Osteoarthritis of the knee

Scheme of effective treatment of arthrosis of the knee

Arthrosis is a disease of the body, expressed in inflammation of the joints. The occurrence of arthrosis is associated with excess weight and insufficient supply of cartilaginous tissue, as well as with low mobility. With arthrosis of the knee joint, there is a crunch, pain, knees stop bending. This is an extreme, catastrophic stage of the disease. Before its occurrence for a long time, the initial stage of the disease is observed, when the knees partially lose mobility, ache and begin to crackle. The earlier the treatment is started, the greater the result can be achieved. In the early stages of the disease, complete recovery can be achieved, at later stages - only support the body and joints, postpone the time of their destruction.

Effective treatment of arthrosis is achieved by two directed actions:

  • blocking the further spread of inflammation;
  • treatment of existing degradation changes.

Let's consider in more detail, what medical measures promote articular treatment.

Methods for the treatment of arthrosis

The knee joint has the property of accumulating deposits inside itself, forming salt outgrowths in the presence of stagnation of internal fluids. The more active a person leads, the less he has the risk of arthrosis of knee joints. Preventative measures consist of daily walking, not fast running( jogging), feasible sports, active outdoor games. To treat the disease after its manifestation is more difficult than to prevent its development by preventive measures.

If pain and immobility have already appeared, the disease requires immediate treatment and normalization of lifestyle. Consultations of specialists confirm the fact of necessity of actions in two directions: changing the way of life and medicinal effect.

Treatment of arthrosis is a long process, delaying indefinitely and not always guaranteeing the result. Osteoarthritis of the knee joints is often accompanied by destructive changes in the joint. Often, treatment can relieve pain and partially restore knee mobility, but when exposed to adverse factors, exacerbation of arthrosis occurs. This not completely cured disease is called chronic. Virtually all types of arthrosis of various joints( knee, hip) represent chronic diseases.

Treating knee arthrosis with medicines is better than cleaning up the disease with a surgical procedure.

Osteoarthritis of the knee joint: what is better to treat?

The method of treatment by surgical intervention is used for the complete destruction of the joint, its dysfunctionality. In such cases, the patient's joint is replaced with a metal prosthesis.

Official and traditional medicine offers its own treatment methods. Pharmaceutical preparations used for inflammation of the knee joints have a purposeful action:

  • to remove inflammation;
  • anesthetize;
  • is saturated with chondroitin( to restore cartilage);
  • to remove the spasm of the vessels of the legs( for the normalization of blood circulation).

Knee joint diseases: treatment by a natural pharmacy

Treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint folk remedies often gives a more noticeable effect than the use of finished medicines.

Arthrosis of the knee joint articulations in folk medicine is treated by various means of plant natural origin: herbs, seeds, leaves, fruits, beekeeping products, natural minerals. The three whales on which the success of the treatment of arthrosis are based are: excretion( slags), nutrition( necessary substances) and motor activity( for normalization of blood circulation).

Activities to increase motor activity are introduced into the regime when the patient is able to perform them( after relieving the pain and returning the available mobility).It is better not to delay with the introduction of available physical exercises and walks, they enhance the effectiveness of treatment. Saturation of knee joints with vitamins, trace elements and other necessary substances ensures their ability to function( bend, unbend, withstand weight load).To restore cartilaginous tissue prescribed drugs containing chondroitin. Cleaning from existing deposits allows you to remove pain and restore mobility.

Method 1: treatment of knee arthrosis from the inside

Treatment from the inside involves the use and assimilation through the digestive tract of drugs that contribute to recovery. Such natural medicines and stimulants are mummies, raw vegetable and fruit juices and herbal teas.

The ingestion of freshly squeezed juices and mummies supplies the body with the necessary nutrients. In this case, the substances come in an assimilated form. Juices supply a lot of vitamins to the human body. The correct selection of the composition of fruits and vegetables in juice forms a set of elements that contribute to the prevention, treatment and recovery of knee joints. Effective treatment of arthrosis is achieved by drinking juice obtained from cranberries, beets and black radish.

Mumiye is a natural supplier to the body of a whole complex of useful substances:

  • macro- and microelements( about sixty, leading - potassium, calcium, magnesium and manganese);
  • amino acids( glycine, lysine, methionine);
  • fatty acids( oleic, linoleic);
  • organic acids( citric, tartaric, oxalic);
  • phospholipids;
  • vitamins.

Such a rich complex of substances provides anti-inflammatory and restoring effect, removes toxins and saturates with vital elements. Mumiye is a natural stimulant for the production of collagen, which forms the basis of connective tissue( bones, cartilage and tendons).Mummies eat 0.2 g in the morning on an empty stomach, 30 minutes before eating. It is better not to mix natural balsam with food, give it a full digestion in the gastrointestinal tract and effectively maintain the diseased organ or joint. Purified from sand and clay, the mummy can be purchased in a pharmacy in the form of tablets or packaged in sachets.

Among the herbs that contribute to the treatment of arthrosis, we distinguish eucalyptus, lobster and dandelions. Eucalyptus tea is used three times a day in the presence of significant inflammation and an ESR index of more than 14 units( in a blood test).Mokritsa is used to brew tea three times a day. Of dandelions, more often make alcohol tincture and use drops, diluting in a glass of water, once a day, in the morning.

Method 2: Knee joint treatment with compresses

Compresses allow the joint to absorb the necessary nutrients through the skin. As a rule, compresses have a resolving effect. Among the herbal preparations that improve the condition of arthrosis joint, there are burdock and birch buds.

The burdock wraps the diseased joint. For compress compress several( 5-10 pieces) of large leaves, knead them to isolate the juice, lightly heat( put a pot of hot water on top).After that, a stack of cooked mugs is applied to the diseased knee with a velvety( bottom) side. Cover with polyethylene and fix with a scarf, elastic bandage( not tight).

A similar treatment for the knee joint can be done with a compress made from snowdrop flowers, birch leaves and raw potatoes. To compress the potato tinder on a fine grater with the formation of gruel. It is better to take the smallest available grater, so that the size of the potato particles in the gruel is minimal. Requires a consistency of manga, from which raw potato juice is easily isolated. Before applying, grated potatoes are slightly heated on a water bath, the duration of heating should not be large, so that the potato particles do not turn black. Next, a warm gruel is laid on the diseased knee, covered with polyethylene and wrapped in a scarf.

Osteoarthritis in the initial stage can be treated with compresses from medical bile. To enhance the absorbency of the bile, ammonia, iodine and glycerin are added. The listed components are infused with bile within ten days and only after that they are used for compresses. Before wetting the tissue, the infusion liquid is poured into a glass container and heated in a water bath.

In the initial stage of arthrosis of the knee joints, a compress of crushed and steamed horseradish roots also helps.

Vinegar, alcohol, turpentine and camphor oil( 1 tablespoon) are placed in a glass and poured with melted internal fat( pork, beef).The mixture is mixed, preheated and impregnated with tissue for compression before use.

Method 3: Treatment of arthrosis with

By massaging the skin over the diseased organ or in the area of ​​its response, the blood flow increases. Normal blood flow is the basis for the successful cure of inflammation. With the flow of blood, food comes and slag ballast leaves. Strengthen the effectiveness of massage can be using additives in massage oil. Cleanser exhibits an effective effect on articular inflammation. The technology of making massage oil with celandine is as follows: freshly cut leaves and stems of celandine are placed in a dark glass container( a bottle or jar), poured with vegetable oil and insisted for two weeks. Then filter and use as an oil for massage and kneading.

Relieve the joint condition and achieve recovery by alcohol rubbing. Tincture for rubbing contains not only alcohol, its action is enhanced by the addition of medicinal plants: dandelion flowers, stems and roots of the saber( the second name is the joint).To prepare the tincture used dark glassware with a tight lid. Time of insisting from two weeks to a month. Dandelions fill the entire bottle, after which it is filled with vodka. Sabelnik enough 50 g per 0.5 liter capacity.

Method 4: treatment with

rubbers. The knee joint can be treated with rubbers. They are made from various raw materials, which supply the necessary cartilage and nutrients to the cartilage tissue. Various creams of turpentine, internal fat, mummy, camphor are used in addition to yolk and vinegar, supplying collagen and microcells inside the cartilage cartilage.

Here are the recipes for the preparation of ointments, the most effective in the treatment of arthrosis.

  1. One yolk, one teaspoon turpentine and one teaspoon of vinegar are mixed until homogeneous.
  2. Honey( 100 g) and mummy( 100 g) are mixed in an enamel vessel with a wooden or stainless spoon( preferably wooden).Do not use an aluminum spoon to mix medicated preparations. Such a remedy is used if a person does not have an obvious allergy to beekeeping products. To rub the knee with honey ointment, spread hands with vegetable oil to prevent the sticking of honey on your hands.

Rubbing ointment is applied to the affected knee, slightly rubbed and wrapped with warm cloth. For wrapping it is better to use natural fabrics( a cotton bottom layer, for warming wrapped with a woolen scarf, a downy shawl).Heat promotes better penetration of active substances into internal tissues, increased blood circulation, which, in turn, accelerates the supply of nutrients and the removal of waste and salts. Such procedures, accompanied by a warm wrapping, are performed at night, leaving an ointment to soak up and affect the entire time of night sleep( about 8 hours).In the morning, the remnants of the ointment are washed off or wiped with a damp towel. The lower cotton fabric after night wrapping contains toxins that have come out of the diseased knee. Therefore, for the next wrapping it must be rinsed and dried.

Method 5:

pull-out massages Performed using honey. Natural honey is applied to the knee joint. After that, the knee is slightly pressed with fingers and palms, and lift them. During pressing, honey sticks to the hands, while raising hands, the knee skin slightly stretches behind the fingers and palms. The sticking and tearing of the hands to the skin is a kind of massage, during which a part of the unhealthy deposits accumulated inside the joint is stretched to the surface of the skin. It is these toxic deposits that form the inactivity and growth of salt deposits, cause pain. The duration of such a massage is 10-15 minutes, after which the remnants of honey are thoroughly washed off. Available on the skin of honey residues contain a large amount of slag substances, so they must be carefully washed off or wiped to prevent re-absorption. After the stretching massage, the knee wraps in a natural woolen fabric, this enhances the efficiency of excretion, since the processes of releasing the joint from the slags continue in the warmth.

Method 6: clay compresses, baths with essential oils

Clay has a natural ability to purify the environment in which it is located. To clean joints, it is applied as a mask and left to dry. It is important to know that after drying, the clay must be removed( stripped, washed off).Do not leave a dry clay on the body, because the ballast harmful substances stretched into it can diffuse back through the skin to the internal tissues. In severe cases, several clay masks can be applied sequentially. After the first layer of clay dries, it is washed off and the second layer is applied, then the next third.

Baths with essential oils in the treatment of knee joints are rather an anesthetic method than a remedy. The addition of oils slightly strengthens the anti-inflammatory effect. The traditional scheme of treatment of arthrosis uses for anesthesia eucalyptus, mammoth, calendic ether.

To treat the joint successfully, it is necessary to understand the nature of the disease and the effect of various substances on the cartilaginous articular tissue. The scheme of treatment of the knee joint includes a complex effect on the diseased joint with various drugs that supply anti-inflammatory and reducing substances to the cartilaginous tissue.

artrozmed.ru

What drugs are used to treat arthrosis of the knee joint?

What is arthrosis of the knee joint?

Osteoarthritis of the knee joint( or, as it is also called, gonarthrosis) is a disease of the knee joint, accompanied by pains, impaired motor functions and deformation of the cartilaginous tissue of the knee joints. Usually it appears in people of an age prone to fattening - and women suffer from gonarthrosis more often than men. It is accepted to divide this disease on a stage, each of which intensifies and complicates the coping and treatment of the disease.

Osteoarthritis of the knee joint, treatment and preparations for which it is necessary to select with the mind is a disease, a frequent problem now, especially in the elderly. The first stage of arthrosis of the knee joints is almost not detected by ordinary residents, since the pain is episodic, not particularly strong, joint deformities do not occur. It can last very long - from several months to several years in a row. Usually, pains persecute people after the beginning of active activity, in the process of heavy physical labor and some time after it, after which they disappear to the following significant loads.

Sometimes this is accompanied by a so-called Baker cyst - an abnormal accumulation of articular fluid in the back of the knee. She usually descends after taking a course of anti-inflammatory drugs - to operate Baker's cyst in any case is not worth it, since it is not associated with oncological diseases.

The second stage is much heavier. The pains appear at the beginning of walking, the joints begin to crack painfully and click, the leg with difficulties bends at an angle of less than 90 degrees. A person with the second stage of gonarthrosis becomes difficult to get up on his feet, many types of physical activity become inaccessible: the pains become too strong. Abnormal accumulation of articular fluid manifests itself in more than half the cases. There is an initial deformation of the osseous cartilaginous tissues of the knee joints, they are "flattened", becoming wider.

Osteoarthrosis

The third stage is the most severe for a patient with gonarthrosis. Pain in the knees does not recede for a minute, even at rest it is difficult to find a position in which it would become tolerable. The knee can not be bent at an angle of less than 90 degrees and it is very painful to straighten the leg completely. The bones and cartilages of the knee joint are subject to noticeable erosion, and physical loads are simply impossible. This is truly the end of a healthy human life.

How to deal with arthrosis of the knee joints and is there any means to treat it?

The first thing you need to remember a person who showed signs of at least the first stage of gonarthrosis is to consult a specialist in the nearest hospital. It is necessary to avoid excessive loads on the affected joints, to lose excess weight to facilitate walking and functioning of the lower extremities. Also, knee joint injuries should not be tolerated - they significantly increase the risk of arthrosis symptoms.

If you are already exposed to later stages of this unpleasant illness, then it must be treated. Fortunately, this is possible.

First of all, under the strict supervision of your doctor, you need to buy NSAIDs( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for arthrosis).They will stop the spread of excess articular fluid, remove possible edema and reduce pain when working joints. It should be remembered that this is only the beginning of treatment, the removal of only some of the symptoms, and not the very cause of gonarthrosis. Do not be deceived - it is still very far from the true cure.

It is also necessary to take chondroprotektorov - drugs that help the body to repair damaged cartilage tissue and eliminate the effects of joint deformation. Unfortunately, they work slowly and can not be cured for a cure - at the third stage of arthrosis, when the cartilage is subjected to almost total entropy, these drugs will be powerless. However, the less that chondroprotectors can do is to stop the patient's condition, restore minor cartilage damage and normalize the production of articular fluid, restoring the necessary lubricating properties( which, of course, will prevent further deterioration of knee joints).

Ointments help to relieve pain

Do not forget about the presence of ointments and creams from pain in the joints and muscles. They, although they do not have any curative effect, quite well restore the circulatory system( especially - warming ointments), which contributes to the early restoration of the joint and the rehabilitation of the surrounding muscles. In general, treatment of gonarthrosis with ointments helps patients to relieve pain in their knees and accelerate the process of recovery - this should not be discounted, limited only to chondroprotectors and NSAIDs.

Like ointments, compresses are also used. Experts in this matter advise them much more than warming ointments: the effect of using compresses is similar, but much stronger and versatile. Of these medicines, medical bile, bischofite and dimexide are especially prominent.

We recommend reading: Osteoarthritis of the knee joint of the 1st degree

All these agents not only produce an external warming effect, but also are able to soak through the skin, acting directly on the disease center from the inside( unlike the advertised gels and ointments of all colors,external warming effect).When using any medicine, be sure to consult a specialist who is treating you.

Also have the right to life intraarticular injections. They differ in their types and uses and have the greatest number of restrictions to use and contraindications. Many modern doctors make the grossest mistakes in the use of these drugs, which is quite unfortunate for the patients.

The injections do not work all at once - between injections it is necessary to take a break in the area of ​​two weeks, and no more than five injections into one joint for the course of treatment. Hormonal injections relieve inflammatory processes without producing any other positive effects. Preparations with arthrosis on hyaluronic acid envelop the damaged joint surfaces, preventing further erosion of bone-cartilaginous tissues. Unfortunately, for all its high efficiency, hyaluronic injections are very expensive;The treatment course will cost you no less than a thousand dollars. However, this is one of the most effective methods of treatment of gonarthrosis without surgical intervention.

Do not forget about manual therapy of knee joints. When treating the initial stages of arthrosis of the knee joints, it has a truly miraculous effect. Already after a small number of procedures, the overwhelming majority of patients feel tremendous relief and improvement of the situation with the diseased knees. Experienced specialists of manual therapy raised to their feet a huge number of patients with gonarthrosis, which otherwise were subject to surgery.

Remember the benefits of using exercises of therapeutic gymnastics and the use in walking of walking walking sticks. Exercise individually, according to your situation and stage of the disease, after consulting with an experienced doctor. The walking stick should be chosen taking into account the distance from the floor to the wrist of your hand, stretched down. A cane is worn in the hand opposite the leg with a diseased knee joint( say, the left leg is susceptible to gonarthrosis, and in the right you wear a cane).At each step on a sick leg, transfer your center of gravity to the cane: this helps to reduce the load when walking.

What does this have to endure?

It is necessary to understand the danger of diseases of knee joints, including arthrosis. Preparations for the treatment of joint arthrosis should be chosen carefully, taking into account all the nuances. At the first signs of pain in the knees, try to find an experienced doctor who can give you the correct and effective instructions for the prevention of this problem. Remember: in the initial stages of gonarthrosis is much more treatable than late. If you want to live your life without pain and unnecessary complications, keep an eye on your health and the health of your knees.

MoyaSpina.ru

Straighten out with deforming arthrosis of the knee joint once and for all!

Pain in the knee disturbs many people and is a very common complaint with a doctor. There are many causes of pain. Deforming arthrosis of the knee joint is only one of the reasons for the appearance of pain in this area of ​​.Let's talk about it in more detail.

Causes and varieties of the disease

This disease is a noninflammatory lesion, in which the cartilage of the knee joint is destroyed over time, the knee itself deforms, and the volume of movement is significantly reduced. In knee arthrosis, there is another name - gonarthrosis. There are two main forms of gonarthrosis:
- primary, which arose as a consequence of a congenital defect in the knee joint;
- secondary, resulting from injuries or other illness.
Primary gonarthrosis begins to develop from childhood in connection with the incorrect formation of ligamentous apparatus and articular surfaces. The disease can appear already at a young age, because during walking on the joint is an excessive load, resulting in the appearance in it of degenerative changes.
A secondary form of knee arthrosis may occur due to various injuries. Arthritis-related knee arthrosis-related injuries include: leg fractures, bruises and dislocations of the knee joint, which are accompanied by damage to the cartilage and bone parts of the joint, as well as its ligamentous apparatus. Such types of arthrosis are post-traumatic.
The holistic structure of the knee is also impaired in the operation when the meniscus is removed. As a result of this surgical intervention, the joint wears out much faster.
When practicing sports, especially in professional sports, a very high load appears on the legs, which can also lead to injuries and, accordingly, arthrosis of the knee. The disease can be a consequence of excess weight, because in overweight people the weight of the body exerts a much greater pressure on the cartilaginous tissue of the knee joints.
With prolonged arthritis( inflammation of the joints), accompanied by the formation of fluid in the joint cavity, the appearance of arthrosis is possible, as complications of arthritis. The deposition of salts in the cavities of the knee joint due to impaired metabolism can also lead to arthrosis of the knee. This disease can develop and for other reasons, for example, with spasms of the leg muscles or vessels in any disease.
The transferred operations can provoke various kinds of pathological process, both bilateral, and one-sided( for example, to an arthrosis of the left knee).Unilateral acute arthrosis of the knee is most often the result of injuries or surgeries, and with obesity is more often bilateral.

Symptoms of arthrosis of the knee joint

With arthrosis of the knee degenerative processes develop gradually. In many cases, the first symptoms of the disease appear only after a few months( and even years) after its onset. However, even before the onset of obvious symptoms, there may be signs that there is something wrong with the knee. The patient can feel discomfort in the knee. At the initial stages of diagnosis of the disease is complicated by the fact that few of the patients with serious attitude to the perceived discomfort. However, when the diagnosis is made at an early stage, it is possible to slow down the development of the disease much more successfully.
Osteoarthritis of the knee most often affects women with excess weight at the age of 40 years. With varicose veins( taking into account the above factors) the likelihood that such a diagnosis will be raised at times.

Development of arthrosis

Gonoarthrosis develops in several stages.
The first stage often lasts a very long time: from several months to several years. Symptoms of the initial stage of the disease are as follows: periodic pain in the knee. Most often, attacks of pain occur immediately after lifting in the morning from bed, while descending and climbing the stairs. Diagnosis at this stage is more difficult than on subsequent ones, however, if it is possible to establish a correct diagnosis, further treatment will be easier.
The second stage of the development of arthrosis of the knee is characterized by increased pain that occurs with any movement. The symptoms of this stage of the disease include not only pain, but also a characteristic crunch in the joints. The fluid can begin to accumulate in the joint cavity. On examination, you can see the following signs of the development of the disease: deformation begins to manifest, in the diseased knee, the volume of movements is noticeably reduced.
Symptoms of the third stage are much more pronounced in comparison with the first two. The pain does not pass even at rest, the illness worries the patient constantly. In many patients discomfort in the knees before the weather changes is amplified. At this stage, the functions of the knee joint have already been severely lost: the leg can hardly bend or not fully bend. External signs of this phase of the disease: a change in gait( "waddle" or on the half-bent legs), severe deformation of the knee( X-shaped or O-shaped curvature of the legs).
Posttraumatic types of arthrosis develop much faster, the symptoms become noticeable in less time. Because of injury, swelling and pain in the area of ​​the injured knee( left or right) occurs. Symptoms manifest themselves particularly clearly after physical exertion. In addition to pain, gradually there is a feeling of stiffness and tightness in the knee. In some cases, especially if proper diagnosis after the injury has not been carried out, deforming arthrosis of the knee joint can go into an irreversible stage in just a few months.

Prevention of arthrosis of the knee

From post-traumatic arthrosis, alas, one can not defend himself, nor can injuries be predicted. However, acquired gonoarthrosis can be avoided. Prevention is always easier than treatment. To prevent knee joint problems, you need:
- to eat in a balanced manner. Proteins, trace elements and vitamins should be present in the food in sufficient quantities.
- to lead a correct way of life and to try to get rid of bad habits.
- maintain the weight in the norm.
- so that physical activities are adequate.
- do not forget about the prevention of injuries when lifting heavy objects and playing sports.
If the diagnosis of "gonoarthrosis" is confirmed by doctors, the most important thing is not to start the disease. Otherwise, it can lead to disability. However, if the diagnosis is carried out on time, when the symptoms are still insignificant, with proper treatment and prevention it is possible to cure completely.

pozvonkoff.ru

All about knee arthrosis - causes, symptoms, treatment. ..

Pain in the knees is one of the most common human complaints that can not be ignored. Knee joints can be affected with quite serious diseases, with severe consequences, with lifelong preventive procedures and with limited mobility. For example, knee arthrosis. Do not know what this is? Then we will understand together: what does it mean, how it manifests itself, why it arises and how to cure the knee arthrosis? So, let's start:

Knee arthrosis is a destructive lesion of the knee joints, which leads to the destruction of articular cartilages, to the deformation of the knee itself and to the limitation of its mobility. In medicine, knee arthrosis is called gonarthrosis.

Causes of Knee Arthrosis

Knee arthrosis can occur for several reasons. Depending on the form of the disease, the following situations that affect the appearance of knee arthrosis:

  1. Primary arthrosis - the main cause is a congenital joint defect. This form of arthrosis occurs in children with the incorrect formation and development of the ligamentous apparatus or the surfaces of the joints.then leads to an overload of the joint and, as a consequence, to the degenerative processes in it.
  2. Secondary arthrosis - occurs due to other diseases and injuries, such as:

- arthritis( or inflammation of the joints) - often long-flowing arthritis leads to the formation of fluid in the joint cavity and to the occurrence of secondary arthrosis,

- trauma - dislocation, bruise of the knee, fracture of the bones of the lower extremities with damage to the ligamentous apparatus of the joint and its cartilaginous, bone parts;in this case, knee arthrosis is called posttraumatic,

- metabolic disorder - which leads to salt deposition,

- meniscus removal surgery - disrupts the integrity of the knee structure and provokes its rapid wear,

- other surgical interventions,

- excessive leg load whenexercise or because of excess body weight. ..

- a disease with prolonged spasms of vessels or leg muscles. ..

The most common knee arthrosis occurs in women aged 40 years and overweightand with varicose veins!

Knee arthrosis can develop both in one knee and in two at once, that is, it is one-sided or two-sided. For example, excess body weight is likely to affect the development of bilateral arthrosis, and trauma - to unilateral.

Symptoms of knee arthrosis

Knee arthrosis is characterized by a fairly long period of development, its initial stage can last as one year, and several years. At the same time, the disease does not manifest itself with severe symptoms, it does not cause severe pain, knee deformities. ...The only thing that can bother the patient, so it's easy discomfort in the knees, which occurs from time to time, and sometimes not at all noticeable.

In general, the knee arthrosis develops in three stages:

The initial stage of - as we have said, last for months, years. .. It manifests periodic pains in the knees. There is always a pain when climbing / descending the stairs, as well as when rising from bed in the morning.

The second stage of - pain intensifies, accompanied by a crunch, and is already felt in any movement, the articular cavity can contain liquid, the knee starts to deform, the volume of movements decreases.

The third stage of - painful sensations intensify, become durable and do not decrease even at rest of the knee. Deformity of knees is strongly pronounced, legs are bent in X or O-shaped. Joints do not perform their functions - the legs almost do not bend at the knees and do not fully extend to the end. The walk becomes either half-bent or waddling.

In this case, with post-traumatic knee arthrosis, signs develop much faster. The disease can develop in just a few months! First, the patient feels pain in the knee, there is some swelling. With physical exertion, pain intensifies, "stiffness", "tightness" of the knee appears. Well, then the disease is greatly progressing, also greatly deforming the legs and causing severe long-term pain.

How to treat knee arthrosis?

Treatment of knee arthrosis depends on two factors - the stage of the disease and the severity of the lesions. The main objectives of the treatment of arthrosis of the joints are to eliminate pain, in the restoration of the cartilaginous tissue, the ligamentous apparatus of the joint and in increasing the volume of movements of the affected knee. But the earlier you start the treatment of knee arthrosis, the better! After all, knee arthrosis is a chronic disease. If at the initial stages of development it is possible to eliminate its cause and completely cure the patient( to reduce body weight. ..), then in the 2-3 stages only remission, rest, with minimal manifestations of the disease is possible.

Various methods of treatment are used for the treatment of knee arthrosis. They are prescribed only by a doctor! !!The main of them:

  • drug treatment aimed at anesthetizing, on the removal of inflammation, on the activation of blood circulation in the affected joint and on the restoration of cartilage;
  • manual therapy, massage with knee arthrosis - to relieve pain, spasms, to correct the position of bones, increase mobility and increase blood flow in the affected area of ​​the joint;
  • physiotherapy, exercise therapy, therapeutic gymnastics;
  • surgical intervention, more precisely - prosthetics, replacement of a sick joint with a metal implant. The method is quite effective and provides full recovery, but there is one big "but" high price for the operation and limited rows of endoprosthesis operation, they require replacement;
  • use of orthopedic devices for unloading the affected knee - orthoses, canes. ..

In addition, there are folk methods of treatment, there are a lot of them. But here you can not do without a doctor - not all methods can be useful and safe! Than to treat a knee arthrosis, what national recipes, the doctor should advise!

Prevention of Knee Arthrosis

To prevent the development of arthrosis in the knee joint, the following preventive measures are recommended:

- correct way of life( less to sit at the computer, more movements, exercise, gymnastics. ..)

- no bad habits,

- balanced nutrition( vitamins,proteins. ..),

- normal body weight,

- prevention of injuries when lifting weights, in sports classes. ..

And, of course, the most important thing is not to run knee arthrosis! At the first symptoms, contact a specialist doctor and begin treatment! As they say, everything is in your hands! Be healthy!

pro-ortoped.ru

Osteoarthritis of the knee joint, its treatment, symptoms and diagnosis of the disease

When you sit down, you feel a crunch in the knee joint, and when you bend and unbend legs there is unbearable pain? You may have developed arthrosis of the knee joint, which should be treated immediately . After all, the earlier treatment is started, the more effective and favorable the outcome of the disease will be. In no case do not start the disease, with this disease prematurely wear out intraarticular cartilage.

Osteoarthritis of the knee joint or on its scientific name is also called gonarthrosis. This disease is more exact gonarthrosis from arthrosis lesions of the joints takes first place in the frequency of their occurrence. People with this disease constantly prevail in other patients visiting polyclinics. The treatment of the disease is a time-consuming task and an integrated approach is required, and not only the use of medications.

In the people this condition is also called "salt deposition". But in reality with arthrosis there may be calcifications( deposition of calcium salts) in the ligamentous apparatus of the knee, in soft tissues, in the places where tendons are attached, etc. But these manifestations of the deposition of calcium salts are limited and, as a rule, nothave independent clinical significance. In the foreground, arthrosis of the knee joint is degenerative-dystrophic processes in the hyaline cartilage that cover the condyles of the tibia and femur. The process of arthrosis begins with a violation of normal blood circulation in small bony vessels, because of which a change occurs in the cartilaginous tissue of the joint.

The first initial changes appear and develop at the molecular level in the cartilaginous tissues, as a result of which the hyaline cartilage changes gradually: the cartilaginous tissue becomes turbid in places, thinens, stratifies, and cracks develop in different directions. As a result, the pathological process can result in the complete disappearance of the cartilaginous tissue on a smaller or greater extent, and by exposing the underlying bone. Bone tissue responds to the death of the cartilaginous coating by sclerosis( condensation) of the subchondral zone, excessive bone overgrowth begins at the periphery( there are so called spines), joint deformations from here and the full name of the disease deforming arthrosis.

Symptoms of

According to statistics, women suffer from arthrosis of the knee joint several times more often than men. Usually the disease develops after 40 years, as a manifestation of age-related changes, or earlier, and for other reasons. These can be traumas, post-traumatic inflammatory processes, constant stresses due to the costs of the profession( for example, an agricultural worker, a football player).

The course of the disease is severe, in women with excess weight and those who suffer from varicose veins in parallel. The symptoms of arthrosis develop gradually and begin with a slight sensation of pain in the knee while walking. The patients note that it is difficult for them to go down or climb the stairs. Also very painful are the first steps after the transition from a sitting position. In a calm state, lying and sitting, these pains subsided.

Most people suffering from arthrosis of the knee joint complain of difficulty walking in the morning, immediately after sleep or after a long sitting. People say, "You divorce, it gets easier."Further, over time, arthrosis progresses. The pain becomes stubborn, constant, intense, the pain is more often localized on the inner side of the knee.

At the initial stage of the disease, the knee bone is not particularly deformed, but the joint swells, which is explained by the presence of synovitis( accumulation of pathological fluid in the knee).

In the next stage of the disease, after a certain period from the onset of the disease, the pain becomes more pronounced. They appear even from a small load. After rest, this pain ceases, but with repeated exercise again occurs.

Approximately at the same time, the crunch in the knees during the movement joins. Accordingly, with the progression of the disease, this crunch also becomes more and more pronounced. The second stage of gonarthrosis is characterized by a decrease in a person's ability to flex normally into the knee joint.

The transition to the third stage of gonarthrosis is indicated by the intensification of pain, which occurs even in a state of rest. It is difficult for a person to lie in bed comfortably, besides, there is often another symptom that is associated with a circulatory disturbance. In this case, the patient complains that he "twists" the joint. Naturally, at this stage the mobility of the joint is reduced to a minimum. A person goes all the time on several bent legs, knee joints are deformed, and the gait becomes sometimes unstable.

Treatment of

Treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint is a difficult task. Treatment can be both conservative and operative, the latter course it is better to conduct the last. The basis of conservative treatment is rest and unloading of the affected joint. If these conditions are not met, then any conservative treatment will be ineffective .

In the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint, all possible negative factors( excess weight, physical exertion) should be eliminated, physiotherapy procedures( UHF, electrophoresis) will also be superfluous. With the aim of treating inflammatory processes and pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed. Also, injections of hormonal drugs, such as cortisol, into the joint itself are possible.

Hyaluronic acid injections are used to replace the joint fluid. This reduces the manifestation of symptoms and slows the progression of arthrosis. Appoint also chondroprotectors, which improve the processes of metabolism in the cartilage, preventing its destruction. In severe disease, resort to surgical intervention( osteotomy, total and partial endoprosthetics).

If you have tried all these therapies, and the effect is not enough for you, you can try alternative methods, such as acupuncture, acupressure, special phytopreparations( naturally prescribed by a doctor).In general, the treatment of arthrosis should be comprehensive and with an individual approach. In the complex treatment of the disease, therapeutic gymnastics positively influences. And also various folk compresses on the affected joint.

The medicamentous treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint, despite its wide application, has a very small role. The solution of the problem of arthrosis to a certain extent depends on the prevention of arthrosis. Reasonable combination of leisure and work, active lifestyle, allows you to maintain the tone of the muscular and vascular systems for many years, to follow the body weight, timely seeking medical help at the first suspicions of the disease - these are the factors to prevent the development of this disease.

Diagnosis

When examining the knee joint in the initial stages of the disease, there are no external changes. Further during the disease, you can see the deformation of the knee - these are rough contours of the knee joint, contracture( incomplete flexion and extension) and curvature of the shank axis, usually inside the .If you put your palm on the front surface of the knee joint, then when you bend and unbend, the examiner can feel a crunch in the knee joint of varying intensity and duration.

Often, an effusion accumulates in the joint cavity - this means joining the synovitis. With synovitis, the smoothness of the contours of the knee joint affected by arthrosis is determined by swelling and protrusion of the tissues.

Synovitis testifies to the complication of arthrosis of the knee joint with aseptic inflammation and then one can speak of "arthrosis-arthritis".The temperature, as a rule, does not increase at the same time.

Patients with synovitis joining are subjectively defined as a new sensation of severity in the joint, which interferes with flexion of the knee joint. Diagnosis of arthrosis of the knee joint is apparently not very complicated and is quite accessible. But in any case it is necessary to conduct an x-ray study. Radiography specifies and confirms the diagnosis, establishes the degree of dystrophic changes and allows you to monitor the dynamics of the disease for a long time, as well as X-ray examination is necessary to exclude other diseases of the knee joints.

It should be noted that not all those who have been examined have symptoms of arthrosis of the knee joint. From this it is necessary to draw a conclusion that between age estates and arthrosis of the knee joint it is not necessary to put an equal sign. Only a combination of x-ray and clinical signs should determine the diagnosis of gonarthrosis, arthrosis of the knee joint.

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The causes of arthrosis

Unequivocally it is impossible to name the reason and prevent arthrosis of the knee joint, but knowing what can lead to the formation of the disease you can try to avoid them or at least start treatment in time. Species that are secreted with arthrosis are divided into:

- The primary form of arthrosis is , it appears in a person at birth, due to defects in the knee joint. To develop such arthrosis begins in childhood , in some cases in adolescence. It occurs because of the incorrect development of the surfaces of the joints or ligaments, which subsequently leads to degenerative changes.

- is a secondary form of arthrosis - , it occurs due to injuries or diseases.

The causes of arthrosis of the knee joint in the second form of the disease can be the following:

  • Meniscus removal operations - contribute to the rapid wear of the knee;
  • Bone fractures, dislocation, or any other knee injury that results in damage to the cartilaginous or osseous bases of the knee;
  • An immeasurable load on the knee joint area is especially common in athletes;
  • To provoke arthrosis can inflammation of the joints - arthritis;
  • Excess weight also contributes to the appearance of the disease, because of the excessive burden on the ligamentous and articular apparatus;
  • Incorrect metabolism leads to accumulation of salts in knee joints;
  • Any knee surgery can also cause arthrosis;
  • Other diseases can affect the formation, which were accompanied by contraction of the muscles of the vessels or legs.

Whatever the types of knee arthrosis, the process can lead to the formation of unilateral or bilateral arthrosis. Injuries most often lead to unilateral arthrosis, but obesity can contribute to the formation of bilateral. If any kind is not treated, arthrosis of the knee joint can be formed, is a developed form of the disease.

Symptoms of arthrosis

Arthrosis of the knee joint can form after several years or months, as it develops gradually and no visible symptoms are immediately observed, however, unusual sensations and discomfort in the knees may arise. The disease is mainly women after forty, subject to varicose veins and obesity. Osteoarthritis has four stages of development:

1 degree - does not cause severe pain and is practically not manifested, if not started treatment, the disease will progress, it will worsen the motor ability of a person.

2nd degree - there are pains while walking, but they can not stop even at rest.

3 degree - during the course of this degree a person begins to feel severe pain, almost unbearable. Pain fetters and immobilizes the patient, mainly this stage is common in the elderly. In these cases, surgical intervention is performed, sometimes the knee joint has to be replaced.

4 degree - The latest stage, when the cartilage tissue is completely destroyed, one way is to perform a surgical treatment of .

The main symptoms of arthrosis of the knee joint are accompanied not only by pain, but also by swelling, especially those signs can be intensified after physical exertion. Stiffness of movements also forms, absence of treatment leads to non-recoverable processes.

Treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint

It does not matter what degree of arthrosis the knee joint is prone, it needs to be treated, the faster, the better for the general condition of a person. Any signs of the disease should be examined by a doctor so that the patient does not subsequently develop a knee arthrosis deforming arthrosis, which can be cured by combining conservative treatment with a medical one.

At an early stage of the disease, doctors try to identify the cause of arthrosis and apply more sparing methods. People suffering from excess weight, it is recommended to choose a balanced diet for arthrosis of the knee joint, in order to save excess burden on the knees. In general, the actions are aimed at alleviating pain, restoring the cartilaginous structure, and increasing the musculoskeletal function.

Treatment is selected by according to the stage of progression of the disease , mainly used: medications, massage, manual therapy, surgery, physiotherapy exercises. Drugs include various anti-inflammatory, analgesic tablets and ointments. The medicine is selected strictly by a doctor, you can not trust advertising and your own intuition. It may also require injections aimed at eliminating pain and inflammation.

Massage and manual therapy procedures help to reduce pain, relax the muscles of the knee joint, restore blood circulation, increase the motor system. In the event that the cartilage of the knees is destroyed, then prosthetics are carried out, the replacement of the joints with implants. But this method is very expensive and not so common. After the treatment, daily special exercises are required. Complex treatment, which includes therapeutic procedures, physical education, massage, ointments and manual therapy will normalize the functionality of the knee joint and facilitate the patient's condition.

Dietary nutrition for arthrosis

For arthrosis, in addition to all other medical procedures of , it is necessary to follow the power supply of .It should be balanced, useful and include only a healthy diet. At the time when the body recovers, it is necessary to consume as much as possible of vitamin products rich in calcium, magnesium, iron, vitamin A, B, C and D. It is necessary to exclude harmful foods, for example coffee, heavily salted foods, carbonated drinks, alcohol, allthese products wash out calcium from bones.

Diet for arthrosis of the knee is especially necessary for people with excess weight. Meals should be five times a day, during a snack it is better to eat vegetables and fruits, and a day you should drink at least 2 liters. In the diet also need to include broths, jelly, jelly, foods rich in protein: cheese, sour cream and other dairy products. People with excess weight are recommended to choose skim milk products.

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