How to check platypodia at home

Disease forms, degrees and their signs

The following types of disease are distinguished:

  1. longitudinal
  2. combined
  3. plosco-valgus stop - X-shaped curvature of the ankle. Usually this is not an independent form of pathology, but the last stage is the longitudinal form of flatfoot.

The compaction of the arches of the foot has such stages:

  1. Predilezny. Muscles of the lower leg and the top of the foot ache only after prolonged exercise.
  2. Intermittent flatfoot( 2nd stage).The muscles of the lower leg and the feet tighten and hurt by the end of the day. Lowering the lift of the foot can be seen visually, in the evening. In the morning, the foot looks normal.
  3. At this stage, the final development of the flat foot is noted. The symptoms are as follows: legs become tired even after a short standing;there is a visual flattening of the foot, there is a need to choose shoes at once 1-2 sizes larger. In addition, the thumb is pushed aside.
  4. The stage of valgus curvature of the foot: the ascent is flattened simultaneously with the turn of the foot by the sole of the inside.

There are several degrees of transverse and longitudinal flat feet;they are evaluated according to different criteria. Diagnosis is carried out either according to the footprint( in children up to 7-10 years old), or by X-ray( after this age).The degree of transverse flattening is judged by the angle of the deviation of the thumb, and also by the angle between the thumb and forefinger:

  1. is normally the first indicator - less than 14 °, the second - less than 9 °
  2. at 1 degree - 15-20 ° and 10-12° between I and II fingers
  3. 2nd degree is characterized by the figures 21-30 ° and 13-15 °
  4. the transverse flatfoot of the 3rd degree is characterized by the figures 31-40 ° and 16-20 °
  5. 4th degree - more than 41 ° and more than 21 °.

Degrees of longitudinal flatfoot are evaluated according to the radiograph:

  • 1 degree: arch 2.5-3.5 cm high, arch angle 131-140 °
  • 2 degree: 1.7-2.4 cm, 141-155 °
  • 3degree: less than 1.7 cm, 156 ° or more.

Home check

How to determine flat feet at home? This will help to make a simple test, which can be performed in a child over 5 years old( before this age - only medical diagnosis).To do this, you need to smear the baby's feet( especially painting the inside of the foot and thumb) with watercolor paint or oil, and then put it on a landscape sheet that can absorb your dye. The child is entertained for 30-60 seconds, so that he stands on the sheet calmly and in his usual pose. Next, fingerprints( scientifically - plottograms) are evaluated:

  • , the normal notch in the middle of the print leaves half the width of the foot
  • at the I degree - slightly more than 1/3
  • at the II degree - less than 1/3
  • at the third degree there is no cavity
  • at allflattening of the transverse arch between the heel and the head of the metacarpal bones there is no generally shaded gap
  • the valgus stop leaves a wide and deformed trail( resembling a bear's paw).

Also look at the thumbprint.

Medical diagnosis

No diagnosis for newborns and infants until the year: when suspicion of flat feet recommendations are given regarding a complex of passive exercises, day regimen, massage, wearing shoes and food.

In children older than 1 year, a survey is conducted, such as a doppler - measurement of the foot with subsequent calculations of the indices of the longitudinal and transverse arches.

Pre-school children also spend:

  • podography - the study of the phases of walking, load distribution on the foot. A test is carried out in special shoes, in which the child is asked to pass on the metal track
  • electromyography - examination of the activity of the calf and foot muscles
  • determination of calcium and phosphorus levels in the blood
  • computer tests in which the programs calculate the biomechanics of walking.

If the diagnosis is confirmed by these methods, a radiograph of the feet is performed, which gives the most accurate result.

Treatment of flat feet

The disease is chronic, that is, if it is not treated, it will progress, causing all the consequences listed above with time.

How to correct flat feet: the nature of the therapy will depend on the stage of the disease and the age of the child. In early childhood, the foot is even more cartilage than the bones, and if you give them the right position, then there is a great chance that their ossification will occur in the right position.

So how do I heal I-III stages of flatfoot? Everything starts with conservative methods.

Drug treatment

Preparations for flat feet are prescribed when the disease is accompanied by severe pain or swelling of the legs. In these cases, tablets or syrups with pain medication can be used: Nurofen, Analgin. To eliminate edema, local medications that strengthen the venous vessels( Troxevasin-gel) and dilute blood( heparin ointment) can be used. A teenager can safely apply these drugs, but the parents of a baby should first consult a doctor.

For medicamental flatfoot therapy, drugs that affect the cause of the disease should be used: vitamin D for rickets, muscle relaxants and antibiotics for the treatment of the paralytic foot.

Antibiotics for the treatment of flatfoot itself are not used. They are used if there are symptoms of rheumatism or other bacterial diseases that are not related to flattening of the arches of the foot, even in the infant.

Healers recommend

At home, but only in combination with other therapies, folk remedies can be used:

  1. Leaves of wormwood are washed, dried, applied to the soles of the feet and after bandaging are also fixed with socks
  2. Trays with sea salt( 1 tbsp.per 1 liter of water)
  3. Contrasting baths: the legs should first be unzipped for 1-2 minutes, then rinse 15 seconds with cool water. In warm water, you can add decoction of the bark of oak
  4. Warm baths with broth of mint
  5. Baths with sage.

Recall, this method is ancillary. The main effect of treatment is achieved with the help of exercise therapy, physiotherapy methods, massage, wearing orthopedic shoes or insoles.

Massage

This method of treatment is applied at all stages of children's flatfoot. The mother makes a small child massage, the teenager uses self-massage with the help of hands, orthopedic rugs, rollers, balls. You can also make an orthopedic mat with your own hands, if you paste on and paste pieces of rough puzzles, buttons, pebbles, lids from plastic bottles. A good effect is also provided by the Plant simulator - insole, laid out with massage elements, which are worn for a while.

Manual massage enhances blood circulation, restores muscle tone. Performed such techniques as stroking, rubbing, tapping, kneading. The elements of vibration are necessarily included. Using finger pads, we draw a number 7 on the foot, drawing from the thumb to the little finger, leading the line to the heel.

Complex of exercises

LFK is selected by an orthopedist, performed first with an instructor, then repeated at home and in kindergarten. With a child in 1 year passive medical gymnastics is performed - when the movement of the legs of the baby is performed by the mother.

These exercises are used:

  1. Sitting on a chair and putting feet on the floor, press the fingers several times. The heels thus firmly stand on the floor
  2. When sitting on a chair, collect cloth, roll a rolling pin, grab small objects
  3. Perform in the same position. It is necessary to slide the other leg with one thumb, then change the legs
  4. Standing on the toes 5-10 times from standing position
  5. Walk on the inner and then outer edge of the foot
  6. When charging, it is necessary to walk on bars, along ropes.

Orthopedic insoles and shoes

These devices are prescribed only by an orthopedic physician from the first stage of the disease. If at I-II stages it is possible to use footwear purchased at specialized stores that will be sold by the orthopedist's prescription, then at stage III shoes and sandals are ordered already at special plants.

Orthopedic insoles:

  • support arches in anatomically correct position
  • improve blood circulation
  • reduce stress on leg joints and spine
  • increase stability when standing
  • improve overall well-being.

Reviews about this type of treatment - only positive. You need to wear these insoles in your home and in street shoes, but periodically you need to give them rest, it is desirable that the child at this time was barefoot.

Physiotherapy

To relax the pathologically contracted muscles of the foot and improve circulation in them,

  • electrophoresis
  • applications with paraffin and ozocerite
  • magnetotherapy are used.

Shock-wave therapy

is used to soften the ligaments.

operation. Surgery is performed in the orthopedic clinic if, in spite of conservative treatment, the flat foot has led to the formation of valgus flattening of the pediatric foot.

Surgical intervention can consist both in creating an artificial fusion between the calcaneus and scaphoid bone, and in the gradual, step-by-step plastering of the foot with additional fixation with its spokes.

Rehabilitation after arthrodesis surgery is performed in multidisciplinary or orthopedic clinics( for example, SM-Clinic, Family Clinic, Medical Center Olympus in Moscow).It consists in temporary plastering of the foot to a third of the shin with the subsequent performance of massage, physiotherapy, therapeutic gymnastics.

The diet after the operation is to eat a balanced diet that includes enough protein, calcium, vitamins( especially group B) and phosphorus.

Prevention of

Prevent flat feet is much easier than curing this chronic process. For this, it is necessary to observe such rules:

  1. Do not try to put the child before 7-8 months, and then with support. The best option - when the child himself becomes on the legs
  2. To conduct the prevention of rickets
  3. Buy an orthopedic mat or make a mat with your own hands. On it, the child will become during the game, charging, cleaning the teeth
  4. At home, it is necessary to perform therapeutic exercises: walking on the side edges of the foot, picking up the cloth and objects from the floor
  5. The first and subsequent shoes are chosen so: there should be a hard and long back, a small heel. Keds can not be worn categorically. Slippers and flip-flops - for a short while, only with
  6. heat. Walking barefoot often on different
  7. surfaces. Folk remedies used for the prevention of the disease are successfully used for its treatment.
  8. Attend kindergarten: the kindergarten will be performed by daily gymnastics aimed at preventing flat feet
  9. The diet contains a sufficient amount of meat and fish, as well as fruits and vegetables, fresh juices.
Doctor recommends Friskinopia in childhood, found at early stages, very well treated: ligaments are still malleable, bone growth zones are not yet closed, muscles grow. If you do not engage in self-treatment, and you turn to a competent orthopedist who will appoint a complex of rehabilitation measures to the child, there is a very high chance that you will forget about this problem to the adult age.

The advice is simple: do not look on the Internet how to fix the flat foot found by you, but look for a specialist who:

  1. will pay attention to all aspects of the child's and family's life that will help to cope with the disease( that is, it will tell you about the diet and vitamins,and will pick up a set of exercises)
  2. will be busy not only with the treatment of the investigation - flat feet - but also with the search for its cause
  3. will tell you about the possible consequences of the disease and how they manifest so that you know when to sound the alarm.
Thus, flat feet in children - bone-ligament pathology, which is easier to prevent than treat. It can be found even in an infant, but more often it manifests itself at an age after a year - under the influence of various factors and diseases. For its treatment is applied complex - physiotherapeutic, medicamental, gymnastic - therapy. The tablets alone will not help, no matter how good you read about them. Our recommendations

DoktorDetok.ru

One of the most common diseases of our time, in which the external and internal arch of the foot thickens noticeably - this is a flat foot. The reasons that can cause him a huge amount: constant work "standing", incorrectly selected shoes, overweight, long walking. The muscular apparatus of the foot is broken, it swells, and also flattenes.

If it is timely to determine flat feet( its degree of development) with the help of usual home methods in adults and children, then it is not difficult to fight with it then. We will tell you how to determine flat feet at home.

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  • Professional bone repair on the foot
  • Straighten the thumb and joint
  • Effectively relieve the transverse flatfoot
  • Relieve the pain and swelling
  • Keep the natural mobility of the foot( as opposed to the tire)
  • Designed for around the clock wearing

The main difference of this corrector inThe fact that its action is directed not only to straighten the thumb, but also to combat transverse flatfoot. Thus, the socks of ValgoSocks are struggling not only with the "bone", but also with the cause that causes its appearance.

Symptoms of flatfoot, for which you can determine it in the course of home observations

For such symptoms at home permanent examinations, you can determine the disease:

  • you quickly get tired after heavy hard work, long walking, or vice versa for a whole day;
  • on old shoes is easy to determine that the heels are trampled on the inside;
  • leg unexpectedly increased, old shoes no longer fit;
  • by the evening you feel unpleasant pains, a feeling of heaviness, swelling of your feet;
  • pain from the foot extends over the lower leg, knees, lower back.

For individual signs of deformity, the presence of transverse flatfoot during home examinations can be determined:

  • a bone was formed on the base of the thumb;
  • stops noticeably expanded;
  • thumb looks strongly deflected outwards;
  • the second and third fingers are deformed.

These symptoms can mean not only the presence of flat feet, but also indicate that you are subject to completely different diseases. For example, such as a violation of the vascular or endocrine system. Therefore, it is better to go through a full-fledged examination in the office of a specialist doctor, identifying such symptoms during home checks.

Several ways how to determine with the help of home tests of flatfoot

There are several home ways to determine flat feet, its degree.

One of the first simple home methods to diagnose ailment is the following: spread the feet with any fat cream or with any home coloring substances. Stand on top of a sheet of clean white paper.

You can not rely on anything, you should stand straight, not bending down, only then will it be possible to determine the correct result of home measurements.

The peoples of Spain have such a good expression: "A trickle could flow under the feet of a beautiful woman."Apply it to our inspection of home tracks. Carefully look, if by your fingerprint it's easy to notice a notch from the inner edge of the foot, occupying slightly more than half the width of the foot, and the inner part forms like a bridge for the brook, then do not worry about the deformation.

It was determined that the notch is not so deep or the impression has turned out without depressions or vice versa - separately the heel and fingers, it is necessary to turn to the doctor for help, it seems that the flatfoot really is. This method is not suitable if you want at home to determine in young children flat feet.

The next method to determine the disease is more complicated, here we work with the same traces. We draw a line from the center of the base of the thumb to the center of the heel. The second line is also drawn from the center of the heel, but we carry it to the point between the bases of the index and middle fingers.

Read more & gt; & gt; We recommend!

For the treatment and prevention of bones on the legs( Hallux Valgus) and transverse flatfoot, our readers successfully use the technique developed by leading German orthopedic doctors. Having carefully studied this method, we decided to offer it to your attention. Read more. ..

It was determined that the bottleneck of your foot goes for both these lines or is on the border of the second, then there is no flat footing. The outline of this place was imprinted between two painted stripes? You have the first degree of flatfoot. Determined that the contour on both lines or out of their limits, then the second degree, and possibly the third degree of deformation.

Determination of flatfoot by the method of Frinland. The length-height of the foot is measured, then the height is multiplied by 100, divided by the length. The result obtained is normal 29-31.The figures were determined from 27 to 29, then the platypodia is likely.

Figures less than 25 indicate a pronounced flat foot.

Estimate the shape of the feet

Inspect your legs carefully in calm domestic circumstances. Are your feet narrow, and the thumb is much longer than the others? These are called "Egyptian", the risk of flatfoot is about 50%.

If the foot is wide, the first two fingers are the same length, then it is much easier to flatten, the risk of flatfoot is very large. To avoid this, go more often barefoot, do special exercises with the help of home-made tools, be sure to massage the lower limbs, relaxing the muscles.

If your second finger is much longer than all the others, the foot is of medium width, then you are not very prone to flatfoot.

How to determine a child's flat feet at home examinations

The way to determine during home inspections flat feet with a trace is inaccurate if it is a child's leg. This is due to the fact that in children up to 4 years of age the foot is not sufficiently developed yet, it is almost completely filled with fat tissue.

In children of small age it is difficult to determine the deformities of the legs during home examinations, therefore, they should be taken to the pediatric orthopedic surgeon every year. The presence of regular home observation of the gait of your child will enable you to determine in time the disease of the limbs. Flat-footedness is determined by such domestic moments of behavior:

  • when walking the baby's small child's socks turn inward, slightly slanting;
  • the kid does steps, resting against the inner edges of the arch.

If you see these signs of the baby's behavior at home, it's better to consult a specialist as soon as possible. Many mothers are concerned about the question of how many years you can accurately determine the disease of the baby's legs.

To determine flat feet at home constant examinations, its degree in children will be obtained only if they are already 5 or 6 years old.

Fix flatfoot easier since childhood, so it is important to determine at home whether it is available in advance, and the presence of home observation of the behavior of your child will be welcome.

At the initial stage, flat feet does not greatly affect our life, but in time can cause more serious problems. Therefore, it is better to determine the ailment as soon as possible. There is a specific opportunity to stop the constant development of flat feet in adults and children, provided that there are constant home observations. The less the foot is deformed, the better for timely correction, stopping the progression of the disease. So be attentive to yourself and your loved ones!

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  • Forgot about bulging bones on legs
  • Bending of big toes and joints
  • Cured transverse flatfoot
  • Has lost pain in bones on legs and their swelling
  • Avoided surgery and walking by doctors
  • Again could wear favorite shoes

My name is Oksana Fyodorova. In 2002, I received the title "Miss Universe", and after only a couple of years the bones on my legs deprived me of the opportunity to even put on shoes. As I then thought - the career is over. .. However, I managed to find a solution that turned out ridiculously simple and accessible to everyone who faced such a problem. As I did, you can read in my sensational interview to an online magazine that is on this link ( it is worthy of attention, believe me).Read the interview. ..

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For the treatment and prevention of bones on the legs( Hallux Valgus) and transverse flatfoot, our readers successfully use the technique developed by leading German orthopedic doctors. Having carefully studied this method, we decided to offer it to your attention. Read more. ..

4 comments

Margarita

Once upon a time, I was told a way to prevent flat feet: when you sit and do lessons or watch TV, you need to roll your feet around the floor with a tennis ball.

Answer

Olesya

I noticed that when my child walks, his foot seems to fall into it, and the inner arch comes in contact with the floor. Wrote to the orthopedist, I'm experiencing, as it were, not formed flat feet.

Answer

Maria

Not all types of flatfoot can be defined independently. His son did not have any of these symptoms, but the orthopedist diagnosed a transverse platypodia when examined.

Answer

Hope

The whole family today performed a home examination using the various tests described here. It's okay for now. I wonder if flat feet can appear in 40 years?

MojaStopa.ru

Flattening in children - causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention.

Toddlers, starting from the age of seven months, are gradually accustomed to the upright, which causes them to significantly increase the load on the lower limbs. When wearing the right, quality shoes and proper development, normal physiological development of the feet and feet occurs. With a constant load on them, various diseases, excessive physical exercises, there may be various disorders in the development of the legs, one of which is flat feet.

Flatfoot - the most common disease of the musculoskeletal system in children, characterized by deformation of the foot with the flattening of its arch( usually longitudinal), as a result of which the sole becomes flat, touching the floor with its entire surface.

In all mice up to 2 years of age, the longitudinal arch of the foot is flat. And this is considered the norm, because in their soft and elastic bone tissue is not enough minerals to give it strength. Also, the muscular system is not fully developed. In 7-9 months, when the kids begin to get up on their feet and take the first steps, the function of the shock absorber is performed by the "fat pad" located on the sole. In 2-3 years in bones the amount of mineral substances reaches the norm, the ligaments and muscles become firm, the articular surfaces become normal. The formation of bone tissue stops until about 5-6 years of age. Only after this period it is possible to diagnose or eliminate flat feet in the child.

However, in some babies( about 3%) flatfoot can already be detected immediately after birth. It is considered congenital and is a developmental defect of the musculoskeletal system. Most often congenital platypodia is combined with the disease - flat-valgus deformation of the foot.

Symptoms of flatfoot in children

Children 6-7 years old who suffer from flat feet will complain of rapid fatigue while standing and walking, swelling and aching pain in the area of ​​the feet, intensifying towards evening.

External symptoms of flat feet in children:

  • an increase in foot width;
  • quickly removes the outsole and the inside of the heel on the shoe;
  • changes gait( impaired posture, appears clubfoot).

How to determine flat feet in children at home

You can determine the flat feet of a child with a simple test. It is necessary to smear his feet with oil or cream, put a clean sheet of paper on the floor and ask him to stand on it, evenly distributing the body. If the child has no problems with his legs, the footprint on the sheet of paper will look like in Figure 1; if, however, as in Figure 2, he is likely to have flat feet. It is necessary to visit a doctor-orthopedist, who will conduct a planography and be able to most accurately diagnose.

Factors provoking the development of flat feet in children:

  • Heredity .There is a possibility of flat feet in children, if their close relatives suffer from this disease.
  • Wrong, low-quality shoes .The development of flat feet is heavily influenced by the shoes that the child wears. It should not have a completely flat sole, be soft and without a instep. Excessive strain on the legs( eg, due to obesity).
  • Small motor activity of the child .In the age of high technology, most children prefer to stay at home with their favorite phone or tablet, rather than go out and play on the street. As a result, posture is added to the flat feet and a violation of posture.
  • Rickets .The disease develops in children due to a lack of bones in vitamin D and calcium. As a result, the bones become brittle, and since large body loads fall on the feet, the child can experience flat feet.
  • Injury to the feet of ( fracture of calcaneus, ankle, tarsus bones).
  • Paralysis of the muscles of the foot and lower leg .Paralysis arises from a disease that has been transmitted, which causes platypodia.

Treatment of flat feet in children

Congenital flat feet in children of mild form is treated by applying plaster bandages, which will be fixed in the correct position of the foot. The dressings are applied for 7-10 days, then they are removed and new ones are applied again. Treatment lasts 8-10 weeks. After the baby is assigned courses of physiotherapy, massage and wearing individually manufactured orthopedic shoes. Heavy forms of congenital flat feet are treated only surgically.

Acquired platypodia in children is treated conservatively. Treatment is multicomponent and is designed for a fairly long period. It includes:

Therapeutic physical training .Exercises are aimed at strengthening the musculature of the feet and muscles of the legs. Spend them daily. Also in exercise therapy includes classes on a special massage mat, the surface of which consists of various irregularities. When in contact with the sole, these irregularities help to strengthen the muscles.

Orthopedic footwear .Treatment of flat feet in children will not be effective without wearing the right shoes - suitable in size, with a high rigid back, good fasteners for fixation on the foot made of natural materials, with a small heel( 5-7 mm).Particular attention should be paid not only to the selection of shoes, but also to the insole with the instep. Medical shoes can be purchased in specialized stores or, according to the appointment of an orthopedist, it is made individually.

Massage .Depending on the degree of flat feet, the massage is conducted in courses of 10-15 sessions up to 4 times a year.

Physiotherapy .Pronounced flat feet need to be treated with physiotherapy. The most commonly used electrophoresis is the calcium of the ankles, which helps strengthen the ligaments, and electromyostimulation of the lower leg muscles, which causes the weakened muscles to contract. Assign physiotherapy courses 2 times a year for 10 sessions.

Plane prophylaxis in children

To reduce the risk of flat feet in the child, it is necessary, starting from the earliest age when the baby starts to get on its feet, to carry out prevention, which is as follows:

  1. As soon as the baby begins to make the first attempts to stand at the support, it is necessary that he does it in the shoes to prevent the wrong installation of the feet. In this case, shoes should be made of natural materials, have a small heel, a hard back, a pronounced instep, an elastic and corrugated sole, be of size and well fix the ankle and foot.
  2. A toddler should not wear out someone else's shoes, because it always stalks in different ways and is not always right. Therefore, if a child wears out shoes inherited, he will get all the problems with the feet that are available to the previous owner.
  3. A good prevention is hardening. Often ill with colds of the baby, not only the immune system suffers, but muscles are weakened, which leads to a decrease in motor activity, and this can provoke the development of flat feet. Effective contrast baths for feet. For them, it is necessary to take two tanks into which the child's legs can be placed in the water up to the knee. In one tank water is poured 40 ◦С, in another - 33 ◦С.The legs of the child alternately for a few seconds should be lowered then into warm, then into cold water. The duration of the procedure is 5-10 minutes. It is performed only when the baby is healthy.
  4. Reduces the risk of flat feet with warm baths for feet with sea salt or bathing in sea water. Sea salt tones blood vessels and muscles, and water exercises a massage effect.
  5. The correct formation of the arch of the foot is almost impossible without barefoot walks. In the warm season, the child should often walk barefoot on pebbles, grass, sand and other uneven surfaces. But before, you have to make sure that there is no broken glass, nails or other objects on the way of the baby, about which he can get hurt. Such surfaces can be recreated and at home, for example, on the floor to sprinkle beans, which will perfectly replace pebbles.
  6. Excellent prevention is to lift your toes from the floor of small objects - pencils, large buttons.

Flattening is a disease that, in the absence of therapy, can cause serious consequences - diseases of the musculoskeletal system, severe deformities of the foot bones. Therefore, neglect treatment and prevention is not worth it!

moykarapuz.com

how to determine the degree of flatfoot at home

hallus valgus

There are several methods of testing on the flatfoot
On the print
This method has already been told to you by Vika Lubnina. I will not talk.
Although I will make a reservation that this method is inaccurate in that the trace will depend on how to smear, how to become and so on.
A ruler for the distance from the floor to the top of the scaphoid
Radiographically
A good and fast picture can be seen on the Plantoscope( a kind of stool made of thick glass, viewed from the bottom to the bottom)
An objective measurement is taken either from an X-ray photograph or from the foot,ruler. Measure the distances between the tuberosity of the scaphoid bone and the support surface. In adult men, this distance should be at least 4 cm, in adult women - at least 3.5 cm. If the corresponding figures are below the indicated boundaries, a decrease in the longitudinal arch is noted.
Even to determine the degree of flatfoot, the formula "Sub-metric index" is applied, in which( height of the foot) is divided into( length of the foot).more than 31 high arch 29-31 norm, 27-29 flat-footed 1st st., 25-27 flat feet of the 2 nd st., less than 25 platypodia 3rd instar
Degrees of longitudinal flatfoot measured Radiographically
I degree: angle of the arch 131- 140 degrees, height of the arch 35-25mm. There are no deformities of the foot bones.
II degree: the corner of the vault is 141-155 degrees, the height of the vault is 24-17 mm. The talus bone is shortened, its neck is not underlined. There may be phenomena of deforming arthrosis in the talon-navicular articulation or calcification of the ligamentous apparatus on the back surface of the foot.
III degree: the corner of the roof is 156 degrees and above, the height of the arch is less than 17 mm. A small protrusion on the plantar surface of the calcaneus becomes massive. There is also a flattening and a transverse arch, subtracting the contracture of one finger, the foot is penetrated, the heel is deflected to the outside. See Annex 3.
Degrees of transverse flatfoot:
( this is when the curvature of the thumb and grows "bones")
I degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 10-12 degrees, angle of deviation 1 finger 15-20 degrees.
II degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 13-15 degrees angle of deviation 1 finger 21-30 degrees.
III degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 16-20 degrees, angle of deviation 1 finger 31-40 degrees.
IV degree: the angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones is more than 20 grades, the angle of deviation of 1 finger is more than 40 grades.
If you are interested in how to CLEAR flatfoot and "bones" near the thumb of the foot, see My My ONE-SITE hallus-valgus on the People
Flattening can and should be treated!
Massage and stubborn exercises!
With flat feet, poor cushioning, constant micro-concussions of the spinal cord and brain, headaches.

_

stand with wet( wet) feet on the floor.look at the footprint.compare with the track of a healthy person( parents, friends, someone who does not have 100% flat feet) the more your footprint is "flattened" compared to the "normal" track, the more flat your

is. How to define flat feet?

Julia

There is an uncomplicated method for determining the presence of flatfoot. You need to take a fat cream and a piece of paper. Lubricate the sole with the cream and step on the paper. Stand steadily, leaning on the entire foot, otherwise the result may be erroneous. Now carefully consider your mark. Normally, the internal edge of the foot is notched, which in the middle occupies more than half of the foot. If this recess is not at all or it is narrow( half of the foot and less) - this indicates the presence of flat feet. There are other signs that indicate the presence of flat feet:
after the physical load of the foot aches a bit( the first stage of the disease);
by the evening the feet are tired and swollen;
pain covers the entire leg up to the knee joint( second stage of flatfoot);
in the third stage of the disease, the lower back begins to ache, and walking( in the shoes) becomes a torment. Pain in the legs can be combined with persistent headaches;
leg seems to have grown - you have to buy shoes for size larger;
on old shoes heels are worn on the inside.
However, these signs may not correspond to flat feet, but to another disease - for example, vascular or endocrine, so it is still necessary to consult a doctor. Complete cure of flat feet is possible only in childhood. In adults, the development of the disease can only be slowed down. Sincerely, Julia. Clearly, you can see - A-norm;B-anomaly.

Sergey Vladimirovich

go to honey.commission to the military registration and enlistment office: D

RootEx

Coat the leg with oil( sunflower) and step on a piece of paper.
If there is no pronounced * pits * on the inside of the foot, then the flatfoot. ..

Elena Shumova

moisten the foot and put it without pressure on the paper.if the entire stop is printed, it is a flat foot.when it is notch- is not.

tatyanauspenskaya

look at the wet foot trail, should be inside a large notch( about a third of the width)

Vika Nekrasova

The most common way is to wet the foot and become a foot on the floor or on a surface where the print will be clearly visible. The foot should be imprinted, and the dimple that is on the foot - no. If the full stop is printed completely, this is a flatfoot.
explained in her own words. Sorry, if you do not understand)

Marta

StopaHow to determine if you have a normal stop?
Method of planotography.
To obtain a planogram( foot print) at home, it is necessary: ​​
• sit on a chair whose height is such that the angles in the hip and knee joints of the test subject are equal to 90 °;
• apply gouache or iodine to the sole surface of the foot;
• gently place your feet on a sheet of paper( Format A4), lying on the floor before the test;
• stand up, evenly distributing the weight on both feet, and stay in this position for a few seconds.
Determination of the degree of longitudinal flatfoot
• from the center of the heel imprint, draw a line to the interdigital space of the third and fourth fingers;
• designate the most prominent points of the inner contour of the foot in the anterior and heel areas and connect them with the tangent AK;
• to the center of the tangent to restore the perpendicular to the intersection with the first line;
• divide the resulting segment into three equal parts. The numbering starts from the inside of the print to the outer one.
I degree of flatfoot - the internal contour of the imprint falls on the first interval;
II degree of flatfoot - the inner contour of the imprint falls on the second interval;
III degree of flatfoot - the inner contour of the imprint falls on the third interval.
Determination of transverse flatfoot
• on the footprint, we find the most prominent points on the inner and outer side of the forefoot - points A and B, corresponding to the heads of the 1st and 5th metatarsal bones, and connect them together;
• through point B on the outside of the print and the most protruding point of the heel we draw a tangent to which we restore the perpendicular from point D - the extreme back point of the heel imprint, we get the point E;
• on the most protruding edge of the big( or second) finger, put the point P. DP - the length of the print.
• the value of the DP segment is multiplied by 0.16 and laid off from the point E in the straight line BE.We obtain the point C. CE = 0.16 * DP;
• from point C, we restore the perpendicular to the line BE.CC ¢ - mid-heel axis;
• divide the segment CC ¢ in half, we obtain the point F - the average heel point;
• divide the segment AB in half and obtain the point Z;
• we connect the points F and Z, we get the conditional axis of the foot
• from the points A and B we draw the lines AN and BR parallel to the FZ( the conventional axis of the foot)
• from the points A and B we draw the lines AP and BQ through the extreme front points of the prints 1 and5 fingers.
Normally, the angle at the first finger( angle NAP) is less than 18 °, and the angle at the fifth finger( angle QBR) is less than 12 °
photo of the foot in the source on the link

Aya ZZ

Calling the orthopedist is easiest. You can do it yourself. Stop wet and stand on a piece of paper. Plane feathering is not present, if in the field of rise - a dry space, and under the fourth-third fingers too it is dry. But this is amateur performance. Go to a specialist. And only then to the military enlistment office.

LiZ

with a wet foot, for example, on the parquet and look at the imprint.there must be a relatively large notch

hallus valgus

There are several methods of testing on the flatfoot
On the print
This technique you already told Martha. I will not talk.
Although I will make a reservation that this method is inaccurate in that the trace will depend on how to smear, how to become and so on.
A ruler in the distance from the floor to the top surface of the scaphoid
X-ray diffraction
A good and quick picture can be seen on the Plantoscope( a kind of stool made of thick glass, viewed from the bottom to the bottom)
An objective measurement is taken either from the x-ray image or from the foot,ruler. Measure the distances between the tuberosity of the scaphoid bone and the support surface. In adult men, this distance should be at least 4 cm, in adult women - at least 3.5 cm. If the corresponding figures are below the indicated boundaries, a decrease in the longitudinal arch is noted.
Even to determine the degree of flatfoot, the formula "Sub-metric index" is used, in which( height of the foot) is divided into( length of the foot).more than 31 high arch 29-31 norm, 27-29 flat-footed 1st st., 25-27 flat feet of the 2 nd st., less than 25 platypodia 3rd instar
Degrees of longitudinal flatfoot measured Radiographically
I degree: angle of the arch 131- 140 degrees, height of the arch 35-25mm. There are no deformities of the foot bones.
II degree: the corner of the vault is 141-155 degrees, the height of the vault is 24-17 mm. The talus bone is shortened, its neck is not underlined. There may be phenomena of deforming arthrosis in the talon-navicular articulation or calcification of the ligamentous apparatus on the back surface of the foot.
III degree: the arch corner is 156 degrees and above, the arch height is less than 17 mm. A small protrusion on the plantar surface of the calcaneus becomes massive. There is also a flattening and a transverse arch, subtracting the contracture of one finger, the foot is penetrated, the heel is deflected to the outside. See Annex 3.
Degrees of transverse flatfoot:
( this is when the curvature of the thumb and grows "bones")
I degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 10-12 degrees, angle of deviation 1 finger 15-20 degrees.
II degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 13-15 degrees angle of deviation 1 finger 21-30 degrees.
III degree: angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones 16-20 degrees, angle of deviation 1 finger 31-40 degrees.
IV degree: the angle between 1 and 2 metatarsal bones is more than 20 degrees, the angle of deviation of 1 finger is more than 40 degrees.
If you are interested in CLEARING the flatfoot and the "bones" near the thumb of the foot, see My My ONE-SITE hallus-valgus website on the
People Flattening can and should be treated!
Massage and stubborn exercises!
With flat feet, poor cushioning, constant micro-concussions of the spinal cord and brain, headaches.

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