Diet for gout
Diet for gout is perhaps one of the main measures aimed at the speedy removal of pain and normalization of metabolism in the body.
Gout is a systemic disease that results in impaired uric acid metabolism. Gout often recurs, against the background of well-being, there may be an exacerbation. Salts of sodium urate accumulate in the ligamentous apparatus, articular joints, cartilaginous membranes, etc. Most often gout is observed in those people who do not control food intake, often uses meat, spicy foods, alcohol. To aggravate the predisposition to the disease can be a fixed rhythm of life, emotional shock, chronic stress. An hereditary factor of transmission of the disease also takes place, especially if the lifestyle described above is adopted in the family. Gout begins acutely, most often at night. First, the pain is localized in the large joint of the toes, in the foot, elbows and knees. Pain can last a day, then wane, leaving a feeling of lack of mobility and friction in the joint. Seizures can be repeated, spreading to other joints, the affected articular articulation, markedly redness. To alleviate the condition, a diet is prescribed, based on reducing the amount of protein consumed to 0.8-1 grams per kg.body weight, which will stop the production of uric acid by the body.
Diet for gout on the legs
Gout is a fairly common pathology of articular joints, the cause of gout lies in the violation of normal metabolism in the body, and specifically when the urine sodium( its salt residue) accumulates in joint bags and ligaments.
Diet for gout on the legs requires the patient to keep certain limits of the products allowed in use is only moderately and not to starve, fasting produces more uric acid, and this provokes peaks of pain. Overeating increases the burden on the urinary system, and this also leads to excessive accumulation of uric acid. Patients with gout are contraindicated for eating meat, fish, broths in meat and fish, animal fats, all smoked, by-products, caviar. Also you will have to refrain from using beans, spices. In addition, the diet with gout on the legs implies a complete refusal to drink alcoholic beverages - beer, wine and other. The patient is contraindicated: chocolate, strong tea, coffee, cocoa, cakes with creams, raspberries, figs, grapes, spicy and salty cheeses.
Diet for gout on hands
Diet for gout on the hands means stabilization of the percentage of urea in the body, as well as metabolism in general, by excluding from the daily diet of food containing many urine bases. At the same time it is allowed to consume milk, eggs, fruits, vegetables, cheese, it is established that in them the percentage of purines is very low, besides they have high energy value and perfectly satisfy hunger.
With gout, uric acid is most often deposited in articular hand bags, causing inflammation and severe pain. At the peak of the aggravation of the patient's illness, concern is the limited and painful movements. The first thing that can help at such a moment is a strict diet with the exception of certain foods.
Almost all types of meat are not recommended for consumption, broths except broths on vegetables, sauce dressings, jellied, smoked, packaged soups, fish eggs, fish, canned goods, saturated tea, coffee, cocoa, legumes, extended shelf life products, spicy herbs,cakes with cream, chocolate, alcohol, figs, grapes, raspberries.
Limit daily consumption of boiled poultry and fish, tomatoes( no more than 3 per day), color cabbage, sorrel, bell pepper, celery, rhubarb and asparagus. Also, you should limit the amount of green onions and parsley, butter, milk.
In the menu for each day you can include such products: squid, shrimp, chicken eggs, vegetarian soups, low-fat cottage cheese, cheese, sour cream, various cereals, bread, pasta, nuts, seeds, cabbage, various vegetables, honey, marmalade, marshmallows, apples, citrus, melons, avocados. Kvass, juices, compotes, various vegetable oil.
With strict adherence to dietary nutrition and correct medication, painful spasms in the movement in the hands will decrease, and the usual movements will not cause unbearable pain.
Diet 6 for gout
Diet 6 for gout is also indicated for the treatment of diseases of the urinary system, diathesis with high uric acid, oxaluria, cystinuria. Nutrition is aimed at normalizing the production of uric acid, restoring the normal environment of urine( from acidic to alkaline).
The use of dietary nutrition in reducing the intake of foods rich in purines, oxalic acid and the predominance of food in the daily menu, which can normalize the metabolism. Special preparation of the products is not necessary, the cooking process is simple enough, but meat and fish products need to be boiled in order to withdraw some of the purines from the products into broth broth. Further, based on the boiled products, you can prepare a variety of second dishes, but remember that meat can be consumed no more than 2-3 times a week for 150 grams, fish can be eaten more often, but portions of not more than 170 grams.
You need to eat a meal, 4-6 times a day, not forgetting to drink while drinking enough liquid. Once in seven-ten days you can arrange days of unloading, eating cottage cheese or fruit, you can also kefir. On such days the patient needs to drink at least 2.5 liters of fluid. Fasting is unacceptable, as it can cause complication of the disease.
Menu diet 6 for gout should comply with the norms: daily protein ratio 80-90 g, fat daily ratio 80-90 g, carbohydrate daily coefficient 400 g;the number of calories per day 2600-2900 kcal;retinol 0.5 mg, thiamine 1.5 mg, ascorbic acid 150 mg;sodium 4 g, potassium 3.5 g, calcium 0.75 g, etc.
You can eat a little lean fish, dairy products, cereals, eggs, vegetables, fruits, alkaline mineral water, weak tea.
Diet 8 for gout
Diet 8 for gout is prescribed if the patient has obesity of any degree. Obesity, as a consequence of overeating, creates an additional burden on all body systems and aggravates any current disease. The essence of the diet is to eliminate excess fat in the tissues. Caloric content of the diet is maintained due to a greater percentage of proteins and a decrease in the percentage of fats and virtually eliminating carbohydrates( 120-130 g of proteins, 80 g of fat, 120 g of carbohydrates, calories - up to 2000).
Menu table № 8 allows you to use: a little rye, wheat bread with bran, soups on vegetables, 2-3 times a week you can eat a little lean beef, dishes based on chicken, fish - hake, cod. Fish and meat are served stewed, boiled and baked. Cereals and pasta are limited. Sour milk products - kefir, low-fat cottage cheese. Eggs can be eaten no more than 1-2 per day. Berries and fruits can be eaten fresh and as compotes, juices. Showed tea, weak coffee, juices from fruits, vegetables. Completely excluded from the menu: baked pastry, pasta, various sweets, rice and semolina, sweet fruit, grapes, any fatty or spicy food is also contraindicated.
Diet menu for gout
The diet menu for gout excludes foods rich in purine. Only limiting the production of uric acid can alleviate pain. The diet should be taken seriously enough, the food is divided into fractions - 4 times a day, it is absolutely unacceptable to starve - this stimulates the production of uric acid. It is important to note that dietary nutrition is important, as is treatment with medicines. Variations in dietary nutrition are many, but many patients make an exemplary menu themselves, based on the differences of a particular organism and taking as a basis the products allowed for consumption. Diet № 6 with gout is the most effective complex for diet therapy for gout, but some nuances of nutrition still better clarified by the treating doctor to avoid possible complications. So, consider an approximate diet for one day with a gout:
- 1st breakfast: vegetable salad, fruit pie with millet, boiled egg.
- 2 nd breakfast: broth of wild rose, you can brew a berry broth.
- Lunch: noodles on milk, jelly.
- Snack: fresh fruit.
- Dinner: syrniki, vegetable cabbage rolls, not strong tea.
The resulted menu approximately, as a dish for a dinner it is possible to prepare a vegetable stew or other hot dish. The nature of the dishes can vary, but one rule should be unchanged - a larger percentage of food should be served in a liquid form.
Diet for a week with gout
The diet for a week with gout can be quite varied and tasty, most importantly - do not go beyond and prepare meals only from the allowed products. Special cooking skills are not required, preparing special dishes for gout patients is easy, and they are in many respects similar to the food of vegetarians.
A strict diet for a week with gout is prescribed in the acute period of the disease, in addition, the patient is prescribed a strict bed rest, medicinal treatment prescribed by a doctor. The food should be mostly liquid, it is unacceptably fasting, it is also important to drink about two liters of liquid per day. Example of dietary nutrition for two days with gout:
- Before meals: a glass of rose hip broth.
- 1 breakfast: tea with milk, cabbage salad.
- 2 breakfast: vegetable juice.
- Lunch: borscht on vegetable broth, a piece of boiled meat with white sauce( no more than 100 gr.)
- Snack: a glass of rosehip broth.
- Dinner: buckwheat with milk, vegetable cabbage rolls.
- Before going to bed: fruit juice.
The second day:
- Before meals: a glass of rose hip broth.
- 1 breakfast: tea with milk, beet salad, seasoned with butter or sour cream.
- 2 breakfast: vegetable juice.
- Lunch: vegetable soup with pearl barley, cabbage schnitzel.
- Snack: fruit juice.
- Dinner: carrot chops, kissel.
- Before going to bed: watermelon or a glass of curdled milk.
The list of dishes can be combined, do not forget that the effect of diet therapy can be achieved and fixed for a long time only if it is fully observed.
Recipes for gout
Recipes for gout are not complex and do not require special preparation or a specific set of products. Vegetable slicks, salads:
- Salad from cucumbers and lettuce leaves. Vegetables finely chop, salt, you can fill with sour cream or low-fat cream.
- Vinaigrette. Cut the boiled potatoes, carrots, beets into cubes, add chopped cucumbers, apples, lettuce leaves. Mix all ingredients, add salt and season with sunflower oil. Carrot salad with green peas. Carrots grind with a grater, add greens and canned peas, season with low-fat sour cream.
- Potato soup. First, the potatoes are cooked until ready, then it is wiped through a sieve and diluted with a decoction to the desired state. Then add white sauce, butter and egg. All together boiled for a few minutes, after which it is served to the table with greens and sour cream. Milk Vermicelli Soup. First, the vermicelli is cooked in water for about 5 minutes, then boiled milk is added and the soup is cooked until the vermicelli is ready. At the end of the cooking, add butter and sugar.
Garnish, desserts and sauces:
- Oatmeal with milk. Boil the milk, add the oatmeal, salt and sugar to taste, cook until cooked. At the end of the cooking, add a little butter.
- Omelette. Rub in a small amount of milk flour, then add the beaten eggs, the remnants of milk, once again shake everything and put in a frying pan in the oven at an average temperature.
- Cheesecake. Mix cottage cheese with semolina, egg to a thick consistency, then form the syrup and roll in flour. Fry in oil and serve warm for tea.
- White sauce. Dry the flour in a frying pan to a cream shade, combine with butter, stirring constantly. Add the hot broth to the mixture and boil for 10 minutes.
Diet for exacerbation of gout
The diet for exacerbation of gout is prescribed at the first manifestation of the disease. The aggravation most often begins at night, like an attack of acute arthritis of the first metatarsal-phalanal joint. Symptoms:
- Rapid development of clinical symptoms, reaches a maximum in 2-6 hours.
- Strong painful sensations in the affected joint bag.
- Swelling and redness of the affected joint.
- The disappearance of all manifestations of the disease in 5-14 days with the restoration of motor activity.
The main principle of treatment during the period of exacerbation is to prevent the progression of the disease, with the formation of a correct lifestyle of the patient.
- Restricting the consumption of meat, broths, poultry, fish, offal, seafood, beans).In the diet should be a lot of carbohydrates and milk proteins. The liquid is consumed up to 2-3 liters per day.
- Refusal of alcoholic beverages.
- Change of treatment regimen if diuretics are prescribed.
The diet for exacerbation of gout is prescribed for 10-14 days. The emphasis on the menu is on the use of liquid food - sour-milk products, kissels, compotes, juices, weak tea, soups from vegetables. It is useful to drink alkaline mineral water.
During the exacerbation of digestive disorders, it is important to maintain a sparing diet. When the disease goes on a decline, you can eat a small amount of meat and fish( not more often 1-2 times a week and 100-150 gr.).You can use dairy products, vegetables, eggs, cereals, fruits.
The antipuric diet is a menu with products in which the uric acid content is almost minimal. Assign her with gout, as well as those who have urate nephrolithiasis, hyperuricemia, hyperuricosuria.
Completely prohibited the use of:
- Honey, coffee, chocolate, grapes and its products, broths( except vegetable), smoked products, offal, legumes, cakes, cream cakes, whole milk, sorrel, turnip, radish, fish, pork, cauliflower,alcohol.
Restrict intake for food:
- Whole boiled-smoked, coffee, tomato, greens, plums, fat, butter.
It is recommended to eat:
- Potatoes, cereals, chicken, rabbit, carrots, beets, cucumbers, pumpkin, sour cream, cottage cheese, kefir, watermelons, lemons, white cabbage, onion, garlic, white bread, eggs, green tea, dill, sausages,boiled sausage, vegetable oil.
An antipuric diet is prescribed for a period of 10-14 days, until the patient's condition improves. Further, depending on the state of health, little by little, more foods are introduced into the diet, but according to the main provisions of the diet. A sharp change in the diet can trigger another aggravation and in this case you will have to start treatment first.
Diet for gout and arthritis
The diet for gout and arthritis, or, as they say, "aristocrat disease" is reduced to one - restriction of food intake, rich in uric acid. The disease is unpleasant, mainly due to severe pain in the joints, but easily amenable to treatment, and first of all, thanks to a diet.
Even with the most expensive foreign medicines without a diet, recovery will not come. With proper dietary nutrition, the improvement occurs after a week or two, and under certain conditions of treatment, after a year all restrictions and prohibitions on the use of foods can be abolished altogether.
At first, it is worth to abandon the meat of animals, meat and fish soups, by-products, sardines, herring, mackerel, alcohol.
Reduce the use of beef, sausages, fish, beans, radish, cauliflower, spinach, cocoa, coffee.
Do not confine yourself to eating cereals, pasta, dairy products, cheese, eggs, jelly, oil. You can vegetable soups on vegetable broth, meat and fish can, but only in a cooked form and not more often 1-2 times a week.
If there are no pathologies from the cardiovascular system and the urinary system, you can increase the daily intake of fluid to 2-2.5 liters per day. A decoction of wild rose, juices from berries, lime tea. From mineral waters it is possible alkaline waters - Smirnovsky, Borjomi.
Diet for gout and obesity
The diet for gout and obesity is based on a reduction in the amount of calories in the daily diet due to light and quickly digestible carbohydrates, fats, while increasing the percentage of protein in a daily portion. Due to this, the body weight decreases, fat metabolism and water-electrolyte balance are restored.
According to the composition, the daily norm of diet No. 8 contains: proteins - 100-110 g, fats - 80-90 g( of which 50% are plant), carbohydrates - 120-150 g, kilocalories - 1600-1800.Only in a hospital with a severe degree of obesity, a diet with an energy value of 1200 kcal is prescribed.
It should be eaten in fractional portions, 5-6 times a day, with a small volume. Calculate the weight of the portion can be done with the help of kitchen scales, and the volume of the portion is reached at the expense of vegetables, it gives a feeling of satiety, and also does not create an organism for a stressful situation and the diet can be observed for a long period of time. Dishes should be better stewed, boiled, baked, and the use of fried, chopped dishes is better to reduce
Liquid with diet number 8 is regulated in a volume of 1.2-1.5 liters. For example - no more than half a bowl of soup, no more than 5-6 glasses of liquid per day, salt - about 5g, give up spices and alcohol. You can consume seafood( if there are no contraindications).
If you follow a diet, and at a later date include in the daily routine of physical activity, you can accelerate the process of recovery and restore metabolism, fixing a positive result. Of course, following the prescription of a nutritionist, you can stop acute attacks of gout, but you can cure completely only when combined with drug therapy. Therefore, when the first signs appear, you should immediately go to a clinic to a specialist to prevent the development of severe systemic changes. It is absolutely counter-indicative to be engaged in a selftreatment and to ignore a prescription of a diet at a gout.
Diet for gout
Gout is a serious disease characterized by a violation of protein metabolism in the human body. In this case, the blood always contains an increased level of uric acid, in the tissues urates are deposited, clinically the disease often manifests itself in the form of recurrent acute arthritis. This disease can not be completely eliminated, but it is possible to significantly reduce the frequency and duration of periods of exacerbation. For this it is very important to adhere to the right diet.
The purpose of therapeutic methods for gout is to reduce the volume of various uric acid compounds in the body. Therefore, patients are prescribed modern drugs that interfere with the formation of the above-mentioned acid, and also contribute to its effective excretion from the body.
The intake of such medications is combined with a sharp reduction in purines supplied with food. For this, first of all, the animal's diet is removed from animal fats, all kinds of animal proteins and necessarily carbohydrates.
Products that need to be excluded from the daily diet for gout
When gout, the patient first of all will have to give up all kinds of smoked products, any kinds of sausages, table salt, legumes. It is impossible to eat fatty meat products, especially by-products and meat of young animals, and also fish.
It is necessary to completely abandon heavy food such as mushrooms or fat. When gout is not necessary to savor food with a variety of seasonings and spicy spices. In this case, the exception is the bay leaf and table vinegar. In addition, the patient must give up strong alcoholic beverages, chocolate, cocoa, strong tea and coffee. Cheeses of salted and sharp varieties are also on the list of products that contribute to the development of exacerbations of the disease. In addition, we will have to give up both rich meat soups and broths cooked on meat.
Products that are allowed in limited quantities with gout
With gout, you can dilute your menu with certain products, severely limiting the amount of their consumption. Among these products, low-fat milk and butter. True, they can be used only as additives to the main dish, for example, to the porridge. You can also eat with caution, boiled poultry and fish, it is better if it is trout or salmon. In moderation, tomatoes, ordinary cauliflower, any greens, juicy radishes and turnips can be enjoyed. Of fruits, one must be extremely careful with plums.
What is eaten with gout?
What should the patient's menu for gout consist of? First and foremost, it should be rich in a variety of vegetable soups, and can be with cereals, sea cephalopods and crustaceans, low-fat fish species, rabbit meat, cereals and pasta, low-fat dairy products such as yogurt, sour cream, cheese. Food without fear can be flavored with dill, seized with black and white bread. Animal proteins should be replaced by plant proteins.
You are allowed to eat eggs, but not more than one per day. The menu can be replenished with any vegetables, except those that are prohibited. And also with green apples, any berries except raspberries, oranges, tangerines. Very useful dried fruits, except for raisins, as well as honey, nuts, seeds. From sweets you can enjoy marshmallow, marmalade and jam. Food can be prepared both in creamy and vegetable oil, but from refractory fats, such as pork or sheep, should be completely abandoned.
As for drinking, you should give preference to green tea, tea with milk or with lemon, juices, any decoctions of useful plants. In addition, you can drink mors, kvass, compotes of various fruits and berries. It is useful to use specialized mineral water and fresh cucumber juice.
Unloading days for gout
It should be remembered that during gout it is recommended to conduct periodic unloading days. At the same time, you can consume only one type of vegetables the whole day, for example, limit yourself to potatoes or green apples. In the event that it is difficult to eat during the day with just one product, you can mix several types of vegetables or fruits and eat them in the form of salads. You can also choose a dairy, kefir or curd diet. At the same time, various aspects of the metabolic process are unloaded, which is very important for patients with gout.
For unloading days, you can use the rice and apple diet. To do this, boil 75 grams of rice on milk and take it in small portions. In between, you can eat apples both raw and in the form of compote. By the way, their number should not exceed 250 grams. And when preparing compote, you must completely abandon the sugar.
It should be noted that although patients are recommended to conduct contrasting fasting days, completely hungry days are strictly prohibited. It is also not possible to arrange courses of therapeutic starvation, because because of the complete cessation of food intake into the body, uric acid is sharply added to the blood. As a result, a gout attack begins.
Features of making menus for gout
For patients with gout, the following variant of a daily diet can be recommended. Breakfast should always consist of a vegetable salad, a delicious carrot-apple pudding, one soft-boiled egg, a weak tea. By the second breakfast you can cook unsweetened compote from wild rose berries. Lunch should be from milk soup with pasta, simple pancakes, jelly. As a snack, you can eat fresh apples. And for dinner you can eat sour croakers, cabbage rolls without meat, drink soft tea. Before going to bed, drink a broth cooked using wheat bran.
It should be emphasized that diet with gout has a peculiar structure. It should be dominated by liquid and semi-liquid food in the form of vegetable soups, mineral waters, any compotes and fruit drinks, fresh juices and jelly, fruit and vegetables. In day it is necessary to drink in general 2-3 liters of a liquid. And during the unloading days you can eat up to 2 kg of any vegetables.
When preparing a menu for a patient with gout, it is important to consider the presence of other chronic diseases. So, for example, if a patient has high cholesterol, he should not eat the yolk at all, and if he suffers from diabetes, flour and bakery products should be taken in limited quantities, and sugar and sweet must be completely excluded.
Often gout occurs in combination with obesity. In such cases, a special diet is appointed, called health workers diet number 8.It largely excludes the consumption of meat and fish and implies the frequent holding of unloading days, up to four times per week. And in general, a patient with gout is recommended to lose weight, because because of the large weight, the risk of frequent attacks increases. But while losing weight should not be too sharp, it should occur smoothly and imperceptibly.
And of course, with gout, you need to remember that the success of treatment depends on its complexity. Therefore, one diet should not be limited, even if it is chosen correctly, taking into account all the characteristics of the body. You can recommend using various physiotherapy procedures, and also you can do exercise therapy, which is very important for strengthening the body. However, before this it is necessary to discuss this with the attending physician.
However, such procedures are prohibited in the event that the patient has a period of exacerbation of the disease. At such times, physical rest, the use of warm warming baths and compresses, heat is recommended. A useful effect on the body is having a walk on the street, in particular before eating, or immediately after taking.
And of course, one should always keep in mind that gout can be controlled if you start paying attention to your health in time. Timely consultations with a doctor, modern medicament and physiotherapy treatment, the right diet - and you will forget about your illness for many years, you will be able to lead a full, absolutely normal life.
Author of the article: Nutritionist, Kuzmina Vera Valerievna, specially for the site ayzdorov.ru
Gout is a diet: allowed and forbidden products of
There are diseases controlled by diet: gout, gastritis, cholecystitis, obesity. The list can be continued. Gout, or arthritis of the gouty type, is caused by the deposition of salts of uric acid in the joints. It can develop due to congenital metabolic disorders, lead poisoning, and accompany certain blood diseases.IMPORTANT TO KNOW!A new means of restoring joints in 99% of subjects. The pain goes away 100%!Read more here - & gt;
Factors leading to the development of gout are: inactivity;lack of clean, fresh air and an unfavorable ecological situation;disturbed drinking regimen. But the most important factor is malnutrition. The disease, unfortunately, is incurable, but the condition can and should be stabilized with the help of a diet. By giving up a number of foods and eating other healthy foods, you can alleviate the symptoms of gout.
General principles of the diet for gout
Gout - symptoms, treatment and diet is an extensive field of medical research, which it is not difficult to get acquainted with.
However, there is still a common perception that gout is a disease of glutton, and it is enough not to overeat, to give up fatty and fried foods, smoking and alcohol, then gout will recede. Alas, this is not entirely true.
When gout is almost the most important is the diet. Meals should be oriented at the same time each day. You need to eat 4 or 5 times without overeating , but without limiting yourself in nutrients. Excess weight is harmful, but it is also harmful and a sharp decrease in weight. Therefore, you need to monitor yourself, arranging unloading days as needed and do not eat high-calorie foods.
Gout: Prohibited Foods
The diet for gout is not a temporary measure, it is a principle of nutrition, even a way of life based on the care of one's health. First of all, in your diet, you must necessarily reduce consumption( or exclude altogether) those products that contain purines - compounds involved in the synthesis of uric acid. The daily norm of purines for gout is about 100-150 mg. In a healthy person, it is much higher - up to 800 mg of purines.
It's the food rich in purines that is forbidden for gout. High purine products include:
- black tea( 2800 mg), coffee( 1200 mg), cocoa( 1,900 mg), chocolate( 620 mg);
- peas( 45 mg), beans( 44 mg), lentils( 70 mg), rice( 18 mg), oats( 30 mg);Veal( 48 mg), beef( 40 mg), goose( 33 mg), low-fat pork( 70 mg), fat pork( 48 mg), liver( 95 mg), animal language( 55 mg);
- sardines( 120 mg), river fish( 48-54 mg), herring( 79 mg), sprats( 92 mg);
- spinach( 23 mg), asparagus( 14 mg).
Purines in black tea, cocoa and coffee are not split into uric acid. But they have diuretic properties, so they dehydrate the cell and thereby increase the concentration of uric acid. It is much more useful to drink a sweet compote. It is better to use sugar as a sweetener. Honey and gout are not the best combination. Honey contains oxalic acid, harmful for gout.
Harmful as salty, spicy food and alcoholic beverages. Vodka and gout are the most harmful combination, so alcohol should be banned. In liquor, many purines, in addition, vodka and other alcohol dehydrates the body and thereby increases the concentration of uric acid, which leads to intoxication of the body. Alcohol and gout - an mutually exclusive combination, even in the smallest doses.
Useful products for gout
Foods in which there are few purines, but in which a high content of substances useful to humans, are conditionally considered useful for gout.
You need to eat as many high-fiber foods as possible, which helps maintain normal weight. These can be cereals, whole grains, muesli or diet breads.
Another group of useful products - vegetables, fruits and nuts, containing essential vitamins C, E, A, D, as well as B group vitamins, various minerals, antioxidants( lycopene, polyphenols, anthocyanins). Antioxidants strengthen the body's immune properties , increase your ability to withstand various ailments.
When gout is useful not only vegetables, berries and fruits, but also a variety of greens( except sorrel): parsley, dill, coriander. They need to eat every day and a lot. Cucumbers, zucchini, cabbage, carrots, tomatoes, pumpkin, melon, pineapple, watermelon, celery, strawberries, cranberries, black currants should be regularly on the gout table. In these fruits, there are few purines, but a lot of fiber, vitamins and "good" carbohydrates.
Gout: what you can eat
During periods of exacerbation of the disease, you should completely eliminate the consumption of meat and fish.
At such times it is useful to spend unloading days when full refusal of food is practiced, only juices, compotes and kissels, as well as alkaline mineral water and purified by reverse osmosis technology, are used.
During the remission period, only low-fat dietary meats with low purine content should be eaten: white chicken fillet, turkey fillet, low-fat rabbit meat( legs).Cottage cheese and cheese do not contain purines( or contain them in an insignificant amount, for example, in cheese "Adyghe" only 0.4 mg), so they should be in the menu of gout. There are no purines in the egg whites, and there are very few of them in the yolk.
Tomatoes are one of the best foods in the diet for gout. Tomatoes and gout are the right combination: eating tomatoes, you can reduce the manifestations of this disease. Tomatoes contain a huge amount of B vitamins, while they include very little protein.
Gout: diet 6 classic
For the treatment of gout, many different diets have been developed that take into account the needs of gout in certain substances.
Diet No. 6 is the most common and easy-to-follow type of diet for people who have gout: nutrition with gout should comply with the requirements of this diet. The essence of diet number six is as follows:
- use a minimum of proteins( to limit the consumption of meat and legumes).Animal proteins should be half of the total;
- it is necessary to limit the amount of refractory fats( pork, beef, mutton, culinary);
- you need to eat melted butter and vegetable oils;
- significantly limit the consumption of products containing oxalic acid;
- it is impossible to eat broths( mushroom, fish, meat);
- if the kidney and heart without abnormalities, drink at least two liters of water per day;
- completely abandon the salt or tightly limit its amount( up to 1g per day).
In a diet for gout it is necessary to include soy products, for example, tofu cheese. Soy contains substances that remove uric acid from the body. Garlic and gout are the recommended combination, since garlic is a source of a variety of vitamins, macronutrients, has antibacterial properties. Allicin in garlic lowers the percentage of bad cholesterol in a person and has anti-carcinogenic properties.
Gout: treatment with folk remedies
Diet for gout can be combined with treatment with various infusions, decoctions of medicinal plants. For example, you can make tea from black currant and cranberry leaves and wild rose berries, mixed in equal proportions.
With gout, the compositions of chamomile, litter, and the roots of the stony hedgehog help well. These broths are prepared from the calculation of 3 teaspoons of raw materials for 2 cups of boiling water. Take the medicine you need half the glass 2-4 times a day before meals.
Ginger drink is used as a folk remedy for gout. Preparation: 10-20 g of root rub and brew with a glass of boiling water. Take half a glass a day on an empty stomach. Ginger and gout are a good combination. The root of ginger has a useful property - it cleanses the body, removes toxins and toxins.
Infusion of leaves of grapes and juice from berries should be drunk at least once a day before breakfast. Eat fresh grapes, too, and gout will gradually go into remission. Also for the treatment of gout in folk medicine is used decoction of flax seeds. Preparation: 2 teaspoons of seeds insist 15 minutes in 3.5 cups of boiling water, filter and take inside on a tablespoon 4 times a day.
Switch completely to diet food - gout will begin to recede within a week. With the help of diet it is possible to avoid the increase of gout symptoms, reduce the risk of deep development of this disease and improve the quality of one's life. It is important to take into account specific features of human health, its taste preferences. This approach will allow to achieve positive results in the treatment of a complex disease.
The importance of the
diet The diet for gout is very important, because it helps to help the body in the following moments:
- Discharge of accumulated uric acid. Diet helps to split existing crystals and remove them from the body.
- Do not aggravate the disease. The fact is that many dishes and foods contain this uric acid, so if they are excluded from the diet, the probability of aggravation of the disease or its aggravation will be reduced to a minimum.
- Restoration and enrichment of the body. With gout, calcium is rapidly washed out of the body. Cells of the joint are damaged, but their regeneration requires calcium, which in the body is minimal. On vitamins and microelements we will discuss in more detail later.
Thus, the diet really is an important addition to treatment. According to many doctors, the diet is not even an additional, but the main method of struggle, since without proper nutrition, even serious medication is powerless.
Many people have difficulty following this diet or at all refuse it. This is due to the wild rhythm of life, which does not allow you to revise your diet and remove from it all unnecessary and harmful. Often people eat, as they say, what they have. In the dynamics of life, many are only able to intercept a couple of sandwiches. In other words, modern youth pays little attention to nutrition, but in vain.
It is worth saying that the diet for patients with gout does not imply serious restrictions and significant changes in the diet. Of course, there is a list of products that must be completely excluded from consumption, but this will benefit not only in terms of treating gout, but also in terms of figure.
Vitamins and their importance
Speaking about the diet for gout, we can not say that it involves the enrichment of the body with vitamins and trace elements. As already mentioned above, this is one of the main functions of the diet. Many can say that vitamins are needed by the body, regardless of whether the person is sick or not, and this is an absolute truth. But the fact is that in the presence of such a serious ailment as gout, the body begins to rapidly lose calcium. Joints are destroyed precisely because the disease relieves a person of important trace elements. Many experts are convinced that if there are all the micronutrients in abundance, gout simply will not be approached. Rational grain in this is, because calcium and other trace elements, and vitamins - a pledge of high immunity, and a good immune system - this is the main obstacle on the way to all kinds of ills.
In other words, vitamins should restore the protective function of the body and enhance it. Moreover, the vitamins of group "B" stimulate microcirculation, and this is extremely important in the matter of cell regeneration. Vitamin C fights against the inflammation focus itself and does not allow it to spread. The remaining groups of vitamins also do not remain indifferent.
Calcium is known to be a pledge of healthy bones and tissues in general. This microelement must regularly enter the body. Of course, for these purposes, many people buy vitamin complexes, which in modern pharmacies are great, but they are much more absorbed by the body than useful substances coming with food.
With a question, what kind of diet for gout fits best, you should see a doctor rheumatologist. This specialist deals with the treatment of gout and many other joint diseases.
Types of diets and their essence
In the treatment of gout, two diets are actively used:
- diet 6. It consists in eliminating purines from the daily diet;
- diet 8 for gout. It is prescribed to those people who suffer from gout on the background of obesity.
Both diets have their own peculiarities and limitations, therefore each of them must be considered separately.
Diet No. 6 means food, in which there are no purines - gout catalysts. When it is necessary to drink a lot of fluid, so that excess uric acid successfully left the body. It is also necessary to stimulate metabolic processes in the body with the help of a number of products and to enrich the body with vitamins and microelements.
Diet No. 8 is much tougher, if you can say so, than the previous one. This is due to more severe restrictions in food, in the caloric content of meals in particular.
The decision on what kind of diet should be adhered to by the patient is taken solely by the doctor. At the same time he relies on the collected history and verdict of several narrow specialists: neuropathologist and endocrinologist. The first doctor should indicate whether gout is associated with a disease of its specificity. The second is to detect obesity, if there is one. Only an integrated and versatile approach to the treatment of gout can immediately bear fruit. It is worth saying that urologist advice may also be required.
Both of these diets are aimed at the cleavage of acid crystals and their inference. But this acid can enter the body and again be deposited in the joints and tendons, so some products will have to be completely abandoned for the duration of treatment.
Gout suggests also treatment by folk remedies in addition to diet. Traditional medicine has a huge number of useful and relevant at the same time ailments of prescriptions, but they must be applied with the mind, because otherwise there is a risk of harming one's own health, and aggravating the course of the disease. Gout is very prone to exacerbations, so any wrong action in treatment can lead to a tremendous increase in pain.
The diet for gout includes interesting recipes that many people may have to taste.
The products allowed for gout
It can not be said that a diet for gout presupposes strong restrictions in eating, but this is only if a person is not obese. Allowed to use:
- Dairy products. They are not only possible, but also necessary, because they have a huge amount of calcium.
- Green. It allows calcium and other trace elements to be quickly absorbed.
- Fruits, like many vegetables - a storehouse of vitamins.
- Meat and fish are a source of protein, so it can not be excluded from the diet. The only thing, it is desirable to give preference to poultry meat and low-fat fish.
- Mineral water. Especially: Essentuki №17.It should be noted that the drink should not be heavily carbonated. In a day you can drink like mineral water no more than two glasses.
- Bitter chocolate. It's tasty and insanely useful.
- Grocery. Overdo it with the consumption of pasta, for obvious reasons, not worth it, but as a side dish from time to time it is possible.
These are the main products that are coveted with a diet, but there are limitations that also need to be taken into consideration.
Forbidden products for gout
People suffering from gout should completely eliminate sweets from the diet. This is necessary not only for the figure, but also for the body to "absorb" the vitamins obtained in itself, and not take them out under the influence of fatty foods. Actively removes from the body calcium and zinc all favorite coffee, so it should also be discarded.
Too fat broths should be excluded. In general, the patient should give preference to salads from vegetables without the addition of mayonnaise. But protein is also very important, so you can not give up meat and fish completely. As for alcohol, it is undesirable for any diet. These are solid toxins that poison the body. Completely get rid of gout is impossible, so the purpose of the diet is to increase the duration of remission. So alcohol is doing exactly the opposite. Sick people who allow themselves to regularly drink high-grade alcoholic beverages, experience an endless period of exacerbation of gout, this is a fact.
If a serious cause comes to the patient, not to drink to which he simply can not, then give preference to red or white dry wine. One or even two glasses will not harm the body.
Diet for gout reduces the risk of exacerbation, as it removes accumulated uric acid and does not allow the crystallization of a new "portion".Preservatives are ardent opponents of healthy nutrition, so their consumption should also be eliminated, completely. No canned food.
Sweets, as already mentioned, are unwanted elements of a healthy diet from gout, but after all the familiar milk chocolate can be replaced with a more useful - bitter. Sweetheads should not be upset, because from any situation you can find a way out. It is impossible not to say about salt and sugar. In their pure form, they are also undesirable, but only salt can be added in a minimal amount. Sugar can be safely replaced with honey or even jam, because it has already been proven that boiled sugar is not so harmful.
Antipuric diet for gout supposes consumption per day no more than 2500 kcal, but this figure can vary depending on the patient's composition.
Garlic and onion with gout
As already mentioned, in folk medicine there are many useful recipes for the treatment of gout. Help with gout infusions of garlic and onions. They are used as infusions. Patients can take them both inside and out directly on the sore spot. It is worth saying that before applying any prescription, you should consult your doctor. The fact is that even with such useful and, undoubtedly, miraculous products like garlic and onions, there is a decent amount of contraindications. Therefore, the patient can harm himself, and this is unacceptable. Do not engage in self-medication, because gout requires not only treatment in the form of diet, but also conservative therapy.
In modern pharmacies you can find many effective medicines, but without observing the described diet, their effect is reduced to a minimum. Simply put, medicines are useless in the event that a large dose of purine is administered daily to the patient's body.