Does it hurt the leg from the knee to the foot, than to treat it?
Only a few decades ago, only elderly people were able to pay tribute to the pain in their legs. At the same time, diseases are getting younger and it's no longer a rarity when the leg hurts from the knee to the foot of the child. Often young people complain about such problems.
Possible causes of pain
If you feel discomfort in your legs, do not rush to take painkillers that can drown out the problem. After all, they can not eliminate it. If you do not want the feeling of discomfort to become your eternal companion, if you have any worries, it's better to go to a specialist.After all, if you have a pain from the knee to the foot, the reasons may be as follows:
• Injury. Often, aching pain accompanied by cracks, thinning of the bones, delamination of tissues.
• Damage to tendons, their tears or sprains.
• Inflammatory processes. They can affect both ligaments, and synovial bags or muscles.
• Hypodynamia. Absence of activity leads to certain violations, which are accompanied by a set of weight. The joints and muscles of the legs are not ready for this.
• Blockage of arteries, varicose veins. In such cases, there is a compressive pain in the calf muscles. Atherosclerosis is accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the legs, which increase with walking.
• Knee injury or cyst damage.
• Flat feet, some diseases of the spine. These problems lead to an incorrect distribution of the load on the legs and, as a consequence, a feeling of pain.
To understand what to do, when the leg is hurt from the knee to the foot, it is important to correctly establish the diagnosis. Only in this case the doctor will be able to prescribe a treatment that will not only eliminate the consequences of the illness in the form of unpleasant sensations, but also be able to cope with the cause of its appearance.
Often discomfort occurs as a result of prolonged exertion. Problems manifest as minor pain while walking. Patients tend to underestimate them, because they do not know that in most cases any discomfort is indicative of the inflammation that has begun.
Also, one of the most common causes of what hurts the leg from the knee to the foot are problems with the spine. Unpleasant sensations are amplified by squeezing the nerve roots. It can be with osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, spondylosis.As a rule, the pain is not localized at any one point, it extends to a width of up to 15 cm. This is evidence of extensive damage to the muscular structures of the foot. By the way, it was found that smokers complain more often that they hurt their legs, feet, knees. To establish an accurate diagnosis, it is not enough to visit one surgeon or an osteopath, sometimes a neurologist or phlebologist can determine the cause of the pain. It is also necessary to check the heart, the work of the vessels.
Atherosclerosis of the extremities
If you feel a feeling of squeezing in your legs, then you can not stand and wait for discomfort, you can not. After all, with time, severe pain begins, which does not even allow full movement. The disease is characterized by worsening of the blood flow in the arteries. Most often, atherosclerosis occurs in smokers, people suffering from diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension. Heredity also matters.
To determine the disease can usual blood biochemistry, it is judged by the level of cholesterol. In addition to painful sensations, cramps that occur during physical activity should be alerted.
Treatment of atherosclerosisAt the first stages of the development of the disease symptoms are manifested only with vasospasms. But over time and in a relaxed state, people feel that the leg is hurting from the knee to the foot.
Treatment may include droppers with the drug "Ilomedin", "Actovegin", also recommend the funds "Cardiomagnolo", "Vazilip".Doctors at such disease advise to start to move more. If an attack of pain occurs while walking, then you must wait until it passes, and then continue to walk, but at a slower pace. It is important to follow a diet with low cholesterol, to give up fatty meat, egg yolks, sausages, smoked products. Use preferably unrefined and unrefined vegetable oil. It promotes the "resorption" of existing atherosclerotic plaques.
If you have a leg from knee to foot due to atherosclerosis, it's up to the expert to decide what to treat. He can prescribe the sequestrants of bile acids - they are designed to normalize the level of cholesterol. These can be preparations "Quantanan", "Questran", "Kolestid".Also, funds can be allocated "Zokor", "Lipostat", "Choletar".With diabetes, fibrates are prescribed - preparations "Clofibrate", "Bezafibrate".They lower the level of triglycerides in the blood.
If medications do not help, then surgeons will come to the rescue.
Varicose veinsOften, the cause of pain in the lower leg is a thrombosis of the vessels. Blood clots in the veins lead to stagnation and overstretch of the walls of the vessels. In such cases, the leg hurts from knee to foot all the time. Discomfort intensifies toward evening after exercise. The pain is aching in this case.
This condition is quite dangerous, because clots can migrate. They can move to the arteries of the lungs or the brain. This can cause strokes or thromboembolism of the pulmonary arteries.
Methods of treatment of varices
Even with the appearance of the initial stages of the disease, it can not be left without attention. If you have a genetic predisposition to the development of the disease, then a phlebologist should be examined every 2 years. At the same time, ultrasound examination of veins is mandatory.
It is important not to forget about the need for compression therapy. Under the influence of compression, the diameter of the veins decreases, reflux can pass, and the speed of blood flow can increase. Also, medicines are used that increase the tone of the veins, improve the permeability of capillaries. It can be such means as "Routine", "Venarus", "Endotelon", "Escuzan", "Vazobral", "Glivenol" and the like.
The main treatment is to conduct phlebectomy. This is an operation during which the problematic veins are removed. Laser coagulation is also possible. With this minimally invasive method, you can get rid of problems without incisions. Staying in a hospital is not required.
Also without incisions, treatment can be performed using radio frequency coagulation. This method allows eliminating reflux in small or large subcutaneous veins without surgery. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia with ultrasound control of the process.
One of the modern methods is sclerotherapy. This is the gluing of veins with the help of a special drug that is injected into a vein.
Inflammatory processes of
As a result of increased loads on the legs and a combination of a number of unfavorable factors, a person may encounter what the leg hurts from the knee to the foot when walking, running and even at rest. This can be caused by arthritis, bursitis, tendititis, osteomyelitis, fasciitis. Each of the diseases can even lead to a limitation of the person's mobility.Only a specialist can diagnose and select a treatment regimen. These diseases are accompanied by pain, swelling, sometimes the affected areas turn red, local hyperthermia appears.
Treatment of inflammatory processes of
Before starting treatment of pain in the joints, which causes discomfort to spread from the foot to the knee, it is important to establish the true problem.
Often, edema resulting from bursitis can spread to the leg muscles, causing pain and a feeling of heaviness. To establish the diagnosis it is possible at visual survey on a bulging round swelling. It is confirmed by ultrasound. For treatment appoint non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, painkillers, for example, the drug "Ibuprofen" or "Codeine."
The various arthritis that affects the joint can also cause the leg to ache from the knee to the foot. What to do in this situation, you need to deal with a specialist. After all, discomfort, as a rule, occurs immediately in two legs. For treatment, the same analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs are often used. High efficiency is shown by physiotherapeutic procedures, restoration of cartilage by means of laser and HILT-therapy.
Injuries and SurgeAny overload of joints and leg muscles, their excessive stretching, and even more so, blows, do not always pass without a trace. Various lesions are often complicated by the onset of inflammatory processes. If you have after the load, and the more trauma hurt the leg from the knee to the foot, than do not choose to treat yourself. Having silenced at any time the aching sensations, later you can face more serious problems.
Muscle lesions are characterized by the fact that at first the pain is localized on the inner side of the tibia, slightly above the ankle. When you try to turn the foot or stand on tiptoe, it increases. When the muscles are stretched, the shin appears to be heavy, swollen. At palpation there is a marked soreness, it increases with movements. Sensations usually occur after excessive exercise, often they appear only after 12 or even 24 hours.
If you feel a sharp pain localizing in the back of the shin with a muscle strain, like a strong blow, you can assume a muscle rupture. At the same time, the tendon is partially and sometimes completely detached from them.
Also, pain can occur due to inflammation of the ligaments, damage to the Achilles tendon and other problems. It can also occur as a result of a fracture of the bones of the lower leg. Each of the conditions requires consultation with the surgeon and choosing an individual treatment regimen.
Action tactics for mechanical damage
If you have stretched the ligaments, broken your leg or overstretched your muscles, you should go to the doctor. Only he is able to determine the true cause of the problems. So, with bruises, it is often enough to apply cold and tightly bandage the affected area.
When stretching ligaments, dislocations or muscle rupture, it is important to immobilize the patient. Often a plaster bandage is applied to the lower leg. It is also mandatory for fracture. In this case, the patient is forbidden to climb to his feet. Drug treatment is the taking of painkillers. The preparation "Paracetamol", "Ibuprofen" can be prescribed.
If the Achilles tendon is damaged, then two joints are immobilized - the ankle and knee joint. Attack on the injured leg is prohibited.
Why can there be pain in the muscles of the legs?
As a rule, most people do not take seriously to such a condition as pain in the leg muscles. Some write off such feelings for physical overload, others - for uncomfortable shoes. To some extent - it really is. If the pain in the muscles of the legs is not strong and passes by itself after rest, then there is no reason to worry. But in the case when a person is concerned about constant pain, then one should think about more serious reasons, rather than banal fatigue.
What muscles can hurt?
The first thing you need to understand is that the muscles of the thigh and lower leg can not only be affected by the damage to the muscle tissue, such symptoms can develop because of the joints, bones, ligaments, vessels and nerves of the lower extremities, as well as due to pathologyspine, connective tissue diseases, metabolic disorders, deficiency in the body of certain substances, infectious diseases.
Muscle pain in medicine is commonly called myalgia. Myalgia can occur in various groups of leg muscles, in some cases soreness is felt in all muscles of the lower limbs. It is very important to tell the doctor which muscles of your legs are hurting you. In some cases, this will help the doctor to presume the correct diagnosis, to suspect this or that disease.
All the muscles of the lower extremities are divided into 4 groups according to anatomical features:
- muscles of the pelvic leg belt( among which the largest are the large, medium and small gluteal muscles);
- muscles of the anterior and posterior femoral group( four and biceps femoris muscle);
- leg muscles( triceps and calf muscles);
- muscles of the foot.
Basic muscles of the lower extremities
It is also important to distinguish what exactly hurts - joints, bones or still muscle mass. Many patients confuse these pathological sensations, and in some cases all the above-mentioned anatomical structures can get sick.
The main causes of pain syndrome
As mentioned, the causes of pain in the muscles of the legs can be very diverse. To establish, why legs hurt - it is very important, after all treatment directly depends on it.
Let's first look at the physiological causes of muscle pain. First, the pain occurs when physical overload, for example, after a long walk or run in an untrained person. Blame all lactic acid. The fact is that this substance accumulates in the muscle tissue with excessive overloads( it does not have time to get out of the muscles and causes pain).Probably, every person at least once felt such a pain, which in the people is called krepature.
Painful sensations at the strength are not strong, as a rule, there is a aching pain in the muscles of the legs, which increases with movements in tired limbs. The localization of soreness depends on which group of muscles was strengthened the day before, for example, the muscles of the anterior hip group will ache during squats, and the calf muscles when standing on the socks.
Secondly, pain in the muscles of the legs can arise from prolonged immobilization of the limbs. For example, flying in an airplane in a sitting position, holding a working day sitting at a table or standing behind a counter. At the same time in the vessels of the legs stagnation of venous blood arises - the muscular pump of the lower legs does not work, which helps to move the blood from the legs towards the heart. In this case, endotoxins accumulate in the tissues, microcirculation is broken, muscle cells succumb to oxygen starvation, pain receptors of the venous walls, etc., are activated, which causes painful sensations.
As a rule, there is a stitching pain in the legs, dull or aching, which is accompanied by a feeling of raspiraniya and very heavy legs( "leaden legs").Pass such painful feelings after rest. To help your body to cope faster with stagnation of blood, you can give your feet an elevated position( above the level of the heart).In this case, the blood will quickly recede from the lower extremities.
High-heel walking is often the cause of muscle pain in the legs of women
By the way, if the prerequisites for venous congestion are present regularly( the nature of the work activity), then this is a serious risk factor for developing varicose veins of the lower extremities, and such a simple exercise,how to put your feet on the pillow after a day's work, is an excellent prevention of the disease.
If, after analyzing the situation, you did not find any factor that can cause physiological pain in the muscles of the legs, you should think about the pathology, which is accompanied by such symptoms, especially if the pain is strong or prolonged.
Defeat of muscles
Myalgia often occurs with inflammation of the muscles( myositis), which happens to be of different etiologies. Myositis affects the muscle fibers themselves. Any skeletal muscle, including the leg muscles, can be drawn into the pathological process.
The most common cause of myositis is a viral infection. For example, all those who had the flu, firsthand know about the pain in the muscles. Also, myositis can occur with connective tissue diseases( dermatomyositis, polymyositis, rheumatic fibromyalgia), develop as a reaction to trauma.
In this case, there are pulling pains in the muscles of the legs, which are significantly strengthened in any movement, in some cases in the thickness of the muscle tissue can be palpated seals. If myositis is caused by a common infectious disease, then there will be its symptoms, a rise in temperature.
Joint and spine pathology
Very often pain in the joints is taken by the patient as a pain in the muscles. Masked under myalgia may be such diseases as deforming osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, osteoporosis. Only a doctor can determine the correct diagnosis after additional laboratory and instrumental studies.
The pathology of the spine, in particular of its lumbar region, is often accompanied by pain in the lower limbs. The development of such pain is based on the anatomical features of the innervation of the lower limb.
When the intervertebral disc collapses( osteochondrosis), the nerve roots of the spinal cord are squeezed between adjacent vertebrae. If the pathological process is localized in the lumbar spine, the nerve endings that come out of the spine and innervate the lower limbs are damaged.
Osteochondrosis and its complications( intervertebral hernia) with compression of the nerve roots are often accompanied by pain in the muscles of the legs
This kind of pain can occur in two ways. In the first case, there is a sharp pain in the leg muscle( on the back of the thigh and lower leg), which patients characterize as a lumbago, some talk about the similarity of such painful sensations with an electric shock. The pain arises suddenly( as a rule, with sudden movement, lifting of the load), causes the person to freeze in the posture in which the pain overtook him, and after 15-20 minutes he lets go, leaving behind aching soreness.
If the nerve fibers are constantly susceptible to pathological effects, for example, irritation with osteophytes( bone growths) or compression of the intervertebral hernia, the pain is chronic. She constantly worries a person, strengthens with movements. This significantly worsens the quality of life of the patient, makes him constantly take pain medication, which is not always effective in such cases.
Diseases of the vessels
Pain in the legs can cause both damage to the arteries and veins. With atherosclerosis of the arteries of the legs, their lumen narrows. This leads to a lack of blood circulation in the muscles of the lower extremities and to typical manifestations of pathology. A symptom of atherosclerotic lesion is a symptom of intermittent claudication - leg pain( more often it's the calf muscles) occurs during walking and causes a person to stop, after rest the soreness passes and the patient continues the way. Also, signs that indicate atherosclerosis of the vessels of the legs are hair loss on the legs, atrophy of the muscles of the lower extremities, weakening of the peripheral pulse on the feet, and their low temperature.
With atherosclerotic lesions of the leg vessels, the muscles do not receive the required amount of blood and nutrients, which leads to ischemia and pain.
The most common disease of the lower limb veins that can cause leg pain is varicose veins. In this case, stagnation of venous blood develops, and the disease can be complicated by thrombosis or inflammation( thrombophlebitis).
Lesion of peripheral nervesMore article:
Pain in the leg below the knee
Pain in the legs can develop with neuritis, polyneuropathies and neuralgia of peripheral nerve fibers. A common disease is sciatica - an inflammation of the sciatic nerve. In this case, there is a pulling pain that is localized in the buttock region and falls down the back surface of the thigh.
The common cause of pain in the legs and feet is diabetes. This disease develops a complication in the form of polyneuropathy( the defeat of small nerve fibers).In this case, patients complain of burning pain, a violation of sensitivity, paresthesia.
Parasitic infestations of
It's no secret that there are many parasites in nature, most of which have found shelter in the human body. There are a lot of parasitic infestations that can damage the muscles, but most of them are exotic diseases and are rare in our country. Among the diseases that occur among patients of domestic doctors, you can call trichinosis and cysticercosis.
Trichinosis is a parasitic disease that is caused by a helminth trichinella. When infected, the larvae of Trichinella penetrate the blood stream into the muscles of the body, where they settle. In this case, there are very strong muscle pains, which are often accompanied by fever and various allergic manifestations.
Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection that is caused by the larval stage of the pork chain( helminth).In this case, in the internal organs and in the muscles larvae settle, which can be felt in the form of rounded dense formations.
Trichinella larvae that enter the body together with infected pork meat penetrate the muscles and cause severe pain
Leg muscles often develop seizures, especially in the calves. These are sudden, sharp and very painful contractions of muscle fibers.
There are a lot of reasons for this phenomenon. Among them: lack of magnesium, calcium and potassium in the body, dehydration, leg vessel diseases, exchange-endocrine disorders.
What should I do?
So, your leg muscles ache. The first thing to do is to determine whether physiological or pathological pain is present. After analyzing your lifestyle, you need to identify factors that can provoke soreness in your legs, which is considered the norm. For example, on the eve of the symptoms you ran a cross or went to the forest for mushrooms. In such cases, further examination and treatment will not be necessary. It will be enough to have normal rest and a sparing regimen for tired muscles. If the pain worsens the quality of your life, for example, after a walk yesterday, legs hurt, and today again it is necessary to go on the road, then you can use painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs( tablets and ointment).
If the cause of soreness is not invested in the physiology or pain is sharp, accompanied by burning or cramps, it is necessary to search for the cause of the pathology. To do this, you need to undergo a full medical examination. To address it is necessary to such experts, as the therapist, the traumatologist-orthopedist, phlebologist, the vascular surgeon, the rheumatologist.
After finding out the reason, the doctor will be able to make a correct and effective treatment program, which will include medical treatment, physiotherapy, physiotherapy, and in some cases even a surgical operation.
Why the legs hurt below the knees
If a person has aching legs below the knees - this is a symptom of numerous diseases. The region of the shin consists of several groups of anatomical structures: muscles, ligaments, tibial and fibular bones, a set of nerve plexuses, vessels.
To facilitate the differentiation of the pain syndrome, physicians divide the shin into the anterior and posterior parts, which are delimited on one side by the inner edge of the tibia, and on the other by the posterior part of the fibula( together with the ankle).In front of more muscle structures, and behind it are ligaments, vessels and nerves.
For what reasons do
's legs ache? The most often hurt below the knee of the foot due to high physical exertion. Minor injuries of the tendons do not cause strong clinical symptoms, except for periodic ciliary pain when walking.
Mechanical damage over time with constant physical exertion is complicated by inflammatory changes, so there is swelling in the area of damage to the front of the shin.
The second most common cause of pain syndrome below the knees are spinal diseases, in which the nerve root is compressed( intervertebral hernia, pronounced osteochondrosis, spondylosis).It increases with sharp bends of the body and palpation of the posterior region of the shin.
The third reason for aching legs is bursitis( inflammatory changes in the knee), which occurs as a consequence of arthrosis of the knee joint or injury to its meniscus.
In severe narrowing of the articular cleft of the knee, cartilage structures are damaged with the formation of an inflammatory fluid. It accumulates in tendinous vaginas, therefore at a pathology edema of a popliteal fossa is observed. It can be felt on the back of the knee joint.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities or thrombosis of blood vessels( clots of blood clots) also lead to pain below the knee, since with this pathology, stagnation of blood is noted, leading to overgrowth of the vessel wall. Against this background, pain in the calf region is constantly observed. It is aching and intensifies in the evening.
When the legs are still aching below the knee:
- Vascular atherosclerosis( accumulation of fatty plaques),
- Inflammation of bones( osteomyelitis),
- Decrease in calcium, magnesium, alkali and potassium in the blood.
- Disturbance of bone formation in children and adolescents( Osgood-Schlatter disease).
Symptoms combined with shin aches
Usually pain below the knee is not localized. The width of its distribution is 10-15 cm, which testifies to the extensive damage to the anatomical structures of the foot. Pain syndrome increases with exercise and is weakened when it stops.
The severity of the syndrome is increased in smokers, as they have a violation of blood supply in the place of injury.
In vein thrombosis, leg pains below the knees are severe enough. Pathology poses a serious danger to human life, since a blood clot can migrate into the arteries of the lung or brain. This increases the likelihood of fatal conditions - pulmonary embolism( PE) and strokes.
Atherosclerosis is not as dangerous as thrombosis, but in smokers it can be combined with Raynaud's disease( a spasm of small vessels), which forms constant aching pains on the posterior surface of the calf at the site of the gastrocnemius muscles.
In osteomyelitis of the tibia or fibula, the soreness of the lower knee is combined with purulent secretions on the surface of the skin through the opened fistula. Their intensity depends heavily on the state of the human immune system.
For athletes, the knee meniscus damage is more typical. In this case, the pain syndrome is combined with the limitation of mobility.
What are the sensations when leg soreness is below the knees of
? At most pathological changes below the knees, a "goose bump" along the leg muscular structures first appears. Initially, this symptom is not characterized by pain, but over time, a person develops a feeling of "boiling water poured on the skin."Gradually there is a throbbing pain that disturbs a person throughout the whole working day. It is necessary to lower the pace of walking and choose the most convenient position to reduce soreness.
If you do not treat the above symptoms, increases the intensity of clinical signs. After running, the foot begins to "twist" so that the person needs to lie down for several days to restore health.
The final stage - the burning sensation becomes unbearable. After walking, a feeling of heat is created. Symmetrically on both sides formed similar signs.
How to treat the pain of the shin
- To reduce the sensitivity of sensations in the pathology of the shin can be medicamentous and folk remedies. With inflammatory changes, doctors prescribe NSAIDs( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) that can be used in the form of tablets, ointments and creams.
- Treating varicose veins of the lower limbs is necessary for a long time. In addition to a tight bandage in this situation, ointments are used to strengthen the venous wall( troxevasin, venoruton).
- Treatment of diseases of the spine is more complex and requires the use of chondroprotectors( teraflex, alflutope), muscle relaxants( midolgans), NSAIDs and even novocaine blockades. Intervertebral hernias often require surgical treatment.
- From folk remedies, you can advise a pack of honey. It is enough to lubricate the pain area with honey and tie it with a clean bandage to relieve the condition. Walk with such a compress should be throughout the day.
Thus, the legs hurt below the knees for a variety of reasons. In most cases, the pain is not completely cured. The combination of medications and folk methods removes the limitations of mobility, but the treatment of pathology is necessary regularly and for a long time.
Thrombosis of veins
As a rule, the pain in the shin causes deep vein thrombosis. This occurs when blood is stagnant due to a passive lifestyle. In addition, the causes of thrombosis can become:
- excess weight;
- reception of certain drugs.
Pain in vein thrombosis is traumatic. The patient complains that his leg "breaks" or "pulls".Also, some patients complain of "heaviness in the foot" when trying to unbend or bend the foot in the ankle joint.
If the thrombus resolves, the pain will pass. But do not wait for it to happen on your own. Consult a doctor, as the separation of the blood clot can cause very serious complications, including death.
Among the less dangerous complications of venous thrombosis, there is a violation of blood flow in the bone region. For example, insufficient blood supply of the tibia later leads to its deformation and fracture. Therefore, it is recommended to seek professional help already at the first symptoms of the disease.
Violation of the venous valves leads to a disorder of blood circulation, while under the skin appear crimson dark blue or purple veins. This condition can be accompanied by a dull aching pain in the area of the affected vessels and a feeling of "heaviness" on the entire surface of the shin. A characteristic symptom is pain intensification with a long standing in one pose. It is also worthwhile to suspect varicose veins, if you constantly have feet.
What if the legs are constantly "whining" and "buzzing" with varicose veins? Treatment consists in wearing dense compression stockings. If they still use pain, consult a doctor about the beginning of venotonics and pain medications.
Vasculitis is an inflammation of the internal membrane of the vessels. Pain in the lower leg with vasculitis is very intense and has a constant burning character. Heaviness and pain are intensified when the position of the limb changes. To distinguish inflammation from other conditions can be due to the presence of edema, redness of the skin in the affected area and general symptoms( weakness, fever).
What if the shin is aching in vasculitis? Treatment consists in the use of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs.
Atherosclerosis is characterized by damage and densification of the internal wall of the arteries. Their lumen tapers or completely overlaps, resulting in impaired blood circulation. With the development of atherosclerosis in the vessels of the tibia, pain and convulsions can be noted in this area. Usually they arise with long walking, climbing the stairs and other loads, accompanied by increased heart rate and increased load on the muscles.
In mild cases, the pain passes after rest. But if the arteries are strongly narrowed or blocked, it can take a permanent character and persist even at rest. Pain in atherosclerosis can be accompanied by a feeling of "heaviness" and a change in skin color in the foot area. Also, atherosclerosis can indicate poorly healing wounds.
If untreated, this condition will cause tissue necrosis. If the shin skin becomes pale, assumes a blue or dark blue hue, blacken the feet, immediately consult a doctor - you may need surgery to restore normal blood flow to the lower extremities.
Atherosclerosis risk groups are people with such diseases as: