Pediatric flatfoot massage
Pediatric flatfoot massage
Flat feet - this is a deformity of the foot, which is accompanied by the lowering of its arches - longitudinal or transverse. Frontal lobe is usually diagnosed in children during adolescence, but it can also occur in younger children, it is difficult to detect the presence of deformity until the age of three, because during this period the feet of all children, even healthy ones, are flattened.
Clinic of the disease
At the time of the birth of the child, the arch of the foot is filled with a fatty layer, which makes the foot itself even. Over time, the interlayer disappears and the correct shape of the vault appears.
Causes of flatfoot development in children
Before talking about ways to eliminate flatfoot, you need to understand the reasons that can cause it. There are several:
- congenital pathology is the most rare cause of flat feet in children, it accounts for only 3% of the total number of cases;
- prolonged wearing of shoes - numerous studies conducted by medical workers and doctors of sciences have shown that children who walk barefoot much less often suffer from flat feet than those who are constantly in shoes;
- poor quality and uncomfortable shoes - the very fact of constant wearing of shoes increases the risk of flat feet, if the shoes are also uncomfortable, the risk increases several times;
- low physical activity - modern children are increasingly changing their walks on the street for a while at the computer monitor. In this regard, the muscles of the foot become weaker, and can not protect it from the load during walking or running. As a consequence - flat feet;
- improper diet - it is also attributed to factors contributing to the development of flatfoot, so it is very important to monitor the full nutrition of the child, enrich it with products containing phosphorus and calcium.
Degrees of flatfoot
After the causes of flatfoot development are listed, you can proceed to the methods of its elimination. It should be noted that the earlier the flat foot is revealed, the more effective will be its treatment.
Therefore, you need to watch very carefully the child, it is obligatory to seek the help of a specialist if it is noticed that the toddler is clumsy or makes an emphasis on the inside of the foot while walking - this feature of the gait immediately catches the eye, can not go unnoticed.
Orthopedic insoles are considered one of the most effective ways to combat flatfoot. They are made of elastic material, so do not give the child uncomfortable sensations while walking. Such insoles can be used to prevent flat feet and treat existing deformities.
In the first case, insoles are bought in regular specialized stores, and in the latter case they are made by a qualified orthopedist on the basis of a foot impression or its computer model. Accordingly, the insole used to treat flatfoot, can not be used repeatedly, especially by other children.
Therapeutic physical training
LFK is also considered a very effective way to eliminate flat feet in a child. Exercises are represented by a very wide complex, so they can be selected only by a highly qualified specialist who has the proper education. The complex of exercises includes walking. It is performed on the socks, heels, and the lateral part of the foot.
LFK with flatfoot
There are also many exercises with objects - balls, walking sticks, etc. Regardless of which complex of exercises is chosen for a specific child, the task of exercise therapy remains unchanged - strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the foot.
It is known that the human foot is held in the correct position due to the muscles and ligaments that support it by contraction and elongation under the influence of loads. And if these muscles are relaxed, not strong enough, the arch of the foot begins to deform, flat feet develop.
Accordingly, in order for the foot to have an anatomically correct shape, you need to strengthen its muscles and ligaments, you can do it yourself, doing certain exercises, leading a healthy lifestyle, and also with the help of a massage, which can only be done by qualified specialists.
Based on the above, it is possible to outline the main goals, which can be achieved by massage with flat feet in children: muscle strengthening;the removal of muscle tension and fatigue, which occurs in the course of a long stay in an upright position;reduction of pain syndrome;restoring the spring functions of the foot.
Also during the professional massage improves lymph and blood circulation, which also has a beneficial effect on the condition of the foot, the whole body.
It should be noted that foot massage is considered one of the most effective methods of preventing flat feet, but no less effective in the complex therapy aimed at its treatment.
As for the method of performing a child's massage, all manipulations are performed in the position of the child - lying on the back. After some time the child turns over on the stomach - the massage continues.
During manipulations, such techniques as stroking, kneading, rubbing and vibration are used. Particular attention is paid to the muscles of the lower leg and the foot. The rate of massage with flat feet suggests about 15 sessions, depending on the degree of deformation. Massage is performed every other day.
Usually the whole massage procedure is divided into two parts. Initially, a general massage is done before the lesson of therapeutic gymnastics. After completing the exercises for another 5 minutes, it is recommended to do a restorative massage.
Regarding the succession of the therapeutic massage, initially the massage is performed by the massage of the gastrocnemius muscle. Next, the transition to the Achilles tendon, then - to the outside of the shin. After that, a massage is performed, aimed at warming the back of the foot. Next - massage soles.
Massage of the sole
After some time, during which the calf muscle is performed, the masseur again returns to the warm-up of the foot. In this case, depending on the leg area on which the massage is performed, the technique of its implementation and the techniques used differ. Therefore, such manipulations can only be trusted by specialists.
In order for the procedures to be effective, the child is recommended to additionally perform physical exercises from the exercise therapy, which are also aimed at strengthening the muscles of the foot. It can be walking on heels and toes, on the back side of the foot, as well as manipulation with balls, rubber pear. In addition, especially useful in this case will be riding a bike, walking barefoot on sand or pebbles.
Many children suffering from flat feet, in combination with massage procedures are recommended to sign for swimming. In this case, the strengthening of the muscles and ligaments of the foot will occur in a shorter period, and the result will become more noticeable.
A child should provide high-quality shoes, equipped with a supinator, necessary to maintain the inner arch of the foot. Also need to remember - the back of the shoes should be high with lacing.
Only with an integrated approach to fighting flatfoot, treatment will be successful. To correct deformity of the foot in childhood is quite simple, regardless of its degree.
Video - Platypodia in children
Massage with flat feet in children
Flattening is the straightening of the longitudinal arch of the foot and increasing the load on its inner edge. Most often in children, a flat-valgus development of the foot is observed, since the bones of babies are still easily distorted and affected.
Foot massage with flat feet
Flat feet in children will help you overcome the healing and preventive massage. You can make it to any child. With its help, you can correctly place the arch of the foot, reduce pain and muscle fatigue, improve blood circulation and overall well-being.
Massage with flat feet is done every other day for a month, each session takes at least a quarter of an hour. Single lessons will not allow you to succeed.
Pediatric flat feet massage involves massaging the entire surface of the foot, and not only directly affecting the area of the sole, since the disease involves a significant strain of all muscle groups that need to be relaxed. In this case, considerable attention should be paid to the anterior and posterior surfaces of the tibia, and then to the foot.
Massage video for flat feet in children
Massage of gastrocnemius muscle should be done by light stroking movements in the foot area. Bring it all in the form of a game. Put your baby on the stomach and pound the foot, while pressing slightly with your fingers.
For massaging the calcaneal tendon, you can use a special rubber orthopedic mat or take on work yourself and with light circular, directed movements to rub the foot from the heel to the fingertips.
When correcting flat feet in children, you should massage the external side of the shin, laying the child on the back with a roller under your feet. In this case, it is necessary to rub the fingers in the area of the pads and phalanges, and also to stroke the feet in a circular fashion.
Then, the back of the sole is stimulated with circular massage movements of the upper side of the foot to the ankle and in the opposite direction. Massaging it should be especially careful, since this is the most vulnerable area. Massage of the sole is carried out by rubbing and circular action on the tips of the fingers and heels.
Pediatric flat-valgus foot massage, video
Valgus flatfoot is the deviation of the main axis of the foot, with a significant deformation of the arches when the heel bone looks outward. In everyday life, this deviation is called "clubfoot."Depending on the type of deformation, attention is given to the most problematic areas.
With such flat feet in children, massage is done on 20 procedures every day, with breaks between courses for 2-4 weeks, with the greatest impact in the middle of the course. It is done neatly, without painful sensations to achieve a complete relaxing effect. The most effective for valgus feet will be a massage with various concomitant general strengthening procedures.
Plane flatness exercises in children
A flat-foot massage for children is complemented by a set of exercises, since everything in aggregate allows you to achieve positive results much faster.
Therapeutic exercises should be carried out several times a day, breaking the complex into parts, paying special attention to the development of the correct position of the legs when walking.
The main exercises are: walking on the outer and inner edges of the foot, lifting on socks, walking on a ribbed board and a raised surface, gripping the toes of small objects, picking up the toes of the fabric, sitting "in Turkish," squats. Exercises on the massage mat in the water have a strengthening effect without unnecessary load, giving the child a lot of fun.
The meaning and function of muscles in the development of flatfoot
Normally, the foot consists of many small bones that are joined together by ligaments and joints. Their movements and rotation are controlled by tendons and muscles. During the movements of the legs, the muscles lengthen and shorten again, changing its shape.
All the muscles of the foot are divided into two groups.
- Located on the sole, as well as the muscles of the back surface. They play a big role in the processes of flexion, extension of the dilution and the reduction of the fingers.
- Plantar muscles divide, in turn, into the muscles that raise the pinky, the muscles that lift the thumb and middle muscle group. This group is much weaker than the plantar ones.
In addition, the posterior and anterior tibial muscles of the lower leg participate in the functions of the foot. From their condition depends not only the biomechanics of the foot, but also the lightness, smoothness, stability of the gait.
Foot formation in children
In children up to a certain age, the foot appears flat, since the plantar part of the small child is shorter and wider than the adult. Piggy baby seems small, and fingers seem to diverge in the form of a fan in different directions. The plantar part in its composition has a fat layer that smooths the vaults of the foot.The flat structure of the foot and the lowering of its arches are the reason that children under the age of 3-4 years quickly get tired when walking. Over time, the legs get normal shapes, and feet appear on the sole. Flat feet can develop for many reasons, but one of them is muscle weakness.
This can occur due to paresis, paralysis, injuries, diseases, as well as great physical exertion on the sole. Foot massage with flat feet is one of the methods of complex conservative treatment that gives good results if used together with therapeutic gymnastics, wearing special shoes and insoles.
Foot massage with flat feet has its own features and techniques. At its carrying out it is necessary to consider, that innervation of the bottom extremities begins at a level of a backbone, therefore it will be useless to spend a separate massage of feet or only stop. Experts advise to carry out massage movements, starting at least from the back, then gradually move to the front and back of the thighs, and only then massage the lower legs and feet.
Techniques used for the massage of the shins and feet are different, but basically two are used:
- The flat foot massage begins with the calf muscles( gastrocnemius), then smoothly passes to the Achilles tendon, ankle joint, from there to the sole. After a few minutes of massage the plantar part again go to the ankle joint, tendons and calf muscles.
- General massage, starting from the knee area and gradually descending to the fingertips. After that, the inner and outer surfaces of the lower leg are massaged, then they go to the sole and end with the thumb.
Techniques use those that are used for general massage - kneading, stroking, squeezing, vibration, pressing, squeezing. As a supplement, you can use a variety of massage mats or rollers. The only contraindication for carrying out is considered varicose veins of the legs, which occurs mainly in adults.
Massage with flat feet in children has the following rules.
- First you can use the simplest techniques and rules, gradually moving to complex tricks.
- All receptions are carried out cautiously, and when crying or crying the child should stop. The reason for this behavior of the child may be a careless move or insufficient experience of the nurse conducting the procedure.
- The movements are carried out only in the prone position, so as not to create an additional load on the whole locomotor apparatus of the child. The joints and ligaments of the baby are not completely formed, and sudden tremors can injure the bone system.
Separately it is necessary to tell about massage at a varus or a flat-valgus deformation when in addition to the development of flat feet, the feet fall inward or the heel deviates somewhat outward. With this deformation, not only the feet deform, but also the ankle, knee and hip joints. Therefore, massage with flat feet of such forms should be done carefully, so as not to give the child unpleasant sensations.
How many courses need to be performed
The massage course should consist of at least 12( with a mild flat foot) or 20 sessions( in severe cases) that take place every other day. By time the procedure can take from 7-10 to 20 minutes. A year can be a minimum of 3-4 courses.In case of congenital pathology, stop massage can be started from the age of 1.5-2 months at least 45 minutes after eating. Usually the procedure is carried out until the result is obtained. Massage in adults such a result as in children, usually does not give, the reason is that in an adult the musculoskeletal apparatus is already formed.
It is not recommended to conduct the massage itself if the parents do not have skills or special education. With any suspicion of flat feet, you need to consult an orthopedic doctor for advice and start conservative therapy as soon as possible, in the complex of which massage is necessarily present.
Foot massage with flat feet in children: at home, videos, reviews
Tell me, dear parents, do you often stroke the legs of your beloved child? But this must be done as often as possible. These actions will not only give the child a few fun minutes, but will also have a very tangible impact on the process of his blood circulation. For massaging the limbs, as a method of healing, you need to take as early as possible. But first we need to understand - what is a childish platypodia. Why does it appear at such an early age, and what are the effective methods of treating flatfoot today.
Why do you need to do foot massage with flat feet?
I think that parents who doubt whether a child needs to do a massage are very few. But for those who are still thinking, I will answer this question laconically and loudly - yes, it is necessary to do this! And even it can be said is extremely necessary. Data suggest that flat feet have up to 70% of schoolchildren. Today, heavy loads are falling on them, and they get too tired. That's why they could relax and relax, just and you need to do massage procedures. Recently, the footsteps of our contemporaries are more susceptible to deformation due to his way of life. We often go shod in shoes that are not of high quality, at home we have hard floors, and barefoot we rarely go. As a result, due to insufficient massaging of the feet, we get such a disease as flat feet. A lot of people are prone to flat feet today, but their complaints are not constant, so many may have a slight feeling of frivolity of this disease. But, alas, this is completely wrong. Flattening negatively affects the work of the upper joints. Because of it, the knee and hip joint are highly overstrained, posture may be bent, there is pain in the spine. It is to avoid such consequences, even at an early age it is necessary to make the child a strengthening massage.
Methods to combat early platypodia
To combat flat feet in children, specialists in the field of orthopedics come to the rescue. Thanks to their efforts, a special orthopedic footwear appeared, fixing the foot in the right position. And also the rug, massaging stops, orthopedic insoles and pelots is on sale. However, do not forget about the most important and perhaps the most effective method, which can be easily carried out at home - massage! Massage is considered the most effective method of prevention and control of children's flat feet. All children, maybe with a few exceptions, are much more likely to treat massage than to orthopedic adaptations. Tactile contact with kids is more pleasant. But if we treat you with more severe forms of this disease, which develop to adolescence, then orthopedic adaptations are simply necessary.
What is a good foot massage?
When the child is already starting to get up, it is necessary to do a preventive massage against flat feet. At this time, their ligament apparatus is still very weak and massage is needed to strengthen the functions of the muscles of the legs. If you find the first signs, you can not delay. Since the greatest effect of massage against flat feet in children is achieved at an early age, when they are not yet experiencing heavy loads. Especially important is the foot massage for a child up to a year. Therapeutic massage, made at an early age, largely prevents the subsequent appearance of this disease in adults. The primary goal of such a massage is muscular hardening of the foot. To restore the healthy functionality of the foot, it is necessary to conduct a massage course of 12-15 procedures, every six months. After the fourth procedure, the child will feel light and improve in the legs. We must not forget that the disease, which is not paid any due attention, immediately begins to progress. While massage the child, it is possible to achieve great improvements even with a very neglected condition of the foot. Today, the majority of parents who are happy for the health of their children prefer to massage it more than the other orthopedic methods mentioned above. And all because this massage is absolutely harmless.
Technique of foot massage
- Stroking: from the ankle, to the popliteal lymph nodes and further to the groin area. When you massage the feet, stroke the supporting part of the palm and stroking the comb-like reception - the knuckles of the fingers gathered into a fist.- Rubbing with your fingertips: circular movements on the back of the foot and toes, the area of the ankles, heels, rubbing the sole with a comb-like technique.- Tongue kneading: the arches of the foot, as well as the elevation of each finger, starting with the large one.- Vibration: pinching, tapping, patting, shaking of the foot.- Movement of the joints of the fingers: active and passive, i.e.independent and compulsory.
Video: Foot massage for a childRating: +1 Votes: 16515 views
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Children's massage with flat feet
Massage: on the inner surface of the foot and shin muscles are overgrown and relaxed. First massage is carried out on the inner surface of the foot. Stroking of each finger( 1 and 2 fingers), interosseous gaps, pincer stroking along the inner edge of the foot, stroking the ankle joint with the thumbs, transition to the interosseous interval, the inner edge of the shin, spiral grinding, gum-grinding including fingers, transition to the shank with ring grinding, gummed kneading, vibration - effleurage, chopping, puncturing.
Next, massage the external surface of the foot and lower leg( 3,4 and 5 fingers): stroking the fingers, interosseous gaps, pincer smoothing, spiral grinding, gum-grinding along the outer edge of the foot with transition to the shin. Duration of massage 10 min.15 sessions. After 1.5-2 months.repeat the course. Massage is performed in combination with a back massage.
Gymnastics: we fix the ankle joint, perform rotational movements to the outside, perform equalizing movements of the foot, flexion and extension of each finger, dilution of the fingers, bend the legs of the child in the knees and press the palms on the socks, causing resistance( strengthen the muscles of the foot).Active movements: Drum roll( sitting on the floor, the child knocks with fingertips), pulling objects with your feet using a towel, rolling a bottle, walking on socks in a straight line, walking on pebbles. It is also recommended to wear the supinators.http: //massage-club.dn.ua /ru/news/ 201. ..