Gymnastics shrot in scoliosis video

Catarina Schroth's unique breathing gymnastics will help with scoliosis.

Katarina Schroth's gymnastics is used in scaffolds in rehabilitation centers due to the fact that it optimally combines power, breathing and restorative exercises.

Its creator - Katharine Schroth on herself checked the effectiveness of her method. She suffered a lateral curvature of the spine, and to get rid of it developed a complex of gymnastics. Schroth received official recognition in Germany in 1921, when the first scoliosis clinic was opened, in which the Schroth breathing exercises were applied.

Basic principles of curative gymnastics Shrot

The basis for an effective scoliosis treatment package is the idea of ​​the creator of the method that the body of a sick person resembles a ball in functionality. When pressure is applied to it, it is leveled. This principle is the basis of the complex exercise therapy.

The method is based on correct breathing. It is he who plays the leading role in eliminating the abnormal breathing stereotype, formed due to the displacement of internal organs in scoliosis.

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Rotation of the spine( twisting along the vertical axis) during deformation of the spinal column also causes the instability of the vertebrae, so any careless movement causes a pain syndrome in a person. To prevent it, Katarina's treatment complex includes exercises to increase the power endurance of the muscular corset of the back.

With lateral displacement in the thoracic spine, the intercostal spaces on the side of the lesion narrow. Because of this, the lungs on the side of the constriction of the thorax receive less oxygen. They can not fully crack down. Without breathing training, this pathology can not be eliminated.

The displacement of the vertebrae is eliminated by a unique system of breathing exercises, which were developed by Katarina's daughter Schroth Lenard. She is a physical therapist by education. For many years of practice, Lenard Schroth succeeded in perfecting his technique for eliminating subluxations of the vertebrae, which are always observed with frontal deformation of the vertebral axis.

How to conduct classes

Before training with the patient, an explanatory conversation is conducted. He must understand the essence of the disease and its anatomical features in order to realize the value of the activities carried out.

At the starting stage the patient learns the basics of proper breathing in combination with static exercises. The simplest form of the Catarina method consists of the following steps:

  1. Studying and fixing the correct position of the body to eliminate the pathological stereotype of the trunk position;
  2. Sprain of the muscular corset of the back by breathing to increase the distance between the ribs in the chest;
  3. Training frequency and depth of breaths and breaths to adjust the width of intercostal spaces;
  4. Active exercises to strengthen the tone of the intercostal muscles during exhalation.

After preliminary training, the person with the instructor of the patient performs the exercises independently 30 times daily. In doing so, he must constantly monitor the condition of the back with the help of mirrors.

It is based on unbalanced breathing. Its essence lies in the sequential development of weak pulmonary zones through the strengthening of the intercostal musculature. During the exercises, to prevent the pain syndrome under the convex side of the chest are pouches with sand, and under the spinal column - special rollers.

When performing gymnastics, the body spends a huge amount of energy, so a person should drink large amounts of liquid.

The average course lasts about 3 months, and then the technique involves the use of rehabilitation procedures. They are conducted in adults 2-3 times a year, and in children - 1 time per year.

Rules for the implementation of

There are mandatory rules that a patient must perform which heals scoliosis according to the Catarina method:

  • Multiple repetitions of exercises lead to the fixation of constant muscle reflexes, so it is very important to initially set the movement and breathing correctly;
  • Breathing exercises are performed first in the supine position. At the same time, the doctor first massages the sinking area of ​​the chest. On inspiration, the patient should touch the palm of the hand of the doctor, located above the upper back. Thus, the depth of inspiration is fixed;
  • Exhalation is carried out through the half-compressed lips, which allows you to actively train the intercostal muscles;
  • Gymnastics aimed at stretching the intercostal spaces are spent on exhalation;
  • To consolidate the reflexes developed during the day, about 30 repetitions of each exercise are recommended;
  • During exercise, drink at least 1 liter of water.
There are contraindications to the use of gymnastics Schroth:
  1. With infectious diseases, respiratory gymnastics increases the intensity and severity of the process;
  2. Active physical movements are contraindicated in neoplastic diseases, since increased blood supply can lead to the spread of tumor cells to other tissues and organs;
  3. In case of heart diseases, exercise therapy is developed individually by a doctor. In some types of cardiac pathology, it is contraindicated( angina pectoris, myocardial infarction);
  4. Severe osteoporosis of bones( loss of calcium salts) and spastic paralysis disrupt the functioning of the musculoskeletal system.

In conclusion, note that the respiratory gymnastics of Katharina Schroth in scoliosis is not a panacea for the disease. Its main purpose is to teach a person to effectively resist pathology.

When the patient learns to take the right position, keeps his back straight and breathes evenly, he will unconsciously counteract the pathological curvature of the spine all day long. The method is better used in combination with other methods of treating frontal curvature of the spinal column to improve the effectiveness of therapy.

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Therapeutic gymnastics for scoliosis

Therapeutic gymnastics for scoliosis

Scoliosis is a very common disease, more precisely, the curvature of the spine, which occurs mainly in childhood. It is diagnosed in many children aged 1-15 years. It is the period of growth and development of the spine that becomes a fertile ground for the development of scoliosis, therefore, children's health needs to be given special attention.

Clinic of the disease

There are several types of scoliosis - the classification is made by localization and form of curvature. Isolate S-shaped, Z-shaped and C-shaped scoliosis. In the area of ​​localization of deformation, the chest, lumbar and combined scoliosis are distinguished. It is also possible to divide the deformation by age in which it is diagnosed in humans:

  • infantile - this type of scoliosis is defined in children up to the age of three;
  • juvenile - is diagnosed in children aged 3-10 years;
  • youthful - is defined in 10-15 years;
  • scoliosis in adults - is diagnosed in adulthood, when the formation and growth of the spine is already completed.

Degrees of scoliosis

Curvature of the spine develops gradually, so several degrees of deformation are distinguished:

  • 1 degree - the spine deviates from the vertical axis by 1-10 degrees( often this deviation is not considered pathological, therefore, no measures are taken to eliminate it);
  • 2 degree - the spine is deformed more significantly. The degree of deviation from its norm is 11-25;
  • 3 degree - the angle of inclination of the spine can vary within 26-50 degrees;
  • 4 degree - the most difficult. In this case, the spine deviates more than 50 degrees.

It is worth noting that depending on the degree of scoliosis depends the success of its elimination. Treatment should be dealt with if the deformation has reached the second degree, because in the future it will develop much faster and it will not be easy to cope with it.

External signs of scoliosis

Treatment of scoliosis

There are three main methods for treating scoliosis, for each of which there are indications. For example, if the scoliosis is on the first-second degree, the spine is not deflected by more than 15 degrees, the usual gymnastics will be effective, which should be conducted under the supervision of a specialist. If we talk about scoliosis of a more complex form, the patient will be offered a corset that can hold the spine in the right position, gradually leveling it. There is a huge number of corsets, each of which has its own indications for use. With complex forms of scoliosis, corsets are made to order, made of more rigid material.

Individual medical corset

If medical gymnastics and wearing a corset were unsuccessful, a surgical operation can be performed - indications to it are available only in the last stages of scoliosis. In this case, the spine will be supported by a special metal rod, which is inserted into the body by the back or front access. Note that the operation does not guarantee 100% alignment of the spine, it can straighten only up to a certain angle.

To avoid such serious therapies, it is necessary to diagnose scoliosis as early as possible in order to be able to align the spine only with the use of therapeutic gymnastics.

Use of gymnastics in scoliosis

Therapeutic gymnastics is one of the main ways to treat scoliosis and prevent the progression of deformity. You can use this therapy at any stage and with any type of scoliosis, but gymnastics is more effective, at the initial stages of deformation.

It should be noted that the complex of exercises is selected for each case individually. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the degree of curvature, the region of its localization and shape. If the complex of exercises is selected independently, there is a possibility not only to not achieve the desired result, but also to aggravate the situation.

LFK with scoliosis

Therapeutic gymnastics can be used as an independent method of treatment, but it has a higher efficiency in combination with massages and manual therapy. That is why, it is best to seek help from specialists who can provide comprehensive treatment.

If you are wondering why therapeutic gymnastics is effective enough for scoliosis, everything is quite simple. When a person performs a specially selected set of exercises for him, he strengthens the back muscles, which will form a strong and reliable corset around the spine, keeping him in a level position. In childhood, gymnastics is very effective, because the spine is still flexible, so it is able to return to the correct position.

Otherwise gymnastic exercises will simply help to strengthen the muscles, preventing the progression of scoliosis - this is also a fairly good result. So, performing gymnastics with scoliosis, a person unloads his spine, reduces the load that falls on him, which triggers the development of scoliosis, and strengthens the muscles of the back.

Gymnastics can be performed for the prevention of scoliosis - in this case it is very effective, it gives almost 100% protection against spinal deformity.

Physiotherapy exercises

Rules for performing gymnastic exercises

It was mentioned above that gymnastics can not only help in the fight against scoliosis, but also harm the spine, therefore it must be performed very responsibly and under the supervision of a qualified specialist. It is necessary to know some rules, according to which the therapeutic gymnastics is done:

  • minimal load - it is from her begin the practice of therapeutic gymnastics. The load level increases gradually, it is determined only by a specialist;
  • dosage of exercises - the duration of gymnastics is determined individually. Must take into account the patient's state of health. Once a person begins to feel discomfort or pain, classes should stop. The next session starts again with a minimum load;
  • passive traction of the spine - if the spine is stretched, it should only be passive - performed by various exercises. Vis on the crossbar is strictly prohibited;
  • lack of exercises to improve the flexibility of the spine - a set of exercises should not include manipulations involving vertical rotation of the spine, such exercises can harm, aggravate the condition.

The basic complex of exercises

Types of therapeutic gymnastics

There are two categories of gymnastic exercises that are used to correct posture:

  • symmetrical - they are not intended for targeted straightening of the spine, but are great for strengthening the back muscles, preventing the development of scoliosis;
  • asymmetric - performed for the purpose of treating scoliosis, are selected only on an individual basis, depending on the degree and shape of the curvature. Such exercises make it possible to exert a purposeful influence on the spine and the surrounding muscles, to straighten the posture, to prevent the progression of scoliosis.

Regardless of the category of exercises, only a qualified specialist can select them. Only in this case therapeutic gymnastics will have the desired effectiveness.

Video - Therapeutic gymnastics for scoliosis

med-shkola.ru

The disease of scoliosis is caused by the appearance of a pathological bending of the spine in the left or right side. At the initial stages, the disease is almost asymptomatic. With an increase in the curvature of the vertebral column, there are pains in the back. The deformation of the spinal column is determined visually, in the more severe course of the disease, the thorax also deforms. There are irregularities in the work of internal organs. Treatment of this ailment can be conservative or operative. In the early stages of pathology only conservative treatment is used. In such a situation, therapeutic gymnastics in scoliosis becomes the basis of a medical procedure.

Why is the appointment of exercise therapy necessary?

Scoliosis is characterized not only by changes from the spine, but also by the muscles of the back and trunk. When the vertebral column is curved, the muscles on one side of the thorax are stretched, and on the other hand they are compressed, therefore, they are in a state of constant tension. It is the gymnastics for the spine in scoliosis that helps to redistribute the load evenly on all muscle groups and strengthen them. Thus, a kind of muscular frame is created, which is capable of giving the spine the correct location. It should be noted that physical exercises do not always restore the correct position of the body, but can stop the pathological process.

How is the complex curative gymnastics prescribed?

Before the gymnastics is prescribed for scoliosis, it is necessary to put the correct diagnosis, establish the degree of spinal injury. For this, the patient is assigned radiography, a visual survey and an anamnesis are made. Based on the results of diagnostic studies, the final diagnosis is made. On its basis, the physiotherapist develops an individual set of exercises.

Depending on the degree of severity of the pathological process, the gymnastics for the back in scoliosis solves the following problems:

  1. The general physical and psychological state of the patient's health improves.
  2. The developed set of exercises should stimulate muscular activity, strengthen weakened muscle groups, increase their strength endurance. That is, to create a framework of muscle tissue that can hold the spine in anatomical position.
  3. In the process of training, the correct posture is formed.
  4. Stimulates the heart and lungs.

What is contraindicated in the treatment of scoliosis with the help of physiotherapy?

I would like to emphasize that a set of exercises should appoint a medical professional, who specializes in the field of exercise therapy. It is inadmissible to engage in self-medication. Incorrectly selected and performed exercises can lead only to deterioration of the patient's condition.

On the Internet, there are many videos with different sets of exercises, before using them consult a doctor. It must be remembered that in this disease the following exercises are contraindicated:

  • any jumps;
  • it is inadmissible to use any heavy objects during exercises of exercise therapy;
  • exercises aimed at stretching the spine practically do not use, but if appointed, they are carried out only under the supervision of a doctor;
  • gymnastic exercises for the development of flexibility;
  • running.

Exercises at the initial stage of the process

Exercises for strengthening the muscles

With scoliosis of the 1st degree, the complex of exercises of physiotherapy exercises is the basis of the therapeutic process. Correctly selected physical exercises will not only strengthen muscles, correct posture, but also raise the general tone of the body. It must be borne in mind that the load must grow gradually. Otherwise, you can get a worse state of the disease.

Basically, a set of symmetrical movements is assigned. It is aimed at strengthening and stimulating weakened muscles. There is an adjustment of posture. At this stage of the pathological process, it is permissible to prescribe exercises for stretching the spinal column. They are conducted under the supervision of a doctor in a standing position and lying on his back, on an inclined surface. Gymnastics for scoliosis in children at this stage of the disease for traction is not prescribed in cases of severe muscle weakness and mobility of the spinal column.

Gymnastic exercises with 2 degrees of scoliosis

Gymnastics in scoliosis under the supervision of specialist

With scoliosis of 2 degrees, as well as at 1 degree, gymnastic exercises are the main component of the therapy. The requirements for the methodology of the treatment complex complex are similar to those discussed above. The first session is conducted by a physiotherapist. He teaches how to properly perform gymnastic and breathing exercises. Therapeutic gymnastics in scoliosis of the 2nd degree provides for an unequal load on the symmetrical parts of the musculature. If the muscles are weakened, then exercises are used to stimulate the build-up of strength. If the muscle groups are strong enough - they just keep in a tone. Thus, a muscular corset is created, which is able to return the spinal column to a physiological position.

Gymnastic exercises are held at a leisurely pace. The sharp load is not permissible. Training on stretching is practically not used. In extreme cases only passive traction is permissible. Exercise aimed at stimulating the flexibility of the body in the complex is not included, since they can lead to a worsening of the patient's condition.

Is it expedient to prescribe curative physical culture in case of scoliosis with stage 3 disease?

Performing the exercises lying

Gymnastics in grade 3 scoliosis is not the basic medical procedure. At this stage of the disease, it is more appropriate to prescribe physiotherapy procedures or various types of massage. The use of exercise therapy and the selection of exercises in this case should be very cautious. This is due to the fact that an inadequately designed set of exercises with a high probability will lead to the progression of the disease.

When developing and selecting exercises, it is necessary to take into account that at this stage of the pathological process, the physical loads must be sufficiently weak. To fulfill this condition, gymnastics should be carried out on the floor from asymmetrical positions.

Is it prescribed for exercise in a more severe disease?

At once we will make a reservation, that at 4 degrees of a scoliosis treatment is successfully spent only by a method of operative intervention. Only this way and not otherwise can you overcome the ailment. And is therapeutic exercise prescribed? Yes, but it is of an auxiliary nature.

At this stage of the disease, in addition to musculoskeletal changes, the work of many organs and systems is disrupted. Therefore, gymnastics for scoliosis in adults is aimed at helping the heart, lungs, and the gastrointestinal tract. LFK is also appointed a few months before surgery. For this, a complex of gymnastics is developed, which relaxes the muscular corset.

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Scoliosis Fighter( Gymnastics Schroth) Part 6

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