Fluid in the knee joint - treatment with folk remedies
The inner walls of the joint capsule lining the synovial membrane, which produces a special lubricating fluid. With inflammation and degenerative changes in the body, the functioning of the membrane deteriorates, and also effusion from the blood vessels occurs. As a result, fluid accumulates in the knee joint - treatment with folk remedies allows to remove the inflammatory process, normalize the production of synovial lubricant, and help to eliminate the transudate from the joint cavity.
Treatment of fluid accumulation in the knee by local folk remedies
The examined pathological condition in medicine is called synovitis. To alleviate his symptoms, folk healers recommend the use of an effective natural ointment.
- herb( dry or fresh) comfrey - 1 glass;
- Pork refined fat( smalets) - 200 g.
Preparation and use of
Grind, preferably in a blender, comfrey. Mix the herbal mass with the softened fat, so that the ointment has a uniform consistency. Put the ingredients in the refrigerator, insist for a week. Rub a small amount of medication into the knee joint 2 times a day.
Oral folk remedies in the presence of fluid in the knee joint
There is an excellent medication based on honey that quickly helps with synovitis.
- rye grains - 0.5 table;
- fruits of barberry - 2 tsp;
- honey - 0,5 l;
- vodka - 0,25 l;
- water - 1 liter.
Preparation and use of
Within 20 minutes boil grains of rye in water. Completely cool the broth and strain it. The remaining densities are combined with honey, ground barberry and vodka, mix well. Insist drug in a dark cold place for 3 weeks. Eat 3 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.
Also popular treatment of accumulated fluid in the knee joint involves cleansing the body of helminths and improving blood composition. To do this, it is recommended to buy alcoholic tincture of black walnut or cook it at home. Take the medicine should be 5 ml 3 times a day, 25 minutes before each meal.
Causes of fluid in the knee: treatmentThe knee joint is under a lot of stress, so it is with it that most often there are various problems: microtrauma, damage, bruises. Sometimes there are more severe injuries, causing pain and limiting the mobility of the joint.
Synovitis is one of the last. Fluid in the knee causes an inflammatory process, which can be completely cured only in a medical institution. With the timely adoption of measures, the mobility of the joint is fully restored.
Why fluid accumulates in the knee joint
The cause of fluid in the knee may be a trauma: a fracture of the joint bones, ligament damage, tearing or pinching of the meniscus. Usually, such a trauma is the result of unsuccessful jumps, shocks or falls. Symptoms appear several hours after the injury and require immediate medical attention.
What is the knee joint
Sometimes the cause of the appearance of fluid in the knee joint are congenital diseases, for example, hemophilia. Allergic reactions are also possible. In the hospital, a patient is assigned a survey, which allows to determine as precisely as possible the causes of the appearance of fluid under the knee, to understand the picture of the disease and to prescribe the correct treatment.
In case of injury or damage to the knee joint inflammation of the synovial membrane covering its cavity is possible. During the inflammatory process, a liquid( effusion) is formed, gradually its amount increases. There are also more serious consequences, if an infection occurs, the effusion in the knee joint is replaced by pus, the knee swells, changing the shape.
When walking, there is a sharp pain, the joint loses mobility, the temperature rises. This disease is called synovitis. Doctors distinguish the chronic or acute nature of the disease, it can be infectious or non-infectious.
Fluid in the knee joint: surgical and conservative treatment
Fluid accumulated as a result of joint trauma
Synovitis is treated in the hospital. A patient complaining of pain and accumulation of fluid in the knee joint carries out a series of tests necessary to establish an accurate diagnosis. Most often, a puncture is taken: with the help of a thin needle, a part of the fluid that is sent to the study is taken from the joint.
Causes of malaise will help to identify and x-ray of the damaged joint. Accurate diagnosis is necessary for proper treatment. To postpone the reference to the doctor it is impossible. Infected fluid in the knee joint is a common cause of sepsis and subsequent destruction of the joint. Correct diagnosis ensures complete cure and recovery of motor activity.
Once the diagnosis is made, the synovial fluid in the knee is removed using a thin needle. This procedure can take place without anesthesia. Then antibiotics that prevent festering are injected into the vacated cavity. After this, a pressure bandage is applied on the knee. Painful symptoms are removed with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets or suppositories.
The latter option is especially recommended for patients who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract. After removing the fluid, the patient is provided with complete rest to restore the function of the joint. The length of bed rest depends on the patient's condition.For the speedy recovery it is recommended to take vitamin-mineral complexes recommended by the doctor and stimulating food additives.
In case of severe knee injury with infection of the effusion, urgent surgical intervention of is necessary. In his process, the doctor opens the joint cavity, removing the accumulated fluid in the knee and foreign bodies. Synovectomy is performed under local anesthesia, after the operation the patient has a long recovery period. A complex of antibiotics is prescribed to suppress inflammatory processes, pain symptoms are removed with tablets, injections or suppositories. The joint is fixed with a dense bandage or knee joint for several days.
After the end of healing, the patient is prescribed restorative medical gymnastics. The development of the joint will help restore its mobility and will prevent the repeated formation of fluid under the knee.
The pain symptom can be removed with the help of anti-inflammatory gels and ointments applied to the joint. If there is a tendency to edema, it is recommended to apply a bandage of elastic bandage to the knee.
Water in the knee: treatment with folk methods
With chronic synovitis, treatment with folk remedies is possible. Before using them, it is better to consult your doctor. It should be noted that all household remedies only relieve the pain symptom and reduce inflammation, they can not contribute to the complete elimination of fluid in the knee joint. When the disease worsens, it is recommended to consult a doctor immediately for treatment in a hospital.
If the knee is swollen, a decoction from the collection of herbs will help: yarrow, echinacea, tansy, oregano, mistletoe, birch leaves and thyme. Chopped dried or fresh raw materials are poured with boiling water( 1 tablespoon of herb per glass), insist in a closed dish for 1 hour, filter and drink during the day. It is advisable to drink infusion between meals. The course of treatment is from 5 to 7 days. Infusion relieves pain symptoms, prevents accumulation of fluid under the knee and strengthens the immune system.
To heal wounds, remove swelling and inflammation, we recommend lotion from the infusion of comfrey.2 tbsp. Spoons of the crushed raw material are poured with a glass of boiling water, insist, cool. Then you need to moisten the linen or cotton cloth in the infusion, lightly squeeze it and wrap the affected joint. After that the compress is fixed with an elastic bandage. On the basis of the comfrey, you can prepare a medicinal ointment by mixing the crushed dry grass with the melted lard. Ointment should be infused in the refrigerator for 4-5 days. Then she rubs her knee twice a day, putting on an elastic bandage. Ointment relieves painful symptoms well, restores mobility to the patella.
Effective home remedy against the formation of fluid under the knee - oil infusion from laurel leaves. Pre-crushed dry leaves are poured with refined and deodorized vegetable oil( 1 glass of 2 tablespoons of raw material).Suitable olive, linseed or sunflower oil. The mixture should be infused in a dark cool place for a week, then it rubs the knee twice a day. To enhance the effect, it is recommended to wear woolen stockings or put a warm bandage on the knee, fixing it with an elastic bandage.
With liquid under the knee will help fight the honey-rye mixture. A handful of rye grains are poured into 1.5 cups of boiling water, insisted for an hour and filtered. The cooled infusion is mixed with 500 ml of liquid honey, 2 tbsp.spoons of crushed fresh or dried berries of barberry, and then poured 200 ml of vodka. The mixture should be infused in a dark cool place for 5-7 days. After that, it is taken three times a day before meals on 1-2 st.spoons.
The course is 1-2 weeks, then it is recommended to take a break. For those who suffer from allergies to beekeeping products, such a home remedy is contraindicated.
Prevention measures for
Everyone who has joint problems needs to be especially careful about the health condition, avoid injuries and completely eliminate the causes of accumulation of fluid in the knee. Physicians-orthopedists and rheumatologists recommend not to gain excess weight, to exclude from the menu fatty and high-calorie foods, making a choice in favor of fiber.It is worthwhile to avoid smoking, which adversely affects the tissues. In food should include more dishes containing natural gelling ingredients: chilli, jelly, jellied, marmalade. For preventive purposes, you can take drugs containing calcium, collagen and vitamin D.
Some experts find a link between chronic synovitis and helminthic invasion. To eliminate the causes of the formation of fluid under the knee, timely de-worming is necessary. You can use gentle medicines, from folk remedies effective tincture of black walnut.
If the formation of fluid under the knee is affected by hereditary diseases, it is necessary to exclude the causes of their exacerbation. Allergies are important to monitor the diet, suffering from joint pathology, you need to regularly do therapeutic exercises and massage. Useful Nordic walking, callanetics, swimming, cycling, classes on special simulators.
Treatment of fluid in the knee joint folk remedies
- 3 Ointment based on the interior fat
Causes of the appearance of fluid in the knee joint
Accumulation of fluid in the knee joint is most often a consequence of the trauma. It can be like an ordinary knee blow, and a fall from a height. No less frequent accumulation of fluid in the knee joint appears and with damage to the ligaments, a break in the meniscus, fracture of the joints and bones accompanied by hemorrhage.
Most often in the treatment of synovitis, experts recommend the use of folk remedies based on plant components. With their help, you can prepare healing sprays, ointments, compresses and tinctures.
From the comfrey, we prepare a regenerating ointment, tincture for extracts and infusion for internal use.
To prepare tincture based on comfrey, it will be necessary to crush half a glass of plant roots and pour 500 ml.of vodka. This drug should be infused in a dark dry place for two weeks, after which it must be filtered and taken for 1 tsp.2-3 times a day, washing with water.
Attention: in order to avoid gastritis, it is recommended that this remedy be consumed after or during a meal.
To a simpler treatment option include comfrey infusion. To make it, take a tablespoon of the crushed root of the plant and fill the raw material with a glass of boiling water. Then cover the container with a tight lid and let the therapeutic drink steep for 1 hour. Filter the prepared infusion and divide it into equal parts, taking each portion for 3 days.
Horseradish roots are used for the preparation of decoction of
For internal use, also a decoction of horseradish is excellent. To make it, grind a kilogram of the roots of the plant and fill them with 4 liters.water. After that, the capacity should be sent to the plate and allow the drug to boil, and then reduce the heat and boil for about 5 minutes. When the broth is slightly cool, add 500 grams of liquid honey to taste the drink and take a glass a day.
Rye corn and barberry root
Glass of rye seeds pour 2 l.water, send the container to the stove and bring the broth to a boil. When it cools down, it will be necessary to strain it and add 0.5 l.vodka, kilogram of honey and 30 g of ground barberry. Leave the mixture to stand for 21 days in a dark place, and when the specified time passes, strain and take it for 3 tbsp.l.three times a day.
Compress from beet pulp
Rubbed beetroot is used for compress and do not forget to drink beet juice
. Take medium-sized beets, peel it and peel it on a fine grater. The resulting gruel is placed on a sterile layer of gauze or linen fabric, folded into several layers. Then attach the prepared compress to the aching joint, wrap it on top with a plastic bag and secure with a woolen shawl. Perform this procedure preferably before going to bed, leaving a compress for the whole night.
Tip: Use the beet pulp immediately after shredding it. Otherwise, after lying down, it loses half its healing properties. In parallel with external treatment, do not forget about the intake of freshly squeezed beet juice.
Infusion and butter of laurel
From laurel leaves make tincture for sprouts, and also drink in small sips a decoction preventing the formation of
salts Known to many in cooking laurel leaves will become a real salvation from liquid in the knee joint. With their help, you can prepare laurel oil, for which you need to take 2-3 tablespoons.crushed laurel leaves and pour them a glass of natural vegetable oil, best of all sunflower, olive or linseed. Then send the container with the contents to infuse in a dark place for 7 days, and then use the filtered oil as a flour, rubbing it into the affected area several times a day.
In combination with external treatment, decoction from laurel leaves also works effectively. For its preparation prepare 20-30 leaves of a plant and fill them with two glasses of water. Send the contents of the container to a slow fire and cook the medicine until it boils, then leave it on the stove for another 5 minutes. The resulting broth pour into a thermos bottle and leave to infuse for 2-3 hours. At the end of the time, filter the completely finished product and drink it in small sips throughout the day. The general course of admission is 3 days. In addition to the fact that the broth of laurel leaves contributes to the recovery of joints, it also effectively helps to cope with the excretion of salts from the body. Therefore, it can be used not only as a basic, but also a preventive tool.
Ointment based on the interior fat
Intermediate fat is used as an ointment in combination with garlic and propolis
Another good recipe for getting rid of fluid in the knee joint is an ointment with the use of interior fat. It is best in this option to use a fatty mutton or pork fat from the kidneys and hearts. In order to get a cream base cream, it must be melt. For these purposes, it is best to use cauldron. While the fat is heated, chop the dried roots and leaves of the comfrey mentioned above in the mortar. To the resulting herb crumb, add crushed garlic and propolis, taken in equal proportions. When the fat is completely melted, pour it into any convenient container for you and mix with the previously prepared vegetable-bee mixture.
The main advice: all the ingredients must be added to the slightly cooled fat, so that the process of extracting the active substances and dissolving the propolis passed as quickly as possible. But the essential oil of laurel is recommended to be added to the cooled base so that all ethers do not evaporate.
Store the ointment in the refrigerator. Lubricate it at night with the affected joint until full recovery, and in order to achieve the maximum therapeutic effect, we recommend warming the knee with a handkerchief.
Approaching the treatment of fluid in the knee joint is best integrated. For the night, make beetroots and rubbing with natural ointments, so that the components penetrated deeply into the skin. And throughout the day, take medicinal infusions, decoctions and tinctures that will help you overcome inflammation and overcome synovitis from the inside.
Fluid in the knee joint: treatment, causes, symptoms
Role of fluid in the knee joint
A strong, impervious connective tissue synovium surrounds the bony joint and the tendon of the muscles in the knee. It serves to limit the mobility of the joint and to protect it from possible damage. With the help of epithelial cells of the inner layer of the shell, a special liquid is secreted inside the joint slit, which is a lubricant for the cartilaginous surfaces that contact during the movement of the legs and extinguishes external shocks.
Absence of fluid in the knee joint and its excess is considered a pathology, becausethis is a violation of the normal functioning of the articulation and causes a different intensity of pain syndrome.
Causes of fluid
The accumulation of fluid in the knee joint causes inflammation of the synovium, which is called "synovitis."The reasons for its development are different:
- Inflammation is aseptic. Characterized by the fact that as a result of laboratory studies of the liquid, it does not show pathogenic microorganisms and pus. It can appear after a knee injury. It can also manifest as a consequence of an acute viral infection in reactive arthritis or after supercooling. Or it may be a consequence of the accumulation of metabolic products in the joint bag of the knee( with gout - urea crystals).
- Inflammation is purulent. It is characterized by penetration into the joint of pathogenic microorganisms and their reproduction. Purulent arthritis is dysentery, tuberculosis, chlamydial, staphylococcal or gonorrheal. Often the cause of purulent inflammation are knee injuries of severe severity.
- Inflammation of the immune system. Characterized by the fact that the emergence of excess production of synovial fluid manifests itself in response to epithelial damage by pathological immune complexes( with rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis or severe allergic reaction).
Fluid accumulation in the knee joint
Symptoms of the disease
Clinical symptoms of fluid in the knee joint are as follows:
- significant increase in the size of the leg in the knee;
- limitation of motor function( fetching sensations when trying to completely bend the leg);
- tightly-elastic to the touch swelling around the knee;
- test of painful sensations when you move with your foot;
- redness of the skin or the appearance of a sensation of its hot.
fluid accumulation in the leg
Treatment in the acute period of the disease begins with the provision of a damaged extremity of maximum rest. At the same time, it is recommended to keep the leg in a semi-bent position, placing under it a soft cushion or a high cushion to relax the muscles.
The complex treatment of synovitis, which collects fluid in the knee joint, includes:
- The use of anesthetics inwards and externally in the form of gels or ointments( paracetamol, sabelnik, ketorol).
- Adoption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain and intensity of the pathological process.(ibuprofen, voltaren, indomethacin, naproxen, nimesulide).
- Use of steroid drugs in immunocomplex inflammation. They help to reduce the production of inflammatory fluid.
In the treatment of purulent arthritis, systemic and intra-articular antibiotic therapy is used. The choice of the drug is made depending on the types of pathogenic microorganisms and their sensitivity.
intraarticular antibacterial therapy
In the treatment of aseptic synovitis, dry heat is recommended, as well as compresses based on ichthyol, dimexide and herbal remedies( honey, cabbage leaf, lakonos).
In case of a trauma that provokes a collection of excess fluid in the knee joint, cool lotions are used.
In the treatment of purulent synovitis, ointments are applied, which contain antiseptic, antibacterial and resorptive components.
Pumping fluid from the knee joint is performed during the puncture of the joint, after which an antibiotic or steroid anti-inflammatory agent is injected into it. Fluid in the knee joint can not be ignored, because the disease can take a chronic form and lead to a violation of the motor function of the joint.
Fluid in the knee joint: treatment and symptoms
In the human body, the knee is considered to be the largest joint. During the walk on the knee, the whole mass of the body is affected. It is for this reason that lesions in the knee area are very common in traumatology. As a rule, all diseases of the knee joint are the result of all kinds of falls, injuries or a heavy load on the joint. One of them is liquid in the knee joint or synovitis.
Often the complication of a knee injury can occur as a fluid accumulation in the knee joint, if there is swelling of the joint, swelling of different degree and pain syndrome, it can be said with almost 100-percent certainty that a liquid has appeared in the knee. In such situations, treatment consists of creating the necessary conditions for the complete resting of the damaged joint with the help of fixation with a bandage or an overlay. When the synovial fluid accumulates in the knee joint, it is usually removed by the surgeon with a syringe. Local anesthesia is used.
Fluid in the knee joint is transparent, turbid or bloody. In addition, the degree of damage to the knee will determine the intensity of pain.
Often the accumulation of fluid in the knee joint is the result of injuries, falls or overloads.
Synovial fluid is abbreviated as synovia because it appears in the synovial membrane. For this reason, the scientific name for this disease is synovitis. The disease is quite dangerous, you need to start treatment immediately.
Symptoms and causes of the appearance of fluid in the knee joint
Since the knee joint is often subjected to various injuries, sometimes a liquid appears in the knee.
Reasons for this:
- Damage to ligaments;
- Various fractures of the joint bones( condyles of the thigh, patella).
Usually injuries are caused by a failed landing on your feet during jumping from a high altitude or knee strike. All this can also be attributed to the causes of the appearance of fluid in the knee.
In addition to injuries, the causes of fluid in the knee joint are sometimes referred to as: allergy, arthritis, hemophilia, infection.
Symptoms of fluid in the knee begin to appear not immediately, but only after a few hours or even a day from the time of injury. Any damage to the knee joint is accompanied by swelling, swelling, hemorrhage and severe pain. The first major symptom of fluid in the knee is a significant increase in the knee.
Appearance fluid deforms the joint, which significantly impedes the movement of the foot, and is accompanied by pain. This is the second main symptom. In this case, the pain, as a rule, is dull.
Typically, the symptoms of fluid in the knee after an injury are:
- an increase in pain syndrome;
- temperature increase;
- increased fluid in the knee joint.
But the chronic synovitis is characterized by less severe pain. In other words, the joint is filled with fluid gradually. That is why in the long-term course of the disease, deforming arthrosis may appear.
In addition, there is still a reactive synovitis of the knee joint, which is considered to be an allergic kind of this disease and is caused by mechanical or toxic effects and often acts as a manifestation of an allergic reaction.
Fluid in the knee joint: treatment
The main treatment of fluid in the knee joint is the removal of this fluid from the damaged joint. The procedure is performed in the operating room, usually without anesthesia. The doctor carefully inserts a thin special needle into the cavity of the affected joint, in which fluid is accumulated and sucked off with a syringe. When the procedure is carried out, antibiotics are administered to the released cavity, regardless of whether there is a suspicion of infection. After performing the operation to remove fluid, the patient is placed in the ward to ensure complete resting of the joint, this is done with a pressure bandage or knee.
Further treatment for the development of fluid in the knee joint is the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, of which the most effective in our opinion are Voltaren and Diclofenac.
In addition, during the treatment of fluid in the knee joint, doctors eliminate not only inflammation, but also the main cause of its appearance. Only a narrow specialist specialist can diagnose an accurate diagnosis: an orthopedist or a rheumatologist, because if you do not find the root cause of inflammation, the fluid will appear again soon, and treatment will have to be performed first.
Folk remedies for fluid in the knee joint
For the treatment of fluid in the knee, you can also use some folk remedies.
- Ointment made from comfrey grass .It is necessary to mix a glass of grass( shredded) with 200 gr.of lard. This composition should be placed in the refrigerator for 5 days, and then you can use the obtained ointment, rubbing it into the knee joint twice a day. In this case, it is necessary to fix the knee with an elastic bandage.
- Rye broth .Liters of water should be boiled, pouring into it the grain of rye( half a glass) for 20 minutes. Then the broth cool down, filtered, it adds 2 tsp.barberry, 0.5 kg of honey and 200 grams.of vodka. This compound is thoroughly mixed and put in a closet for 3 weeks. It should take 2 tables.l.before meals three times a day.
- Oil from a laurel .Need to pour 2 table.spoons of dried bay leaves with a glass of vegetable oil and give a week to brew. The ready-made infusion is used to rub into the joint of the knee thrice a day.
Fluid in the knee joint: causes and treatment folk remedies, conservative and operational
The medical institution is assigned a deep examination, helping to determine the cause of the disease in each specific case and to choose the appropriate treatment.
Symptoms of the disease
When synovitis the joint is very sore, loses mobility, the temperature can rise. Allocate a chronic and acute nature of the disease. It is non-infectious or infectious. At the latter severe consequences are observed: the liquid is transformed into pus, the knee changes shape, swells.
Symptoms of fluid accumulation in the knee joint are:
- Joint pain .It can be so strong that a person can not lean on his leg.
- Puffiness of the .Fabrics around the knee swell. This is especially evident when comparing a healthy leg with a patient.
- Stiffness of the .A person does not fully own a foot, can not fully straighten his leg.
- Appears feeling of heat or heat .
Fluid in the knee. What should I do first?
If several of these symptoms occur, urgently needs to seek medical help from .The patient is assigned several tests that will help to make an accurate diagnosis.
The most common method of diagnosis is puncture. Using a thin needle, a part of the synovial fluid is removed from the joint and sent to the study. Also, the cause of the complaint will help to identify the x-ray of the knee joint.
You can not hesitate to go to the hospital. Accurate diagnosis is the key to proper and effective treatment. And such treatment is a guarantee that the disease will not go into chronic form. If the cause of the accumulation of fluid is an infection, and it does not begin to be treated in time, it can contribute to the onset of sepsis and even the gradual destruction of the joint. The correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment will help to get rid of the problem completely and restore the mobility of the joint.
Conservative and surgical methods of treatment
After diagnosis, fluid in the joint is removed with the needle. The procedure usually goes without anesthesia. Further in the formed cavity enter antibiotics. They will prevent suppuration. The knee is fixed with a pressure bandage for several days. Pain is removed with the help of anti-inflammatory drugs: tablets or suppositories. What should the patient do next?
- After such treatment it is necessary to avoid any loads on the joint.
- Bed rest will contribute to the complete restoration of the functions and mobility of the joint.
- The duration of such complete rest depends on the patient's condition.
- For faster recovery, it is recommended to take a prescribed by the doctor complex of vitamins and minerals, food additives.
For severe joint damage and synovial fluid infection, surgical treatment with is recommended. It is carried out only by a qualified specialist. During the operation, the knee joint is opened, excess fluid, pus, foreign bodies is removed from it. Intervention is performed under anesthesia.
- After the operation, a recovery period is required.
- The doctor prescribes antibiotics to prevent inflammation.
- Pain is removed with the help of tablets, suppositories, injections.
- A joint bandage or knee joint is applied to the joint for several days.
After the final healing is prescribed restoring gymnastics. It will help to develop the joint, restore mobility and prevent the repeated formation of fluid. To reduce pain, anti-inflammatory ointments and gels can be applied to the joint. If there is swelling, the knee bandage will help out of the elastic bandage.
Fluid in the knee joint: treatment with folk remedies
If the disease goes to chronic form, can help with fluid in the knee joint treatment with folk remedies. Before using them, consult a doctor. Treatment at home only reduces inflammation and relieves pain. Completely get rid of the accumulation of synovial fluid in the knee, it does not help. If the disease worsens, it is important to immediately go to the hospital.
When a joint is swollen, the folk recipe of a decoction of such herbs is useful: tansy, oregano, yarrow, echinacea, thyme, mistletoe, birch leaves. Dried or fresh grass chop, pour boiling water( 1 tablespoon of raw materials per glass of water).Give the brew for an hour, filter and drink throughout the day. It is better to take an infusion between meals. Course - five to seven days. The medicine relieves pain, strengthens the immune system, prevents the accumulation of fluid in the joint.
If the knee is inflamed or there is swelling, lotions can be helped with the use of infested comfrey. To make it, you need to pour a glass of boiled water with ten grams of ground roots. Let it brew, cool, filter. Moisten with natural tissue( cotton or linen), squeeze it slightly and apply to the inflamed joint. Fix with a flexible bandage. You can also prepare an effective ointment. It will take: the roots of the comfrey, its dry leaves, pork fat( proportions - 5: 1: 2).Roots and leaves chop, pour hot fat and leave to languish for three hours. Strain, store in the refrigerator. Rub a sick knee twice a day. Above is an elastic bandage. Ointment copes well with pain, restores the joint mobility.
Another effective remedy for accumulating water in the knee joint is an infusion of bay leaves in oil. To make it, you need a refined and deodorized vegetable oil. Suitable olive, sunflower or linseed. Shredded dry laurel leaves are poured with oil at the rate of two tablespoons of raw materials per glass of oil. Insist week in a cool dark place. Rub the knee twice a day. Top with wool stocking or warm bandage, fix with elastic bandage.
In the fight against the formation of liquid rye tincture with honey and berries of barberry will help.1,5 cups of boiling water to brew a handful of rye grains, an hour to insist, drain. Cooled infusion mix with a half-liter of liquid honey, add two tablespoons of ground berries barberry. The resulting mixture pour a glass of vodka. Insist week in cool and dark. Take before meals three times a day for 1-2 tbsp.spoons for one to two weeks. Then - a break. If the patient is allergic to bee products, it is best not to use this tincture.
Now you know the causes of fluid in the knee joint and treatment in many ways this problem. It is important to be very careful about your health, to know and eliminate factors, to provoke this disease. It is important to avoid situations in which injuries can occur. Doctors advise to get rid of excess weight, monitor food. Try less to eat fatty and high-calorie meals, focus on products containing fiber.
- It is important to get rid of bad habits, especially smoking, as it negatively affects the tissues.
- The diet should include dishes containing natural gelling substances: jelly, marmalade, jellied, cold.
- For prevention is advised to take calcium preparations, vitamin D.
- There is an opinion that chronic fluid accumulation is associated with the presence of helminths. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly carry out the prevention of parasites: medical preparations or folk remedies.
- For chronic joint diseases it is important to visit the doctor regularly, follow all his recommendations. If necessary, deal with a physiotherapist.
- It is necessary to strengthen the muscles. This will help prescribed by the doctor a set of exercises, therapeutic exercises, massage, cycling, swimming, Nordic walking, classes on specially equipped simulators.
- If the cause of accumulation of fluid in the knee are diseases transmitted by inheritance, it is important to try to exclude the reasons for which they are exacerbated.
And the last. You need to protect yourself and your joints. Avoid overwork, heavy loads, especially on your knees.
Fluid accumulation in the knee joint after trauma: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment methods
The largest and most complex in the human body is the knee joint. It is formed by the femoral and tibia, and the front is covered with a patella. Bones and patella for prostration are lined with cartilage. Outside, there is a capsule, the inner layer of which is called synovium( synovial membrane).All rubbing surfaces are lubricated with a special synovial fluid, which also nourishes the cartilage. Reducing friction and facilitating slipping is facilitated by special formations - bursa( synovial bags).
Why does fluid accumulate in the knee joint?
Fluid accumulation is a symptom of any pathology of the knee, indicating an inflammatory process or a hemorrhage within it. There can be many reasons for this. Any arthritis, bursitis, arthrosis is accompanied by accumulation of synovium inside the joint. Against the background of these or some other pathologies, there is a synovitis - an inflammatory process in the synovial membrane. This inflammation is characterized by excessive production of effusion( articular fluid) in the knee cavity. Synovitis is very rare.
Most often, the main causes of synovia accumulation are injuries. But this can also lead to hemorrhage in hemophilia, metabolic disorders( gout) or allergic reactions. Synovitis may also develop as a reaction to synovial irritation. When there is any formation inside( a torn meniscus, a piece of cartilage) or from the "looseness" of the ligamentous apparatus of the knee.
Risk factors are age after age 55, intensive physical activity( sport), overweight.
Diagnosis and symptoms of
The main symptoms of fluid in the knee joint are:
- pain and swelling in the knee;
- dysfunction of the limb;
- instability of ligamentous apparatus.
If an infection is attached and the process becomes purulent, symptoms of intoxication appear: chills, headache, weakness, high fever.
It is not difficult to diagnose synovitis, it is much more difficult to establish the true cause of the pathology that has arisen. The diagnosis is established on the basis of:
- clinical manifestations( deformation, fluctuation, edema, pain);
- laboratory blood tests, which allows you to identify signs of infection, disruption of clotting and metabolism;
- X-ray, ultrasound and MRI, which can determine the type of injury, arthritis, etc.;
- arthroscopy, which allows you to consider the internal condition of the joint, and carrying out arthrotcentesis( pumping fluid from the knee joint and then analyzing it);
- data from the synovial fluid study.
The study of exudate is necessary to determine the increased protein concentration, which is a diagnostic sign of synovitis( in norm 3-7,8 g, in the acute period, the excess is 2 times).The protein enters the joint bag due to increased permeability of the vascular membranes. Violation of metabolic processes increases the viscosity of the synovial fluid( decreases the concentration of hyaluronic acid) and reduces the possibility of restoring cartilage. In the case of a prolonged course of synovitis, the process can reach the destruction of cartilaginous structures and the development of complications in the form of arthrosis and joint stiffness.
Polyarthritis is a disease that is accompanied by inflammation of several joints at once, and which requires a serious and complex treatment.
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Knee joint puncture and other therapies
The treatment of fluid in the knee joint after trauma can be therapeutic and surgical. The following drugs are used in therapy:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NPVS)( Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Keto-profen, etc.);
- antibiotics for infectious inflammation( Doxycycline, Lincomycin, Ceftriaak-son);
- glucocorticosteroids( SCS) with anti-inflammatory action( "Prednisolone", "Dexamethasone", "Triamcinolone").Due to serious side effects, only a doctor can prescribe them.
Surgical treatment uses the most gentle procedures:
- arthrocentesis or puncture relieves pain and swelling. In this case, a needle is injected into the cavity of the knee, the liquid is removed, if necessary( with hemarthrosis) is washed, introducing 2% Novocaine, sometimes Hydrocortisone or Ketanol.
- arthroscopy - through miniature incisions on the skin in the joint, enter the camera and work with surgical instruments, removing the lesions.
- synovectomy - opening of the cavity of the knee joint, removal of foreign bodies and excision of the synovial membrane. It is shown in chronic chronic synovitis and irreversible damage to synovia( sclerosis, petricides, etc.).
Such a serious operation as endoprosthetics( joint replacement) is used in case of significant "wear" and when there is no possibility of restoration by other methods. The prosthesis works for about 15 years, and then requires replacement.
To primary activities after trauma, it is possible to attribute an early puncture for removal of synovia and immobilization of the leg. In this case, apply a pressure bandage, and in some cases, the tire for 5-7 days. Also 1-2 days apply cold compresses. Further medication and restorative treatment are mandatory. It should be remembered that complete immobility of the limb can lead to a violation of its function. Therefore, the non-loading movements of the injured leg should be started as early as possible, even in the acute period.
With 3-4 days of treatment, physiotherapy is shown: UHF, magnetotherapy, microwave, phonophoresis of corticosteroids, LED therapy, electrophoresis "Heparin", "Kontrikala", "Lazolina", etc. Immediately after surgery or trauma, "Heparin" is contraindicated because of the possibilitythe appearance of bleeding.Feel the stiffness and pain in the knee after a long walk? These are symptoms of gonarthrosis of the knee joint.
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Treatment of fluid in the knee joint folk remedies
Folk remedies can be used only with minor swelling that occurs with a minor injury. In this case it is necessary:
- to unload the knee, and to ensure complete rest;
- attach ice to the sick knee for 15-20 minutes, wrapped in a towel. The leg, at the same time, periodically lift above the waist. Repeating( 2-4 times) 1 time per hour. Then apply a pressure bandage;
- can take painkillers that are sold without a prescription( Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, etc.).
To remove the edema is effective ointment, prepared by the "grandmother" recipe: a glass of ground grass comfrey mixed with sliced 200 grams of fat and aged for 5 days in the cold. The knee is lubricated 2 times a day.
Another recipe for oil on laurel leaves is known: 2 tablespoons of a leaf are insisted on a glass of vegetable oil a week. Rub into the joint 3 times a day.
Also effective is the reception of rye broth: half a cup of rye grains boil in 1 liter of water, strain, add 500 g of honey, 2 teaspoons of barberry and 200 ml of vodka. Infuse 3 weeks. Take 3 tablespoons before meals.
Do not overdo it with folk remedies! Long-term pain, non-vanishing edema and impaired limb function should lead you to a specialist as soon as possible. Take care of your knees!