Correct massage for scoliosis
Spinal curvature disrupts posture, internal organs work, causes pain
One of the most common methods of treating scoliosis in people of any age is a back massage. Its effectiveness depends on the professionalism of the masseuse and the degree of development of the disease. As a rule, massage with scoliosis is used in conjunction with other methods of treatment, which include swimming, physiotherapy, special exercises on simulators, exercise therapy. Such manual therapy helps relieve tension and strengthen the muscles of the back by improving blood circulation in tissues. In order to understand how therapeutic massage works, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of the disease.
Scoliosis is the curvature of the spine in the side. It is believed that in the modern world, this disease affects almost every person. Associate this phenomenon with the fact that people do little physical labor, spend a lot of time in a fixed position and in the wrong posture. Television, computers, cars have become an integral part of human life, taking away the most valuable for health - movement.
But experienced doctors and scientists disagree with this. They refer this disease to the peculiarities of the physiological development of a person, caused with genetic causes. It is also believed that scoliosis is any deviation from the correct position of the spine, characterized by pain symptoms. Often such deviations can be determined only after a special survey.
Types and forms of curvature
To ensure that the patient has scoliosis, a routine radiographic examination is used. Radiography also reveals the degree of curvature. Curvature of the 1st degree is a deviation away from the direct axis of the spinal column by 1-10 °, the 2nd degree by 11-25 °, the 3rd degree by 26-50 °.
Degrees of development of the spine disease
There are 3 types of the disease.
- Functional scoliosis is the development of curvature due to other health problems such as dysplasia( different leg lengths), spasms in the back muscles and the like.
- Neuromuscular scoliosis is the appearance of curvature due to the presence of various genetic diseases, congenital anomalies, in which the spine is incorrectly or not fully formed. These are such ailments as infantile cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy. For this type of disease is characterized by elongated C-shaped curvature, weakness of the muscular corset around the spine. This type of curvature of the back in scoliosis in a newborn is considered congenital and requires active treatment.
- Scoliosis is degenerative - a curvature caused by inflammatory processes in vertebral joints, weakness of ligaments and soft tissues of the spine against the background of the appearance of bone formations( osteophytes).This type of curvature can be found in people of different age groups.
What are the forms of curvature
There are different forms of curvature of the spine:
- C-shaped, having 1 arc of curvature;
- S-shaped - 2 arcs;
- Σ-shaped - 3 arcs of curvature.
According to the location of the curvature, scoliosis is divided into 5 varieties according to the departments of the spinal column: cervicothoracic, thoracic, thoracolumbar, lumbar, lumbosacral.
Scoliosis may appear due to a number of other diseases, such as osteoporosis, intervertebral disc disease, oncology. The cause of the development of the disease can be various injuries, including a fracture of the spine. With such serious violations and diseases, therapeutic massage is applied only during the rehabilitation period.
How to make a massage
To cure a scoliosis with a massage, you need to find a qualified specialist. At the same time, it is necessary to have the doctor's instructions indicating the degree and shape of the curvature of the spine. The specialist must see and understand which muscles are strained and which ones are relaxed. At a curvature of a backbone always there is a convex and concave part of a back. If one of them is tense, then the other is relaxed.
It is very good to periodically diagnose muscle tension when performing therapeutic massage. This is due to the fact that the muscles with time strengthened or become less stressed. If one does the same manipulations all the time, it can provoke inflammation of one or another muscle. You should always pay attention to the sensations of the patient with a massage.
Therapeutic massage for scoliosis is carried from the legs to the top of the back. With each type of scoliosis, a special technique is used, aimed at correcting this or that part of the back. Each procedure begins with stroking. With a C-shaped curvature in the thoracic area, therapeutic massage is first done on the concave side, and then goes over to the convex side. Straightforward movements knead muscles located between the ribs.Circular movements are used for wide and long muscles. The trapezius muscle and cervical region are kneaded at the end. The intensity and duration of manipulation at each site should be the same. The purpose of the first session of therapeutic massage is maximum relaxation of the muscles, especially the convex part of the curvature of the spine and cervical region. The following sessions should be aimed at strengthening and stimulating the muscles of the concave part of the back. It is necessary to pay attention to relaxing the muscles of the chest for and strengthening - the abdomen.
With C-shaped curvature of the spine in the lumbar region, a therapeutic massage with squeezing techniques is used. Massage first the concave side of the back, then the convex one. Then, wide and long muscles are kneaded, after which they move to the intercostal muscles. The lumbar region is massaged with circular and rectilinear movements. Then go to the pelvic area, where they do the squeezing, knead the sacrum and the crest of the ilium. Near the end of the massage, they return to the convex part of the back, pressure is applied to it. In massage feet, from the hip and ending with the shin from 2 sides.
For S- and Σ-shaped curvatures of the spine, massage is performed using the same techniques as in the C-shaped bend. Particular attention is paid to the lumbar and thoracic parts of the back.
Massage at home in scoliosis in children
It is better for an adult to seek help from qualified specialists even at the 1 st degree of scoliosis, since with age, the recovery processes are more difficult. Different types of massage for scoliosis in children can be done at home. The fact that the child's body is very quickly restored.
Parents can massage themselves from a 1 degree curvature, but only under the supervision of the attending physician. To do this, you need to study medical literature, take massage courses for scoliosis. Video training can be included in each procedure to properly maintain the intensity of action and to orientate on time.
The child should talk about his feelings with these manipulations. Often, massage specialists can specifically do their work poorly to increase the number of sessions and earn more money. In such a situation, it is better to invest in training and to treat children with your own hands than to pay a lot of money to an outsider, whose services you can not be sure of.
A parent who himself does massage to his child, can at any time help him, if suddenly there is a pain syndrome. Thus, it is also possible to control the tactics of treating a doctor, which will facilitate a speedy recovery.
Photo: scoliosis 3( left) and 4( right) degree
Massage with scoliosis I - IV st.is carried out as follows:
- bends in the frontal region of the spine;
- the back is visually divided into squares;
- the technique of influence on vertebral muscles is chosen, considering the degree of curvature;
- massages the back, abdomen and chest area to strengthen the muscular corset.
It is carried out in 3 stages:
- Massage process( kneading, vibrations of various types, stretching, shearing, rubbing movements, percussion techniques).
- Relaxing stage( stroking, pressing and kneading methods).
Does manual therapy help in the treatment of scoliosis? Read in this article.
In scoliosis, the child is carried out according to a certain method:
- The child lies on the stomach. On the part of the thoracic department, the specialist performs relaxing movements( stroking, sedation and relaxing techniques).Then, rubbing and vibratory actions are performed in the zone of thoracic scoliosis, then - in the region of lumbar concavity.
- The child lies down on his left side. Here the masseur uses methods that allow you to pull the iliac crest on the right.
- The baby rolls over on the stomach. Massage continues in the lumbar region. Then, the subscapular zone is relaxed and stretched.
- The child lies on his back. The anterior thoracic surface is massaged.
- The massage session ends with strokes of the back and shoulder area.
Adelie Maksovna Chunts massage technique is very effective and widely used. Specially designed techniques take into account all the nuances of childhood scoliosis.
With lumbar scoliosis
Here the massage usually begins with stroking the entire entire back area.
Then the expert-masseur acts directly on the long back muscles( circular kneading, as well as the neck double, special flags annular / combined, performed only by bent fingers).Intercostal spaces are also massaged carefully.
In the loin area, the muscles are gently kneaded with a pad or sweat of the big toe only in a straight line;In this case, the sawing / crossing is used.
Massage ends, as a rule, with relaxing movements and easier pats on the entire dorsal surface.
With thoracic scoliosis
Usually, massage with breast scoliosis by specialists is assigned directly to relax the muscles and give the shoulder a natural position.
The masseur pulls the deformed shoulder so that it can take a symmetrical position to the adjacent shoulder. Then, only the muscles of the chest are affected( these are only ordinary techniques, special ring / combined kneading, as well as the double bar).
Absolutely all gaps between the ribs are gently massaged in a straight / circular direction.
With s-shaped bending
This type of massage affects the lower back and thoracic spine. It is produced according to the methods described above.
In the treatment of scoliosis, Thai massage techniques are used, the emphasis is on eliminating problems with mechanical techniques.
During the session, the patient lies on the floor, his hands are wound behind his back, a pillow is placed under his shoulder.
The masseur is located next to the buttocks of the patient and performs soft pressing actions in the dorsal zone. Then the massage is subjected to the lumbar region.
Further the side part is massaged. Here, manipulations are performed by rotating the body of the masseur, excluding hands.
The last stage is stretching the arms and soft pressure on the sides of the body.
This massage method uses differentiated pressure techniques on the back muscles( relaxing, toning and stretching).
Manipulations are performed with the spinal muscles, as well as the abdomen, the entire chest area, the buttock zone and the limbs.
Video: differential massage
Manual massage refers to a class of medical procedures. His technique is now widely used in the treatment of diseases of the spine.
It includes a complex of mechanical effects on problem areas of the body. A good masseur usually uses kneading, stretching, vibrating movements and stroking.
Manual massage helps to restore the vertebral structure and throughput of blood vessels. Before the beginning of carrying out of such massage necessarily it is necessary to pass or take place full inspection.Do you suffer from osteochondrosis? Perhaps you will be interested in an article about osteochondrosis of the cervical department.
You can read the material about chest osteochondrosis here, and information about osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral department can be found here.
Jar massage is a specific treatment procedure - a direct effect on the diseased organ is provided with a vacuum.
This massage enhances the process of blood and lymph circulation and actively feeds tissues.
It can be carried out at home. It is believed that this does not require special skills and knowledge.
As a rule, first the lumbar zone of the patient is rubbed and heated by massaging movements.
After, his back is treated with a usual Vaseline / massage oil or a fat baby cream. And only after all the oil has already absorbed, you need to take a medical jar, alcohol and tweezers.
Clean cotton swab dipped in alcohol and immediately ignited. A specialist masseur introduces tweezers with this burning tampon into the jar for 2 seconds, in order to create a vacuum and dilute the air. Then this jar is quickly installed on the patient's body.
At the next stage, the so-called rectilinear light cannon motions are already performed.
They are produced exclusively in the length of the spine.
You can perform not only rectilinear, but also circular, and various zigzag movements with a medical jar. Massage lasts 5-15 minutes, after which the can is removed, and the remaining oil is removed with a napkin.
It's no wonder that acupressure nowadays is increasingly used directly for the treatment of scoliosis. This method is connected with the general theory of point theory.
In our body, as you know, there are simply a huge number of points that are interrelated with certain organs. If the organ is healthy, the point on a particular site will be painless, and vice versa.
To cope with the disease, you need to know exactly the points on the body and their meaning.
Pressing with your fingertips on the painful point for 5 seconds helps restore the performance of a particular organ.
For the treatment of scoliosis, points of "large vertebra", "curved pond" and "joint of bones" are used.
Acupressure requires specific knowledge and professionalism.
The course of any massage in adults and children is 10-20 days and depends on the degree of curvature of the spine. In a month or half a year the doctor prescribes a second course of medical massage.
In a year it is necessary to spend approximately 2-3 courses of individual massage procedures.
With a little longer or too often, the effectiveness of the massage is gradually reduced.
It should be borne in mind that in scoliosis, massage is performed in conjunction with exercise therapy. Physical exercises are selected individually and performed daily or several times in 7 days.
It is recommended to exercise physiotherapy and improve the condition of the spine to prevent the appearance of scoliosis in the future.
Professional and, of course, a therapeutic massage against scoliosis helps not only to eliminate back pain, but also has a very beneficial effect directly on the entire body.
Specialists recommend a therapeutic massage at any degree of scoliosis.
Regular massage procedures allow you to adjust the curvature of the spine and the whole body. In general, they perfectly strengthen muscles, increase blood circulation, reduce pain syndromes and feelings of chronic fatigue.
As a result of back massage:
- is gradually correcting vertebral curvature;
- relieve the pain.
One course of massage is not enough to eliminate scoliosis and alignment of the vertebrae.
It is necessary to pass a one-year course, together with other procedures( exercise therapy, physio procedures).
With properly selected techniques, you can permanently get rid of scoliosis. The main thing is not to delay this process, but in time to consult a doctor.
It is not recommended to do massage procedures on your own.
Massage is an important and effective component in the proper treatment of scoliosis. But, it's impossible to limit oneself to just one massage. But the combination of other methods and massage procedures will bring tangible benefits.
Massage with scoliosis. Basic massage techniques for scoliosis.| |Life without scoliosis
Scoliosis massage is one of the methods of conservative treatment at any degree of curvature, but the effect can only be brought in the compartment with other methods: exercise therapy, physiotherapy, gym, swimming, etc. This is due to the fact that with manualtherapy can improve the position of the spine, reduce the arc curvature, relieve tension in the muscles. But a back massage with scoliosis can not strengthen the muscle corset to the right degree. To do this, the above listed techniques are used.
Two theories of massage with spinal scoliosis
First, let's dwell on this point: everyone knows that the purpose of the massage is to relax the tense muscles and tone the weakened ones. Here the main question arises: which muscles are considered strained, and which are relaxed? There can be two options here: the muscles of the concave part of the back are strained, and the muscles of the convex part are relaxed and vice versa, respectively. The first version is supported by the theory of the so-called bow string. Here, the arch of the spine is compared with the bow, and the following conclusion is drawn: the muscles of the back like a bow string pull the spine in the concave part of it, so the other part of the back is relaxed. This version is put forward by surgeons who operate with this disease.
Now let's move on to the arguments.
The root cause of scoliosis is now and many years ago considered to be gravity. Under this force, it is clear where the pressure arises at the upper point of curvature: the vertebrae from the concave side develop more slowly, from which pressure appears on the vertebrae and along with it the muscle tension. The theory with onions is categorically illogical - here, for some reason, the cause of scoliosis is the force of muscle tension, into which the "force" of gravity "suddenly" was transformed.
On the other hand, a large number of independent studies by many well-known specialists( Alvin M. Arkin, Poland, AA Skoblin, Russia, Armstrong, USA, etc.), confirms the opposite: the muscles of the curved part are strained. This is supported by measurements in patients with electrical potential of the back. It is always greater in the convex part of it. Also, these muscles will change their structure, increasing the number of fibers that work for endurance to compensate for their increased activity.
Thus, the constant toning of the muscles of the convex part of the back during massage leads to their chronic inflammation, and accordingly to weakness and further dysfunction. The weakness of these muscles arises from their re-use, but not the other way around.
Now consider the muscles of the back from the side of the concavity. They are shortened, therefore, they can not develop the maximum stress. This effect is possible only with the length of the muscle, close to the physiological. Therefore, the chronically inactive muscle is weak.
You can not categorically divide your back into two halves: tense and relaxed. Different muscles and one and the other can be in one of these two states, but more tense muscles on the side of the bulge. Carrying out a massage in scoliosis, you need to pay attention to each muscle, recognize its condition and conduct an appropriate massage.
So what to believe more?
Despite all the above arguments, with a back massage carefully monitor your feelings and well-being. Be interested in the doctor from which side he will relax the muscles, and with what tonify. It is also good if, in response, you hear that the diagnosis will first be carried out for tight muscles. If something does not like or causes unpleasant and painful sensations, it is worthwhile to think about changing the masseur. After all, finding a high-class specialist is difficult.
Dear parents! If your child is diagnosed with this disease, learn how to do massage yourself for scoliosis in children. Listen to your child, his complaints, because no one will do it except you. Doctors, however rude it may sound, do not lose anything if they do something wrong. And on a fee-based basis the doctor is to some extent even interested that you come to him again and again.
Basic massage techniques for scoliosis
Therapeutic massage for scoliosis should begin with the muscles of the legs, then the hips, abdomen and, lastly, the back. The technique of massage with scoliosis of the back is in principle clear - to strengthen the weak muscles and relax the strained. For different types of scoliosis, a corresponding massage is required.
First case - c-shaped thoracic scoliosis : Back massage begins with stroking the back. First, the concave side is massed, then convex. Further, long and broadest muscles are kneaded in circular motions, the muscles of the intercostal spaces are rectilinear movements. Further, the neck and the trapezius muscle are massaged - here the dynamics and duration of the massage on the entire surface should not differ. Massage techniques should alternate with stroking and shaking. The purpose of the first sessions is to relax the muscles of the neck and the convex part of the back as much as possible. Next, you should strengthen and stimulate the muscles of the opposite part of the back. It is also necessary to massage the muscles of the breast - they need relaxation, and the abdominal muscles - for the purpose of strengthening.
The second case is a c-shaped scoliosis of the lumbar spine. Here the massage, as in the previous case, begins with stroking the back, then the "squeezing" techniques are performed. The sequence of massage here is the same as above - first the concave side, then the convex one. The first is warm-up of long and broadest muscles of the back with circular and circular motions, then the muscles of intercostal spaces are massaged rectilinearly. Next, you need to massage the lumbar region, using rectilinear and circular motions. The next step is massage of the pelvic region in the following sequence: stroking, "squeezing", kneading the sacrum and the crest of the ilium. After that, we exert pressure on the convex part of the back, trying to "return" the spine to its place. The final stage is massage of the leg muscles. Particular attention is paid to the leg from the convex side. Sequence at massage of a forward surface: a femur, a knee joint, a shin;on the back: thigh, knee joint, calf muscle.
The third case is the s-shaped scoliosis of .Here, massage is performed on the lumbar and thoracic spine according to the technique described above.
The duration of the massage is 10-12 sessions, it should be repeated two to three times a year, depending on the degree of curvature and well-being.
Scoliosis massage video training
The therapeutic massage for scoliosis is taught long enough for various courses. To find something similar in your city - use the search. But if you already know how to do a massage, but just forgot something - you can watch a back massage with scoliosis videos. This will help you remember the basic techniques and techniques of massage.
If you are doing massage to a child, then you will benefit from the following - massage for scoliosis in children video
Scoliosis massage: a set of techniques and their sequence
Scoliosis is a disease that manifests itself in a bright scoliotic deformity of the spine. Treatment of this disease is complex. What's included in the complex: massage with scoliosis, therapeutic gymnastics, electro stimulation and gentle motor mode, which provides relief of stress. On an individual basis, medicines and diet are selected.
In this disease, the normal functioning of the internal organs is disrupted, as well as their location. In particular, the cardiovascular and respiratory systems are subject to changes. Scoliosis can be congenital and acquired.
is greatly adjusted. The massage technique for scoliosis is
This procedure is used as one component of the entire treatment package. Massage has a general strengthening effect on the body, strengthening the muscles and muscle corset.
Effects on the muscles of the back: strained muscles on the concavity side of the curvature of the spine are first stretched, and then relaxed. On the bulge side, stretched muscles perform toning movements.
Exposed to the shortened and stretched muscles of the chest, abdomen, limbs.
The patient reveals painful areas, seals, nodules in the tissues. On the data of education, it is affected by point massage.
For each patient, the procedure and techniques are selected individually. At the same time, the masseur must necessarily know the technique of massage and the process of carrying out to ensure full treatment of the disease. Repetitive, stereotyped procedures are indispensable here.
At the first stage of treatment, surface mashing of tissues is performed. It is used to improve the general tone of the body and the activation of processes in the body. To eliminate muscle changes and hypertonia, soft muscle massage is performed.
Behind superficial and sparing technics the stage of correction of deformation follows. At this stage, deeper, longer and more intensive techniques are performed. They are used to stretch the shortened muscles, shorten the stretched muscles, increase the overall tone. As a rule, this technique is performed on the muscles of the chest, abdomen, extremities, and neck.
From a huge number of different techniques, the most economical and effective methods are performed. The table and the height of the table must be adjusted in such a way that the specialist can safely move around and use all the strength of his body at work.
One and the most common forms of scoliosis is - thoracic scoliosis with the direction of the convexity of the thoracic arch to the right, and the lumbar to the left.
Only effective and economical techniques are performed.
The sequence of the
receptions The patient should lie on the abdomen, hands are placed along the trunk, the head is turned to the side, and opposite to the scoliotic deformation. For greater efficiency of the procedure, an ankle joint is placed under the ankle joints.
The masseur begins his movements with longitudinal, rhythmic strokes of both sides of the back, along the entire spine. After a few superficial strokes, a deeper stroking is performed. The movements of the planar and girth variant are used.
After stroking the palm, the masseur begins to perform rubbing with the palm of his hand. Friction is a deep, long movement along the spine. The tempo is accelerated, the movements are carried out in 1.5 seconds.alternately. On each side it is necessary to perform 12 such movements( in the area of the bony protrusions of the movement a softer and unacceptably pressing is performed).
After rubbing with the edge, the subcutaneous folds should be seized. This is done by the base of the right and the edge of the left palm. Possible circular movements, rubbing between the palms and kneading the underlying muscles. All movements are performed smoothly, but rhythmically. Begin to perform movements can be both from the lumbar and the upper-thoracic spine. After each done, a slight longitudinal stroking is performed.
After performing these procedures, the patient should feel the warmth and slight flushing of the skin. During the procedure, an asymmetry in the tone of the upper muscles can be detected. In this case, soft stroking of the shortened strained muscle is performed, and the relaxed muscle is kneaded by sharp pressure, tingling.
If a flaccidity of the gluteal muscles is detected, deep kneading, rubbing and stroking of this zone is performed.
The masseur moves on to the next reception. To do this, the patient is placed on his right side facing the masseur. A pillow is placed under the chest. Using the entire weight of the body, the specialist starts rhythmic movements to pull the muscle from the spine, smoothly moving to the upper lumbar region.
Next, the base of the palm is kneading the left extensor of the back with sharp, rhythmic jerks. Without changing the position of the body, stretching of the pectoral muscle is performed.
Then the patient should lie on the other side, the massage roller is placed under the waist, the left arm should be pulled forward. The masseur begins to perform a stretching kneading of the left extensor of the back. Movements at the thoracic level are performed similarly, as at the lumbar level. Then the right extensor of the back is massaged, at the level of the thoracic part, sharp, jerky movements are performed.
Depending on the physical condition of the patient and the degree of his general condition, the intensity of the receptions is chosen. The patient should not feel pain. The formation of bruises is unacceptable.
All receptions are selected depending on the general condition of the patient
Features of exercise therapy for scoliosis
In addition to massage other procedures are performed, one of which is called exercise therapy. Depending on the degree of the disease, one or another set of physical exercises is selected. These can be breathing exercises, walking, swimming, general development exercises. Also, stretching exercises with a gymnastic stick are performed. At the end of the exercises, exercises are carried out to balance. Particular attention is paid to the muscles of the back and abdominals, as well as the muscles of the gluteal region, the straight and oblique abdominal muscles. In addition to the basic, special symmetrical and asymmetric movements are performed.
Approximate symmetrical movements
- Exercises are performed lying on the abdomen. The patient should clench his hands in a fist and alternately pull out from the front.
- Further hands are stretched to the side, and smooth rhythmic movements of the hand lower and raise.
- Then hands are stretched forward again. Like a swimmer, hands are slowly withdrawn to the hips.
- The patient lies on his back. Hands need to bend in the elbows and rest against them. Blades need to be raised slightly above the floor and perform slow kicking movements, as if you hold the reins.
All movements are performed at a smooth pace without large amplitude. It will be enough to carry out the exercises 2 times a day for 20-30 minutes. The patient is contraindicated in jumping, wearing weights and performing significant inclinations forward. Sleep must be on a hard, level surface.
Thanks to a massage, a set of physical exercises and many other procedures, you can achieve a significant correction of the existing deformation. But, one must understand and explain to the patient that this is only the first stage on the way to recovery. Treatment should be continuous.