How to choose the right diet for arthrosis
It is impossible to cure a sick joint with the use of medical preparations alone. Injections, tablets or ointments are only part of the treatment, and can only relieve acute pain for a time. But to stop arthrosis and restore at least part of the joint work, fundamental changes in life are needed, not momentary, but for a long time. In addition to maintaining yourself in normal physical form, you need to reconsider whether you eat right. What should nutrition be for joint arthrosis?
Diet for arthrosis excludes high-calorie, fatty, salty, spicy foods, and includes many fruits and vegetables.
Proper nutrition for arthrosis of joints.
A properly selected diet is always selected based on the causes that led to arthrosis and the planned course of treatment for .
So, the causes of shoulder and elbow arthrosis can be excessive mobility, leading to joint wear: this is often the case for athletes and those who work a lot physically.
When the cause of arthrosis is a large weight of
The cause of deforming gonarthrosis and coxarthrosis may be permanent increased stress on the knee and TBS.Thus, in a full person, the risk of deformity of the knee or hip is much greater than that of the lean one.
The main treatment for arthrosis in a patient with overweight will be directed primarily to weight loss .For sure, physical exercise and a low-calorie diet will be prescribed for arthrosis of the knee joint.
- In the daily diet of fat people, there should be as few fat-containing foods and flour products as possible:
It is necessary to put a cross on cakes, chocolate cream, hard cheeses, mayonnaise, fatty sour cream, fish caviar
- It is also necessary to avoid products stimulating appetite:
Ostrogo,acid, peppered, alcohol, carbonated water
- Introduce a strict salt restriction( no more than 1 tsp per day):
, an abundance of salt leads to vasoconstriction and increased blood pressure and forces a lot to drink, which also increases weight,the kidney kidney
- It is always dangerous to take a diuretic( this is often a complete sin), because along with the water calcium also leaves the body and many important trace elements useful for
- joints. We will have to give up chips, toasts, fish to beer
- Food with preservatives and foodadditives and flavorings( canned food, fast soups, long-term yogurts, etc.) should also be excluded
Diet for the treatment of arthrosis in complete
- Fractional five-six-day diet, with the last meal at least two to three hours before bedtime
- Ulow-calorie products of natural origin:
- Pork and beef refuse
- White dietary meat consumption( chicken, turkey, rabbit) and fish
- Chicken and quail eggs
- Low-fat lactic acid products( kefir, cottage cheese, curdled milk)
- Varied vegetable diet:
colored andcabbage, pumpkin, zucchini, beans, carrots, green peas, parsley, dill, spinach
- Of fruits, you must eat apples( in raw and baked form), black and red currants, grapefruitkt
- Since arthrosis in full people is often combined with diabetes, it is more necessary to treat sweet berries, for example, grapes and watermelon
- For arthrosis, it is advisable to use unleavened rye bread from flour, bran, germinated wheat
For arthrosis, it is advisable to consume unleavened black breadfrom a flour of a coarse grinding
The reason of an arthrosis - the broken exchange
Deforming arthrosis develops not only because of traumas or the big weight. Whence then( a natural question) are sick and thin people?
The fact is that the destruction of joints is often to blame for the violation of metabolic processes, because of which the cartilage layer of the joint begins to deteriorate early. In the human body there is not enough chondroitin, glucosamine and collagen - components that are very necessary for cartilage
. The treatment is prescribed here as a protector type: medical preparations containing these missing elements are prescribed( HONROITINSULFATE, ALFLUTOP, STRONTUM, DONA and others .)
Especially quickly wear knee and hip joints.
Traditional diet protecting joints
For joints, unsaturated fatty acids that are found in vegetable oils
are very useful. It also helps to treat arthrosis of knee and hip joints with such traditional foods and products:
- jelly( jelly)
- fruit jelly
- hazelnut, almonds, nuts, peanuts( sources of vitamins E)
- olive, corn and other vegetable oils, salmon( sources of saturated acids)
The above dietary treatment is helpfult at an early stage of gonarthrosis. With deforming osteoarthritis, which affects all joints, it is unlikely to reverse the illness, but it will allow the patient to stay on the same level for a long time.
Difficulties of modern food
The main difficulty for a diet is the selection of quality products.
Unfortunately, today both cattle, poultry and fish are raised and kept under such conditions that some professional physicians and traditional healers call for refraining from taking meat and fish products in the treatment of arthrosis, and not only its .
So, meat and fish should not be eaten in general by an oncological patient.
- For rapid growth of livestock on farms and poultry farms, cattle and poultry are added to the diet with antibiotics, steroids and other supplements( remember Bush's legs).
- In addition, the meat itself after the face is chipped with preservatives for long-term storage and substances that hold water
Why do you need to hold water? The answer is simple: hucksters need to get the maximum weight( God forbid the extra 100-200 g will dry)
Of course, the manufacturer does not think about our health with you.
The use of such meat and fish leads to a metabolic syndrome - a new disease of the 20-21 centuries, the essence of which is in the metabolism , disrupted for health reasons.
Metabolic syndrome occurs when eating harmful products
The accumulation of preservatives in the blood leads to the development of not only deforming joint arthrosis, but also the following:
- Bad kidney work
- Development of hypertension
- Development of type-2 diabetes
- Excessive cholesterol level in blood
Cholesterol is a load of old age that occurs over the years and so, and we all know - leads to strokes and heart attacks.
And now imagine what will happen if you throw in the vessels still meat preservatives, and even a cold ponavaristej from them to cook?
Metabolic syndrome today is manifested externally:
Because of improper metabolism, they are not receipts into all parts of the body, and because of hypodynamia, people with beer stomachs and disproportions( for example, fat body and thin legs) are increasingly encountered( for example, fat body and thin legs)
In connection with the metabolic syndrome, traditional folk dishes for the joints in the form of a cold must be used very carefully, especially for the elderly.
Modern diet for arthrosis of joints
A modern diet for arthrosis of the knee, hip joints is shifted towards more consumption of plant products and smaller - meat and fish.
For the joints, of course, you need protein, but its norm per day is not 150 g, as it was before, but about 50:
Such a daily rate can be sustained by consuming:
2-3 eggs a day, legumes and cereals, nuts, vegetables and fruits
A lot of protein in peanuts.
Meat in a diet for the treatment of arthrosis can be used if you are sure of the good faith of the manufacturer .
Homemade chicken, turkey or rabbit, bought at the market, live fish, grown in a clean pond - all this can be your even rarer, but still a holiday for the stomach.
Video: The cause of arthrosis is poor nutrition
Pay attention to nutrition with arthrosis of the knees and feel the difference!This is a very difficult matter - to choose a reasonable diet for arthrosis and other joint diseases .There is a rule of "golden mean", that is, compliance with the balance in everything. Excessive overeating is very fraught with complications, and lack of food will negatively affect the health of joints, due to a shortage of nutrients coming into them. The diet for arthritis and arthrosis for each patient should be selected in accordance with the nature of the course of the disease and necessarily with the advice of a nutritionist. For example, nutrition for osteoarthritis may differ slightly from that recommended for a patient with osteoporosis.
Based on numerous studies in the early 20th century, the cause of arthrosis was identified. Many hypotheses were put forward, one of which was that the development of the disease is greatly influenced by human nutrition. It has long been known that people with excess weight suffer from knee arthrosis and osteoarthrosis of the pelvic joints much more often than others. That's why one of the main recommendations for a sick person is weight reduction.
The main task is to win weight over
Many patients often ask themselves - how to cure arthrosis of the knee joint? And the reason for their ailment is often very simple - overweight and obesity. But, even if the main task in the treatment of arthrosis is to fight excess weight, you still need to balance. After all, the human body will not have to suffer from the fact that it lacks microelements, nutrients, minerals and vitamins. That is, to reduce weight and choose a rational diet for arthrosis still need, but it must be done wisely and gradually.
The general recommendation is the exclusion from the diet of fast carbohydrates contained in bread, baking, sweets. Also, a person with joint disease will have to give up beer and strong alcohol, because alcohol-containing beverages promote the release of free radicals. So as soon as a person has the first signs of arthrosis of the knee joint - it is necessary to immediately register with a specialist and revise your lifestyle and choose a diet. Since the choice of your personal diet should necessarily be discussed with a specialist or a dietician who will be able to choose the correct diet plan depending on the general condition of the body, as well as on other diseases of the patient.
What is recommended for use?
The main recommended foods for arthrosis are very useful and tasty. For example, fish - there are no restrictions, it should always be present in the diet of a sick person. But, of course, the fish should not be fat, because you do not need extra calories. Also extremely useful meat with vegetables, bran and rye bread.
Special attention should be paid to such a dish as a cold. Since ancient times, Russian people have been preparing various rich dishes from bone broth, for example, jelly and jelly. Back in those days they understood that such food is very useful to joints. Dishes from cartilage, tendons, as well as cold are very beneficial for human joints, because it contains natural collagen.
Collagen is one of the most common types of protein in our body. It takes about 1/3 of the number of all proteins. Being the basis in connective tissue, it is responsible for the elasticity and good mobility of the human joint, as well as for the strength of the tendons, cartilage and joints. Do you need vitamins in the diet of a patient with arthrosis? Vitamins must necessarily be present in the diet of a patient with arthrosis. Particularly useful are B vitamins that are involved in the processes of correct human metabolism at the cellular level.
Vitamin B1( thiamin) synthesizes fats, carbohydrates and proteins, getting energy from them. It is found in beans, chickpeas, peas, lentils, baked potatoes, in coarse bread.
Vitamin B9( folic acid) helps the regeneration of red blood cells, and the lack of this vitamin adversely affects the bone marrow. You can get it from honey, greens, legumes, some grains and it is extremely useful for arthrosis.
Vitamin B6( pyridoxine) helps the generation of hemoglobin, and also participates in the carbohydrate process. It is found in a banana, nuts( hazelnuts and walnuts), in cereal products, as well as in cabbage and potatoes.
Vitamin B2( riboflavin) is an active participant in the processes of regeneration of cell and antibody growth. It contains products such as boiled kidneys and liver, mushrooms, dairy products and eggs.
The basic building material is a protein, and since bone tissue is severely damaged in arthrosis, protein foods should be used to replace the lack of vitamins. Animals and vegetable proteins are found in meats, nuts and milk, and in the menu it is useful to include such dishes as soups made of lentils, buckwheat porridge and stewed vegetables.
Recommendations for feeding patients with arthrosis
People with arthrosis should completely abandon fast food, that is, the so-called "fast food".After all, the products in these dishes contain an unthinkable amount of flavorings, flavor enhancers and preservatives. You can not use sausages, shpikachki, sausages, in which a preserving chemical carrageenan is added.
Smoked meat should also be completely excluded from the diet, because it is often treated with "liquid smoke", that is, chemically. But do not abandon meat products altogether: you can buy poultry, beef, pork, etc. on the market or from trusted people.
Also, people with arthrosis should not have dinner after 6 pm, but it is recommended fractional( gradually, but often).It is necessary to control your weight, and after breakfast or lunch it is desirable to make leisurely walks in the park, or forays into nature. The menu should include vegetables and fruits, greens and vitamin products. Of course, even a perfectly balanced diet for arthrosis and joint diseases can not completely cure the disease, but it can greatly improve the patient's condition, will seriously reduce weight and bring positive dynamics to the entire body.
Separately it is necessary to say that a diet for arthrosis of the hip, cervical, knee joints or those who simply feels pain in the joints of the foot is very similar to the diet that dieticians of the whole world recommend to any person. It contains the basic principles of nutrition - moderation in food, the constant consumption of healthy foods and the benefit of reducing excess weight.
Nutrition and diet for joint arthrosis: knee, hip and other
Arthrosis is a fairly common age-related disease. The reason for its appearance is the inflammatory processes taking place in the cartilaginous tissue. People suffering from arthrosis have to constantly face joint pain, while drug treatment does not bring a stable remission. There are a great many theories about the causes of arthrosis, but to date there has not been a definitive answer. However, modern scientists unanimously agree that an important place in eliminating the symptoms of arthrosis and treating the disease is given to the proper diet for arthrosis in combination with drug therapy.
Everyone is interested in the question of what kind of diet should be? Balanced and properly selected food should ensure the strength of joints and cartilaginous joints, preventing their premature wear and destruction.
Obviously, its calorie content should not be too high, since overweight is one of the main factors aggravating the course of the disease. This regularity is proved by statistical data confirming that full people are most often subjected to arthrosis of the ankles, hip and knee joints. Therefore, every person who is at least somewhat worried about the condition of their joints, must control their own weight and, if necessary, reduce the caloric content of the diet.
The daily diet should contain meat and fish, with preference given to various chills and jellies, which contain natural gelatin, which is the source of collagen necessary for the restoration of cartilage and bone tissue.
The constant presence of gelatinous dishes in the diet of an arthrosis patient with gelatinous dishes will significantly improve its condition also due to the fact that gelatin is a natural chondroprotector.
Due to the high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are necessary for the restoration of cartilage tissues, fatty fish should be present in the diet.
Omega-3 and minerals, which are so rich in oily sea fish, soften the course of inflammatory processes, and help the body, by enriching with minerals, accelerate the recovery of bone and cartilaginous tissue.
When cooking meat and fish, it is not recommended to use fats or oils, the best option for cooking is steamed. In addition to proteins of animal origin, the diet should contain vegetable proteins, which are rich in beans, beans and lentils.
The quality of meat should be given special attention, since it can be very different from that to which a person is accustomed. Now most people eat meat of domestic animals that suffer from hypodynamia associated with the "unnatural" fodder base and the presence of antibiotics, hormones, ready-powdered mixtures. If we talk about livestock farms, the meat of animals that are grown there, and is distinguished by a high content of fat and deficiency of fatty acids, so necessary in the construction of cartilage tissues and bones.
Much more dangerous meat looks, syringed with preservatives, the main task of which is to increase and maintain weight. Such preservatives ensure the preservation of chemically saturated water in meat. When ingested, their accumulation is noted, manifested in the form of difficulty in the work of the kidneys, increasing blood pressure, increasing weight, increasing cholesterol.
In addition, preservatives are aiding the accumulation of joints in the joints of chondrocalcinates and uric acid, the presence of which worsens the condition of "lubrication" of the joints. In addition to impairing the quality of lubrication, microcrystals are irritants of the joints, they are the initiators of the production of inflammatory mediators. If the timely measures are not taken in the inflamed joints, "metabolic arthrosis" may develop.
Most nutritionists are similar in opinion that the organism of modern man is harmful not meat, but the ways of its processing. Therefore, the greatest effect can be achieved by eating meat of animals that are grown in natural conditions.
It is not necessary to completely refuse from carbohydrate-rich potatoes and pasta, however, their consumption should be kept to a minimum. Diet for arthrosis should abound with fresh fruits and vegetables.
Preferred is the use of freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices, which are an excellent concentrate of minerals and vitamins. Due to the high content of antioxidants, juices are prevented not so much by aging of the joints, but also by all tissues of the body. The most useful doctors consider pomegranate juice, which has a noticeable effect for reducing inflammation of the cartilaginous tissue.
With daily use of pomegranate juice, there is a rapid weakening of symptoms of arthrosis. Nutritionists say that 100 grams of pomegranate juice in the daily diet is enough to almost completely overcome the ailment, naturally, combined with conservative treatment.
When treating arthrosis, it is important that the diet is rich in vitamins. Regular consumption of a variety of fresh vegetables and fruits will avoid the vitamin deficiency.
In addition to pomegranate in the treatment of arthrosis with folk remedies, an important place is given to pineapples, which have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Do not neglect and useful qualities of ginger - this burning spice of oriental cuisine has a noticeable curative effect in the fight against arthrosis.
Therapeutic diet, aimed at fighting with arthrosis, has some limitations. First of all, you should give up fatty foods( except fatty fish) and alcohol.
Nutrition for arthrosis should not only be natural, but also balanced, it is better to forget about fatty and fried meat, fast food, half-finished products, transgenic fats that are abundantly present in sausages and mayonnaise, as well as in frozen semi-finished products. It is advisable to limit the consumption of wholemeal and milk products.
Suffice it harmful in the disease of joints are excessively salty foods and various smoked foods, as well as food that reduces the speed of metabolic processes. With the increase in metabolic processes, fats are actively burned, and the body gets rid of excess weight, which, in turn, reduces the burden on the joints and alleviates the condition of the patient with arthrosis.
Rules for the diet
The diet does not only prescribe and make changes to the daily diet, but compliance with the rules for food intake.
You should eat every 3-4 hours( preferably 5 times a day).The following distribution of the food volume looks ideal:
Treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint at home
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to identify the causes that led to the development of the pathological process of
Treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint is to restore the properties of articular fluid and cartilage, as well as increase its mobility and elasticity. Unfortunately, there is no panacea for this ailment, and therefore, the treatment course is assigned for each patient individually. In the absence of adequate treatment, the hip joint begins to disintegrate, disrupting the biomechanics of the spine and other joints of the human body. In order to overcome the ailment, the fight against the disease must begin as soon as possible. At the same time, all efforts should be aimed at restoring local circulation in the affected joint.
How to deal with pain in the hip?
When diagnosing the early stage of arthrosis, the treatment of the disease is aimed at restoring the maximum possible amount of movements in the hip joint, as well as protecting it from excessive loads. Consider how to treat arthrosis of the hip with the help of non-medical methods:
- With the development of the pathological process, when the symptoms are still poorly expressed and there is no destruction of the cartilage, preventive procedures come to the aid, as well as the treatment of arthrosis of the hip joint folk remedies.
- For the prevention of patients, it is recommended to take biologically active supplements containing collagen. This component, acting on the articular cartilage, prevents degenerative-dystrophic processes, and also facilitates the restoration of the joint-ligament apparatus.
- In the early stages of the disease with pain symptoms, various means for topical administration( lotions, ointments, compresses, etc.) are doing very well.
- In the case when arthrosis of the hip joint is exacerbated, the patient is recommended to limit physical activity and reduce the burden on the affected joint.
- New in the treatment of arthrosis is the application of the methods of oriental medicine, namely, Dens( low-frequency) and Sim( high-frequency) therapy. This is a non-invasive therapeutic technique aimed at mobilizing the internal forces of the body, auto-modulation of homeostasis and regulation of metabolism.
Folk remedies for the treatment of coxarthrosis
- A good anesthetic for arthrosis is a cowberry. For the treatment will require the leaves of this plant. Before use, they must be given a steep boiling water and wrapped in gauze. After cooling, apply to the diseased joints.
- Clay compresses are not bad( it is best to apply alternately white and blue clay).
- An excellent therapeutic effect has a vividness. From it, baths are prepared( for 10 liters of boiling water, 200 grams of the crushed root of the plant).
- Baths made of hay, as well as wrapping the affected joint with a piece of canvas soaked in her broth, also help.
- To improve the production of intra-articular fluid and to activate recovery processes, to the aid of
Honey activates the recovery processeswill come honey. This invaluable natural healer contains in its composition a lot of vitamins, microelements, enzymes and organic acids, which have a curative effect. Very well helps to eliminate the pathological manifestations of arthrosis massage with the use of this medicinal product. Immediately before the procedure, the patient's joint should be warmed up with a warmer, and then massage the patient's joint( previously taking new portions), preheated on the water bath, using a circular massaging motion. Massage should be done for at least 15 - 20 minutes, then put gauze in 3 - 4 layers( directly on honey) and warm it well for 2 - 3 hours on the affected area. After this time, the skin is washed with warm water. The course of honey treatment - 10 sessions. The first three are held daily, and the next three days later.
- Compresses from cabbage leaves - one of the most effective folk remedies for the treatment of arthrosis. Immediately before the procedure, the cabbage leaf should be kneaded slightly and greased with buckwheat honey, then applied to the affected joint, covered with food film and insulating. Typically, the compress is applied at night.
- Oil, pressed from celandine. For its preparation, take 8 tablespoons of chopped leaves and celandine stems, and pour them 1 liter of olive oil, carefully cork and leave for 2 weeks in a warm place, then strain. It is very good to use this tool when carrying out massages, or simply to use for rubbing.
How to eat right?
Proper nutrition improves the body condition
In order to reduce the burden on the patient's joints, the patient is definitely recommended to get rid of excess weight. Nutrition for arthrosis of the hip joint should be balanced so that the body is constantly saturated with alkaline food( 1 part of acidic products should account for 2 parts of alkaline).Alkaline foods include milk and sour-milk products, bone broths, berries, celery, white cabbage and birch sap. At the same time, beekeeping products, grain fiber, as well as fresh vegetables and fruits are very useful for patients suffering from coxarthrosis. But animal fats, flour, smoked products and spicy dishes should be reduced to a minimum. Also, you should limit yourself to fatty fish and meat, tomatoes, beans and peas. In the case when the patient is diagnosed with advanced arthrosis of the hip joint, the diet is based, first of all, on the sense of proportion. This means that all nutrients that are necessary for the normal functioning of the body( proteins, fats, carbohydrates and trace elements) should be kept in the diet in sufficient quantities, however, while avoiding excesses.
Note: As such, there is no specific diet for arthrosis of the hip joint, that is, doctors and nutritionists give only general recommendations when drawing up the patient's menu.
Therapeutic physical training
LFK for arthrosis of the hip joint is recommended to be performed in conditions of complete unloading of the affected joint( standing on a healthy leg, or lying down).This technique involves performing exercises that can strengthen the muscle tone of the flexor and extensor muscles of the thigh. However, this complex includes exercises that are aimed at strengthening the muscles of the back and anterior abdominal wall, stabilizing the vertebral column of the spine. Also, this technique involves the performance of general strengthening physical exercises. In the case when the patient is diagnosed with a deforming arthrosis of the hip joint, he involuntarily begins to spare the affected limb, which causes her muscles to atrophy from inactivity over time. That is why, to delay the development of deformities and increase mobility, gymnastics is recommended for arthrosis of the hip joint.
Recommendation: before performing the exercises, as a rule, it is necessary to conduct thermal procedures( hot-water bottle, Minin lamp, solux).If the expert recommends therapeutic baths, then gymnastic exercises are allowed to proceed only 30 to 40 minutes after their adoption.
For those patients who do not recommend water procedures, just before the gym should do self-massage.
Warning: exercises with arthrosis of the hip joint( as, indeed, self-massage) are allowed only with the permission of the attending physician. However, this technique can be supplemented with swimming lessons and easy walking tours.
In the case when the patient has severe pain, all exercises of exercise therapy are recommended to perform in a prone position, at a slow pace. In this case, the load should only be on a healthy limb. The only exception to the rules are rotational movements, which can be produced with both feet. After the improvement of the state, it is allowed to give a load to both the healthy and the diseased leg.
Recommendation: The load should increase gradually and cautiously. The amplitude of movements is increased from occupation to occupation. In the first days, the number of exercises should be minimal, and only after 3 - 4 days they can be gradually increased.
After the pain subsides and you can increase the amplitude of movement, the gymnastic complex includes exercises that are performed in the sitting and knee-elbow position. Depending on how you feel, the pace should be slow or medium.
Warning! In the event of pain, the range of motion should be limited, or the training should be completely discontinued, as this may cause increased muscle tone and restriction of movement in the affected joint. In the event that, after performing the exercise, the pain does not pass within 5 minutes, the next day should reduce the amplitude of the movements when performing exercises that cause pain.
After a month of regular training, when the limbs noticeably get stronger, and the amplitude of movements increases markedly, exercises with arthrosis of the hip joint should be performed standing, alternating with respiratory gymnastics.
Recommendation: in order to achieve a positive effect, lessons should be performed regularly for a long time( at least twice a day).1 comment
Indeed, doing exercises regularly( better lying down), you can strengthen muscles well and this will slightly reduce the load on the unhealthy joint. In this disease it is better to avoid long walking.