Prophylaxis of flat feet in children

Flatfoot prevention in children

prophylaxis of flat feet in children

Flattening is one of the most common problems with children's legs. And, despite seeming harmlessness, this problem is very serious. Running flat feet is fraught with problems with different parts of the spine, pain in the back and neck, joint diseases. Like any illness, flatfoot is easier to prevent than cure. Therefore, it is important not to be lazy, but to give due attention to the prevention of flat feet in children, starting from the very first days of life.

In order to keep your baby's legs healthy, you need to do a restorative massage from your birth, spend enough time outdoors and get advice from a neurologist in order to exclude neurologic abnormalities, which can also cause flat feet.

Care should be taken to select the right footwear to prevent flat feet in the child. Shoes for the first steps should be made of natural materials, light and comfortable, with a hard back and a fairly flexible sole. Also in the correct shoes there is always a supinator and a small heel( not more than 1.5 cm).Separately it is worth mentioning how to choose the right size of shoes for a child. Very often mothers act on the principle of "big - not small", not thinking that too much shoes can also hurt the legs of the baby. The optimal length of the insole for winter shoes is 1.5 cm, and for summer shoes - 0.5 cm.

Complex of exercises for the prevention of flatfoot:

1. In a sitting position on a chair:

  • bend and unbend toes;
  • to hold the thumb along the shin of the other leg from the bottom up, repeat the other foot;
  • pat the sole and the inner surface of the foot with the shin of the other leg, repeat, changing foot;
  • put your feet on the floor at an angle of 900, pull the socks on yourself, return to the starting position;
  • connect the soles of the feet with each other;
  • fix the socks on the floor and maximize the heels apart;
  • to kick feet massage ball or roller;
  • to shift small objects( pebbles, pencils) with the help of the toes.

2. When walking:

  • alternately walk on the socks, heels, the outer and inner sides of the foot;
  • alternately walk with your fingers pressed and raised;
  • walk on sand, pebbles, grass, special rug for flatfoot prevention.

3. In the standing position:

  • go up on the toes, sinking to the full stop;
  • climb on toes, sinking to the outer arches of the foot;
  • crouch, without lifting the heels off the floor;
  • stand on the outer arches of the feet for 30-40 seconds.

It is also useful to climb up and down the gymnastic wall, walking on a gymnastic log, or simply stand on a gymnastic stick, rolling with your feet.

complex exercises for the prevention of flat feet

Such an uncomplicated gymnastics to prevent flat feet, held with the child will save him from this unpleasant problem.

The complex of exercises for the prevention of flatfoot in children and adults

Such a violation as flat feet, quite serious, and most of it easier to prevent than to then try to treat. The older the patient, the less likely it is to correct such a foot defect.

Flat-footed - is a severe orthopedic disease. Unfortunately, neglected cases of violations often cause large-scale disorders of health, and sometimes lead to disability.

The baby's foot is more prone to deformation, but it can easily return to normal position. The foot of the adult is amenable to change more slowly, but to bring it back to normal is much more difficult.

The detection of a deviation is based on the results of an orthopedic examination. The final diagnosis is determined after examining the X-ray.

But the first manifestations can be seen on their own:

  • shoes are worn on the inside surface;
  • feet are quickly tired with movement and a long standing;
  • by the end of the day, fatigue in the legs, convulsions, heaviness;
  • swelling in the ankles;
  • difficult to walk on heels;
  • has to buy shoes the size bigger because of the width.
If these signs appear, you should hurry with the treatment. Flattening is a very serious deviation, which accelerates the wear and tear of the entire support and movement system.

The most important is flatfoot prevention in children, because in adults it appears due to lack of measures and therapeutic gymnastics at an early age.

valgus in the child The more often the valgus deformity of the feet is caused in children, what are the characteristics of the disease and its treatment.

A rib bruise is fraught with serious consequences if you do not provide first aid in time. What symptoms accompany the injury you can find out in our material.

General rules for the prevention of

You can prevent the disease by following the following rules:

  1. It is necessary to walk more barefoot . If possible, go to nature, and spend a few minutes walking barefoot on grass, earth, pebbles, coniferous needles. It is useful to all people from an early age.
  2. Should give feet rest .This, in general, concerns adults. It is necessary to find time, literally five minutes, to allow the feet to rest.
  3. Wearing the right shoes. This has to do with the prevention of abnormalities in children. For them, you need to buy shoes that tightly hold your foot, which does not fly and does not crush. The heel of the crumb should be held tightly. The sole should have a bump in the center( this makes it possible for the foot to roll).
  4. It is necessary to perform exercises from flat feet. Selecting a few minutes a day, you can prevent the development of violations. As a charging, you can use a massage mat. Just for the feet, you need a massage.
  5. It is necessary for to follow the posture and the correct position of the foot when walking, as well as when standing. The feet should be located almost parallel to each other and rest on the outer edges of the sole.

Flatfoot prevention in adults

Over the years, the deviation may appear due to the prolonged wearing of the wrong shoe( close or high heels).Often, a violation is formed, and

exercises from flat feet deforms the toes during important periods of life.

This is the age when the baby starts walking, the time of active growth, the period of puberty, pregnancy. This includes the time of menopause and senile age in both sexes.

Therefore flatfoot prevention is important regardless of age.

The task of an adult is to strengthen the muscular system, massage the feet and lower legs for preventive purposes.

Plane exercises in adults should be done sitting, legs lowered to the floor at an angle of 90º, hands are lowered - this is the starting position. At performance speed is average, breath free.

Complex of exercises:

  1. 20 times to raise and lower the toes of the feet.
  2. Raise and lower the heel. Run 20 times.
  3. Feet connected. Twenty times to dissolve and connect the toe of the feet. Do not tear off the feet from the floor.
  4. 20 times to disconnect and connect the heels without taking the legs off the floor.
  5. Simultaneously raise the toe of one leg and the heel of the other, then vice versa. The tempo is fast, 20 repetitions.
  6. Without tearing off your feet, dilute your socks, then dilute your heels, and in this way move your legs to 8 "steps", then return to the starting position. Run 6 times. The pace is slow.
  7. Put a stick under the feet of a cross section of 5 - 8 centimeters. Roll the foot on the stick for 2 minutes. Press firmly against the object. The speed is average.
  8. The arches stop to put on the stick, put together. Breed and connect the feet, without lifting the arches from the projectile. The average pace is 20 times.
  9. Place rubber balls under the feet. In an average pace, roll the ball from socks to heels for 1 minute. Rolling the ball, the feet should not break away from the ball.
  10. The feet are on the floor. Bend your fingers and, not tearing off the floor, move the heels forward."Crawl" in this way stops 8 accounts, and then go back, performing reverse movements, bending fingers and pushing out the heel. Perform the exercise at an average speed.

Prevention of impairment in children and adolescents

Prevention of violations in children begins with the first year of life. During this period, it will consist in the prevention and treatment of rickets and other neurological diseases that can cause flat feet.

At the moment when the baby takes the first steps, it is necessary to think about the selection of children's shoes. Studies of specialists from India prove that those who have spent their childhood barefoot are few times less likely to have flat feet than those who used to wear shoes since small years.

Walking barefoot on the grass is useful, but walking barefoot on an even and hard floor is extremely harmful.

But, despite the exercises, the child with flat feet should wear special insoles insteps during the whole complex. This will give an opportunity to save the result of gymnastics.

exercises for feet In the period of exercises for the prevention of flat feet it is also important to develop correct posture in schoolchildren. To do this, you should equip classes with special desks.

The desire of parents from an early age to teach the baby to stand and walk completely to nothing. Also, it is necessary to combat the active attempts of teenage girls to wear heels or shoes with a narrowed toe.

Plane exercises for teenagers and children:

  1. Walk on toes on straight legs, hands on waist.
  2. Walk on the outer edge of the foot, hands in the same place.
  3. To walk on the spot. Socks do not tear off, tear off their heels as high as possible.
  4. Put a thick rope on the floor. Let the child move along it by sideways steps sideways.
  5. Sitting on a stool, toss his feet with a stick.
  6. Sitting, rolling, small ball back and forth with both feet in turn.
  7. Rounds with socks on the heel, standing on the floor or on a stick.
  8. Go with a roll from the heel to the toe.
  9. Walk on an uneven surface.
  10. Stand on your toes and squat, holding on to the support.
  11. In the container put a smooth river of pebbles and pour warm water. Plant the baby, put the legs into the water. Let him sort through them, grab them with his fingers. At the end of the procedure let it resemble rocks.
  12. Before the crib, put a rubber mat with a non-uniform surface, let it be "prickly".The first thing the baby does in the morning is simple, but extremely important, exercises with flat feet in children.


Prophylaxis and special exercises for feet with flatfoot are extremely necessary today. Those who are too loaded with legs, need a relaxing massage and relaxation.

Those who lead a sedentary lifestyle or stay in one position for days on end need a stimulating massage and procedures for working the unused muscles of the body.

Video: Complex of exercises for the prevention of flat feet in children

The complex of exercises will strengthen the muscles of the legs of children and will not allow the disease to progress. The gait will be beautiful, steady, and healthy legs will open more opportunities and enrich your life.

Flattening in children - causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention.

Toddlers, starting from the age of seven months, are gradually accustomed to the upright, which causes them to significantly increase the load on the lower limbs. When wearing the right, quality shoes and proper development, normal physiological development of the feet and feet occurs. With a constant load on them, various diseases, excessive physical exercises, there may be various disorders in the development of the legs, one of which is flat feet.

Flattening is the most common disease of the musculoskeletal system in children, characterized by deformation of the foot with a flattening of its arch( usually longitudinal), as a result of which the sole becomes flat, touching the floor with its entire surface.

In all mice up to 2 years of age, the longitudinal arch of the foot is flat. And this is considered the norm, because in their soft and elastic bone tissue is not enough minerals to give it strength. Also, the muscular system is not fully developed. In 7-9 months, when the kids begin to get up on their feet and take the first steps, the function of the shock absorber is performed by the "fat pad" located on the sole. In 2-3 years in bones the amount of mineral substances reaches the norm, the ligaments and muscles become firm, the articular surfaces become normal. The formation of bone tissue stops until about 5-6 years of age. Only after this period it is possible to diagnose or eliminate flat feet in the child.

However, in some babies( about 3%) flatfoot can already be detected immediately after birth. It is considered congenital and is a developmental defect of the musculoskeletal system. Most often congenital platypodia is combined with the disease - flat-valgus deformation of the foot.

Symptoms of flatfoot in children

Children 6-7 years old who suffer from flat feet will complain of fast fatigue while standing and walking, swelling and aching pain in the area of ​​the feet, intensifying towards the evening.

External symptoms of flat feet in children:

  • an increase in foot width;
  • quickly removes the outsole and the inside of the heel on the shoe;
  • changes gait( impaired posture, appears clubfoot).

How to determine flat feet in children at home

You can determine the flat feet of a child with a simple test. It is necessary to smear his feet with oil or cream, put a clean sheet of paper on the floor and ask him to stand on it, evenly distributing the body. If the child has no problems with his legs, the footprint on the sheet of paper will look like in Figure 1; if, however, as in Figure 2, he is likely to have flat feet. It is necessary to visit a doctor-orthopedist, who will conduct a planography and be able to most accurately diagnose.

Factors provoking the development of flat feet in children:

  • Heredity .There is a possibility of flat feet in children, if their close relatives suffer from this disease.
  • Wrong, low-quality shoes .The development of flat feet is heavily influenced by the shoes that the child wears. It should not have a completely flat sole, be soft and without a instep.
  • Excessive strain on the legs of ( eg, due to obesity).
  • Low motor activity of the child .In the age of high technology, most children prefer to stay at home with their favorite phone or tablet, rather than go out and play on the street. As a result, posture is added to the flat feet and a violation of posture.
  • Rickets .The disease develops in children due to a lack of bones in vitamin D and calcium. As a result, the bones become brittle, and since large body loads fall on the feet, the child can experience flat feet.
  • Injury of the feet ( fracture of the calcaneus, ankle, tarsus bones).
  • Paralysis of the muscles of the foot and lower leg .Paralysis arises from a disease that has been transmitted, which causes platypodia.

Treatment of flat feet in children

Congenital flat feet in children of mild form is treated by applying gypsum dressings, which will be fixed in the correct position of the foot. The dressings are applied for 7-10 days, then they are removed and new ones are applied again. Treatment lasts 8-10 weeks. After the baby is assigned courses of physiotherapy, massage and wearing individually manufactured orthopedic shoes. Heavy forms of congenital flat feet are treated only surgically.

Acquired platypodia in children is treated conservatively. Treatment is multicomponent and is designed for a fairly long period. It includes:

Therapeutic exercise .Exercises are aimed at strengthening the musculature of the feet and muscles of the legs. Spend them daily. Also in exercise therapy includes classes on a special massage mat, the surface of which consists of various irregularities. When in contact with the sole, these irregularities help to strengthen the muscles.

Orthopedic footwear .Treatment of flat feet in children will not be effective without wearing the right shoes - suitable in size, with a high rigid back, good fasteners for fixation on the foot made of natural materials, with a small heel( 5-7 mm).Particular attention should be paid not only to the selection of shoes, but also to the insole with the instep. Medical shoes can be purchased in specialized stores or, according to the appointment of an orthopedist, it is made individually.

Massage .Depending on the degree of flat feet, the massage is conducted in courses of 10-15 sessions up to 4 times a year.

Physiotherapy .Pronounced flat feet need to be treated with physiotherapy. The most commonly used electrophoresis is the calcium of the ankles, which helps to strengthen the ligaments, and electromyostimulation of the lower leg muscles, which causes the weakened muscles to contract. Assign physiotherapy courses 2 times a year for 10 sessions.

Flatfoot prevention in children

To reduce the risk of flat feet in the child, it is necessary, starting from the earliest age when the baby starts to get on his feet, to carry out the prevention, which is as follows:

  1. As soon as the baby starts to make the first attempts to stand at the support,, so he did it in the shoes to prevent the wrong installation of the feet. In this case, shoes should be made of natural materials, have a small heel, a hard back, a pronounced instep, an elastic and corrugated sole, be of size and well fix the ankle and foot.
  2. A toddler should not wear out someone else's shoes, because it always stitches in different ways and is not always right. Therefore, if a child wears out shoes inherited, he will get all the problems with the feet that are available to the previous owner.
  3. A good prevention is hardening. Often ill with colds of the baby, not only the immune system suffers, but muscles are weakened, which leads to a decrease in motor activity, and this can provoke the development of flat feet. Effective contrast baths for feet. For them, it is necessary to take two tanks into which the child's legs can be placed in the water up to the knee. In one tank water is poured 40 ◦С, in another - 33 ◦С.The legs of the child alternately for a few seconds should be lowered then into warm, then into cold water. The duration of the procedure is 5-10 minutes. It is performed only when the child is healthy.
  4. Reduces the risk of flat feet with warm baths for feet with sea salt or bathing in sea water. Sea salt tones blood vessels and muscles, and water exercises a massage effect.
  5. The correct formation of the arch of the foot is almost impossible without barefoot walks. In the warm season, the child should often walk barefoot on pebbles, grass, sand and other uneven surfaces. But before, you have to make sure that there is no broken glass, nails or other objects on the way of the baby, about which he can get hurt. Such surfaces can be recreated and at home, for example, on the floor to sprinkle beans, which will perfectly replace pebbles.
  6. Excellent prevention is to lift your toes from the floor of small items - pencils, large buttons.

Flattening is a disease that, in the absence of therapy, can cause serious consequences - diseases of the musculoskeletal system, severe deformities of the foot bones. Therefore, neglect treatment and prevention is not worth it!

Flat feet in children. Causes, signs, prevention and treatment of flat feet in the child.

Symptoms of flatfoot:

  • by the evening the possible appearance of edema of the feet, which will not be in the morning;
  • aching pain while standing or walking in the legs and feet;
  • rapid wear of the inside of the sole;
  • the child walks with his legs set wide, slightly bending his legs in the knees, unfolding his feet;
  • of the foot has an irregular shape or becomes wider;
  • ingrown toenails to the skin;
  • curvature of toes;
  • appearance of corns.
Also, flat feet in children is detected using a simple test. You need to take a sheet of paper, oil your bare feet with oil and then put the baby on it, so that the weight of his body is distributed evenly. If the stops are ok, the picture on the leaf will look like in Figure 1. If the imprint looks like in Figure 2, then this indicates a flat foot, and you need to turn to the orthopedist rather.

Effects and treatment of flatfoot in children

If platypodia in children is not treated, it can lead to adverse effects, such as chronic back and leg pain, disabilities in the development of the skeleton. This disease can disrupt the spring functions of the foot, the cushioning almost disappears, and when walking, the entire shake is transferred to the shin and the hip joint, which can subsequently cause arthrosis. Therefore, the treatment of flat feet in children is a must! As a therapy for a child suffering from flat feet, physiotherapy, manual therapy, special massage, physical therapy are prescribed. Drugs can be prescribed, only as a last resort.

Plane prophylaxis in children

To rule out the occurrence of flatfoot you need to follow some rules:
  1. Useful charging. That the muscles were strengthened and normally developed they need a load in the form of daily gymnastics. The complex of exercises is done once a day, which consists of: - warm-up( the child should walk around the room for a few minutes first on his heels, then on his socks, gradually increasing the tempo);- sit the child on a chair and ask him to unbend and turn his toes alternately, while rotating his feet;- put a sheet of paper on the floor and tell the child to squeeze it well with bare feet, and then lift the crumpled ball from the floor with his toes;- Let the kid with his toes often pencils, designer details, small toys from the floor;- put the ball on the floor and ask the baby to roll it first with one leg, then the other( the balls need to use different shapes);- It is very useful to walk barefoot on an uneven surface, for example, on the ground or grass.
  2. Sports. If the child is engaged in the sports section, then care should be taken to ensure that the set of exercises corresponds to his age, weight and height. A child with flat feet should not run, rhythmic gymnastics. All these exercises can lead to injuries to the skeleton. For the treatment and prevention of flat feet, swimming is best.
  3. Prophylactic massage with flat feet - improves blood circulation, tones muscles. Every day before taking a bath you need to grind and knead the leg of the baby from the lower leg to the bones, then the foot from the heel to the toes. You can also buy a special massager for your legs. It is better if it is made of natural material, for example, wooden balls. When running cases of flatfoot, you need a medical massage, which should be performed only by a qualified specialist.
  4. Healing bath. Very useful everyday warm baths with sea salt.
  5. The right shoes. To stop when walking is not deformed and took a physiological shape, you need to properly choose shoes. Children's shoes should protect the baby's leg from bumps, do not interfere with the normal, natural development of the foot muscles and impart stability. It should be made of natural materials, light, with a hard back, with a foot strap and a small heel.

How is the baby's foot formed?

Normally, in all children up to 2 years the arch of the foot is absent, that is, the physiological flatfoot is noted. This is due to the fact that the bone tissue in babies is not sufficiently formed, contains insufficient mineral substances. Weakly developed ligaments and muscles.

On the plantar surface of the foot in place of the arch, the child at this age has a fat pad. It is the function of the shock absorber( instead of the arch of the foot), when the child begins to walk.

After reaching the age of 2-3 years, the bones, muscles and ligaments become stronger, and from this age until about 6 years the process of forming the correct form of the foot continues. Therefore, only by the age of six can you determine whether there is a flatfoot in the child.

But during the period when the baby's foot is formed, it is necessary to consult an orthopedist who can control the process annually. Approximately in 3% of children with flat feet it is a congenital malformation, which is immediately apparent at birth. And in other cases, flat feet acquired, it is formed in the development of the child.

The arch of the foot is formed from bones and ligaments. It allows you to distribute the body weight on the support evenly and provides shock absorption during running and walking. With a normally formed foot there are only 3 points of contact between the foot and the floor: the heel, the "cushion" at the base of the thumb and the outer edge of the foot( part of the foot from the little finger to the heel).

With flatfoot, the arch is deformed, and the entire plantar surface of the foot is flattened, adjacent to the ground or floor. The center of gravity of the body shifts, which contributes to the violation of posture.

Everyone knows that on the plantar surface of the foot there are biologically active points( "representations" of various organs and systems).Constant irritation of these points with flat feet can cause various pathological conditions from the muscles, joints, internal organs.

Causes of flatfoot

The only reason for the development of flatfoot can not be named. There is a sufficiently large number of factors contributing to the development of this pathology.

Factors contributing to flatfoot :

  • hereditary factor: a child's predisposition to this pathology, if the family has flat feet in close relatives;
  • increased stress on the legs( increased body weight, barbell work in adolescents, etc.);
  • congenital weakness of the musculoskeletal system of the foot;
  • paralysis of the musculoskeletal apparatus of the foot( due to cerebral palsy or poliomyelitis);
  • rickets;
  • trauma to the foot.

Scientists have established that in children living in the city, flat feet develops 3 times more often than in rural children who have the opportunity and habit of walking barefoot.

Therefore, for the correct formation of the foot is recommended at least occasionally to allow the child to walk barefoot on grass, sand, small gravel( pebbles).At home it is possible to train a developing foot by walking a toddler in socks over strewn peas.

Foot massage with flatfoot

For proper formation of the foot, the load on it is important: with a small motor activity of the child, the probability of flatfoot development is higher. This is especially important now, when children from a small age "get attached" to a computer, a TV set and spend very little time on the street. As a result, not only a flat foot is formed, but also a violation of posture.

No less important for the prevention of flat feet is the child's shoes: it should have a small heel( 0.5 cm), soft instep and hard back. The child should not wear the shoes of other children, since in mixed footwear the load on the foot is not correctly distributed."Wrong" is not only a very flat( completely without heels) shoes, but too narrow or too wide shoes.

For the prevention of flatfoot, it is important that the baby's nutrition is adequate, with enough calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D.

. Even if the baby has correctly formed a foot, the child is not guaranteed a flat foot in the future. In some cases, the disease is not detected at preschool age and continues to progress;reveal it in adolescence and even later.

Symptoms of flatfoot

By the time of the onset of foot pathology:

  • congenital flat feet due to genetic disorders or connective tissue dysplasia;
  • acquired flat feet as a consequence of diseases or pathology of the musculoskeletal system of the foot.

Because of the onset:

  • is paralytic( in children with cerebral palsy);
  • is ricky( due to a violation of vitamin and mineral metabolism);
  • is static( as a result of muscle weakness of the foot, regardless of its cause).

In the direction of spreading:

  • transverse( an increase in the lateral size of the foot, the most frequent option at an early age of the child);
  • longitudinal( the longitudinal size of the foot increases);
  • longitudinal-transverse( with an increase in both longitudinal and transverse dimensions of the foot, in children is extremely rare).

Parents may suspect the development of flat feet in a child by such signs:

  • when walking a child "clumsy": the feet wrap inside, while the feet should be located in the child while walking in parallel;
  • the child comes when walking on the inner edges of the feet;
  • complaints of the child on fatigue while walking, back and leg pain, refusal of a long walk;the severity of complaints increases with the child's age;
  • uneven stomping of the heels of shoes( more on the inside) in children after 5 years.

If a child has any of these symptoms, consult an orthopedic practitioner.

A more obvious test is flatfoot: the sole surface of the child's feet is smeared with paint or oil and put on a piece of paper( the legs should be straight and closed).Then raise the child and look at the printed pattern. If it has the shape of a string bean - the arch of the foot is correct, if the entire foot is widely printed, you should consult an orthopedist. This test is applicable only to children older than 5-6 years, when the foot is already formed.

Orthopedist usually also uses the method of planotography - the study of a footprint on a sheet of paper after lubricating the soles with a special solution.

When a child reaches the age of 5, a mandatory examination of the orthopedist is necessary, even if there are no complaints.

What are the effects of flatfoot?

Effects of flat feet

Many parents mistakenly think that flat feet do not pose a serious threat to a child's health, and do not even consider him a disease. Such parents do not take seriously the complaints of the baby for fatigue and pain in the legs or back, consider them just whims, do not consider it necessary to show the child to the orthopedist.

Such an attitude is unacceptable, since it can lead to untimely treatment and development of a number of complications and the consequences of flatfoot.

The foot performs the function of "spring" when walking or running. With flatfoot, there is practically no depreciation due to the foot. Therefore, when walking or running, "recoil," or shaking, falls on the shin, hip joint and spine, which contributes to the development of arthrosis( dystrophic joint damage due to destruction of the intraarticular cartilage).

Often, the appearance of scoliosis( curvature of the spine) is associated with the asymmetry of the sacrum that occurs with this pathology. Frequently, with flat feet, the nails grow, the toes are curved.

"Harmless" flatfoot can lead not only to deformation of the foot bones, limp and clubfoot of the child, increased fatigue during walking, but also cause spinal hernia, persistent sciatica, arthritis( inflammation of the joints) and osteochondrosis in the future.

Activation of biologically active energy points on the sole can cause, according to some experts, many diseases of various organs.

To delay with the reference to the doctor and treatment it is impossible, because timely treatment provides an opportunity to prevent further progression of the disease and the development of complications. In itself, the flat feet will not pass.

Treatment of

Treatment of flatfoot

The treatment prescribed by the orthopedist helps to strengthen the foot muscles, improve its blood supply, soft impact on ligaments and joints to correct the existing deformation of the foot and ankle.

To achieve success is easier in childhood, when the full ossification of the skeleton has not yet come. Treatment should be carried out even with a minimum degree of flatfoot. The later treatment begins, the more difficult it is to correct the existing disorders.

Treatment of flat feet in children is carried out by different methods:

  • therapeutic exercise: a set of special exercises, individually tailored to each child, depending on the extent of the changes;
  • physiotherapy methods: in the polyclinic - iontophoresis, electrophoresis;houses - baths with sea salt, herbal decoctions;
  • therapeutic massage;
  • manual therapy;
  • reflexotherapy;
  • wearing special shoes: selected strictly in size, made of natural material, with a small heel and a hard back;Individual insoles are also selected;shoes and insoles not only help to correct the formation of the foot, but also reduce discomfort during walking;
  • if necessary, treatment in a sanatorium is recommended.

During treatment, the orthopedist will determine the frequency of visits to the doctor to monitor the treatment and correct it( if necessary).

Flatfoot prevention

It is possible to diagnose a flatfoot in a child not earlier than 5-6 years, but prevention should be done from the very birth of the child.

  • To timely notice problems with the foot, you must regularly visit an orthopedic doctor. It should be visited at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, so as not to miss the appearance of signs of rickets, contributing to the development of flat feet. After a year, the baby should be shown to the orthopedist at least once a year.
  • Since birth, the baby needs to daily massage the feet.
  • Use the walking of the child on uneven surfaces barefoot( on grass, sand, pebbles or a special massage mat).
  • Every day, do a special set of exercises( see below).
  • Provide the child with properly selected footwear( in size, made from natural material, with a hard back, flexible sole and a small heel).The main criterion for choosing shoes should be not its beauty, but compliance with the above requirements. For the child, the shoes should be as comfortable and comfortable as possible: to keep the fingers free and the heel securely fixed.
  • Do not wear worn, heavily worn shoes.
  • For the purpose of tempering and improving blood circulation, pour the feet with cool water.
  • Correct dosage of physical exercises, walking, outdoor games, because the harm to the child will cause both insufficient and excessive loads.

Special gymnastics complex for strengthening the ligaments and muscles of the foot and preventing flat feet includes such exercises:

  • in the sitting position on the stool:

- extension and flexion of the toes;

- alternately lifting from the floor of socks and heels;

- circular movement of each foot;

- stretching of socks from themselves and to themselves;

- the maximum dilution to the heels of the heels, without tearing the socks off the floor;

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