itself in the form of periodic subluxations of the joints of the arcuate processes, accompanied by blunt severe pain in the wound of the affected vertebrae, as well as discomfort in this area of the spine during head turns and at rest. And, if you stay in one position for a while, then the pain and discomfort become stronger. In this regard, to alleviate pain, patients try to change the position of the neck as often as possible. You can do gymnastics or be like.
Symptoms( pain and discomfort) can disappear both on their own and during a manual therapy session. The restoration of normal operation of the vertebrae and intervertebral joints is indicated by a characteristic click, after which the pain passes.
The symptoms of cervical arthrosis also include a strong crunch in this area of the spine during head turns and extension-flexion of the neck joints.
With sufficiently pronounced protrusion of the intervertebral discs, the hernial structures can be squeezed by the nearby blood vessels and roots of the nerves, which causes the patient to have different neurological symptoms. Vertebral arthrosis manifests itself in neurology as follows: pains appear in the chest and chest, arterial pressure "jumps", vision deteriorates, dizziness, headache, sensation of shakiness and instability.
Diagnosis ofFirst of all, when asking questions, the doctor finds out what symptoms the patient has. Then, an examination is performed, whereby by locating painful points the physician locates the muscle spasms. However, this is not enough to diagnose vertebral arthrosis. As a rule, an MRI or X-ray is used to examine the cervical spine. On the images obtained, the specialist will see osteophytes in this section of the spine, signs of vascular and ligament damage near the cervical vertebrae.
Treatment of arthrosis of the cervical vertebrae in most cases is outpatient, that is, not in a hospital, but at home. The main goal of therapy( especially in the acute stage) is the removal of the pain syndrome and the provision of muscle rest in the area of the damaged cervical vertebrae, because during the period of exacerbation the pain sensations increase due to movement.
To reduce the motor activity of this part of the spine, use, for example, the shantz collar, which fixes the neck well and removes the load from the cervical vertebrae and adjacent muscles. When the exacerbation is reduced, it is necessary to gradually restore the motor activity and begin treatment with the help of a light massage and exercise therapy.
Treatment of such a disease as vertebral arthrosis can not be imagined without anesthetics. Typically, the doctor prescribes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( known under the reduction of NSAIDs).These drugs include: naproxen, celecoxib, diclofenac and nimesulide. Independently they can not be taken, because the drug and its dosage should be selected individually. This is due to the fact that some of the NSAIDs, together with a decrease in inflammation and pain, can adversely affect the metabolism of cartilage tissue and, accordingly, aggravate vertebral arthrosis of the neck and complicate treatment.
In case the muscle spasms in the cervical spine are extremely strong and do not pass by themselves, then muscle relaxants are used. Preparations of this group allow spasmodic muscles to relax. An example of such medicines is sirdalud.
Other types of treatment
Since neck arthrosis causes disruption of cartilage supply in this part of the spine, preparations aimed at restoring microcirculation in tissues and antiplatelet agents are introduced into the complex of treatment. For example, kurantil, prodektin, actovegin and pentoksifellin.
It is important to include in the treatment complex and chondroprotectors, which help the cartilaginous tissue of the affected cervical vertebrae to recover. The main drugs of this group are chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine.
Osteoarthritis of the cervical vertebrae can be stopped or reversed with the help of physiotherapy. Popular treatment with sinusoidal modulated currents, phonophoresis, amplipulse therapy, electrophoresis with a solution of analgesics( lidocaine or novocaine), magnetotherapy. During remission, exercise therapy and acupuncture play a good influence.
Symptoms and features of treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is a common disease associated with manifestations of degenerative processes: abrasion and lack of elasticity of intervertebral discs, formation of univervertebral joints. Treatment of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is aimed at eliminating neurological syndromes, for example, visual disturbances, headaches;severe pain in the neck. An important component of complex treatment is the improvement of microcirculation of tissues.
Pain sensations, the inability to perform movements in this disease arise due to processes of destruction of cartilaginous tissue, leading to dysfunction of intervertebral discs, the appearance of bony outgrowths, disruption of the ligamentous apparatus. Uncoarthrosis or deforming arthrosis can arise due to a complex of factors that have both an innate and acquired character.
Development factors of uncoarthrosis
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine can be triggered:
- by osteochondrosis, osteoporosis, myositis, cervical injury;
- abnormalities( congenital) development of the spine;
- intensive physical activity or their insufficiency( hypodynamia);
- incorrect posture, prolonged sedentary work.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
The complex treatment of deforming arthrosis depends on the recognition of the symptoms of the disease, manifested individually or in combination. It can be:
- strong painful sensations, especially when changing position, accompanied by a specific crunch and localized in the neck, shoulder, chest;
- instability of indications of arterial pressure;
- numbness of muscles, limitation of neck mobility;
- attenuation of vision.
The diagnosis is made when several mutually complementary procedures are used.
An accurate diagnosis can be made by a doctor after:
- X-ray study;
- for MRI and CT;
- study of medical history.
If you have one or more symptoms of the disease, you need to consult a specialist. These can be neurologists, arthrologists, vertebrologists, orthopedists, rheumatologists, surgeons. After the course of treatment, you need to see a rehabilitative doctor.
Treatment, its phases and features
The treatment of uncovertebral arthrosis at the initial stage of the disease development is aimed at the elimination of pain. Perhaps the appointment of an orthopedic collar for gradual soft stretching of the spine, non-steroid drugs used for inflammation, medications to relieve pain. Also, drugs are prescribed to improve microcirculation in tissues.
Treatment of the disease at the stage of destabilization of the joints, cartilages and ligaments of the cervical region, is characterized by the use of muscle relaxants, chondroprotectors;osteopathy, acupuncture, traction traction, therapeutic gymnastics, long-term diet, electrophoresis, magnetotherapy and other types of physiotherapy, ultrasound procedures are prescribed. Sometimes hirudotherapy is prescribed.
Treatment is long, term. Surgical intervention is possible to remove osteophytes. However, even after surgery, there are relapses. Therefore, treatment of uncoarthrosis should be repeated periodically. In the event that after a surgical intervention there has not come a stable improvement in the patient's condition and neurological symptoms that significantly affect the quality of life and the ability of patients to exercise sufficient motor activity, disability can be prescribed. Its design is handled by a special commission.
The main thing in the treatment of the disease, prevention of exacerbations and minimization of the risk of other diseases of the spine, is the balance of physical activity and rest periods. In diseases of the spine, especially the cervical region, swimming, walking or special yoga is good for intensive supply of tissues of the spinal column with nutrients, as well as oxygen. But to develop a course of exercises you need to turn to a specialist and not engage in self-medication.
Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine - the causes of, treatment
Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine - a disease that manifests itself in the form of deformation of the intervertebral discs and joints in the cervical spine. The main symptom of this disease is the appearance of pain in this area.
Causes of arthrosis in the cervical part of
One of the most common causes of this disease is high physical activity. Often the cervical spine arthritis occurs due to incorrect posture during prolonged physical work - on the condition of the cartilage and soft tissue surrounding the spine equally negative impact and excessive static and dynamic forces that disrupt normal blood supply of the anatomical region.
Most often, the cause of arthrosis of the cervical spine are high loads of
Any trauma to the neck and back can also provoke the development of cervical spine arthrosis, and between the time of injury and the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease can take several years. Do not forget about inflammation of the spinal column, joint degeneration and deformation of the intervertebral discs. All these phenomena can have a traumatic character or develop due to aging of the body tissues in old age.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine already at the very beginning of development can lead to unusual sounds when moving joints. It's crunching or clicking when you turn your neck. Over time, there are painful sensations after strong physical exertion, or during them. In serious stages, pain is not related to the level of physical activity and can bother the sufferer even at rest.
With pathological changes of cartilage peculiar to this disease, often there is a jamming of nerves and vessels. It can manifest itself in the occurrence of severe headaches, numbness of the lower half of the face, often a sense of dizziness, high blood pressure - in patients developing severe circulatory insufficiency in the vertebrobasilar basin( vertebral artery syndrome) that can adversely affect the patient's overall health and ability to work. In this case, the use of conventional painkillers and drugs for the treatment of hypertension does not bring relief.
The specific cause of this disease is a violation of the thyroid gland functioning.
Timely diagnosis is the key to successful treatment of
If any of these symptoms are present, should urgently consult a doctor - timely diagnosis of cervical spine arthrosis and its complications become a prerequisite for normalization of the patient's condition and helps to choose a therapy program. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the faster and more successfully will be his treatment. To make an accurate diagnosis, you will need to have an x-ray of the cervical spine in several projections. Often as an auxiliary study, tomography and angiography of vessels is performed - these methods of investigation not only help to diagnose cervical spine arthrosis, but also to determine the exact localization of the pathological process.
Manual therapy, massage and exercise therapy help cure arthrosis of the cervical spine
The main directions of the treatment of this disease are manual therapy, massage and physiotherapy exercises. It is also possible to prescribe medications for the removal of inflammation and hormonal medications. In order to speed up the treatment process, it is recommended to use special orthopedic bedding and means for skeletal extension of the cervical spine( the collar of Shantz).The patient should also monitor his position during walking and prolonged sitting - it is recommended that you try to keep your back straight.
It is necessary to perform therapeutic exercises with extreme caution. If pain occurs during the session, it is necessary to refrain from doing this exercise and immediately consult with your doctor. Exercises of the complex of therapeutic gymnastics for the correction of such a disease as deforming arthrosis of the cervical spine are distinguished by their simplicity. It can be head turns, slopes to the sides, circular rotation. Assign them to a doctor , you can do the same at home, focusing on your own feelings.
Since arthrosis of the cervical spine is not the most pleasant symptoms, the mental state of a person may suffer due to illness. Increased nervous excitability, depression and apathy often arise from prolonged pain. In this case, additional treatment with antidepressants may be prescribed.
Prevention is better than treatment
To prevent the development of arthrosis of the cervical spine, moderate moderate exercise is recommended. Ideally, perform a short complex of simple exercises for the neck several times a day. It is also necessary to follow the balance of the diet. Not the least role in preventing problems with the spine is played by maintaining proper posture. To do this, it is also recommended to lead a mobile lifestyle, to monitor the correct position of the back during the day.
Give your health enough time and do not hesitate to contact the hospital for any unusual sensations.
Causes of the emergence and treatment of uncoarthrosis in the cervical spine
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is a chronic degenerative-dystrophic process, the progression of which leads to partial destruction of the interlayers of the cartilaginous tissue located between the vertebral bodies. The pathological process leads to a pronounced disruption of normal movement in the cervical spine. At the same time there are various neurological disorders associated with the involvement of blood vessels and neural bundles in the disease.
Causes of unco-vertebral osteoarthritis
Factors, the impact of which leads to the development of the disease, can be divided into congenital and acquired. It is impossible to exclude the combined effect of these causes.The most frequent congenital causes of the development of this disease is Olinik's syndrome, which is expressed in the change in the normal structure of the first cervical vertebra( atlanta).The most common reasons for the incidence of unco-vertebral osteoarthritis are:
- acute and chronic injuries of the cervical spine;
- flat feet;
- the consequences of a previous history of poliomyelitis;
- dislocations of the hip joint;
- excess weight;
- physical work, which is accompanied by lifting weights.
Changes in the spine with arthrosis
The initial stage of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine is accompanied by the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral disc - because of this, the amortization processes necessary for free and painless movement are disrupted. This leads to the fact that the load on the spine is distributed unevenly, so the nerves, vessels and muscles of the neck are constantly traumatized. The cartilage loses its fluid, its structure gradually breaks down, and bone osteophytes directed toward each other are formed to compensate for the loadings occurring on the vertebrae. At the same time, calcium deposits occur in the ligaments present in the cervical spine - this leads to a breakdown in their strength and reduced elasticity.
Bunches cease to "restrain" the intervertebral disc - it begins to protrude beyond the vertebral bodies in the posterior and forward directions, which causes damage to the anatomical formations located near the spine. It is the protrusions of the disc that most often cause the appearance of pain in the neck - at first it appears only in movement, but in the late stages of the disease this unpleasant sensation exists and at rest.
Symptoms of the disease - an occasion to seek medical attention
The main symptoms of the disease are:
- pain in the neck;
- limitation of mobility of the vertebrae of the cervical spine;
- development of instability in the spinal column( in the cervical region) - periodically subluxations of joints located on the arcuate processes of the vertebrae, which is manifested by dull severe pain in the neck, discomfort, which disappear when the body position changes, performing gymnastic exercises or massage the affected area;
- the appearance of a strong, audible even at a distance of the crunch that occurs when moving.
When a significant degree of degenerative process is expressed in the spine, severe neurologic disorders can occur-chest pains, blood pressure jumps, visual and hearing impairments, dizziness, unsteadiness and unsteadiness.
Patient examination program
If the doctor suspects the patient of unco-vertebral arthrosis, the examination program provides:
- clinical examination of the patient with the definition of a neurological status;
- radiography of the cervical spine;
- computed tomography( CT);
- magnetic resonance imaging( MRI).
If necessary, additional studies and consultations of doctors of related specialties - cardiologist, vascular surgeon, otolaryngologist, oculist, neurosurgeon - can be prescribed.
How to treat arthrosis of the cervical vertebrae?
At the stage of exacerbation of the disease, therapeutic measures are directed to the elimination of pain and ensuring the rest of the damaged segment of the spinal column. That is why in the acute stage of the disease is shown wearing a collar of Shantz - an orthopedic device that helps to ensure proper immobility and relieve the load from the vertebrae and muscles surrounding them. Specific terms for the use of this orthopedic device are determined by the doctor who observes the patient. As the condition improves, a program of treatment of the degenerative-dystrophic process in the tissues of the intervertebral discs includes massage and the performance of a special set of exercises of therapeutic physical training.
The acute phase medical treatment for relief of pain and muscle spasm, which inevitably occurs with unco-vertebral arthrosis, involves the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants. To prescribe any analgesic and antispasmodic agent and to control the process of therapy should the doctor - the duration of treatment should be the minimum possible.
Necessarily the appointment of drugs that activate the circulation processes in the structures of the spine, metabolism in tissues - prescribe antiaggregants and vascular drugs with sufficiently long courses. At the same time chondroprotectors can be prescribed - these drugs inhibit the processes of degeneration in the cartilaginous tissue and allow to slow the progression of the accompanying symptoms.
The use of physiotherapeutic procedures is mandatory - in the course of treatment electrophoresis and phonophoresis, amplipulse therapy and darsonvalization, as well as reflexotherapy can be used.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment
When the cartilaginous joint wears out, friction between the vertebrae begins, which causes deformation of the bones and inflammation, signs of unco-vertebral arthrosis.
A characteristic feature of this disease is the appearance of osteophytes( bone processes) forming new joints.
Uncoarthrosis - a violation of the intervertebral discs and joints of the spine.Contents
Causes of unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical department of
The causes of uncoarthrosis can be divided into two categories:
With congenital pathology, a person is born with impaired development of the cervical vertebrae, but much more often is acquired uncoarthrosis.
Bone diseases can also cause uncoarthrosis, primarily:
- dislocation of the hip;
- trauma of the cervical spine;
- flat feet.
Symptoms of cervical uncoarthrosisThere are no symptoms at the initial stage of the disease, but when the head turns and lifting weights sometimes a sharp acute pain occurs.
It is short-lived and is felt only in several parts of the spine.
Often these signs do not pay attention, so the disease progresses and there are other symptoms:
- headaches that appear even with minor loads and during weather changes. This symptom often occurs on cloudy and rainy days.
- frequent dizziness;
- decreased vision;
- significant fluctuations in blood pressure;
- pains in the back and chest area, they do not pass even in a calm state, but only become dull.
With uncoarthrosis, a night's sleep becomes intermittent and restless, each turn of the head accompanied by a crunch in the neck.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis in the last stages can cause tingling in the neck, numbness and nausea.
DiagnosisIf you are concerned about pain in the neck, you should immediately seek help from a specialist.
The doctor first interrogates the patient, and draws conclusions about the causes, periodicity and nature of the pain.
Upon examination, he finds the most painful points, and then assigns the following studies( if necessary):
- X-ray of the cervical spine;
They will help confirm the diagnosis, find osteophytes in the vertebrae and signs of damage to the blood vessels.
Medical treatmentThe main rule that must be observed for a sufferer of uncoarthrosis is to limit physical activity and keep your back straight.
If an exacerbation occurs, then use the orthopedic collar of Shantz.
Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs
A physician prescribes anesthetic anti-inflammatory drugs( eg, ibuprofen, aspirin, diclofenac, naproxen) during medical treatment.
If necessary, the doctor can prescribe drugs that will stop the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue( hondoprotectors).
In addition to the complex of medicines for uncoarthrosis are:
- muscle relaxants( sirdalul);
- means for improving tissue microcirculation( actovegin, quarantil);
- vasodilator drugs to improve blood flow in the affected area( pentoxifylline);
PhysiotherapyLFK is possible only in the absence of pain. Restoring physical training will improve the mobility of joints and functional abilities of a person, reduce muscle tension, strengthen the nutrition of joint tissues. The complex of exercises does not take much time, consists of simple and safe movements.
MassageA specialist often prescribes massage together with a physician. With the help of acupressure, muscle spasm is removed, which improves nutrition and circulation of damaged areas, and reduces the burden on intervertebral discs.
ElectrophoresisElectrophoresis has proved to be a successful method for treating uncoarthrosis. It is carried out using various medicinal elements: the procedure with dimexide is performed with a strong pain syndrome, with magnesium, zinc, calcium and sulfur improves the metabolism.
UltrasoundIt is often prescribed for elderly people, this is a painless procedure, but there is one contraindication - diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Microwave therapyPatients who are contraindicated in the ultra-zoon, doctors recommend microwave therapy, during which microwaves penetrate into the joint and have a restoring effect.
Traditional medicineIn folk medicine, there are ways to treat uncoarthrosis.
They give positive results, anaesthetize the affected areas, improve blood circulation, but it is not worth using them as the main treatment.
Relieve pain in the neck
To reduce pain in the cervical spine, hot cakes made from wholemeal flour were applied.
Ointment for external use
Ointment can be made from pork fat and hop cones. These two components are mixed until a uniform thick mass is obtained.
For compresses, you need to prepare a mixture of 200 g of honey, 300 g of alcohol and 100 g of aloe juice. The resulting mass is put for 3 days in a warm place. The duration of treatment with this remedy is 10 days.
For ingestion, crush the celery, pour the greens with boiled warm water, insist 10-12 hours, take 1 tablespoon daily.
As a preventive measure for uncoarthritis, doctors recommend regular exercise. It is advisable to perform a simple set of exercises for the neck at least once a day.
It is important to follow and feed, it must be balanced and correct. You should not forget to follow your posture and lead a flexible lifestyle.
Uncoarthrosis is a dangerous disease, which often affects people who are low-active or engaged in heavy physical labor. When the first symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor, then the treatment will be short and successful. For the treatment of advanced uncoarthrosis, a comprehensive approach is applied: medications, electrophoresis and ultrasound are prescribed. When the period of exacerbation ends, it is necessary to perform a set of exercises of physical therapy and take a course of massage.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine: symptoms and treatment
Arthrosis, as a whole, is characterized by progressive deformation of the intervertebral discs, due to which complete destruction of disc cartilage is possible.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis( deforming arthrosis) of the cervical spine leads not only to damage to the intervertebral discs, but also to the appearance of cartilaginous tissue on the adjoining planes of the vertebrae.
The mechanism of appearance of such growths is due to the body's response to the increased load in the area of thinned and deformed intervertebral cartilages. The most vulnerable to this disease are the first two vertebrae.
Damaged cartilage causes displacement of the vertebrae, which entails excessive stretching of the ligaments. Thinning out, the disc also shifts beyond the fibrous ring, and in this position affects the nerve endings and limits the normal blood supply. All these changes in the structure of the cervical segment of the spine cause the patient considerable discomfort, pain in the neck and general malaises: headaches, dizziness, sharp increase and lowering of blood pressure.
The basic prerequisite for the development of unco-vertebral arthrosis in the cervical region is insufficient nutrition of the intervertebral cartilage. The reasons for which the cartilage is no longer provided with the necessary nutrition are several:
- Injury of the cervical spine segment. The most common among professional athletes and manual workers.
- Pathologies in the development of the spine and bone tissue - scoliosis, osteochondrosis, flat feet.
- The patient's elderly age. In this case, deformation of the cartilaginous tissue is caused by natural wear.
- Hypodinamy in combination with excess weight.
- Endocrine diseases, metabolic problems and disturbed hormonal background.
Thus, at risk are patients with excessive body weight, leading a sedentary lifestyle, the elderly and manual workers.
You can not neglect gymnastics for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine leads to the appearance of cartilaginous tissue on the contiguous planes of the vertebrae.
According to statistics, scoliosis very often develops in childhood, and they are more often affected by girls than boys: http: //oporatela.ru/pozvonochnik/skolioz/ simptomy-i-lechenie-skolioza-povzonochnika.html
Symptoms of the disease
- The main symptom are local pain sensations that occur already on thethe initial stage of formation of unco-vertebral arthrosis and clearly indicate the focus of the disease. This is due to the infringement of nerve endings and muscle spasm in the area of damaged cartilage.
- Another obvious symptom is a crunch with sharp tilts and turns of the head. With the development of the disease there is a limitation of mobility and stiffness in the movements of the neck.
- Unclear symptoms include neurological manifestations associated with jammed nerve endings - nausea, dizziness, headaches and unstable blood pressure.
Diagnosis of unco-vertebral arthrosis should be performed by an orthopedic physician. This requires direct consultation and inspection. Confirm the presence of deforming arthrosis is possible using an X-ray and MRI.
If osteophytes are found on the images, then the disease has already passed the initial stage and it is necessary to begin treatment as early as possible.
The development of the disease
Osteoarthritis affects the intervertebral discs - cartilaginous tissue, designed to absorb the load on the vertebrae during movements. The discs also protect the nerves, vessels and muscles passing alongside.
As the disease progresses, the intervertebral cartilaginous tissue collapses - the fluid that is needed to maintain normal elasticity is lost. Parallel to the process of disk destruction, osteophytes are formed - outgrowths of cartilages on the surface of the vertebrae.
When the flexibility of the discs becomes insufficient to withstand the load of the spine, they begin to shift, compressing the vessels, nerve endings, ligaments and other surrounding tissues.
When untimely referral to a doctor or non-compliance with the prescribed treatment, deforming arthrosis of the cervical spine may be dangerous by various complications:
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine
Unco-vertebral arthrosis of the cervical spine, doctors understand how the development of deforming processes that strike beforetotal, adjacent to the vertebrae arcuate joints.
After its onset, the disease quickly makes itself felt by a number of unpleasant symptoms, among which prominent shoulder and neck neuritis are highlighted, as well as a number of neurological manifestations that allow an experienced doctor to a neurologist or vertebrologist to establish a diagnosis already at the first visit of the patient.
The most characteristic sign of the onset of uncoarthrosis is acute pain syndrome, which prevents the implementation of such habitual movements as head tilts and turns, hand movements and so on. Against this background, there is a weakening of the muscles, which can no longer work with full efficiency.(See also: symptoms of cervical spine arthrosis).
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Another sign of the pathology is a violation of coordination of movements. It is difficult for a patient to maintain a smooth gait, to perform precise movements with his hands and feet. The patient may also suffer severe headaches, dizziness and permanently present high blood pressure, which in itself becomes the cause of many dangerous consequences.
Main causes of uncoarthrosis
Usually the development of pathology in the cervical spine is due to one or more of the following reasons.
- Heavy physical labor associated with lifting and carrying weights, the need for long to maintain an uncomfortable static position and so on.
- Large body weight leads to the fact that 9 out of 10 obese people with significant deposits of "fat" in the neck and shoulder area develop uncoarthrosis.
- Failures in the functioning of the thyroid gland, which leads to a violation of the hormonal background.
- Disruption of nutritional metabolism of body cells.
- Development of inflammatory processes in the joints.
- Postponed trauma to cervical vertebrae.
As can be seen, the pathogenic factors listed above are similar to the causes of any osteoarthrosis. Quite often, the disease manifests itself in professional athletes, movers, office workers, the specificity of which leads to a constant overstrain of the neck muscles and increased stress on the cervical vertebrae. In general, you need to remember that high loads always negatively affect human health and work in an atmosphere of increased pressure on the joints of the spine will inevitably lead to a rapid aging of the cartilaginous joints.
Of possible problems, uncoarthrosis is one of the most dangerous, as in the course of its development additional bone growths are formed on the back of the cervical vertebrae, and this is instantly displayed in a negative way on the state of health of a person who has various neuritis.
What causes the changes in the vertebrae of
The main factor that leads to pathological changes in the cervical vertebrae is a failure in the normal nutritional exchange of bone and cartilaginous tissues. If we consider only uncoarthrosis, then there is a disruption in the nutrition of the cartilaginous joints, which causes their weakening. This provokes the activation of protective functions of the body and it begins to build up bone growths to compensate for the burden on the intervertebral discs.
Usually, to prevent such problems, it is enough to lead a mobile lifestyle, a lot is in the open air and watch your weight. It should not be forgotten that excessive stress on the joints can be as harmful as its lack, so all physical exercises should be strictly dosed.(Learn more about deforming arthrosis of the cervical spine).
Symptoms of unco-vertebral arthrosis
The initial stage of the disease usually does not have pronounced symptoms, which allows it to go undetected into a more serious form. Therefore, each person should keep track of his state of health in order to notice any violations and immediately consult a doctor. So, uncoarthrosis can manifest as a sharp but quickly passing pain during lifting of heavy objects or a sharp turn of the head.
Such manifestations are usually ignored, as the person does not give them proper value and expects that "it will pass by itself".In fact, it is at such moments that you should already visit a doctor who should conduct a survey and establish a diagnosis. If the initial stage of uncoarthrosis is detected, it can be easily slowed down and stopped without allowing major changes.
Postponing a trip to a doctor will lead to the development of the disease and then its symptoms will no longer be so harmless. First, the cervical department will show a strong painful reaction to any load, then the pain will outgrow from periodic to permanent and eliminate it will become very difficult. The body will react poorly to dampness, drafts, causing a significant increase in the pain syndrome. In a state of rest, acute painful sensations will turn into dull and aching. They will greatly interfere with normal life, not allowing even enough sleep, which in time will lead to serious neurological manifestations.
Further development will cause inability to rotate the neck, the appearance of nausea and dizziness.
How to treat
To cure the disease, specialists usually apply several wellness techniques, which in complex will affect the causes of unco-vertebral arthrosis and its consequences. A great arsenal of useful ways to combat this problem is offered by physiotherapy: