Why the foot can hurt while walking
Very often doctors have to hear complaints from patients for pain in the foot when walking. This symptom for various diseases can have a different character: aching, sharp, cutting, baking, etc. The place of manifestation can be localized or diffuse. Therefore, before you engage in self-medication and drink pain medications, you need to see a doctor and find out the cause.
Causes of cutting pains in the foot
Unbearable cutting burning pains in the foot in clinical terms can give two diseases:
- funicular myelosis
- painful form of polyneuropathy.
Funicular myelosis is a disease associated with a deficiency of vitamin B12 or a violation of its absorption in case of damage to the stomach and intestinal mucosa. The development of pain is associated with a violation of nerve conduction in the spinal cord.
Pain neuropathy, in the first place, is expressed by intense pain in the feet. Most often this disease is associated with diabetes and alcoholism. With diabetes, patients feel pain in the foot, when the sugar is not yet high. Therefore, with such pains, it is necessary to conduct studies on the latent increase in sugar.
Mortom's neuroma is also manifested by pain in the front of the foot under the fingers. Pain has a burning, shooting character. When walking, painful sensations increase. With this disease there is a thickening of the interdigital nerves.
This is a benign tumor that grows from the myelin sheaths of nerves. It is believed that the disease is a constant chronic irritation of the nerve by an abnormal position of the foot. Walking on high heels leads to an overload of the front of the foot. This leads to swelling of the tissues, convergence of bones( especially from the outer edge of the foot) and pressure, which irritates the nerve and leads to the formation of a tumor.
When inspecting the foot, it is always deformed in this case. When the squeezed nerve begins to suffer from a lack of oxygen and nutrients to the cells, the zone that it innervates also begins to suffer from trophism of tissues. Corns, corns, other trophic skin changes appear.
Treatment consists in wearing orthopedic shoes or orthopedic insoles. Introduction of anti-inflammatory corticosteroid drug in the zone of trophic disturbance( not in the tumor itself).At the extreme, surgery is suggested.
Plantar or plantar fasciitis manifests itself in pain in the heels, feet when getting out of bed, which increases with walking. This is one of the most common reasons for treating patients for medical help. The patient experiences unbearable pain that does not allow walking.
The disease occurs as a result of inflammation of the ligament, which is involved in the formation of the arch of the foot. Bundle loses its elastic properties. In this state, its micro-snaps occur. Disease can occur with flat feet, overweight or during the menopause. This condition can be experienced by more than 15% of women. Relief brings walking in shoes on a small heel. In this case, the heel serves as a supinator.
Treatment consists in the appointment of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Since this pain, which occurs in the morning, it is necessary, before getting out of bed, to do foot massage. It is recommended to perform an exercise on stretching the fascia of the foot.
One of the innovations in the treatment of the disease is the introduction of Botox into the plantar ligament. This drug relaxes the ligament. If the patient does not seek medical help and tries to get rid of the pain on his own, fasciitis can cause the development of the heel spur.
The heel spur is mainly a consequence of longitudinal flatfoot, in which the longitudinal arch of the foot is flattened, its length becomes somewhat larger than the normal one.
With flatfoot, the cushioning function of the foot is lost. As a result of deformation in the calcaneus, inflammation occurs, which leads to an overgrowth of the periosteum in the form of a spur.
So all the nerve endings are in the area of the periosteum, the person is suffering from a stop when walking. Predominantly, the pain is localized in the heel area. The list of treatment activities includes:
- unloading of the longitudinal and transverse arch of the foot - wearing orthopedic insoles;
- foot and ankle massage;
- taking medications. In the initial stage, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are effective.
- physiotherapy procedures.
In case of ineffectiveness of the measures taken, X-ray therapy is recommended. With severe pain, blockades with an anesthetic are prescribed. But frequent blockages can lead to osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis develops as a result of insufficient calcium and mineral salts in the bone. In general, the disease manifests itself in old age. Women suffer more often in the climacteric period, people with excess weight. Pain in osteoporosis may worsen during movement. In a later period, with a pressure on the foot, patients feel uncomfortable aching pain.
Inflammation of the synovial bag( bursitis)Also you can read:
What to do if the ankle is swelling
Inflammation of the synovial pouch of the joints of the foot causes pain in the fingers while walking. The patient develops swelling and joint deformity. When palpation in the area of inflammation, soreness appears. May be marked by hyperemia of the skin.
The diagnosis is confirmed by X-ray examination. Treatment includes the appointment of anti-inflammatory and hormonal drugs. In the subacute period, physiotherapy and physiotherapy procedures are prescribed. Ineffectiveness of therapeutic treatment in chronic bursitis is an indication for surgical intervention.
Metabolic disorders and the deposition of uric acid salts in the joints of the foot lead to gout. Usually, this condition is caused by disruption of the kidneys, improper nutrition, consumption of a large number of animal protein, alcohol. The deposition of salts in the joint causes inflammation - gouty arthritis.
Patients suffer from severe unbearable pain while walking. Attacks can occur even in a state of rest. Inflammation with redness of the joints, swelling and an increase in local temperature is accompanied. When the diagnosis is confirmed, the patient is prescribed a therapeutic diet and anti-inflammatory drugs.
In this autoimmune disease, small limb joints tend to become inflamed. Pain in the joints of the foot can occur after hypothermia, infectious diseases, excessive physical or emotional stress. Usually, patients, in addition to painful sensations, note the morning stiffness in the joints and general malaise.
If you have these symptoms, you need to contact a rheumatologist. The diagnosis is based on clinical blood tests and X-ray studies. Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is complex, lengthy and includes quite a few activities.
The compaction of the arch of the foot( longitudinal and transverse) is a common reason for the pain of the foot when walking. The ankle joint also suffers. This disease leads to a change and deformation of the foot, a deviation of the fingers( valgus stop).Even a little exercise or walking can cause pain in the foot. Wearing uncomfortable shoes leads to an increase in symptoms.
Traumatic injuries, fractures, dislocations, ligament ruptures are accompanied by pain, swelling and deformation of the foot and ankle. In such cases, urgent immobilization of the limb and hospitalization of the patient are needed. An ingrown nail can also cause swelling and pain in the foot. In this case, the patient should seek help from a surgeon.
The cause of pain when walking can be manifestations of vascular diseases - varicose veins, obliterating endarteritis, phlebitis. In this case, there is a metabolic disorder in the lower limbs, the tissues suffer a constant oxygen starvation, which leads to trophic ulcers.Pain in vascular disease can be a burning, baking nature. The patient often feels numbness, tingling in the foot. With obliterating endarteritis, patients can not pass without stopping even 20 meters. This condition is called intermittent claudication. In the later stages, when there are trophic ulcers and changes in the skin, patients may experience acute painful pain, which is not stopped by conventional analgesics. Violation of tissue trophism in certain diseases can lead to the development of gangrene( tissue necrosis).In this case, surgery is necessary.
The most frequent and formidable complication of diabetes is the diabetic foot. High sugar in the blood of the patient leads to the defeat of small blood vessels. Violation of the blood flow leads to the appearance of pain, swelling and the emergence of non-healing trophic ulcers.
Causes of sharp and trailing pain in the foot of the foot when walking, in the morning and a constant
Pain on the outside of the foot is caused by a number of reasons. It can be on the inner side( medial), and on the outer( lateral), in the arch, on the rise, in the upper part and on the soles, sharp and, on the contrary, aching.
According to how and under what circumstances the pain syndrome occurred, gradually, over time or dramatically, after trauma, and also taking into account specific symptoms, figure out what is its cause will be easier.
Consider the most common causes of severe pain from the outside of the foot. We will stop on the common causes of each condition, as they manifest themselves, their classic signs and symptoms. At the end of the article, a simple guide to diagnosis. Read and find out more about the most effective treatment options in each case.
Common causes of
1) Stress fractures
Stress fractures are a common cause of the problem under consideration. These are small cracks in one of the bones, usually resulting from monotonous, repetitive movements with participation in sporting events.
Which areas are affected most often? The location of the pain depends on what is damaged. Fractures of the calcaneus or scaphoid bone causes pain on the side of the foot, stress fractures of the metatarsal bones - on either side of it.
It usually does not hurt much at first, pulls, but gradually the condition worsens.
2) Sprain of the ankle joints
Sprains of the ankle joints are the most common cause of sharp pain in the foot area, from the outside( from ankle injuries).It accounts for up to 85%.This happens with the ankle under inversion.
Any ligament can be stretched, but the front talon-peroneum suffers most often. It is damaged when we turn the leg inward. The ankle is shifted outwards. This is known as an inversion injury. It leads to rupture of certain or all fibers of the ligament, causing severe pain, swelling, bruising and joint instability.
35% of people who have had an ankle sprain have further problems with pain and instability. This also contributes to stretching in the future. Avoid the problem by thorough rehabilitation after the first injury.
3) Cuboid Syndrome
Cuboid syndrome( see figure) is a less common cause of leg pain in the side, but it is often diagnosed that it leads to symptoms that are present for a long time.
This occurs when one of the small bones of the foot is partially dislocated after such an injury as ankle sprain or as a result of constant overstrain of the leg.
The most common symptom is pain outside, which extends up to the toes. Stronger starts to get sick in the mornings, when walking and running, especially on uneven surfaces and when jumping. There is redness and swelling. If you accurately diagnose and start treating the symptoms immediately, they usually take off within a few weeks.
If the leg does not pass more than 3 months, the next thing to suspect after the ankle is a cube-like syndrome, which occurs in almost 7% of people with an ankle sprain.
4) Peroneal tendonitis
Peroneal tendonitis is another common cause of pain from the outside of the foot and around the heel. The disease occurs with repeated overstrain of the fibular tendon of the foot, which causes irritation, inflammation and degeneration.
This is usually caused by frequent overcoming of long distances, abnormal position of the foot, muscle imbalance and happens after sprains of the ankle joint. With tendonitis, the condition worsens gradually over a period of several weeks or months, and the stop especially hurts with the first steps in the mornings, and also with the onset of activity after rest.
5) Tarasal Coalition
The Tarzal Coalition is one of the most rare causes of leg pain, it occurs in about 1 out of 100 patients.
The condition is due to the fact that 2 or more bones coalesce with each other. This is an inherent problem and symptoms usually appear in the second decade of life.
They often come very unexpectedly, it's pain, fatigue and cramps. It can also affect in such a way that you will walk abnormally. There are other problems, such as sprains of the ankle joint and abnormal foot biomechanics. Treatment, as a rule, includes surgery, the use of shoe inserts, immobilization of the foot.
Bunion is a common cause of deformation and pain in the big toe.
It develops when the thumb turns inward, pointing to the other. This leads to the fact that the bones at the base of the thumb stick out. As a result, pain, inflammation, redness and swelling around it. The medical term for bursitis of the big toe is valgus deformity. Sometimes this problem happens with the little finger.
It is believed that there is a genetic connection with bursitis. Especially from him suffer those whose joints are excessively flexible, but it can also be in bad shoes, in which the fingers are pressed inwards. Risk increases such diseases as gout and rheumatoid arthritis. In cases of moderate severity, special devices that align the fingers are helpful, but in more complex cases, surgery may be required.
Corns appear on any part of the foot, often rear, top and side. They are formed when the skin area undergoes repeated friction and it tries to protect itself, creating additional layers.
Corns, as a rule, are painless, but the deep ones are very unpleasant. There are simple rules for their treatment and prevention.
8) Tendonitis of the back of the tibialis muscle
Tendonitis of the tendon of the posterior tibial muscle causes pains from the inside of the foot.
The tendon is connected to the inside of the ankle. Its main function is to support the inner arch of the foot. Like all other types of tendinitis, this develops with irritation, inflammation or dystrophy of the tendon, usually due to a constant strain or injury.
The pain intensifies with activity and recedes when the feet are given rest. Those suffering from tendenitis often have flat feet.
Arthritis can cause pain anywhere in the lower extremity, but in most cases it is on the rise and side. There are 2 common types of arthritis - rheumatoid( inflammatory) and osteoarthritis( degenerative).More often the leg hurts because of a rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms of varying severity come and go, there are bouts.
How to diagnose your condition
As you can see, there are a number of different reasons for the ailment in question. If the problem is related to trauma, then, most likely, it is a matter of stretching the ligament or cube-bone syndrome, if the pain has come gradually, it can be a stress fracture or tendonitis. In adolescents, it is more likely that it is associated with the tarsal coalition. People over the age of 50 are more likely to have arthritis. If the skin feels dry and thickened, callus or callus tissue.
skagite-doktor.ruPain in the foot can be localized in any part of the foot, as in the toes, or in the heel or Achilles tendon. In some cases, the pain is insignificant and goes away on its own. But often, pain can be intense, especially if there are traumas or chronic inflammatory processes. Pain in the foot is a fairly common complaint in people( up to 75% during life experienced it).In most cases, the pain in the foot is associated with wearing uncomfortable shoes( narrow, tight or high-heeled shoes).
The leg is a complex structure consisting of 26 bones, 33 joints. And 120 ligaments, nerves and muscles. The function of the foot is to keep the body weight, perform the damping function, perform the function of the lever, while moving the foot forward, keeping the body balance on uneven surfaces.
Since the foot is relatively small compared to the body, the impact on the foot when walking is very large. The load vectors are 1.5 times the body weight. On average, a person spends 4 hours a day on legs and approximately makes 8-10,000 steps. That is, the foot can withstand during a day the movement load equivalent to the displacement of several hundred tons.
Pain in the foot - localization
Pain in the foot, usually begins in one of three places: toes, front of the foot, or the back of the foot.
- Fingers. Problems with the toes often occur because of pressure, when wearing uncomfortable shoes.
- Front of the foot( frontal).The pains that occur here usually involve one of the following bone groups:
- Metatarsal bones( five long bones that extend from the front of the arch to the bones of the toes),
- Bones are sesamoid( two small bones attached to the first metatarsal bone that connects towith the big toe),
Back of the foot. The back of the foot is the rear of the foot. The pain that occurs here can extend from the heel, through the sole( plantar surface), to the metatarsophalangeal joint.
Risk factors that contribute to the onset of pain in the foot are as follows:
Elderly people are more at risk for foot pain. With aging, the foot extends and flattenes. The skin on the feet becomes thin and dry. Pain in the feet in the elderly can be a sign of age-related degenerative diseases, such as arthritis, diabetes, heart failure. In addition, the presence of problems in the feet itself can disrupt the balance in the locomotor apparatus of the elderly.
Cosmetic operations on the foot
For the sake of fashion, some women go for surgical treatment to improve the shape of the foot, for the ability to wear shoes with high heels. Surgical techniques consist in shortening the toes, narrowing the foot, or injecting silicone into the foot cushions. Over time, the consequence of these operations will be the appearance of pain in the foot and surgeons do not recommend doing operations on the foot without the presence of indications.
Women are more prone to severe pain in the legs, possibly due to wearing shoes on their heels. In the older age group, severe pain in the legs is a frequent disabling factor.
Annually in the United States about 120,000 injuries are associated with work. And about a third is accounted for by foot injuries. Most foot diseases such as arthritis, deformations of tunnel syndrome, plantar fasciitis are associated with excessive stress on the foot( prolonged standing or walking long distances).
Pregnant women have an increased risk of problems in their feet due to weight gain and hormone release, which increases the elasticity of the ligaments. These hormones help in delivery, but weaken the foot.
Sport and Dance
People who are systematically engaged in aerobic exercise are more prone to such diseases as plantar fasciitis, calcaneal spur, sesamoiditis, tendonitis of the Achilles tendon and fractures. Women are more prone to fractures.
Overweight causes a heavy load on the foot and leads to traumatization of soft tissues, joints, ligaments, which can lead to the development of tendinitis or plantar fasciitis.
Causes of pain in the feet.
Pain in the foot can be in different parts of the foot. The source of pain can be bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, fascia, nerves, blood vessels, skin. The most common causes of pain in the foot are the following conditions:
Why does it hurt to stop when walking?
After each kilometer passed, the legs are loaded with a weight of 60 tons. Although the limbs can withstand many things, they are also susceptible to stress and disease.
Diseases of the front of the foot
The anterior third of the foot consists of metatarsal bones, phalanges and ligaments between them. Corns, blisters, mycoses, hammer fingers, Morton's neuroma, valgus deformation, gout - various conditions are associated with the pathology of these elements of the foot. Metatarsalgias are any pain, the cause of which is not established. Traumatic injuries or too narrow shoes increase the likelihood of pain in the foot when walking.
The movement is extremely beneficial to health, but the pain that prevents each step is a serious cause for concern.
Extensory tendonitis of the foot develops due to constant overstrain of the shin - prolonged walking in uncomfortable shoes can be the main reason. The pain increases when you try to bend or unbend your fingers.
Stress fractures threaten people with excess weight, which creates an increased burden on the bones. Even experienced athletes engaged in marathons and jogging can suffer from repeated bouts of pain. They increase during walking and do not stop with time.
Diseases of the middle part of the foot
The middle third of the foot is represented by the tarsal bones and their joints. They account for a significant part of the medial longitudinal arch of the arch of the foot. Pain in the middle part of the stalks when walking appears as a result of fatigue fractures, pinching of the lateral plantar nerve, horse deformation( associated with too high arch) sprains of the tibia of the tibia, tendon syndrome, extensor tendonitis. Treatment directly depends on the diagnosis, which it is better not to delay, as cascading pain can be aggravated.
Fractures of the second, third and fourth metatarsal bones are common in people who are engaged in the morning run. Gradually, it feels that the foot stops hurting when walking. Pain rises, accompanied by swelling.
The navicular bone runs along the inside of the middle of the foot, and its fractures are more complex. Initially, the pain only disturbs during exercise and passes after rest, but over time recovery periods become longer.
Fractures in the joint of Lisfranca, formed by the accumulation of small bones in the arch area, are due to the anatomy of the first and second metatarsal bones that do not have ligaments. This leads to dislocations during sharp turns or jumps.
Micronutrition of the thick plantar fascia more often affects the heel area, but female legs whose joints are unstable suffer from painful attacks after a morning ascent. Medicines, physiotherapy come to the aid of patients.
If the foot is aching while walking, the influence of shoes can not be ruled out, especially for people who are involved in sports, carry a child, suffer from arthritis. Too soft outsole flexes and does not support the foot, therefore after any walk there is discomfort.
Diseases of the back of the foot
The posterior third of the foot consists of the calcaneus and the talus, and the joints connecting them to each other. The answer to the question of why the heel hurts lies in the anatomy of the foot. When walking the heel, the first takes a blow to the ground, and its fabrics are influenced by huge forces. Pain in this area is the most private complaint in adults. Unsuitable footwear and injuries - top the list of reasons that relate to this symptom. Plantar fasciitis, bruised heel, stress fractures, tarsal tunnel syndrome, pinching of the medial calcaneus nerve, Achilles tendon bursitis and calluses bother the heels, with the left leg suffering more often than the right leg.
How to return the ease of gait?
Any disease is easier to prevent, because irreversible processes need expensive and prolonged treatment. Care is the main condition for the beauty and health of the feet. You can not walk for a long time in shoes with a narrow nose and high heels. It is advisable to use special orthopedic insoles appointed by an orthopedist.
Try to bring excess weight to the norm and include in the diet products with calcium to strengthen the bones. If possible, it is better to avoid long standing on the legs, not to sit, throwing one leg to the other, as this worsens blood circulation. Doing sports and other physical activities should be reasonable, and training shoes - with quality insteps.
After a hard day's work, the feet need a decent rest. Care procedures include relaxing baths with sea salt and essential oil, as well as light massage.
It is better to solve the problems with the feet with an orthopedist who develops a full cycle of gymnastics for each day. Even the usual exercise "bicycle", stretching your feet in different directions, from yourself and yourself using a towel reduces the load on the arch. If you raise your legs up and just shake them, you can get rid of swelling, normalize the flow of blood. Take care of leg health!
The "inside" side of the foot hurts. The pain diverges along this side. What could it be?
Muscle spasm or tension
can, flat feet. .. there are 2 kinds of them.descend or go to the orthopedist.
Possible causes of pain in the foot:
Plantar fasciitis and heel spurs
Bursitis heads of metatarsal bones
Whitlow and osteomyelitis
To be examined it is necessary, nuuu or to tell fortunes it is still possible. ..