Flat-footed wikipedia

Flatfoot - Wikipedia

Flatfoot types

With transverse flatfoot, the lateral arch of the foot flattenes, its front section rests on the heads of all five metatarsal bones, the length of the feet decreases due to the fan-shaped divergence of the metatarsal bones, the deviation of the 1st finger outwards and the hammer-shaped deformation of the middle finger. When longitudinal flat feet flattened the longitudinal arch and the foot touches the floor with almost the entire area of ​​the sole, the length of the feet increases.

Flattening is in direct proportion to the body weight: the greater the mass and, consequently, the load on the feet, the more pronounced the longitudinal flat feet. This pathology occurs mainly in women. Longitudinal platypodia occurs most often at the age of 16-25 years, transverse - at 35-50 years. By origin, flat feet distinguish congenital flat foot, traumatic, paralytic and static. Congenital flatfoot set earlier than 5-6 years of age is not easy, because all children younger than this age are determined by all the elements of the flat foot. However, in approximately 3% of all cases of flatfoot, a flat foot is congenital.

Traumatic flat feet - a consequence of a fracture of the ankles, calcaneus, tarsometric bones. Paralytic flat foot is a result of paralysis of the plantar muscles of the foot and muscles starting on the shin( the consequence of poliomyelitis).

Ricky flat feet due to body burden on weakened bones of the foot.

Static flat feet( occurring most often 82.1%) occurs due to weakness of the leg and foot muscles, ligament apparatus and bones. The causes of the development of static flatfoot may be different - weight gain, standing work, muscle strength decrease with physiological aging, lack of training in the persons of sedentary professions, etc. Internal causes contributing to the development of foot deformities include hereditary predisposition toexternal reasons - overload of feet associated with the profession( a woman with a normal foot structure, who spends 7-8 hours behind the counter or in a weaving workshop, may eventually acquire this disease), managementm household irrational wearing shoes( narrow, uncomfortable).

When walking on the "hairpin" there is a redistribution of the load: from the heel it moves to the area of ​​the transverse arch, which does not stand it, is deformed, which is why a transverse flatfoot arises.

The main symptoms of longitudinal flat feet are pain in the foot, changing its outlines.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of "flat feet" is made on the basis of the X-ray of the feet in 2 projections with a load( standing).A preliminary diagnosis of "flatfoot" can be set by an orthopedist on the basis of physical examination or analysis of images obtained with the help of a subscope. The correctness of the location of the anatomical landmarks of the foot and ankle joint, the volume of movements and the angles of the foot deflection, the response of the arches and muscles to the load, the gait characteristics, and the wear characteristics of the footwear are determined.

For the purposes of medical examination of flatfoot, x-ray images of both feet in the straight and lateral projection, performed under the load( the patient stands) are crucial.

For the examination of the degree of severity of transverse flatfoot analysis of the obtained X-ray diffraction patterns is made.

On X-ray images in a direct projection to determine the degree of transverse flatfoot, three straight lines are drawn, corresponding to the longitudinal axes I-II metatarsal bones and the main phalange of the first finger. They form

  • At I degree of deformation, the angle between I-II metatarsal bones is 10-12 degrees, and the angle of deviation of the first finger is 15-20 degrees;
  • at the II degree these angles respectively increase to 15 and 30 degrees;
  • at the third degree - up to 20 and 40 degrees, and at the IV degree - exceed 20 and 40 degrees.

To determine the degree of longitudinal flatfoot expression, the radiograph of the feet in the lateral projection is performed. The picture shows three lines forming a triangle with a blunt angle directed upwards.

  • The first line is carried out horizontally, through the point on the plantar surface of the calcaneus calcaneus, and the point on the metatarsal head 1;
  • The second line is drawn from the point of contact of the 1st line with the calcaneal tubercle to the lowest point of the joint slit of the scaphoid-wedge joint;
  • The third line is drawn from the point of contact of the 1st line with the metatarsal head 1 to the same point as the second line.

Normally, the angle of the arch of the foot is 125-130 °, the arch height is> 35 mm. There are 3 degrees of longitudinal flat feet.

  • 1 degree - the arch angle is 130-140 °, the height of the arch is 35-25 mm, there is no deformation of the foot bones.
  • 2 degree - the angle of the arch is 141-155 °, the height of the arch 24-17 mm, there may be signs of deforming arthrosis of the talon-navicular joint.
  • 3rd degree - the arch angle is equal to & gt; 155 °, height & lt; 17 mm;there are signs of deforming arthrosis of the talon-navicular and other joints of the foot.

Complications of flatfoot

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  • Pain in the feet, knees, hips, back.
  • Unnatural gait and posture.
  • It's easier to bend than squat;crouching, it is difficult to maintain balance.
  • "Heavy" gait.
  • Shaftfoot when walking
  • Deformed feet( flat foot, curved, disproportionate length of toes, "bony" on the big toe( hallux valgus), an ugly wide foot), deformity of the knee joints, disproportionate development of the leg and lower leg muscles.
  • Flattening predisposes to the development of ingrown nails.

Military medical examination

According to the acting orders of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the base for liberation from service in the army is a flat-footed 3rd degree.

References

  • { source = А.Г.Беленький} Flat-foot: manifestations and diagnostics. Consolidium Medicum. Checked August 16, 2010.

en-wiki.ru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flat-footed There are transverse and longitudinal flat feet, perhaps a combination of both forms. The transverse flatfoot in combination with other deformities is 55.23%, longitudinal flatfoot in combination with other deformities of the feet - 29.3%.

Platypodia

With transverse flatfoot, the lateral arch of the foot flattenes, its anterior section rests on the heads of all five metatarsal bones, and not on I and V, as is normal, the length of the feet decreases due to the fan-shaped divergence of the metatarsal bones,finger out and hammer-shaped deformation of the middle finger. When the longitudinal flat feet flattened the longitudinal arch and the foot touches the floor with almost the entire area of ​​the sole, the length of the feet increases.

Flattening is in direct proportion to the body weight: the greater the mass and, consequently, the load on the feet, the more pronounced the longitudinal flat feet. This pathology occurs mainly in women. Longitudinal platypodia occurs most often at the age of 16-25 years, transverse - at 35-50 years. By origin, flat feet distinguish congenital flat foot, traumatic, paralytic and static. Congenital flat feet set earlier than 5-6 years of age is not easy, since all children younger than this age are determined by all the elements of the flat foot. However, in approximately 3% of all cases of flatfoot, a flat foot is congenital.

Traumatic flat feet - a consequence of a fracture of the ankles, calcaneus, tarsometric bones. Paralytic flat foot is a result of paralysis of the plantar muscles of the foot and muscles starting on the shin( a consequence of Poliomyelitis).

Ricky flat feet due to body burden on weakened bones of the foot.

Static flat feet( occurring most often 82.1%) occurs due to weakness of the calf and foot muscles, ligament apparatus and bones. The causes of the development of static flatfoot may be different - weight gain, standing work, muscle strength decrease with physiological aging, lack of training in the persons of sedentary professions, etc. Internal causes contributing to the development of foot deformities include hereditary predisposition toexternal reasons - overload of feet associated with the profession( a woman with a normal foot structure, who spends 7-8 hours behind the counter or in a weaving workshop, may eventually acquire this disease), managementhousehold irrational wearing shoes( narrow, uncomfortable).

When walking on the "hairpins" there is a redistribution of the load: from the heel it moves to the area of ​​the transverse arch, which does not stand it, is deformed, which is why a transverse flatfoot arises.

The main symptoms of longitudinal flat feet are pain in the foot, changing its outlines.

Consequences and complications

Flattening predisposes to the development of ingrown nail. Pain in the feet, knees, hips, back. Unnatural gait and posture. It's easier to bend than squat;crouching, it is difficult to maintain balance."Hard" gait. Of course, a clumsy when walking. Deformed: feet( flat foot, curved, disproportionate length of the toes, "bone" on the thumb, an ugly wide foot).knees( bent outside or inside);hips( inverted);Disproportionately developed or underdeveloped leg muscles.

ammanu.edu.jo

Flat feet - Causes, symptoms and treatment. MF

Flattening is the most common deformity of the feet. Directly the foot performs the function of human support, movement and depreciation due to a complex structure. In a normal physiological structure, the foot has two arches - a transverse( between the bases of the fingers) and a longitudinal( along the inner edge of the foot).Vaults carry the function of shock absorbers and soften shaking when walking. The bone-ligamentous apparatus of the foot works well when the load that falls on the foot is completely balanced. With the weakening of the muscles and ligaments that connect the 26 bones of the foot, subsidence of the arches and flattening occur, which leads to loss of the spring function. With flatfoot this function goes to the spine, knee, ankle and hip joint. These joints are not designed to perform this function and cope badly with it, and they quickly fail.

The causes of flatfoot formation.

There are a lot of conditions that lead to flat feet, here are some of them.

  • Congenital flat foot is a fairly rare pathology found in 11.5% of the total number of foot diseases. The cause may be various pathologies of intrauterine development of the fetus, due to ionizing radiation, harmful habits of the mother.
  • Children with rickets develop a rickety foot, as a result of a decrease in vitamin D production, bone strength under mechanical stress decreases, and the musculoskeletal apparatus is weakened.
  • Paralytic platypodia develops after the transferred poliomyelitis, and the degree of flatfoot is directly dependent on the severity of paralysis.
  • Traumatic platypodia develops in fractures of the foot bones or with improperly fused fractures.
  • Static flatfoot is one of the most common types of flatfoot. The main reasons for it are reduced muscle tone, excessive fatigue due to prolonged stay on the legs.

Symptoms of flat feet.

Usually a person who spends a lot of time on his feet does not notice the development of flat feet, and the appearance of pains and unpleasant sensations in the legs and feet is associated with fatigue. There are several basic signs on which you can suspect the development of this terrible disease in yourself.

• Your legs begin to swell by the end of the day, marks of socks appear, you may experience a feeling of heaviness and cramps that may not be long and pass after the massage • You begin to notice that the length of the working day remains the same and the legs are fatigued much faster.• Shoes start to wear out much faster than before, mostly on the inside.• Periodically creates the feeling that the leg has increased in length, and because of this, you have to buy shoes for a size larger.

There are several stages of foot deformation, the passage of which leads to complete clinical flat feet. The prodromal stage, the stage of alternating flat foot, the stage of development of the flat foot, the stage of flat-footed foot and the contractual flatfoot are distinguished.

The first stage of flatfoot is manifested by pain in the foot and calf muscle after a long load on the foot, of a statistical nature, a pronounced feeling of fatigue appears.

In the , the intermittent flatness stage is characterized by increased pain by the end of the day, the pain arises from overexertion of the ligamentous foot apparatus which maintains the optimal position of the foot. Increased fatigue often appears in the middle of the day, and people with flat feet have to change their activities or more often rest. The longitudinal arch of the foot at the end of the working day visually flattened, but after rest, especially in the mornings, the height of the vault is restored.

The stage of development of flat foot occurs when, due to further fatigue of the leg and foot muscles, the longitudinal arch of the foot is not restored to rest after rest. The patient quickly develops fatigue due to fatigue of the muscles. The pain becomes permanent and aching due to overstretching of the ligamentous apparatus. The height of the longitudinal arch decreases due to the elongation of the foot and the expansion of its longitudinal part. The gait changes, the amount of movement in the foot joint is limited. In this stage of the disease there are three degrees.

Diagnostic measures for flat feet.

In addition to clinical signs, there are several methods that can determine the severity of this pathology. These include planktonography, the analysis of the face line, the dodging and clinical and radiographic methods of diagnosis.

Plantography - a method that allows the determination of the expression of flat feet with the help of prints. The feet are smeared with methylene blue solution, then the footprints are made on a blank sheet of paper, working on the feet evenly with all the weight.

Patternogram

Friedland's method is the determination of the percentage of height of the foot and its length.

The clinical method of measurement consists in the construction of a triangle with a base equal to the distance from the metatarsal head I to the heel of the calcaneus. The top of the triangle is at the top of the inner ankle, one leg extends to the apex of the calcaneal angle, the other to the head I of metatarsal bone. Normally, the height of the vault is 55 - 60 cm.

The X-ray method is based on the construction of a triangle on the lateral radiograph of the foot that connects the apex of the heel of the calcaneus with the head of metatarsal I, and the apex of the triangle falls on the lower edge of the scaphoid bone, the vertex angle should normally be 120- 130 degrees.

Determination of the degree of flatfoot by X-ray.

Flat-footedness is one of those diseases with which young people are not called to military service( service in the army).II and III degrees of the disease are an absolute contraindication for service in the armed forces. This is due to the large power loads that a man with a flatfoot can not bear. Otherwise, the pain syndrome may increase, and in the future, with the preservation of this load, go to one of many complications.

Flat feet in children.

Newborns are characterized by well-defined arches of feet, but the children's foot is filled with fatty tissue, and when viewed it seems flat. Since 3 years, there has been a significant strengthening and development of the ligamentous apparatus, due to which there is a significant increase in the height of the arch and the foot begins to acquire the appearance of the foot of an adult person. The older the child, the more pronounced the vaulted structure. Thus, the external flat feet of a child can not be taken as a true disease.

The development of flat feet in children is promoted by congenital disorders of the ligamentous apparatus, muscle weakness, obesity, endocrine diseases, improperly selected footwear. Due to its anatomical features, the definition of flat feet in children by the fingerprint method is not always informative and can give a false result.

Very often, children can not complain about leg pain or discomfort, so periodic examination by an orthopedic doctor is an integral part of the annual medical check-up. Treatment of flat feet in children is reduced to rest, temporary prohibition of exercise, massage of the plantar part and walking barefoot on uneven surfaces, it is possible to design orthopedic insoles.

Treatment of flat feet.

Treat flat feet is difficult, and it will not be possible to say with certainty after a period of time that this is a disease in the past. Completely get rid of this pathology can only be in childhood, because the ligamentous apparatus and the bone system is pliable enough. In adult patients, this disease can only be stopped with the help of special rehabilitation measures.

Parents need to remember - "the earlier the symptoms of flatfoot, the more favorable conditions for stopping the progression."

Treatment should be combined and include the removal of the pain syndrome, strengthening of the ligamentous apparatus and the muscles of the foot. To relieve the pain, you need to use anesthetic ointments with a relaxing effect and physiotherapy.

To begin treatment it is necessary with gymnastics, which can be performed daily at home. The therapeutic form of gymnastics is used to achieve correction of the arch of the foot, strengthens the muscles, trains the ligament apparatus, forms the correct type of gait. There is a large number of exercises that are selected individually and depend on age, complaints, position of the foot and its shape. All exercises and their intensity to you will be picked up by an orthopedist.

Treatment in the stage of flat deformation of the foot should be strictly differentiated, along with exercise therapy and massage it is necessary to wear insoles that support the relief of painful areas and correct the deficiencies in the initial stage of the disease and orthopedic footwear at grade II, and at grade III it is often shownsurgical treatment.

With congenital planovalgus deformation of foot of easy degree, children are treated with foot and shin massage, physiotherapy exercises. When a child begins to walk, it is necessary to make orthopedic shoes for him. With insufficiently effective treatment and late treatment, surgical treatment is indicated.

The correct choice of shoes is of great importance in the treatment of flatfoot. Beautiful shoes with high heels, of course, decorate the legs of any fashionista, but do not wear them all the time. Otherwise, after a short time you will only need to wear orthopedic shoes. When choosing shoes, pay special attention to the flexibility and comfort of the sole, the height of the heel( not more than 3-4 cm), it is better to avoid shoes on the platform and excessively wide or narrow.

Complications of flatfoot.

• Strabism in walking, spinal curvature, unnatural posture • Pain in the knees, hips, back and feet • Dystrophic changes in the muscles of the legs and back • Disease of the feet themselves( deformation, curvature of the fingers, calluses, spurs, neuritis) • Diseases of the spine(herniated intervertebral discs, osteochondrosis), hip and knee joint diseases • Growth of nails.

Flat feet prevention.

To prevent the development of flat feet, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures every week. The priority that needs to be done is to choose the right footwear, exclude the wearing of shoes with high heels, the optimal height is 3 - 4 cm. Periodically conduct an examination with an orthopedic doctor, at least once a year. People who have any problems with their legs should be examined more often. It is also necessary to do gymnastics and do physical exercises for the feet. Foot baths and massage will help relax the muscles and relieve tension after a hard day. It is necessary to get rid of excess weight, as it contributes to an additional burden on the spine and legs.

Doctor therapist Zhumagaziev E.N.

medicalj.ru

Flat feet: prevention, treatment, causes, symptoms

The onset of the disease is possible in childhood or adulthood. The rickety type is possible, as you already guessed, because of rickets. Because of the disease, there is no normal development of bones. Traumatic type appears as a result of fractures of the ankle joint, bones of the foot. In addition, the trauma of the ligaments and muscles that strengthen the arches of the foot, is also capable of provoking the disease. Paralytic platypodia is possible because of the transferred poliomyelitis. Static appearance occurs in more than 75% of the disease.

Symptoms of flatfoot in adults

Flat feet, the first symptoms of which can be manifested by pain in the legs after prolonged standing or while walking. And, for the disease, the following clinical signs are characteristic:
  1. 1) The feet are painful even after a minor load.
  2. 2) Looking at your old shoes, you notice that it is worn from the inside and is worn down.
  3. 3) Ankles swell.
  4. 4) Noticeably an increase in the legs in length and width, the old models of shoes are already small to you.
  5. 5) It's impossible to walk on stiletto heels.
  6. 6) During the last stage of the disease, apart from the legs, the lumbar spine is gradually worried, walking becomes painful. Headaches are possible.
Symptoms of longitudinal flatfoot:
  • stops swollen at the end of the day( see the causes of edema on the legs).
  • feet quickly get tired.
  • , when pressed in the middle of the foot, soreness is felt.
  • sore leg: foot, ankle, lower leg.
  • to choose the right shoes is really difficult.
  • a pain in the lumbar region is possible.
  • longitudinal arch is not noticeable, the foot is swollen, the heel is flattened.
  • standard shoes can not be worn.
  • soreness in front of the foot,
  • appearance of calluses;

Degrees of flatfoot

Let's call general indicators of degrees of development of the disease. The first is weakly expressed, it does not greatly disturb the patient. You can visually see the onset of the disease visually. The second degree or moderately expressed form often has pronounced changes. The disease is more pronounced, you gradually experience soreness in the ankle, foot. Visually visible are heavy movements and clubfoot. In the third form, a complete deformation occurs. Violated the functions of the musculoskeletal system, there may be more serious diseases. The soreness is very strong, it hurts to walk, and it's difficult to play sports. We call three stages of the longitudinal type of the disease.
  1. At the first degree of longitudinal flatfoot there is rapid fatigue of the legs. The soreness is not obvious, the patient can feel uncomfortable sensations when putting on shoes. Sometimes puffiness is possible in the morning.
  2. With the second form, the pain is more pronounced, sometimes it is very strong, the ankles and the shin extend. This degree complicates walking, making an ugly gait.
  3. In the third form, uneasy foot pains: feet, shins, sometimes makes itself felt low back. Also visible swelling in the joints of the foot.

Degrees in transverse flatfoot

In this case, the transverse arch of the foot becomes large, the length of the leg decreases. The big toes gradually deviate from the others, becoming a kind of hammer. The transverse type of flat feet is characteristic for a female over thirty years of age. Disturb the corns, the bone grows on the fingers. When the first form of this type of flatfoot periodically hurt feet, the front part is painful. At the second form there is soreness under the head of metatarsal bones. During the third degree the pain intensifies, usually corns appear in large quantities.

Flat-footedness in children

According to medical statistics, more than half of children at the age of 6-7 develop flat feet. To avoid flat feet in the future, you should treat yourself, starting with childhood. To correct the arch of the foot is really up to 13 years, until it is fully formed. This diagnosis is given to children from three to five years. Sometimes, from the very birth or from the beginning of circulation, heel-valgus feet are visible. By the age of three they become flat-valgus. Until the age of three, flat feet do not exist, since a fat pad appears on the inside of the foot. It is an additional shock absorber when walking. The most actual types of flat feet in children are: longitudinal, transverse, flat-valgus feet and a mixed type of flatfoot. Plantogram is one of the most effective methods of diagnosing a child. To diagnose the foot, the baby is spread with a special liquid, after which the area that has been painted is analyzed. Due to age-related features, the diagnosis of flat feet in children is complicated. It is better to consult an orthopedic doctor, he will correctly identify the symptoms of flat feet. What can parents do? If the child slumps, perhaps, the presence of valgus platypodia. When the baby comes in when walking to the front edge of the foot, you should also contact the doctor for help. The foot is best formed in natural conditions. Therefore, in the summer, let the child walk barefoot on the grass, sand, stones. A certain physical load is important: moving games, walking. The child should not wear old shoes after someone: the load can be mis-distributed in the foot. In addition, make sure that the child is sitting at the table with an even posture.

Treatment of flatfoot in adults and children

Therapy of longitudinal and transverse flatfoot is similar. Medical measures applied to an adult can only improve his condition. While the children are fully recovered, as the baby's feet just begin to form completely. The doctor prescribes most often conservative treatment: medications in combination with physiotherapy procedures. Therapy is based on therapeutic exercises. Such physical culture is chosen specifically for the patient, the orthopedic doctor necessarily takes into account the age, the degree of the disease and its form. Excellent massage and hydromassage of feet helpfully. Active stimulation of the problem zone improves blood circulation and improves the tone of the muscles of the feet and lower legs. Orthopedic insoles with the disease restore the required lifting of the arches of the foot, correct the normal position of the foot, provide comfort while walking. At the initial stage, the insoles perfectly help to cope with the disease. Operation is the most effective method of treatment with significant deformities of the foot. Flattening in children is treated easier, without surgery. Muscles, bone and ligament tissues of children are still very sensitive to treatment. A rarely encountered congenital platypodia is treated with special bandages. Mostly, they use toning massage and physical training. Also effective for the feet are the contrast baths. Many doctors recommend wearing orthopedic shoes. Than at an earlier age you or a doctor discover flat feet, the more effective the treatment will be. For the purpose of prevention, the child should be checked by a doctor about 5 years.

Flat-foot exercises

  1. 1) The legs should be set shoulder width apart. Then the feet unfold, first the heels are joined, then the socks. Make at least 12 repetitions.
  2. 2) Rotation. Sitting on a chair or standing, set the heels to the width of the shoulders. Rotate the feet in two directions. Do 12 repetitions.
  3. 3) Stop installation. Performed in a sitting or standing position. Place the feet on the outer, and then on the inner surface alternately. Do it 15 times.
  4. 4) Low attacks. Rise steadily. Perform a front leg thrust. Then turn over the other way and do the same. Without fail, keep your back straight. It should be repeated 15 times.
  5. 5) We go on the spot. Take quick steps. The feet look inward, the legs are bent at the knees. Do not move your shoulders, keep straight, legs are actively involved. The breathing is calm, the exercise is performed for half a minute. For children, the entire LF complex is performed in a play form.

Complications of

  • tenderness in hips, feet, back and knees.
  • change in the shape of the foot - curvature, the appearance of the stone, too wide a foot, improper development of muscles and articular tissue.
  • irregularity of posture and gait.
  • with squats to keep the balance is very difficult.
  • the appearance of ingrown nails is possible.
  • clubfoot and heaviness of gait.

Flatfoot prevention in adults

People engaged in active work with constant standing should periodically rest, move the main center of gravity to the outside of the foot. In addition, after a day's work it is useful to do foot massage, rub them. You can massage by walking barefoot on sand, grass or gravel. At home choose a massage mat. Correctly pick up your shoes so that it does not rub, do not press the foot, but it is better that no discomfort does not appear.

Plane prophylaxis in children

In children, prevention should be carried out, starting with 1 year of life. It will be concluded in the exclusion of rickets, poliomyelitis and other diseases. Already during the first steps of the child, think about the choice of quality footwear. However, without walking on the grass, gravel and sand can not do: "barefoot" kids are several times less likely to suffer from the disease. Watch that the child does not walk on a flat floor, but on an uneven surface. Older children are recommended gymnastics with simple walking on the heels and toes, the inside and outside of the legs. You can do jumps on the spot, climb the gymnasium ladder. Combine gymnastics with water procedures. It is not only excellent strengthening of muscles, but also perfect hardening.

MyMedicalPortal.net

what is platypodia?

Galina Zhigunova

This is a defect of the foot and terrible suffering with it for life. Simply put flat foot, if it is watered with water and step on the floor, then its trace is printed on the floor completely, if there is no flat footing, then only the outer edge of the foot is imprinted.
I have a congenital platypodia of 3rd degree, 39 years suffer from wild pain in my feet after a long walk.
The greatest enemy of it will not have to wish!

Pavel Nakleushev

An irregular shape of the foot that does not have an arch inward.

Vladimir Gert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flat-foot
ICD-10M21.4, Q66.5 ICD-9734 DiseasesDB4852 MedlinePlus001262 eMedicineorthoped / 540 MeSHD005413
Foot trail with varying degrees of flatfoot from zero to third.
Flat? Pie - a change in the shape of the foot, characterized by the omission of its longitudinal and transverse arches. There are initial, transverse and longitudinal flat feet, perhaps a combination of both forms. The transverse flatfoot in combination with other deformities is 55.23%, longitudinal flatfoot in combination with other deformities of the feet - 29.3%.
With transverse flatfoot, the lateral arch of the foot flattenes, its front section rests on the heads of all five metatarsal bones, the length of the feet decreases due to the fan-shaped divergence of the metatarsal bones, the deviation of the first finger outward and the hammer-shaped deformation of the middle finger. With longitudinal flat feet, the longitudinal arch is flattened and the foot touches the floor with almost the entire area of ​​the sole, the length of the feet increases.

Spectrum of

Lowering the tone of the muscles of the arch of the foot. It is treated with physiotherapy exercises and strengthening of these muscles. If you go to the orthopedist, you will be given a full course of treatment, and for the start-roll around the floor with a round object( bottle for example), a hundred times stand on your toes and go down on your heels-slowly. Good luck!

Ludmila Klochkova

special insoles help.

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