Than and how to treat joints on the legs?
The musculoskeletal apparatus of the lower limbs is very complicated. Only in one foot there are 30 bones and 28 joints, each of which can become inflamed and cause pain. In addition, the lower limbs each day withstand high loads, which creates the prerequisites for the defeat of the joints of the legs.
There are a lot of reasons for the joints of the legs. These are inflammatory infections of an infectious, allergic, autoimmune nature, and various traumas, and degenerative-dystrophic diseases, and metabolic disorders, and congenital pathologies.
Despite the reason for the defeat of the joint apparatus of the lower limbs, the symptoms are often similar. Among the main things to note are: pain, swelling, redness of the skin above the joint, increased local temperature, deformity of the limb and dysfunction of the patient's joint.
For effective treatment, first of all, it is necessary to determine the true cause of joint damage.
Treatment of leg joints is a very important and complex task that only a professional can do. In order for the therapy to be successful in the first place, it is necessary to determine the true cause of the disease, since the treatment should be aimed at its elimination, and only then - to eliminate the symptoms and consequences. In this article, we will consider the basic principles and methods of treating leg joints, their dignity and disadvantages.
It is impossible to treat joints diseases of legs without medication. It is medicines that make it possible to quickly rid the person of suffering and pain, eliminate inflammation and prevent relapses of pathology. It must be understood that, depending on the situation, various medications are prescribed. In some cases, they are the basis for the treatment of the knee joint and other joints of the legs, in others - only an auxiliary tool. Consider the main groups of medicines that are used for this purpose.
These are the main drugs for the treatment of leg injuries of infectious nature. Most often shown with septic purulent arthritis, reactive arthritis, knee joint damage with rheumatism. The drug is selected depending on the alleged etiology of inflammation, as well as on the results of additional research methods( sowing of effusion from the joint cavity to nutrient media to isolate microorganisms and determine their sensitivity to antibacterial drugs).
When joint inflammation is most often prescribed:
Antibiotics for joint damage, as a rule, are administered parenterally( intramuscularly and intravenously) followed by a transition to oral administration of the same active substance. In severe cases, combined therapy is prescribed with simultaneous use of 2 or 3 antibiotics from different groups.
Also, antibacterial drugs can be injected directly into the joint cavity by puncturing it. The last method of drug delivery to the lesion focus applies only to the knee joint, since the remaining articulations of the lower limb are not available for puncture.
Analgesics and NSAIDs
Drugs from this category are used almost always for pain in joints, if there are no contraindications. They are relatively safe, effectively eliminate pain and other signs of inflammation, besides, interrupt the very mechanism of inflammation, regardless of the cause, which leads to rapid subsidence of acute arthritis or exacerbation of chronic.
Meloxicam - effective NSAID which is often used for joint pain
These drugs can be divided into 2 groups: nonselective inhibitors of COX-2 and selective inhibitors of COX-2.COX-2 is one of the main enzymes for the development of inflammation. But, in addition, he takes part in many vital processes, for example, the formation of a protective layer of the gastric mucosa, etc. Therefore, the risk of side effects they have different, but also anti-inflammatory power, too.
If the inflammation is acute and there is no need for a prolonged intake of NSAIDs, it is possible to prescribe drugs from the first group( diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin).These medications are not recommended for use for more than 14 days, as the risk of developing gastric bleeding increases significantly. Medications of the 2 groups( meloxicam, coxibs) can be used on a long-term basis, when the pain is chronic, since the risk of side effects is minimal.
Use drugs from the NSAIDs systemically( injections, tablets, capsules) and locally( ointments, gels, patches).
The most popular ointments from the NSAID group:
- Diclac gel,
- Fastum gel,
- Ketonal gel,
- cream Dolgit,
Important! Virtually all topical preparations do not penetrate the skin well, therefore many drugs use additional substances, for example dimexide, for this purpose. Also such ointments will be much more effective when using for the small joints of the foot foot than for the ankle or knee.
Treatment with glucocorticoids, especially long-term, is associated with a greater risk of serious side effects. Therefore, this therapy is used only in extreme cases, when the anti-inflammatory effect of NSAIDs is not enough. Most often, SCS is indicated in chronic arthritis of an autoimmune nature, for example, in rheumatoid arthritis.
Such patients need constant anti-inflammatory therapy. SCS in them is used in two schemes:
- Pulse-therapy, when SCS is prescribed in very high doses intravenously for a short period. As a rule, this is enough to suppress active inflammation and achieve remission.
- Prolonged systemic therapy, when SCS is used in the form of tablets daily in the morning at a certain dose. Such treatment can last from several weeks to several months, depending on the clinical situation.
Intraarticular GKS injections effectively eliminate pain and inflammation
Representatives of glucocorticoids:
SCS is often prescribed and locally. In this case, the risk of side effects is minimal. As a rule, they are used in cases of severe joint pain. To do this, drugs are injected into the joint. To eliminate pain, 1-3 injections are sufficient. Also in pharmacies you can find ointments based on GCS.
Used for degenerative-dystrophic lesions of leg joints, for example, with deforming osteoarthritis. In their composition they have the basic structural elements of cartilaginous tissue( chondroitin and glucosamine).Thus, it is possible to enrich the body with the necessary "building material", which will help restore damaged intraarticular cartilage.
It's important to remember! Chondroprotectors do not eliminate pain and will not quickly remove signs of inflammation. But with a long enough use, they will help restore the destroyed cartilage, slow or stop the progression of arthrosis changes, improve mobility in the joints of the foot and other joints.
The most effective chondroprotectors:
Therapeutic gymnastics and massage
LFK is one of the main methods of treatment, prevention and rehabilitation in the pathology of joints. But it is important to remember the basic rule: you can only do without exacerbating the pathology, when acute pain is absent.
The complex of exercises should be selected individually and take into account the etiology of joint damage, the localization of pathological changes, the degree of damage to the joints, the general state of human health. Ideally, if the exercises are picked up for you by a doctor or physiotherapist, he will teach the correct execution of all movements. Only after this, you can perform gymnastic exercises at home.
Therapeutic gymnastics not only positively affects the health of the joints, but also the overall well-being of the
. The massage refers to additional treatment methods. He, as well as exercise therapy, is prescribed outside of the exacerbation of the underlying pathology. Massage will help to strengthen the muscular framework around the diseased joints, which will create additional protection and support, establish microcirculation, eliminate pathological muscle spasms.
Various physiotherapy procedures complete any treatment of joints. They help to eliminate pain, adjust metabolic processes in the tissues of the joint, improve blood circulation, eliminate inflammation.
Procedures that help to treat joints:
- ultrasound therapy,
- paraffin and ozocerite applications,
- mud wraps,
- laser therapy,
- shock wave therapy,
- medical baths.
Surgical treatment is used in the event that all conservative methods do not help, a person has severe joint deformities, a constant intense pain syndrome.
Endoprosthetics of the knee joint allows patients to get rid of pain and return mobility to the feet of
. All operations can be divided into two groups:
- Plastic or organ-preserving, when the surgeon keeps as much of his own joint tissues and tries to renew the anatomical structure of the joint.
- Endoprosthetics. It is used when the joint is so destroyed that it is impossible to restore it. Instead, endoprosthetics are performed using artificial materials. Sometimes this is the only chance for a man to get rid of the pain and get back on his feet.
It is also worth remembering alternative( non-traditional) methods of treatment:
- therapy with folk remedies;
- manual treatment and osteopathy;
- treatment by bees, leeches;
- different authoring techniques.
If you have joint pain or other signs of their defeat, it is worth knowing which doctor will help you. This rheumatologist, traumatologist, orthopedist or arthrologist. All these specialists will try to establish the true cause of the joint disease, choose an effective curative program, suggest what to do for prevention and recovery after the disease.
Causes of inflammation of the joints on the legs and their treatment
The health of the musculoskeletal system can not be overestimated for a person's full life. Thanks to the normal functioning of the joints and muscles, we can perform any desired movements. Unfortunately, most people do not appreciate this possibility until they face its limitation. One of the main problems that lead to disruption of the motor and supporting function of the body is the inflammation of the joints of the legs.
The musculoskeletal system of the lower extremities in humans is very complicated. For example, a foot consists of 30 bones and 28 joints, each of which can become inflamed, which leads to a disruption in its function, and consequently, of the entire foot. Despite the natural perfection of the structure of the skeleton of the lower limbs, a large number of its structural elements are susceptible to damage of various kinds, among which inflammatory diseases of the joints( arthritis) occupy the first place.
In this article we will consider the main causes of inflammation of the joints on the legs, the principles of their diagnosis and treatment.
Causes of inflammation of the joints
Factors that can provoke arthritis of the joints of the feet, very much. Medicine knows about the existence of approximately 100 nosological forms, which manifest similar symptoms. Therefore, etiologic diagnosis in this group of articular diseases is somewhat difficult, which led to the introduction into practice of a term such as inflammation of the joints, which does not indicate the cause, but explains the mechanism of the disease.
The main groups of causes of arthritis on the legs are presented below.
Autoimmune disorders of
In this case, the body for some reason begins to produce antibodies to its own tissues. When these autoantibodies are directed against the components of the joint, inflammation of the autoimmune nature develops. Moreover, the lesion of the joints can be one of the numerous symptoms of the disease( systemic lupus erythematosus, Sharpe's syndrome, systemic scleroderma, dermatomyositis) or to act as the main sign of the disease( rheumatoid arthritis, adult's Still's disease).
Autoantibodies cause severe joint damage
Inflammatory nature of
This group of causative factors can be divided into 2 categories. In the first case, infectious pathogens( bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa) penetrate into the joint cavity directly from the external environment( open wounds) or enter there with the current of lymph, blood, and from foci of infection located near the joint, for example, with abscesses of softtissues. This kind of arthritis is called septic.You can also read: Arthritis of toes
The second category of infectious arthritis is called aseptic or infectious-allergic. In this case, direct introduction of pathological microorganisms into the joint cavity does not occur, and the inflammation is reactive.
The fact is that many of the pathogens have antigens on their surface, which are close in structure to the antigens of the joint membranes. When they are introduced into the body, the immune system begins to produce antibodies. After the enemy cells have been destroyed, a large number of free antibodies remain in the blood, which begin to actively search for the point of application. This, exactly, is the articular membrane, where inflammation of an infectious-allergic nature develops. This explains why the inflammation of the joints begins 10-14 days after the transferred infectious disease( SARS, intestinal, genito-urinary infections).
An example of aseptic infectious arthritis is Reiter's syndrome or other reactive arthritis.
Inflammation of joints can be caused by the accumulation in its structures of certain metabolic products that occurs in metabolic diseases. These include gouty arthritis and pyrophosphate arthropathy.
Infectious arthritis of the knee
In some people arthritis of the joints of the legs develops as complications of certain diseases that are not accompanied by the majority of the musculoskeletal system. For example, in some patients with psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis occurs. Such a course of the disease is associated with genetic breakdowns, and therefore it is very difficult to treat this pathology.
This is a very common pathology. Deforming osteoarthritis can affect all the joints of the legs( hip, knee, ankle and small joints of the feet), but the inflammatory changes are secondary in nature and not found in all patients. Most often, aseptic non-infectious inflammation in arthrosis is due to one of the provoking factors, for example, overloading the joint, injuring it, etc.
General symptoms of arthritis
Whatever the cause of inflammation of the joints of the legs, all arthritis has a similar symptomatology. Such signs are called local or articular, they occur in the inflammation of any etiology, but are expressed in varying degrees. It is they who in most cases force a person to seek medical help.
Local Arthritis Symptoms:
- Pain of various nature and duration.
- Edema of the diseased joint. Sometimes it is barely noticeable( the contours of the joint are slightly smoothed out), and in some cases the circumference of the limb can increase 2 times.
- Redness of the skin above the sore spot. Especially this sign is expressed in purulent septic arthritis.
- Increases skin temperature above the joint( it becomes hot to the touch).
- Limiting the amplitude of movements due to pain, swelling, or deformities.
- In chronic course, deformities of the legs or full immobility in the joint( ankylosis) may develop.
Important! Local signs allow you to diagnose arthritis and without additional examinations, but to prescribe the right treatment, you will necessarily need etiologic diagnostics, because only an accurate diagnosis will help to find the doctor necessary medications.
Symptoms of joint damage in the most common diseases
Below we consider the features of the clinical picture, which will allow you to suspect the most common pathologies that show inflammation of the joints.
- pathology develops gradually over several years;
- is found mainly in middle-aged and elderly people, in persons with excessive body weight, congenital or acquired diseases of the musculoskeletal system, in those who have suffered a trauma or operation on the joint;
- , at first, patients complain of mild pain or discomfort in the joints, which becomes stronger every year and becomes very intense;
- all movements are accompanied by a crunch in joints;
- over time, the limitation of mobility in the joints, deformation of the lower limbs;
- often signs of inflammation and are completely absent, appear suddenly after exposure to provoking factors and do not require specific treatment.
Foot deformities in osteoarthritis
- pain is intense and accompanied by a feeling of stiffness in the affected joints;
- disease has a chronic progressive nature with periods of exacerbations and remissions;
- inflammation is manifested by swelling and redness of joints;
- defeat is symmetrical;
- often suffers small joints of the hands, but the defeat of the joints of the legs is also possible, especially the ankle and knee;
- in the advanced stages develop rough deformations, which cause loss of the supporting and motor function of the extremities.
- disease always begins acutely, often people wake up in the middle of the night from pain;
- in most cases suffers a metatarsophalangeal joint of the first toe;
- pain syndrome is very intense, in most cases patients can neither touch the inflamed place, nor stand on their foot;
- without treatment such an attack lasts for several days;
- signs of inflammation are very vivid( swelling, redness, local hyperthermia).
Arthritis of the first toe of the foot
- Practically always given a type of arthritis is preceded by an infection of the upper respiratory tract, intestine or genitourinary system;
- signs of inflammation are pronounced;
- moderate or high intensity pain syndrome;
- is simultaneously affected by several joint groups( oligoarthritis).
Purulent septic arthritis
- for him is characterized by the presence of an entrance gate for infection or other purulent foci in the body;
- is usually affected, as a rule, by one joint;
- pain intense, has a bursting, pulsating or twitching character;
- joint drastically swells, turns red, becomes hot;
- disturbs the general condition of the patient, a fever appears.
The final diagnosis takes into account, in addition to the clinical picture, and the history data, the results of additional laboratory and instrumental studies( rheumatic tests, determination of specific antibodies in the blood and joint fluid, joint puncture, x-ray, ultrasound, MRI or CT, etc.).
Principles of treatment
The therapeutic program is based on 3 basic principles:
- etiotropic when drugs that affect the cause of inflammation, for example, antibiotics for infectious arthritis;
- is pathogenetic when the treatment is aimed at eliminating the pathogenetic mechanisms of the disease, for example, prescribing drugs for reducing uric acid in gouty arthritis;
- is symptomatic when medications are used that eliminate the main signs of inflammation, for example, the appointment of painkillers and decongestants.
For the elimination of inflammation of the joints of the legs, mainly conservative methods( medicamentous and non-medicinal) are used. Surgical correction of existing deformations is possible only during the remission of pathology.
In severe cases, anti-inflammatory drugs are injected directly into the affected joint.
. Medication therapy.
. Drugs are applied from the following groups:
- antibacterial drugs for infectious arthritis;
- analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in all cases if there are no contraindications to their use, both systemically( injections, tablets) and locally( ointments, gels, patches);
- glucocorticoid hormones;
Used as an adjunctive measure, usually after the signs of active inflammation subsided. Assign a variety of physiotherapy procedures, massage, exercise therapy, diet food( especially important for gout), the use of special orthopedic devices( bandages, orthoses, special shoes, various fixatives), sanatorium treatment.
Many patients also resort to methods of alternative medicine, for example, to therapy with folk remedies, treatment with leeches, bees, manuals, osteopathy and other methods.
When making a conclusion, it should be noted that any symptoms of arthritis on the legs - this is a serious reason to visit a doctor, as each type of arthritis requires special treatment.
Causes and treatment of pain in the joints of the legsPain in the joints of the legs is not only a symptom that delivers a lot of discomfort to the patient, but also a possible sign of many serious diseases that can not be left untreated. Therefore, when unpleasant painful sensations occur in the lower extremities, you should consult a doctor, take a survey and determine the cause of pain in your legs.
In the lower extremities of a person, large joints( hip, knee, ankle) and small ones are located that are located in the foot. Normally, all these formations function absolutely painlessly, but with the development of the slightest inflammatory or degenerative processes, pain, restriction of movements and other pathological symptoms appear.
What kind of diseases hurt the joints of the legs?
In older people, the most common cause of joint pain is arthrosis. This disease is characterized by the gradual development of dystrophic changes in large joints( knee, hip, ankle).Pain in this pathology has its own peculiarities - it decreases after rest, increases after physical exertion, prolonged standing and can disturb a person for weeks. The danger of this disease lies in the fact that degenerative processes lead to deformation of the joint and complete or partial disruption of its functioning.
The second most common cause of joint pain is arthritis( rheumatoid, infectious, post-traumatic, reactive).Infectious and reactive arthritis develop after viral and bacterial infections, with chlamydia, mycoplasmosis;Rheumatoid arthritis is a consequence of autoimmune processes. All these diseases combine presence in the affected joint and surrounding tissues of pronounced inflammation and, accordingly, pain.
In rheumatoid arthritis symmetrical joints are affected and, as a rule, several groups at once - on the hands and feet. In this articular pain has its own characteristics - it usually manifests itself in the morning and decreases after "pacing".In addition to pain, patients with arthritis note reddening and swelling of the skin above the affected area of the lower limb.
Painful joints are also characteristic of rheumatism. This disease often develops in childhood, after suffering streptococcal diseases. Pain in the joints with rheumatism is not permanent, that is, today the knee can hurt, tomorrow the ankle, etc. In parallel with the lesion of the joint, serious pathological changes occur in the heart, they are the most dangerous for the patient's health, which once again confirms the inadmissibility of irresponsible treatment of joint pain.
If the joints of the foot ache greatly, especially in the area of the thumb, and also the ankle joint, the patient may have gout. In this disease in the joints, urate crystals are deposited, which leads to inflammation of the tissues and the development of intense pain. This pathology is inherited, and its aggravation occurs after consuming alcohol and meat in large quantities.
In addition to the described ailments, knee and hip joints are characterized by their specific diseases, in which intense pain in the leg develops. For example, diseases associated with knee joint damage are a patellar dislocation, the formation of a "joint mouse", meniscopathy, chondromatosis and others. Well, in the hip joint can develop necrosis of the head of the hip, syndrome of the clicking hip.
Other causes of pain in the legs
In addition to the diseases described above, pain in the joints of the legs can occur in the following cases:
- after recent physical labor;
- after injury;
- due to sprain;
- for bursitis( inflammation of the periarticular capsule);
- when the nerve is trapped;
- for tumors of bones and joints;
- in healthy children, when they are actively growing( the so-called "pain of growth");
- during pregnancy.
What should I do if my leg joints hurt?
If joints hurt, doctors can not do without consulting a doctor, since it is very difficult to determine the cause of this condition on their own.
To identify the true cause of joint pain, various instrumental and laboratory studies are needed. For example, radiography, rheumatography, joint ultrasound, etc. It is very difficult to completely cure joint diseases, but it is quite realistic to stop the progression of the pathological process with the help of a comprehensive treatment prescribed by a doctor.
If the onset of pain is preceded by a trauma, you should immediately contact a traumatologist, in other cases you can consult a therapist or a rheumatologist, there are also more narrow specialists - arthrology, but they can not be found in all clinics and hospitals.
Treatment of pain in the joints of the legs
The best way to eliminate joint pain is to influence its cause, that is, to carry out pathogenetic treatment of a specific joint disease. It should be noted that the use of only symptomatic therapy gives the result, but a short-term one. In addition, such therapy can not stop the progression of the pathological process. Therefore, with gout, the patient must prescribe drugs that reduce the concentration of uric acid in the blood, and colchicine;with rheumatoid arthritis shows drugs with immunosuppressive action, hormones;with arthrosis - chondroprotectors, physiotherapy, physiotherapy after the reduction of acute symptoms, etc.
If to speak about concrete actions of the person at occurrence at it pains in joints of feet to them carry following measures:
- Obligatory rest for the sick joint.
- Fixation of the limb, for example, with a flexible bandage.
- Application of anesthetics to the joint. An ointment containing a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory component, for example diclofenac, ibuprofen, can be used.
- Use of anesthetics inside. It should be taken into account that tablets containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory components have a number of side effects, in particular they have a bad effect on the gastrointestinal tract, therefore their use should not be uncontrolled.
Treatment with folk remedies
In folk medicine, there are also many different methods that help reduce joint pain. Here are some of them:
- Bandaging the joint with a handkerchief made of natural wool or dressing, for example, on the knee of knee pads from sheep's wool. Melt the affected joint with melted fat.
- Application of funds on the basis of larkspur and marshmallow. Ready-made ointments from these plants can be found in the pharmacy.
- Rubbing joints with lilac tincture( preparation: a large glass of flowers pour a bottle of vodka and insist a few weeks).
- Compress with grated horseradish.
- Rubbing with Kalanchoe tincture.
It should be noted that the use of the described folk remedies does not cancel the medication or other traditional treatment of the disease that caused joint pain.
Because of poor circulation in the joints, various salts can be deposited, which then form dense salt cones. This process is painless and gradual, so a person does not notice the irreversible processes taking place in his body. But over time, the deposition of salts in the joints makes itself felt, responding with pain in the knees, elbows, and feet. Joints lose elasticity and strength, diseases - polyarthritis, osteochondrosis, etc. begin to develop. Therefore, it is necessary to clean joints from formed salts and wastes from time to time.
Traditional medicine offers several ways to cleanse the joints.
Cleansing the joints at home.
In order to keep your legs from hurting, do exercises for the joints, as well as the vessels and capillaries, to clean the cells and saturate them with oxygen and energy.
Gymnastics for the joints
This charge is quite simple:
But the best way to strengthen the vessels of the legs is walking. Only not to exhaustion, but into joy and pleasure.
Be sure to do daily gymnastics for hands. It will relieve tension and will reduce the deposits of salts in the joints.
Gymnastics for hands.
Treatment of leg joints with folk remedies and herbs at home
Unfortunately, recently more and more people suffer from joint pain. Now they are found not only in elderly people, but also in young people. People start complaining about the pain of their knees, aching of the ankle joint, or inflammation of the foot joint. The pain intensifies during the change in weather conditions. We often call such people meteorologists.
Do not be afraid of this phenomenon. Like any other disease, joints can be cured. The main thing is to know what you are struggling with, and to find the best methods of getting rid of the ailment.
Treatment of leg joints with folk remedies gives quite good results. However, the best effect of their use is possible only in complex treatment together with the use of drug therapy.
Definition of the disease
Disease of the joints of the feet is an inflammatory disease. In medicine, it is called rheumatism. There are two forms of the disease: acute and chronic.
Acute inflammation of the joints of the legs begins with a small aching of the limbs. Then the body temperature rises sharply and chills occur. The knee, the ankle or the foot can ache. Pain is often accompanied by swelling of soft tissues around the joint. Even more painful and more painful legs after the transferred loads or during movement. The joint can not just swell, but also burn, blush. The duration of the acute form of joint inflammation is 3-6 weeks. If the time is not begun to treat the joints of the feet with folk remedies, then soon the disease will pass into a chronic form.
The chronic form of joint inflammation is characterized by the localization of pain in one place. The temperature does not usually rise. Over time, the joints can grow so much that they stop being mobile. A person can not walk at all. Helps a little rubbing with camphor oil or a sponge.
Inflammation of the joints of the foot - symptoms of the disease
- Joint pain
- Redness of the soft tissues near the joint
- Burning sensation in the field
Inflammation of the joints of the foot - causes of the disease
- Post-traumatic injuries of the limbs.
- Severe hypothermia of the extremities.
- Chronic infectious diseases that infect blood and affect such important organs of the human body as vessels, heart, kidneys, joints.
- Vinegars of some insects can contribute to the development of inflammatory processes in the joints.
Popular treatment of leg joints
- Mud bath. It can also be prepared at home. But you need to find 4 kilograms of real sea mud. Put it in a bath, pour warm water, stir and lie down.
- Treatment of leg joints with folk remedies can be done with the help of a saline bath. You need to take 2-4 kilograms of sea salt. It is on sale in a pharmacy. The main thing, see that there is a pure salt without impurities and aromatic additives. Put it in the tub, stir in the water and lie down.
- Alkaline bath for the joints of the feet. You need to take a lye and pour it into the tub. You can prepare lye by yourself. Need a tree bark. It must be burned at the stake and collected ashes. Put it in a container and fill it with water in equal proportions. Place the vessel on the stove and boil it. Then cover it and leave it for a day. Ashes must be caught, and on top of it a lye is formed, which must be used in the treatment of the joints of the legs.
Baths inflame the skin and body of a person. It is very important after the treatment procedure is well to wipe the body with a towel so as not to catch a cold.
Recipes of traditional medicine for the treatment of joints folk remediesKidney buds of .It is necessary to fill the fresh kidneys of the pine with sugar and let it brew in a dark, dry place for seven days. The received structure should be taken orally one teaspoon several times a day. You can simultaneously rub the medicine for healthy joints of the legs in a sore spot.
Treatment of leg joints
Joint diseases, called osteoarthrosis, are very common among the adult population. Joints perform in the human body the role of special shock absorbers, which facilitate movement during walking, jumping, running and other movements. The main joints of the legs are:
- joints of the toes;
- ankle joint;
- knee joint.
If there are any problems with the articular apparatus, there is a pronounced soreness in the joint region, and redness and swelling occur. In some cases, joint disease can lead to fever, as well as to full or partial disruption of joint function.
Features of the treatment of joint diseases
If you experience any of these symptoms, you should contact a health care provider for qualified help. Thanks to the appearance of new medical technologies, the treatment of the joints of the legs at an early stage allows avoiding the numerous complications of this disease. If the joints are not treated, the irreversible degenerative processes occurring inside the joint will progress.
The way in which the joints will be treated depends to a large extent on which disease caused the soreness in this area. There is a whole complex of diseases, one of the symptoms of which is pain and swelling of the joints. These include: chondrocalcinosis, osteoarthrosis, diffuse fasciitis, arthritis, bursitis, synovial chondromatosis, as well as joint swelling and the appearance of osteophytes. When there is pain in any particular joints, the cause may be a rupture of the knee meniscus, ligament damage, cyst rupture or dislocation.
However, the most common are all the same arthritis, which often completely deprive the person of working capacity and the ability to move normally. Correct treatment of the joints of the legs in this condition promotes a significant increase in motor activity and elimination of the inflammatory process. However, it should be remembered that one can not independently treat inflamed joints with warming ointments, as this will only exacerbate the course of the disease. Also, one should not go without a doctor's recommendation to a pharmacy and buy so-called chondroprotectors, the effectiveness of which has not been proven by clinical studies.
The international standard for the treatment of joint diseases is the appointment of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug to a patient. Patients who do not have any acute or chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, prescribe a course of treatment for this type of medicines, which usually does not exceed ten days. Simultaneously with taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the doctor prescribes H2-histamine receptor blockers. The effect of these drugs is to reduce the production of gastric juice, as a result of which its volume in the stomach decreases sharply and the activity of pepsin decreases. All this reduces the risk of side effects from taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to a minimum. To blockers of H2-histamine receptors are such drugs as cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine, nizatidine and roxatidine.
Self-treatment of joints
Due to medical illiteracy in our country, the popular treatment of leg joints is very common. From the point of view of safety for human health, such an initiative is completely unacceptable. The use of certain substances of natural origin, which were not prescribed by a doctor, can lead to increased occurrence of pain and the occurrence of various allergic reactions. Therefore, one should not engage in self-medication of the disease, which, if improperly treated, can dramatically worsen the quality of life. Treatment of the joints of the feet with folk remedies only delays the time of treatment to the doctor, and also increases the risk of a serious illness.
Medical technologies for the treatment of patients with joints
Treatment of leg joint disease caused by rheumatoid arthritis is carried out with the help of drug therapy by the following drug groups:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- corticosteroid hormones.
In combination with medical treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, regular exercise therapy is prescribed.
If joint pain is caused by gout, the immediate goal of therapy is immediate relief of the inflammatory process and the removal of soreness. After this, the patient is assigned a group of drugs that eliminate and prevent the appearance of uric acid crystals in the stakes. Since with such a disease as gout, it is important as soon as possible to excrete salts of uric acid from the body, the patient is assigned a special diet.
There are cases when the inflammatory process of the joints of the legs is caused by not listed diseases, but by the appearance of an infectious process. In this case, they talk about the occurrence of infectious arthritis and prescribe the drug to the patient with antibiotic therapy. This group of drugs can destroy the pathogenic microflora, which leads to the cessation of the degenerative process.
Another rare disease of joints is bursitis. It occurs either when the infection enters the joint bag, or when the joint is injured. As a result of this disease the articular bag inflames, which leads to painful sensations in this area, as well as to a sharp restriction of joint mobility. Distinguish between acute and chronic bursitis. However, in both cases, the patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as a course of physiotherapy with a high-frequency electromagnetic field.
Treatment of joints of the toes is performed, in general, using the same techniques as diseases of other joints. A distinctive feature of the treatment of joints on the legs is the need to choose the right shoes. Often it is the incorrect, heavily restraining toes of the shoes, contributes to the progression of arthrosis on the fingers. This is especially true for models of shoes with a very narrow nose, in which the fingers are constantly in a non-anatomical position, and the blood flow in them is greatly deteriorating. Therefore, the treatment of the joints of the toes is not so much in the intake of appropriate medications, as in changing the way of life. With such conditions, therapeutic physical training, physiotherapy, massage and sanatorium-and-spa treatment are shown.
Degenerative destruction of articular tissue often occurs with excessive strain on the joint. Excess weight, weight lifting, long-term statically loads - all this refers to the main provoking factors of this disease. Treatment of such conditions begins with the conduct of appropriate diagnostic procedures. Depending on the stage of the disease, the doctor prescribes to the patient the usual X-ray, computer or magnetic resonance imaging. To date, the most reliable and informative data can be obtained with the help of the last two methods of investigation. In spite of the fact that they are expensive, the scanning of the articular tissue at the micro level allows us to more accurately judge the size and localization of tissues that have undergone destruction.
In later stages of joint disease, when the interarticulate fluid is almost destroyed and the patient can not walk, the joints of the legs are treated by injecting an artificial interarticulate fluid with an injection. It is noteworthy that this procedure is carried out on an outpatient basis and does not require hospitalization of the patient. Immediately after the administration of the solution, in its chemical structure very resembling interarticulate fluid, the doctor makes several joint motions to ensure that this solution is completely distributed. Already in the first seconds after the administration of such a solution, the patient feels the alleviation of the motor activity, and after a few hours he can already move independently.
Thus, the technique of treating inflammation of the joints of the legs depends on the kind of disease caused by the pain. Successful recovery is ensured by timely application for qualified medical care, where the patient will be offered the most high-tech and clinically proven ways to combat this ailment.