Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra

The backbone of the human body is the spine, which is conditionally divided into 3 areas - cervical, thoracic and lumbosacral. Among its diseases, a separate place is occupied by osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra, since the majority of the population suffers from it, and this disease affects young people. This disease is aimed at deforming the cervical vertebrae, with consequences resulting from this process.

It's no secret that the cervical department consists of 7 vertebrae, with which the person is given the opportunity to make circular motions with his head. The neck is always in a stressed state, as it is constantly forced to hold its head. The physical loads with which the cervical section is constantly loaded contribute to the development of osteochondrosis, which is further aggravated by the weakening of the muscular corset.

Signs of

Like other diseases, the osteochondrosis of the cervical region passes through several stages, more precisely, four. It goes without saying that each of them is accompanied by manifestations of certain symptoms.

Pain in the cervical vertebra
  1. The first stage is the slightest disruption of the intervertebral discs, which are accompanied by manifestations of instability.
  2. The second stage is accompanied by protrusion of the discs. During this period, the fibrous ring begins to crack and the intervertebral spaces narrow. From this period, the patient begins to feel pain, which will manifest as a result of pinching of nerve endings.
  3. The third stage occurs when the fibrous ring is completely destroyed. The consequence of this is the formation of intervertebral hernias. To the same period, the development of deformations of the spine also applies.
  4. The fourth stage is the heaviest when the disease reaches the end point. During this period, it is difficult for the patient to do the slightest movement, as it is hampered by a piercing pain. There may be some improvement in the condition, but this is a negative factor, since it indicates bone growth that can lead a person to disability.

Manifestation of the disease

Osteochondrosis of the cervical part can be manifested in the most non-standard forms. It often happens that a person comes to the doctor with a complaint about frequent headaches, and comes out with a diagnosis - osteochondrosis. In addition to headaches, cervical osteochondrosis is often accompanied by numbness of fingertips or cooling of their temperature, which can speak of squeezing nerves. In such cases, a visit to the doctor should be carried out in the near future, since immediate treatment of the osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra is required.

In addition, with cervical osteochondrosis a person can experience painful sensations when touching the scalp or the occurrence of a toothache. It is not uncommon for a patient to have a sore throat or neck immediately in such a period. Pain syndrome may well extend to the shoulder joint, including the arm. Such painful sensations are easy to check, since with head movements they can either be completely eliminated or, conversely, strengthened.

Other manifestations are:

  • Vertigo;
  • Loss of consciousness;
  • Impairment of vision and hearing;
  • Movement coordination disorder;
  • Change of voice;
  • The appearance of snoring.

Causes of the disease

This disease is today found in almost every second person, and this is not surprising. Among the main causes of osteochondrosis can be distinguished violation of posture and malnutrition. Of course, that a metabolic disorder can lead to the formation of excessive weight, and this factor directly affects the spine. Of course, the presence of spinal injuries will also lead to the development of osteochondrosis.

Osteochondrosis of cervical vertebra

Causes of cervical osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a common spinal disease that occurs in people aged 30 to 50 years. The causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical region are not numerous, but they can prevent the disease, rather than treat it later. Of course, any disease is easier to prevent. Cervical osteochondrosis presupposes a number of preventive measures that are effective, but unfortunately they are neglected by the overwhelming majority.

Causes of cervical osteochondrosis
  • Prevention

Causes of the disease

Earlier, osteochondrosis was considered a disease of adulthood, and people who had lived more than 40 years were ill with them. But every year the age threshold of the disease falls, and it "gets younger", which led to a predisposition to sickness of young people who were 18-20 years old.

The main reasons for the appearance of such pathologies:

Disorder of posture in adolescence

Young people now do not want to follow their posture, which leads to its violation.


The appearance of excess weight increases the load on the spine.

Curvature of the back

The risk of osteochondrosis is increased when the back is bent.

Back injury

Injury to the back causes irreparable harm to any part of the spine.

Metabolic disorders

In case of metabolic disorders, there is also a high probability of osteochondrosis.

Heavy physical labor

Too heavy physical work also leaves indelible prints on the health of the spine in general and in the cervical part in particular.

Low level of physical preparation

The level of physical training also affects the condition of the spine, and the lower it is, the spine is weaker.

Errors in performing complex exercises

Sportsmen may have problems with osteochondrosis during training with the assumption of gross errors in work.


Nervous tension of a modern person and constant stresses also cause irregularities in the cervical vertebrae.

Sedentary lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle or lack of mobility has a tremendous effect on the vertebrae.

Migrated diseases

Osteochondrosis can develop afterwards of the transmitted infections and hypothermia of the body. The disease is, in fact, the result of muscle spasm, which prevents the cervical vertebrae from moving easily, worsening the supply of tissues with blood, and posture is disrupted, resulting in the activation of dystrophic processesin the vertebrae themselves, as well as in the intervertebral discs, which causes narrowing of the intervertebral foramen and pinching of the nerve roots.

The main symptoms of

Symptomatic of cervical osteochondrosis differs somewhat from the rest of the spine.

A closer fit of the vertebrae leads to the fact that even the most minimal changes in one of them compress or dislodge any nerve or vessel, and also squeeze the spinal cord.

It is because of this that a violation of the body's functions can be detected: a disorder of skin sensitivity, dizziness.

Clinical manifestations:

  • Pain in the neck and shoulders, which also extends to the nape, ear and eye area, and does not subside even at night.
  • Pain in the upper limbs, which increases when loads occur.
  • Lower sensitivity of the upper limbs, weakness in the muscles, movement becomes difficult.
  • In the morning, the neck muscles are tense, and the head turns tight, it seems that they "lain" the neck.
  • Turning or tilting the head, sensations of pain in the neck.
  • Sometimes limbs numb, there is a burning sensation or tingling sensation.
  • In the neck and occiput periodically there is unpleasant throbbing pain.
  • Sharp turns of the head cause darkening in the eyes, dizziness or may cause fainting.
  • Appearance of noise in the ears.
  • Visual acuity and hearing loss are reduced.
  • There is a numbness in the tongue.
  • Serious pains occur that do not respond to nitroglycerin, but their intensity changes due to a change in body position.
  • Headache appears in the back of head, crown and temples.
  • In the cervical region there is a so-called "withers", that is, connective tissues proliferate.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Cervicalgia( pain and tension of the neck muscles)

Cervicalgia is a pain syndrome characterized by the pain and tension of the neck muscles, the cervical loses its mobility, dizziness may occur, visual acuity is impaired, vegetative dysfunction may appear.

Pain can be tingling, pulsating, and can also "shoot through".

It is worth doing even the easiest movement, sneeze or cough-as soon as the muscle tension is given pain.

There are also problems with turning the head or tilting it to the side, when the patient has to do it with the whole body.

In addition, patients experience dizziness, occipital pain, tinnitus, numbness in the nape, and numbness in the hands.

The reasons for its occurrence may be:

  • Subcooling.
  • Inconvenient position of the head during sleep.
  • A sitting job that forces you to hold your head for a long time in an uncomfortable position.
  • Physical stresses that lead to overstrain of muscles in the neck area, including sports training in the gym. Injuries to the cervical spine.
  • Infections or tumors of tissues.

Pain in the occipital part of the head, in the shoulders and hands, and pain during the turn of the head indicate the presence of the initial stage of a chronic disease, such as osteochondrosis.

Cervicocranialgia or a posterodular symptom( pain in the cervical-occipital region)

Cervicocranialgia refers to the pain in the cervico-occipital region, the occurrence of which is closely related to the trauma of the cervical spine, degenerative lesions or inflammation.

Its spread often reaches the frontal-temporal lobe, shoulder and arm, and can also be one-sided. In this case, the parties do not change.

The intensity of this pain is moderate, the increase is observed with head movements, palpation of the cervico-occipital muscles, and also with prolonged stay in a position uncomfortable for the head.

Usually the causes of these pains can be either osteoarthritis or osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.

In these cases, pain can be pushed, pierced or pulsed. Light head movements, coughing, muscle tension can cause attacks of aggravation of pain.

The main complaints that patients are treated with:

  • The inability to rotate and tilt the head, for which it is necessary to move the whole body.
  • Numbness of the occipital region and hands.
  • Noise in the ears. Pain in the occipital region, etc.

Cervicobrahialgia or brachialgia( brachyaglia)

Cervicobrachialgia is detected with numbness of the hands, simultaneously with deep lomizing and, often, stabbing pain in the hands or forearms, as well as a feeling of weakness in the upper limbs.

This happens, usually at night.

The disease can develop reflexively, for the most part, those who are engaged in heavy physical labor are subjected to illness, and 9 out of 10 are women.

In this case, vegetative-vascular, muscular-tonic and neurodystrophic manifestations can be observed.

For reflex syndromes, a very characteristic feature is the presence of muscle-tonic reactions, such as muscle spasm.

Treatment of

Treatment should be comprehensive.

In this case, it is necessary to use both medicamentous and non-drug treatment principles, not forgetting about the prevention of possible diseases.

Under medication, there is the use of drugs that relieve pain and inflammation, as well as drugs that improve cerebral circulation.

If there is a pathology in the form of muscle tension, it is recommended to take relaxing medications and vitamin-mineral complexes in therapeutic doses.

An important role in the treatment is given to the methods of physiotherapy:

In all its manifestations, osteochondrosis slowly grows younger from year to year. Now it is diagnosed and at children of school age. Yes, in their case, the treatment is much faster and easier than for middle-aged and, especially, elderly people. It should be noted that the therapy itself should be comprehensive and sufficiently long. To make necessary treatment in a condition only the competent expert - the neuropathologist. Self-medication should be excluded by the patient, as it promises serious consequences and malfunctions in the work of many organ systems. Osteochondrosis - a serious ailment, to the treatment of which you must, respectively, be approached with all seriousness.

Causes of

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a degenerative disease in which the spacing between vertebrae is shortened due to the destructive process between them. The disease provokes a shift in the vertebrae and, as a consequence, pinching of the nerves. In view of this, a person may experience a pronounced symptomatology, which will be described below.

There are the following causes of neck disease:

  • People with osteochondrosis who experience severe vibration regularly and for a long time are prone to osteochondrosis. This applies to drivers of heavy vehicles or workers of other professions, under which a strong vibration on the body is possible.
  • Wrong posture is the main scourge of schoolchildren, students, and, as a consequence, adults. Passing through life, poorly placed posture, a person can have osteochondrosis, both neck and other parts of the spine. This reason is the most common.
  • Lack of activity, lack of mobility. No wonder they say that movement is life. A healthy lifestyle significantly reduces the risk of osteochondrosis of the neck. Fortunately, the love of sport is gradually instilled in society.
  • Not a comfortable bed. Despite the opinion of many, the bed is of great importance in the health of a person's back. For this reason, many are advised to acquire orthopedic pillows and mattresses. It is worth saying that even with the existing osteochondrosis, the "right" bed will contribute to the retreat of pain.

Thus, the causes of the appearance of cervical-type disorders in articular cartilage are elementary, and avoiding them is not so simple. On their basis, there are certain methods of prevention.


Based on the above reasons for osteochondrosis of the cervical region, the following preventive measures can be indicated:

Causes of cervical osteochondrosis
  1. Active way of life. Thanks to a mobile and healthy lifestyle, you can protect yourself from the appearance of a huge number of ailments. There is no need for daily exhausting workouts. The usual charging in the morning of each day is a portion of vivacity and energy. Not a cunning complex of exercises for all muscle groups stimulates blood circulation, not allowing all kinds of failures to invade the body.
  2. Visiting the pool at least once a week is guaranteed to reduce the risk of spinal diseases. The same applies to this type of physiotherapy, such as hydrotherapy. Such physiotherapy procedures can be carried out at home. In addition to the fact that hydrotherapy is a prevention of back problems and joints, it is also extremely pleasant.
  3. The correct arrangement of the bed. As already mentioned, it is recommended to purchase an orthopedic mattress and pillow, so that the body can completely relax during sleep, removing all the load from the back. It is worth noting that the cost of these products is very tangible, so you need to be prepared for serious waste.

Prevention of osteochondrosis does not imply anything complicated and not accessible. Most diseases are not subject to people with good physical fitness. Regular charging and regular jogging or attending a sports hall will reduce the risk of the disease several times.

Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: the causes of appearance, signs and treatment

How to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical department

One of the most common diseases of the spine is the osteochondrosis of the cervical region. This site is susceptible to defeat as much as possible, since it is the most mobile and constantly under load, supporting the head. It arises due to the degenerative-dystrophic processes of the intervertebral discs, the cartilaginous and bone tissue of the vertebrae. The earlier to begin treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, the easier the process proceeds.

Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical department of

Cervical osteochondrosis develops as a result of excessive stress on this part of the spine. The muscles of the neck try to lower it, which leads to spasm, a violation of blood circulation, and as a result - to the degenerative processes in the spine. This disease is dangerous, because close to the area of ​​the lesion is the vertebral artery, which nourishes certain areas of the brain. With the displacement of the discs, the proliferation of fibrous tissue, there is a disruption of the blood vessels.

For successful treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, it is first necessary to establish the cause of the onset, the prerequisites that provoked its development and eliminate them. Until recently, the disease was found only in people aged 45 years. Now young people are exposed to it, the age range is 18-25 years. The main causes and prerequisites for the onset of osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra are:

  • Disorder of posture in young and teenage years.
  • Overweight, obesity of different degrees. Extra pounds increase the load on the vertebrae and discs, which leads to degenerative processes.
  • Curvature of the spine, scoliosis.
  • Back injuries that may have occurred in childhood or adolescence.
  • Disturbance of metabolic processes.
  • Work related to physical labor, which can provoke spine diseases in its various departments.
  • Maloactive lifestyle, sedentary work, improper exercise of any exercise.
  • Stresses, nervous stress have a negative effect on the general condition of the body, can cause the appearance of cervical osteochondrosis.
  • Postponed infectious diseases often become the root cause.
  • Wrong, uncomfortable body position during sleep( eg, uncomfortable pillow).
  • Congenital problems or the presence of hereditary diseases of the cervical spine.

Degrees of development of cervical osteochondrosis

This disease develops for a long time. Osteochondrosis of the cervical region passes through 4 stages of development, each of which has its own characteristic features and features:

  • 1 degree. As a rule, there are no symptoms at this stage, so patients rarely consult a doctor, linking the symptoms that arise occasionally with fatigue, stress. For osteochondrosis of the first degree, the destruction of the pulpous nucleus is characteristic, as a result of which the vertebrae can not bear the load and the degenerative-degenerative processes begin.
  • 2 degree of cervical osteochondrosis. Due to excessive load, cracks form on the side surfaces of the disc, through which the core is squeezed out, increasing tears. At this stage, a protrusion of the disc, a decrease in its height is diagnosed. In the second stage, the patient with an osteochondrosis of the cervical zone experiences pain, which acquires a permanent character. A person has weakness, numbness of individual areas on the face( head), stiffness of movements, caused by fear of provoking, increasing pain.
  • 3 degree. The main characteristic feature of the stage is the formation of the intervertebral hernia in the cervical spine. Under the threat of damage are all nearby blood vessels and tissues: muscles, nerves, connections, artery, veins. At stage 3, there are pains in the occipital region and neck( painful sensations are amplified during head movements), dizziness caused by impaired blood flow in the vertebral artery.
  • 4 degree. At this stage, osteophytes appear - the proliferation of bone tissue in width to increase the area of ​​the vertebra and reduce the load. This leads to pinching of vertebral nerves, narrowing of intervertebral foramen, stiffness and inability to move, damage to neighboring joints. When osteochondrosis of the cervical department of the last degree requires a long-term comprehensive treatment, so it is better not to run and carry out prevention.

Symptoms and signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

For osteochondrosis of the cervical region, there are specific symptoms and signs, unlike diseases in other areas of the spine. This is due to the presence of closely located blood vessels and nerve endings. The place of origin of the pain syndrome depends on the affected nerve roots in a certain area. Each segment is responsible for a specific area, therefore, it is possible to determine its location according to the signs of the manifestation of the disease.

Symptoms inherent in cervical osteochondrosis include:

  • Painful sensations that accompany the patient throughout the day and are localized in the shoulders, neck. Sometimes there is pain in the ears and eyes.
  • Strengthening pain in the hands after physical exertion.
  • Weakness of muscles, difficulty in movements in the upper limbs.
  • The turns or inclinations of the head are accompanied by pain.
  • Periodically observed numbness of the limbs, bakes the palms of the hands, increases the allocation of sweat.
  • Sharp turns can provoke strong sharp pains or even lead to fainting.
  • Noise in the ears, decreased vision, worsening of hearing.
  • Movement coordination disorder.

Diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis

To determine how to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, you should consult a doctor, specialist in this field, and undergo diagnostics. Going to a medical institution, visit a therapist who will refer you to a specialist( this may be an osteopath, a neurologist or a vertebrologist).

The following methods can be used as diagnostics:

  • Radiography. This variant of the study is useful at the first stages of the development of the disease, when only cracks and small changes in the texture are observed.
  • Computed tomography( CT).This method of diagnosis can determine the presence of changes in the vertebrae. But to establish the sizes of a hernia, the degree of compression of vertebrae is not possible.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging( MRI).Ideal for the diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis, since all changes in structure are clearly discernible, it is possible to determine the direction of hernia growth and its size.
  • Ultrasound duplex scanning. Helps to determine if there are blood flow disorders, and that prevents normal circulation in the cervical region of the vertebra.

After carrying out diagnostic measures, a thorough examination of a specialist, the doctor will determine how to treat the osteochondrosis of the spine in the neck. The choice of treatment depends on the stage of the development of the disease, the presence of concomitant pathologies, contraindications to the use of certain drugs, procedures, exercises. Self-medication before consultation with a doctor can aggravate the problem, entail complications, and recovery will be prolonged, it will become more complicated and time-consuming.

Methods of treatment of cervical osteochondrosis

How to cure cervical osteochondrosis? To this end, a variety of methods can be used: taking medications, administering medication by injection;physiotherapeutic procedures;exercise, exercise therapy;surgical intervention;manual effect;massage and traditional medicine. For different degrees of development of the disease, their treatment options are recommended. It all depends on the neglect, the characteristic symptoms of pinching the radicular nerve, as well as other factors.

How to cure cervical osteochondrosis or reduce its manifestation with the help of medicines:

  • Anti-inflammatory preparations of nonsteroidal type. Medications remove swelling, pain syndrome, facilitate the patient's condition. The medicines of this group are: Nyz, Ketonal, Rofecoxib, Celecoxib, Diclofenac, Voltaren, Ketanov, Nimesulid, Movalis.
  • Vitamins B for cervical osteochondrosis. Promote the acceleration of metabolic processes in soft tissues. This group includes preparations of Unigamma, Neurobion, Kombilipen, Milgamma.
  • Trental and Euphyllin - contribute to the normalization of blood flow, improve the nutrition of the roots of nerves, which underwent pathological changes.
  • Recovery stimulators. They help to restore cartilaginous tissue even in a damaged disc. The preparations of the group of chondroprotectors include: Arthra, Kondronova, Alflutop, Chondroitin, Teraflex, Zabii stone, Doppelgerz, Glucosamine, Structuvit.
  • A group of drugs that helps to relieve muscle spasms. This is Sirdalud, Midokalm, Tizalud, Tizanidin.
  • Painkillers - Ibuprofen, Analgin, Meloxicam.

Physiotherapy in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis

Physiotherapeutic procedures favorably affect discs and vertebrae in cervical osteochondrosis. In combination with taking medications, combined treatment helps to get rid of the symptoms of the disease. Procedures are carried out in a hospital or in specialized clinics at polyclinics. Before the beginning of the course it is necessary to consult a doctor, determine the duration of physiotherapy, and types. Strictly forbidden to pass it during an exacerbation.

Physiotherapeutic procedures for cervical osteochondrosis:

  • Magnetotherapy. A safe method of treatment, which consists in the impact on the damaged cells of a low-frequency magnetic field. This gives an analgesic effect, acts as an anti-inflammatory agent.
  • Ultrasound. Favorably affects the metabolic processes in the tissues of the cervical region, which removes puffiness, pain disappears.
  • Electrophoresis. It should be used with painkillers( anesthetics), which are injected under the skin via electronic pulses.
  • Laser therapy. It improves blood circulation in the affected area, relieves swelling of tissues, pain.


Than to treat an osteochondrosis of a cervical department of the house without use of medicines? A common question that worries many patients. The optimal option that will help get rid of the symptoms of the disease, strengthen the muscular corset, is exercise therapy. The exercises are simple, so you can do them yourself at home. Watch the video with an approximate set of exercises for the disease:

Exercises for cervical osteochondrosis of the spine:

  1. Sit on a chair, the back should be flat, keep your head straight. Perform the usual turns of the head in the left, then in the right side, springy tilt back and forth.
  2. The patient lies down on the floor, belly down. From this position, head movements are made to the right, to the left;during the turns you need to get your ear to the floor.
  3. Put your hands on your forehead and tilt your head forward, simultaneously applying resistance to your hand.
  4. Position: standing evenly, hands down down along the body. Raise your shoulders as much as possible and stay for a few seconds in this position. Repeat the exercise ten times.
  5. From the standing position, lower the head as far down as possible, trying to touch the chest with the chin.

Where to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical department in Moscow

To cure osteochondrosis of the cervical department, it is necessary to consult specialists of medical institutions providing such services. In Moscow, the following centers are being treated for treatment:

  1. Bobyr Clinic. Ul. Malomoskovskaya, house 21, building 1. Metro: Alexeyevskaya station. Tel.: 8 495 585 0850;
  2. OJSC "Medicine".Ul.2-nd Tverskoy-Yamskaya Lane, 10. Metro: "Mayakovskaya".Tel.: +7( 495) 204-33-39;
  3. Moscow Center of V. I. Dikul. Ul. Miklouho-Maclay, house 44а.Tel.: +7( 495) 779-25-25;
  4. Workshop of health. Ul. Leninsky Sloboda, house 19, building 6. Metro: Avtozavodskaya. Tel.: +7( 495) 268-12-69;
  5. MEDforYOU.Treatment of spine and joints. Ul. Paliha, 13/1.Subway: Novoslobodskaya. Tel.: +7( 495) 268-05-42.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine - can provoke various kinds of complications( headaches, deterioration of hearing and coordination), if not begin to be treated promptly. For maximum effect, it is necessary to use several methods in a complex manner. For example, medicines and massage, physiotherapy and folk methods. A physician specializing in spine pathologies can prescribe effective and effective treatment options.

Cervical osteochondrosis is the second most often degenerative degenerative disease after osteochondrosis of the lumbar region. In recent years, this pathology is found not only among middle-aged people, but also among young people.

The main causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

  • A sedentary lifestyle in which muscle weakness and malnutrition occur. This leads, in turn, to an increase in the burden on the cervical spine.
  • Occupational hazards that lead to microtrauma in the cervical spine. The increase in the dystrophic changes in the cervical vertebrae is caused by: sharp turns, unbending and bending of the neck, vibration, and a prolonged forced position of the body.
  • Improper diet and obesity, leading to metabolic disorders. At the same time, the inflow of nutrients and oxygen to all parts of the spine is reduced.
  • Viral infections, chronic diseases.
  • Abnormal development of the spine, postural disorders, pregnancy.
  • Increased stress on the spine: lifting weights, wearing shoes with high heels.
  • The state of stress and tension of the nervous system.
  • Long stay in the cold, smoking.

Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

Vertebrae in this department of the spine have a tight arrangement. Therefore, even with a small change in one vertebra, the function of the entire cervical region is disrupted. Very often there is a displacement or depression of blood vessels and nerves, infringement of a spinal cord.

The following signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are distinguished:

  1. Periodic or persistent neck pain in the morning, which is acute or aching. There is an increase in pain when turning the head. The pain intensifies during laughter, coughing, and sneezing. Pain sensations can spread into the area between the shoulder blades, the shoulder or fingers.
  2. Muscle tension in the neck, with possible difficulty breathing.
  3. Stiffness and limited movements. In this case, the patient tries to keep his head in a safer position, not causing pain.
  4. Sensation of a crunch in the back of the neck when the head turns.
  5. Increased or decreased sensation of the skin of the occiput, shoulders, neck, hands. Such signs may be tingling, burning, numbness, a feeling of crawling.
  6. Restriction of movement in the shoulder-and-shoulder joint, painful syndrome when moving the elbow joint.

One of the important symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis is dizziness. Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine affect not only the musculoskeletal system, but also other organs and systems of the body. The patient may experience headaches, interruptions in the work of the heart. Painful sensations can go to the right hypochondrium or into the epigastric region. There are problems with eyesight, hearing.

Cervical osteochondrosis is manifested by general fatigue and pallor of the skin, sweating and pressure drops, decreased sexual desire and urination disorder. Dizziness and fainting are possible. The patient should not ignore the appearance of such symptoms. This also applies to the symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. It is necessary to immediately contact a specialist for examination.

Severe consequences of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be such pathologies as protrusion of the cervical spine and intervertebral hernia. The most dangerous consequence of osteochondrosis is vascular disorders. They are manifested by squeezing the arteries of the spine, which carry the nutrition of the brain.

Special attention should be paid to the development of osteochondrosis in pregnant women. During pregnancy, the figure of a woman changes. There is a bend of the vertebral column in the lumbar region. This affects the cervical and other parts of the spine. In order to avoid the development of osteochondrosis, a balanced diet and periodic discharge of the spine is recommended to a woman.

Diagnosis of cervical osteochondrosis

To clarify the diagnosis, first of all, a survey and examination of the patient. Clinical signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are revealed. The patient receives a referral to a radiographic examination of the spine in lateral and direct projections. More modern methods of research are computed tomography and MRI.

Compared with magnetic resonance imaging, CT is less informative. Both diagnostic methods allow to determine the presence of protrusion and hernia of the cervical spine.

In order to exclude diseases of the digestive tract, heart and vessels during the diagnosis, use other methods of examination: endoscopy, ECG, ultrasound.

Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis

Currently, the complex treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra is being conducted. The following therapies are used:

  • manual therapy and therapeutic massage;
  • physiotherapy( electrophoresis, paraffin applications on the neck);
  • wearing a special collar and exercise therapy;
  • acupuncture and electrostimulation;
  • pharmacotherapy: antispasmodics, analgesics, preparations of the NSAID group.

Chondroprotectors, B vitamins are indicated for the treatment of the chronic form of the osteochondrosis of the neck. Ointments or gels for external use are used.

Prevention of the disease consists in the observance of proper nutrition, active way of life, observance of safety rules during heavy physical exertion. Important factors for the prevention of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are a comfortable bed and the correct posture during sleep. To form a correct posture, gymnastics is useful.

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