Physical training in cervical osteochondrosis
As is known, the cervical spine includes seven vertebrae. They are entrusted with a special responsibility, consisting of a whole range of tasks: support for the head, turning, bending, tilting, etc. People who are at risk of such diseases as cervical osteochondrosis are athletes engaged in contact sports( wrestling, boxing, karate, etc.).In addition, the occurrence of the disease can lead to various injuries. In this article we will try to understand what are the most effective methods of treatment, how useful is physical education in osteochondrosis of the cervical region, and also what are the main symptoms of this disease.
Important: before you start physical education or a medical treatment method, we strongly recommend that you contact your doctor or consult a specialist. Self-treatment of cervical osteochondrosis can lead to harmful effects!
Main symptoms and causes ofAs already mentioned, the main group of risk is athletes and people who have received various injuries and injuries to the cervical department. As for the chronic stage of the disease, it can be caused by the same incorrect posture. The fact is that with an incorrect posture, the position of the head is compensated for by the muscles of the spine in the cervical region, which in turn leads to constant tension and, as a consequence, the appearance of painful sensations in the neck. Low physical activity, overweight - this is also the cause of osteochondrosis.
The main symptom to which you should pay attention and if possible go to the doctor - a constant pain in the neck, periodically increasing, especially with sharp turns of the head to the side. Also, the symptomatology of osteochondrosis includes numbness of the neck, sharp pain when moving the head, tinnitus, an increase in lymph nodes and difficulty in swallowing. Osteochondrosis often causes pain in the upper limbs, shoulder sections and facial muscles. The reason is clamping nerves, which actually leads to painful sensations.
Methods of treatment
To date, medicine is not known for numerous methods of treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. But we must admit that out of these not many methods there are many effective ones. First of all, this, of course, special physical exercises. Modern exercises of physiotherapy exercises with osteochondrosis help to strengthen muscle mass in the cervical region, as well as reduce pain. Hydrotherapy and massage are methods of treatment that enter into a kind of complex and are most often used to reduce painful sensations.
Speaking of drug treatment, it is not so effective, although the doctor as an additional therapy the doctor can recommend the patient such drugs as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Note that these drugs do not require a prescription, but if the pain is very severe, the doctor may prescribe you more intensive treatment: chiropractic, physiotherapy or acupuncture.
Important: drug treatment, use of drugs and various therapies are considered solely as an additional complex, not being the main treatment. Any methods that are described above are assigned only after a professional consultation with a specialist doctor of the field.
Physical training in cervical osteochondrosis, as already noted, is the most effective method of treatment. If the correct method is chosen, the exercises will allow to maximally quickly strengthen the muscles. Due to the strengthening of the muscular mass of the cervical region, the risk of recurrence of the disease is significantly reduced. But, it should be remembered that physical education in the treatment of osteochondrosis categorically prohibits high loads from the first days.
Correct gymnastics for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
To date, therapeutic gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis is the most effective method of its treatment. This is repeated tirelessly by physicians, who are increasingly faced with this disease every year. Physical exercises can eliminate violations in articular cartilages of the cervical spine and prevent osteochondrosis in the early stages, after the onset of the first symptoms.
Complex LFK is made by a doctor on the basis of individual characteristics of the body and the diagnosis. For example, for patients with vestibular disorders, a standard set of exercises is not suitable: in the case of frequent dizziness, they should do the exercises while sitting on a chair or lying down, but in no case standing up.
Gymnastics, sports, physical activity - integral parts of the healthy spine
Important rules for performing the exercises
Before you start directly to classes, it is important to know some rules. They must necessarily follow, so that therapeutic gymnastics has the maximum effect.
- Never begin to perform exercises in the stage of exacerbation of osteochondrosis. This can lead to complications and pain.
- During physical education, you should not experience any pain or discomfort. If they appear, rest a little. If the pain recurses, stop performing the problem exercise and see a doctor.
- Keep track of your posture during class. This will allow you to significantly improve their effectiveness and not injure the cervical spine.
- Therapeutic exercise consists of smooth actions, which in no case can be done abruptly. Carelessness can lead to regress of the disease.
Gymnastics is the best treatment for various joint diseases. It restores damage, strengthens the muscular corset and makes the spine more mobile in all departments. In addition, the vast majority of exercises can be performed at home, so this treatment is free, and you are not tied to anything.
All movements must be carried out very carefully and strictly according to the instructions, otherwise you can hurt yourself
Basic exercises of gymnastics
Lie on your back and fully straighten. Place your left hand on your chest, and your right hand on your stomach and inhale evenly. Hold your breath for about 10 seconds, then exhale and relax. This exercise should be performed 3-5 times a day for 3-5 minutes per approach.
Now you should roll over on your stomach and straighten up again. In order to get the most benefit from this exercise, make sure that your legs are straight and do not bend. Lift the head together with the upper part of the chest and lower it. Repeat with an interval of 20 seconds. Perform this exercise should be for 3-5 minutes to 5 times a day.
Lie on your back again, but this time bend your knees. Next, rotate the body to the right and left with an interval of 20 seconds. The duration of the exercise is at least 5 minutes per approach.
A few more preventive exercises for those who suffer from chronic osteochondrosis of the cervical spine:
Stand up straight or sit on a chair with a flat back( to maintain posture).First, lower your chin to your chest( exhale), then slowly take it back( inhale).Repeat at least 10 times.
Do not change the position, put the palm of any hand on the forehead and press it on it for 10 seconds. Press with sufficient force, but so that you can keep the body motionless.
In the standing position, lower your head down, touching your chest with your chin. Repeat up to 10 times. If you can not touch your chest - try to bring your chin as close as possible to it.
Lie on your stomach and relax, hands along the trunk, palms strictly up. Start slowly turning your head to the left and right, each time returning to the starting position( when you lie face down).Repeat at least 10 times.
All the above exercises can be combined into a common complex of physiotherapy exercises that will allow you to strengthen the cervical department and gradually get rid of the pain caused by osteochondrosis. Reviews of patients and doctors about this treatment are in most cases positive, as gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis gives results quite quickly.
To help the patient: today hundreds of clear and detailed photo and video instructions on gymnastics for the treatment of the cervical spine are recorded.
To speed up the recovery, you can supplement the physical culture with a therapeutic massage, contacting a qualified specialist. It is strongly advised not to resort to massage without the prescription of a doctor, since such an independent "treatment" can aggravate your condition.
Do exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine?
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a widespread disease for today. In many respects it is connected with a sedentary way of life and sedentary work in the office in front of the computer. How often is LFK administered for cervical osteochondrosis?
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
If there are certain signs of the disease, physical education is necessary for cervical osteochondrosis. First of all, this is a pain in the neck. Sometimes the pain from the cervical region extends to the nape, parietal and frontal parts of the head, while it can be accompanied by nausea and dizziness. In some cases, pain occurs in the region of the shoulder girdle, in the hands. Sometimes osteochondrosis is accompanied by pain in the sternum, which is very similar to the symptoms of a heart attack.
Osteochondrosis may impair the mobility of the hands. Pinched nerves and blood vessels can cause a feeling of numbness of the tongue, fingers, weakening of vision or hearing.
With the appearance of the first pain in the neck, it is worth starting to engage in physical therapy, because at the initial stage it is easier to fight the disease. With the development of osteochondrosis, there is a gradual damage to the connective tissue, loss of elasticity of intervertebral discs. Due to the deformation of the discs, there are disturbances in the blood supply to the brain and jamming of the nerve endings. It is the physical culture that is especially effective in osteochondrosis and its prevention, since the cervical department has a weaker muscle corset than the rest of the spine. Exercise helps to strengthen it, eliminating the cause of the disease.
You can find many videos on which specialists show how exercise therapy is performed in osteochondrosis. A sedentary lifestyle is one of the main factors that cause osteochondrosis. Among the most vulnerable categories are office workers, most of the time working in the chair, drivers and other groups of people performing monotonous limited movements. To compensate for physical inactivity, gymnastics and industrial gymnastics are recommended.
Options for treatment of the disease
Depending on the complexity and degree of development, osteochondrosis can be treated in various ways or by combining them. A specific treatment option is appointed after visiting a specialist and conducting a thorough examination. It is the doctor who chooses the best option for getting rid of the problem.
- One of the most gentle methods is exercise therapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical department. It helps to strengthen the inner muscle corset, which eliminates the cause of the disease. When performing exercise therapy, pain and inflammation gradually decrease, and possible complications are prevented. You can do exercises yourself, using video, which shows a set of exercises.
- In addition to physical education, gentle methods include massage. It enhances blood supply, especially damaged areas, relieves pain syndrome, relaxes squeezed muscles and exerts a restorative effect.
- One of the effective methods for getting rid of osteochondrosis is complex treatment, when the course of acupuncture, acupressure and the use of herbal medicines is conducted.
- In a number of cases, medical treatment is conducted, which is aimed at localization and gradual elimination of pain sensations, as well as repayment of the inflammatory process. This is helped by analgesics, antispasmodics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- In particularly difficult cases, surgical intervention can be prescribed, as a result of which the injuring part of the intervertebral disc is removed.
When osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is important to strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor and as much as possible to move. Physiotherapy helps not only to get rid of the symptoms of the disease, but also has a preventive effect, minimizing the possibility of complications. LFK can prevent the development of diseases that can lead to protrusion of the cervical region and the formation of a hernia. Video with a set of exercises for doing at home is very easy to find.
To achieve the greatest effect, as a rule, a complex treatment is prescribed, including exercise therapy for cervical osteochondrosis, massage and the use of medications that relieve inflammation and reduce pain.
Possible complications in the disease
Physiotherapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical region at the initial stage, when there are periodic pains in the neck, it helps to get rid of the problem. You can find many auxiliary videos showing how to do gymnastics at home. If you do not take any action, then over time, the pain will increase and to get rid of them, it will take much more time and effort.
The next stage of the disease is protrusion of the cervical region. In this case, the intervertebral disc is displaced without destroying the fibrous ring. This causes not only strong pain sensations, but also leads to a significant difficulty in the blood supply to the brain.
LFK with protrusion is one of the most effective and safe methods of treatment of the disease. Watch a video that helps you conduct lessons at home. When performing exercises, the muscular corset strengthens, so that the osteochondrosis disappears. For the most effective treatment of the protrusion of the cervical department, a special complex of LFK is supplemented with massage and the use of medications that can relieve pain and extinguish the inflammatory process.
Further development of the disease can lead to hernia cervical intervertebral disc. At this stage, the fibrous ring is destroyed, and the disease reaches its peak. However, exercise therapy with hernia can have a positive effect and helps to avoid more serious consequences.
A training video with a complex of exercises of therapeutic gymnastics helps not only to fight the disease at different stages, but also to avoid its occurrence. Therapeutic exercises with cervical osteochondrosis strengthens the muscles, making them more elastic. This allows them to support the spine in its most vulnerable place.
Despite the fact that exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is the most gentle method of treatment, the complex of exercises should be coordinated with the attending physician. It is important to take into account not only the picture of this disease, but also the concomitant diseases and complications.
For example, the complexes of exercises in the initial stage and protrusions of the cervical region differ from each other. The heavier the degree of lesion of the spine, the more serious and responsible treatment it requires. With protrusion, the intervertebral disc is displaced, which can lead to serious consequences. Even more careful control requires exercise of hernia in hernia, because at this stage of the disease often requires surgical intervention.
The use of exercise therapy in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
LFK is the most common non-drug treatment for various types of arthritis, arthrosis, osteoporosis, osteochondrosis and other ailments associated with the condition of bones, joints, muscles, intervertebral discs and periarticular tissues. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is the most common disease in people whose activities are not related to physical activity. LFK at an osteochondrosis of a cervical department is capable to improve a circulation and a metabolism. Moreover, it has a number of advantages that are not available in medical methods of influence.
Therapeutic exercise will help reduce pain symptoms and stop the development of the disease if you perform all the exercises, strictly following the recommendations of the doctor. In combination with medicines, changing the mode of work and rest, proper nutrition, it is really capable of doing miracles.
Cause and Effect
Eastern medicine claims: most neck diseases are associated with a person's lifestyle. The causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are a direct confirmation of this. A sedentary lifestyle is a fertile soil for the onset of this disease.
Cervical osteochondrosis sneaks up suddenly, and at first doctors are difficult to accurately determine what is associated with deterioration of the person's well-being. With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, not only pain in the neck appears. Painful symptoms are observed in the chest and shoulders.
Numbness of the extremities can also be a sign of this ailment, even the tongue can not dumb. Headaches - an indispensable companion of various types of osteochondrosis, including cervical. Dizziness, general fatigue are common to many diseases. It is these symptoms that will be the first to indicate the presence of osteochondrosis in a person, as well as various difficulties with hearing, tinnitus.
In osteochondrosis of the cervical region, arthrosis and degenerative-dystrophic pathologies of the spinal column often develop in man. This ailment is the cause of arthrosis. Osteochondrosis of the neck passes through several stages of development. As it progresses, it changes into cervicothoracic osteochondrosis.
Immediately need to clarify: physical exercises, physiotherapy, medications can help a person to conserve the development of the disease only at first. In later stages of osteochondrosis, only surgical intervention is able to stop the disease. Therapeutic gymnastics, exercises are selected by doctors depending on the stage of the disease, the specifics of its development and the complications caused to it, the patient's overall health, age, lifestyle and physical activity.
When forming a complex of exercise therapy for patients with osteochondrosis, medical specialists choose exercises that will affect certain lesions.
Medical gymnastics works wonders
Therapeutic gymnastics is really capable of performing a miracle, if you do it regularly. It is useful to people suffering from cervical osteochondrosis, and those who are predisposed to this disease. Its main goal is to reduce tissue disorders in the intervertebral cartilage. LFK gently, gently suppresses the process of destruction of intervertebral discs, neutralizes squeezing of nerve roots, reduces pain symptoms. It does not allow the appearance of pathological growths on the bone tissue of the vertebrae. That is, the neck and spine are beginning to gradually return to full flexibility.
Only therapeutic exercises for cervical osteochondrosis can stop the atrophy of the back muscles. The blood supply to the brain directly depends on the condition of the neck, which, when performing therapeutic exercises, improves significantly. This positively affects the human psyche, its memory, performance, while saving it from insomnia. In people suffering from cervical osteochondrosis, blood pressure is also severely impaired. If you properly distribute physical activity, it can come back to normal.
Do gymnastics even at the
desktop. Metabolism is a special issue, because it is both the cause and the consequence of various ailments. If you can improve it with exercises and medications, it's possible that disruptions in the functioning of the spine will not affect the state of the lungs and cardiovascular system.
On the video, which shows preventive exercises that help fight osteochondrosis, you can see how a person turns his head. Many people purely intuitively perform this movement, if they have to stay in a static position for a long time. After such a simple exercise, there is really relief. What happens during it? The blood flows better to the brain, the functioning of the vessels and nerve endings is improved, and therefore, the backs.
When practicing exercise therapy, it is necessary to observe several simple rules, this will make the exercises as effective as possible.
- Gymnastics can not be performed during an exacerbation of the disease.
- During the lesson you need to monitor your posture in order to prevent possible injuries to the spine.
- During exercise, there should be no pain.
Watching the performance of gymnastics on video, you can see that the amplitude of movements from the beginning to the end of the complex of exercise therapy increases slightly. Physical exercise should increase with the continuation of therapeutic gymnastics. But overloading the body can lead to unpleasant consequences, so the number of exercises and the number of approaches in each of them should not exceed the recommended by the doctor. Each movement should be soft and smooth, but in no case sharp. If there are pain, exercise should be stopped immediately.
Warm-up exercises when exercising exercise are mandatory. Exercise exercises are especially effective for the body if combined with swimming, manual therapy, massage.
Is everything right?
You can often hear from patients complaining that they performed therapeutic gymnastics, but it did not bring the desired result. What is the reason? It's not enough to look at the video exercises that you need to perform, and just repeat them. It is necessary to correctly distribute the burden on the weakened organism by fighting with the disease. It should be clearly known: any tension, spasms or stretching can aggravate osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Usually the very first exercise is walking. It includes two types of warm-up: stepping on the full foot and rolling from the heel to the toe. The video recorded that the person's neck at this time is not in a static position, but also smoothly moves from side to side. The next type of exercise: swings your arms - slow, accurate, smooth. If the video at this time shows a person from the back, you can replace how his shoulder muscles move.
The final form of the exercises is for the neck and head only. They combine inclined and circular movements. If all the actions are performed correctly, warmth will be felt in the joints and neck. Only after these warm-up exercises can you go to the main complex, which is performed in a sitting, standing or lying position.
Curative gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis
As life shows, most often a person with health problems or completely begins to rely on a doctor, or rushes to all serious, engaged in self-medication and without resorting to official medicine.
If the patient is on the side of the doctor - no disease is terrible. .
Both these positions are fundamentally wrong, because no one, even the most qualified doctor, can independently diagnose himself, and no person should independently prescribe for themselves treatment. No wonder the ancient sage said that with each disease there are three sides: the patient, the doctor and the disease. If the patient is on the side of the doctor - no illness is terrible, but in those cases when the patient on the side of the disease - the best doctor is useless.
Cervical osteochondrosis is diagnosed more and more often, and the patients' behavior and their attitude to the proposed treatment are completely independent of age. Those patients who think about their future do not forget that therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis remains one of the most important elements of treatment, while others simply remain silent and suffer pain and all the symptoms with which this is manifested is very unpleasant and in some casesa life-threatening disease.
Features of osteochondrosis of the cervical region today
Cervical osteochondrosis is a common disorder, rapidly growing younger every year. Pinched nerve endings or displacement of cervical discs cause headaches and heart pain, dizziness, numbness of the tongue. Moreover, pinching of nerves indirectly affects the work of internal organs. Nevertheless, many people simply do not pay attention to the doctor's appointments and do not believe that exercise therapy, especially when used constantly, can improve their condition.
Meanwhile, if a person is diagnosed with cervical osteochondrosis - therapeutic gymnastics is necessary! A violation that does not try to correct will sooner or later become acute, and every new attack of the disease will add unpleasant symptoms to the clinical picture of the disease. Of course, exercise therapy is not a panacea, especially if the degenerative-dystrophic process in the tissues of the spinal column has existed for a long time, but it can inhibit the development of pathological processes, facilitate the general condition and the first step towards recovery.
The main symptoms of osteochondrosis
- Constant headaches, dizziness. The discomfort is often aggravated by movement and sharp turns of the head, and such a pain in the head practically does not lend itself to the drugs that are traditionally prescribed for relief of this symptom. At the same time, the patient may be concerned about the instability of blood pressure, fits of lightheadedness and noise in the ears, which are best eliminated by therapeutic gymnastics prescribed for cervical osteochondrosis.
- Symptom of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine may be pain in the chest, giving in hands. Often a person feels numbness in his hands and a combination of this symptom with pain in the heart, in which traditional "heart" drugs( nitroglycerin) are ineffective.
When these complaints occur, orthopedic physicians advise their patients to use physical exercises in a timely manner, the regimen and frequency of recurrence of which for each patient should be selected individually. A well-considered program of physical rehabilitation will help prevent the development of displacement of cervical vertebrae and clamping of nerve fibers.
Recommended exercises for the treatment of disease
If you want to learn all the secrets of cervical osteochondrosis treatment, we advise you to familiarize yourself with this free course. Very effective technique!
Below is an example of several exercises.
- The patient lies on the floor. One palm rest on the stomach, and the other on the chest. Slow, smooth breath( stomach, and then chest rise), then exhale. Repeat once 8-10.It is necessary to consciously relax the body. Exercise is repeated 3-4 times during the day.
- Position on the floor, but this time on the stomach. Slowly, the head, torso rises, hands have to rest against the floor. In this position, you must be 1 - 1.5 minutes, then smoothly return to its original position. Important! It is necessary to watch, that the shoulders would not "tumble" - keep the posture under control! Exercise is carried out 3-4 times a day.
- Position - lying on the stomach. Hands stretched along the body. Slowly turning his head to the right. You have to try to press your ear to the floor. Then in the opposite direction. Important! Painful sensations should not accompany the exercises! Run 5-6 times. During the day, you can perform this exercise 3-4 times.
- Seated position. Slowly, making an exhalation, lean forward, as close to the breast as possible. Then, on inhalation, slowly throw your head back, trying to look as far as possible. Repeat once 10-15.The exercise itself is repeated 2-3 times a day.
- Do not change the position, you have to press your forehead against your own hands. Providing the greatest possible pressure. Exercise is done on exhalation - this is important! Repeat 5-6 times. During the day, perform 3-4 times.
- If the violation is not strong, you can perform accurate rotation of the head, in both directions.
The given complex of exercises shows that therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis is available to virtually all people regardless of their age. Some of the exercises can be performed at home and at work, and if your own health is empty for the patient, then he will certainly try to listen to the recommendations of the doctor.
As studies of scientists have shown, the performance of such exercises as prevention reduces the risk of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine by 90%!
The effectiveness of therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis at any stage of the disease is proved. As it turned out, even simple trainings, without active manual treatment and use of drugs, significantly reduce pain, and in some cases the achieved strengthening of the neck muscles positively affects the general condition - in some patients partial regress of the disease is observed.
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Therapeutic gymnastics for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine( photo and video)
The rules of the exercises
Before the beginning of physical therapy, patients with osteochondrosis should know certain rules, observing which one can get the maximum effect in the therapy of the disease:
- in case of exacerbation of the disease, physical education is not carried out, as pain can increase, complications develop;
- when carrying out exercise therapy it is necessary to follow the posture, this will prevent trauma of the spine;
- LFK should not cause pain and discomfort. At the first manifestations of these symptoms, the exercise stops, and the patient should consult a doctor;
- exercise LFK perform smoothly, without sudden movements. Careless, abrupt movements can provoke an exacerbation of the disease, the onset of pain syndrome.
LFK for osteochondrosis of the cervical part
Gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis: morning hours
Exercise # 1.Alternate pressing of the palms on the temples, forehead, crown, occipital part. Pressure to produce a few seconds. This, simple at first glance, exercise will normalize the blood supply and help with dizziness in the osteochondrosis of the spine.
Exercise # 2.With effort, let's lower our chin down to the sternum. We do it slowly and, as it were, with effort.
Exercise # 3.Slowly, with maximum amplitude, we perform head turns to the right and left.
Exercise # 4.Slowly, with the maximum amplitude, we perform head-to-left rotations from the position "the chin is lowered down".
Exercise # 5.We throw the head back as far as possible - we try to touch the ear with the ear.
This treatment complex should be done in the mornings, as it kneads the frozen muscles after sleeping, performing all the exercises slowly. What not worth doing is circular movements of the head, as they can injure the cervical vertebrae.
Therapeutic exercises in the daytime or in the evening
The following exercises require more effort and load, more space and place, and therefore carry them better in the daytime or in the evening, but not before the dream itself.
Exercise # 1.The starting position is lying on the floor, legs are stretched out. We put one hand on the stomach, the other on the chest. We take a small breath and simultaneously strain the muscles of the press. We hold the voltage for a few seconds, relax.
Exercise # 2.The starting position - lying on the back, limbs - legs and arms are stretched out. We bend our legs in the lap, pulling them to the chin, while lifting our head.
Exercise # 3.The same initial position, but we lift the shoulders and head.
LFK in osteochondrosis of the spine stimulates and normalizes blood circulation in the head and neck, eliminates headaches and dizziness, improves metabolism in the neck and head, improves access to nutrients and oxygen, slows down degenerative processes.
Like any other therapy, exercise therapy has contraindications. Classes do not begin with exacerbation of the disease, which is accompanied by fever and severe pain.
Contraindication to the onset of exercise therapy can be any acute condition - the flu or ARI.
Additional advice in the fight against cervical osteochondrosis
If during a physical exercise standing there are difficulties - dizziness, noise in the ears, loss of landmark, gymnastics can be spent sitting on a chair, observing a slow pace. Vestibular disorders are corrected over time, and exercise therapy will be easier and without side effects.
Important point - exercise therapy should be performed, combining with proper breathing, regular massage and rubbing warming ointments. Experienced specialists recommend taking additional sedatives, vitamins, especially group B. These additional agents favorably affect the state of the autonomic nervous system and improve the blood supply of cartilages and tissues.
The best methods of prevention of exacerbation and relapse of the disease are sleep on the orthopedic pillow, mattress, contrast shower, it is desirable to take daily, regular walks in the fresh air, swimming.
LFK in combination with a healthy lifestyle, the correct organization of the workplace - a pledge to prevent serious consequences of the disease.
Therapeutic physical training in osteochondrosis improves blood circulation. The goal of exercise therapy( PE) is to strengthen the back muscles, reduce the load on the intervertebral discs, and restore the spinal column. Before starting to exercise independently, exercise therapy, it is necessary to consult a physician or a physiotherapist.
LFK for osteochondrosis of the neck
Therapeutic exercise for cervical osteochondrosis should be gentle. The reason is that the cervical spine has a high mobility, and any sudden movements can cause blood circulation disorders in the arteries of the spinal column. Incorrect technique of performing exercises can lead to serious complications.
In the acute period of the disease, when the patient is in bed, short exercises( 5 seconds) are performed - contraction and relaxation of the muscles of the trunk and extremities. Obligatory breathing exercises and movements with your feet( without lifting the feet).As the pain is reduced, walking is allowed, while the neck is fixed with the help of the Shanz collar. You can perform smooth turns of the head.
Do not hold your upper limbs for a long time. While sitting at the table, elbows should have a support.
When the condition improves, you can begin performing resistance exercises:
- Lie on your back and gently press the back of the head into the pillow. Linger in this position for 5 seconds, then relax.
- We perform pressure pressing the palm on the temple( alternately), with the overcoming of the neck muscles. Exercise is performed in both directions 3 times for 5 seconds. Each exercise ends with relaxation.
- We press both hands on the forehead, overcoming the pressure of the muscles of the neck. At the same time, we do not lift our head from the pillow. This exercise is performed 3 times for 5 seconds.
- We sit down on a chair and put our hands down. Slowly throwing his head back, then gently tilt it down, trying to press his chin against his chest.
In order to achieve the effect, a complex of physiotherapy exercises for neck osteochondrosis should be performed daily. We bring to your attention the complex of gymnastics:
LFK for the thoracic spine
Therapeutic physical training in chest osteochondrosis promotes an increase in the volume of movements in the intervertebral joints, helps to weaken the muscle spasm. With the help of exercises, you can stop the further development of chest osteochondrosis:
- Raise each shoulder up( down) one by one, then raise( lower) the shoulders at the same time. This exercise is useful for the cervical and upper thoracic spine.
- Perform circular movements of the hands - forward and backward. Exercise is effective for the thoracic spine.
- Press your hands against your body, and in this position perform lateral torso of the trunk, trying to reach the knee with your wrist.
- Raise your arms above your head and perform lateral torso torso.
- Sit on a chair, lean on his back. The upper edge of the back of the chair should reach the level of the blades. Perform a deflection of the trunk back.
- Stand up straight, put your hands behind your back and connect it to the lock at the level of the blades. Bend back, while resisting with your hands. After a few seconds, relax. Each exercise can be repeated 2-3 times.
Do not forget about breathing during the performance of exercise therapy in osteochondrosis. Breathing exercises should be included in each exercise complex.
LFK with osteochondrosis of the back
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is a common cause of calls to the doctor. Often, patients try to perform their own exercises for the lower back, which leads to an exacerbation of the disease. The complex of physiotherapy exercises must first be performed under the supervision of a specialist. All exercises are selected by the doctor taking into account the patient's condition and the presence of concomitant pathologies.
After removal of the inflammatory process and pain syndrome, you can perform the following exercises:
- Lie on your back, legs bend at the knees, hands put along the trunk. Raise the pelvis, leaning on the shoulders and feet.
- Lie down on the back, slightly bent legs, tilt both legs to the right of the trunk. In this case, turn the head and upper part of the trunk to the left. Repeat the exercise in the opposite direction.
- Lie on the side. In this position, bend the legs( alternately), trying to squeeze the hip to the stomach.
- Stand on all fours, leaning on the palms and knees. Perform the deflections of the back and waist, as if crawling under the bar.
For those who suffer from pain in the lumbar spine, it is recommended to perform the incline in the lower back.
We bring to your attention a complex of exercise therapy for osteochondrosis( video):
Gymnastics classes can be held at any time of the day. During physical education clothes should not impede movement. It is important not to allow hypothermia, there should be no drafts in the room. Do not hold your breath while exercising. At occurrence of a dyscomfort it is necessary to stop employment and address to the attending physician.
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