Pain in the hip joint
What if I have pain in the hip joint?
The hip joint is located at the junction of the femur with the pelvis. It is designed in such a way that it provides freedom of movement of the foot in all planes. The hip joint is the largest joint of the body and plays a decisive role in the provision of uprightness. The pressure of the entire upper half of the body is applied to it. All these features lead to the fact that he very often undergoes various injuries. Any trouble in the hip joint manifests itself in the form of a pain syndrome. Painful changes can be subjected to all its components: bones;muscles surrounding the joint of the thigh and pelvis;articular cartilage;tendons;vessels and nerves, braiding joints.
The most common causes of pain in the hip are:
infectious inflammation, or arthritis;
degenerative changes, or osteoarthritis( coxarthrosis);
aseptic necrosis of the head of the thigh;
inflammation of the periarticular bag( bursitis);
noninfectious inflammation in autoimmune connective tissue diseases;
Infectious inflammation, or purulent arthritis
One of the most common diseases in the practice of a doctor of hip joint disease.
Purulent inflammation in the joint can be:
Primary purulent inflammation develops with direct penetration of microbes into the joint cavity, for example, when injured in the region of the hip( stabbing, falling on a sharp object).
Secondary infectious arthritis is the result of the introduction of microorganisms into the joint cavity with blood during sepsis or from surrounding tissues, if there is a focus of purulent inflammation( phlegmon thigh, furuncle, abscess) next to it.
Like any other purulent inflammation, septic arthritis is characterized by 5 classic symptoms:
redness over the joint area;
Purulent arthritis begins with a sharp increase in temperature to 38-40 C and the appearance of chills. Symptoms of general intoxication develop: weakness, headache, nausea. The area of the joint swells, the skin over it acquires a crimson shade. Anatomical boundaries of the joint are smoothed, it increases in size. The pain with infectious arthritis is sharp, worries the patient both during movement and at rest. It is caused by the accumulation of purulent contents in the joint cavity. Because of the painful syndrome, movements in the hip joint become impossible: the patient lies, neither does he sit, nor can he stand.
A doctor may suspect purulent arthritis when listening to complaints and examining the area of the hip joint. To clarify the diagnosis, the patient has a common infectious disease or foci of suppurative inflammation of the tissues nearby.
To confirm the suspicion will help the radiography of the hip joint in the straight and lateral projections.
The basis for the treatment of purulent arthritis of the hip joint is potent antibacterial therapy. A combination of 2-3 antibiotics of different groups is used. As a rule, they are introduced in the form of intravenous systems. If the infection has got to the joint from the focus of inflammation in the surrounding soft tissues, then the excision of abscesses, the installation of drains.
An important point of treatment is to ensure complete rest of the aching leg. This is achieved by imposing a tire or plaster bandage.
If a lot of purulent contents accumulate in the joint cavity, then it is punctured and washed with antibiotics.
After that end of the acute phase of inflammation, physiotherapy is prescribed: ultrasound, UHF.During the recovery period, to prevent the development of intra-articular adhesions and the restriction of movements in the hip joint, a set of exercises of physiotherapy exercises is prescribed.
Surgical treatment may be needed if medication is not successful or serious complications develop. During the operation, the joint cavity is opened and cleared of purulent masses. The most serious complications of septic arthritis is purulent melting of the head of the femur. In this case, after the inflammation subsides, the hip joint is replaced by an endoprosthesis.
Osteoarthritis, or coxarthrosis
Is the most common cause of disability among all hip diseases.
Coxarthrosis is based on degenerative( destruction) and dystrophic( eating disorders) processes in the hip joint. As a result, the joint ceases to perform its functions - the leg movements are disturbed.
Hip osteoarthritis can affect people at any age, but more often it occurs in the "over 40" age group. Although all the mechanisms of development of painful changes in coxarthrosis are not fully understood, it is possible to single out the main stages of the development of the disease.
The hip joint is subjected to enormous daily loads. With age, the articular cartilage covering the head of the femur begins to lose its elasticity and elasticity, it reduces the water content, slows down the process of replacing old cells with new ones. All this leads to the fact that the cartilage under the action of loads gradually wears out, becomes thinner and can no longer provide a smooth movement of the head of the femur in the acetabulum. The painful process is aggravated by the fact that simultaneously with the thinning of the cartilage the production of intraarticular fluid, which plays the role of lubricant, decreases. Bone rubbing against bone leads to the development of aseptic( non-infectious) inflammation in the joint cavity. In response to this, bone outgrowths begin to appear at the edges of the articular surfaces, which are the protective reaction of the organism and reduce the volume of movement in the diseased joint. There is deformation of the joint.
In addition, the development of osteoarthritis of the hip joints contribute to the violation of posture, flat feet, sports injuries, congenital subluxation of the thigh, diabetes mellitus, the use of hormonal drugs, advanced purulent arthritis.
Osteoarthritis, unlike arthritis, never develops suddenly. Its symptoms are manifested for a long time. Depending on the severity of those changes that occurred in the joint, there are 3 stages of coxarthrosis.
Stage I pain is characterized by pain in the hip joint, which occur during excessive loads: walking on stairs with a load in hands, walking more than 2-3 kilometers, running. Painful sensations abate after a short rest. In rest, the patient does not bother. When viewed, the shape of the joint is unchanged, movements in it are unlimited.
In the 2 stages of coxarthrosis, the pains begin to be transmitted to the groin, the inner and the front of the thigh, often dropping to the knee. They arise after the usual daily load, but do not disturb at rest. After a long walk, the patients begin to limp. At this stage, the rotational movements of the leg in the hip joint are broken inward and the withdrawal of its side. Such a forced position leads to disruption of the muscles of the thigh, buttocks - a decrease in tone and strength.
At stage 3, hip pains worried patients even at rest, at night. Noticeable lameness, which forces the use of a cane, is noticeable. The leg on the sore side is shortened, the muscles of the buttocks and thighs decrease in size - they atrophy.
In most cases, the diagnosis of coxarthrosis is not difficult. It is made on the basis of patient complaints, an objective examination of the aching leg and is confirmed on X-rays.
The choice of methods for the treatment of arthrosis of the hip depends on the severity of the changes that occurred in the joint.1 and 2, the degree of illness can be treated, as a rule, conservatively. Anti-inflammatory drugs, chondroprotectors, drugs that improve blood circulation in the joint, physiotherapy, curative gymnastics are prescribed.
2 degree of coxarthrosis can be treated and surgical methods. The aim of the operations is to improve the stability of the hip joint and remove the bony growths.
Stage 3 is treated only by surgery. Those patients who are able to transfer the replacement of the joint to an artificial one for the state of health, undergo hip arthroplasty. Patients with severe concomitant diseases( cardiac, renal failure, neglected forms of diabetes mellitus) or very old age, who are contraindicated in the installation of the prosthesis, palliative( auxiliary) operations are performed.
The dislocation of the thigh most often occurs in children.
Hip dislocation by birth is divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital dislocation of the hip occurs in utero due to improper formation of the pelvic bones.
Acquired is the result of an injury. It can occur when falling on the hip from a height, hitting the lower half of the body with the legs bent in the knee and hip joints, for example, during an automobile accident. Also spontaneous dislocations of the hip joint are observed in patients with paralysis of the lower limbs after a stroke, spinal injury or polio.
Congenital dislocation of hip
Detected in newborns, usually at the first examination in the hospital. It is characterized by the asymmetry of the folds of the skin under the buttocks, the shortening of the leg on the diseased side. When trying to spread apart, the knees bent at the knees cause a sharp pain in the hip joints, which causes the newborn to cry.
Traumatic dislocation of the thigh
The main symptom of a hip dislocation is a sharp pain in the hip joint, which does not allow to make movements, the patient does not sit and does not get up. Immediately after the injury, edema of the tissues develops over the joint, the appearance of hemorrhages. In case the head of the femur slips out of the acetabulum anteriorly, the diseased leg is turned outward and longer than the healthy one. In the rear dislocation, the foot turns inside and its shortening.
Congenital dislocation of hip
This is determined by a pediatrician or orthopedic surgeon when viewed. It is specified with the help of ultrasound diagnosis of the hip joint and X-rays.
Traumatic dislocation of the hip
It is indicated by the features of the injury and information obtained by examining the area of the joint. A dislocation of the hip is confirmed by X-ray examination of the joint in 2 projections.
Congenital dislocation of hip
Can be treated by applying orthopedic structures to hold the leg in the correct position or by surgery. The choice of method depends on the severity of the disease.
The most common orthopedic devices for correcting congenital dislocation of the hip are:
of the Pavlik stirrup;
pillow of the Dragon.
All of them fix the legs of the child in a bent and dilated position.
In the absence of success from conservative treatment, surgical techniques can be applied. They are aimed at operative correction of the head of the femur and correction of defects in the shape of the hip joint.
Traumatic dislocation of the hip
Produced by local anesthesia and drugs that remove muscle tone, or under general anesthesia, if there is a strong displacement of the femur in relation to the pelvis.
The most common fractures that lead to pain in the hip joint include fracture of the femoral neck.
Fracture of the femoral neck occurs as a complication of bone loss in osteoporosis. Most often it develops in women after 60 years. In 90% of cases, a fracture occurs when the fall is unsuccessful from the height of its growth, for example, in ice.
Sharp pain in the hip joint during movement and pressure on it, gives in the groin, the inner surface of the thigh. Rapid edema develops, a bruise can develop over the region of the hip joint. The leg is turned outward. The patient can not lift the straightened leg from the supine position on the back, arbitrarily turn it inward. There is a shortening of the leg on the side of the fracture.
Suspected fracture of the neck of the hip allow the age of the patient, the fact of injury( fall), the data obtained when examining the patient's leg. The diagnosis is confirmed on the basis of X-ray images.
The orthopedic trauma specialist has at his disposal both conservative methods for treating hip fracture and surgical techniques. Non-operative methods of treatment have very low efficacy and are used only in patients who, for health reasons, can not tolerate the operation. These methods include the imposition of a plaster bandage on the aching leg from the waist to the heel. Due to the fact that the reconstructive after 60 years pass slowly, the fusion of the femur occurs in very rare cases. In addition, this dressing causes elderly patients to spend most of their time lying down, which contributes to the development of respiratory and cardiac insufficiency, pressure sores.
Therefore, preference is given to operational techniques. The most common methods are:
osteosynthesis, when the head is attached to the bone with surgical screws or a pin;
complete replacement of the joint on the prosthesis.
Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head
If the fracture of the femoral neck is characteristic of older women, then aseptic necrosis of the femoral head affects, as a rule, young males. A greater number of cases occur at the age of 20-45 years.
At the heart of aseptic necrosis is a violation of the blood supply to the head of the femur, resulting in bone cells that are deprived of nutrition, begin to die. Over time, the process extends to the entire head, disrupting the function of the hip joint.
This can happen:
spontaneously, for no apparent reason( 1/3 of the cases);
after large doses of alcohol;
on the background of taking corticosteroid hormones;
after radiation therapy;
The main symptom of aseptic necrosis is the sharp appearance of pain in the hip joint against a background of complete health. Pain gives in the groin, the front surface of the thigh, and the waist region can spread. It is so strong that the patient can not rely on a sore leg, sit. This condition continues for several days, then the painful sensations gradually subside.
With the progression of the disease, painful attacks are repeated more often, visible changes in the hip muscles begin to occur: they decrease, lose strength. Appears lameness.
In the absence of treatment, atrophy drops to the muscles of the shin. The pain does not leave the patient even in peace, during sleep. The gait is greatly disturbed.
Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head refers to the most difficult diagnosed joint diseases. Most often it is confused with coxarthrosis. Help to make the correct diagnosis allows a thorough questioning of the patient: characteristic for bone necrosis is the sudden appearance of pain without any precursors. Auxiliary methods are: X-ray, MRI( magnetic resonance imaging), measurement of the circumference of the limbs.
It is carried out, as a rule, with the help of medications. The goals of the treatment are:
restoration of normal blood flow in the head of the femur;
prompt resorption of dead skin;
prevention of muscle atrophy;
preservation of the full volume of movements in the hip joint.
For these purposes, anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins, resorbants, drugs that improve fluid properties of the blood( antithrombotic), vasodilators, physiotherapy, therapeutic gymnastics, massage, orthopedic shoes and resting on the cane while walking.
A good curative effect was shown by minimally invasive surgical techniques. These include decompressive surgery: in the head of the femur, several narrow holes are drilled. This stimulates the growth of new blood vessels in the bone and improves blood supply. In addition, this method reduces intraosseous pressure, which completely relieves pain in 70% of patients.
In cases where necrosis has spread to a significant part of the head of the femur and the restoration of the normal structure of the joints by medication is impossible, a complete replacement of the joint with an endoprosthesis is used.
Inflammation of the periarticular bag, or bursitis
Is the most "harmless" cause of pain in the hip joint.
Inflammation of the coat that covers the joint can occur due to the following reasons:
of direct entry of microorganisms into the tissue of the bag during penetrating injury;
to go through an inflammatory process with surrounding tissue or with blood flow;
after surgery for hip replacement;
violation of posture, gait;
osteoarthritis of the hip joint with the formation of bone growths and the deposition of salts in the tendons of the muscles, to the femur in the region of the periarticular bag.
The main symptom of bursitis is pain that spreads down to the knee along the outside of the leg. Painful is also the feeling of the thigh in the projection of the large trochanter. In the initial period of the disease, the pain is acute, sharply increasing during attempts to move the leg in the hip joint. Bursitis is characterized by a rapid increase in symptoms: from the first signs to acute pain can take no more than 1 day.
Pain sensations are associated with the accumulation of inflammatory fluid in the bag and the emerging friction of the tendons on the surface of the femur.
There may be an increase in the circumference of the thigh due to edema, an increase in body temperature.
The diagnosis of bursitis is made only after other reasons for the development of pain in the hip joint are excluded.
The spread of pain along the external surface of the leg and tenderness in the location of the diseased spit on the thigh help to establish a diagnosis. It is confirmed by X-ray examination.
The goal of the treatment is to remove the pain syndrome and eliminate inflammation. For this purpose, medicamental methods are used: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of injections by the course. In the acute period of the disease, mobility in the hip joint is required in the form of a bed rest.
Severe pain is an indication for the administration of corticosteroid drugs inside the periarticular bag. Thus, a rapid anti-inflammatory effect is achieved.
With purulent inflammation, the bag is surgically opened and its cavity is cleaned with drainage. This prevents the inflammation from passing directly to the joint.
In case of unsuccessful attempts at conservative treatment, the issue of prompt removal of the entire modified periarticular bag may arise. Most often, endoscopic techniques are used for this.
Noninfectious inflammation in autoimmune diseases of connective tissue
The most common of these diseases is rheumatoid arthritis of the hip joint.
All arthritis caused by autoimmune diseases is based on damage to the connective tissue membranes surrounding the joint. Rheumatoid arthritis is never purulent, it is a potent provoking factor in the development of coxarthrosis.
The basis of this disease is damage to synovial joints of the joint by autoimmune complexes, which are antibodies produced by the body on its own cells. In other words, the body takes the normal joint tissue for a painful object and strives to destroy it.
Provoke rheumatoid arthritis can:
is a genetic feature of the immune system, in which the body constantly has an increased willingness to autoimmune reaction;
infectious diseases, mainly of a viral nature( measles, rubella, retrovirus);
to start an autoimmune reaction can stress, hypothermia, overheating( beach sun deck), some medications.
Rheumatoid arthritis of the hip can be 3 stages:
1 stage is characterized by initial damage to synovial membranes. This is expressed in swelling, swelling in the site of the projection of the joint, pain in the hip joint when walking. There may be a local increase in temperature above the location of the joint. Stage 1 may occur with exacerbations and remissions and continue for several years.
Stage 2 of is characterized by proliferation of connective fibers in the synovial membrane of the joint, whereby it becomes thickened, loses its elasticity, "knocks" the joint into a shell. At this stage, the patient is concerned about the stiffness of the joints in the mornings, which has to be "paced" for 20-30 minutes. There may be spontaneous pain in rest or in a dream.
Stage 3 passes as coxarthrosis with deformity of the joints, proliferation of bone protrusions, violation of movement in the hip joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis, as a rule, affects two joints at once.
It is not easy to distinguish rheumatoid arthritis from other diseases that cause pain in the hip joint. For diagnosis, a biochemical and general blood test is used with the detection of rheumatoid factor, the level of ESR, and leukocytes. Rheumatoid arthritis is confirmed with the help of X-ray photographs.
To date, there has not been developed the only effective drug for rheumatoid arthritis. However, there is a treatment regimen that can slow the progression of the disease and preserve mobility in the hip joint. The earlier the treatment is started, the more chances of success in the fight against rheumatoid arthritis.
The medical standard includes:
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
The application of them must begin in stages and the replacement of one remedy with another is carried out only if the "easier" preparation is ineffective. Begin the treatment should be with the appointment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of the second generation.
The strongest drugs that can be used only with absolute inefficiency of the other three groups are cytostatics.
Surgical methods for rheumatoid arthritis are used in the most recent stages of the disease, when there is a strong restriction of mobility in the hip joint. Endoprosthetics or joint fixation( arthrodesis) is used.
Takes a special place among the causes of pain in the hip joints in children.
Developed by the action of mycobacteria tuberculosis. It may be primary, in this case the focus of tuberculosis is immediately localized in the joint, or secondary, when the bacilli are brought into the hip joint with a current of blood from the lungs or other affected organs. Most often occurs in weakened children.
Tuberculosis arthritis is characterized by a slow progressive course. In the initial stages, the child complains of rapid fatigue, runs a little. Then comes the smoothing of the gluteal fold and gradual atrophy of the hip muscles. There is a restriction of movements in the hip joint. In the future, the pain intensifies, the leg on the sore side seems longer than healthy. In the joint cavity, an inflammatory fluid accumulates, which is suppressed. Dissolving the synovial membrane of the hip joint, the pus flows between the muscles and forms a cold abscess.
A complete examination of the child for detection of foci of tuberculosis in other organs is carried out. To determine the degree of destruction of the head of the femur will help x-rays.
In children, conservative treatment is indicated. It involves limiting mobility in the hip joint by imposing a high cast bandage that grasps the body from the chest to the foot. A combination of anti-tuberculosis drugs is prescribed.
Surgical treatment is performed in the case of the formation of an abscess in soft tissues. It is opened and drainage is installed.
The pain that occurs in the hip joint can be a manifestation of completely different diseases. In order not to miss the time and start treatment in time, it is necessary to consult an orthopedic doctor at the first signs of trouble in this joint.
Author of the article: Muravitsky Igor Valerievich, rheumatologist
Prevention and treatment of hip synovitis in children and adults
Synovitis of the hip joint is called an inflammatory process that takes place in the synovial membrane and is limited by its limits. The disease is characterized by congestion of effusion( exudate) in the affected joint cavity.
Classification of the disease
Physicians classify the disease according to its etiology( origin) and distinguish synovitis :
- Traumatic synovitis is the most common form of the disease resulting from the resulting mechanical damage to the joint. As a result of developing pathological processes, the synovial membrane synthesizes an excess amount of fluid that accumulates in the joint region. The cause of traumatic synovitis may be damage to the cartilaginous tissue and a violation of the synovial membrane integrity.
- Infectious synovitis appears as a result of penetration into the synovial membrane of pathogenic microorganisms. The disease can be a complication of arthritis, chronic or acute tonsillitis. Infections from the internal organs penetrate into the joint cavity through lymph and blood.
- Reactive synovitis arises as a response to any pathological processes occurring in the body. It can be a disease of internal organs or the penetration of toxic substances into the body. Reactive synovitis of the hip joint can be considered a variety of allergic reaction - a kind of protection of the body in response to an unknown factor of influence.
- Transit synovitis often develops in children under 15 years of age. Manifestations occur suddenly( mainly in the morning) and are characterized by rapid development. The causes of transient synovitis of the hip are supposedly long walking or viral diseases( influenza).
- Chronic synovitis occurs when the treatment of an acute form of the disease was inadequate or not performed at all. This form of pathology is less common than others.
By the nature of the exudate( effusion) is distinguished purulent, serous, adhesive and hemorrhagic synovitis .
The main causes that cause the development of the diseaseThe main cause of synovitis are injuries( bumps, bruises, cuts), most often quite strong, leading to fractures of the joint.
Traumatic lesions of a sporting nature are widespread. To other reasons for this pathology include :
- Allergic reactions resulting from mechanical or toxic effects on joints;
- Neurological disorders;
- Endocrine pathology;
- Hemophilia( hereditary blood disease);
- Degenerative and dystrophic processes in the joints;
- Infectious lesions - pathogens can be streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci( often synovitis develops on the background of tuberculosis or syphilis).
Why there is a pathological lordosis of the cervical spine and how to deal with it read here.
manifests itself The acute forms of the disease manifest fairly typically and are pronounced brightly. The main symptom of is a pain syndrome localized in the area of the affected joint. The pain is quite intense, increasing with palpation. In addition to pain, synovitis manifests itself :
- Swelling in the affected area due to excessive amount of effusion;
- Changing the shape of the joint;
- Reduced mobility of the affected limb;
- Weakened ligament apparatus;
- Increased body temperature( often insignificant - up to 38.5 degrees);
- General weakness of the body.
Chronic synovitis develop without pronounced pain symptoms and progress slowly. With a purulent synovitis, the patient develops a febrile state and chills.
How to correctly diagnose the pathological condition ofDiagnosing synovitis of the hip joint is not always easy, as well as timely identify the cause of the disease.
Pain sensations in the hip joint of can be misinterpreted as manifestations of abnormalities in the abdominal cavity, genital organs and lower backbone.
For the diagnosis, the doctor performs a thorough examination of the patient, revealing the external signs of joint damage - the presence of swelling and swelling. Attention is paid to the mobility of the joint - for this the doctor conducts the so-called "frog test" .From the position of lying on the back, a person with a synovitis in the hip region can not take the thigh of the affected limb to the side as far as the healthy one. Attention is drawn to the gait of the diagnosed - often with synovitis lameness develops.
Also conducted radiography, ultrasound and puncture. The latter method is the most reliable method of diagnosing inflammatory processes in the synovial membrane. During this procedure, the orthopedist draws fluid from the joint cavity by means of a needle and examines the resulting sample, pretreated with antibiotics. Based on the results of the analysis, the doctor can more accurately diagnose a disease and prescribe appropriate therapy.
X-ray transient synovitis of the hip joint
Specificity of the development of the disease in children
Hip synovitis in children often develops in a transient form, the etiology of which is not yet fully understood by medicine. There is also a nonspecific( transient) variety of the disease - it is typical for boys under 10 years old and is accompanied by lameness. This synovitis appears spontaneously and is not accompanied by temperature.
During illness in small patients, there are pain and limited mobility in the joint. No bone changes are observed, but a noticeable enlargement of the joint gap can be observed. It is assumed that this ailment is a reaction of the immune system to a viral infection. The disease passes two weeks after the use of anti-inflammatory drugs.
Therapeutic measures to cure the disease
Treatment of synovitis of the hip joint should be comprehensive. The physician selects the treatment methods for the , taking into account the specific current condition of the disease and its
variety. The therapeutic effect depends on the cause of the disease and the severity of the manifestations.
is used as symptomatic treatment for - pain, vitamin complexes and drugs stimulating the defenses of the body are eliminated. As necessary, they use antipyretic drugs.
At the initial stage of treatment, the joint puncture is performed - the purpose of this procedure is to remove the effusion. is also immobilized
( fixation) of the joint by means of a pressure bandage and by applying a tire for up to 7 days. At this stage, the patient needs complete physical rest - if this condition is met, recovery is much faster.
Simultaneously with the immobilization of the damaged joint, is administered drug therapy with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - ibuprofen, voltaren, movalis and others. Medication is administered orally or a place is administered in the form of ointments.The dosage and the duration of the drug course are determined by the doctor taking into account the individual condition of the patient.
Recurrent synovitis ( which occurs not for the first time) is treated with stronger agents - brufen, indomethacin, salicylates, heparin and glucocorticosteroids.
Chronic synovitis is eliminated by enzyme inhibitors that affect the increased production of synovial fluid and drugs,, which stabilize and reduce the permeability of cell membranes( countercranial, trasylene).Medicines are injected.
physiotherapy is also used - shock wave therapy, electrophoresis, phonophoresis, therapeutic exercises and massage.
If conservative treatment has not produced results or has been found to be poorly satisfactory, radical therapy in the form of surgical intervention is used. The operational impact of is used as the most extreme measure and consists in the partial or complete removal of the affected synovial area affected by the inflammatory processes. This operation is called a synovectomy.
Treatment of the disease with folk remediesTherapy of synovitis of the hip joint with the help of traditional medicine should not be an independent and unique method of exposure.
Unconventional treatment of should only supplement the main one.
Treatment of synovitis in the home can be done with the help of phytotherapy - exposure to preparations on a plant basis. The most effective recipes for the treatment of inflammatory processes in the joints are the following :
- . Grind the rye in the amount of one cup, pour two liters of water and simmer for 30 minutes. Cool, add half a liter of vodka, 1 kg of honey, 5 tablespoons of ground barberry. Infuse for 2 weeks, then take daily before meals for 2-3 tablespoons.
- Comfrey decoction ( used inside and applied as a compress).
- Treatment with bay oil .The crushed laurel leaves are poured with linseed or olive oil, after which the mixture is removed for 14 days in a dark place. The product is rubbed into the skin.
- Thyme, tansy, echinacea, birch and eucalyptus leaves are mixed in equal proportions( 1 spoonful), poured into two glasses of boiling water and infused for an hour. Strain, drink in small portions.
Prognosis and prophylactic measures
The prognosis for correct treatment is in most cases favorable, sometimes joint stiffness may occur and the amplitude of decrease. The most dangerous is purulent synovitis, since the possibility of sepsis development is not ruled out.
Preventative measures include timely treatment of injuries and infections, as well as observance of caution when playing sports.
Video: How is hip puncture performed?
Diagnosis of hip pain, treatment with pills, ointments, gymnastics and folk remedies
To get an idea of what processes can cause hip pain, one must know its structure well.
Anatomy of the joint
A simple synovial joint forms two bones - femoral and iliac. The acetabulum, located in the ilium, is the place of contact with the ball-shaped head of the femur - together they form a movable articulation, which provides the joint with the ability to perform rotational movements.
This natural "hinge" is covered with cartilaginous tissue, elastic and smooth. It is the cartilage that produces articular fluid that plays the role of lubrication, ensures a smooth glide of the bones, uniform distribution and softening of the load when walking. The joint fluid filling the joint cavity forms on the cartilaginous surface a strong elastic film protecting the tissue from the destructive effect of mechanical loads.
In addition, lubrication is also a nutrient material. At a young age, the water content in the cartilage is up to 80%, after 40 years - progressively decreases, so the flexibility and springiness of the joints decreases. A physically developed person works well with the femoral and gluteal muscles, which assume part of the load and thereby reduce the risk of injury to the joint.
Why there is pain on the right
Healthy hip joints do not hurt. Some tenderness in the femoral area may appear after sports training with high loads, after stretching or long walking. But these sensations have nothing to do with the pain caused by an inflammatory or destructive process in the joint region.
In medicine, there is an extensive classification of diseases of the hip joints( by the nature of the occurrence and the nature of the course), but the most common of these are arthrosis, arthritis, trauma.
Symptoms of arthrosis
Arthrosis is a disease that is extremely rare at a young age. This is a dystrophic change in the joint tissue, characterized by a loss of cartilage functionality. Articular fluid ceases to be produced in sufficient quantities, resulting in friction between the joint head and the iliac bone. Over time, this leads to thinning of the tissues of articulation, fragility of the joint, loss of mobility.
A person who feels pain in the hip joint on the right due to developing arthrosis, can not freely move his foot to the side, sit down "in Turkish", climb to a high step. He feels pain in the groin, buttocks, leg( to the knee).The intensity of pain in the hip joint on the right increases after a long walk, lifting weights. At rest, discomfort passes. The general physical condition remains, as a rule, satisfactory, therefore the patient does not hasten to address to the doctor.
In arthrosis, there is one feature - the pain itself disappears, the code of the person "diverges", and arises with new force after sleep and rest. However, the disease invariably progresses, flowing with periodic exacerbations, the intervals between which can be quite impressive( from two to eight months).
Methods for diagnosis of coxarthrosis
Arthrosis of the hip joint on the right( coxarthrosis) is often diagnosed in women after 50 years, which is associated with the physiological characteristics of the female body, that is, with hormonal restructuring during menopause. In addition to painful sensations in the lesion, a characteristic dry and coarse crunch may appear, which is fundamentally different from painless "clicking" of healthy joints. In the absence of treatment, a person begins to limp, often limb deformity( the leg is shortened), and the load on the lumbar spine will increase sharply.
It is very important to diagnose the disease correctly. In medical practice, cases with progressive coxarthrosis of the patient begin to be treated for complicated osteochondrosis are widely accepted, taking as a main symptom a shooting pain in the leg, pain in the lumbar region and groin. And, conversely, the diagnosis is "coxarthrosis", while the patient suffers from inflammation of the tendons( trochanteritis).
With similar symptoms, it is necessary to carefully differentiate the pathology, based on a comprehensive diagnosis. These are the radiographs, ultrasound, MRI.One of the most important external signs of coxarthrosis is the stiffness of the movements, up to the point that a person can not freely put his foot on his leg or put on shoes.
Conservative and surgical treatment
Osteoarthritis refers to irreversible destructive processes, but at the same time patients can lead a habitual way of life - provided that timely and correct therapy is prescribed, as well as with careful implementation of the expert's recommendations regarding exercise and gymnastics.
The pain syndrome is first removed, preparations are prescribed that activate the cartilage tissue, after which special gymnastics is recommended, which strengthens the gluteal and hip muscles. Exercises designated by a specialist should be performed regularly, without omissions and breaks.
However, in the third stage of the disease, the code of the joint head and acetabulum are severely deformed, it is impossible to avoid surgical intervention( the broken joint is replaced by a titanium implant).The stronger the muscles, the more active the circulation of blood and the slower the process of destruction of the joint tissue.
The question of making a decision about endoprosthetics is quite complicated, because in old age there is a great risk of postoperative complications. The representatives of the middle age group may have problems 15 years after the operation, when it comes time to change the artificial joint repeatedly. Nevertheless, the surgical method allows to completely remove the pain, restore the functionality of the joint and significantly improve the quality of life.
Principles of treatment of coxarthrosis( Table 1)
|Integrated approach||Therapy without drugs||Drug therapy||Surgery|
|Evaluate the degree of the main risk factors( overweight, minimal physical activity, joint dysplasia), pain intensity, nature of damage||Training:and walkers( if the lesion covers both joints).Therapeutic exercises, diet. Physiotherapy: electrostimulation, thermotherapy||Paracetamol, opioid analgesics, NSAIDs, symptom-modifying agents of delayed action( HS, CS, Arthra), intraarticular injection of HA if analgesics are not effective||Endoprosthetics|
Coxarthrosis treatment involves the use of symptomatic drugs of fast and delayed action. The first group is simple analgesics( paracetamol), used to relieve the pain syndrome in the first place, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) prescribed to patients in whom paracetamol was ineffective. Among NSAIDs, the most commonly prescribed are
- diclofenac in tablets or injectable form.
- Nimesulide( its advantage lies in the chondroprotective effect).
- to Lornoxicam.
Analgesics of the opioid series can be used for severe pain, but for a short time. Glucocorticosteroids( SCS) in the form of injections paraarticularly or into the joint area can also have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, but there are a number of opinions that drugs of this group can worsen the condition of the cartilaginous tissue and aggravate the course of the disease. Most often, injections metipreda, kenalog, hydrocortisone, diprospan. Among the chondroprotectors( the group of drugs that are arguing the most) it is better to prefer "Don", "Structum".
It is impossible to deny the role of folk remedies used in the treatment of pathology. Basically, these are different diets( it is recommended to include a chill in the diet - to improve the nutrition of the cartilaginous tissue), analgesic ointments, rubbers, compresses. In some cases, folk remedies allow for a long time to remove the pain syndrome, but not get rid of the disease.
injuries The cause of arthrosis of the hip joint may be a trauma, for example, fracture of the bottom or edges of the acetabulum, articular head or femur, resulting in deformation of the bones surrounding the joint. The pain on the right side increases with walking, but does not completely pass at rest.
In practical traumatology in the treatment of intraarticular pathologies, osteosynthesis is used - to prevent the displacement of bone fragments they are joined together by plates or special screws. With improper bone fusion, the risk of developing arthrosis increases.
Pain on the right side of the joint can develop due to its irregular structure( dysplasia).As a rule, this defect is congenital and the reasons for it are not fully understood. The essence of the pathology lies in the fact that the underdeveloped acetabulum is not deep enough, therefore can not fix the articular head. Dysplasia can not disturb a person for a long time, but in women the dysplastic joint starts to hurt in the second half of pregnancy, when the load on the musculoskeletal system increases and the hormonal balance changes.
Aseptic necrosis of the joint head of the thigh bone
Arthrosis sometimes develops as a result of the death of a part of the bone tissue. This pathology in medicine is called "avascular necrosis of the head of the femur".The causes of the disease are not exactly defined, but poor blood supply to the joint is the most likely factor contributing to the development of the disease. The disease can occur after a bruise, dislocation or fracture of the joint.
Arthritis is a group of joint diseases associated with their inflammation due to exposure to infectious agents or non-infectious nature( autoimmune lesion).Unlike coxarthrosis, young people, and children, often suffer from arthritis. In most cases, the hip joint is affected only after the primary manifestation of the disease, since the pathological process primarily affects the hands and knees.
Inflammation of the cartilaginous tissue and synovial membrane often causes excruciating pain, with the swelling and redness of the area around the joint.
Comprehensive diagnostics are needed to determine the type of cause of the cocksite and to develop a treatment regimen. In children, the hip joint can become inflamed after tonsillitis, meningitis, otitis, frontalitis, scarlet fever and other serious infections.
The development of coxite( which is a systemic disease) indicates the appearance of severe pain in the groin area and a limping gait. It can hurt not only the joint on the right, but also the knee, shin, foot, toes. In the absence of emergency treatment of the hip joint, it loses mobility, while the disease continues to progress, affecting the muscular, connective and cartilaginous tissues. The pains with arthritis are so strong that they often cause disability( a person is not able to work or lead a habitual way of life).To completely alleviate suffering, neither folk remedies nor analgesics sold in pharmacies without prescriptions help.
Arthritis, affecting the hip joint, can be rheumatoid, infectious-allergic, reactive. The disease proceeds either in an acute form( which is characterized by periodic attacks and prolonged interruptions), or in a chronic, accompanied by relapses.
By nature of tissue damage, primary-bone and primary-synovial arthritis are distinguished. At primary-osteal forms at first the bone, and then a synovial membrane inflames. This process is the most characteristic for the tubercular form of pathology.
By classifying arthritis, one can not fail to mention such an important pathogenesis-provoking factor as autoimmune diseases. Lupus erythematosus, myopathies, as a rule, cause inflammation of the cartilaginous and bone tissue, and the hip joint is affected simultaneously with the ankle and hands.
Arthritis always has a number of concomitant symptoms( except pain in the groin on the right), which fundamentally distinguishes the disease from pathologies of a destructive nature. If the disease is triggered by an infection( streptococcus, gonococcus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa), the patient has fever, chills and fever, and the pain becomes "shooting."In the area of inflammation, the skin reddens, the muscles become chained.
In chronic forms of the disease, which occurs with periodic exacerbations, the accompanying symptoms are not so pronounced, but fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath with fast walking, weight loss, loss of appetite are almost always observed. The sick person intuitively protects the leg to avoid pain intensification, so the gait becomes cautious, with the inclination to the left. Gradually the femoral and inguinal muscles atrophy, and in this case the patient can move only with the help of walkers or in a wheelchair.
In rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, hip joints are affected on both sides, even if the patient feels pain just to the right. A feature of the lesion in the rheumatological nature of arthritis is the presence of morning stiffness and the intensification of pain syndrome at night( pre-weaning hours).
Visual inspection, symptom analysis, clinical examination( blood test, fluid and joint puncture), cause identification, hardware diagnostics - all of the above listed methods allow you to give an accurate conclusion about the nature of the disease, the stage of development, the cause. When identifying the signs of the tuberculosis process, it is necessary to consult a phthisiatrician.
Arthritis is treated by doctors of different specialties - it all depends on the stage of the illness and the reason that caused it. Treatment is conservative, complex, includes the following areas:
- antibiotic therapy;
- mud treatment;
- exercise according to the exercise program;
- paraffin therapy;
In the absence of an integrated approach, you can somewhat ease the patient's condition, remove inflammation of the tissues, but avoid the atrophy of the joint will not succeed. Only full-fledged treatment can minimize violations of the joint function. Doctors do not recommend treating arthritis only with folk remedies. Neither warming ointment, nor compresses, nor diets will not help cardinally solve the problem. Moreover, incorrectly chosen folk techniques can cause sulfur damage to health.
Anti-inflammatory and symptomatic for arthritis( Table 2)
|Diclofenac||75-150 mg / day - 2 doses|
|Ibuprofen||1200-3200 mg / day - 4 doses|
|Indomethacin||75-150 mg / day -4 admission|
|Ketoprofen||100-300 mg / day - 2 doses|
|Nimesulide||200-400 mg / day - 2 doses|
|Flurbiprofen||200-300 mg / day - 2 doses|
|Celecoxib||200-400 mg / day - 2 doses|
|Drugs with a half-life of more than 6 hours|
|Meloxicam||7,5-15 mg / day - once a day|
|Naproxen||1000 mg / day - once a day|
|Piroxicam||10-20 mg / day - once a day|
|Aceclofenac||200 mg / day - 2 doses|
Antibiotics and hormonal preparations are selected by a specialist taking into account a variety of factors,among which the primary importance is to have the physical condition of the patient, the nature and stage of the disease. Given the severity of the course of arthritis, the physician should choose those pharmacological drugs that, with minimal side effects, will achieve tangible results of treatment. It is unacceptable to prescribe gymnastics, as well as intensive physical exercises before the removal of the inflammatory process.
When treating children, it is necessary to constantly monitor the child's condition, analyze the changes in the results of clinical findings, and, if necessary, involve other specialists if this is required by the specific treatment process. In complex cases in the development of a therapy scheme it is desirable that participation in the discussion was accepted by all the specialized specialists - surgeon, traumatologist, endocrinologist, immunologist, allergist.
Summarizing all of the above, it can be concluded that pain in the right hip can be caused by:
- the consequences of injuries;
- congenital pathology( dysplasia);
- with individual features of the joint structure;
- with age-related degenerative changes;
- systemic diseases.
The most important role in the successful treatment of all diseases of the hip joint is correctly performed rehabilitation. Special gymnastics and physiotherapy help to strengthen the muscles, and therefore, improve the blood supply of cartilage and bone tissue. Medical practice proves that with a long rehabilitation course, which is conducted only after the removal of all inflammatory phenomena, it is possible to prevent the destruction of the joint for a long time. This, in turn, avoids disability, preserves social activity and lives without pain. Therefore, if you have unpleasant or painful sensations in the hip joint area, you should immediately make an appointment with a doctor and undergo a complete diagnosis. Remember that the progression of arthrosis can be stopped, only at a late stage it is necessary to resort to endoprosthetics.
- Traumatology and orthopedics. Textbook. Author: GS Yumashev
- Arthrology Kalmin OV, Galkina TN, Bochkareva IV
Causes of synovitis of the hip joint and methods of treatment
Hip synovitis is an inflammatory disease when, as a resultdevelopment of pathology, a specific liquid is formed in the synovial membrane of the compound.
Classification of the disease
Based on the causes that led to the onset and development of the disease, there are several types of synovitis of the hip joint:
- Traumatic synovitis .Occurs after severe mechanical damage to the hip joint, as a result of which the functionality of the synovial membrane is disturbed, which begins to release an excessive amount of fluid. This fluid accumulates in the joint.
- Infectious synovitis .Disease of this species occurs and develops as a result of infection of the synovial membrane. Pathogenic microorganisms penetrate into this area together with blood and lymph.
- The reactive synovitis is a response to pathological processes in the internal organs and tissues of the body. That is, the synovitis of this variety can be considered a kind of allergic reaction.
- Transient synovitis occurs as a result of a viral infection transferred, or as a result of a constant excessive load on the hip joint. Children of up to 15 years are most susceptible to this type of synovitis.
- Chronic synovitis occurs when treatment of other forms of the disease was untimely, or absent altogether.
Causes of the onset and development of
Inflammatory processes in the joint area can be of a different nature. So, distinguish between aseptic and infectious inflammation. Inflammations of an infectious nature can be specific and nonspecific.
The following causes contribute to the onset of aseptic synovitis:
- Severe trauma to the synovium, leading to a violation of its integrity.
- Allergic reactions and intoxication of the body.
- Neurological and endocrine disorders.
- Previous arthritis.
- Weakness and deformation of the ligamentous apparatus.
Nonspecific infectious synovitis of the hip joint develops due to the penetration into its shell of pathogenic microorganisms( staphylococci, streptococci, other bacteria).Such infection can result in violation of the integrity of the skin in the joint area, as well as intra-articular injections performed with violation of sanitary standards.
Specific synovitis develops when the body already has internal organs affected by infection. Among such diseases include, for example, tuberculosis, syphilis. Infection from the affected organ along with blood flows to the hip joint, resulting in inflammation of its shell.
The disease can be determined on the basis of the presence of specific symptoms, including:
- Significantly reduced, or altogether lost mobility of the joint. This is noted not only in an active state( when walking), but also in a calm, that is, even sitting becomes difficult.
- Muscle contractions of a spontaneous nature, observed in the area of the affected joint.
- A local temperature increase is quite rare( insignificant).
- Pain sensations in the affected joint. Most often, pain is manifested at night. In this case, we can speak about active progression of synovitis.
- External manifestations of the inflammatory process in the form of edema, redness. These manifestations can be chronic if the disease is in a neglected stage.
In order to establish the presence of this particular disease, it is first of all necessary to identify the causes that led to the development of pathology. This requires a puncture of the synovial fluid and its detailed analysis. As a result of the study, the appearance and properties of the liquid and the presence of pathogenic microorganisms are evaluated.
In the course of ongoing biochemical studies determine the state of the synovium( the degree of permeability of its membranes, the state of blood vessels in this area).If there are any abnormalities, the synovial fluid changes its properties, becomes more viscous. This contributes to the disruption of the functionality of the joint, the development of inflammation in its area.
For the diagnosis it is necessary to conduct a visual examination of the patient, during which the external signs of the disease are determined. Similarly, the doctor conducts a detailed survey to identify the presence of diseases that can lead to the development of synovitis.
A number of additional studies are underway, such as atroscopy, biopsy, cytological studies.
Features of treatment
There are 3 main methods of treatment: traditional medicine, surgery, folk remedies.
Conservative treatment of synovitis is most commonly used. It includes the treatment of medications( anti-inflammatory drugs plus antibiotics).In addition, the mobility of the affected joint should be limited, for this, it is fixed with a special gypsum pad.
Puncture of synovial fluid is often prescribed. This method is used not only for diagnosis, but also for therapeutic purposes, since the removal of a certain amount of synovial fluid helps to relieve the shell of the joint, to relieve pain.
The physical load for the entire treatment period should be as limited as possible. After recovery, the patient can gradually return to his usual lifestyle.
The course of treatment with conservative methods is about 7 days. If there is a positive dynamics during treatment, the duration of this therapy can be increased. If there are no results, another method of treatment should be chosen.
Most often this method is surgical intervention, when the doctor opens the shell, removes the fluid and suppuration from it, rinses it with antibacterial solution. After surgery, usually prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics, as well as physiotherapy.
Along with these methods, you can use traditional medicine. However, before using non-traditional methods, you should consult a doctor.
Prognosis and prevention of
Most often the synovitis of the hip joint passes without leaving any consequences. That is, after the treatment is complete healing is complete, the unpleasant symptoms that were present earlier disappear. Thus, the patient returns to the habitual way of life for him. Of course, talk about a full recovery is possible only if the appropriate treatment was timely given. Otherwise, there may be various kinds of complications( for example, suppuration, leading to the development of blood poisoning).
Preventative measures are fairly simple: it is recommended to exercise regularly( physical exertion should be moderate, not resulting in permanent joint strain).In the event that you feel discomfort in the joint area, you need to see a doctor immediately. This will help to identify the disease at the initial stage, respectively, the treatment process will be easier, and the predictions - more favorable.
In children, it is often possible to observe a transient form of the disease. In this case, younger boys( up to 10 years) are more likely to appear.
Symptoms in children occur spontaneously, manifest in a more acute form. The disease progresses somewhat faster than in an adult. There is a strong pain, a hip joint mobility problem. There may be an expansion of the joint gap, with no other deformations noted. With timely treatment, healing occurs approximately 2 weeks after the onset of symptoms.
Hip synovitis - symptoms, diagnosis, classification and treatment
Such a disease, as synovitis, can occur as a result of an acute respiratory viral infection, or various injuries!
Hip synovitis is an inflammation of the synovial membrane of the hip joint, during which an effusion or exudate penetrates into the joint cavity. The development of the disease can be accompanied by the defeat of several joints at the same time. For example, the synovitis of the knee joint is called gonita and is much less common than hip joint damage.
Transient synovitis or transient synovitis of the hip joint can often be found in children and on this occasion they begin to limp, boys from three to ten years old are more likely to develop the disease. The development of the disease can occur after the acute respiratory viral infection, and may occur after trauma, but the exact mechanism according to which the disease begins to develop, has not yet been proven. If the cause was an infection, then specialists suspect synovitis of an infectious origin, but if a trauma, it is worthwhile to think about a traumatic synovitis. The synovitis suddenly appears and develops quite quickly, due to the constant accumulation of fluid in the joint cavity, which the inflamed synovial membrane secretes, its swelling arises.
Symptomatics and Diagnosis
Symptoms of synovitis are very similar to tuberculosis lesions of joints, in which you can observe the limitation of movements, muscle spasm, and pain in the most affected joint. Fever or the appearance of temperature can be observed in rare cases and for this disease it is not characteristic.
At an early stage of the disease X-ray can be completely useless. The only thing that the synovitis can give out with this method of research, is the expansion of the joint gap. Unlike x-ray, ultrasound is more informative in the diagnosis of synovitis. The pain that will occur mainly at night, will also indicate the rapid development of inflammation. Reliably diagnose will also help puncture, which will give a liquid, and it can be microscopically examined.
All insidiousness of the hip synovitis consists in the fact that the pain is not so intense and it can simply be undergone or drowned with the help of an anesthetic, and at rest it either decreases significantly or disappears altogether. So the patient recalls the doctor only at the late stages of the disease, when the illness is difficult to treat and sometimes difficult.
Classification of synovitis
In children, synovitis often carries a chronic character!
Traditionally, synovitis should be divided into two forms, which include acute and chronic. In acute form, pain in the joint will increase during his palpation. Then it is worthwhile to conduct additional research methods that confirm or refute the preliminary diagnosis. Mandatory ultrasound and puncture the affected joint.
Also, the synovitis of the hip joint in children is often chronic. This is due to the negligence of parents or untimely inspections, and many other reasons and as a result the disease goes into a neglected form. Sometimes, even the untreated acute form, which could be mistaken for another disease, can later pass into a chronic process.
Also synovitis is classified according to the effusion obtained during puncture. It can be purulent, when a bacterial infection joins, serous-purulent, and also serous. The purulent form makes itself known almost constantly in the form of weakness, heat and chills.
Treatment of synovitis
There are several approaches to the treatment of synovitis:
- Folk methods;
Puncture of the joint will give the most complete information about the disease
Quite often the treatment of synovitis of the hip joint begins with conservative methods. Doctors prefer in the treatment of synovitis to prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs in combination with antibiotics, and the affected limb should be fixed with a plaster bandage. In addition to drugs, joint puncture can also be performed, puncture can be both a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. The fluid that the doctor will receive as a result of it can be examined, and the joint itself, in the meantime, relieve and reduce the pain syndrome. Treatment continues for seven days or with a constant positive dynamics until the symptoms disappear. If the symptoms persisted for a week, then you should think about the correctness of the chosen method of treatment and again come to the doctor's appointment. During the first week of treatment, physical activity should be severely restricted, especially in activities that involve a high burden on the affected joint. After a week has passed, you can boldly return to the way of life that was before. Synovitis is not contagious and the sick do not excrete the pathogen into the environment. It's just the body's reaction to getting a virus into it. Therefore, often the disease is called a reactive synovitis.
In case of ineffectiveness of conservative therapy, operative methods of treatment are used, which include joint puncture. Often resorted to hiding and draining the joint cavity, especially with a purulent version of synovitis. In addition to antibiotics, in severe cases, proteolytic enzymes can also be administered.
Folk methods are based on the use of herbs. But before you take them, you should definitely consult a doctor, because self-medication can aggravate the course of the disease. In addition, it can achieve complications, which especially in the child's body develop rapidly.
Also recommend reading
- Treating folk remedies
The role and importance of synovial fluid
Synovial fluid lubricates the surface of the joints, minimizing their friction against each other. This fluid is formed by articular cartilage, its amount is strictly limited and equal to the balance between formation and back absorption through the lymphatic vessels. With synovitis, excess fluid stretches the joint capsule, which makes it difficult to move and causes pain. But not only the excess of the synovial fluid leads to bad consequences, its deficiency also affects the joints badly.
A small amount leads to the fact that the joints begin to rub strongly against each other. Every such movement causes pain. The cause of reduction of the joint fluid is dehydration of the body. With age, the formation of synovial fluid also decreases due to a decrease in the vital activity of the organism.
What are the types of the disease
? The cause of this disease can be injuries, infections that have come through the injured synovial membrane, arthritis. The main types of synovitis:
The most common of these is traumatic synovitis, which develops as a result of trauma. In this case, the synovial membrane secrete more fluid that accumulates in the joint region. The cause may be damage to articular cartilage, which leads to the fact that the joint body damages the synovial membrane. The causes of this synovitis are arthrosis or sports loads. Acute infectious synovitis develops as a result of infection. In people with angina, chronic tonsillitis, allergies, arthritis or hemophilia, the infection can penetrate blood or lymph from infected internal organs. Not understanding what it is, people are worried that it can be contagious. In fact, it is the body's reaction to infection, therefore it is called a reactive synovitis.
Less common is chronic synovitis. It becomes a consequence of a time not cured acute form. An obvious sign of chronic synovitis is dropsy. Depending on the effusion, they distinguish purulent, serous and serous-purulent synovitis.
Purulent synovitis occurs as a result of sepsis, postpartum infection, bruising or injury. In the synovial membrane germs are introduced, edema develops, and the liquid becomes yellow. Pus accumulates in the joint area, and since the capsule has a suction capacity, there is a threat of absorption of purulent products into the body, which leads to infection. Outward purulent formation is not allocated.
Symptoms of synovitis
Often the symptoms of hip joint resembling the symptoms of tuberculosis. Depending on the type of disease, they are somewhat different from each other. In case of traumatic synovitis,
- joint enlargement is observed in a few hours,
- pain during palpation and movement in the joint,
- effusion( fluid accumulation),
With acute infectious synovitis, body temperature can rise to 38.5 degrees. With chronic synovitis, the symptoms at the initial stage are not as pronounced. The disease progresses slowly. When a purulent synovitis patient is prone to febrile state with high fever and chills. Typically, the disease affects only one joint, and only in the case of polyarthritis can hit several joints.
Symptomatics of hip synovitis is quite complex, as it echoes many other diseases. The causes of pain in the hip joint can be not only damage and disease, but also pathology in the abdominal cavity, in the genitals or in the lumbar spine. It is the most difficult to diagnose toxic synovitis. Often, these reasons have a relationship. For example, arthritis can be a consequence of trauma, and then go on to synovitis.
Synovitis in children
Usually synovitis in children is accompanied by symptoms of viral diseases and in the same way over time passes. If fluid is found in the joint, the child is referred to the orthopedist. When examining the hips, attention is drawn to the stiffness of movement and swelling. A "frog" test is performed. Anxiety arises if in a lying position of a frog a child can not take aside a sick thigh in the same way as a healthy one.
The doctor asks the child to walk to reveal the presence of lameness, if the pain in the thigh worries a small patient. An inspection is performed to see if there are any other problems. The tonsils are palpated, the heartbeat is checked, the temperature is measured. Analyzes are given for a more detailed picture.
Often in boys from 3 to 10 years of age, lameness is found. It is transient, or nonspecific, synovitis. It appears spontaneously, is not accompanied by a fever, the temperature is normal. First, the child complains of pain in the knee, but then begins to more accurately localize it. Movement in the hip joint is limited, and passive movements cause pain. This disease passes in about two weeks.
In the pictures with a transient synovitis, no bone changes are observed, but on the quality X-ray photos in front and behind the enlargement of the joint gap can be noticeable. Treatment with synovitis in children is performed using anti-inflammatory drugs. Temporary inflammation of the joint is a typical reaction of the child's immune system to a viral infection.
Consequences of the disease with synovitis
There are often situations when a full recovery occurs. The patient fully restores the mobility of the joint. Especially it is characteristic for allergic synovitis. With a severe form of a purulent species there is a loss of function, and sometimes this results in the death of a patient due to blood poisoning. Therefore, one should not treat this disease with disdain.
In children, as already mentioned, the synovitis passes within a week or two without consequences. Due to the fact that in adults this disease can have a different origin, one should not rely on self-healing. Under medical supervision in case of effusion, treatment is prescribed to prevent sepsis.
To avoid illness, it is necessary to treat infectious diseases in time and to play sports in a moderate mode. At the slightest discomfort, give joints a rest, and in more difficult cases, consult a doctor. A completely neglected form can lead to prompt intervention, and there is not far to disability. But these are extremely rare cases.
Treatment with folk remedies
The disease itself is not dangerous, but it can not be started. To remove fluid from the joint bag, a puncture is often prescribed, that is, a puncture is made by the needle and the synovial fluid is pumped out. With synovitis, the joint needs rest, therefore immobility is recommended. And basically the treatment is directed against inflammatory and bacterial development. The most common herbs used in the treatment of folk remedies of Syovite hip joint: comfrey, St. John's wort, thyme, oregano, rye.
Depending on the purpose and method of application( tincture, compress, ointment), there are various recipes for folk medicine:
- good compress on damaged tissue: 2 sl.roots comfrey pour 2 tbsp.boiling water and insist the night in a thermos, drink for six months. If you mix
- ointment for bruises and diseased joints: combine the root of the comfrey with unsalted lard fat in equal proportions;
- tincture for blood cleansing and parasite run: black nut tincture for 1 tsp.three times a day before meals;
- tincture anti-inflammatory: 1 tbsp.a mixture of thyme, echinacea, yarrow, tansy, oregano, eucalyptus, birch leaf is steamed 2 tbsp.boiling water, infused for 1 hour, filtered and drunk in small portions throughout the day;
- Curing oil: 1 tbsp.crushed bay leaves pour 200 g of olive oil or sunflower oil and insist for a week. The resulting extract is shaken, filtered and rubbed into the diseased joint.
Synovitis recedes with complete rest of the joint, warmth and careful treatment. To avoid synovitis and many other unpleasant diseases, it is necessary to temper and drink vitamins.