Medication for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Even at the first signs of cervical osteochondrosis, drug therapy is prescribed. Symptoms can be eliminated with an ordinary analgesic pill, but the destruction of the intervertebral disc will continue, and the next time it does not help.
How to stop the destruction of the
disc Medication for cervical osteochondrosis starts with chondroprotectors that stimulate the regenerative processes in the cartilaginous tissue. They are prescribed at all stages of the disease. But the earlier treatment with these drugs begins, the greater the probability of maintaining the intervertebral disc. These properties are possessed by chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. The best therapeutic effect is provided by a combination of these active substances. Today KONDRONOV, Artra, Teraflex, Hondro are popular.
Another good property of these drugs is the ability to exert analgesic action and relieve inflammation of tissues. The effect of their use in osteochondrosis is felt after several months of constant reception - the pain gradually decreases and the mobility of the spine improves.
In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, chondroprotectors are often taken internally, but sometimes intramuscular injections are prescribed. Special contraindications and complications of the tablet, even with prolonged use, do not.
How to get rid of pain
The healing qualities of chondroprotectors will be noticeable after a few months, and the symptoms of osteochondrosis are already preventing you from living. Pain in the neck, hands;dizziness and do not want to think about anything. Sleep anxious, tired and annoying. What's next? How to treat?Depending on the intensity of the pain symptom, preparations containing paracetamol( Panadol, Medipirin 500, Efferalgan, Tylenol, Daleron, Alka Seltzer plus) can help. They reduce pain in osteochondrosis and have a slight anti-inflammatory effect. Adverse events occur only with their long-term use.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) quickly relieve pain and improve general condition. The choice is great: Meloxicam, Nimesulide, Celecoxib, Ibuprofen, Voltaren and Diclofenac. These are tablets, capsules, suppositories, ointments and solutions for injections. They have serious contraindications:
- ulcerative and erosive diseases of the stomach and intestines;
- blood pressure instability;
- chronic heart disease and other organs in the acute stage;
- individual intolerance.
- Always use NSAIDs with your doctor!
Tablets are given a 1 to 2 week course, which, if necessary, is repeated. For a faster and more pronounced analgesic effect in the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, intramuscular injections are prescribed.
In the initial stages, osteochondrosis can be treated using irritating and anti-inflammatory ointments. Ointment Voltaren, Ketonal, Dolobene gel is in the medicine cabinet for everyone who is familiar with the pain in the spine.
Ointments containing NSAIDs are applied to a small area and do not accumulate in other tissues. Such use does not cause complications inherent in tablet forms or injections and can reduce the dose of painkillers taken internally.
The pain in osteochondrosis is so strong that the usual intake of drugs does not help. Then blockades are prescribed - local administration of pain medication( novocaine, lidocaine), interrupting the transmission of a pain signal to the brain.
One of the causes of pain in osteochondrosis is a spasm of the muscles that hold the neck in a forced safe position. With prolonged conditions, it is better to treat with muscle relaxants removing this tension. Mydocalm, Sirdalut are more effective in combination with anesthetics.
What else will help with osteochondrosisAnother advise to read:
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
In cases of complications of cervical osteochondrosis, cerebral circulation is disturbed. In this case, the use of psychotropic drugs is desirable. They are prescribed for 2 - 4 weeks and are given only by prescription. Patients in a short time feel improved performance, memory, reducing headaches and normalizing sleep. The elderly are in high spirits, gait becomes sure, irritability and night fears disappear.
In the second and third stages of osteochondrosis, antiaggregants are used that reduce blood viscosity, angioprotectors and venotonicks, improving the permeability and elasticity of the vascular wall. These drugs improve the microcirculation of the brain and tissues of the near-vertebral space.
Vitamins and microelements
Vitamins remain indispensable in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. Often, the appointment of B vitamins alone is sufficient to eliminate chronic pain. They enhance metabolic processes, improve the conductivity of nerve impulses, restore sensitivity and strengthen immunity. You can use a schematic treatment with vitamins B1, B6 and B12, but you can use intramuscular injections of Milgamma, containing all three vitamins.
Is useful and "Aevit" - a complex of vitamin A and E, improving microcirculation. Calcium D3, which strengthens bones and periarticular tissues. To treat osteochondrosis, complex preparations are also used: Aerovit, Duovit, Alphabet. They are applied after eating in the morning during the month.
Modern medicine has medicines that can eliminate the dangerous symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Chondroprotectors stop the destruction of the intervertebral disc. Timely and correctly selected symptomatic medical treatment for many years pushes the development of complications.
Medical treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spineA characteristic feature of osteochondrosis in the cervical spine is its wide distribution, including in young able-bodied people. With age, the incidence increases. Therapy of pathology is complex with the use of drugs of various pharmacological groups.
Causes and mechanism of development of
Cervical osteochondrosis is a pathology of the spine, which can manifest itself already at a young age due to the influence of such causative factors:
- genetic predisposition, i.e.the disease is transmitted hereditarily from parents to children;
- suffered neck injuries;
- instability of cervical vertebrae;
- improper diet and bad habits;
- violation of the regime of work and rest with insufficient duration of sleep, low mobility and static loads on the neck.
All these causes lead to a gradual change in the structure of the cartilages of the intervertebral joints and discs with their thinning and destruction. The height between the vertebrae decreases, the change in their proportional relationship to each other develops with slight curvatures. This causes infringement of roots of a spinal cord and their inflammation that in many respects defines displays of disease.
A characteristic feature in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is compression of the vertebral artery, which passes in the bone channel formed in the transverse processes of the vertebrae of the neck. Since the brain is 30% fed from this artery, its narrowing leads to symptoms of cerebral circulatory insufficiency.
The main manifestation of pathology is the pain that appears in the neck area, its intensity increases with movement. It can give to the upper limb on the one hand, with the concomitant feeling of numbness of the skin, which is associated with the infringement of the sensitive fibers of the spinal root. In the case of lesion of motor fibers, weakness in the hand is observed on the side of the lesion. Reduction of the diameter of the vertebral artery due to compression causes dizziness, pain in the vertex, vision and hearing impairment. This is due to a decrease in the amount of blood flow in the brain.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
The treatment of this pathology is complex, aimed at eliminating the influence of causative factors, reducing pain and inflammation, releasing and restoring the injured spinal roots, improving the blood supply to the brain. Drug treatment of cervical osteochondrosis involves the use of such drug groups:
- painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs - this group of drugs reduces the severity of pain by reducing inflammation( Diclofenac, Orthofen, Revmoxicam, Ketanov).They are used in several dosage forms. In severe pain, for an early onset of the effect, injections( parenteral administration) are used, the drug is administered intramuscularly or intravenously. Then, as the pain decreases, the taking of tablets or capsules( oral intake) begins. In parallel, apply an ointment or gel with an anti-inflammatory component( Diklak-gel, Fastum-gel), which are applied to the skin of the neck in the projection of pain. The active substance is delivered through the skin to the site of inflammation and further reduces its severity;
- muscle relaxants are medications that cause relaxation of the striated muscles of the neck, spasmodic due to inflammation. This helps to reduce the degree of infringement of the spinal roots( Midokalm);
- chondroprotectors are preparations for improving nutrition and restoring cartilage tissue( Teraflex).Medicines of this group are taken in the form of capsules by a long course, if necessary, it is repeated six months later;
- B vitamins restore metabolic processes in the damaged roots of the spinal nerves, which were subjected to infringement. Optimum for use are the combined preparations containing vitamins in an optimum parity and concentration( Neurorubin, Neurovitan);
- vascular agents have an antispasmodic( dilating) effect on the vessels of the brain and the vertebral artery, thereby improving its blood supply( Cinnarizine).They are used as an effective remedy for dizziness;
- nootropic drugs help brain cells( neurocytes) withstand oxygen starvation in conditions of insufficient blood supply in vertebral artery syndrome( Thiocetam, Piracetam).
If the pain and other manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis are not expressed strongly, and there is no need to use injectable dosage forms of drugs, the treatment is carried out at home. The main condition in this case is the use of medicines in the exact dosage, clearly in time, the disciplined implementation of all medical recommendations. In addition to medicinal therapy, the use of therapeutic gymnastics and massage, which will increase the effectiveness of treatment in general, is welcomed.
It is worth remembering that when symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis appear, self-medication is undesirable. It is better to have a consultation with a neurologist and all the necessary research. Only then drug treatment will be adequate and effective.
Medical treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
It happens that we learn about the diagnosis of osteochondrosis when the disease flows into an acute form, and severe pain begins. Therefore, the medical treatment of cervical osteochondrosis should first of all be aimed at the removal of inflammation and the removal of pain. Only after this, it is possible to carry out conservative treatment and take drugs that prevent deterioration of the interchondral disc of the neck.
What does the medical treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine?
If you consider all possible ways to treat osteochondrosis of the neck with drugs, they need to be divided into several groups, depending on the action:
If you have cervical osteochondrosis in acute stage, treatment with medicines in the form of tablets and ointments can be useless. In addition, until the inflammation has been eliminated, even the most desperate doctor will not risk prescribing exercise therapy, massages, electrophoresis, paraffin therapy and other physiotherapeutic procedures. The first thing to do is blockade. This is the last resort and it is used only if all other ways to eliminate the pain and remove the swelling are ineffective. During the procedure, the vertebrologist will inject Novocain, Lidocaine, Ketanov or other strong pain medication into the body of the intercostal cartilage disc in combination with the adrenal hormone analogue( corticosteroid) to: remove
- to remove spasm;
- release the pinched nerve or vessel.
As a rule, this is the main cause of pain and decreased mobility of the neck.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis of the initial stage with medications
Blockade is done by a qualified doctor, this is a serious intervention, but it is possible to alleviate the patient's condition at home. Even to all of us, the usual Analgin, Aspirin and No-shpa can help. With cervical osteochondrosis, medication involves loosening pain, relieving inflammation, and eliminating spasm. These drugs will cope with these drugs. They will be found in any medicine cabinet and will help alleviate the sufferings of the patient so that he can go to see a doctor. If you have the opportunity to visit a pharmacy, it is better to purchase more effective medications. Corticosteroids, which quickly and effectively remove inflammation, are non-steroidal agents. These are:
- Diclofenac and other drugs.
They can be in the form of tablets, but much faster will act when administered intramuscularly, as injections. Strong analgesics are also better for use intramuscularly or intravenously:
- Baralgin et al.
Tablets act late and not so long.Prevention of recurrence of osteochondrosis
Drug treatment of cervical osteochondrosis also includes the use of drugs aimed at restoring cartilage tissue and the vertebra itself. These are the hondoprotective preparations:
They are presented in the form of tablets and ointments.
As injections for these purposes are appointed:
They are often used together with drugs to improve blood supply, relieve spasm and relax tissues:
- with nicotinic acid.
These drugs can be replaced with injections of B vitamins and retinoids.
It is important to remember that the disease can cause complications in the work of not only the spine and bone marrow, but also other systems. First of all, osteochondrosis affects the blood supply to the brain, which often causes headache and other accompanying conditions. Since cervical osteochondrosis provokes dizziness, medication can also include drugs that support the work of the vestibular apparatus. For example:
How to cure cervical osteochondrosis at home
Complex treatment of cervical osteochondrosis at home is now possible. To achieve better health and alleviate pain symptoms is entirely realistic if one adheres to the right diet and leads a flexible lifestyle. Daily diet for cervical osteochondrosis should contain products that promote the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue, they include:
- beans, cereals, vegetables, fruits;
- containing proteins: nuts, eggs, low-fat varieties of poultry, fish;
- unsaturated fatty acids: flax seed, oily sea fish;
- products rich in calcium: milk, cottage cheese, leafy vegetables.
Excellent vibroacoustic instrument "Vitafon" helps, which in the treatment of osteochondrosis at home is very well proven. The device acts on the focus of pain with ultrasonic waves, as a result of which the process of cartilage regeneration is accelerated, inflammation of tissues passes and damaged cells are restored."Vitafon" does not cause any harm, because treatment is carried out by acoustic waves, which are natural for the human body.
Massage and self-massage
Successful treatment at home is done with massage or self-massage. This procedure relieves tension, relaxing the clamped muscles of the neck. After massage, the circulation in the intervertebral discs improves, which gives a quick relief to the patient. The procedure of self-massage is performed sitting and is performed by rubbing, stroking and kneading movements in the nape. But in order to get a better effect, it's better to invite a qualified masseur.
Medical gymnastics has no less effect than medical treatment of osteochondrosis, and is the basis of recovery. Exercises do not take much time, especially since it is easy to carry them out at home. Gymnastics is aimed at easing the pain syndrome with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, stretching the ligaments and relaxing the muscles of the neck. But you need to do the exercises only after consulting a doctor and very carefully, so as not to harm the body.
Acupuncture is a very effective way of treating osteochondrosis, but not everyone will decide on acupuncture. For home use there is a similar device - needle applicator Kuznetsov, in which paired or single needles are located on a belt with fasteners or on a cushion. Even if only half an hour a day to lie on the applicator, it will provide the patient not only relief, but also recovery.
Recipes of traditional medicine
When asked about how to cure osteochondrosis of the cervical department at home, as a rule, means people's means. Herbal treatment is economical, effective, and most importantly - safe. You do not need to buy expensive medications to relieve pain, which can also have negative consequences in the form of side effects. The natural remedies of folk medicine that help with cervical osteochondrosis include:
- Horseradish leaves. It is necessary to attach the sheet from behind to the neck and fix it for the night. By the morning the pain will pass away.
- Potatoes. It should be rubbed with honey in the same proportion, so that the mixture resembled a consistency ointment. Use the product as a compress at least once a week.
- Effective compresses made from vodka( 1 liter) with freshly squeezed aloe juice( 1 tbsp.), Mustard powder( 1 tbsp.) And propolis( 50 g).The mixture is impregnated with tissue and applied to the neck, fixing with a woolen cloth, the procedure is carried out 1-2 times a week for the night.
Methods of preventing the disease
It is easier to prevent osteochondrosis than to treat it for a long and long time. Preventive maintenance includes observance of a posture, fitness exercises, employment on simulators, sports walking, yoga, swimming. It is necessary to sit properly at the table and computer, you can not throw your head back for a long time or tilt when lifting weights. When writing or reading, it is not recommended to bend low over the surface of the table, and during sleep it is advisable to use an orthopedic pillow.
Video: a set of exercises for cervical osteochondrosis
Neck pain is caused by displacement of vertebrae or jamming of nerve endings. This is familiar to people who have long been sitting in an uncomfortable position. When the pains sharpen, they become squeezing and burning, localizing on the occiput, in the shoulders and lateral sections of the neck. It is often felt tingling or numbness in the hands, when there is a spasm of blood vessels. Regular exercises will improve blood circulation in the neck, make the vertebrae elastic.
Before starting a set of exercises, you should conduct a test for cervical osteochondrosis. To do this, tilt your head forward and pull your chest out with your chin. Then rotate your head left and right. If there is pain when cornering, then you need classes first. See in the video the complex of exercises for cervical osteochondrosis from the doctor of sports medicine Alexandra Bonina:
Svetlana, 28 years old: "I suffer from osteochondrosis of the cervical department for many years. I tried a lot of money, but they only helped temporarily. I decided to purchase Kuznetsov's applicator. After the first application, the state of health improved for the whole day. Now I use constantly and about pains in a neck have forgotten ".
Maria, 36 years old: "I work near the computer, so the neck area hurts constantly. I'm saving with acupuncture - this is not a terrible and painless procedure. The neck after each session moves more freely, the head ceases to make noise, and pains leave. The doctor said that a couple more sessions, and I will be completely healthy! ".
Alexei, 38 years old: "I went through many procedures, but cervical osteochondrosis kept coming back. Now I understand one thing: you need to do gymnastics, move a lot and lead an active lifestyle not from time to time, but constantly, then there will be no osteochondrosis, and you will not have to spend money on his treatment. "
How to cure cervical osteochondrosis: the secrets of success
Cervical osteochondrosis most often manifests itself in the form of pain in the affected area.
That for patients it became more clear, how to cure an osteochondrosis of a cervical department, the qualified doctor will help to orient in a variety of applied means. Any kind of treatment, both traditional and domestic, must be effective and rational.
The course of standard treatment is a complex of pharmacotherapeutic agents and non-pharmacological methods. As for home methods, their selection should be particularly thorough, and carried out only by a specialist. Only an experienced doctor, under the supervision of which the patient will be constantly, will be able to answer whether it is possible to cure osteochondrosis of the cervical department. This will depend on the stage and form of the disease at the time of seeking medical help. Any initiative of the patient in prescribing or canceling for himself any medications, or in interrupting the treatment course will be fraught with complications. Which in osteochondrosis, by the way, is not small.
Principles for the selection of pharmacological agents, their classification
In order to better understand how to cure cervical osteochondrosis, the entire list of pharmaceutical products can be distinguished by their action:
- To provide quick relief for exacerbations or severe pain.
- For long-term therapeutic course.
This is not a medical classification at all. However, for patients such definitions are much more understandable than the most complex terms. In addition to this division, there is one more distinction. Drugs for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis by purpose may be:
- Symptomatic in nature - to ease the general condition and eliminate symptoms( not used for long).Usually, they include standard analgesics( Analgin, Paracetamol, Ketanov, etc.).
- Pathogenetic genus - have a positive effect on the pathological processes in the vertebrae( used for a long period).For the treatment of osteochondrosis, a group of chondroprotectors is used: chondroitin, etc.
All appointments of such drugs should be handled only by a highly specialized doctor.
A large variety of painful manifestations is caused by the concentration of important nerve endings and blood vessels in the neck.
By what means to render the fast help at disease
Actually, the list of what to treat a cervical osteochondrosis at exacerbations, is insignificant. It includes:
- Anesthetics of topical application - to quickly and effectively stop pain syndromes( novocaine, lidocaine).
- Injectable( intravenous) non-steroidal medications( meloxicam, dexketoprofen) - for anesthesia.
The best conditions for such treatment are stationary conditions. The blockade method is suitable only for the most serious cases when pain can not be cured by pills.
A short list of ointments for the general medical course
Having determined the cervical-chest osteochondrosis - external treatment will consist in the use of a variety of ointments. Analgesic gels and creams will significantly enhance the effectiveness of prescribed oral medications( ingested).Occasionally they can be used as an independent agent, with individual contraindications to tablets.
In the main list of what to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, you can include preparations in the form of ointments or gel with the following directions:
- With local irritants in its composition( Nikoflex).
- Regenerating stimulants( Traumeel C).
- Warming properties( Kapsikam) - to increase blood flow.
- Exclusively for massages( Badyaga forte).
Medications always form the basis for the treatment of osteochondrosis.
All these preparations for the treatment of osteochondrosis help in a short time to remove cervicalgia and to activate normal blood circulation not only in central vessels, but also in peripheral vessels. In addition to the basic properties, they also improve the metabolism, renew and restore the structure of bones and cartilage.
Why do you need vasodilators
The inclusion in the general medicamentous treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine of some agents that help the vasodilation does not occur by accident. Such drugs act as mediators, they perform a number of useful functions:
- They are able to improve the quality of microcirculation in the focus where the disease has concentrated.
- Helps eliminate blood congestion.
- Restore the high speed of carrying out impulses along the nerves.
- Accelerate the overall rehabilitation process.
Among the main list of medicines, it is possible to note a nootropic( improving nervous system) group of drugs:
- Piracetam( to improve metabolism and supply blood to areas of the brain).
- Vinpocetine( for correcting circulatory disorders of the brain and improving oxygen delivery).
Such treatment for cervical osteochondrosis will cause in the brain stimulation of two necessary types of metabolism - carbohydrate and protein. That will favorably affect its structures, prevent cell death and relieve stress.
How important are the injections of
? On the question of what treatment for cervical osteochondrosis will be most effective in acute stages, any doctor will respond with an injection. It's the injections that are the fastest means to eliminate pain. However, their use is limited in time.
In cases of diagnosis of osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebra - injection treatment will be carried out in such directions:
- With the inclusion of B vitamins.
Treatment with non-steroid( without hormones) will speed up the removal of swelling and inflammation. This helps to significantly reduce the radicular compression and, as a result, it facilitates the rapid withdrawal of pain, improving the patient's quality of life.
In osteochondrosis of the neck, treatment with Novocaine blockades also has a relatively fast action and has a long-lasting effect. However, this refers not to the main methods, but to blocking the pain in a special case. To fully improve the condition, you will need to take certain medications. After all, therapy should be comprehensive.
Cervical osteochondrosis can be cured only at the first stage, so timely treatment to the doctor is a guarantee of success.
When stating such a diagnosis as cervical osteochondrosis, treatment with any injections is characterized by careful selection and prescribing. As a rule, the pain manifestation in the cervical region serves as a kind of prohibition for some movements. If there is no pain, any restrictions are subconsciously removed, causing the risk of all possible damage to the endings of nerves or vessels, as well as complications.
What tablets can I take at home?
Partially, it is quite possible to treat the osteochondrosis of the cervical department at home. Especially this applies to self-administration of tablets assigned individually to the patient. These include:
- Central-acting analgesic drugs - for a short time( Oxadol).
- Complex-acting painkillers( Arkoksia) - to relieve nervous tension and muscle pain.
- Miorelaksiruyuschie drugs - to block the spasm of the muscles of the neck( Baclofenac).
- NSAIDs - to eliminate the true cause of pain( edema) and general relief( Celecoxib).
- Anticonvulsant - in case of bright compression manifestations( Karamazepine).
Introduce in the treatment course such drugs for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, as antidepressants, the doctor can with several purposes. This is usually done to change the attitude of the patient to intolerable pains, as well as to the limitations of mobility of the cervical zone accompanying the disease.
Remember that self-medication with osteochondrosis is not an option, but an unfortunate oversight. Be sure to follow all the instructions of doctors and you will forget about the sharp manifestations of the insidious illness.