Neck muscle spasm - Spasms( convulsions)
Neck muscle spasm: symptoms
Muscular neck spasm is a fairly widespread problem caused by a large number of muscle fibers in the cervical spine and their relatively high mobility.
This pathology manifests itself in the form of pain in the neck and neck, which has its own provoking factors, it is possible to give pain to the shoulder and hands. Sometimes there is numbness, weakness of the muscles, paresthesia of the upper extremities.
There are possible palpation of painful points and areas of local muscular tension during neurologic examination, detection of limitations in motor activity, changes in muscle tone and strength.
Analyzes performed in laboratory conditions, as a rule, have no diagnostic value, if we are not talking about infectious diseases caused by a violation of the electrolytic balance or the balance of microelements.
Spasm of the neck muscles: causes of
Doctors still do not know the cause of muscular spasms of the cervical spine, but, nevertheless, factors are identified to that having. These include:
- traumatic injuries in which the muscle reacts with spasm to pain;
- prolonged, static, impact on muscle tissue, for example, as a result of working at a computer;
- the impact of stress on the psyche;
- pinched nerves, obtained as a result of unsuccessful movements, the so-called chamber;
is a deficiency of magnesium and calcium in the body.
Prevention of muscle spasms and their subsequent treatment begin by determining the cause that caused this disorder.
Nasal neck muscle spasm
Nervous muscle neck tension is an involuntary contraction of one muscle or muscle group, accompanied by acute aching pain. Muscle spasms can be permanent or temporary, suddenly manifest and just as suddenly stop. There may be a muscle spasm of the neck due to excessively sharp movements that provoke high pressure of the cervical spine, which leads to a violation of blood circulation and causes spasm of the neck muscles and severe pain in the cervical spine.
An excellent means of relieving nervous stress is meditation and auto-training. Such a maximally complete relaxation, produced in a comfortable posture in complete silence, helps to restore the body and help, when carrying out from ten to twenty sessions for fifteen minutes each, to calm the nervous system and feel incomparably better.
Spasm of the neck muscles against the background of osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis is the most common disease that is accompanied by chronic pain in the muscles of the back, discomfort, and the state of muscle fatigue. Cervical osteochondrosis can have various neurological manifestations in the form of headache, loss of muscle sensitivity, paresthesia of the occiput and below it. It can manifest as "runnin 'creepy," stitching in the suboccipital region. With spasm of the lower oblique cervical muscle, there is a very strong throbbing scalp pain in the so-called "helmet removal" area, visual disturbances, dizziness.
Treatment of osteochondrosis, taking place against a background of cramps spasm, involves some difficulties. This is due to the fact that standard anti-inflammatory drugs do not bring the expected effect and do not relieve the headache. Some improvement can bring vascular drugs, however, only until the next load on the muscles of the cervical spine.
Neck muscle spasm: treatment of
Treatment of spasm of the neck muscles is largely determined by the cause, this spasm caused. In the event that the cause of muscle spasm lies not in neurological pathology but in muscle overstrain for a long time, muscle spasm is easily removed by the most usual gymnastics - head inclinations in different directions and its rotations.
A wide range of methods of physiotherapy helps to relieve muscle spasms of the neck.
Effective use of sinusoidal and diadynamic currents. It is well assisted by electrophoresis with a variety of medicinal products, as well as magnets.
Also muscular spasm is effectively removed by massage, acupuncture and manual therapy. All these methods not only help to relax the neck muscles, but also improve their blood supply.
How to relieve spasm of neck muscles?
Every day, the number of methodical recommendations increases, allowing quickly and in advance to remove muscular spasm of the cervical spine. It is allowed to use medical means of treatment, as well as folk methods of getting rid of the problem. When there are spasms of the muscles of the neck, the main task is to eliminate excess muscle tension, get rid of pain and bring the blood supply system to a normal state.
In the removal of spasm of the muscles of the neck, the usual exercises used for warm-up - the turn of the head to the right and left, the inclinations of the forward-back, the rotation in a circle - are very helpful. It will be more competent to implement the approaches in turn, four times in each direction.
Also, with the removal of spasms of the muscles of the neck, massages help well, they help to eliminate the load from the muscles, restore muscle tone and blood circulation. You can also self-massage, if for some reason there is no desire to attend masseurs.
Types of neck spasms
Muscular neck spasms are one of the most common spasms and are observed most often in people sitting on a sitting job - at the computer at home or in the office, as well as those who exert stress on the neck and back. At a spasm there is a clamping of vessels and nerves, there is a disturbance of a circulation. As a result, there is often a headache, discomfort in the back and neck.
Spasm of deep neck muscles
With deep spasm of the neck muscles, the artery is compressed, as a result of which the blood supply to the head, limbs and the neck is disturbed. In this case, to relieve spasm, morning exercises and the effect of a contrast shower are good. Very effective massage, relaxing the neck and improving blood circulation in it. It is recommended to use balsam, which has menthol in its composition. When it is used, the body temperature rises and the tension muscles relax. A variety of herbs also well relieve spasm of the muscles of the neck: lavender, bergamot, valerian, chamomile, peppermint are recommended.
Spasm of the muscles of the neck and shoulders
When spasms in the shoulder and neck areas take place, both dull aching pain and sharp, shooting. This is determined by the word lumbago. Similar types of spasms appear with stretches, loads on unevenly heated muscles, often with simple inclines, lifting excess weights. Often there is a recoil of such cramps in the legs.
Physical exercises with spasms of this type are not effective, so you should look for other ways. The patient will be better helped by the state of rest, the use of non-steroid plan drugs, for several days relieving pain in the muscles. It is best to take such drugs in the form of injections, because in the form of ointments they do not show proper effectiveness.
Spasm of the trapezius neck muscle
When the spasm of the trapezius neck muscle is abnormal feeding of the brain, neck and facial muscles. There is development of osteochondrosis, the muscles of the shoulders become stiff and their kneading gives very painful sensations. On the back, at the level of the seventh cervical vertebra, a kind of "withers" is formed.
The similar spasm, as well as previous, is removed, massage, warm, warming baths. Well helps the use of warming up sprays, drugs that provide warming trapezius neck muscles.
Spasm of the muscles of the head and neck
The neck can be shot through a sudden rise in weight or sudden movement. Such a spasm, resulting from a sharp load, usually immediately gives pain in the head, although sometimes it happens that it manifests itself after a few days.
When compression of the neck muscles takes place, painful recoil occurs in other areas of the body. In this case, even turning the head is often given with difficulty. If in this case do not resort to the help of a doctor, cervical myositis may develop. Muscle spasm can develop in the area of the throat muscles, as a result of which the neck is twisted, and in the future a similar situation threatens the development of the intervertebral hernia. The attack of myositis can be triggered by the most ordinary draft.
Spasm of the muscles of the face and neck
Cramps of the muscles of the face and neck can be tonic and clonic. Tonic cramps are essentially a muscle spasm. Its appearance can be caused by monotonous movements or overstrain of the muscles of the neck and face, and also by hypothermia. Local convulsions in the above areas can occur as a result of the lesion of a specific area of the brain, which is responsible for the innervation of the muscles of these areas. In this case, spasms are manifested in the areas opposite to the lesions. General spasms of the muscles of the face and cervical spine arise as a result of epileptic seizures, the complexities of organism intoxication, the processes of infection and head injuries.
For the removal of spasms of the face and neck should be applied a comprehensive approach, namely:
- the use of medications. It is specifically recommended the use of anti-inflammatory and analgesics;
- the use of massage of the aforementioned areas of the neck and face contributes to the improvement of blood circulation;
- excellent effect gives a hot bath or warming compresses;
- magnetic therapy is very effective in eliminating spasms and eliminating painful sensations in the face and neck areas.
Spasm of back muscles: causes, symptoms, treatment
| For the full implementation of these important functions, the muscle tissue must be elastic and even. |
In a normal state, the muscles of a person become strained and relax evenly during movement.
But if there is a tension in the muscle fiber group or the whole muscle, and it will persist for a long time, it will affect the work of the whole organism. A similar state of muscle tissue called spasm .
It can be large or small, sometimes a person may not notice that some muscle group is constrained by tension.
In some cases, enough willpower to bring the tissue back to normal, others can not do without qualified medical care.
What is a muscle spasm
|Involuntary reduction of one or a whole group of muscles, accompanied by a sharp or prolonged aching pain, is called muscle spasm.|
This condition can be short-lived or last for a long time, in any case causing a person a strong discomfort.
Muscle spasm may occur periodically when tissue affects negative factors such as a draft or a sudden change in body position, or may be chronic. After healing of injuries, the muscles around the damaged area sometimes remain tense for years.
Spasms of striated or skeletal muscles can seriously impede movement. With the so-called "lumbago", the pain is so strong that the person is not able to move. Spasm of smooth muscles( bronchi, intestines, esophagus, vessel walls) leads to disruption of various functions of the affected organ.
The condition in which spasms are repeated often, are of a permanent nature and proceed in series, is called spasmism of .
Many different factors can lead to spasm of the back muscles.
The following are the main causes of this condition:
All kinds of injuriesWhen the muscle tissue or spine is damaged, pain inevitably arises.
In response, the muscles surrounding the affected or inflamed area are strained to isolate the injured area and prevent even more damage.
Spasmodic tissues in turn pinch the nerve fibers and blood vessels inside themselves, which intensifies the pain and leads to an even greater spasm and development of trigger syndrome.
In case of damage, the muscular-tonic syndrome occurs suddenly, it is quite sharp to lift a heavy object or turn unsuccessfully. In most cases, the cause of spasm are birth trauma.
Neck muscle spasm is a vivid example of such damage. Emerging in the child at the time of birth, he can exert his influence on human health throughout his life.
Osteochondrosis, hernia of intervertebral discs, curvature of the spine( kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis) are accompanied by painful spasms of muscles around the injured area.
The organism reflexively tries to limit the mobility of the weakened region of the spine, which leads to a long-term strain of the muscle tissue.
Prolonged muscular tensionProlonged static muscle tension occurs when a person maintains an uncomfortable or incorrect posture for a long time.
For example, when wearing a heavy bag on one shoulder or an incorrect landing of a student at a desk.
After some time, the braking process will begin in the strained muscles - the fibers get used to being in this state and try to maintain this state in the future.
A protective reaction to stress forces the human body to mobilize all its resources: the heart beats more often, digestion slows down, adrenaline and other stress hormones enter the bloodstream, and muscle tone also rises. This allows a person to adequately respond to the danger and avoid injuries.
When the irritating factor disappears, the body gradually returns to its usual state.
But if the stressful situation lasts too long or the emotional tension continues to persist - spasm of the back muscles can become chronic.
All muscle spasms can be divided into two main types:
Prolonged tension of the back muscles, their severe fatigue causes a tonic spasm. Office workers and schoolchildren are more prone to tonic cramps in the cervical spine as a result of being in the wrong posture at the table. Aching pains affect a large area of the back, but during an exacerbation a person can point to a certain pain point. The spasmodic muscle to the touch is firm, tense, when you press it, the pain intensifies.
Frequent changes in muscle tone. This state is manifested involuntary jerking of the muscles.Sometimes both spasms of both kinds begin. This condition is called tonic-clonic seizures .
Treatment ofSpasm of spinal muscles is characterized by acute pain resulting from compression of vessels and nerve endings, restriction of mobility, disruption of energy metabolism and nutrition of tissues.
At the first signs of the onset of a spasm, first of all needs to relax the muscles of the of the strained back area.
To do this, lie on a firm, level surface, put your feet on the dais. In this case, the back of the bed, a chair or a blanket folded into a cushion, placed under the knees, will fit. It is also desirable to put a towel folded several times under your head.
These simple actions will help relieve pain, reducing pressure on the affected muscle group.
If the spasm persists for a long time, medication can be started.
You should definitely consult a doctor as soon as possible if:
- The pain does not pass within three days and the muscles remain inactive.
- Muscular spasm of the neck or other back area is accompanied by tingling, numbness, or weakness.
Overview of medicinesThe most vivid manifestation of muscle spasm is severe pain caused by inflammatory processes and pressure on nerve endings.
As the first aid and relief of unpleasant and painful sensations it is necessary to take painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs :
- Muscle relaxants - universal remedies for local foci of spasmolytic pain and various types of cervicalgia( spread of pain to other parts of the body).If the cause of spasm was osteochondrosis, then spasmolytic drugs are indicated to be taken in conjunction with chondroprotectors to repair the damaged cartilage tissue.
- Admission ketorol , ketone and diclofenac quickly cures the arisen pain syndrome.
- Spazmalgon will help with pain accompanied by numbness and long-term muscle tension.
- For the treatment of spinal cord spasm, doctors prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) . Naproxen and Ibuprofen are the most common and available drugs of such a plan. But in acute condition can be prescribed the reception of more powerful drugs.
- In severe cases, the use of muscular relaxants is indicated. These drugs are prescribed at the initial stages of therapy and only for a short time.
The treatment of spasms of the back muscles by the surgical method is used for persistent pain and increasing muscle weakness or in case of a birth defect.
The period of complete rest during recovery from a severe spasm should not exceed three days. With complete immobility, the stagnation of blood flow and lymph in the affected tissues begins, which leads to an intensification of the inflammatory process.Anesthetics used in spinal cord spasms can have serious side effects. It is dangerous to take them for a long time.
Consult a specialist if pain persists for more than three days.
Do not take alcohol during drug treatment for muscle spasms!
Exercise and self-massagePain is the result of an experienced muscle spasm.
To get rid of unpleasant sensations, you need to eliminate the cause of their occurrence, namely, relieve the tension of the spasmed muscle group.
Massage has a wonderful relaxing effect. Kneading, vibration, stretching, deep pressure on the tissue affected by spasm is well used in combination with isometric stress.
Good effect is a light massage with a piece of ice. Slow rubbing with circular motions of the stressed muscle and exposure to cold within a few minutes will reduce pain. Reducing the temperature leads to a narrowing of the blood vessels, then they expand dramatically, helping the muscles to relax. Further smooth and slow massage movements contribute to the rapid restoration of blood circulation and the return to the muscles of their normal ability to relax and contract.
If the tension of the muscle group does not go away within three days is worth trying heat treatment .If the swelling is asleep and the pain is weakened, you can warm the damaged area to improve blood circulation in this area. The simplest way is to to wrap a sore spot with a towel moistened with hot water .On top, to keep heat in the compress, you need to put a plastic bag and a dry towel. This procedure is shown five times a day for twenty minutes.
Spasmodic muscles increase compression of the nerve roots and worsen the blood supply of intervertebral discs. Exercise for stretching, massage and self-massage, swimming( especially on the back or style breasts), exercises in the water will help people with osteochondrosis to cope with the manifestations of this disease.
Consequences of spasms
Spasms of the back muscles have many negative consequences. Below are examples of the most common ones:
- Spasm of the dorsal muscles first of all renders a negative influence on the spine of the , up to its curvature in especially serious cases. Moving, the vertebrae clamp the neurons out of the spinal cord, which can cause painful sensations in any organs. For example, a sharp pain in the chest is often associated with a pinched nerve rather than heart disease.
- Chronic muscle tension in the neck can cause permanent headaches .With the defeat of nerves that control the diameter of small blood vessels of the circulatory system, the flow of blood to the head worsens.
- The skin on the sore spot becomes dry and sluggish , as long-term muscle spasm provokes tissue contamination and blockage of blood vessels.
- Severe pain , accompanying spasm affect the mood, well-being and performance of a person. Often the patient loses for a few days the ability to move normally independently.
To avoid spasms of the spinal muscles, the should maintain the elasticity and good muscle tone of the .For these purposes, swimming and stretching exercises are great. This is especially true for people leading a sedentary and sedentary lifestyle.
The use of alcohol and caffeine, as well as some stimulant medications, a lack of calcium and potassium in the body, can lead to the development of muscle spasms.
should be avoided to supercool , especially muscles that are in tension due to, for example, uncomfortable body position. They can react with a sharp reduction in the effects of cold and bring to a spasm.
|Spasm of the back muscles, in the absence of proper treatment, can bring significant harm to a person's health and worsen the quality of his life. To prevent and avoid the negative consequences of muscle strain, take preventive measures, keep your muscles in good condition and be healthy!|
Self-massage of the neck as a way to relieve muscle tension in the neck and shoulder straps |Health of the spine
Are your neck and shoulder straps tense and tight? Do you have neck and shoulder cramps? Try lightly pressing the back of the neck and the trapezoid muscles. Feel seals or a little discomfort?
If the answer is yes, then probably you also have muscle strains in this area.
What can cause spasms of the neck muscles.
Long-term muscle tension leads to: deterioration of metabolic processes( metabolism), hypoxia( oxygen starvation) and changes in trophism( cellular nutrition) of muscle sites.
Therefore, such muscle spasms are one of the causes of the occurrence: headaches, neck pain, stiffness of movements and, of course, osteochondrosis.
Stresses in the neck with osteochondrosis.
The same soreness and spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles can be associated with manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis.
Local muscular spasms in cervical osteochondrosis occur in the muscles of the neck and shoulder girdle( in trapezius, supraclavicular, sternocleidomastoid, deltoid, etc.)
self-massage will help you.
You already know one way to relieve excess tension in the neck and shoulder straps.
Another thing that you can do for yourself for the cervical spine is a light self-massage.
Massage has a mechanical and reflex influence on the promotion of lymph and blood, various types of metabolism, the tone of the vascular wall and muscles.
Regular massage of the collar zone will be a remarkable prevention of cervical osteochondrosis. And with osteochondrosis, massage improves blood and lymph circulation, reduces pain, and promotes early recovery of spine functions.
Tips for self-massage of the neck.
- Massage the neck with the upper tufts of the trapezius muscle( the shoulder).
- All movements from the top down along the neck and shoulder shoulders: from the hair to the shoulder joint.
- Massage the neck at the same time with both hands or alternately right and left.
- If you want to massage with one hand, you can also relax the trapezius muscles. To do this, one should use your hand, with the same name with the massaged side, to lean your elbow on the back of the chair, and tilt the body slightly toward the massaged area.
Techniques for self-massage of the neck.
- Firmly pressing your hands to the back of your neck, stroke it.
- Use finger pads to rub your neck in a circular motion( more intensively than with stroking).
- With pinching movements, grasp the muscles of the neck and shoulder pads( with your thumb on one side and the other four on the other), stretch your muscles and shift toward the four fingers.
- Slightly pat your neck and shoulders with your fingertips( while the hands are relaxed)
- Finish the massage by stroking.
Doctors recommend, daily, taking a free minute, doing self-massage of the neck area and performing simple gymnastic exercises.
These actions prevent the development of osteochondrosis and pain in the neck, and with the development of the pathological process, help to restore health relatively quickly, and then significantly strengthen it.
Using muscle relaxants in muscle spasms
Many diseases of the spine( osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, scoliosis, protrusion of the intervertebral disc. ..) not only bring discomfort, back pain, but also require timely treatment. As a rule, any vertebral disease can not do without dystrophic changes in the vertebrae, in which the muscular corset of the back experiences additional stress, muscle spasms appear and pains intensify. Therefore, in this situation, muscle relaxants are prescribed, which help to relieve muscle spasm and reduce the pain syndrome in the patient.
How to relieve muscle spasms?
It is with muscular spasms that the nerve fibers, blood vessels are squeezed, as a result of which blood flow in the muscles and internal organs, connected by energy exchange processes with them, is disturbed. Therefore, if you do not take medicine that relieves muscle spasm, you may experience intolerable pain and severe consequences.
To relieve tension in the muscle tissue, modern medicine uses muscle relaxants of central action.then drugs that have a direct effect on the central nervous system, and more specifically on the central nervous system, regulating muscle tone.
More effective and quick treatment of muscle spasm occurs with the help of muscle relaxants in combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics, massages, physiotherapy and exercise therapy. This treatment complex completely eliminates pain in the patient, restores the mobility of the affected spine and accelerates the recovery of the patient.
What are muscle relaxants used for osteochondrosis?
The action of muscle relaxants in vertebral diseases should not only ensure the removal of muscle spasms, but also do not suppress nerve impulses that retain posture and provide muscular support of the spinal column during human movements. In addition, this medication should be well tolerated with prolonged use: do not inhibit the patient's activity, ability to work and energy.
Since the treatment of the spine is a complex exercise using several medications, the use of muscle relaxants should be combined as much as possible with the rest of the medications and not cause side effects. To date, the safest and most effective miorelaxing drug is Midokalm. It has been used for half a century in many countries, continuing to be widely used today.
Meadokalm quickly removes muscle spasm in the neck, back, waist, in the hand. .., tone, severe pain. Its convalescing effect begins within an hour and a half hours after the administration of the drug. The patient begins to move freely, the work of the muscles normalizes, nervous tension, anxiety in the patient is removed. In addition, there is no muscle weakness in the patient and possible long-term use of the drug, as well as its use when driving a car. All this only speeds up the treatment, improves mood and sets the patient to recovery!
Like most medications, Midokalm also has its own contraindications: it can not be used by nursing mothers, pregnant women, newborns;people suffering from myasthenia gravis and people with individual intolerance or hypersensitivity to lidocaine! !!
As you can see, modern muscle relaxants are strong enough and effective drugs that not only eliminate the causes of pain - muscle spasms, but also perfectly fit into any treatment regimen! The main thing, do not forget that self-medication is unacceptable! All medicines should be prescribed by your doctor, after a complete examination and diagnosis of the disease! Be healthy!
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How quickly to remove a spasm of muscles of a neck and a back
Doctor Kostjuk shows simple, but effective exercises for fast removal of spasms of muscles of a neck. Exercises for the back for schoolchildren.
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