Flat foot is a violation of the arch of the foot. The foot flattened and ceases to spring when walking, often this happens because of the increased load on the foot. Contribute to the development of flat-feet and constant work on the legs, excess weight, tight uncomfortable shoes. There is pain in the legs, severe fatigue of the legs by the evening.
From 40 to 60% of the world's population suffer from flat feet. The gait of a healthy person differs from the gait of a patient with flat feet. A healthy person steps easily, as if rolling from his heel to his fingers. Weakened muscles and ligaments of the foot lead to deformation of the foot and a change in gait. Small foot bone is anatomically linked by muscles and ligaments. It resembles a connecting band forming the bend of the foot.
Usually, with flat feet, the foot is lengthened and you have to buy shoes for 1 - 2 sizes more.
Sometimes, near the thumb grows a bump, fingers and corns appear around the fingers, fingers seem to expand to the sides. There are violations in the longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot. Such a flatfoot is called longitudinal-transverse: the foot is lengthened and the fingers expand to the sides.
There are three stages of flatfoot development
The initial stage of flatfoot
The legs are very tired by the evening, even with low load. When you press the middle of the soles, you feel a pain. Legs often swell in the evening, but overnight come back to normal and in the morning the guardian falls off. Prevention of flatfoot at home at this early stage is the massage of calves, warm baths for the feet are still useful. A doctor can prescribe for you electrostimulation of calves, physiotherapy and hydromassage.
With a developed stage flattenedness does not rest day and night. It hurts not only the feet, but also the lower leg. From severe pain in the feet and legs, the gait becomes heavier, like a duck. There are problems with shoes, it becomes difficult to find.
Flatfoot prevention at the advanced stage
The doctor prescribes procedures in the clinic: magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, ozocerite applications, phonophoresis, curative gymnastics and massage. Gymnastics and massage can be done at home. Massage the feet and the inner surface of the shins for 10-15 minutes every day. Get a massager. The doctor will recommend to purchase special opto-pedic insoles, which are sold in pharmacies. They are for the entire foot or only under the heel.
Running flatness stage
Walking is difficult. The foot is heavily deformed. Patients are not able to work at this stage. Treatment is a surgical intervention. Cuneiform or crescent resection is not an easy operation, but recovery will take at least two months. When the stage is started, only orthopedic footwear is made to order.
Flatfoot prevention or who is at risk
- If someone in the family suffers from this ailment, then the probability of inheritance is high.
- Flat feet can occur as a result of an injury. The foot is flattened due to fractures, for example, the ankle, calcaneus, tarsi bones, damage to the tissues of the arch of the foot.
- Pregnant, especially in recent months, the load on the feet is greatly increased.
- Footwear. Too narrow or too wide, shoes with a very high heel or even without a heel are equally harmful to the feet. From the narrow shoes and appear cones on the legs, bones near the thumb, sometimes on one leg, and sometimes just two. They often get sore and inflamed.
- Working on the feet, such professionals as sellers and hairdressers often suffer from flat feet.
- Wearing heavy bags and lifting weights not only give a load on the hands but also flatten the feet.
- Overweight. In obese people, the load on the legs considerably exceeds the norm. And if a person with excess weight also wears heavy bags, narguzka increases many times.
Flatness: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention
What is the platypodia
Philistine opinion that flat feet - a serious disease, unworthy of attention, many are misleading. Many dismiss the first symptoms of flat feet, writing off them for fatigue or uncomfortable shoes, do not attach importance to those bells that the body signals about the rapidly approaching illness. Meanwhile, flat feet - a serious problem, because of which men are not taken into the army, and a "yellow ticket" in our country is simply not given.
So what is a flatfoot? From the point of view of medicine, this is a flattening of the arches of the foot and a complete loss of all its damping functions. That is, the foot takes shape, because of which a normal, physiological movement becomes impossible.
Normally, the foot has two arches - longitudinal, along the inner edge of the foot, and transverse between the bases of the fingers. Depending on where the violations occur, distinguish between longitudinal and transverse platypodia. In especially severe cases, doctors diagnose combined flat feet - when there is a flattening of both the longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot.
At first glance, such a violation of the structure of the foot does not seem dangerous. The person continues to walk, lead an active lifestyle. But soon the deformation of the foot will respond to problems throughout the body. A stop in the process of walking is not a separate element, it is part of a single complex. The compacted foot stops performing one of its functions - spring, and then the spine has to compensate for shaking when walking. In addition, the load increases also on the joints of the legs: ankle, hip and knee. Since they are not meant to compensate for nature by shaking, they very soon begin to declare this with pain and inflammation.
Threatens flat feet
The pains appear when the joints are tired of compensating for the loss of natural depreciation. By this time, not only joints of the legs begin to change, pathological changes occur in the spine, posture disorders may develop, and later - scoliosis. Chronic osteochondrosis, radiculitis, herniated intervertebral discs - this can be a consequence of flat feet.
In severe cases, failure to take action can lead to a severe chronic disease - arthrosis. And this is the first step on the sad path to disability. Often, those who suffer from flat feet, eventually add to the list of diseases inflammation of the meniscus.
In addition to the already mentioned problems with the joints of the legs and the spine, flat feet can cause other pathological conditions. They will not bring death to death, but they will always spoil the mood or, as doctors say, they will significantly reduce the quality of life.
It is unlikely that permanent pain in the legs can be called an indicator of a high quality of life. The pain will cause your body to be protected - and your gait will acquire a previously uncommon weight. A clubfoot may appear, which will not add to your grace.
A huge "bone" on the big toe - this is the usual consequence of neglected flat feet. In a number of pathologies of the foot due to flat feet - the curvature of the toes, calluses. These are not only aesthetic problems, they are quite painful problems. The so-called heel spur - Mardan's neuralgia, which is accompanied by burning pains - in 90% of cases occurs due to flat feet.
Symptoms of flatfoot( how to identify)
The first symptoms of flatfoot you can notice yourself. You quickly get tired when walking and even faster if you have to stand for a long time in one place. By the end of the day, fatigue in the legs, a feeling of heaviness, swelling, especially in the area of the ankles. Sometimes in the evening there are cramps, often - nocturnal. Heels no longer bring pleasure - in shoes with heels it becomes very difficult to walk. The leg as if grown, habitual shoes become small and you have to buy shoes for half a size, or even a whole size more. Particularly noticeable increase in foot width - are becoming inaccessible to narrow shoes. Heels on shoes wear out unevenly, on the inside wear more.
If you find more than three of these symptoms in your body, this should be the reason to undergo a doctor exam. However, such symptoms are also characteristic of another serious leg disease - varicose veins. By the way, varicosity very often becomes a true companion of flatfoot.
To distinguish one from another, you can conduct an elementary test at home: step with a wet foot on a piece of paper. On a print, you can determine the presence of flat feet. The deformed foot does not have recesses characteristic for the healthy foot along the inner edge.
Causes of flatfoot
One of the causes of flatfoot is considered a hereditary predisposition - congenital weakness of the ligamentous apparatus. If in your family someone suffered from flat feet, then you are more likely to suffer from a flattening of the foot.
Weakness of the ligament of the foot and lower leg can be caused by low physical activity. Usually such people suffer from seated occupations who do not bother to exercise and play sports. In the risk group representatives of professions who have to stand a lot: hairdressers, sellers, cooks.
Overweight can cause flat feet. For the same reason, many women after the birth note that they have "grown up" leg. Most often this is not so much a real "growth" of leg length as a significant change in its width due to a large body mass gain during pregnancy.
Uncomfortable shoes, constant wearing of high heels - all this can also provoke the development of flat feet even in young people.
Flat-footedness is not a cosmetic drawback, it is a serious disease. It is insidious in that it develops gradually, imperceptibly, it is impossible to immediately detect its manifestations. Meanwhile, flatfoot treatment is a serious problem. You have to struggle with flat feet throughout your life, especially if you are at risk for a job or because of excess weight. A complete cure for flat feet is possible only in childhood, so if you are already out of a tender age, prepare all your life to fight for the beauty and health of your feet.
Once you get the diagnosis of "flat feet", you can never say with relief: "I'm healed!".Therefore, the task of people suffering from the initial stage of flatfoot is to preserve the present state for as long as possible, to prevent the development of more severe forms, to retain the shape of the foot without ugly deformations. The earlier the disease is detected, the less the deformation of the foot.
Treatment should be comprehensive. On the one hand, it is necessary to identify and get rid of disease-provoking factors. On the other hand, constantly strengthen the ligament apparatus. In addition, it is necessary to prevent the development of complications. And, finally, to remove the pain syndrome.
To determine the cause of flatfoot, it is not necessary to consult a doctor - it's critical to assess your lifestyle. When you find the factor or factors that have caused flatfoot, make every effort to exclude them. Have extra weight - lose weight. At work, spend the whole day on your feet - change jobs or even try to take breaks. Love to wear shoes with high heels - change to more comfortable shoes! Beauty requires sacrifice, but not in the form of loss of health.
In the case of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, and flat feet to exactly this is the case, therapeutic exercise is shown. It strengthens muscles, trains the ligament apparatus, corrects the setting of the foot bones, forms the correct position of the foot when walking.
There are many special corrective exercise complexes that take into account age, weight, degree of flat feet, complaints, age. Only an orthopedic physician will be able to choose a complex that is right for you, he will advise on the intensity with which to perform the exercises. The advice to consult a doctor is especially important for those who have a flatfoot for a long time past the first stage, and there were visible complications: the size of the foot increased, a "bone" appeared on the thumb. Incorrectly chosen exercises can aggravate an already difficult situation.
If the flatfoot is only in the initial stage, that is, you experience a certain discomfort, a feeling of fatigue, but no visible changes yet, then treatment can be done independently. Doctors-orthopedists are advised to adhere to the four universal rules, which are both the treatment and prevention of flatfoot.
Home treatment of flatfoot, flatfoot prevention
Rule one. Walk barefoot when possible. This is the most affordable way to massage the feet. In addition, in addition to the effect of massage for the treatment and prevention of flatfoot, you massage on the foot biologically active points that are responsible for the health of internal organs. Walk barefoot as often as possible.
Rule two. Have a rest. Especially, if you strongly strain your legs during the working day. Alternate activity with rest, work in a standing position with activity sitting. Find during the day time to lie down for about five minutes with your legs high. Ideally, if after an hour and a half work standing, you will rest for ten minutes.
Rule third Do charging for the stop. The most accessible is a massage mat. Walk on it you need at least twice a day for ten minutes. Do not be superfluous will be special exercises that you can do even at work. In the sitting position, you must alternately remove the heel from the floor, then remove the socks from the floor. If you can afford to take off your shoes at least for a while, then try to grab small items with your toes. These same exercises can be performed standing. In a standing position, you can be like heels, on toes, on the outer arches of feet. Do such exercises at least two minutes twice a day - and the condition of the feet will improve, and then gradually decrease, and then completely disappear the pain.
Rule Fourth .Properly selected shoes. If a doctor diagnosed a flatfoot, then with high-heeled shoes, if not completely say goodbye, then significantly limit its use, leaving for especially solemn occasions. Perhaps, it is necessary to pay attention to special orthopedic footwear. Or at least get special orthopedic insoles. They will help relieve the painful areas of the foot and correct the deformities that have already appeared. In addition, the insole will take on the functions of the shock absorber, compensate for the loss of foot of its natural functions.
All these measures will allow you not to let the disease disfigure your foot, to maintain the health, beauty and youth of your legs as long as possible.
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