Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
The fight against osteochondrosis should be active and complex. For the prevention and treatment of this ailment are most effective:
- Massage or self-massage;
Changes in vertebrae lead to neuralgic symptoms - radicular pains of different localization. There may be dizziness, pain in the hands and heart area, intercostal pain. If you do not carry out prevention, these symptoms increase. Let's consider one of effective measures of struggle - exercise therapy at an osteochondrosis of a cervical department.
Recommendations for Exercise LFK
The methods you are offered will not require a special gym and inventory.
- This requires a mat and a well-ventilated room.
- Gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis should be carried out in comfortable clothing.
- Since breathing is difficult during exercise, they should alternate with respiratory gymnastics.
- Increase the load gradually. If any changes in the heart occur during the exercise, the activity should be stopped and consulted by the doctor.
- If pain occurs, exercise therapy should be replaced by relaxation and stretching exercises.
- Monitor the heart rate.
- For acute pain, exercises with weights and abduction are temporarily excluded until the disappearance of painful sensations.
- The program of lessons and the complex of exercises choose after consultation with the doctor.
Effects of LFKLFK - an integral part of the treatment of osteochondrosis
In cervical osteochondrosis, exercise therapy can produce the following effects:
- Improves blood circulation;
- Strengthens the muscular corset;
- Low mobility of vertebrae is eliminated;
- The volume of movements increases;
- Nerve repair occurs, pains decrease.
Contraindications to the exercise of exercise therapy
It is not always possible to carry out exercise therapy complexes. Consider contraindications:
- Diseases in acute form or exacerbation of chronic.
- Acute infectious diseases.
- Myocardial infarction.
- Neoplasms( malignant and benign tumors).Heart and aortic aneurysms.
- Threat of bleeding. Tachycardia and arrhythmia.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Myopia with significant changes in the fundus.
- Diabetes mellitus( severe form).
The dynamic exercises are based on the external work, which is accompanied by periods of contraction and relaxation of the muscles.
Starting position( IP): standing.
Raise your hands on inspiration, stretch and look at them. On exhalation, return to the i.p.
During inspiration, take the right hand to the side while turning the body and look at it. Return to the i.p.on the exhale
Do the same with the left hand. Repeat the exercise five times.
- as in Exercise # 1.Slowly turn your head around, then up and down.
Repeat the exercises in each direction five times.
In the same IP.at the inhalation, pull the elbows back and remove the scapula. On exhalation, direct the elbows forward. Repeat five times.
Standing with arms outstretched, legs apart.
Rotate your hands with your hands. With each movement, increase the amplitude. Repeat five times.
I.p.- as in exercise number 1.
Make a springing tilt to the right, while turning the head to the left. On exhalation, raise your right hand over your head. Return to the i.p.on inhalation. Repeat five times in each direction.
On inhalation, stand on your toes, lifting your arms up and bending over, look at your hands. Hand your hands aside, put them on your knees and make springy squats. On exhalation, try to touch your knees with your head. Repeat five times.
- standing, move your arms to the left in parallel and look at the brush.
Leave the right leg, move the left leg back and cross with the right foot. Describe the circle with your hands. In doing so, look at the hands. Thighs must be immovable.
- Lie on your stomach.
On inhalation, bend and then raise your hands and as high as possible. Look at the hands. Return to the i.p.on exhalation.
Repeat five times.
Left leg set aside look left and jump on the right foot. On each leg, make up to 10 jumps.
After the exercise, go for walking, decreasing gradually the tempo.
- Stand and stretch your arms in front of you
Take your hands off to the sides and bring them together.
Repeat five times.
The peculiarity of static exercises is that for their execution the maximum effort of the muscles is required, which act on the fixed object or keep the uncomfortable position of the body.
This complex of LFK can be used for cervicothoracic osteochondrosis. They increase flexibility and increase metabolic processes in the spine, contribute to the recovery of nerves.
- Exercises without weighting - with an effort to strain the muscles, the movements are very slow.
- Exercises with weights - maximally strain the muscles, the amplitude of movements is minimal.
- As a load, use your own weight, move slowly, with effort, straining your muscles and keeping as long as possible the pose.
- The technique involves a combination with meditation( focusing on a specific department of the spine).
In the process of these exercises, pain can arise, which gradually disappears, due to the stretching of the nerve trunks and individual muscles.In the process of performing the exercises, small pain sensations can arise
Complex of exercises
This complex of exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical department supplements dynamic exercises.
Tighten the muscles and with maximum effort turn the head to the right, look at the slow inspiration behind the back down. Take ip, relax the muscles in exhalation. Do the same in the other direction.
Tighten your muscles and tilt your head to the left with inspiration, while striving to touch the left shoulder with your ear. Do the same in the other direction.
Tilt your head backward with inspiration and hold. Relax your muscles.
Tilt your head forward with inspiration and touch the chest with your chin. I.p.
In each position, stay at least 5 seconds. Repeat each movement twice.
- Standing, put your feet apart, spread your hands palms up and to the sides and bend at the elbows.
Tighten your muscles. On inspiration, forcefully remove the scapula. I.p. Repeat five times.
- Lift your hands up and spread the sides. Stand on your toes, bend over and look at your hands. Then bend your knees a little. Take your hands apart and put on your knees. Touch the chin of your chest as you exhale.
Repeat five times.
Close your palms and attach them to your right cheek. Do not change the position of the head on inspiration, strain the muscles on your closed palms. Accept i.p.on exhalation, relaxing the muscles. Repeat the movements to the other side.
Inhaling, straining muscles, press your fists with your forehead, as if you are overcoming an obstacle. On exhalation, take i.p.
Exercise slowly, maximally relaxing the muscles between phases. Maintain muscle tension for 5 seconds.
Grab your palms with your fingers closed around your neck and head. Overcome the resistance of the hands, straining the muscles, and try to pull your hands up your head on inhaling. On exhalation, take i.p.
Repeat the exercise five times.
Make self-massage of the head and neck. First, perform light strokes, rubbing, ending with light strokes. This will relieve tension and prepare you for the next exercise.
- on the stomach.
Tilt your head and touch the chin of your chest, with your hands, press the nape of the neck, overcoming the tension of the neck. Carry out 10 seconds.
Tilt the head as far back as possible, press down on the back of the head, overcoming the neck tension. Carry out 10 seconds.
Repeat each 3 times.
Close your fingers and put your forehead on them. Relax your muscles for 10 seconds.
- On the side, place the palm on your stomach.
On a slow inspiration, protrude the stomach, on a slow exhalation - retract. Repeat five times.
- on the stomach.
Lean on the floor with your elbow on the floor, put your chin in the palm of your hand. Put the left on the back of the head. Head to the left with effort, helping hands. Hold the pose for 10 seconds.
Repeat the exercises with the other hand. Perform each exercise five times.
- on your stomach, put your forehead on the rug.
Turn your head to the left, touch the ear of the floor, raise your head for 20 seconds above the floor. Return to the i.p.
All movements do five times.
After gymnastics for the cervical spine, perform a relaxing self-massage of the neck, making a bias for stroking, rubbing and deep kneading.
LFK for cervical osteochondrosis: 16 effective exercises, training rules
Osteochondrosis of the spine can bring a lot of trouble. Independently improve the physical and emotional well-being, to save the body from the onset of exacerbations of the disease in the future will help exercise therapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical department.
Regular gymnastics reduces the risk of repeated exacerbations, reduces chronic pain in the neck and shoulders, restores sensitivity and strength in the hands, trains the vestibular apparatus( which reduces dizziness and headache).
It is better to begin exercise LFK under the supervision of the instructor, so that he taught you to correctly perform all exercises. In general, the gymnastic complex, which includes blocks isometric( without moving parts of the body in space) and dynamic activity, is simple to perform, and everyone can do gymnastics at home.
Further in the article - popular and safe complexes of 6 isometric and 10 dynamic exercises.
Every patient with cervical osteochondrosis, who is engaged in exercise therapy
, should know this. Physiotherapy exercises for cervical osteochondrosis should not be performed during exacerbation of the disease. Do not try to "stretch" the neck, "disperse" the pain, somehow affect your condition. If you feel worsening - immediately contact a neurologist!
If the doctor( neurologist) has determined the instability of the cervical vertebrae during radiography of the spine or palpation, be sure to look into the orthopedic salon or pharmacy and get a special soft collar for the neck. It will save you from dangerous complications when doing exercises. Shank's Collar
Osteophytes - subulate-like bone growths visible on the roentgenogram of the spine - another reason to take more scrupulously to the choice of exercises for exercise therapy. With osteophytes active movements in the cervical spine during dynamic training should not be performed, otherwise you risk damaging the osteophytes with nerve trunks passing in the neck.
Six exercises of the isometric complex
With isometric gymnastics, the traced area of the body does not move in space: that is, it does not swing, rotate, swing.
You or your partner put pressure on any part of the body, and by the forces of the muscles counteract this pressure. The number of repetitions of exercise of this complex of exercise therapy for cervical osteochondrosis depends on the degree of your preparedness: it can be 3-4 repetitions on each side, and 6-8.The duration of counteraction of the applied force during the execution of each repetition is 5-6 seconds.
The starting position in all exercises is below - sitting exactly on the chair, feet shoulder width apart.
With the palm of your hand, push the area of the temple and cheekbone from one side( left palm - left cheek, right palm - right cheek).
Tighten the muscles of the neck, giving the arm the reaction.
Repeat from the other side.
Tie your fingers in the lock. In this position, press your forehead with your palms extended to it.
Straining your neck, counter the pressure.
Place your hands under your chin, closed into fists, and press down on the chin in the direction from the bottom up.
Do not move your head in space, provide resistance.
Hook your fingers behind your head in the lock. In this position, push the occipital-parietal region with your hands, as if trying to lower your head to the chest, and create a counter-head with your head.
The right hand with an open palm is located in the area of the left cheek and cheekbone. Push your hand against your face, as if trying to turn it to the right. Create resistance with the muscles of the neck.
Repeat the exercise for the opposite side.
Put your head on your chest, and cross your arms at the back of your head. Put your hands on the nape of the neck, and with the muscles of the neck, counteract such that slowly bring your head back to a vertical position.
Ten exercises of the dynamic complex
When doing this type of exercise therapy it is important not to overdo it:
- You can not make complete head turns around / counterclockwise.
- The maximum tilting of the head back is fraught with deterioration of the condition, therefore it is contraindicated.
- Movements should not be sharp, impetuous: all perform slowly, leisurely.
- Because osteochondrosis of the spine is often accompanied by instability of the posture, dizziness, therapeutic exercises with cervical osteochondrosis should be carried out while sitting on a chair.
- The number of repetitions is 5-8.
Exercises forStarting position Exercise
1. Sit with your back straight on a chair, place your legs slightly apart. Hands stretch forward in front of you.
Squeeze your hands into fists - release them. Do the exercise several times, then shake your hands.
2. Sit on a chair, feet in front of you on the width of the shoulders, hands on the knees.
Raise the straightened arm to the side parallel to the floor. Without sudden movements, make turns with the body along with the hand in one direction, with the other hand - in the other direction( left arm - turn the body to the left, right - to the right).
3. Sit on a chair, bent at the knees of your feet a little apart, place your arms at the waist.
Tilt your head to the left and to the right, as if trying to get your ear to the appropriate shoulder.
4. Position sitting on a chair. Bend your hands as much as possible( elbows on shoulders).
Through the sides, raise your bent arms to a position parallel to the floor and lower them back.
5. Sitting, press the brushes in the chair seat on the sides of the trunk.
In this position, hold the circles with the shoulder belt first on, and after counterclockwise.
6. Seated position.
With a small amplitude, turn the head to the left and to the right( as if looking to the left, then to the right).
7. In the sitting position, hold your hands in front of you in the lock.
Raise your hands in this position up to the level of the head, then lower it down.
8. Position sitting, hands on the chair seat.
Tilt your head on your chest - return to the upright position.
9. Continue to sit on a chair. Hands stretched down along the trunk.
Bend your arms in the elbows, making a sliding motion along the trunk with the palms up in the direction of the armpits. With the same sliding motion, return your hands to their original position.
10. Sit on a chair. Hands at the seams.
Raise the elongated left arm in front of you no higher than to the level of the shoulder. The palm is down.
Simultaneously straighten the right hand, pull back( palm up).Repeat for the other hand.
Of course, exercise therapy is not a panacea, , and to help with osteochondrosis of the spine was the most effective, a whole complex of measures is needed, including medications, manual therapy, physiotherapy.
But LFK with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine does not require special equipment and even considerable space in the room, many exercises can be performed even in the workplace. And this is a great opportunity for each patient to help himself. Regular sessions of physiotherapy exercises have a beneficial effect not only on the course of the disease and the symptoms of the disease, but also on the mood, relieving patients from a feeling of depression, melancholy, fatigue and even depressive disorders.
Author: Elena Delver
Physiotherapy exercises for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: photos, exercises
Man as a result of evolution, as one version, stood on two legs to free his hands for work and faster movement. But it is because of this that he acquired a lot of diseases and health problems. The most common are diseases of the spine. Let's consider, how the physiotherapy exercises at an osteochondrosis of a cervical department of a backbone helps to improve a status of the patient.
A few words about osteochondrosis
Straining is the cause of osteochondrosis. This disease is characterized by dystrophic disorders in articular cartilage. The most common place of appearance of pathologies is the intervertebral discs. Depending on where the osteochondrosis settled, it is divided into:
There are several factors that can affect the development of osteochondrosis.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Development of the infectious process, intoxication of the body.
- Metabolic disorders.
- Defective food.
- Significant physical activity or lack of physical activity.
- Flat-footed, wearing high heels, uncomfortable shoes.
- Injury of the spine.
- Sharp interruption of training for athletes.
- Not quite comfortable poses at the computer, desk or on the couch by the TV.
With such a large number of provoking factors, it is seldom possible to avoid an ailment.
When diagnosing this disease, the doctor will prescribe a treatment that can consist of:
- Drug therapy.
- Therapeutic physical culture complex.
- Medication blockade.
- Physiotherapy techniques.
- Manual therapy.
- Extension of the spine.
A very popular therapeutic exercise for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, as one of the ways of treatment. In combination with other methods, it gives quite good results. Let's consider it in more detail.
Therapeutic physical training
Treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system with the help of a special complex of exercises is widespread. Exercises are aimed at relieving the load from the nerve roots, strengthening the muscles, developing flexibility and, of course, preventing complications. For exercises use special simulators.Complexes for problem zones of the spinal column have been developed. However, not all show therapeutic exercise in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Let's see who can do it.
Who is recommended to exercise therapy
You can not dispute the benefits of exercise therapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Exercises are suitable for almost everyone, but we must take into account contraindications. It is also useful to do the exercises:
- For the prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
- For relaxing and lifting the load from the spine.
- For better posture.
- To improve blood circulation in the affected spine for faster recovery.
It is worth paying attention to who should not engage in exercise therapy.
Contraindications for exercise therapy
There are several reasons why it is not recommended to perform a complex of exercise therapy for cervical osteochondrosis:
- High blood pressure.
- Increased eye pressure, severe degree of myopia.
- Heart rate disturbance.
- Period of exacerbation of osteochondrosis.
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases.
- Poor health.
- After surgery on the spine.
- Diseases of the nervous system with impaired coordination.
It is also necessary to stop exercising if there is acute pain, discomfort, nausea or dizziness.
How to start exercise therapy
In order to start practicing exercise therapy, you must prepare:
- Comfortable clothes for classes.
- Gym mat, chair or, if necessary, a ball.
- Ventilate the room before training.
There is a possibility 2 hours before classes. Do not exercise immediately after a meal or on an empty stomach. Beginning to do it is necessary from 15 minutes for one approach, each exercise. If this feels good, you can gradually increase the number of approaches and duration of sessions, but not more than 45 minutes a day.
LFK with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine should be started only after a warm-up. It will warm up the muscles and prepare the body for gymnastic exercises. If osteochondrosis is diagnosed, then it's forbidden to start doing exercises without a warm-up, you can provoke an exacerbation.
In the warm-up, the following exercises are used:
- Smooth body turns.
- Raising hands.
- Rotation of shoulders and shoulder blades at a slow pace and without sudden movements.
- Slow turns of the head without sharp throws and turns.
If there is a feeling of warmth in the muscles, then the warm-up was effective and you can move on to the basic set of exercises.
Exercises in sitting position The
exercise therapy includes exercises that can be performed in a different position. We begin with the complex from the sitting position.
- We put a palm on the forehead and gently press on the head, and with the head at the same time it is necessary to put pressure on the palm of your hand. Similarly we do from the temporal side, resting the palm on the temple from the left and right side in turn.
- Lower your head down and stretch your chin to your chest. Gently pull the muscles of the neck, slowly raise your head up and tilt back, while maintaining tension in the muscles of the neck. A little delay in this situation. Complete 10 approaches.
- Slowly tilt the head to the sides, while straining the neck muscles for a few seconds. Do the same number of repetitions.
- Slowly turn, while straining muscles, neck for a few seconds. Movement should be done smoothly.
- Raise your shoulders up, while straining your neck muscles, then lower them.
In the presence of cervical osteochondrosis, it is forbidden to perform head rotation, since there is a danger that the disease will worsen.
Exercises in prone position
It is best to relax the muscles of the shoulder girdle in the prone position. Such exercises will be necessarily included in the complex if you are recommended therapeutic exercise in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. The photo provided below clearly demonstrates one of these exercises.
Lay lying on the gym mat, hands along the body.
- Lift your head off the floor and hold it for a few seconds.
- Raise your hands up and slowly, without bending, to lower your head. In this case, stretch, not lifting his shoulders off the floor. Repeat 5 times.
- From the starting position, raise the right hand up and pull it to the left side, while straining the muscles of the neck and shoulder. Hold for a few seconds. Similarly we do with the other hand. We repeat 15 times.
- Bend the legs in the knees and pull them to the chest, while reaching for them with the forehead. Repeat 10 times.
When performing exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, pain in the shoulder may appear during certain exercises. This is possible because of sudden movements or poor heating of the muscles. If the exercises are performed correctly and slowly, you can feel how the muscles stretched, relaxed, and the painful sensations passed.
Extension of the spine
Therapeutic exercise in the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine must necessarily include stretching exercises for the spine. This will improve the condition of the back muscles, activates the circulation in the lumbar region.
- In a sitting position on the floor, stretch your legs out in front of you. Lean forward and try to reach the tips of your toes with your hands. Exercise do slowly, concentrating on how the spine is stretched. It is enough 10 repetitions.
- Become on all fours, with inspiration slowly bend the spine up, lock in for a while and come back. Repeat 10 times.
- Become straight, put your feet together. Lean forward and clasp your lower leg with your hands as close as possible to your legs.
Results of exercise therapy
It should be noted that medical gymnastics, physical education in case of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine should be coordinated with the doctor. It is he who will tell you which exercises will work best. Regular lessons, constant correction of exercises to improve efficiency will give a positive result. If you feel worse, you should cancel the session and consult a doctor.
What can be achieved by performing regular physical exercises with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine?
- The muscles of the cervical region will be strengthened, their plasticity will increase.
- Significantly improve circulation in the cervical region, and this will speed up the recovery process.
- Gradually the pain will go away, the motor function will recover.
- Posture will improve.
Physiotherapy is an excellent means of preventing diseases of various parts of the spine, while improving the overall health, lifting the mood, strengthening the muscles and you can get a good charge of vivacity.
Curative gymnastics for cervical osteochondrosis
As life shows, most often a person with health problems or completely begins to rely on a doctor, or rushes to all serious, engaged in self-medication and without resorting to official medicine.
If the patient is on the side of the doctor - no disease is terrible. .
Both these positions are fundamentally wrong, because no one, even the most qualified doctor, can independently diagnose himself, and no person should prescribe treatment for himself. No wonder the ancient sage said that with each disease there are three sides: the patient, the doctor and the disease. If the patient is on the side of the doctor - no illness is terrible, but in those cases when the patient on the side of the disease - the best doctor is useless.
Cervical osteochondrosis is increasingly diagnosed today, and the patients' behavior and their attitude towards the proposed treatment are completely independent of age. Those patients who think about their future do not forget that therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis remains one of the most important elements of treatment, while others simply remain silent and suffer pain and all the symptoms with which this is manifested is very unpleasant and in some casesa life-threatening disease.
Features of osteochondrosis of the cervical region today
Cervical osteochondrosis is a common disorder that is rapidly growing younger every year. Pinched nerve endings or displacement of cervical discs cause headaches and heart pain, dizziness, numbness of the tongue. Moreover, pinching of nerves indirectly affects the work of internal organs. Nevertheless, many people simply do not pay attention to the doctor's appointments and do not believe that exercise therapy, especially when used constantly, can improve their condition.
Meanwhile, if a person is diagnosed with cervical osteochondrosis - therapeutic gymnastics is necessary! A violation that does not try to correct will sooner or later become acute, and every new attack of the disease will add unpleasant symptoms to the clinical picture of the disease. Of course, exercise therapy is not a panacea, especially if the degenerative-dystrophic process in the tissues of the spinal column has existed for a long time, but it can slow down the development of pathological processes, ease the general condition and the first step towards recovery.
Major symptoms of osteochondrosis
- Persistent headaches, dizziness. The discomfort is often aggravated by movement and sharp turns of the head, and such a pain in the head practically does not lend itself to the drugs that are traditionally prescribed for relief of this symptom. At the same time, the patient may be concerned about the instability of blood pressure, fits of lightheadedness and noise in the ears, which are best eliminated by therapeutic gymnastics prescribed for cervical osteochondrosis.
- Symptom of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine may be pain in the chest, giving in hands. Often a person feels numbness in his hands and a combination of this symptom with pain in the heart, in which traditional "heart" drugs( nitroglycerin) are ineffective.
In case of occurrence of these complaints, orthopedic doctors advise their patients timely use of physical exertion, the regime and frequency of recurrence of which for each patient should be selected individually. A well-considered program of physical rehabilitation will help prevent the development of displacement of cervical vertebrae and clamping of nerve fibers.
Recommended Exercises for the Treatment of
Disease If you want to learn all the secrets of cervical osteochondrosis treatment, we suggest you familiarize yourself with this free course. Very effective technique!
Below is an example of several exercises.
- The patient lies on the floor. One palm rest on the stomach, and the other on the chest. Slow, smooth breath( stomach, and then chest rise), then exhale. Repeat once 8-10.It is necessary to consciously relax the body. Exercise is repeated 3-4 times during the day.
- Position on the floor, but this time on the stomach. Slowly, the head, torso rises, hands have to rest against the floor. In this position, you must be 1 - 1.5 minutes, then smoothly return to its original position. Important! It is necessary to watch, that the shoulders would not "tumble" - keep the posture under control! Exercise is carried out 3-4 times a day.
- Position - lying on the stomach. Hands stretched along the body. Slowly turning his head to the right. You have to try to press your ear to the floor. Then in the opposite direction. Important! Painful sensations should not accompany the exercises! Run 5-6 times. During the day, you can perform this exercise 3-4 times.
- Seated position. Slowly, making an exhalation, lean forward, bringing your chin as close to your chest as possible. Then, on inhalation, slowly throw your head back, trying to look as far as possible. Repeat once 10-15.The exercise itself is repeated 2-3 times a day.
- Do not change the position, you have to press your forehead against your own hands. Providing the greatest possible pressure. Exercise is done on exhalation - this is important! Repeat 5-6 times. During the day, perform 3-4 times.
- If the violation is not strong, you can perform accurate rotation of the head, in both directions.
This set of exercises shows that therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis is available to virtually all people regardless of their age. Some of the exercises can be performed at home and at work, and if your own health is empty for the patient, then he will certainly try to listen to the recommendations of the doctor.
As studies of scientists have shown, the performance of such exercises as prevention reduces the risk of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine by 90%!
The effectiveness of therapeutic gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis at any stage of the disease is proved. As it turned out, even simple trainings, without active manual treatment and use of drugs, significantly reduce pain, and in some cases the achieved strengthening of the neck muscles positively affects the general condition - in some patients partial regress of the disease is observed.
P.S.Want to get more effective exercises? Be sure to use this course & gt; & gt;
LFK for osteochondrosis of the cervical spineTherapeutic physical training is aimed at restoring the mobility of the vertebrae and the plasticity of the cervical spine. In more neglected cases, you should wear a special correction dressing, which will ensure the peace of the neck muscles. Exercise for the neck Such bandages are recommended for patients suffering from insomnia. LFK with cervical osteochondrosis should not create an excessive load on the muscles of the neck. After all, the cervical region is very fragile and mobile structure and any sudden movement can lead to a violation of the blood circulation of the spine. Improper exercise may cause severe consequences. Only a doctor can choose a set of exercises depending on the condition and degree of the disease.
Tips for performing exercise therapy:
- Before classes, ventilate the room;
- To perform the exercises you will need a special gym mat or a thick blanket;
- Clothes should be free;
- Alternate exercises with respiratory gymnastics, as when exercising exercise therapy, breathing becomes confused;
- The degree of load should be increased gradually. If during the classes there was shortness of breath, chest pain, then immediately stop the exercises and seek medical help;
- With pain, physical exercises are replaced by relaxation and stretching of the muscles;
- The complex of exercises is selected individually, after consulting with the attending physician.
Dynamic ExercisesExercise Table At the heart of performing dynamic exercises is the external work of the muscles, which allows them to contract and relax. In exercise therapy such exercises are considered to be excellent stimulants for cervical osteochondrosis. Each exercise is performed no more than 5 times.
- Standing, inhale, raise your hands up and reach for it. To exhale your hands. On inhalation, the right arm should be turned aside while turning the trunk. Do the same with the left hand;
- While standing, turn your head first to the right, to linger, then to the left. Further head tilt up and down;Standing, arms bent at the elbows. At the inhalation, the elbows are retracted, trying to keep as far as possible. On exhalation, the elbows should be forwarded;
- Standing, hands are divorced to the side. First turn to the right, then to the left. With each movement, the amplitude of rotation increases;
- Standing, on inspiration to bend to the right, tilt your head to the left, keep your right hand over your head. In the left side, do the same;
- Standing, climb on your toes, raise your arms and reach for them. Take your hands to the sides, put on your knees and crouching like a few seconds in a circle. Try to touch the head of the knees with an exhalation;
- Lying on your stomach, bend over while lifting your hands up high;8. Standing, the right leg is bent at the knee and jumping on the left leg. Do the same on the right foot. As a result, you have to jump 10 times on each leg.
- Lying on the bed, the head is located on the pillow. Try as much as possible to depress the neck into the pillow, hold on for 5 seconds, relax;
- The palms put on the whiskey and produce a pressure alternately. On each temple for 5 clicks. After exercise, relax;
- Lying on the bed, keep the palms on the forehead. Produce alternately pressing on the forehead, while raising, as if exerting resistance;
- Sitting on a chair, throw back his head. Hold for a few seconds, then smoothly lowered down, try to touch your chest with your chin. Repeat 5 times. For the greatest effect of exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical department to perform every day.
The effectiveness of exercise therapyLFK in osteochondrosis of the cervical region is considered part of the treatment and its implementation is necessary for a quick effect. Physiotherapy exercises, if performed correctly and exercise performed daily gives the following results:
- Improve blood circulation;
- Strengthens the muscles of the neck and spine;
- Vertebrae become more mobile, the stiffness in movements disappears;
- The pain syndrome decreases, the nerve endings are gradually restored.
Contraindications for the appointment of exercise therapyComplex LFK with osteochondrosis of the cervical region has contraindications. Therefore, if the following symptoms are present, then the set of exercises should be discarded.
Therapeutic exercises for cervical osteochondrosis - photos and videos
Quite often you can hear people complain of a headache or that they "pull their necks".Such symptoms can be manifestations of some minor ailments, but, at the same time, it can be a consequence of serious diseases, for example, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. This insidious disease can develop due to certain factors that have started to operate since childhood. It's about wrong posture, education of bad habits, lack of useful physical activities and so on. Therefore, it is important that the exercise therapy for cervical osteochondrosis is performed.
The development of osteochondrosis is accompanied by extremely unpleasant symptoms, among which are permanent headaches, blood pressure jumps, a veil before the eyes, dizziness and so on. Most pain brings pain in the head and neck, which can "prick," "cut", "pull", "whine" and the like. In addition, over time, dizziness may appear, sluggishness, inability to think and work, begin to "stab" in the hands, dumb language and so on. As you can see, the list of symptoms is quite impressive and they are all quite serious.(On the topic: exercise therapy with cervical osteochondrosis).
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To understand the specificity of the development of symptoms in the cervical osteochondrosis, it is not superfluous to recall its structure. The upper cervical spine consists of 7 vertebrae. They all touch through the vertebral disks, near which pass the nerve endings and blood vessels that provide the muscles of the face and brain with all the necessary substances and oxygen. In addition, through the holes in the vertebrae, an important artery passes and if it is squeezed by displaced vertebrae, a number of severe symptoms instantly manifest.
As scientists have found out, even an unfavorable climate and difficult weather conditions can provoke the appearance of osteochondrosis.
Occurrence of an osteochondrosis sometimes becomes a professional disease, which is peculiar to people:
- engaged in sedentary work;
- constantly lift and carry heavy loads;
- is forced to spend a lot of time standing up;
- has a genetic predisposition;
- engaged in professional sports, where excessive physical activity is the norm.
Methods of exposure
As the main non-medicinal methods of struggle, which are applicable in osteochondrosis of the cervical department, they allocate health-improving gymnastics, physiotherapy, hydrocolonotherapy, and blockades in especially severe cases.(On the topic: exercises for the neck with osteochondrosis).
It should be noted that the useful physical exercises that achieve the performance of the special therapeutic exercise( LFK) developed for patients with osteochondrosis are the core around which all other methods of treatment should be combined. Physical training with osteochondrosis of the cervical department allows to reduce edema, to create a muscle corset, to normalize the blood supply and, accordingly, nutrition in tissues, to increase mobility and much more.
The main types of exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are complexes for the coordination of movements, relaxation of muscles, respiratory gymnastics, strengthening of the muscles of the back, shoulders, neck, swimming exercises and so on.
For the treatment of patients with osteochondrosis and recovery in the rehabilitation process, various types of massage are actively used: segmental and therapeutic, classical and reflexotherapy, traction and manual therapy for cervical osteochondrosis.
The implementation of preventive methods can prevent the appearance of osteochondrosis and reduces the likelihood of pain in the upper back, neck and head. It is very important to control the posture, develop the muscles of the neck and back, regularly carry out exercises, move more, get useful physical activity and so on. To slow the emergence of the disease and further recovery, the physician prescribes therapeutic exercise in accordance with the current stage of the development of the disease and the physiological characteristics of the patient's body.
The results of exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical department
Physical exercises for cervical osteochondrosis, prescribed for exacerbations of the disease, should consist of exercises that relieve tension from the muscular tissues of the neck and shoulder girdle. This allows you to ease the pain. After this, you can assign new exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of the shoulder and cervical spine, which will reduce the burden on the intervertebral discs and reduce the likelihood of osteochondrosis.
According to the popular opinion, it is best to use special isometric exercises as a prophylaxis and treatment for the manifested osteochondrosis of the neck, since they can be performed anywhere, no extra equipment and time is required for their implementation. A simple complex of isometric exercises will take only five minutes, which allows them to be used during short breaks for workers in seated occupations.(On the topic: gymnastics with cervical osteochondrosis).
Carrying out such gymnastic complexes, a strong muscle corset is formed, the blood supply is normalized, eyesight, hearing, memory are improved, and the effectiveness of mental work is greatly increased. With regular isometric exercise( every day after about 3 hours) pain syndrome is easily eliminated.
Below is a simple but extremely effective set of isometric exercises that involves reaching muscle tension by fighting resistance.
- The palm of the left hand is attached to the left side of the head, for example, to the cheek, after which they begin to press hard with the palm so that the head protrudes and does not move.
- Having locked their fingers in the lock, they put them on the forehead and begin to press on it, trying to throw their heads back.
- The palm, clenched in fist, is placed under the chin, then tilts the head down, counteracting the movement of the chin with his fist so that the muscles of the neck are strained as much as possible.
- Again clasping his fingers in the lock, his hands are turned over his head and put his hands on the back of his head, starting to press them against the back of his head, trying to tilt his head forward.
- Putting your left palm on your right cheek, you need to try to make head turns, giving it all possible resistance. Then the hands are changed and the exercise is repeated.
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LFK for cervical osteochondrosis: symptoms and folk remedies, treatment at home
- Exercises of exercise therapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Osteochondrosis is a disease accompanied by changes in the functions of the musculoskeletal system, in particular, the destruction of intervertebral discs andjoints.
This disease is most often observed in the most mobile parts of the spine, therefore, as a rule, first of all, it suffers from the 5th, 6th and 7th vertebrae of the cervical region.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
In general, the clinical picture resulting from cervical spine disease can be classified as follows:
- disturbed blood flow in the vertebral arteries, resulting in a sufficient amount of oxygen and nutrients to the brain cells;
- disruption of the peripheral nervous system, which is manifested as a result of the contact of the nerve roots of the spinal cord and the inflamed parts of the osteochondral tissue;
- squeezing, and sometimes breaking, of the spinal cord in the vertebral canal - the consequences at this stage can be irreversible.
- Symptoms that occur with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine give patients a lot of problems and unpleasant sensations. To a large extent, this is caused by the fact that the vessels delivering vital substances to the brain, as well as nerve fibers and endings are in close proximity to the affected area.
Pain is the first and most common symptom. Localized pain, usually directly in the cervical region, but can also occur in the shoulder and occiput. In addition, the patient may be troubled by severe headaches.
Patients with problems in the cervical spine may experience nausea, sometimes accompanied by vomiting. This is due to impaired cerebral circulation and blood flow in the vertebral arteries. The result is a decrease in appetite in the patient and loss of body weight.
Also a fairly common symptom on the background of cervical osteochondrosis. This condition arises because insufficient blood of the moves along the injured arteries, therefore, less oxygen is supplied to the organs, in this case, to the inner ear, whose nerve endings are responsible for the body's balance.
The temperature increase is observed only locally, on that part of the skin that is above the diseased area.
Change in blood pressure
Changes in blood pressure in patients are possible. Since the vasomotor center is located in the brain, the organism reacts to changes in the blood circulation of this area in a natural way - pressure jumps.
Lack of air
This symptom can be observed as a result of irritation of the diaphragmatic nerve - it is from his work that the depth and frequency of breathing of a person depends.
If the nerve does not function as expected, the patient has to make efforts for inspiration, there is shortness of breath. From the constant shortage of oxygen in the brain, irreversible changes can occur, which will lead to violations of attention and memory.
Problems with sight, hearing and swallowing
Patients with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine often accompany such sensations as noise and ringing in the ears, hearing impairment.
Problems with vision are less common and are characterized by the presence of a so-called veil before the eyes, "flies", the inability to concentrate the focus on the desired object.
The pharyngeal syndrome is manifested in the fact that the patient feels a sensation in the throat, dry mucous, sometimes itching, there is a feeling of presence in the throat of some kind of interfering object.
Loss of consciousness
A serious symptom, which says that as a result of osteochondrosis, the flow of blood to the brain is malfunctioning. In case this happens, the patient must be placed in a horizontal position, raising his legs above the level of the head - this will ensure the flow of blood to the brain.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
The treatment process includes a rather lengthy therapy combining both medicamentous and non-drug therapies of .However, in particularly neglected cases, surgical intervention may be required.
Did you know that dorsopathy of the cervical spine often entails an osteochondrosis? Read and learn how to avoid osteochondrosis.
Treatment at home
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, whether independently or under the supervision of specialists in the clinic, is primarily aimed at restoring the correct functioning of the circulatory system in the spine.
In addition, it is necessary to improve the quality of blood supplying the trunk of our body, and, of course, to tone both bone and muscle tissues with the help of physiotherapy, bearing in mind that most of the problems were provoked by the notorious sedentary lifestylemost of our contemporaries.
Treatment at home can be both basic and additional as part of complex clinical therapy.
The use of medicinal herbs in the form of ointments, compresses and lotions on the affected area in most cases gives a positive result. The following plants proved to be the most effective in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis:
- root of elecampane - 2 tablespoons of the crushed plant( better - the second year of life) boil in a glass of water for 10 minutes, drain. Use as compresses, you can also add a decoction to the bath, while increasing the dose tenfold;
- comfrey root - has the ability to restore damaged bone and tissue sites. To prepare the medicine, mix 200 g of crushed root with butter in a 1: 1 ratio. Ointment rub in a sore spot with light massage movements for about 10 minutes, after which additionally make a compress - apply ointment on gauze, attach to the affected area and wrap it with a warm woolen cloth. Keep at least two hours;
- bitter pepper - perfectly improves blood circulation in the areas affected by osteochondrosis. For treatment, an extract based on vegetable oil is used. It is prepared as follows: two large peppers are poured with a glass of oil, cover and insist 5 days in a dark place. Ready pepper oil is rubbed into the affected neck 2 times a day;
- laurel leaf + juniper - powdered ingredients in a 1: 1 ratio are mixed with two tablespoons of butter and rubbed with massage movements into the cervical region of the spine.
There are also other recipes for getting rid of cervical osteochondrosis at home.
Heating ointments can also relieve pain in the affected area. We recommend the use of gel dosobene .Instructions for use as well as analogues of Doloben under the link.
Good results show treatment with leaves of Indian onions. The procedure is to rub the affected area with a sheet several times a day.
You can also make compresses with horseradish leaves. The leaves are dipped in boiling water, then, when cooled to a tolerable temperature, are applied to the sore spot and wrapped. Keep all night until the morning, the course - 5 times. During the procedure, a burning sensation is possible.
Of medicines that must be taken orally, lemon-garlic tincture is a great success in treating cervical osteochondrosis. For its preparation, 3 large lemons and 150 grams of garlic are used. All components are ground in a meat grinder, placed in a jar and poured into 2 liters of boiling water. Method of reception - half a cup in the morning before meals.Another useful and effective treatment for osteochondrosis is honey massage. To spend it is best in a bath or a good steam in a bath. The patient's neck is smeared with honey, doing massage movements, and then they press the palm to the skin and after a few seconds they sharply release it. After a while, when the honey absorbed well into the skin, the neck is covered with compress paper and wrapped up warmly. Even in neglected cases, this treatment after a few sessions relieves pain.
Treatment in clinics
Clinical treatment of osteochondrosis is aimed at the early removal of the pain syndrome in a patient and the treatment of a hotbed of inflammation. After a hardware and manual diagnosis of the existing problems, the doctor prescribes appropriate treatment.
In general, it consists in the use of analgesic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory drugs.
The patient is also prescribed the intake of B vitamins. Widely used are various ointments, gels, etc., which contain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
In addition, medicine offers a number of additional treatments, such as leech treatment, manual and reflexotherapy, acupuncture.
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Exercises of exercise therapy in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
No matter how qualitative and effective the treatment was, but without the maintenance of tonus of the muscular and cartilaginous tissues it is indispensable.
In this case, therapeutic exercise will come to the rescue - special exercises are designed in such a way that gradually, not allowing overexertion to resume the normal operation of the cervical spine, thereby ensuring a quiet life in which the joy of movement will be present.Starting any physical exercises should be with a warm-up. To do this, you need to perform a simple exercise: while standing or sitting, turn the head to the stop to the right, then - to the left to the stop. Do 5-10 repetitions. Attention! Muscles can not be pulled by force. Over time, they are developed and the head will turn without much effort. In principle, what you need to strive for in this exercise is to turn the head to such an extent that the nose and chin are directly above the shoulder. This exercise will warm up the neck muscles and prepare them for the main complex.
- IP: standing or sitting on a chair, hands lowered along the trunk. Smoothly drop your head down, trying to reach the chin to the thoracic cavity. Exercise improves the flexibility of the spine, "pulls" the vertebrae.
- IP: as in the previous exercise. Slowly pull your head back, as if trying to see what's behind your back. Exercise stretches the muscles of the back region of the neck.
- IP: the same. Head a little tilt forward and slightly shake it to the right and left, describing a small arc.
- IP: lying on the back on a flat surface, under the neck - a roller. For some time, roll your head over the roller from side to side.
- IP: sitting on a chair or standing. Pull the chin far forward, and then pull it back. This is a good stretch for the muscles of the neck.
- IP: the same. Head tilted sideways, trying to reach his ear to the shoulder. The crown should be visually pulled upwards. This exercise can be complicated: first, tilt your head to the right, then down, then - to the left. Then straighten your head and do the same in the other direction.
- IP: the same. Head slightly to turn back. Do slow turns right and left, while trying to consider what lies on the floor.
- IP: the same. Perform the rotation of the head first to one side, then to the other.
- IP: the same. Raise and lower your shoulders, lingering at the top for a few seconds.
- IP: sitting on a chair. Put the palm in the temporal region of the head. Overcoming the resistance of the hand, try to lower your head on your shoulder. Hold the position at the lowest point for a few seconds.
Each exercise should be repeated 5 to 10 times. With the regular implementation of the complex after a while, there will come an improvement in the general condition and a reduction in pain. It is important not to stop gymnastics until a complete cure.
It is known that it is better to prevent the disease than to treat it later. Unfortunately, the statistics are merciless, and the number of people suffering from osteochondrosis is steadily growing. Sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition, poor quality products, heredity. ..
However, do not despair. All of the above exercises can be performed as a prophylaxis of osteochondrosis, including them in the morning exercise program and even in the workplace, taking a minute or two.
If you add to this walk in the fresh air - at least half an hour - a proper, full sleep on a comfortable bed, a moderate intake of excessively high-calorie foods and a failure to lift heavy loads, your body will say thank you.