Flat-foot insole with own hands

How to choose orthopedic insoles? Orthopedic insoles for flat feet - reviews

Purchasing shoes of poor quality, we do not think about the fact that this harms the health of our feet, they have feelings of heaviness and pain. These symptoms do not have the best effect on our gait. Individual orthopedic insoles are able to prevent foot diseases and return ease to the gait.

How to choose orthopedic insoles?

Who needs to wear insoles

It is necessary to follow the condition of the feet from the very childhood. Pathological changes in feet can be prevented until the age of seven. The most common problems are flat feet, valgus and varus deformities of the feet. To establish the correct diagnosis and get recommendations on how to choose orthopedic insoles, you need to contact an orthopedic surgeon.

In an adult, leg problems occur after 40 years and can lead to serious consequences, such as joint arthrosis and osteochondrosis. In a special zone of risk are women, because they like to wear high heels, as well as men whose work is associated with excessive stress on the joints. All this causes the development of flat feet, which is longitudinal, transverse and combined.

In addition, the cause of the disease can become overweight, paralysis of the muscles of the arch of the foot, fractures of the foot bones. In any case, this condition requires treatment. Orthopedic insoles are able to prevent the development of pathology in childhood. They will help adults to relieve tension in the muscles, reduce the burden on the feet, relieve pain and heaviness in the legs.

How orthopedic insoles look

All products have a supinator, located in the area of ​​the inner arch, a groove is modeled under the heel. During movement, the central part of the insole rises and falls. Additional fixation is provided with a metatarsal pad.

Individual orthopedic insoles The front part of the insole( knuckle) is designed for the correct positioning of the fingers. There are models and only this part( semistellar), which does not interfere with the correct distribution of weight throughout the length of the product.
The most important part of the insole is the wedge, which makes it possible to change the angle of the foot. If the weight distribution is incorrect, the heel shifts. Wedges help keep the foot in the correct position, which is the prevention of pain and swelling. Insole for correction of foot pathologies consists of two wedges: under the heel and in the front part of the product. It is desirable to choose models from soft materials with a gel inside the pads, which, evenly distributed, assumes the optimal shape.

What are the insoles

Orthopedist-traumatologist will advise how to choose orthopedic insoles depending on the diagnosis and the purposes for which they are purchased.

Orthopedic Insoles for children

There are two types of insoles from flat feet. Some are designed to prevent disease, others correct the existing pathology, they are made on an individual order. The best brands on the European market of insoles for the prevention and correction of foot pathologies are the companies GRISON, COCCINE, TARRAGO.

Insoles for prevention of foot pathologies

Preventative models are used to prevent flatfoot formation. In their manufacture, gel substance is used, which makes the insoles very soft and flexible, capable of adjusting to the anatomical features of the human foot.

The representatives of the fair sex, who do not want to give up high heels, but at the same time take care of their feet, get orthopedic insoles. Reviews about them are only positive. Specially designed products made of foam or leather, which can be worn under the model shoes, support the foot in excellent condition. But it is necessary to take into account that when longitudinal flat feet wear heels more than 4 cm, even with insole is recommended no more than two hours.
For people who are overweight, hard supports, made of steel, special plastic or graphite, are suitable. When wearing such products, the arches of the foot are in the correct position, this prevents pain and tension.

Orthopedic insoles with flat feet For women waiting for the baby, there are special preventive insteps that help reduce the weight of the pregnant woman on the foot. This helps to cope with the pain and swelling of the legs.

Correction Models

Models for adjusting the existing pathology with an individually selected supinator and metatarsal pillows, as well as a groove on the heel help reduce the burden on the feet and maintain the normal location of its bones.
Products with heeled, similar to the horseshoe, are designed to treat the calcaneal spur. Thanks to a special form, a permanent friction of the soft tissues of the heel is prevented. According to customers, wearing such insoles reduces the burden on the heel area and eliminates pain. It happens that when walking, the foot is turned up and the ankle is stretched, in this case the semi-rigid insoles of flexible plastic will help. Such products are very comfortable for the feet.

Manufacture of orthopedic insoles A special type of insoles is a foot corrector designed for people with a disease such as diabetes mellitus. With this pathology, the nerve endings lose their sensitivity in some areas of the foot, in connection with this, the corns and calluses are formed. The gel inside the pads in such insole allows the model to perfectly match the features of the foot.

Orthopedic insoles for children

Children's models, except for massage and preventive gymnastics, help to form the correct foot in the child, positively influence the development of the musculoskeletal system, ensuring the correct gait. The reviews of many moms suggest that the improvement becomes noticeable after several months of using insoles.

What to look for

How to choose orthopedic insoles for a child to be worn? Several things should be considered: the

  • product should not be rigid so as not to interfere with the natural movements of the foot;
  • material from which orthopedic children's insoles are made, should differ not only strength, but also flexibility. This will ensure a stable position of the foot and will not interfere with the age-related changes in its arch;
  • the optimal length of a child's insole is three-quarters( not taking into account the surface of the fingers);
  • the product is made only on an individual impression, in order to avoid the development of other deformities of the foot.

Selection and manufacture of

How to choose orthopedic insoles and whether it is possible to do it yourself? Of course, you can buy products to adjust the condition of the foot in the pharmacy, but there is no guarantee that their wearing will be useful. The structure of the foot of each person individually, and when using insteps without selection, an additional pathology may be formed or the already existing disease may be aggravated. Therefore, the selection of insoles can only be done by a qualified specialist, and by manufacturing - a technician-prosthetist.

Orthopedic insoles, reviews

The manufacture of orthopedic insoles occurs in several stages. On the first, a diagnosis is carried out, which helps to determine the degree of flatfoot, then a gypsum imprint is made. The next step is sequential fitting. After the product is delivered to the hands, the patient receives advice from the doctor on the care of the insole. At the final stage, the product is corrected during the wearing process. As with the wearing of the insoles, the foot is gradually straightened, then after a while, it may be necessary to choose another model. Prophylactic insoles should be made of genuine leather, which allows them to stay in shape for a long time. The service life of such models does not exceed two years.
Orthopedic insoles for flat feet - this is the best way to correct the deformation of the foot, without them it is impossible to correct this pathology. Products contribute to the correct redistribution of the load on the sole( depending on the physiological characteristics of each person).Correctly selected insoles will help to eliminate such unpleasant phenomena as pain, fatigue and swelling of the legs. Regular wearing of such models will prevent the development of foot pathologies, will make you feel comfortable, even if you spend all day on your feet.


Actuality of flatfoot treatment

Many people think that flat feet is not such a dangerous disease as, for example, arthritis, but in vain. It is flatfoot, untreated in time, can become one of the reasons for the formation of dangerous health complications. These include such "adult" diagnoses as curvature of the spine, osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, arthrosis, arthritis including.

Is flatfoot treated and how effective is treatment? The answer is simple - flatfoot can be completely corrected only up to the child's age of 6-7 years, and in adults - only carry out a correction. That is why treatment and correction of flat feet are relevant for adults and children, and therapeutic gymnastics is a good help in complex therapy.

Before starting flatfoot treatment at home, you need to get a doctor's consultation. This must be done to assess the degree, shape of flat feet, and also to choose orthopedic footwear and insoles.

What can I do at home? These are measures aimed at overall health promotion, nutrition correction, walking tours, classes, exercises and much more.

Home Activities

  • In summer, you can walk and walk without shoes, it is advisable to choose a rocky surface for this. On the plantar surface of the foot are all active points, so this walk not only forms anatomical arches of the foot, but contributes to overall health.
  • From sports you can go swimming, especially swimming in the style of crawl. Leg movements with this style develop rotational movements of the foot. If conditions permit, and the disease is mild, you can do ski sports or figure skating. This will keep the foot in a strictly horizontal position.
  • A good effect is provided by a flat-foot massage, which can be done by using simple techniques. For this, stroking, kneading, rubbing, squeezing are used. Massage tones muscles, ligaments and fascia, and their tone, in turn, leads to correction of the foot.
  • It is necessary to teach the child to walk properly. To do this, for several minutes 6-7 times a day, ask him to walk, straightening his shoulders, lifting his head, and the feet should be strictly horizontal and parallel to each other.
  • The main condition for treatment is therapeutic gymnastics with flat feet. Use for this instructor is not necessary, because the techniques are simple and easily duplicated, even by children.

Therapeutic gymnastics

How to cure flat feet with simple exercises, you ask? To understand what happens during the exercises, it is necessary to recall that flat feet is a disease of the whole musculoskeletal system. A load that is not distributed correctly can lead to dangerous illnesses in adulthood. And the flat foot is treated only with shoes or insoles, as it is necessary to strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the entire leg and lower parts of the spine, because the innervation of the foot begins in the lumbar part of the spine.

Complex of exercises with flat feet( click to enlarge).

The complex of exercises

  • hands are stretched upward, we go on socks;
  • hands on belt, we walk on heels;
  • hands on the belt, we walk on the outside of the foot;
  • tennis ball pinched between the feet, we walk on the outside of the foot.

In the standing position:

  • hands on the belt, stand on the outside of the foot, turn the trunk to the right and left;
  • we stand on the outside of the foot, we rise on the toes.

Standing on a stick:

  • move on a stick, placing stops both along and across.

In sitting position:

  • legs stretched forward, bend, unbend fingers;
  • the legs are bent at the knees, maximally raise and lower the heels without lifting the socks off the floor;
  • legs stretched forward, pulling the socks as much as possible, and then pulling ourselves away;
  • legs are extended forward, we reduce and we breed legs, joining stops;
  • legs are stretched forward, grab a pencil and lift;
  • legs stretched forward, grab a tennis ball, toss it and catch it;
  • legs are bent at the knees, we roll a tennis ball from the sock to the heel along the longitudinal arch.

In the position of the body at an angle of 45 degrees:

  • raise both legs and torso at an angle of 45 degrees and hold as much as you can.

How often to practice gymnastics

All the exercises need to be done regularly, for 1.5-2 years, giving it 15-20 minutes per day. Each exercise should be done, repeating several times.

How to cure flat feet with walking, if in some regions only 2-3 months a year is warm? In winter time, you can adjust the massage mat for walking. Make a massage mat from flat feet with your own hands is not difficult - just enough for dense fabric threads or glue to attach small items( buttons, curlers, glass stones and other small items).

Early detection of the diagnosis and timely treatment started are the key to complete recovery. A therapeutic gymnastics, held regularly, can become an indispensable assistant in successful treatment. Flatness insoles: how to make the right choice?


Flattening is a serious disease, consisting in flattening the arches of the feet. As a result of these changes there are such unpleasant phenomena as pain in the feet, ankles and legs. In addition, the spine may suffer, pain in the lumbar region occurs. A very important place in the correction of flat feet is occupied by special orthopedic footwear and insole from flat feet.

Orthopedic insole for flatfoot correction

Orthopedic insoles, or orthoses, are reinforced inserts that are used to support the arch of the foot. Insole flat feet perform the following functions:

  • improve blood circulation in the foot tissues;
  • improve stability during walking and standing;
  • reduces the load on the hip, knee and ankle joints;
  • prevent the development of pathological changes in the musculoskeletal system( osteochondrosis, osteoarthrosis of the joints of the lower extremities, etc.);
  • reduces pain and fatigue in the lower limbs.

Thanks to the correctly selected insole, the load is distributed correctly to the foot.

How to choose the right orthopedic insoles?

How to get rid of flatfoot or at least stop its progression, as well as reduce the manifestations, you will be explained by an orthopedic doctor in full consultation. After the necessary examination, the specialist will make appropriate recommendations regarding orthopedic footwear and insoles. At present, orthopedic insoles are made of polymer materials or natural leather. Leather insole is the best option. In the process of wearing such insoles for a long time do not wear out and get the most optimal shape. Silicone insole has the advantage of its flexibility, due to which they can be adjusted to the individual characteristics of the foot. But they also have disadvantages - low elasticity and rapid wear, relatively high weight. This leads to rapid fatigue of the legs while walking. Insole made for different purposes have approximately the same components:

  1. instep, which is modeled in the projection of the inner arch;
  2. groove in the heel area;
  3. metatarsal pad in the region of the transverse arch.

The technology of orthopedic insoles from flat feet consists of the following stages:

  • flat-foot diagnostics and formulation of insoles;
  • manufacturing of the base of insoles and its structural elements;
  • direct fitting and delivery of the product;
  • correction of insoles in use.

Orthopedic insoles are best made by plaster cast of foot, but also by fingerprint or computer image. Structural elements of insoles are made of safe and durable materials, for example, made of foam polyethylene. The average lifespan of the insoles for flat feet is 2 years, but they usually last much longer.

Correction of insoles

In the process of corrective therapy, there is often a need to change the design of the product. For example, you have to lift the metatarsal support or change the overflow zone. Instructions for correcting the shape of the insoles are given by the attending physician. In this case, the shape of the insoles and the material will depend directly on the shape and degree of flatfoot. Thus, which orthopedic insoles are preferred for example in transverse flatfoot and how to choose a special shoe, the orthopedic doctor will tell the patient. In the case of transverse flatfoot with a varus deformity of the anterior part of the foot( it is rotated by the first bone of the metatarsus upwards), insoles with an external wedge under the anterior section and a metatarsal pad are assigned. With a significant degree of flatfoot, when the deformation of the foot is fixed, the metatarsal pad is raised gradually, so that a good effect is achieved. Approximately in 10-12 months new insoles are made, taking into account the achieved correction.

Shoe selection for flatfoot

With flat feet, you must pay special attention to the choice of shoes. Properly selected shoes will help slow the progression of the disease and reduce discomfort. But shoes with high heels and not corresponding to the shape of the foot will only exacerbate the deformity and may even provoke complications of flatfoot. In short, because of what shoes to wear when flat feet, the further course of the disease depends.

Important: if you have an early stage of flatfoot development, you can do just comfortable shoes made from high-quality natural materials. But at 2 and especially 3 stages of the disease will almost all the time wearing orthopedic shoes to avoid complications.

What to focus on when choosing shoes:

  • the best material for shoes - genuine leather, it's good if the sole is also leather;
  • requires the presence of a small heel, which will help to evenly distribute the load, in children at least one third of the sole should be a heel height of about 0.5-1 cm;
  • to prevent valgus deformation of the thumb is important to choose shoes with a wide nose;
  • shoes should not have an unpleasant odor or smudge;
  • during fitting shoes should not rub the skin or press fingers and heels;
  • should choose shoes on a flexible sole, which easily bends when walking and does not cause unnecessary strain on the muscles.

One of the most important properties of good shoes is comfort. Quality and comfortable shoes can last a long time and will help cope with unpleasant sensations in the feet after a long working day. These criteria are suitable not only for people with early signs of flatfoot, but also as a preventive measure of the disease. With obvious symptoms of the disease, ordinary comfortable footwear can not be dispensed with. In such cases, the orthopedic doctor appoints special shoes, based on the results of the examination.

Attention: It should be remembered that even a short but regular wearing of shoes with high heels, and even more so on stilettos, many times increases the risk of flat feet in women. A similar effect on the function and shape of the foot is provided by shoes on the platform.

Orthopedic footwear

Orthopedic footwear with flat feet in adults and older children is made individually, taking into account the anatomical features of the foot, the type and the degree of flatfoot. For example, with a flat-footed foot with the deviation of the thumb to the outside of the foot, the shoes should have a high and hard back and a wide nose. In young children, orthopedic shoes that are standardly manufactured are sometimes used. If necessary, simultaneously use orthopedic insoles. Special footwear performs the following functions:

  • corrects small deformities of the foot and compensates for its shortening,
  • extends the support area,
  • reduces the load on the painful foot sections,
  • masks external defects,
  • is the "ultimate support" for walking.

Most fully fulfilling its purpose shoes custom-made for the plaster cast of the foot. Currently, you can order a pretty beautiful orthopedic shoes, which in appearance almost does not differ from conventional models.

Important: if you have a longitudinal or transverse flatfoot, then the treatment and orthopedic insoles can be properly prescribed only by a specialist. You can not try to diagnose yourself and self-medicate yourself. Untimely and incorrect therapy can lead to disastrous consequences. In advanced cases, even have to perform a surgical procedure.

Flat-footedness is not such a harmless disease. It can lead to a rapid wear of all elements of the musculoskeletal system, including the spine. Therefore, one can not neglect flat-foot therapy. Sometimes it's better to abandon a beautiful model, but narrow and uncomfortable, high-heeled shoes to avoid serious consequences of the disease in the future.


Question. Whether it is possible most to make orthopedic insoles? ???

Tatiana Pronoza

How to make orthopedic insoles yourself.
They told me this: Take any insole that fits the inside of the shoe or cuts it to that size. Put your bare foot on the insole. Take a pencil and mark the point between the thumb and forefinger. Straight between the fingers lower the pencil and put the point. Make a cotton ball in diameter about 1, 5 cm and paste at this point with a conventional patch( not tape).
Then take a bandage roll with a width of 3.5 to 5 cm - depending on the size of the foot. Put it under the foot in the place where it is most elevated - the inner side of the foot from the heel to the fingers. I do not know how to write more clearly, where the foot does not rest on the insole. Choose a place and the thickness of the bandage, which will be most convenient. Fasten the bandage( as it is, roll, just the right width, thickness) just the usual plaster. Then paste on top of any dense fabric, for example, from old jeans, cut to the size of the insole. It is also an insole for the second leg. You do it separately, putting the second foot and doing just for it is the same as for the first. Such insoles can be rearranged from one shoe to another, and are good for children, as their legs grow quickly, and orthopedic insoles, and even individually selected, are expensive.

Kovaleva Irina

it is possible, if you look in orthopedics and can distinguish longitudinal flatfoot from transverse.

Alexander Egerev

All right, Andrew. So be it. Can!


I pour the gypsum bath up to the level of the highest arch of the foot. When the gypsum is slightly warmed up, I will get up there with my sick, but rested legs. Formed mirror images are smeared with any fatty substance and filled to the edge with a technical gel. By hardening the gel, I remove the formed products, remove the chips, fit the size and thickness.
And not FIG lose free time! AT WORK at my disposal:
cement 2.
solidolide 3.
cutter 4.
emery( 12 tons gel., At your own expense: The legs are large.)

Is the flat feet really helping the insole? How much should they be worn?2 degree. I'm 17 years old

Angry Doctor

This is a myth. Flat-footedness with the help of insoles is adjusted in 2-7 years, that is, in your case, it is a waste of money. The only-if pain in the feet-they will help to properly distribute the load.
And they are actually made individually, from an orthopedist. Stand around 1200-1500-if in the state.clinic


is little effective, flatfoot is not treated

Anna Kuchumova

Yes, their orthopedists recommend. Consult with them.


rather shoes orthopedic


I have a 3rd degree. I was told that it is necessary to individually select them, more precisely to make to order.but I did not try.

Pjatlin Nikolay

And do not carry-into the army will take!

Aleinik Elena

Flattening is not treated. Insoles - FOR and not FROM flat feet - that is, they facilitate a person's condition.


Flat-footedness is forever, and the insole helps to spread the load on the foot!

Elena Piotrovskaya

In adolescence and adulthood, you can and must persistently heal and PARTIALLY can be cured. Significantly reduce the stage
Flattening is not a particularly formidable disease, but due to poor depreciation a lot, a lot of bad side effects: head ache, bad work of the spinal cord, brain, fatigue and so on.
However, we must immediately say that among doctors there are a lot of hackers and flat feet doctors are still badly treated. It is very important to find a good masseur-manual, which would be corrected. And I worked the right muscles.
It is necessary to do a hard charging for stops.
Roll an old wooden rolling pin( you can bottle) with pressure. Walk on heels and socks, outer and inner.side of the foot.
It would be nice if qualif.doctors specially under you would make insoles. And advised how to wear them EVER always or for half a day, so that the stop itself trained. TRAINED.
In any case, a good exercise is to bend-unbend fingers of the foot( as if in a fist), it is still important that then there were no "bones".It is important to walk barefoot, but not on a level, but on pebbles, on the ground.

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