Osteoarthritis of the joints of the fingers

Treatment of arthrosis of the fingers

The patient

A painful hand is deformed due to depletion of connective cartilaginous tissue

Arthrosis of the fingers is commonly called a purely female disease. This stereotype has developed in public opinion is not unfounded. As soon as a woman turns 40, the risk of starting arthrosis of the phalanx of fingers of fingers increases for her.

There is a saying that it is the hands that give the age of the fair sex. This is indeed so. Not only the skin, but also the joints of the fingers have a property to change with time. Osteoarthritis is chronic. The disease of the joints of the fingers, alas, is not completely cured. But there is an opportunity to slow down, stop the changes in the fingers of the hands, provided that the treatment of the disease is started on time.


Manifestations and causes of the disease

Cartilage of the joints of the fingers is very vulnerable. As soon as the synthesis of the cellular substance is broken in the joints, destructive changes in the tissues begin. The disease carries with it not only the modification of the joints of the hands, but also their stiffness, which leads to disability. Change of any joint does not pass without a trace. Osteoarthritis of the joints of the fingers affects the muscles. In parallel, a person's bones also change. They thicken, gradually on the bone tissue begin to appear outgrowths, further complicating the movement of the fingers.

The disease is closely related to the inflammatory processes in the joint and muscle tissues. Pain of the joints of the fingers is one of the recognizable signs of arthrosis. The causes of the ailment are not only in the age-related changes in the body. Weakened immunity affects both health in general and the condition of each finger separately. If a person has often had an infectious respiratory disease, the risk of disrupting the functioning of the joints of his hands increases. The only effective way to avoid an ailment is prevention from early childhood. Arthrosis phalanx of fingers refers to the category of diseases, predisposition to which is inherited, and this must always be remembered.

Elderly people are primarily prone to disease

The cause of the ailment may be:

  • weakened immunity;
  • old age;
  • bruised injuries experienced in the past;
  • frequent respiratory infections;
  • in women - the period of menopause;
  • genetic disorders that caused defective joint development;
  • physical work associated with the load on the fingers and hands;
  • irradiation;
  • thyroid disease;
  • diabetes;
  • negative impact of the environment;
  • Allergies;
  • heredity;
  • impaired metabolism in the body;
  • infectious diseases;
  • gout.

One of the main causes of damage to the joint tissues of the hands are malnutrition and metabolic disorders. It is remarkable that against the background of inflammatory diseases the first symptoms of arthrosis are often invisible. If the hands are constantly exposed to cold, a person can develop various arthrosis.

If you pay attention to the photos of the hands of elderly people who have done hard work, the signs of arthrosis will be clearly visible. Bruises or bruises of the hands years later can remind themselves of arthrosis of the fingers.


Spread of the disease to other joints

Hand diseases are usually classified by the localization of destructive changes in the joints. The disease most often affects several joints. The most common in women after 40 years of age is arthritis of the thumb. If aching pain is felt in the joints of the hands, this is an alarming signal. The disease usually affects the metacarpophalangeal region. If the finger of the hand is impaired motor function, it is quite possible that this is one of the symptoms of arthrosis.

Arthrosis of the thumb carries yet another name - rizartroz. This disease often gives an unreasonable redness in the area of ​​the affected joint. Edema and an unpleasant crunch of joints are also his symptoms. Patients who have rizartroz, sometimes complain of burning in the area where the destruction of the joint tissue.

Nodules on the fingers indicate inflammation in the joints of the hand

Formed nodules on the fingers

Risartrosis is often associated with Geberden's nodules. These are specific neoplasms, which are similar to nodules or small granules. They really are symptoms of arthrosis of the fingers. The first time the nodules are soft, but then harden.

If you look at the photo of a finger, affected by the ailment, the nodules are visually conspicuous. In some cases, they burst, and then some patients mistakenly believe that their joints are healthy again. When Geberden's nodules eventually become firm, when the finger of the hand on which they are placed is felt, pain is felt.

A person who has rizartrose should know that joint diseases are able to progress quickly, hitting more and more joints. If destructive changes have begun in one joint, as they develop, they will seize new areas. The narrowing of the joint gap accompanies all kinds of diseases.

The sooner the treatment of arthrosis begins, the easier it is to stop all negative processes. In this case, a lot depends on the stage at which the disease is located and what effective measures can still be applied for its conservation.


How to prevent the third stage of

It is believed that the arthrosis of the fingers on the hands in its development is 3 stages. Each of them has certain specific symptoms and needs its own treatment. At the first stage, few patients go to a medical facility for help, despite the fact that many symptoms of arthrosis are already pronounced.

Pain in the hands should alert

If the hands hurt at rest and at night, and while performing physical work, they are even more troubling. But the mobility of the hands is not broken, the person is able to do housework, therefore he is not in a hurry to see a doctor. But it was during this period that treatment with anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy and physiotherapy could effectively inhibit the development of the disease.

Symptoms of the second stage of arthrosis of the fingers are not only an increase in pain and an increase in the joints in volume, but also dynamically developing muscle atrophy, which is no less dangerous than changes in the joint and periarticular tissues. At the second stage, the treatment is based on the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. Therapeutic gymnastics and diets are mandatory for a person if he is trying to save the mobility of his hands. Treatment with oxygen has recently become increasingly widespread in the fight against various forms of arthrosis. The essence of it is that damaged articular bags are saturated with oxygen, which contributes to the restoration of tissues.

With the started form of arthrosis, the bone tissue becomes denser with time, then on it appear growths, deforming joints. They greatly interfere with the mobility of the joints, causing inflammation. The number of movements decreases due to pain, which leads to subsequent muscle atrophy.

Effective treatment of arthrosis in 3 stages, when muscles are atrophied, movements are constrained and joints lost their mobility, requires surgical intervention. But the operation is not allowed in all cases. To relieve a person of painful attacks, you have to use narcotic analgesics and opioids. Risk of fracture of fingers in the third stage of the development of the disease is significantly increased. At this time, the fingers become completely still.

To avoid negative consequences, it is necessary to consult a doctor at the earliest signs of arthrosis without delay. We must be prepared for the fact that we will have to fight for the health of our hands. The first step along this path will be a complete refusal of alcohol, which is one of the most common causes of the dynamic development of arthrosis and other joint diseases.

MoiSustav.ru

How to treat arthrosis of the fingers?

how to treat arthrosis of fingers

With age, every woman's organism undergoes irreversible changes and a sharp hormonal reorganization, which affects the condition of the joints. Therefore, many representatives of the fair sex suffer from arthrosis of the fingers, which is a chronic disease that causes deformity and deterioration of the functionality of the joints. If therapy is not started on time, pathology can lead not only to appreciable aesthetic defects, but also to a significant limitation of mobility.

Treatment of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers

The main task of drug exposure is to stop the degenerative changes in the cartilage as soon as possible, as well as restore its functions. But before treating arthrosis of the fingers, it is necessary to conduct symptomatic therapy aimed at the removal of pain and inflammation. For this, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used:

  • Meloxicam;
  • Diclofenac;
  • Ibuprofen;
  • Orthophene;
  • Ketanov;
  • Nimesulide;
  • Ketorolac.

Pain medication can be used in the form of tablets, injections and topical preparations( ointment, gel, solution).

After relief of pain and stopping of inflammatory processes, the following treatment regimen is prescribed:

  1. Reception of preparations for restoration of cartilage and synovial fluid production - Chondroxide, Glucosamine.
  2. Attending physiotherapy sessions - electrophoresis, laser, shock wave and electromagnetic action, ozocerite baths, paraffin baths.
  3. Perform a gentle percussive massage to improve blood circulation and nutrition of the joint.
  4. Visiting exercise and special gymnastics. Some simple exercises can be done at home - to squeeze, unclench kulaks, picking rosary.
  5. Compliance with the prescribed diet. The diet should include bone broths, berries, dairy products, rye bread, sea fish, fresh vegetables, natural birch sap.

Treatment of rizartrose or arthrosis of the thumb

In the early stages of the pathology in question, all the techniques described in the previous section are effective enough. In addition, when rizartroze is recommended:

  • balneotherapy;
  • clay treatment;
  • apitherapy;
  • hirudotherapy.

Arthrosis of the thumb in the 3-4 stages of progression involves more serious measures - intra-articular injections of glucocorticosteroid hormones, hyaluronic acid.

If the proposed treatments have not been effective, surgical intervention is prescribed:

  • arthrodesis;
  • plastic joint;
  • Thumb arthroplasty;
  • arthroscopy.

Treatment of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers of the hands folk remedies

Recipes of alternative medicine are recommended only as an auxiliary symptomatic therapy. They well relieve the signs of the disease, but have a weak therapeutic effect.

For the relief of pain, swelling and inflammation in the joints, warm baths with decoction of pine or spruce needles help. It is enough to hold your hands in such a solution 15-25 minutes before bedtime to ease the condition.

Similar to the action of lotions from the leaves of cabbage.

arthrosis of the fingers You can wrap each diseased joint with a whole sheet, or finely grate the product, applying a gruel in the form of a compress.

Ointment from arthrosis of the fingers:

  1. Carefully mix the mustard powder - 100 g and about 200 g of fine sea salt.
  2. Dilute the dry mixture with 30-40 ml of purified kerosene.
  3. Stir ingredients until smooth.
  4. Rub the obtained ointment into each damaged joint before going to bed.
  5. It is recommended to continue treatment no more than 14 days.

womanadvice.ru

Osteoarthrosis of the fingers how to treat

Osteoarthritis of the fingers

Osteoarthritis of the fingers

Osteoarthritis, from the category of those diseases that, in the absence of timely and proper treatment, can lead to a restriction of the ability to move. The course of the disease is characterized by constant exacerbations. At its core, arthrosis of the fingers is a dystrophic disease that has a degenerative effect on the interphalangeal joints. The result of the destruction is manifested in violations of the functionality of the hands, it can be spindle-shaped deformation and nodular.

The result of arthrosis of the hands

The result of arthrosis of the hands

Because the process of division of the intercellular substance is disturbed, then subsequently the tissues that are between the joints crack and dry up.

Clinical Features of Arthrosis Disease

Clinical features of arthrosis

Clinical features of arthrosis

This disease is deservedly called deforming osteoarthritis. And all because when the late stage of development of arthrosis sets in, not only the articular cartilage deforms, but also what adjoins it, that is, the bones. Basically, it attacks the segment of the fingers of the limbs, as a result, on the surface of the bone, thickenings are formed. Such manifestations are called the "Heberden bundle".The thumb of the hand is much less likely to be affected than others.

When arthrosis starts, which is extremely dangerous, bone tissue becomes denser, and outgrowths are formed on it, which have a deforming effect on the joints. These very growths are to blame for further inflammation. To avoid unbearable pain, a person with arthrosis, tries to move his fingers as little as possible, because it is difficult and painful. When the muscles begin to atrophy due to inaction, the joints undergo such changes, which can not be corrected.

Arthrosis of brushes: causes of

The cause of arthrosis

The cause of arthrosis

The most important and the first reason, according to scientists, are the age-related changes in the structure of the joint. A spinning flywheel of this whole process, which has a pathological nature, again, in the opinion of scientific researchers, excessive functional loads. There are many professions that oblige people to perform a lot of finger manipulation( programmer, teacher, dentist).And all because cartilaginous tissue has a property to wear out, as a result of which arthrosis of small joints arises.

There are still many factors that, as practice shows, can provoke arthrosis, but are not the direct root cause of the disease. It can be an old age or a period of menopause in women. Weakened immunity, experienced hand injuries, respiratory infections, which are often carried by the body, are also considered causes of arthrosis. It is likely that there is some relation to the disease: irradiation;vibration and cold;allergic processes;metabolic disorders or heredity.

Symptoms of

Each sign of arthrosis characterizes a particular stage of the disease. Thus, in the first stage you will hear a crunch, while moving your fingers. Frequent pains in joints will begin to occur, especially when physical activity is performed, with time they become more intense. Seals that will form, will begin to appear outside the palms. Bright signs of arthrosis are swelling and swelling of the periarticular tissues.

The second stage is complicated by the fact that the pains become regular and much stronger. The toes are very stiff, and the lesions are reddened and heated. Those places that swelled at the first stage, now increase in size. A muscular atrophy of the finger that is inflamed is seen.

The most extreme and severe stage of the disease, this is the third. At this stage, there is a strong curvature, up to the change in the size of the fingers. In places where there were densities and swelling, Heberden or Bushard's nodules were formed. The difference is that the first, located on okolonogtevyh joints, and the second - on the middle joints of the fingers. Explicit deformation of articular surfaces and even bones makes the movement simply impossible.

All this is due to the fact that amortization is lost, and on the bones that are located near the joints spurs form. If you let the disease into its own right, it will lead to ankylosis, complete inactivity of the joint.

How and how to treat

How to treat arthrosis of the fingers

How to treat arthrosis of the fingers

All begins with the diagnosis, after which the doctor prescribes a comprehensive treatment. All actions should be directed to the regeneration of cartilage tissue, increased microcirculation in the blood vessels. It will be necessary to improve nutrition, more accurately its quality, to remove pain effects and swelling. Everyone should understand that the answer to the question "arthrosis of fingers as a treat" can not be given in a few words, because there is no such miracle pill that could solve all the problems. All this can last for several months, depending on the complexity of the situation.

There are several ways to treat a complex. Namely, by a medicamentous method, physiotherapy, and also observing a diet and performing therapeutic gymnastics. Folk methods and treatment can also be useful through massage. A decent result can be achieved using each of the methods in combination with another. If you hit on all fronts, the disease can not stand.

So, a little bit about the

tabletsDrug method

Drug method

All medications that are prescribed to the patient will cope well with the manifestation of severe soreness. After all, the most unpleasant symptom of arthrosis, which is difficult to fight and endure is pain. It does not stand in one place and grows, not allowing a person to fully exist. In order to remove pain, analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs, myorelexants, glucocorticoids and steroid medicines are used.

Next come chondroprotective medicines. These are exactly those medicines that can cure directly the source of arthrosis of the fingers. In the main role is interarticular cartilaginous tissue, which for a number of reasons can be destroyed. The composition of chondroprotective drugs is almost identical with the structure of the articular cartilage. For this reason, only it is capable of producing new cells. But they need to have time to begin treatment in the second stage of the progression of arthrosis, if you are late with it, everything will be in vain.

Chondroprotectors

Chondroprotectors

Physiotherapy as a remedy for chronic joint disease

Special methods and tools have been developed for this: shockwave, magnetic, laser and sound therapy, as well as water procedures and "cold" procedures. In combination with medicines, physiotherapy techniques will help normalize all metabolic processes in the body, which will ensure the muscles stay in tonus, and cartilage tissue nutrition, in addition, help strengthen the joints.

If the possibility of destruction of the articular part of the fingers is necessary to adhere to a special diet. The diet should include products with a full vitamin and mineral complex. If you find a good and professional manual specialist, then it is even possible to get rid of some deformations of the phalanx. Massaging affected joints, can bring you closer to winning over the disease.

In order for the amplitude of the movements of the distal phalanges to be greater, namely not to let the joints become stiff in the wrong position, a lot of gymnastic exercises of the therapeutic action for the hands were developed. But if there is inflammation, swelling, or severe pain, then do not exercise these exercises.

It has been proven by science that combining various methods of treating arthrosis and combining them with the use of medications, as well as adherence to the orthopedic regimen( most importantly, do not overload the joints) can lead to good results in the fight against chronic disease.

Video - Arthrosis of the fingers how to treat

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Osteoarthritis of the fingers: treatment and massage

Article content:

  • Treatment of

Women who have reached the age of 45 years more than all other people risk getting a diagnosis of arthrosis of the fingers. The lesion can be engulfed, as a separate joint, more often by the distal interphalangeal, and by all the joints of the fingers on the arm.

There are a lot of reasons for developing arthrosis of the joints of the fingers. Often they are associated with professional activities that require heavy loads on the hand, but can also be the result of finger injuries, exposure to X-rays, the influence of low temperatures.

Symptoms of

For whatever reasons arthrosis of the fingers arises, the symptoms of the disease are the same. At first, there is a tedious, aching pain, intensifying at night. The muscles of the fingers feel tension. Periodically, in the area of ​​the joints there are small swelling. At this stage of development of arthrosis of the fingers does not hamper the movements of the hands, the joints continue to perform their functions.

The next stage of the disease is accompanied by a permanent joint pain, which, with the slightest load on them, increases dramatically. The motor activity of the fingers is difficult, a characteristic crunch often occurs during movement. Atrophy becomes noticeable, at times it extends to the muscles of the entire hand. One of the bright signs, confirming arthrosis of the fingers, is an increase in the volume of the joints. This is due to the growth of bones and the formation of growths. Depending on the location, these growths are called either Nodules of Hyberden, or knots of Bouchard. Their presence often indicates that rizartroz - arthrosis of the thumb develops. At the next stage, arthrosis of the phalanges of the fingers is characterized by a significant restriction of mobility, not only because of the growths in the joints, but also due to the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue. Deforming arthrosis of the fingers can be accompanied by frequent fractures in the area of ​​the hand. Puffiness, redness of the covers are also the companions of the disease. They clearly demonstrate the signs that confirm the arthrosis of the fingers of the photo.

How fast the disease goes through all the stages depends on which hand is suffering. If the dominant one( for the right-handers - the right one, for the left-handers - the left one), then the process proceeds quickly enough. Doctors say that there is often arthrosis of the thumb, regardless of whether it is right or not.

Treatment of

As with any other disease, it is very important at what stage the arthrosis of the fingers is captured, it depends on what treatment will be.

Massage

Different forms of massage are often used as a prophylaxis of the disease. If the arthrosis of the joints of the fingers has already manifested itself, the treatment also does not do without this procedure. Massage, improving blood circulation, prevents atrophy of tissues. With his help, spasms in the muscles are removed, the innervation of organs and tissues intensifies. When arthrosis of the thumb is detected, the treatment provides for its regular trituration. Massage is good because it can be done not only by a specialist, but also by the patient himself during the day at home. For example, the longitudinal grinding of each finger in turn in the direction from the base to the nail. Massage of the fingers with circular motions helps. From time to time it is necessary to perform active rubbing of the palms against each other.

Exercises for the hands

Various exercises are necessary for both prevention and treatment of arthrosis. It is best to perform them before the hands for a long time will be in peace. For example, before going to sleep.

You can begin with a passive exercise: the fingers of one hand bend and unbend with the other hand. Do this up to 15 times. How many times do and active charging: collecting fingers in a fist, try to unbend the brush to the limit. You need to bend and unbend your fingers in the distal joint, then in the proximal joint. Connecting your fingers, spread your hands and try to hold them for about two minutes.

Physiotherapy

In the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers, procedures are prescribed such as magnetotherapy, laser therapy, electrophoresis. After such treatment, the blood circulation in the hand improves, the swelling of the joints decreases, the cartilage is restored.

Applications

With permanent, exhausting joint pains, in patients diagnosed with arthrosis of the fingers, treatment is effective if the application is used. The analgesic effect is achieved by applications with both ozocerite and paraffin.

Also recommend reading

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Arthrosis of the fingers of the hand how to treat

The video tells about arthrosis of the thumb .

Symptoms of

The characteristic symptoms of arthrosis are:

  • Periodic mild pain at the initial stage;
  • As the disease develops, the pain becomes stronger and more lasting;
  • When you move your fingers, you hear a crunch;
  • The pathological proliferation of the articular tissue becomes visible;
  • Fatigue of the fingers;
  • Redness of the skin over the joints;
  • Reduced mobility of the fingers;
  • At the last stage of the disease, the fingers are strongly curved and practically immobile, and the pain is strong and constant.

Treatment of arthrosis of fingers

When the first symptoms of the pathology appear, it is recommended to consult a rheumatologist, this specialist is engaged in the treatment of arthrosis, as well as other inflammatory-dystrophic pathologies of the joints. In the process of treatment, you may need to refer to such specialists as a physiotherapist, masseur, manual therapist, physician LFK, surgeon.

To combat arthrosis use a set of medicinal and non-medicinal methods. As a drug therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and means for regenerating cartilage tissue are used. Very important is the right diet that excludes salt and intake of vitamins and calcium. Then in the course are physiotherapy methods and gentle massage, as well as special therapeutic exercises.

Physiotherapy is used after overcoming the acute period of the disease. The procedures include: magnetotherapy, electrophoresis with ozokerite and paraffin, laser treatment. All these procedures accelerate the restoration of cartilage.

Ointments

Osteoarthritis alone can not be defeated by ointments, but this is a significant help in the treatment. Ointments can help relieve pain, reduce inflammation, improve blood supply to tissues and nourish cartilage.

For drugs that relieve the inflammatory process and pain, include: Diclofenac, Ketanov, Arthrosilen, Indomethacin, Orthofen, Voltaren-emulgel, Dolgite cream, Butadion. Often used warming ointment: Fastum-gel, Menovazin.

Chondroprotectors serve for the regeneration of cartilaginous tissues. In the form of ointments, they do not have significant efficacy. They issue such names as KONDRONOV, "Toadstone", Chondroxide, Chondroitin.

Gymnastics of the fingers

Therapeutic exercises for arthrosis of the fingers are quite simple. Special movements include:

helportoped.ru

Arthrosis of the joints of the fingers: causes, symptoms Treatment of arthrosis of the phalanxes

Among the degenerative pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, arthrosis accounts for almost half of the diagnosed cases. This is due to the increased stress on the surfaces touching each other heads of bones covered with a dense hyaluronic cartilaginous tissue. To maintain its elasticity and resistance to abrasion, nature has taken care of the special filling of the joint cavity with synovial fluid. It has certain biochemical and physical parameters: viscosity, composition, volume, pressure level, etc. If these indices change, there is a threat of developing arthrosis.

At its core, any arthrosis is associated with the destruction of cartilaginous tissue, which is subjected to increased stresses as a result of a violation of physiology. With the loss of depreciation qualities of cartilage, the load begins to appear on bone tissue, which is not intended for such tests and undergoes various changes in the form of cracks, chips, and calcium leaching. In places of pathology begins the deposition of calcium salts( calcification) - a kind of bone callus, which is designed to reduce the risk of total damage to the head of the bone. Outwardly this manifests itself in the form of deformation of the joint, swelling, redness and severe soreness that accompanies each movement.

Causes of arthrosis of hand phalanxes

Do not think that the causes of arthrosis of the phalanges of the fingers are exclusively the age-related changes in the human body. Most often, to retirement age, a person has exactly that "bouquet of diseases", which he carefully collected all previous conscious life. As orthopedic practitioners say, more than 80% of disabilities due to a loss of ability to move independently, or to serve themselves, could be avoided without doing what harms the musculoskeletal system. For example, do not wear leather gloves in the cold season, which allow for a sudden hypothermia of the brushes. This uncomplicated advice, if observed, reduces the risk of developing arthrosis by 35%.It is this number of cases of degeneration of the cartilaginous tissue of interphalangeal joints that occurs in patients who regularly put their hands to hypothermia.

Let's see what happens to the joints during the cold exposure. Primary impact on yourself takes the epidermis, which tries to reduce the area of ​​negative influence to maintain a comfortable temperature. The network of small blood vessels shrinks - the amount of incoming blood in the muscles and soft tissues decreases. If you stay in this state for a long time, and then enter a warm room, you will feel a tingling sensation and even an aching in the bones of your fingers. This is the effect of the rapid expansion of blood vessels and the restoration of the process of blood supply to bones and cartilaginous tissue.

And now attention! According to the data obtained during practical experiments, the cartilaginous tissue begins to lose its properties after 40 minutes of cryogenic exposure to the hands.

The second common cause of arthrosis of the fingers is the violation of metabolic processes in the human body, in which the synthesis of collagen, hyaluronic acid and other important components is disrupted. Many women in the media know about this phenomenon perfectly and even try to fight it with the help of various cosmetics. Meanwhile, the condition of the skin turgor and the cartilaginous tissue of the joints is closely related to each other. If a person has flaccidity and wrinkled skin, then, almost certainly, a similar pattern is observed in the joint cavity. Suffer in the first place articulations of small bones, in which the least amount of synovial fluid. The correct diet and enough fluids per day can reduce the risk of this pathology.

To the above factors, it is worth adding other possible reasons:

  • increased physical activity;
  • a disruption in the stability of interphalangeal joints( often occurs in people who have the addictive habit of snapping and cracking their fingers);
  • trauma in the form of dislocations, bruises, fractures, sprain;
  • infectious and inflammatory processes, Bechterew's disease, psoriasis, gout;
  • overweight, nephrotic edematous syndrome, hormonal disorders.

Recently, research data have appeared that testify to the detrimental effect of nicotine on the state of cartilaginous tissue. This substance, getting into the cartilage even in the minimum concentration, leads to loss of fluid and elasticity. Therefore, smoking is called among the most likely causes of lesions of small joints of the hands and feet.

Symptoms of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers

Osteoarthritis of the fingers of the symptoms gives only at the stage when the destruction of the cartilaginous tissue reaches a certain level. Until the cartilaginous tissue expands the head of the bones, the symptoms of arthrosis of the joints of the fingers may not manifest. Although there are primary signs, which include increased fatigue of the hands when performing movements associated with fine motor skills. There is a sensation of swelling, which is not allowed to take a small part of the fingers.

In the second stage of the pathological process, visible manifestations may be absent or diagnosed in view of small dense nodules located along the lateral surfaces around the affected joints. The pain syndrome is almost constant, amplified after exposure to cold, softened by thermal influence. A crunch and clicks are heard when you try to squeeze your fingers into a fist and release them sharply. The examination reveals the instability of the joints and excessive mobility of the bones entering into them.

In the third stage of the process, the symptoms of arthrosis of the fingers become visible to the naked eye and cause a lot of unpleasant sensations to the patients. Become difficult all movements of fine motor skills, they cause severe pain. Movements lose their accuracy. During periods of remission, tingling and numbness are felt. When viewed, a clear deformation of the joints is visible, the phalanges can change their physiological position with a deviation from the axis. Around the joints palpation seals, they are painful. During the period of exacerbation against the background of the inflammatory process, the skin becomes red and the fingers swell.

Modern standards for the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers

There are certain standards for the treatment of arthrosis of the fingers, which is used by official medicine, which considers this pathology irreversible and not amenable to therapy in a conservative way. Therefore, patients are offered only symptomatic methods of treatment in order to eliminate pain syndrome, inflammation, and recovery of mobility.

There is no effect on the cause of the disease, although it is recommended that the patient refrain from fulfilling those professional duties that allegedly led to the development of the disease. Expectant tactics include the use of analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, B vitamins and nicotinic acid, physiotherapy, therapeutic massage and exercise therapy.

In severe cases, corticosteroids are used that effectively eliminate pain syndrome and restrict mobility. But hormonal preparations help accelerate the process of destruction of bone tissue, which, without cartilage protection, undergoes extreme overloads with each movement.

How to treat arthrosis of the fingers with the help of manual therapy?

But do not despair, let's look at how you can treat arthrosis of the fingers with the help of manual therapy. First, there is an extensive practice of treating such pathologies with a high percentage of successful outcome of the disease, even at advanced stages of destruction.

The only condition for achieving a positive result is strict adherence to all individual physician prescriptions. At the initial stage of treatment, osteopathy can be used, the main techniques of which are aimed at restoring the physiological position of the phalanx of the fingers in the joint cavities. Then the specialist directs his efforts to strengthen the ligament apparatus and connective tissue. It is necessary to strengthen the articular bag in order to exclude the free dislocation of the bones entering into it. This will reduce the traumatism of the cartilage.

After stabilization of the patient's condition and complete relief of the painful syndrome, a long rehabilitation period begins. A massage is used to restore the normal blood supply to the tissues of the tucco brushes. Also, special gymnastics is prescribed, which strengthens the nutrition of the cartilaginous tissue and the improvement of the joint condition.

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