Arthrosis: how to treat it and how to get rid of the pain with the help of medications?
Osteoarthritis is a disease that is accompanied by a dystrophic condition of the joints of the musculoskeletal system. The disease contributes to the slow destruction of the cartilage, which is located inside the joint bag. The development of arthrosis for a long period is accompanied by an inflammatory process and degeneration of the periarticular tissues. It is arthrosis is the most common joint disease. According to statistical data, about 15% of the population are trying to get rid of arthrosis .The disease can actively develop both in men and in women. How to stop arthrosis and where to start to treat it? How can I stop the disease in stages?
The development of the disease occurs due to a metabolic disorder in the joint. Consequently, cartilage begins to lose elasticity. Constant pains begin. We get rid of the pain strictly only after treatment. The loss of proteoglycans can cause severe pain. Over the years, it begins to intensify. To date, there are innovative medications that help not only stop the development of arthrosis, but also to restore joint bags. To treat arthrosis, we must identify the causes of its occurrence. After identifying the cause, you can find out how to suspend the disease or how to cure it completely.
The development of arthrosis can begin for many reasons. To have an idea of how to get rid of arthrosis or stop its development, you must first recognize it. Specialists identify the following main causes of arthrosis:
- Metabolic disorders.
- Disturbances of a hormonal background of the person.
- Lowering the blood flow of the joint.
- Hereditary predisposition to the disease.
- Elderly age.
- Presence of injuries and other injuries.
- Presence of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Permanent impact on the joints by an abnormal load.
Symptoms of arthrosis are considered to be permanent painful sensations when the joint is loaded. When he is at rest, the pain syndrome passes. Mobility is much lower, there is a crunch, a constant sensation of muscle tension. In order not to suffer from these symptoms and stop the development of the disease, it is necessary to begin active treatment. The disease will not progress, and it can be stopped with proper treatment. An experienced specialist should treat the disease.
Stages of arthrosis disease
In medical practice, three stages of arthrosis are distinguished. The first stage is usually not accompanied by severe symptoms. Sometimes the disease makes itself felt through minor painful sensations during movements or loads on the affected joints of the ankle, knee and others. In the synovial membrane and fluid, pathological changes begin to occur slowly. Consequently, the composition of the fluid changes, making the muscles begin to weaken.
It is very important not to prevent and prevent the beginning of the second stage. It destroys the joint, osteophytes are formed. The pain syndrome becomes pronounced, the crunch is clearly heard in patients with articular ankle bags, knee. From the side of reflex neurotrophic regulation, changes of varying degrees are observed.
The most difficult stage is considered to be the third one. It begins pathological changes in the support areas of patients with joints. Consequently, a complete change in the axes of the limbs begins. Bunches become short, the bag of the joint is rough, which results in chronic inflammation. It is becoming increasingly difficult to move, or there is simply no way to naturally carry out movements. The muscles can not fully decrease.
To treat the disease at the end of the third stage is very difficult. Osteoarthritis as a chronic disease manifests itself more and more with the beginning of each stage. The end of the third stage is fraught with complete immobility, the disease makes doctors do the patient endoprosthetics of the joint.
Treatment of arthrosis with medicines
To know how to treat arthrosis, you need to contact a specialist. After the examination, he will put an accurate diagnosis and determine the stage of the disease. Correct medical treatment restores joint activity, prevents further development of the disease. The disease, which progresses, gradually begins to recede.
First of all, the patient asks how to get rid of the pain. To do this, you need painkillers. It is them that the doctor first prescribes. After getting rid of the pain, an anti-inflammatory drug will follow with obligatory medicine. It aims to treat the joint from the inflammatory processes occurring inside it. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs are able to repair cartilage joint tissues. The disease can not completely recede unless desensitizing agents such as diphenhydramine and suprastin are used.
If arthrosis is started and detected rather late, then immediate surgical intervention occurs. During surgery, the surgeon removes bony projections that can not be cured, or strengthens the bony and cartilaginous parts of the joint. After the operation is carried out, it is worth observing the rules of rehabilitation. It is very important. After operation, joints should not be loaded, it is better to keep them at rest. This means that a certain time must be followed by bed rest. If the swelling does not pass for a long time, the appropriate ointments are used.
What is arthrosis and how to treat it?Along with arthritis, arthrosis is one of the most common joint diseases, especially in the second half of life. In the absence of timely and quality treatment, this disease can lead to disability and immobilization of the limb.
What is arthrosis?
Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints, which is based on the process of degenerative changes in the cartilage, developing due to deterioration in its nutrition( trophism) or disruption of its configuration, for example, after the trauma.
Arthrosis-arthritis is a disease characterized not only by degenerative-dystrophic processes occurring in the joint, but also by its inflammation.
Deforming osteoarthritis - arthrosis, one manifestation of which is the growth of bone tissue, leading to deformation of the ends of the bones forming the joint.
Periarthrosis is a degenerative process in which degenerative changes are observed not only in the joint itself, but also adjacent tissues( for example, tendons, ligaments).
Hemarthrosis - hemorrhage into the joint cavity.
Causes of arthrosis
The leading cause of development of arthrosis is a metabolic disorder occurring in the cartilaginous tissue. As a result, the cartilage loses its elasticity and begins to gradually break down.
The causes of metabolic disorders and the development of degenerative joint changes are diverse. These can be:
- hormonal disorders,
- female sex,
- loss of cartilaginous proteoglycan tissue,
- aging of the body,
- increased joint load due to exercise or overweight,
- various chronic diseases.
In women, arthrosis of the ankle, foot can arise due to the long wearing of narrow and uncomfortable shoes, including high heels. Changes in the joints of the hands are observed mainly in representatives of those professions, where a significant part of the burden falls on the hands( while in women, arthrosis occurs more often).
In addition, arthrosis of the knee, hip or ankle provokes various injuries( posttraumatic arthrosis).
Types and symptoms of arthrosis
The degree of joint damage is distinguished by arthrosis:
- 1 degree - the joints retain their mobility, on the X-ray, there are practically no visible changes. The patient may be disturbed only by a slight crunch or a slight aching pain.
- 2 degrees - a person suffering from arthrosis, there is a feeling of discomfort in the joints, limb mobility is disrupted, periodic pains become more pronounced and prolonged, early signs of deformity of joints are detected on the X-ray or ultrasound.
- 3 degrees - movements in the joint are limited, the patient experiences severe pain( even at rest), there are characteristic changes in the X-ray images.
Sometimes experts also allocate a fourth degree of arthrosis, characterized by intense pain and severe deformities of the area.
Most often this term denotes degenerative-destructive changes in the joint that developed due to another disease - rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis itself changes the configuration of articular surfaces, which leads to a violation of their congruence and aggravation of dystrophic processes in articular and periarticular tissues.
This is the appearance of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the cervical spine. The main symptoms of osteoarthritis of the site:
- pronounced crunch when turning the head,
- pain in the neck( especially after prolonged sitting or standing),
- fluctuations in blood pressure.
Radiographic examination may show subluxation of the joints of the cervical region.
In addition, there are arthrosis:
- of the knee( gonarthrosis),
- of the hip joint( coxarthrosis),
- of the ankle joints( krizartroz),
- of other areas of the spine,
- of the temporo-mandibular joint, etc.
How and what to treat arthrosis?
Before deciding how to treat it at home, you should visit a doctor and determine the exact cause of this ailment. To do this, the doctor usually conducts an examination of the patient and appoints to undergo a number of additional laboratory and instrumental studies, including the delivery of all kinds of biochemical blood tests( for example, acute phase reactions, the presence of rheumatoid factor, etc.), as well as radiography, ultrasound, MRI or CT of joints. If necessary, the examination is supplemented by diagnostic arthroscopy.
Next, the doctor establishes an accurate diagnosis and appoints the appropriate joint treatment. On what principles is the treatment of arthrosis based?
- Elimination of the cause of the disease. In the case of rheumatoid, psoriatic arthritis, the underlying disease is treated, achieving its persistent remission.
- Normalization of nutrition of the joint, metabolism and circulation. For this purpose, chondroprotectors, hyaluronic acid preparations, drugs that improve local and systemic blood flow, antiaggregants, vitamins are used.
- Symptomatic therapy. As a rule, with pain of an intense nature, anti-inflammatory non-steroid agents with a good analgesic effect( ketanol, diclofenac, etc.) are prescribed.
Locally on the joint area, 2-3 times a day are applied ointments, gels, creams, which have an anti-inflammatory and distracting effect, apply compresses with dimexidum, use rubbers.
For the removal of pain and inflammation, UFO is widely used in erythematous doses, laser therapy, UHF, microwave, electro- and phonophoresis. In addition to physiotherapy, arthrosis is useful for regular therapeutic exercises for joints, sanatorium and spa treatment.
Usually this is a partial or complete replacement of the joint, its plastic. It can be performed in a traditional way, as well as with the help of endoscopic and minimally invasive surgery, including arthroscopy. The operations are indicated in those cases when conservative treatment does not have the proper effect, as well as with severe joint deformity and loss of its mobility.
First of all, prevention of arthrosis includes diet, exercise and avoidance of hypothermia.
Nutrition for arthrosis does not require any serious restrictions. In general, this is a balanced diet, including all the main groups of products, consumption in sufficient quantities of liquid, as well as fresh vegetables and fruits. Many experts recommend that you periodically include in the menu cold meat, rich broths and other similar dishes, if they are not contraindicated by the doctor.
The only significant limitation is the calorie content of food. It is necessary to monitor your body weight, because overweight speeds up the wear and tear of the joints.
Acute and burning food in itself does not have a significant effect on arthrosis, but it should be remembered that many people suffering from this disease have to use painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, most of which have a negative effect on the gastric mucosa. It is also desirable to limit foods rich in cholesterol and leading to increased blood viscosity so that the blood supply to the joint is not impaired. For these reasons, such dishes for arthrosis should also be excluded from their daily menu.
Charge, physical activity improves blood circulation and blood supply to joint tissues, and also strengthens muscles. The most useful exercises for arthrosis are swimming, walking, skiing. With coxarthrosis, gonarthrosis in combination with excess weight, cycling or exercising on a stationary bicycle proved to be a good idea.
Joints "love" when a person dresses in the weather, evenly protecting all parts of his body from the cold. Any local supercooling causes weakening of the body's defenses, which can result in the subsequent inflammation of the joints and the development of degenerative-dystrophic processes in them.
Arthrosis - degenerative-dystrophic joint disease, DOA( deforming arthrosis) - degenerative-dystrophic joint injury characterized by a violation of the form of articulating segments of bones, articulated surfaces covered with hyaline cartilage and with a violation of the shape and height of the joint space( radiologic sign).
The term "deforming arthrosis - arthrosis deformans" is used to determine degenerative-degenerative joint diseases. The term "arthritis" refers to inflammatory diseases of the joints. Collective concept of "arthrosoarthritis" - characterizes inflammatory changes against the background of degenerative joint damage.
Among the huge number of causes of degenerative changes in the joints it is difficult to distinguish, some of the most significant. The disease is polyethiologic, and each of the causes makes its own limited contribution. In the pathogenesis of arthrosis, the following is unambiguous: damaging causative factors cause pathological changes in trophic processes in the joint region. The work of regional neurovascular formations changes, and their dysfunction( after a certain time interval) leads to an increase in the rate of degenerative-dystrophic processes, which in fact is arthrosis( a complex of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joint tissues of one degree or another).Thus, trigger mechanisms can be very diverse( trauma, intoxication, infection, any other external stress or internal factor), the development mechanism always has similar features, this explains the rather monotonous x-ray and clinical picture of the disease, the typical staging of its development. Of course, we must not forget the diversity of human life, the individual characteristics of the organism, age, sex, genetic inclinations, concomitant diseases, profession, environmental conditions, etc.
Paradoxically - but the fact that among the causes of arthrosis is increasingly growing social aspects against the backdrop of urbanization and developmentscientific and technical progress. Among the population are increasing risk groups( hypodynamia, nutritional factors, hypoxia, etc.).Against the background of an increase in the average life expectancy, the number of people with degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the joints is statistically growing, since they are more exposed to people of the older age group.
As a result of changes in the functioning conditions of the hyaline cartilage of the articular surfaces and adjacent areas of bone tissue caused by overload of the joint or any other cause, the conditions of trophic feeding of articular cartilages deteriorate, proteolytic( protein destruction) processes are activated, the chondrocytescartilage).There is depolymerization( loss of the normal structure) of protein-polysaccharide complexes. These processes lead to the progressive death of chondrocytes, initially primarily in the surface layers of the cartilage. In the most stressed areas of the joint surface, ulcers and cracks appear, there is a "roughness" of the surface, the gloss of the normal joint cartilage disappears, and sometimes its color changes. As a result of degeneration caused by dystrophy of the entire joint zone of complex biochemical changes, the degenerate process acquires a typical course, a characteristic staging. The essence of the changes is the combination of increasing destruction of cartilage with the advent of reactive( to some extent adaptive) processes( areas of marginal growths that increase the cartilage area, foci of proliferation of cartilaginous tissue, hypertrophy of connective tissue in the wall of the joint capsule).
This mechanism of development of the degenerative process is most typical for "primary" arthrosis, in which the causative factor can not be detected by the usual methods of clinical examination of the patient. Earlier, such arthrosis was called idiopathic.
With the improvement of diagnostic capabilities( MRI, CT) and a deepening of knowledge about the mechanisms of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joints, the very existence of primary arthrosis became in doubt. With the possibility of a more thorough and comprehensive study of the patient, a latent genetic predisposition, occasioned by a defect in the synthesis of proteins, polysaccharides and other cartilage elements, is sometimes revealed. But this does not tell us in any way that genes are to blame for everything, they can only create some unfavorable background for the development of the disease!
In the etiology and pathogenesis of arthrosis with a clearly secondary character, there is always a cause in the form of acute or chronic trauma, congenital joint dysplasia, static damage due to an incorrectly fused fracture, functional limb shortening, etc.
Pathomorphology of the process. In the articular hyaline cartilage at an early stage, the fibers of the connective tissue are broken, roughness appears;Gradually defects appear in the form of usurcs and cracks. At the site of cartilage imaging, the subchondral( adjacent to the cartilage) layer of spongy bone tissue is stripped, the subchondral plate is sclerosed, the surface of the bone becomes smooth.
In other places, due to proliferation, the articular cartilage can thicken, and as a result - the whole joint surface becomes "bumpy".In a far-reaching case, osteophytes appear on the edges of the joint surface( bone-cartilaginous growths).In parallel to the degenerative-dystrophic process in the joint hyaline cartilage degenerative deforming changes occur in the epiphyseal ends of the bones, the shape of the articular ends is disfigured. The joint capsule thickens due to excessive fibrosis, the synovial membrane forms intraarticular proliferation - more often soft-elastic, but sometimes even cartilaginous. Sometimes in the joint cavity free chondromatous bodies are formed. The ligaments located inside the articulation thicken, then loosen up, and later( with the progression of degenerative changes, especially with pronounced disfiguration of the joint, against the background of inflammatory changes) may be necrosis and fuse with the capsule. The quantity and quality of the synovial fluid, usually, changes for the worse( this is the joint lubricant and an important source of cartilage nutrition).
Over time, fusion, cicatricial synechia, compacting of individual parts of periarticular tissues( ligaments, fascia) are formed inside the joint, and the limitation of mobility in the joint increases.
Osteoarthritis involutive. In the process of general aging of the body in the tissues of the musculoskeletal system, there is a shift in the balance between the catabolic( decomposition of substances with the release of energy) and anabolic( the synthesis of substances with energy expenditure) processes, the ratio between trace elements( coenzymes, etc.) changes,in cells of enzymatic processes and promotes the development of degenerative-dystrophic processes. In the spongy bone material of the joint bones, osteoporosis( or osteopenia) develops. By age 55, 100% of the population has radiographic signs of arthrosis of 1-2 degrees. However, clinically manifestations of age-related involuntary changes in the joints are poorly expressed, only the general picture of the aging of the joints of the spine and extremities( polyosteoarthrosis) is typical. The process is slow, proceeds in parallel with the "aging" of other organs and systems.
Osteoarthritis dysplastic. Many authors believe that, among dysplasias( congenital anomalies), the pathology of the musculoskeletal system occupies the main place - approximately 33-81% of cases, although not always there are clinical complaints( for example, patellar hypoplasia, acetabular roofs).
Joint dysplasia develops according to some general patterns characteristic of this pathology. There is a connection between dysplastic and subsequent dystrophic changes, it is possible to influence this relationship, this gives the clinician the means of inhibiting and preventing the development of deforming arthrosis.
Joint with these or other biomechanical changes already from birth falls into unfavorable conditions, the interaction between the requirements( conditions) of the external environment( dynamic loads) and the inferiority of the joint structure is violated.
This conflict often takes place against the background of additional adverse factors( hormonal disorders, extreme loads).With slightly pronounced structural changes in the joint, the preponderance may remain behind the adaptive-compensatory processes, but with pronounced structural disharmony the time of the compensated state decreases, the probability of compensation disruption increases, that is, clinical manifestations can begin earlier.
Chronic disproportion of loading of varying severity is the basis of clinical dysplastic syndromes.
Arthrosis of stage
1) latent stage - here due to compensatory adaptive mechanisms, morphological changes outstrip clinical( functional);
2) compensation stage with an obvious clinical picture of load disruption, but not accompanied by signs of soft tissue decompensation;
3) stage of decompensation - characterized by clear signs of secondary disruption of the function of the surrounding joints of soft tissue structures.
The disproportion between the loading area and the "pressor disturbance" pressure is of decisive importance.
"Soft-tissue imbalance" is also important, accompanying almost any disruption of the joint load. It is the result of dysplastic changes directly in the soft tissues( muscles, ligaments, fasciae) and the effect of the displacement of the attachment points of the soft tissue elements due to the appearance of bone deformations of the articulating epiphyses.
The categorical judgment about the primacy of certain processes leading to the clinical manifestation of the disease is erroneous. Accordingly, treatment should be comprehensive.
The most important factor affecting articular cartilage is the dynamic load. In the conditions of discongrugency of articular surfaces, the area of their contact changes, as a result, the pressure on a certain segment of articular cartilage increases. Under these conditions degeneration of the hyaline cartilage occurs, its ability to withstand pressure and tension loads decreases. The trigger mechanism in the development of the disease is the destruction of articular cartilage in the critical( heaviest) zones.
Osteosclerosis, osteophytes - only compensatory reaction in bone tissue. It is non-uniform and depends on a number of reasons, especially on the condition of the local vascular system. Aseptic necrosis, cystic restructuring, creeping fractures - are also the cause of discomfort in the joint( as they lead to discongrugation of articular surfaces).
The ligament is stretched because it does not withstand prolonged over-stretching. This leads to further increase of pressure in a certain area of cartilage of the joint, and, as a consequence, to the development of its dystrophy and destruction.
Articular hyaline cartilage is not the only "weak link".Of particular importance are the attachment of ligaments and muscles to the bone. Soft-tissue imbalance and loading disruption inevitably affects these places and causes disturbances in their formation( typical for children, adolescents) or causes the development of dystrophic changes. For example, with a dislocation of the femoral head, pathological changes are observed in the form of the pelvic and femur: they are atrophic and affected by osteoporosis.
Certain value is given to dysplastic tendopathies, "attachment zone diseases" is another result of biomechanical correlation in the joint.
Postinfectious arthrosis, arthrosis caused by aseptic necrosis of the spongy bone of the epiphysis, intoxication, metabolic, etc. would be logically included in one group, although depending on the causes of their causing, the clinical symptoms may have their own characteristics.
Modern life realities confront people with a variety of manifestations of various serious diseases, which are the reason for the impossibility of movement. One of these unfavorably acting on the human body is arthrosis 1 degree, leading to severe pain in the articular tissues and cartilage. This is the so-called complete destruction of the structure of the joints, the absence of ligaments and deformation of the surface structural elements. Many patients are too late to seek help when osteoarthritis develops, and treatment procedures become less effective.
Types of arthrosis
- Arthrosis can be manifested in the hip joint and this disease is called coxarthrosis. It has often acquired character. There are, of course, cases of an inborn defect, when the skeleton is undeveloped in infants, the so-called dysplasia of the hip joint.
- At the age of forty to forty-five years, this diagnosis is a common occurrence. After all, today, for health, few people follow, turn to doctors for help only when pain can not be tolerated, leading to the last stage of the disease, when medicine is virtually powerless to affect the restoration of tissues.
- During the development of hip arthrosis, first one joint becomes inflamed, and this develops excellent conditions for impaired functionality and the second, which soon takes place if timely methods of treatment are not taken.
This deforming form of arthrosis can touch any joint of the human body, including the hip and leads to its dystrophy. Osteoarthritis is diagnosed, both in the elderly and in young people.
The first stage of the development of the disease can be missed, not paying attention to the periodic pain of the joint. Often they are written off for overwork of the body due to heavy physical exertion. However, having missed the first call of arthrosis, it is very difficult to fight with him afterwards.
Osteoarthritis is a disease that is not diagnosed at the first stage of development in most cases, so once you feel that you can not bend your arm in the elbow or stand on your foot, you should consult a competent specialist and find out the reason for this phenomenon, and not write off everything andalways on the fatigue of your body.
Osteoarthritis, deforming joints, develops slowly, but confidently enough. Do not hesitate, when the first discomfort of the hip joint will turn even a slight pain.
Arthrosis of the hands
Often this deforming form of arthrosis is attributed to the elderly. However, there are very many cases of manifestation of another at a young age. So no one is immune from arthrosis of the hands. The tendency of manifestation of this disease in persons under the age of thirty-five years is especially pronounced today.
Contribute to the development of arthrosis of the hands very tight and long work at the computer. So, osteoarthritis is a disease caused by the development of civilizational technological solutions. A sedentary lifestyle, the same pose, the emphasis of effort and stress on the body alone( in the chasm of the hand) is not the entire list of factors that can cause the disease.
Characteristics of stages of development of arthrosis of any human joint
Arthrosis of 1 degree
This is a deforming stage, which can be affected by a decrease in the active activity of the hip joint, hands that hurts from time to time, or is characterized by aching painful sensations. This stage of development of arthrosis can not be diagnosed by the external condition of articular sites, folds of hands. Disturbances of tissues consist in failure of receipt on menisci and cartilage of physiological developed liquid, due to what the standard function of the hip joint as a whole, brushes of hands is broken and pains are caused by it. Sometimes the pain manifests itself often in the first stage of arthrosis, and sometimes even absent. Treatment of first stage arthrosis is often non-drug, and limiting movement and causes the use of therapeutic physiological gymnastics along with a strict diet that excludes sweet, fatty, salty, smoked products.
Osteoarthritis of 2nd degree
Appears after missing the first bell or afterwards severe injuries that hurt the joints. The cause can be and the transferred operations during which the infection has been brought.
Osteoarthritis of 3rd degree
Development of the disease, which was not affected by the first two previous stages of development. The third degree is the most dangerous and unpromising mobility of a sick person for performing the most elementary movements, including hands.
Osteoarthrosis is a deforming stage of the disease, which is not diagnosed at the first stage of development in most cases, so once you feel that you can not bend your arm in the elbow or stand on your foot one morning, you should consult a competent specialist and find out the reason for this phenomenon, and not write offall and always on the fatigue of your body. A healthy human body must always be in motion, all parts of the body should function as much as possible during the day.
Be attentive to your health, and then deforming osteoarthritis is definitely not scary at any age!
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Signs and symptoms Arthrosis( 4 main symptoms)
Arthrosis or asteroarthrosis is a joint disease, the main cause of which is the violation of the patency of the vessels that feed the articular ends of the bone. At its core, this premature wear of the intraarticular cartilage due to a partial cessation or restriction of the supply of nutrients to it. In this case, the disease has a chronic, progressive nature, which is accompanied by increased pain in the joints and the gradual destruction of the cartilage resulting in the exposure of bone in the joint. After that, the joint stops working normally, the pain is present almost constantly, the formation of bone outgrowth begins with the possible deformation of the bone itself.
The most common arthrosis of the knee, hip and phalangeal joints. Traditionally, there are two types of arthrosis: primary - arising from the general background of age-related changes in the body, and secondary - developed as a result of trauma, excessive physical exertion, an infectious or other disease, for example, diabetes mellitus. Older people get arthritis more often, however, secondary arthrosis sometimes occurs at a younger age. The uncontrolled development of this disease can lead to disability. And here very important is the early detection of the disease and the timely initiation of treatment. In the early stages of asteroarthrosis can still be stopped, and prevent further development of the disease. Therefore, treat your health with due attention! And by subscribing to our newsletter, you will always be aware of all medical news and new treatments!
Osteoarthritis: symptoms of the disease
Suddenly arising joint pain
The main symptom of arthrosis is an unexpected pain in the joint that appears with physical stress on it and the possible occurrence of convulsive muscle tension. At the second stage of the development of the disease, small tumors can arise in the area of the joint affected by the disease, audible crunch and constant discomfort during the joint operation.
Minor pain while walking
With arthrosis of the knee or coonarthrosis, the manifestation of the disease begins with minor pain during walking, especially when climbing the stairs, as well as in the case of long standing in one place or sitting without moving.
Convulsive pain in calves
As a manifested symptom of arthrosis, at night during rest, convulsive pains in calves may occur. After a while, in the second stage of development of coonarthrosis, a small knee tumor may form, and ordinary leg bending begins to cause painful discomfort. If at this stage of the disease bend the knee to the stop, then a crunch is heard and a painful feeling arises in the joint. When probing the joint, there is a feeling of pain if you try to dislodge the patella.
In the third stage, it is almost impossible to completely straighten the leg, and therefore a man affected by arthrosis of the knee joint goes all the time on slightly bent legs. The curvature of the legs begins to develop, the knee joints swell and protrude. This stage of the development of the disease is characterized by the constant presence of pain in the knee joints. Statistics show that the development of coonarthrosis in the third stage occurs in 15% of cases. In the majority of cases, its development stops earlier, thanks to the timely treatment begun. Therefore, if you noticed the primary signs of this disease from your friends or friends, then do not forget to draw their attention to this article.
Symptoms of coxarthrosis
Pain in the groin
The primary symptom of arthrosis of the hip joints or coxarthrosis is a recurrent pain in the groin that extends along the front or side of the thigh can reach the knee. At the same time, a pain sensation almost never appears below the knee, and in this the main difference in the signs of coxarthosis is the pain resulting from loin damage, for example, in the hernia of the intervertebral disc.
Pain often occurs when getting up from the stool and the first few steps after that are painful enough. In the first stage, the pain in the joint is not sharp, but rather a background, noisy, more pronounced with long walks and physical exertion. As the disease progresses, pain sensations occur more often and their intensity increases. Already in the second stage, a sharp aggravation may occur, which lasts for several days. Appears clearly audible crunch of the joint. In the third stage, in addition to pain, there is a significant limitation of leg mobility. It is almost impossible to raise your knee to your chest or sit down with your legs wide apart. Rotation of the leg can be made only by the movement of the waist.
Diagnosis of arthrosis
Diagnosis of arthrosis is based, first of all, on the determination of such a predisposing factor as the appearance of pain and discomfort in the movements of the joints. If the above signs of the disease occur, it is possible to perform an X-ray, radionuclide and morphological study. All studies are conducted only in clinical settings and conclusions on them should be given only by qualified specialists. On our website, you can always ask questions about symptoms, treatment and prevention of arthrosis in the comments below.
Photo of patients with arthrosis