Symptoms of osteochondrosis in women
Osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic pathology, which leads to a disruption in the nutrition of bones and cartilage of the spine. As a result of the development of osteochondrosis, the intervertebral discs become denser and thinner. The vertebrae are pinched, which leads to their protrusion beyond the vertebral column. This leads to pinching of the nerve roots and the onset of inflammatory processes. The main symptom of the disease is pain in the area of the affected intervertebral discs and in places that are even indirectly associated with them.
The main causes of
The disease develops due to:
- physically passive lifestyle;
- excessive loads on the spine or their uneven distribution( for example, when wearing weights always in only one hand);
- disorders of posture;
- wearing uncomfortable shoes( high heels);
- genetic predisposition;
- of bad habits;
- inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D;
- irrational power;
- age changes.
Special symptoms of osteochondrosis in women
Symptoms of osteochondrosis may differ depending on the localization of the pathological process. The disease can affect the cervical, thoracic, lumbar or sacral parts of the spine.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis in women and men are very similar. Differences are noticeable only in lumbar osteochondrosis, as this disease causes menstrual disorders in women
Symptoms of the disease are usually manifested in women at an earlier age. This is due to the fact that most men lead a more active lifestyle.
The manifestation of pathology in the thoracic department
For chest osteochondrosis is characterized by:
- Frequent occurrence of headaches and dizziness. Painful sensations are localized, as a rule, in the parietal-temporal or occipital areas.
- Because of the squeezing of the nerve roots, numbness of the limbs arises.
- Noise in the ears and ringing.
- In the elderly, frequent loss of consciousness is likely.
- Hysterectomy and hoarseness.
- Visual impairment and tenderness of the eyes.
- Frequent occurrence of hiccoughs and shortness of breath attacks. Blood pressure changes.
- Constant tension of the neck muscles and, as a result, snoring.
The combination of these symptoms points to the osteochondrosis of the thoracic region almost certainly. However, self-diagnosis and self-medication is not recommended even for those who are sure of their diagnosis. To determine the exact pathology, you should consult a doctor.
Symptoms of chest osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region is less common than other types of pathology. This is due to the fact that the chest area is less pronounced loads, which, moreover, are distributed more evenly.
Symptoms of chest osteochondrosis appear only at the stage of disease progression, so when they appear, you need to see a doctor urgently
. The main symptoms of the pathology are:
- pain when the arm is raised or tilted;
- painful deep breaths and exhalations;
- severe pain in the spine between the shoulder blades;
- appearance of "goosebumps" and "goosebumps" too often, numbness in some areas of the skin;
- pain in the heart.
Symptoms of lumbar injury
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis are quite typical. In lumbar osteochondrosis, women are observed:Also read: Signs of breast chondrosis
- Aching in the lower back pain. She can irradiate in the leg. Excessive tension of the muscles of the back.
- Severe pain when making attempts to bend over or make a sharp move. Stiffness of movements of the lumbar region, sometimes - all the back.
- The formation of incorrect posture.
- Pain after prolonged sitting.
- Pain in the lumbar region when lifting heavy objects.
- Varicose veins.
- Disorder of the menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of sacral osteochondrosis
This type of disease is the least common. It inevitably leads to the spread of defeat pathology and lumbar spine. The peculiarity of manifestation of this type of disease is that they depend on the stage of development of the pathological process:
- The first stage of development of sacral osteochondrosis is characterized by the appearance of painful sensations in the lumbar region and / or sacrum.
- In the next stage, the signs of the disease are amplified and their number increases. To the symptomatic picture is added numbness of the limbs, increased sweating, frequent pain attacks. The attack can be accompanied by an increase in body temperature, which causes excessive sweating. The onset of all these symptoms is associated with nerve transmission. Lower extremities often become numb and almost always cold. Pain in the sacral region can be given to the hip, leg or even to the heel, permeating the entire leg from the sacrum to the bottom.
- The third stage is characterized by impaired motor activity. At this stage, there is a high probability of intervertebral hernias.
- In the fourth stage, the spine deforms, the patient can not practically move independently. In this case, the patient is assigned a disability.
To avoid serious consequences, for general health it is necessary to consult a doctor if the first signs of any of the forms of osteochondrosis occur. The initial symptoms may be mild, they can be recognized only if you carefully listen to the signals of your body. Timely treatment allows you to avoid surgical intervention. Treatment in the early stages gives a pronounced effect and quickly restores health.
Symptoms, causes and treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis
According to WHO, osteochondrosis in the countries of Europe, America, Australia and Asia takes on the nature of a pandemic. The reasons for this large-scale spread of osteochondrosis in recent decades are: inactive way of life of the population, unfavorable ecological conditions, nutrition with genetically modified foods( GMO) and overweight.
Up to 85% of cases occur in the lumbar region. This is due to the peculiarities of its structure.5 powerful vertebrae form an arcuate deflection forward, connecting the inactive chest and motionless sacral section. Despite this, the amplitude of the movements here is great. In a calm state, the lumbar part of the spine experiences a load of 170 kg. When lifting a weight of 90 kg, it increases to a ton. This increases the wear of the disks. Other causes of lumbar osteochondrosis may be curvature of the spine and previous injuries and diseases.
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis
Symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis are divided into four large groups:
- Vertebral Syndrome.
- Radicular syndrome.
- Ischemic syndrome.
Pain in lumbar osteochondrosis( lumbalgia) has a different nature, origin, location and intensity. Aching constant pain in the lumbar region is the first sign of the disease. It increases with tilting, lifting of gravity, supercooling, prolonged exposure in one position and decreases in the lying position. The appearance of such pain is associated with the process of destruction of the intervertebral disc.
Pain can occur and suddenly, like a chamber( lumbago).Sharp, intense, giving to the sacral region, to the anterior abdominal wall and pelvic organs, it sharply increases with the slightest movement of the spine, coughing and sneezing. With pressure, the painful compaction of muscles is determined. The patient is forced to stay in bed. Provoke the appearance of this symptom of sudden movements, lifting of gravity or significant physical work performed on the eve( "symptom of the second day").This condition can last several days and weeks.
Radicular syndromePain in lumbar osteochondrosis can have a different character
When the disease progresses, the intervertebral disc becomes thinner. The vertebrae lose their stability, they become mobile. With sudden movements, lifting weights, they irritate and squeeze the nerve roots and blood vessels. Pain in the lower back decreases, but appear in the area of innervation of the squeezed nerve. One-sided, strong, drilling pain in the buttock, thigh, leg and foot causes the damaged root to be protected. The muscles tighten, the gait becomes gentle with the inclination to the healthy side.
Prolonged irritation of the nerve roots causes their inflammation, which is accompanied by venous stasis, swelling and intoxication. Pain in the muscles, joints, ligaments, arising after rest, sleep and passing after the warm-up are added. Often they are accompanied by vegetative reactions - increased sweating and a feeling of heat, which is replaced by chilliness.
Other features of lumbar osteochondrosis are characteristic for radicular syndrome. Disturbance of sensitivity in a certain segment in the form of numbness, tingling, "crawling crawling," not susceptibility to pain. The muscle tone decreases, weakness, atrophy, limbs become thinner. Patients can not go up and down the stairs, walk a long time.
In severe cases of lumbosacral osteochondrosis, the function of the pelvic organs is impaired. Urinary incontinence, gynecological diseases, frigidity in women, and potency disorders in men are frequent symptoms of osteochondrosis. When the spinal cord is compressed, paresis and paralysis are possible.
Ischemic syndromeWe also advise:
Treatment of dorsopathy of the lumbar region
A symptom of circulatory disturbance( ischemia) occurs when the vessels that are close to the nerve roots are being squeezed. The narrowing of the arteries is initially of an incoming character, and then a persistent spasm occurs. There are symptoms of "intermittent claudication" - pain in the legs when walking, forced to stop and pass after a short rest.
Prolonged spasm of vessels feeding the pelvic organs, cause pain in the "rider's zone" - in the buttocks, perineum and on the inner surface of the hips. Violated the function of the pelvic organs, their sensitivity, paralysis of the buttocks is possible.
Radicular, painful and ischemic syndromes of the osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine lead to changes in the skeleton. Because of the pain, weakness and atrophy of the muscles, the spine and pelvis warp, stoop appears. Strain other muscle groups, ligaments and tendons. Changing posture, developing a tense and uncertain walk. The entire musculoskeletal system is involved in the disease, and conditions for further destruction of the discs arise.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of lumbar spine
Treatment of osteochondrosis usually begins with the elimination of disease syndromes:
- the appointment of analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs;
- muscle relaxants, relieving spasm;
- dry heat and rest;
- in some cases helps only surgery.
These measures only remove the clinical manifestations of the disease. Treatment of the lumbar spine is aimed at eliminating degenerative dystrophic processes in intervertebral discs. This is achieved by unloading the spine and restoring metabolic processes.
The effective methods for the treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis are:
- the appointment of chondroprotectors;
- vitamin therapy;
- exercise therapy.
Currently, lumbar osteochondrosis has a reason for spreading. Malosymptomicity of the first stage of osteochondrosis leads to destructive complications leading to disability. Treatment of osteoporosis is complex, multi-stage and requires persistence and discipline of the patient.
Causes, symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis, how to treat ailment
Most people over 30 years old even felt pain in the lower back. By the age of 60, about 80% of the population complain of this symptom. The main and most common cause of these pains is the osteochondrosis of the lumbar region. The first signs of this disease can be diagnosed already in adolescents aged 15-19 years, and by the age of 30, pain in the back is already troubling one person out of a hundred. Among all cases of osteochondrosis, the lesion of the lumbar region occurs in almost 90% of cases.
Essence of osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of lumbar spine develops as a result of destruction of connective tissue of intervertebral discs, bodies of adjacent vertebrae, articular surfaces of intervertebral joints and ligaments. All this occurs due to metabolic disturbance under the influence of loads.
At the start of the disease, the decomposition of glycoproteins - complex substances that are a combination of proteins with polysaccharides - occurs. These substances determine the elasticity and elasticity of the connective tissue. Further, the process extends to the bony structures of the spine adjacent to the cartilage. Such processes are called degenerative-dystrophic.
The intervertebral disk suffers the first pathology development. It consists of a pulpous gel-like nucleus and a fibrous ring. With the development of osteochondrosis, the gel-like substance of the core dries out, losing its elastic cushioning properties. Then the fibrous ring is broken: cracks or tears are formed through which the core substance can go beyond it. The vertebrae begin to experience great mechanical stresses, which leads to increased formation of bone and fibrous tissues in places of increased stress on the spine and the appearance of bone growths - osteophytes.
Causes of the development of the disease in the lumbar department of the
The degenerative process is triggered in the spine under the influence of several factors. In various situations, usually one of them prevails, while others create favorable conditions for the progression of the disease. Therefore today, osteochondrosis of the lumbar region is considered a multifactorial disease.
The most significant reasons:
- Static load in unfavorable conditions: long retention of the working tool in one position, pressing something;long standing, when the spine experiences the greatest load due to gravitational forces( osteochondrosis first appeared in a person erect).
- Flat feet.
- Wearing heavy bags and cargo.
- Physical overload when doing sports or hard physical work. Injuries and microtrauma.
- Long stay in forced half-bent position, for example, during school, university, work in the office and at home at the computer, driving in the car. At this moment, the external pressure on the disk can be increased up to 20 times, as it turns out to be a compressed vertebra.
- Hereditary predisposition. Hereditary factors are of a different nature and can be associated with congenital disorders of the structure of the skeleton( contributing to an incorrect distribution of the load on the spine) or metabolic peculiarities( in which the synthesis of glycoproteins can be slowed or broken).
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is an irreversible process. Manifestations of the disease depend on the degree of development of pathology. There are four degrees:
- 1st degree - the period of change and movement of the gelatinous nucleus inside the disk.
- 2nd degree - the period of destruction of the fibrous disc ring.
- 3rd degree - the period of ruptures of the fibrous ring and the release of the substance of the gelatinous nucleus beyond its limits with the formation of herniated disc.
- 4-th degree - the period of the degenerative process on the vertebrae with the involvement of intervertebral joints and ligaments. There is development of arthrosis of the intervertebral joints( spondyloarthrosis).
Some authors distinguish three degrees, but in all cases their designation is conditional and is given to better understand the ongoing processes, their connection with the symptoms and the prognosis of the disease.
At the first degree of pathology, pain occurs due to irritation of nerve endings in the fibrous ring and longitudinal ligaments. The patient feels local discomfort in that part of the spine where the affected disc is located: acute pain or lumbago lumbago, dull pain of a permanent nature( lumbalgia).
Irritation of nerve endings leads to the development of reflex syndromes that characterize the 1st degree: impulses from irritated endings spread to the spinal cord and "transmit the problem" to other organs and tissues. It is for this reason that a person can experience pains far from the "problem" place: there may be a reflex spasm of muscles and blood vessels, a violation of blood supply in the limbs, ligaments, disruption of the internal organs. Violation of the blood supply and nutrition of ligaments and tendons leads to the appearance of painful changes and seals in places where they attach to bones( enthesopathies), which often become the main cause of suffering.
Other characteristic symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis at this stage are pain in the lumbosacral segment, giving up in the leg( lumboscialgia), or pain only in the leg( sciatica, it is much less common).
Spasm of large hip vessels can cause blood flow disorders and simulate lower limb arterial diseases, such as obliterating atherosclerosis. In rare cases, there may be bladder and urinary incontinence.
The 2nd degree is characterized by the appearance of instability and increased mobility of the vertebrae, which causes a prolonged and persistent muscle strain. The patient feels such symptoms as a constant fatigue of the muscles of the waist, discomfort, a feeling of "uncertainty in his back."
On the third degree, due to the prolapse of the disc fragments, the so-called radicular syndromes are observed, which are associated with the compression of the nerve roots with the fallen fragments.
Patients experience a sensitivity disorder in the innervation zone of the * compressed nerve. At first they feel an increased sensitivity in a certain area, burning, tingling, then numbness occurs, a complete loss of sensitivity may develop. Decreased sensitivity is accompanied by impaired motor function until the onset of paralysis, as well as thinning and decreasing muscle volume( atrophy).
* Innervation - the connection of organs and tissues with the central nervous system through nerves.
In the area where these changes develop, it is possible to judge the specific location of the lesion in the spine department. If the area of the upper part of the foot suffers( it is called the rear of the foot), there is weakness in the extension of the thumb, the process is associated with damage to the intervertebral disc between the 4th and 5th lumbar vertebrae. If such symptoms occur in the area of the heel and the outer edge of the foot, a weakness appears in the gastrocnemius muscle, the patient experiences difficulty in trying to walk on the heels - possibly a disc injury in the lumbosacral segment.
A characteristic sign of lesion of the lumbosacral department in the third degree is a symptom of Lasega. The doctor lifts a straight leg lying on the back of the patient, with severe pain in the lumbosacral segment spreading over the back of the foot. When bending the leg in the knee joint, the pain stops immediately.
When the fragments of intervertebral discs fall into the lumen of the spinal canal, there are signs of spinal cord injury.
There may be a "ponytail" syndrome, in which the bundle of spine nerves in the lumbar and sacral segments collapses. In this case, the sensitivity and motor functions of the legs, the functions of the pelvic organs( most often the bladder) are disturbed.
In the 4th degree, the intervertebral ligaments, joints are involved in the process, the fibrosis of the disc is developed - replacement of all its elements with a dense cicatricial connective tissue. This period can be characterized by the disappearance of the pain syndrome, the restoration of the supporting function of the spine, but simultaneously there is a significant limitation of the amplitude of movements in it. Different stages of the process can be observed in different affected discs, so the manifestations of the disease can be very diverse.
Modern methods of treatment
In the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, medicamentous, non-medicamentous and surgical methods are used. Since osteochondrosis of the spine is an irreversible process, the treatment is aimed at eliminating clinical syndromes and preventing the progression of the disease. Maximum forces should be applied for treatment with conservative methods.
In the first stage of therapy, the exclusion of provoking static and dynamic loads is of paramount importance, with severe exacerbation it is necessary to observe bed rest. Sometimes this measure helps more than medications.
Medications( painkillers and various derivatives of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are prescribed for the relief of pain and inflammation: ibuprofen, ketoprofen, lornoxicam, meloxicam, etorikoksib, celecoxib, nimesulide, etc. Medications can be in tablets or injections depending on the specific situation. When they are not effective, glucocorticoid hormones are used: dexamethasone, prednisolone, betamethasone, triamcinolone, etc. The doctor can do injections with these drugs directly to the location of the disease site. Obligatory in the treatment of osteochondrosis is the intake of vitamins of group B: B1, B6 and B12.
Sedation drugs( relanium, diazepam, zopiclone), anticonvulsants( topiramate, gabapentin, pregabalin, etc.) and antidepressants in tablets( amitriptyline, clomipramine, fluoxetine, trazodone, etc.) can be prescribed to eliminate reflexogenic and concomitant psychogenic disorders. With signs of radicular syndrome, diuretics are prescribed, and for paralysis - anticholinesterase drugs( galantamine, proserin, ipidacrin).
Currently, in the treatment of osteochondrosis, chondroprotectors( chondroxide, structum, rumalon, arteparone, etc.) are widely used. However, reviews about them are ambiguous, at the moment their effectiveness has not been reliably proven.
In an acute period for the removal of pain, novocaine blockades can be applied - the introduction of local anesthetic drugs directly into the affected area.
In the photo - ibuprofen from different manufacturers
How to treat an ailment after elimination of acute pains? It is necessary to begin therapy immediately with non-drug methods. Applied therapeutic gymnastics, massage, physiotherapy procedures, acupuncture. It is quite popular electrophoresis and phonophoresis with caripazime on the affected area of the spine. Caripazim is an enzyme preparation that promotes resorption of the discarded areas of the disc.
If the conservative methods are not effective, an operation can be performed.
Surgical treatment is performed in the following cases:
- If it is not possible to stop pain by other methods for 3-4 months. With very intense pain, surgical treatment can be performed after 2 weeks.
- "Ponytail" syndrome.
- Signs of acute compression of the roots of the spinal cord( weakness and numbness in the extremities).
Contraindications to surgery - some severe diseases, old age.
Today for the treatment of osteochondrosis high-tech methods of surgical intervention are used: microsurgical, percutaneous endoscopic. Thanks to new technologies, it was possible to significantly improve the prognosis, rehabilitation in the postoperative period and shorten the period of temporary incapacity for work.
What can the patient do at home?
At home, especially with chronic pain of a permanent nature, you can treat osteochondrosis, using dry heat, compresses, applicators Kuznetsova and Lyapko.
It is important to take care of rational physical activity, exclude postures in which the body is in a forced unnatural position, organize a comfortable place for work, sleep and rest.
Sufficient attention should be given to physical activity, gymnastics, to ensure maximum unloading of all parts of the spine. Often these measures can completely eliminate pain and help better the most modern tablets and injections.
Self-treatment of osteochondrosis prior to diagnosis is dangerous, as similar symptoms can be observed, for example, in tumorous processes, and improper procedures can aggravate the situation.
It is important to read: the symptoms of osteochondrosis.
Lumbar osteochondrosis: dangerous symptoms
The main weight and body burden is taken by the lumbar spine. The pressure on it increases several times when lifting loads, with sharp inclines and a long time in a tense position. Therefore it is not surprising that lumbar osteochondrosis tops the list of the most common diseases of the spine.
- Stages of development of lumbar osteochondrosis
In most cases, the disease develops in men and women older than 35-40 years, since the main cause of osteochondrosis is the natural aging of the body and, as a consequence, the deterioration of metabolic processes in the jelly core of the intervertebral disc. But, in connection with the fact that in the modern world the majority of young people spend a lot of time practically motionless( for example, sitting at a computer), the disease began to massively affect young people aged 25-30 years.
Signs of osteochondrosis are very typical, low back pain starts to appear already in the second stage of the disease. Therefore, an experienced specialist to diagnose a disease is usually not difficult.
Symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis can be pain symptoms and a feeling of discomfort in the lower back. Pain can spread to the hips, groin, buttocks and lower legs. There is a violation of sensitivity in the groin area, in the extremities, toes( this can be numbness, burning sensation, tingling).
Pain in the lumbar region is divided into several types. These are:
- acute paroxysmal pains;
- aching, non-intensive pain( usually occurs after a long seat or the morning after sleep);
- lumbago - very strong and sharp pains that occur as sudden lumbago.
All these painful symptoms appear as a result of the defeat of nerve endings, pressure on the nerve roots, ligaments, which often leads to inflammation and swelling of the tissues that are nearby. Boles in the lower back can become worse not only during movement, but also during sneezing and coughing.
Osteochondrosis in the lumbar region, in addition to pain, can cause a weakening of the trophism of the leg muscles, complete disappearance or decrease of the tendon reflexes of the legs. Also, in the presence of complications, disruption of the organs located in the pelvic region begins. That, in turn, can provoke incontinence of urine and feces, a decrease in sensitivity in the genitals, in the perineum( in men, lumbar osteochondrosis can cause impotence).
The first pain in lumbar osteochondrosis occurs after severe or prolonged physical exertion. Symptoms can appear not only right after the load, but also after a certain period of time. Often the development of lumbar osteochondrosis can be accompanied by lumbargia - aching pain with low intensity, the focus of which is in the lower back and gives to the limb. Also patients often complain of moderate pain in the leg, which is worsewhen walking, shaking while driving, with a long stay in a sedentary uniform posture, with intense coughing and sneezing.
Pathological processes in the spine, which develop during lumbar osteochondrosis, can cause a sufficiently strong and prolonged tension of the muscles of the waist, which is so intense that a person is unable to straighten or move at all. Even the slightest burden on the spine or supercooling of the back leads to strong and sudden pain in the back( lumbago).
So, let's summarize and systematize the main symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis:
- Severe or persistent pain in the lumbar region, of varying intensity - from minimal symptoms to painful pains( which even the strong analgesics can not completely eliminate).As a rule, the symptoms intensify after physical exertion.
- Aching prolonged back pain, sometimes giving to the limb.
- Pain in the limb, which increases with exercise.
- Constant and intense tension of the back muscles, their swelling and spasms.
- Stiffness in movements( impossible to move or move).
- Burning, loss of sensation, muscle atrophy in both or one limb.
- Trophic disorders on the lower limbs.
- Dysfunction of organs in the pelvic region, decreased sensitivity in the groin, lower legs, hips, lower limb fingers or in the entire foot.
Variety of complications
- Burning and very intense back pain, arising in the form of a sudden lumbago, in professional language is called lumbago.
- Constant pain, which increases with exercise, is called lumbargia.
- If the pain symptom from the affected lumbar region extends to the gluteal muscles and extends further down the leg, it is accompanied by numbness of the limb - this may be lumboishialgia, ischialgia or sciatica.
- During lumbar spine nerve root pressure, lumbar radiculitis develops in the lumbar spine.
- Also, with lumbar osteochondrosis, spondylolisthesis, protrusion and a herniated disc can develop.
To avoid the development of all listed pathologies, if you have the first, even moderate pain, be sure to seek professional help.
The main factor in the development of osteochondrosis is destructive and deformational changes in the structure of the spine. They occur because of a metabolic disorder in the intervertebral discs and connective tissue.
Accelerate the development of symptoms in the lumbar department may:
- inadequate physical activity( abrupt or persistent);
- spine trauma;
- wrong power supply.
The heredity also plays an important role in the development of osteochondrosis. Genetic factor increases the risk of osteochondrosis in the body by 60%. At the risk, as a rule, are office workers, students, drivers, builders, loaders, hairdressers, professional athletes, that is, people whose lifestyle provides for a constant load on the spine.
The pain that occurs with lumbar osteochondrosis is caused primarily by pressure or infringement of the nerve roots of the spinal cord. This occurs as a result of a gradual decrease in the height of the intervertebral disc, which leads to a narrowing of the space between adjacent vertebrae. Progression of pathological changes in the spine can also cause the disc to bulge without breaking its shell( protrusion) or its displacement as a result of rupture of the fibrous ring( herniated disc).These pathologies are always accompanied by spasms of the muscles located nearby.
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar region leads to the development of a number of other pathological processes in the spine. In particular, the disease can often cause spondylolisthesis - "uncommitted" vertebrae, their instability. Complications occur when adjacent vertebrae are not sufficiently fixed by ligaments and the intervertebral disc. Any load or pressure on the spine can lead to displacement of the vertebra. Thus, spondylolisthesis can cause an infringement of the nerve roots of the spinal cord. In women, this pathology can resemble the symptoms associated with violations in the genitourinary system. Men, in turn, may suffer from a violation of potency.
Stages of development of lumbar osteochondrosis
There are 4 stages of development of osteochondrosis in the lumbar department:
- At the first stage, the pathological processes in the spine are not yet pronounced brightly. Osteochondrosis begins to develop as a result of dehydration of the pulpous core( dehydration).The nucleus is a gelatinous substance that attracts and gives off fluid. Dehydration of the nucleus leads to a decrease in the height of the intervertebral disc, the first microcracks appear in the structure of the disc. The first microdamages begin to occur in the fibrous ring, which prevents the disc from moving.
- The second stage is characterized by the inconsistency of muscles and ligaments, the appearance of excess mobility of the affected vertebrae. This is due to the decrease in the volume of the intervertebral disc and the convergence of the joints of muscles and ligaments. At this stage, instability begins to appear in the segments of the spine, which leads to infringement of the nerve roots of the spinal cord.
- The third stage is characterized by the appearance of complex pathologies in intervertebral discs. There is a protrusion of the discs, which after a while may cause the appearance of an intervertebral hernia. In the intervertebral joints begin to develop arthrosis, which leads to a worsening of the entire spine.
- The fourth stage of development is characterized by more acute symptoms, pronounced deformation processes begin to develop in the affected areas of the spine. As a result of destructive lesions, regenerative processes in the body are activated in the bone tissue. But since it is already impossible to restore the old structure of the cartilaginous and bone tissue, bone outgrowths or osteophytes begin to appear on the periphery of adjacent vertebrae. Osteophytes contribute to an even more infringement and traumatization of nerve roots. At the fourth stage of development of lumbar osteochondrosis, the need for surgical intervention increases dramatically.
- Narine Pogosyan
It's been a while since I got cold with cold water. .. And with the slightest freezing or blowing my back - there is a sharp pain in a couple of days. .. I understand it's already chronic, because it's the 2nd year. . I wouldwanted to know who is treating this like? Is it possible to completely get rid of this ailment? Share, can anything you can help me. . I already namuchalas. ..
- Sofia Romanova
Well, you have so sharply tempered steel. .. Poor thing. .. Now dress warmly and take care! At me at the pain there are periodic in a loin - it is direct lumbago. .. I, at once as will take, I paste for 12 hours a plaster Versasitis, is on sale in drugstores. It is based on lidocaine and perfectly anesthetizes. And of course, more muscle strengthening: swimming, fitness, for a sedentary lifestyle and bad posture are the pitfalls that always provoke this pain. .. The fact that you have chilled is yes! But all taki most likely you already had preconditions to an osteochondrosis, and just hardening incorrect has struck on a weak place. .
- Kristina Rej
At my mum an osteochondrosis some years, therefore I know not by hearsay, what is it and with what it or him eat. Mamulyu is very sorry when she takes the lower back, she can not even sleep at night with such attacks. ..
- Yana Leikina
Christina, osteochondrosis is now, unfortunately, quite a frequent phenomenon. And if you immediately after the appearance of the first signs of it to the doctor does not apply, then later you will suffer from periodically arising pains. I know what I'm talking about, the lumbosacral osteochondrosis itself, at times even in the foot, "shoots through", almost to numbness. But I'm now trying to always keep an anesthetic patch for such "relapses", which was mentioned below, - Versatis. The main active substance there is lidocaine, which, penetrating into the skin, blocks the pain impulses, and you do not notice how the pain ceases to disturb - the plaster removes it quickly and permanently. Buy mom, I'm sure she will appreciate.
- Evgenia Berezovskaya
When frequent and acute pains - it is necessary to be examined first. Perhaps it is about the pain of the neuropathic. They are just very powerful in strength and exhausting with their frequency. In this case, it is better to apply a lidocaine patch( I bought Versatis in a pharmacy - very high quality) than drinking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pills or injections - in this case they are powerless( in case of neuropathic pains) and affect the stomach directly, namely "plant" it....
- I did not even know about this method. Evgenia, thanks for the useful information. I have periodic acute pains between the shoulder blades, I've already exhausted the tablets to drink, nothing really helped. And my stomach really started to ache from tablets. ..
Symptoms and signs of lumbar spine osteochondrosis
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis are very diverse, and the disease itself- osteochondrosis of the lumbar region is a common problem of people, regardless of their sex, because most people engage in either heavy physical labor or lead a sedentary lifestyle at the computer screen. The age of people with osteochondrosis is on the average 30-50 years, and this is not the limit but the average.
Many people have the problem of lumbar osteochondrosis, but for some reason or other they do not know about it, do not want to know about it, or simply do not attach much importance to it. And in vain. .. Let's all the same talk about the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region, because the omission of the initial stages of the pathological process, in the future can significantly worsen the quality of your life. And lead to such complications as protrusion of intervertebral discs, and even worse vertebral hernia.
Symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis: difficulty in extending the body
Back pain can be of a diverse nature - dull and aching, with a change in body position, driving, coughing, sneezing, amplifying with sharp and clunky movements, trying to lift weights. Also, pain in the lumbar spine appears when you are in the same position.
Of course, undoubtedly, the appearance of pain or its aggravation, provoke physical stress and a long enough stay in an uncomfortable position for you. Due to the fact that any movement can cause increased pain, the person is in a bent position and with difficulty unbends. This symptom is called a "locked back" symptom, and it is explained by the fact that the dorsal muscles are excessively strained.
Do you find it hard to brush your teeth, wash, vacuum, iron or wash? Think about whether or not you have an osteochondrosis of the lumbar region. .. A person who suffers from this problem notes that when in a horizontal position, the pain is not so pronounced and begins to decrease. In some cases, it is a relief to bring the forced position of the human body. For example, lying bent on a healthy side or on the back, squatting or standing on all fours.
I also want to note that in people with weakened muscles, without training, and mostly mental labor, with unusual physical exertion( transfer and lifting weights), can cause an exacerbation of the lumbar osteochondrosis only the next day, despite rest. This is called the "second day" phenomenon.
Symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis: back lumbago
Undoubtedly, the big troubles cause acute pain in the lumbar region of the spine, which has the form of a lumbago. Remember - such a pain occurs after an overload of the muscles of the back( with awkward movement or lifting of gravity).Predisposing factors to this symptom is the total hypothermia of the entire human body, or local cooling of the lumbar region. Therefore, you need to ensure that the back is warm, and not supercooled, especially important is those people who already have pain in the lower back.
Symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis include: numbness, a feeling of "crawling crawling," chilliness and tingling in the limbs.
In addition to the main symptoms, there are others. For example, the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region is a violation of perception of sensitivity in the pain zones, numbness in them. Pain zones are distinctive bands that capture the buttock area, and run along the entire thigh, shin, and in some cases occur in the foot. Also very often there is a feeling of tingling and "crawling crawling."
A person who suffers from osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, notes the chilliness of the limbs, local lowering of skin temperature on the foot, cramping of the stop arteries, and even the disappearance of their pulsations. Among other things, sweating is broken, the skin becomes dry, begins to peel off, and becomes bluish. This is explained by the dependence on the affected nerve root, which entails a disruption from the functioning of the autonomic nervous system.
In the presence of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region, the scoliosis of the lumbar region, the tension of the dorsal muscles of the lumbar region, as well as the soreness when pressing the processes of the vertebrae, which are affected, are observed. When pressing on the head or shoulders, the pain appears in the lumbar region of the affected spine.
To clarify the diagnosis, the symptoms of the lumbar osteochondrosis should also be checked by radiographing in two projections of the lumbar spine. For more accurate diagnosis - use computer and magnetic resonance imaging, MRI is finite paid, but still much better than radiography.
Since the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar region is complex and long-lasting, it is necessary to diagnose this disease at the early stages of development of pathological processes. Be attentive to your health and, in particular, to the appearance of the first signs of osteochondrosis, because it is in the spinal column that the reflex arcs from all internal organs that ensure the normal functioning of the human body close.
Take care of yourself, do your body's sanitation, better prevent it than start the disease and treat it in the hospital, and also morning gymnastics will not interfere with everything.