The development of flatfoot in humans is associated with

Flat-foot: species, causes, signs

Imagine that we are still walking on all fours. Uncomfortable, right? But we have no problems with osteochondrosis and flat feet.

But once our distant ancestors decided to walk on two legs, and this entailed a change in the structure of the spine and foot. We will not talk about the spine, but let's talk about the flat-footed .

In the process of evolution, the structure of the human foot has acquired a unique design( see figure).Normally, the foot has two arches - longitudinal( along the inner edge of the foot) and transverse( between the bases of the fingers).

Both arches of the foot are designed to maintain balance and protect the body from shaking when walking

As you can see, this structure of the foot serves as a shock absorber.

But if the arches of the foot are flattened and flattened, the shaking during walking is forced to compensate the spine, as well as the joints of the legs. Since they are not designed for this function, they cope with it quite badly and quickly fail. As a result, a man with a flatfoot develops arthroses and scoliosis.

According to statistics, a lot of the planet's population suffers from flat feet.

Flat-footed is congenital and acquired. Congenital platypodia, as a rule, arises against the background of congenital insufficiency of connective tissue. Up to 5-6 years of age it is very difficult to determine it.

Traumatic flat feet can be formed after a fracture of the ankles, calcaneus, tarsometric bones.

Ricky flatfoot develops due to the load on the weakened bones of the foot.

The development of static flatfoot( 81%) is due to weakness of the leg and foot muscles, ligament apparatus and bones.

Causes of flatfoot development

The most common cause is a lack or excess load on the legs. This can be caused, for example, by incorrect footwear.

For the correct formation of the arch of the foot, a constant training of muscles and ligaments of the foot is necessary. Walking on hard grass, stones, sand force muscles and ligaments. Without load, the muscles of the feet weaken( like any muscles without work) and do not support the foot in a raised state. As a result, flat feet occur.

In adults, more often static flat feet, which is associated with excessive strain on the legs. What is excessive load on the legs? It is overweight, a long standing on the legs, pregnancy, high-heeled walking.

Wearing fashionable high heels greatly overloads the forefoot. In shoes with high heels and with sharp noses, the woman leans not on the entire foot, but only on the heads of metatarsal bones, which leads to deformation of the foot and the development of flat feet.

A profession that involves a long stay on your feet, such as a hairdresser, a waiter, a salesman, etc., practically ensures the development of flat feet.

Approximately 3% of people get a flat-footed "inherited" from their parents. In many, it develops due to diseases: rickets, poliomyelitis, diabetes mellitus. There are entire populations at risk of flatfoot development.

Women suffer from flat feet four times more often than men. The risk factors include: uncomfortable shoes, a long standing on the legs, overweight, pregnancy, high-heeled walking.

Symptoms of Flatfoot

To determine if you have a flatfoot or not, do the following test. Lubricate the soles of the feet with cream or water and step on the paper. It is necessary to stand steadily, leaning on the entire foot, otherwise the result may be erroneous. After this, you should carefully consider your track( see figure).Normally, at the inner edge of the foot there is a notch( there is no print here), which in the middle occupies more than half of the foot. If this recess is not at all or it is narrow( half of the foot and smaller) - hence, you have flat feet.

There are a few other signs that the flatfoot can be suspected of.

  • If after a physical exercise the foot aches a bit( the first stage of the disease);
  • In the evening, the feet become tired and swollen, the pain covers the entire leg up to the knee joint( second stage of flatfoot);

In the third stage of the disease, the lower back begins to ache, and walking( in shoes) becomes a torment.

Pain in the legs can be combined with persistent headaches;the leg as if grown - you have to buy shoes for a bigger size;The foot became wide enough to not fit into your favorite shoes;on the old shoes heels are worn on the inside.

However, these signs may not correspond to flat feet, but to another disease - for example, vascular or endocrine, so you still need to see a doctor.

Platypus types

Longitudinal flat-foot

Occurs with functional overload or fatigue of the anterior and posterior tibial muscles.

The longitudinal arch of the foot loses its cushioning properties, and under the action of the long and short fibular muscles the foot gradually turns inside.

Short flexors of the fingers, plantar aponeurosis and ligamentous apparatus of the foot are unable to support the longitudinal arch. The scaphoid bone settles and, as a result, the flattened longitudinal arch of the foot is flattened.

The risk of developing this type of flatfoot is most often experienced by people with a large mass. The more weight, the greater the load on the feet, the more pronounced the longitudinal flat feet.

More often from this pathology women suffer. Longitudinal platypodia occurs most often at the age of 16-25 years.

Transverse platypodia

The development of this type of flatfoot depends on the weakness of the plantar aponeurosis in combination with the same reasons as for longitudinal flatfoot.

Symptoms of transverse flatfoot are very characteristic. This is a wide front part of the foot, projecting inward, enlarged due to bone-cartilaginous growths head of the first metatarsal bone. It is often called "bone" or "gout".The deviation of the big toe outwardly or, otherwise, the Hallucks valgus, the painful tread on the sole side, the hammer-like deformation of the second and sometimes third fingers, calluses on the fingers.

The more deformation, the more patients complain of pain, difficulty in selecting and using shoes, quick fatigue.

The transverse flatfoot, as a rule, is combined with the curvature of the first toe to the outside.

Transverse platypodia occurs most often at the age of 35-50 years.

Often both forms of flatfoot are combined. Flat feet do not die, of course, but its development leads to a number of problems, including back pain, knee and hip joints, postural disorders and other consequences that reduce the quality of life. Therefore, special attention should be paid to timely diagnosis and prevention of flatfoot.

Treatment of flat feet

With the help of conservative treatment it is impossible to eliminate the already existing deformities of the feet with flat feet. Complete cure of flat feet is possible only in childhood. In adults, the development of the disease can only be slowed down. The correction of flatfoot has the following goals: to strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot and not let the foot "fall apart" further;protect the entire body, and above all the spine, from overloads;prevent the development of complications - arthrosis of small joints of the foot, deformation of the fingers and diseases of the spine.

Treatment of flat feet includes several main directions. To relieve pain, use drugs and physiotherapy.

To correct the natural form of the foot, use corrective insoles( arch supports).Correctly selected insoles allow not only to get rid of pain, but also regulate muscle tone by its shape.

Supinators are of different types:

  • inserts under the forefoot are used when flattening the longitudinal arch;
  • backs - allow to reduce the load on the heels and pain in them;
  • interdigital inserts allow to move apart the large and second finger on the legs, thereby preventing the progressive deviation of the thumb outwards;
  • the best option is the insole with the instep under the heel and the pronator for the front section.

This insole, as it were, "twists" the foot - while the muscles are subjected to less tensile forces and, thus, are in working conditions.

The best quality insteps are made to order after examination, removal of foot sizes and establishing the level of flattening of the arch. The materials from which the arch supports are made have evolved: from cork, the most ancient and sufficiently effective, to synthetic( from europlastic, supralene, silicone), and also from soft foam material.

For special knee-high shoes special model foot insteps have been developed, without a front part. They are suitable, by the way, for any shoes, because they also unload the front section of the foot. It is necessary, however, to make a reservation that these devices only mitigate the harm from high heels. They can not remove it. Therefore, the recommendation not to abuse such shoes remains in force.

For outdoor sandals, there are special pads that make of silicone or leather. With transverse flatfoot, pads are suitable in the form of a drop, with mixed - in the form of a letter T. They are cheaper than a normal arch supports, but it is difficult to find the exact place they need. Therefore, for frequent use, pads are not suitable.

For sports, you can use instep arresters, covered with a special fabric, which absorbs moisture well and is easily washed. But they can only be used in shoes with an even inner surface, without a built-in arch support.

When the blood supply of the legs is disturbed( for example, with diabetes mellitus), the feet become especially vulnerable, and the flat feet develops by leaps and bounds. Especially for diabetics, joints without seams have been created, covered with soft material - plastazot. Diabetic insteps are designed to ensure maximum safety of footsteps. Price they have higher than traditional models.

When the flat foot is launched, special orthopedic footwear is produced in the form of shoes with lacing, solid sole and lateral support of the foot. These shoes are made to order, according to the plaster cast.

With sharp deformation of the thumb, constant pain and the inability to pick up shoes, one has to resort to surgical treatment. However, artificially create a normal form of the foot and restore its functions is not always possible, and the recovery period after such operations is quite long.

For the treatment of flatfoot and its prevention, there are also massage and physiotherapy exercises.

Prevention of flatfoot

Prevention can be done at home. The basic rules are as follows: it is harmful to walk in tight uncomfortable shoes, wear high heels, run a lot, stand for a long time. It is necessary to give rest to legs more often - to regularly do gymnastics of feet, massage, baths. And especially to follow your feet when you are over 40.

For the prevention of flat feet in children, you need to carefully select the shoes that will be worn by the child. The child should not wear other people's shoes. A loose shoe of foreign shoes incorrectly distributes the load on the feet. Children's shoes should be with a small heel, a hard back and soft instep - to compensate for the lack of cones and stones under your feet, it ensures the correct formation of the foot.

To properly form a foot, children need not only good shoes. Meaning and nutrition. The connective tissue in its composition is somewhat similar to bone tissue. And in exactly the same way it suffers from rickets, that is, the wrong phosphoric-calcium metabolism in the body. With a lack of calcium, as is known, bones become soft and deformed under the influence of weight and muscles, and the connective tissue of the foot ceases to be elastic and elastic, and similarly obeys the pressure of body weight.

So, even if your baby does not have signs of rickets, do not forget about flat feet - another consequence of calcium deficiency. So, support in the daily diet of the child a sufficient amount of rich in phosphorus and calcium products. Do not forget about a sufficient number of sunbathing or preventive intake of vitamin D in the winter.

Natalia Novitskaya

medpopul.ru

Flat feet - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF

Flattening is the most common deformation of feet. Directly the foot performs the function of human support, movement and depreciation due to a complex structure. In a normal physiological structure, the foot has two arches - a transverse( between the bases of the fingers) and a longitudinal( along the inner edge of the foot).Vaults carry the function of shock absorbers and soften shaking when walking. The bone-ligamentous apparatus of the foot works well when the load that falls on the foot is completely balanced. With the weakening of the muscles and ligaments that connect the 26 bones of the foot, subsidence of the arches and flattening occur, which leads to loss of the spring function. With flatfoot this function goes to the spine, knee, ankle and hip joint. These joints are not intended to perform this function and cope badly with it, and therefore quickly fail.

Causes of flatfoot formation.

There are quite a few states that lead to flat feet, here are some of them.

  • Congenital flat foot is a fairly rare pathology found in 11.5% of the total number of foot diseases. The cause may be various pathologies of intrauterine development of the fetus, due to ionizing radiation, harmful habits of the mother.
  • Children with rickets develop a rickety foot, as a result of a decrease in the production of vitamin D, the strength of bones decreases under mechanical stress, the musculoskeletal apparatus is weakened.
  • Paralytic platypodia develops after the transferred poliomyelitis, and the degree of flatfoot is directly dependent on the severity of paralysis.
  • Traumatic platypodia develops in fractures of the foot bones or with improperly intergrown fractures.
  • Static flatfoot is one of the most common types of flatfoot. The main reasons for it are reduced muscle tone, excessive fatigue due to prolonged stay on the legs.

Symptoms of flat feet.

Usually a person who spends a lot of time on his feet does not notice the development of flat feet, and the appearance of pains and unpleasant sensations in the legs and feet is associated with fatigue. There are several basic signs on which you can suspect the development of this terrible disease in yourself.

• Your legs begin to swell by the end of the day, marks of socks appear, there may be a feeling of heaviness and cramps that may not be long and pass after the massage • You begin to notice that the length of the working day remains the same and the legs are fatigued much faster.• Shoes start to wear out much faster than before, mostly on the inside.• Periodically creates the feeling that the leg has increased in length, and because of this, you have to buy shoes for a size larger.

There are several stages of foot deformation, the passage of which leads to complete clinical flat feet. The prodromal stage, the stage of alternating flat foot, the stage of development of the flat foot, the stage of flat-footed foot and the contractual flatfoot are distinguished.

The first stage of flatfoot is manifested by pain in the foot and gastrocnemius muscle after a long load on the foot, a statistical nature, a pronounced feeling of fatigue appears.

In the , the intermittent flatness stage is characterized by pain intensification towards the end of the day, the pain arises from overexertion of the ligamentous foot apparatus which maintains the optimal position of the foot. Increased fatigue often appears in the middle of the day, and people with flat feet have to change their activities or more often rest. The longitudinal arch of the foot at the end of the working day visually flattened, but after rest, especially in the mornings, the height of the vault is restored.

The stage of development of flat foot occurs when, due to further overfatigue of the leg and foot muscles, the longitudinal arch of the foot is not restored to rest after rest. The patient quickly develops fatigue due to fatigue of the muscles. The pain becomes permanent and aching due to overstretching of the ligamentous apparatus. The height of the longitudinal arch decreases due to the elongation of the foot and the expansion of its longitudinal part. The gait changes, the amount of movement in the foot joint is limited. In this stage of the disease there are three degrees.

Diagnostic measures for flat feet.

In addition to clinical signs, there are several methods that can determine the severity of this pathology. These include planktonography, the analysis of the face line, the dodging and clinical and radiographic methods of diagnosis.

Plantography - a method that allows the determination of the expression of flat feet with the help of prints. The feet are smeared with methylene blue solution, then the footprints are made on a blank sheet of paper, working on the feet evenly with all the weight.

Patternogram

Friedland's method is the determination of the percentage of height of the foot and its length.

The clinical method of measurement is to construct a triangle with a base equal to the distance from the metatarsal head I to the heel of the calcaneus. The top of the triangle is at the top of the inner ankle, one leg extends to the apex of the calcaneal angle, the other to the head I of metatarsal bone. Normally, the height of the vault is 55 - 60 cm.

The X-ray method is based on the construction of a triangle on the lateral radiograph of the foot that connects the apex of the heel of the calcaneus with the metatarsal I head, and the vertex of the triangle falls on the lower edge of the scaphoid bone, the vertex angle should normally be 120- 130 degrees.

Determination of the degree of flatfoot by X-ray.

Flat-footedness is one of those diseases with which young people are not called to military service( service in the army).II and III degrees of the disease are an absolute contraindication for service in the armed forces. This is due to the large power loads that a man with a flatfoot can not bear. Otherwise, the pain syndrome may increase, and in the future, with the preservation of this load, go to one of many complications.

Flat feet in children.

Newborns are characterized by well-defined arches of feet, but the children's foot is filled with fatty tissue, and when viewed it appears flat. Since 3 years, there has been a significant strengthening and development of the ligamentous apparatus, due to which there is a significant increase in the height of the arch and the foot begins to acquire the appearance of the foot of an adult person. The older the child, the more pronounced the vaulted structure. Thus, the external flat feet of a child can not be taken as a true disease.

The development of flat feet in children is promoted by congenital disorders of the ligamentous apparatus, muscle weakness, obesity, endocrine diseases, improperly selected footwear. Due to its anatomical features, the definition of flat feet in children by the fingerprint method is not always informative and can give a false result.

Very often, children can not complain about leg pain or discomfort, so periodic examination by an orthopedic doctor is an integral part of the annual medical check-up. Treatment of flat feet in children is reduced to rest, temporary prohibition of exercise, massage of the plantar part and walking barefoot on uneven surfaces, it is possible to design orthopedic insoles.

Treatment of flat feet.

Treat flat feet is difficult, and it will not be possible to say with certainty after a period of time that this disease is a thing of the past. Completely get rid of this pathology can only be in childhood, because the ligamentous apparatus and the bone system is pliable enough. In adult patients, this disease can only be stopped with the help of special rehabilitation measures.

Parents need to remember - "the earlier the symptoms of flatfoot, the more favorable conditions for stopping the progression."

Treatment should be combined and include removal of the pain syndrome, strengthening of the ligamentous apparatus and the muscles of the foot. To relieve the pain, you need to use anesthetic ointments with a relaxing effect and physiotherapy.

To begin the treatment is necessary with gymnastics, which can be performed daily at home. The therapeutic form of gymnastics is used to achieve correction of the arch of the foot, strengthens the muscles, trains the ligament apparatus, forms the correct type of gait. There is a large number of exercises that are selected individually and depend on age, complaints, position of the foot and its shape. All exercises and their intensity to you will be picked up by an orthopedist.

Treatment in the stage of flat deformation of the foot should be strictly differentiated, along with exercise therapy and massage it is necessary to wear insoles in order to relieve the painful areas and correct the deficiencies in the initial stage of the disease and orthopedic footwear at grade II, and at grade III it is often shownsurgical treatment.

With congenital planovalgus deformation of a foot of easy degree, children are treated with foot and shin massage, therapeutic physical training. When a child begins to walk, it is necessary to make orthopedic shoes for him. With insufficiently effective treatment and late treatment, surgical treatment is indicated.

The correct choice of shoes is of great importance in the treatment of flat feet. Beautiful shoes with high heels, of course, decorate the legs of any fashionista, but do not wear them all the time. Otherwise, after a short time you will only need to wear orthopedic shoes. When choosing shoes, pay special attention to the flexibility and comfort of the sole, the height of the heel( not more than 3-4 cm), it is better to avoid shoes on the platform and excessively wide or narrow.

Complications of flatfoot.

• Strabism in walking, curvature of the spine, unnatural posture • Pain in the knees, hips, back and feet • Dystrophic changes in the muscles of the legs and back • Disease of the feet themselves( deformity, curvature of the fingers, calluses, spurs, neuritis) • Diseases of the spine(herniated intervertebral discs, osteochondrosis), hip and knee joint diseases • Growth of nails.

Prevention of flatfoot.

To prevent the development of flat feet, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures every week. The priority that needs to be done is to choose the right footwear, exclude the wearing of shoes with high heels, the optimal height is 3 - 4 cm. Periodically conduct an examination with an orthopedic doctor, at least once a year. People who have any problems with their legs should be examined more often. It is also necessary to do gymnastics and do physical exercises for the feet. Foot baths and massage will help relax the muscles and relieve tension after a hard day. It is necessary to get rid of excess weight, as it contributes to an additional burden on the spine and legs.

Doctor therapist Zhumagaziev E.N.

medicalj.ru

traumatic platypodia develops due to injured bones of the feet( fractures, dislocations, etc.) or surgical intervention

Paralytic platypodia occurs in people with paralysis of some muscle groups of the lower limbs, which has arisen as a complication of poliomyelitis

Ricket platypoda , as the name suggests, is provoked by rickets. Rickets is a serious disease of the bone system associated with a deficiency of calcium and vitamin D. The bones lose their elasticity and easily deform, like clay.

Static flatfoot is the most common form of the disease. This is an acquired disease and it is caused by an incorrect way of life. Excess weight, non-physiological footwear, professions with increased strain on the feet - these are the sources of static flatfoot. As research shows, about 80% of cases of flat feet - this is the static version of the disease.

Valgus flatfoot is more common in children. With this pathology, not only the arches of the foot decrease, but the axis of its normal position also changes. The foot is turned inward, when walking the whole surface of the sole is pressed against the floor.

Platypodia: the degree of the disease

Depending on the level of deformation and the severity of the consequences, three degrees of flatfoot are distinguished.

  • The first degree almost does not bother the patient, since it has no painful manifestations. This is rather a cosmetic defect - the leg slightly loses the grace of form.
  • The second degree is called intermittent flatfoot and already makes itself felt periodically arising unpleasant sensations - pain, increased fatigue, changes in gait, calluses and corns.
  • The third degree is characterized by complete deformation of the foot and causes serious troubles - pains spread to large joints( knee, hip) and spine, arthroses and intervertebral hernias occur, walking is severely hampered, sports activities are impossible.

The characteristics of the degrees of flatfoot differ depending on its type.

Degrees of longitudinal flatfoot are determined by measuring the angle of the arch of the foot and its height.

I degree - the angle of the arch 130 - 140о, height 35 - 25 mm;

II degree - angle 140 - 155o, height 25 - 16 mm;

III degree - angle greater than 155o, height less than 16mm

The degrees of transverse flatfoot are determined by the angle between the first and second metatarsal bones.

I degree - up to 12o

III degree - 15 - 20 and more.

Flat-footedness: symptoms, diagnosis, consequences

Flat-footedness is far from harmless. Therefore, a timely diagnosis of flatfoot is very important. Our foot is the foundation for the entire skeleton, and its incorrect position entails displacement in the joints of the legs and, as a consequence, a disruption of the normal setting of the spine. And since the spine is responsible for the work of all organs and systems without exception, the health of the whole organism is under threat. This is not counting pains, seizures and increased fatigue of the lower extremities, degenerative changes in the knee, hip and ankle joints, varicose veins, the appearance of painful bone and callous growths. If you do not struggle with this condition, the quality of life will greatly drop.

What are the symptoms that should trigger an alarm?

Periodically appearing pain in the feet, visible deformation of the feet, a decrease in their arches and curvature of the axis, clubfoot, changes in gait. Particular attention is required for children's flat feet, because children's bones have not lost their plasticity and, having started treatment in time, it is possible to improve the situation. Launched the same "adult" platypodia is almost impossible to cure, here all measures will be aimed at compensating for the harm caused by the flatfoot.

Diagnosis of flatfoot is carried out using a set of methods.

  • Plantography .An ingenious and extremely simple method, available at home. The feet are greased with a thick cream, after which the patient is asked to stand barefoot on a clean white sheet of paper. It is necessary to stand straight, in a natural position. After two three minutes, the traces on the paper are clearly imprinted, the picture of which will tell you eloquently whether you have a flat foot or not.
  • Radiography .The usual and usual X-ray.
  • Subdomain. Calculations based on the measurement of the angles of the arch of the foot and its height.

In addition, the doctor will listen carefully to all complaints of the patient and will collect a detailed anamnesis.

Methods of treating flatfoot

As we already noted above, it is impossible to completely heal the pronounced flat feet( second and third degree) in an adult due to the stiffness of the bone skeleton. But it is possible to compensate for the pathological conditions caused by flatfoot, and also to slow down its further development. Let's talk about what flatfoot therapies exist and can help us.

You need to start with shoes. Sadly, if you are diagnosed flat feet, you will have to abandon the model narrow shoes with high heels. It is best to use a special orthopedic footwear, which provides the most natural position of the feet when walking. If there is no possibility to constantly wear such "medical" shoes, be sure to order orthopedic frame insoles - arch supports. They invest in casual shoes. The rigid frame of such insoles forcibly forms absent arches of the foot, removing the basic symptoms of flatfoot. You need to wear insteps constantly.

If you have extra pounds, it is better to get rid of them. And for healthy bones, healthy nutrition will be beneficial. Do not forget to eat foods that contain calcium and promote its absorption( fermented milk products, cottage cheese, fish, nuts, vegetables, etc.).It is advisable to use vitamin complexes with vitamin D.

Massage is another integral component of flatfoot treatment. Massage can be of two kinds - manual and natural. A natural massage consists of walking barefoot on a relief surface. It can be a rug with protrusions or a surface that is densely paved with pebbles. Walking on the ground or on sand is also welcomed, if not threatened with all sorts of cuts, splints and other injuries.

An important role in the treatment and prevention of flatfoot plays the special gymnastics .Exercises with flat feet should help strengthen the muscles of the foot, the elasticity of the ligaments and the flexibility of the joints.

The peculiarity of combating flatfoot is that it must be done regularly and constantly, throughout life, otherwise the disease will inevitably progress.

ibeauty-health.com

Why does flatfoot appear?

Olga Brut

By origin, flat feet distinguish the congenital flat foot, traumatic, paralytic and static. Congenital flat feet should not be established earlier than 5-6 years of age, since all elements of a flat foot are defined in all children younger than this age. However, in approximately 3% of all cases of flatfoot, a flat foot is congenital.
Traumatic platypodia - a consequence of a fracture of the ankles, calcaneus, tarsometric bones. Paralytic flat foot is the result of paralysis of the plantar muscles of the foot and muscles starting on the shin( the consequence of Poliomyelitis).
Ricky flat feet due to body burden on weakened bones of the foot.
Static flat feet( occurring most often 82.1%) is due to weakness of the leg and foot muscles, ligament apparatus and bones. The causes of the development of static flatfoot may be different - weight gain, standing work, muscle strength decrease with physiological aging, lack of training in the persons of sedentary professions, etc. Internal causes contributing to the development of foot deformities include hereditary predisposition toexternal reasons - overload of feet associated with the profession( a woman with a normal foot structure, who spends 7-8 hours behind the counter or in a weaving workshop, may eventually acquire this disease), managementhouseholds, wearing non-rational shoes( narrow, uncomfortable).
When walking on the "hairpin" there is a redistribution of the load: from the heel it moves to the area of ​​the transverse arch, which does not stand it, is deformed, which gives rise to a transverse flatfoot.
The main symptoms of longitudinal flat feet - pain in the foot, changing its outlines.

LADY IN BLACK

It does not appear, it is congenital. ..

Marishka

Overweight, from weak ligaments of metatarsal joint

Anna Ivanova

from shoes, load on legs or from birth

Anya

Causes of flatfoot
The most common cause is incorrect load on the legs due to:
• Wearing uncomfortable, unsuitable shoes, high heels
• Heredity of
• Diseases( rickets, poliomyelitis, diabetes)
• Excess weight of
• Pregnancy
• Longstanding on the legs
Flattening is more often acquired, but occurs against the background of congenital insufficiency of connective tissue, hereditary subtilism.
And one of the unfavorable factors of development is improperly made shoes. Flat-footed fashionable women pay for high heels and narrow socks for shoes, when the feet do not rest on the whole foot, but only on the heads of metatarsal bones.
The first and earliest signs of flatfoot: soon coming fatigue while walking, running, and with the progression of the disease and while on the legs in general, aching pain in the foot, leg muscles and lower back, swelling feet of the field of the day spent on the legs. Such swelling often disappears during sleep, but the next day appear again.
Adults often have static flat feet, which is associated with excessive strain on the legs. The main reason for this, above all, is overweight. Suffer and people whose profession involves a long standing on their feet - hairdressers, sellers, machine operators. These people are at a risk for acquiring flatfoot as well as surgeons, who spend hours at the operating table.
Flattening in its early stages, when only the first signs are visible, can be cured by contacting the orthopedist. He will pick up special gymnastics, which is the basis of treatment.
In addition, the usual exercises for strengthening the musculoskeletal system will also be good. In addition, warm baths are recommended on an ongoing basis, foot and shin massage.
If the flatfoot is already running, the treatment will be much longer. In such cases, it is recommended to wear orthopedic shoes, services of professional masseurs, and this is both a massage by hand, and a hardware massage. In particularly serious cases, you have to resort to operations on the bone system. Http://www.it-med.ru /library/p/ ploskostopie.htm useful information about the platypodia

Dmitry

I GLUCTION Do not you, why did you steal my answer?. .

Than dangerousflat feet? Can it develop throughout life? How is it treated?

Boris Aizikovich

Dangerous with a violation of posture and all the consequences + trophism, which leads to varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. To treat complexly, but first of all exercise therapy and normal shoes + massage. It often occurs in childhood, but sometimes it develops in older age. Genetic predisposition

Personal Cabinet Removed

Usually flat feet in young people develops closer to the age of conscription. And disappears on the way out of it.

Vasilisa

With flat feet there is no temperature, and in the initial stage nothing hurts at all. Should I worry? The answer is unequivocal - worth it! It is necessary to monitor the state of the feet from infancy. Because the human foot is unique. It springs! None, even the highest jumping and fast-running animal, such as a kangaroo or a jaguar, can boast of this amazing ability. The question is, why should we "spring"?To the body did not experience overload and stress when walking or running. And accordingly did not wear out, did not hurt. A healthy foot provides us with comfortable living conditions and longevity. A spring stop due to the unique design, which supports the system of ligaments and muscles. When this muscular-ligament mechanism for some reason weakens, flat feet develop.
A man with a flatfoot is likened to a mechanism with rigid steel wheels moving along a cobblestone pavement. The shock wave, not extinguished by the springy arch of the foot, spreads up the skeleton. Loads( and very significant) are given to the joints, the spine and even the brain. The main cushion from walking takes care of the spine, as a result of which it wears out more quickly and weakens. There are all kinds of pinch of intervertebral discs and a corresponding bouquet of ailments. Man does not even suspect that many of his acute pains result from a "simple" flatfoot.
In addition to the back, the head, of course, legs can hurt. With running flat feet there is deformation of the foot, a so-called painful bone on the thumb grows. Violated blood circulation of the lower extremities, the ankles swell and hurt. There are changes in the area of ​​knee joints. It's getting harder to walk. There is a rapid fatigue. Women suffer from flat feet four times more often than men. The risk factors include: uncomfortable shoes, a long standing on the legs, overweight, pregnancy, high-heel walking
The most common reason is a lack or excess of load on the legs. This can be caused, for example, by incorrect footwear. Approximately 3% of people get a flat foot "inherited" from the father or mother. In many, it develops due to diseases: rickets, poliomyelitis, diabetes mellitus. There are entire populations at risk of flatfoot development.
Treatment of flat feet includes several main directions. To relieve the pain, use medicines, therapeutic foot massage and physiotherapy.
For correcting the natural form of the foot, use corrective insoles( arch supports).Correctly selected insoles allow not only to get rid of pain, but also regulate muscle tone by its shape.

With flat feet there is no temperature, and in the initial stage nothing hurts at all. Should I worry? The answer is unequivocal - worth it! It is necessary to monitor the state of the feet from infancy. Because the human foot is unique. It springs! None, even the highest jumping and fast-running animal, such as a kangaroo or a jaguar, can boast of this amazing ability. The question is, why should we "spring"?To the body did not experience overload and stress when walking or running. And accordingly did not wear out, did not hurt. A healthy foot provides us with comfortable living conditions and longevity. A spring stop due to the unique design, which supports the system of ligaments and muscles. When this muscular-ligament mechanism for some reason weakens, flat feet develop.
A man with a flatfoot is likened to a mechanism with rigid steel wheels moving along a cobblestone pavement. The shock wave, not extinguished by the springy arch of the foot, spreads up the skeleton. Loads( and very significant) are given to the joints, the spine and even the brain. The main cushion from walking takes care of the spine, as a result of which it wears out more quickly and weakens. There are all kinds of pinch of intervertebral discs and a corresponding bouquet of ailments. Man does not even suspect that many of his acute pains result from a "simple" flatfoot.
In addition to the back, the head, of course, legs can hurt. With running flat feet there is deformation of the foot, a so-called painful bone on the thumb grows. Violated blood circulation of the lower extremities, the ankles swell and hurt. There are changes in the area of ​​knee joints. It's getting harder to walk. There is a rapid fatigue.
Causes of flatfoot. Read more
Flat-footedness is congenital, but more often it's a misadventure. In children, flat feet, as a rule, arises against the background of congenital insufficiency of connective tissue, while one of the important factors in the development of the disease is incorrectly picked up shoes.
In adults, more often static flat feet, which is associated with excessive strain on the legs. What leads to it? First of all, overweight: it lies on the feet of an exorbitant load. The situation is aggravated by a long standing on the legs, so hairdressers, teachers, salesmen and surgeons risk more than others. Athletes are also not immune from this disaster: in skaters and weightlifters, flat feet is a professional disease. Read morehttp: //www.mosmedclinic.ru/news/ 4711http: //www.newtambov.ru/news/zd/? Id = 106
Treatment and prevention of flatfoothttp: //www.babycl.ru/article/foot/ profilaktika_plockoctopia.htm

Manechka Vlasova

useful walks barefoot on a non-level surface and on hot sand so forward and with the song

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