Why does the gout attack and how long does it last?Deposits of crystalline formations of uric acid( the product of processing of the genetic material of the human body) in the region of the joints and in the surrounding tissues cause such a disease as gout. This disease is always accompanied by pain in the joints, when the attack of gout begins.
This is an age-related disease, because the older a person becomes, the higher the level of uric acid in his body. Despite the fact that a person regularly hears about gout, one can not say that the disease is very common. Very often gout manifests itself as arthrosis or arthritis.
Physiology of an attack
A gout attack is a consequence of the disruption of nucleoprotein metabolism. The nuclear substance of tissues consists of protein and nucleic acids. Between them, and there is a violation of exchange. Hence gout occurs. Nucleoproteins are a source of uric acid.
During a gout attack, uric acid sodium crystallizes in the mesenchymal tissues( cartilage, articular bags, tendons, fasciae, muscles, skin, kidneys).In this case, even nodules can be formed. Urates are deposited in these tissues, because they have a high content of sodium ions. This slows down the process of splitting and solubility.
Also to the physiology of the seizures of this disease can be attributed the fact that the female gout is much less common than in men.
Women very often confuse gout with arthrosis of the thumb. For an accurate diagnosis, you should see a doctor and he will prescribe a treatment.
What is a gout attack?
Seizures depend on the complexity of the disease. Divide gout can be divided into several types:
- increased content of uric acid( MK);
- gouty arthritis;
- remission gout;
- tofusnaya gout.
For gout of the first type, a low concentration of MK in the blood is characteristic, so the symptomatology is practically not manifested. At this stage, seizures do not appear. And the initial stage of the disease can be the formation of urolithiasis, the treatment of which must be carried out immediately to prevent the development of gout. If a painful sensation arises in the joints, it is insignificant and short-term and amounts to 3-4 hours. Perhaps if you immediately pay attention to the pain and carry out the treatment, the seizures will not happen again, given that gout is a disease that is cured quite simply. The main thing is not to start the process.
For gouty arthritis, nucleoprotein crystallization occurs in a dense elastic mass that fills the joint cavity( synovial fluid).This mainly occurs in the articular tissue of the big toes. The reaction of the body is a sharp inflammatory process( gout).But not only the toes are affected by gout. This can occur in the ankle or knee joint, in the phalanges of the fingers and in the wrist. The attack lasts not for long( about a day).
After the attack is over, the pain will be gone within 48 hours. The next attack can occur at this stage only after a few years.
If the disease does not pay attention, then the seizures will increase, and over time, the intervals between them will be significantly reduced. This is how remission gout occurs. The attack becomes durable and intense. It can affect not only one joint and last 2-3 days. Gout is peculiar to exacerbation, mainly at night, which begin suddenly. Just as suddenly they pass, and this is already a warning sign. Means, it is necessary to carry out treatment.
Tofus is a granular bundle that consists of crystallized uric acid substances, it is peculiar only to gout. These subcutaneous nodules are firm, but they are not outgrowths, since they are mobile. Their color is yellow or cream. The skin in these places becomes thin and inflamed. In this case, painful feelings already accompany a person almost constantly, with breaks of 1-2 days. But tofusnaya gout is a rare disease, because, diagnosing the early stages, doctors conduct treatment and the disease goes away.
Weak seizures last no more than one day. Often people confuse short-lived pain with stretching ligaments or excessive fatigue of the legs due to stress.
It should be remembered that at the first signs of gout it is better to immediately consult a doctor to exclude the progression of the disease and to conduct gout treatment.
What to do during an attack?
According to many people, the pain in a fit of gout can be compared to a toothache or the pain of a woman in labor during a fight. But all the same it is not necessary to panic, it is better to make attack on attacks competent and to take advantage of some useful advices:
Rapid development of an acute attack
- to adhere to a confinement;
- do not allow contact with shoes or clothing;
- drink plenty of fluids;
- take an analgesic;
- if possible touching the joint, apply cold;
- to avoid the ingestion of foods that cause metabolic disturbances.
An acute attack of gout can be prolonged and painful. Therefore, you need to adhere to bed rest. The less a person will irritate the joint, the more painful it will be. It is better to keep the affected joint in a raised state, but only in a relaxed state. For example, under the foot put a few pillows.
You do not need to wear shoes during the attack and cover the area affected by the gout with clothing. It is better to leave it in the open state and lie as much as possible, because the gout is characterized by a very painful sensation.
Quickly get rid of even a sharp and violent attack will help abundant drinking( 3-3.5 liters per day).A large amount of liquid will help to remove uric acid faster from the body. But this does not mean that you need to constantly drink black tea with sugar or coffee. It is better to brew herbal tea, dog rose or cranberries. These plants contribute to the stabilization of the kidneys, which is important for the treatment of gout. Doctors speak about the innervation of the kidneys is one of the main causes of exacerbation of gout. If a person does not have problems with the cardiovascular system, you can drink alkaline drinks: celery juice or carrot juice. Alkalis neutralize crystal-like substances and promote their rapid excretion at the onset of an attack. This is a kind of treatment for gout at home, conducted before the arrival of the doctor.When the attack lasts for a long time, many want to reduce suffering and begin taking pain medication in the hope that they will help relieve pain with gout. It is necessary to know that some pain blockers can only adversely affect the course of the disease and increase the time of the attack of gout. In this case, attacks last even longer. In particular, you should avoid drugs containing aspirin. Aspirin slows the process of excretion of MC products, which makes the attack more prolonged and does not relieve pain. Not depending on how long the seizures last, you can take painkillers only after the doctor has prescribed the treatment.
In the event that the attack is not strong and the joint is not very sore, you can apply cold. But only for about 7 minutes. This is enough to make the pain a little quieter. Do not necessarily put a frozen chicken on your leg. It can be a small piece of gauze, which must first be dipped in icy water. If you apply the cold every hour, the pain will soon subside and the attack will be faster.
When the exacerbation of the disease begins, you need to limit yourself in taking high-protein fish and meat products. They contain a lot of purine, which contributes to the stagnation of uric acid. In this case, it is not said that these foods can be eaten during the calm of the disease. You do not need to completely remove them from the diet, but it is better at least to shorten and alternate with vegetable, fruit and dairy products. Such treatment is very effective and helps to quickly get rid of gout. When the exacerbation begins, under no circumstances should you take alcoholic beverages. Alcohol - one of the causes of concentration of MC in the blood. No need to think that alcohol can quench the pain. It will last only a few hours, and the attack does not go away, the pain will become even stronger, and the attack - more protracted.
Treatment of gout at home allows you to calm down the pain and end the attack for 3 days, that is, when there is an exacerbation of gout. After the attack is stopped, it is better to immediately turn to a specialist - a rheumatologist, because not everyone can endure the intolerable pain, especially at the advanced stages.
Prevention of an attack with goutOf course, in order not to bring to attacks, in addition to contacting a doctor, you must follow all the instructions of a specialist. But there are some rules that should be observed in order to avoid the next attack, especially in cases when a person is predisposed to gout or leads an incompletely healthy lifestyle:
- adhere to a stable weight - gout loves lush people;
- alcohol and diuretics are dangerous( help the gout detain salt);
- water is a guarantee of health;
- comfortable shoes;
- diet is an effective treatment.
It should be remembered that the reason for acquired gout is overweight, and, by the way, to calm the attack is not so easy for fat people. They are 70% more than people with normal weight, experience very long seizures. And if a person with a normal physique can stop an attack in a few days, then the total time person needs three times more. To the formation of uric acid lead to debilitating diets, when a person, having a weight of 130 kg, sharply grows thin to 80 kg. This is harmful not only for the whole body, but in particular for cartilaginous articular tissues.
Not only during the attack, but also in general with gout it is impossible to drink alcohol and diuretics. They can provoke an attack even in a healthy person. These substances - a barrier for the normal removal of salts from the body.
Inconvenient low-quality footwear is a stimulant for the formation of a gout attack, as it irritates the gout-affected area of the thumb. A person who already has a disease, it is better to buy orthopedic shoes.Observing a diet, any person can not only prevent an attack, but also not get sick with such an insidious disease as gout. The main products that can not be eaten contain urea( seafood and meat products).
In order not to become a hostage of a gout attack, it is necessary to thoroughly study the symptoms and causes of the disease. Only in this case a person will protect himself from illness and from terrible painful sensations. After all, it is always better to prevent or cure the disease at an early stage, so as not to rush into questions in the future: how to relieve the pain and what to do in case of an attack?
It is important to know where the gout comes from, what is characteristic of gout, to protect yourself from seizures and not undergo treatment. Malnutrition and excessive consumption of alcohol, diuretics - this is the direct route to a fast and painful attack, that is, to gout. In some cases, the disease can be transmitted at the gene level, but if you adhere to a diet, you can spend your whole life without painful attacks.
Provocative attacks can be a nervous overexertion or prolonged depression.
How does an attack occur?
The joint is destroyed by the action of urate salts
The symptoms of gout are manifested by attacks that are often confused with pain from bruising or sprain. If you do not carry out treatment, then over time there will be more severe pain, redness, inflammation, a feeling of heat in the place of gout( which, by the way, in no case can not be heated), hard neoplasms on the affected joints.
The aggravation can be protracted and last more than 7 days. How is it removed? With such symptoms, you should always contact a rheumatologist, because neglected gout can cause destruction of the joint tissue and the joint itself. And why should I suffer infernal pain when the treatment of gout is available to everyone and passes without special difficulties?
There is often a misconception that the level of uric acid can be controlled by drugs. Yes, it's true, but not during a gout attack.
What kind of diet should I follow in gout attacks?
Probably, to the person, especially during an acute attack, there is it would not be desirable absolutely because of a strong pain. Still need to saturate the body with substances that will help to remove uric acid quickly and effectively. This will help greatly reduce the time of pain. Diet is an important and main method in the fight against gout and when it is prevented. Many people who have the disease know how to relieve a gout attack with the help of mineral water. Mineral water, especially alkaline, as already mentioned above about freshly squeezed juices, quickly removes unnecessary purines from the blood, thereby purifying it. Then the pain with gout disappears.
To reduce the time of an attack and reduce it from 7 days to 2, you need to use, as soon as the pain begins, curative decoctions of chamomile( do baths).Chamomile is an excellent antiseptic, it is able to quickly and destructively affect the inflammatory process, since gout is an inflammatory disease. In addition, the decoction acts as a sedative. Brew as standard - 1 tbsp.l.for 0.5 liters of water. Decoction can be drunk, and in unlimited quantities. When there is an acute attack with gout, you can take a decoction of spruce cones to cleanse the joints.
Gout: treatment with medicines. Attack of gout
Gout occurs when violating purine metabolism in the human body. At the same time, an overestimate concentration of uric acid is found in the blood, and articular and / or periarticular tissues, kidneys and other organs suffer from urate deposits, sodium urate salts.
Causes of gout
Excess uric acid is produced by increased synthesis of endogenous purines, reduced urate excretion, or a combination of these processes. Recognize the symptoms of primary and secondary disease. The latter case obliges to pay attention to medicines taken by a person who was struck by gout. The causes of the disease require detailed consideration.
Gout provoked by hyperproduction of uric acid
An excess of purine bases and nucleosides is the main reason for the high concentration of uric acid. With unlimited consumption of food, in an abundance of substrates, forming purines, the hyperproduction of acid naturally occurs.
The symptomatology of secondary hyperproduction causes an excessively high cell disintegration occurring against a background of certain diseases( for example, a hemorrhagistosis, paraproteinemia, hemolysis, alcoholism, anticancer chemotherapy becomes a provocateur).Hyperuricemia often accompanies psoriasis. However, the clinical pathology of gout in these cases develops infrequently.
Gout caused by decreased excretion of uric acid
In 90% of people who have a gout disease, reduced acid extraction is noted. The kidneys, intestines and skin integuments leave the uric acid. With reduced excretion of urate by the kidneys, they accumulate in excess in the body and crystallize. Tiny crystals are deposited in the joints, leading to inflammation and pain. A kidney in this case affects urate jade.
This phenomenon is sometimes caused by diuretics, alcohol, acetylsalicylic acid, aminophylline, caffeine, diazepam, dimedrol, L-dopa, dopamine, B12 and C vitamins in small dosages. Lead leads to epidemic outbreaks. Lead gout is caused by paints, surrogate alcohol and other sources containing heavy metal.
Symptoms of gout: signs of attacks
The onset of symptoms is associated with the deposition of salts formed by uric acid. Crystals settle in the joints and kidneys. The first attack of gout usually does not occur before the age of thirty. It is experienced more often by patients who have reached 40-60 years.
The attack is accompanied by swelling and redness of the joint, acute soreness. Without treatment, it does not go on for several days or even weeks. Evening and night - the main time of occurrence of fleeting seizures.
An attack of gout is provoked with abundant meat food, alcoholic beverages, individual varieties of fish, coffee and other products enriched with purine bases. The disease in most cases affects the big toe, although the defeat of other joints is not excluded. Its bright symptom is acute arthritis, which unfavorably proceeds with pathologies of the kidneys.
Arthritis is an acute form of gout. It is expressed in a sudden onset gouty attack - a painful inflammation of the joint. With gouty arthritis, urate crystals fall out of the tissues into the joint cavity, causing inflammation. Gouty attacks occur, usually in the middle of the night.
Provoked by alcohol, trauma, physical overload, surgical operations, a number of gout medications. Treatment with medicines allows you to relieve seizures and relieve the condition. When attacking the joint and adjacent tissues swell, the skin in the place of the hearth blushes, the pain increases.
Acute arthritis attacks disappear within a few days( sometimes weeks), even if they are not treated. Repeated attack returns after six months or a year. Although periods of calm sometimes last up to 10-20 years. In people who are not puzzled by treatment, the frequency of seizures increases, several joints are involved in them at the same time. The duration of attacks increases, they become more pronounced.
The chronic course of the disease is accompanied by the characteristic signs:
- chronic arthritis;
- a cluster of urate crystals;
- with kidney damage.
Prolonged gout accompanies all symptoms simultaneously. Chronic arthritis affects those who survived the secondary form of the disease, untimely or inadequately treated.
In affected kidneys there are 3 types of changes:
- Renal tissues are overgrown with urate crystals. They have a weak inflammatory reaction.
- Intra-urinary tracts of urine outflow are clogged with urate crystals.
- In the urinary tract formed uric acid stones.
The variations are combined in various variations, resulting in the clinical term "gouty kidney."Stones, lain in the urinary tract, are asymptomatic or show signs of urolithiasis.
Methods of treatment
The task of treatment is to prevent gouty attacks and to remove acute arthritis. Support for adequate drinking regimen, dumping excess weight, diet therapy, reducing medications that increase hyperuricemia, excluding alcohol prevents gout. Treatment with medications can eliminate inflammation and pain.
Water reduces the concentration of urates, preventing them from falling into crystals that settle in tissues and organs. In addition, it promotes their leaching and withdrawal from the body. Alcohol is capable of a diuretic effect. In large doses, it dehydrates the body, promoting the crystallization of salts, triggering gouty attacks. In addition, it slows the excretion of urates from the body, giving them the opportunity to be deposited in the joints.
Weight loss helps reduce the risk of recurrent gouty attacks. The diet should reduce fat and reduce calories. The diet is combined with regular aerobic exercises.
The main aspects of gout control are the treatment of pain-relieving drugs that eliminate inflammatory reactions that control an impaired metabolism leading to hyperuricemia. Anesthesia is carried out with acetaminophen( Tylenol) or other more powerful analgesics.
Of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, indomethacin is recommended. True, it is not suitable for patients with an allergy to aspirin and patients with polyps in the nose. Colchicine is suitable for the removal of a gouty attack.
Patients' reviews focus on the fact that oral medication results in serious side effects associated with the frequency of its administration( once an hour or two hours, until the soreness significantly recedes or unwanted reactions appear).
Corticosteroids, belonging to powerful anti-inflammatory agents, relieve acute attacks. To avoid severe long-term side effects, they are prescribed short courses. They are prescribed to patients who have concomitant ailments of the liver and kidneys.
Prolonged periods patients take drugs that reduce the concentration of uric acid in the blood. They promote the dissolution of heavy tofusnyh deposits, prevent the formation of stone and the development of pathologies in the kidneys. Thanks to them, gout does not occur again. Treatment with medicines from this category either increases the excretion of urates, or reduces their synthesis from purines of food.
These drugs can worsen gouty attacks, so their reception begins after the fading of the inflammatory process. If they were treated before the attack, the course is not interrupted, and try to adjust the dosage( especially after its extinction).Since many patients with a high level of uric acid are not prone to stone formation in the kidneys and are not burdened with gout, treatment with medicines that affect the level of urate is purely individual.
Using probenecid and sulfinpyrazone, uric acid excretion is enhanced. These drugs are not suitable for treating people with urolithiasis. They sometimes provoke the formation of concrements. Abundant drink, combined with their reception, promotes accelerated passage of acid through the urinary system and prevents the formation of conglomerates.
Due to allopurinol prevent the synthesis of uric acid. They block the metabolic conversion of purine bases to an acid. It is cautiously prescribed because of the risk of getting side effects to those who have weakened kidney function.
Using home remedies
Home treatment methods help to relieve the symptoms of gout, the current acute. The inflamed joint is lifted upward, providing him with peace. Soreness is reduced by applying ice. Exclude the use of aspirin-containing drugs( they inhibit the excretion of uric acid).
Treated with medicinal plants: dog rose and sea buckthorn, cranberries and strawberries, rowan and blueberries, barberry and St. John's wort, birch and linden, chicory and other herbs. Use homeopathic remedies.
Diet therapy for gout
Compliance with the diet provides a stable remission. Ideally, they achieve complete elimination of products enriched with purines. If an absolute exception is not possible, the maximum restriction on their consumption is introduced. Try to balance the amount of fat and drink plenty.
In abundance are saturated with purines anchovies, sardines, goose, chicken and any fatty meat, by-products, meat extracts, beans and dry wine. When diagnosing gout, tomatoes are eaten in moderation.
In tomatoes full of organic acids. Purines in them are not so much, as, for example, in meat. Therefore, nutritionists who are tormented by gout, do not prohibit tomatoes. On the contrary, they believe that a reasonable amount of tomatoes and dishes from them is beneficial to such patients.
Treatment of gout on the legs - ways to treat gout and getting rid of gout at home - Healthy age
Criteria for diagnosing gout
Symptoms of the disease
In 2000, WHO adopted diagnostic criteria that made it possible to verifiably verify the diagnosis of "Gout"".Each clinician of the therapeutic profile must follow the scheme adopted in this document in his diagnosis.
The first diagnostic sign is the detection of urates in the puncture of the intra-articular fluid. This sign is revealed by performing a puncture of the joint cavity, which in itself is a very painful procedure.
The second sign, pathognomonic and mandatory for the diagnosis of "gout" is the presence of tofusi - accumulations of urates in soft tissues. This symptom, as a rule, is detected with a simple clinical examination by an experienced doctor and does not require additional instrumental diagnostic methods.
The third prerequisite for a verified diagnosis of "gout" is the presence of at least half of the following symptoms:
more than 1 case of an exacerbation of gout in history;
- the most pronounced inflammation of the joint in the first day of the disease;
- defeat only one joint, without involvement in the process of neighboring;
- redness of the skin above the affected joint;
- swelling or acute pain most often localized in the I metatarsal joint on the foot;
- increase in urate concentration in urine;
- one-sided lesion of the joints of the foot;
- unilateral lesion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint;
- asymmetric swelling above the affected joint;
- detection of subcortical cysts on radiographs;
- does not reveal flora in the joint fluid.
Despite a large number of the above symptoms, the greatest diagnostic value still have: the identification of urates in the synovial fluid, gouty attacks in the history and the detection of tofusov. As a rule, these three manifestations are sufficient to conclude that this patient is ill with gout.
As can be seen from the above described clinical picture, the most characteristic for gout is the damage to the joints on the legs, namely the I-flat-phalanx joint.
Treatment of gout
Given the poly-physiology and variety of gout manifestations, the approach to its treatment should also be complex, taking into account all the pathological processes that develop with this disease.
In connection with this, the following mandatory directions are singled out in the treatment of gout:
Treatment of gout
Curbing a pain attack( with exacerbation of gout, or, so-called "gouty attack");
- Achieving a stable remission and preventing new exacerbations of the disease;
- Recurrence of complications of the disease associated with the deposition of urate in various organs and tissues;
- Treatment of comorbidities aggravating the course of gout( treatment of obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension)
- Prevention of development of nephrolithiasis due to impaired urate metabolism.
Treatment of manifestations of acute gout with lesions of the Iplusne-phalangeal foot of the foot
Treatment of acute gouty attack, or "gouty attack" has a number of features and it is aimed mainly at arresting the pain syndrome, removal of the inflammatory process in the joint( most often Iom metatarsus phalanxon the foot) and improvement of the general condition of the patient.
In gouty arthritis, colchicine is most often used as an anti-inflammatory drug. This is a proven tool for years that has proven effective in stopping a gout attack.
Colchicine is administered at a dose of 0.5 mg every hour or 1 mg every 2 hours until the symptoms of gout exacerbation subsided. The maximum daily dose of the drug is 6 mg.
In the absence of the effect of the introduction of an hourly total dose of 6 mg, colchicine is canceled and proceeds to the introduction of a drug more powerful in its effect drugs. However, most often this scheme of treatment is effective and brings relief, according to different data, from 75 to 80% of patients.
An unpleasant side effect from the use of this drug are unpleasant manifestations of the gastrointestinal tract( nausea, vomiting, diarrhea).Often the severity of these adverse reactions reaches such a strength that it goes one level with the actual manifestations of gout itself and require separate treatment.
Colchicine can be administered intravenously and orally. With intravenous administration of colchicine, nurses should be extremely cautious, because of non-compliance with the technique of performing colchicine injection, it can enter neighboring vessels and cause severe pain at the site of injection, and subsequently - necrosis. Another unpleasant side effect of colchicine is the development of allopecia, in other words, hair loss, baldness. In high doses colchicine can cause depression of the respiratory center and even death, so doctors should be extremely cautious in prescribing this drug.
Other anti-inflammatory drugs that have shown a good result in stopping gouty attacks are: fenoprofen, indomethacin.
Indomethacin is prescribed at the starting dose of 75 mg, after which the patient is administered an additional 50 mg of the drug every 6 hours before the symptoms subsided. After the attack managed to stop, the intervals in the administration of the drug are increased to 8 hours. Thus, the patient is administered indomethacin in a maintenance dose of 50 mg every 8 hours. Indomethacin can also quite often, as an adverse event, cause disturbances in the work of the gastrointestinal tract to reduce mood( up to the development of depression).
However, the toxicity of this drug is still significantly lower than colchicine, therefore indomethacin is the drug of choice for arresting an attack of gouty arthritis.
When colchicine and NSAID are ineffective, patients are shown intra-articular injections of glucocorticoids. In this case, drugs containing cranocorticosteroids may be prescribed for oral administration. In this case, you should also be extremely careful with dosages and do not overdo it.
How to treat gout at home
Many patients are supporters of having to treat manifestations of gout on their legs at home. There are a number of folk methods of treating gout. To one of the most effective ways to combat the manifestations of gout at home, one can attribute adherence to diet and the fight against obesity.
Diet for gout
Diet in the case of
The principle of nutrition for gout is that it is necessary to sharply limit the consumption of foods that increase the formation of urates in the body during their metabolism. These are products containing purines.
For the most part it is meat and fish. For this reason, a vegetarian diet is recommended for gout. With a sharp restriction of the amount of proteins consumed.
In addition, patients suffering from gout should severely limit the amount of alcohol consumed, as this dramatically increases the likelihood of exacerbation of the disease.
In addition, it should be noted that in recent years, a number of clinical studies have shown that weight loss has a beneficial effect on the development of remission and contributes to reducing episodes of exacerbations in gout.
Based on the foregoing, it can be concluded that it is extremely important for patients with gout to reconsider their lifestyle. It is not for nothing that gout has long been considered a disease of people prone to lush festivities, overeating and consuming a large amount of alcohol. And despite the fact that at the moment the role of hereditary factors in the formation of this pathology is proved, the values and such factors as healthy nutrition, moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages and spices, physical activity and a mobile way of life should not be diminished.
Folk remedies for the treatment of gout
Widely used to treat gout is also traditional medicine. This is a different kind of ointments, tinctures, decoctions, etc.
Ointments and their use
A. Ointment for the treatment of gout according to the old prescription
This ointment has long been widely used by the Slavs in order to treat gout at home. To prepare the ointment, take the butter and alcohol. Mix the ingredients in a 1: 1 ratio. Then evaporate the alcohol from the mixture - and the ointment is ready!
B. Treatment of gout with iodine
Another well-known folk method that allows treating gout at home is iodine-based compresses. In order to prepare a composition for compresses, mix 10 ml of iodine and 5 tablets of aspirin.
Remember! Before you start to treat gout at home, be sure to consult a doctor! Otherwise, such treatment is not only inefficient, but also dangerous! At the first manifestations of gout symptoms - go for treatment to an experienced doctor.
How to relieve a gout attack: calm the pain |I treat myself
- Useful food
How to relieve gout
This illness can be called ancient as the world, because the diagnosis of gout was first put in the fifth century by Hippocrates, and only then the definition firmly established in all medical textbooks of the world. People from time immemorial are looking for ways to relieve a gout attack, because there are a lot of patients suffering from this disease. In a certain period, gout was termed a disease of aristocrats, so it was believed that among the population of the Soviet Union, this disease is not there.
Gout therapy is devoted to a lot of scientific work, and at the same time, over the past three decades, no new drugs have been developed that heal this disease. In addition, there are no therapeutic recommendations that are unified, while taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient, genetically determined metabolic processes, as well as the type of diet and lifestyle.
How to determine if you have gout, not signs of another disease? Some patients complain that sometimes after a dense supper, supplemented with alcohol, they wake up at four or five in the morning, from the fact that in the big toe there is a sharp pain. Moreover, it is so strong that it is simply impossible to find a place that facilitates such a state. In this case, you can assume that you have a gout attack. In this situation, you should immediately "carry" a sick finger to the therapist, and it is better to show yourself to a specialist in rheumatology who will be provided with professional help.
How to soothe the pain
It is known that sometimes when referring to a surgeon the doctor diagnoses phlegmon or purulent arthritis, which requires an operation to remove pus. As a result, the incision is made, but there is no pus. After such an operation, it is possible to detect scarring in many patients who were not diagnosed with gout immediately. If the attack still hit you, you should be patient, wait for such a painful attack. How to remove an unexpected attack of gout, what should I do? It is important to remember that the duration of such attacks is not more than three days, therefore, you can use home methods.
Begin by ensuring that the joint is at rest, and then proceed to "wash out" the body of uric acid. In a day you will need to drink enough fluids, up to eight glasses. It can be water, or herbal teas, rose hips infusion. It is very good, in this case, to take cranberry juice without the addition of sugar.
If you can touch the joint, then attach the ice pack to the sore spot, hold it for ten minutes or longer, do not need it to stop chilling. After the soothing effect of the ice appears, apply cabbage leaves to the diseased finger.
You can also sew a bag, pour in it three hundred grams of salt, heat with an iron, attach to the diseased area. If the pain still does not calm down, use a specially prepared ointment. This will require half a cup of yogurt, one hundred grams of rye bread, and half a spoonful of soda. All components are mixed, the resulting mixture is applied to the aching finger.
Than gout is dangerous.
Often physicians call gout "delayed action".Statistics show that in recent years there have been more cases of gout. The basis of the disease is the disturbed metabolism and accumulation in the joints of salts of uric acid. This happens for many reasons. Basically, this is an unbalanced diet, frequent use of beer, champagne, and other drinks.
As is known, the main source of education in the body of uric acid are purines, they are contained in protein products. For example, in meat. If purines abundantly enter the body with food, the level of uric acid becomes higher. At the same time, alcohol aggravates the situation, since it slows the release of acid by the kidneys.
How is a gout attack removed, in what conditions does it occur more often? Attacks of gout are often suffered by fishermen and hunters, and first of all, it is caused by hypothermia of the feet, also influenced by a plentiful meal for the night, supplemented with alcohol. Suppose the body temperature has decreased by two degrees, so the uric acid circulating in the body crystallizes in the coolest zone.
Magnetic resonance imaging shows that the first attack of gout causes crystallization. In the coronary vessels, the aorta, and other tissues, tofusov - crystallites, hardly visible under the microscope, falls out.
It should be remembered that the inflammation of the finger on the leg, of course, will pass, but in other parts of the body there is a "delayed-action mine".The number of tofus continues to increase, gout becomes chronic. The ailment is a stepping stone to diabetes, atherosclerosis and other dangerous diseases.
With gout, even a slight violation of diet by the amount of alcohol consumed causes an exacerbation of the disease. How to relieve a gout attack, quickly help yourself? The insidiousness of the disease in the rapidity of the stage, with periodic seizures. Many are sure that if it has been easier and has passed, then there is nothing to worry about, it means everything is fine. But, it happens that very soon gout begins to host in the body.
This is a serious illness, but treatable. It's never too late to start therapy, unlike other systemic diseases. If you overcome yourself, and start to observe the malopurinovuyu diet, the tofus will begin to disappear, attacks will occur less often, then cease.
On the one hand, the problem is serious, but it is completely cured. The most important condition of treatment is the rejection of red wines, vodka, beer. Traditional medicine calls for a comprehensive impact. It is necessary to drink medicinal herbal infusions, take baths, exercise, and you can count on a positive result.
The strongest and most radical medicine is the root of the fighter, the infusion that treats rheumatism, relieves gout. One hundred grams of raw material is poured with a liter of vodka, and for three days put in a warm place. The tincture is used for grinding, when it acquires the color of brewed tea. For one rub use not more than a teaspoon of the remedy.
The product increases blood circulation, and if you need to treat joints on both legs, then one leg is rubbed in one day, and only the next day another is treated.
If the gout is painful, with tumors, then the tincture is rubbed before going to sleep for four weeks in a row. It is important to be persistent, and gout will retreat forever.
© 2015, I'm flying myself. All rights reserved.Warning! Consult your physician before using any traditional medicine.
How to treat gout at home - Onwomen.ru
One of the substances that is produced in the human body is uric acid. As a rule, it is easily removed by natural means. However, with a metabolic disorder, uric acid crystallizes, turning into urate salts, and deposited in the tissues of the body, hitting the muscles and joints. This disease, known since the Roman Empire, is called gout and is accompanied by swelling, fever and severe pain. It is quite difficult to completely get rid of gout, and it will take more than one month to cleanse the body of the accumulated uric acid .Nevertheless, with an attack of gout at home, you can significantly alleviate the suffering of the patient and restore his health, saving him from the acute symptoms of the disease.
Factors affecting the development of gout
As a rule, gout is a consequence of impaired renal function that is unable to effectively purify the body of uric acid. However, in some cases, doctors state that this body functions quite satisfactorily, and the problem lies in the fact that due to improper metabolism the body produces an increased amount of urate. Plus, the doctors were able to identify the relationship between gout and overweight. Therefore, people who are obese, belong to the first risk group .It is also worth noting that those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, abuse alcohol, meat dishes and seafood are often affected by gout.
Symptoms and clinical course of gout
Many people mistakenly believe that gout is one of the varieties of arthritis, since at the initial stage the symptoms of these two diseases are identical. The thing is that salts of urate, deposited in muscles and joints, are perceived by the body as a foreign body, which must be removed in any way. Therefore, in places where the urate accumulates, inflammatory processes begin that are accompanied by severe pain in the joint region. As a rule, gout affects the fingers and toes, elbows and knees. However, it is not uncommon for the site of a dislocation of urate salts to become the spine, hip bones and even ribs. Against the background of painful symptoms, often there are uncaused attacks of fear or melancholy, nausea and diarrhea, palpitations. All this indicates a strong intoxication of the body, which is not observed with arthritis.
Zones affected by gout are swollen during the day, and the tissues acquire a bluish tinge. In addition, the body can appear so-called tofusy - dense neoplasms in the form of balls in which salts of uric acid accumulate. To additional symptoms that are characteristic of gout, also include renal colic, chills or fever.
How to stop a gout attack at home?
To begin with, remember that people suffering from gout, during an attack, need to ensure complete rest .First of all, this concerns affected joints, which under no circumstances can not be subjected to physical exertion. Therefore, the attack of gout is best to wait in bed, where it will be necessary to spend from several days to 10-12 days depending on the course of the disease. In this case, swollen limbs should be kept in a slightly elevated position, placing a pillow under the arms and legs, and periodically lubricate the tumor with dimexide, which helps to remove swelling, and Vishnevsky ointment. Plus to everything. To alleviate the attack of gout is possible with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which include movalis, diclofenac and nimesulide. Choosing anesthetic drugs, it is worth paying attention to their composition. So, to use aspirin in this case is strictly prohibited, as it contains salicylic acid, which can only aggravate the situation. In addition, to cleanse the body of urates, you can resort to activated charcoal, which should be taken 3-4 tablets after each meal.
Special attention should be paid to the nutrition of the patient , whose daily diet should include fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as dairy products. In turn, it is best to refuse meat, fish, salty, smoked and sour dishes. Also, any animal fats that are to be replaced with vegetable oil are contraindicated. Help to cope with the attack of gout can fresh tomatoes, dried rye bread and a plentiful warm drink.
Traditional methods of treating gout
Since time immemorial, pain with gout in Russia was removed with fresh fish, which should be separated from the bones, and put the fillet at bedtime to the damaged joints, wrap the wrap with cellophane and a dense warm cloth. In the morning, a fish that perfectly removes inflammation and pulls uric acid out of the joints should be discarded, and the damaged areas of the body should be rinsed with warm running water. It is believed that if you use this method for several days in a row, you can easily get rid of gout without medications.
Disintegrating urate from the body during an attack of gout is also helped by the decoctions of such plants as , such as chamomile, elder, lilac leaves and birch buds. Take such decoctions should be after a meal in a warm form, replacing them with coffee and tea. If desired, a little honey can be added to the broth, which has excellent anti-inflammatory properties.
In order to relieve acute pain symptoms, at home it is also necessary to prepare an ointment for which you will need butter and medical alcohol. Ingredients should be taken in equal parts, and the oil must be pre-melted and mixed with alcohol, and then ignite the resulting mass. When the alcohol is completely burned, the ointment should be cooled and used to treat the affected joints twice a day, in the morning and in the evening, rubbing the product with light massaging movements. Before bedtime, sweaty areas of the body are also well lubricated with iodine, after which you should wrap them with a warm scarf or woolen shawl.
Gout. How to relieve pain with gout |Folk recipes of health
Good afternoon, dear readers!
Why does gout occur?
In the case of a metabolic disorder that caused an increase in the level of uric acid in the blood, the process of deposition of urate( salts) in the tissues, mostly in the bone, is activated, which leads to a chronic disease: gout. Another disease is called a "tuberous leg," as uric acid crystals most often deform the joints of the toes: painful cones grow. Uric acid salts can accumulate in other places, forming bumps( cones): in the region of the elbow, hands, feet, and also salts of uric acid can fall out in the kidneys and other organs and tissues. With the accumulation of urates in the joints, an inflammatory process occurs, which is the cause of the painful attacks in them. For treatment, and for to relieve pain with gout , use folk recipes.
Recipes: the less pain for gout, the treatment of gout.
Painkillers for gout:
1) Pour half a liter of vodka into two st.lozhki mullein scepter-like flowers, ten to fifteen days, insist in the dark, strain and rub the sore spots.
2) Take 100 grams of wheat, chop into flour, add a ton of salt and a batch of brewer's yeast, mix, add a little water to make it as a dough. The received weight put on a napkin and wrap a sick joint, warm. Change the bandage every two hours until the pain subsides, then wash the problem area with warm water.
3) Take 100 grams of laurel leaves, st.lozhku juniper, a kilogram of melted goose or badger fat. Needles juniper and laurel leaves chop, melt the fat and mix everything. Lubricate this ointment with painful joints, top with cellophane, warm it.
4) During the mushroom season collect the fly agarics, tightly push them into the jar, close the lid and dig for a month in the ground. In a month dig it out, what you see will not be pleasant, and the smell is still one, but it's a very good tool for joints. Do compresses or rub in sore spots.
5) Saturate the cotton fabric with fir oil, apply a thin layer of salt and side, where the salt, wrap the joint and leave overnight, wash it off in the morning. Do this for five days, then five days off.
For the treatment of gout:
1) Grind the three large cleansed garlic heads and four onion heads separately until smooth, add 0.5 kg of crushed cranberries, mix again, insist in a cool dark place for a day, then addkilogram of honey. Take fifteen minutes before meals on ch.lozhke three times a day.
2) Pour 250 ml of boiling water 25 grams of elderberry black, close the lid with a lid, insist forty minutes, strain. Take infusion of 100 ml fifteen minutes before eating.
3) Take two st.lozhki flowers linden heart-shaped, the fruit of hawthorn blood-red, blossoms blue-head;five tablespoons thyme creeping, herb oregano;four st.lozhki hip fruit, chop, mix. Two st.lozhki mixture pour a liter of boiling water, let it brew well, strain after cooling. Drink a glass like tea three to four times a day.
4) Pour vermified cedar nuts along with the shell to cover the nuts for five to six centimeters, insist seven days, strain. Take st.lozhke three times a day for 1.5-2 months.
5) This method of treating gout and arthritis is used in a Japanese clinic: pour very cold water into one container, and in the other place wheat, oats, millet, rye( each cereal grains) and pour boiling water to make them slightly steamy. During the procedure, the grains must be warm, preferably hot( so that the body tolerates).Dip the sick hand for a few seconds in cold water and immediately into another container, start kneading the grains and do so until the grains are warm, then wrap your hand in woolen cloth to warm up the joints properly. Treatment is long - 2-3 months. If you have enough patience, this procedure will not only help the to relieve the pain with gout , but also completely get rid of it.