What to do with a knee injury: first aid and treatmentThe knee joint belongs to the group of the largest joints of the human body.
It plays the role of a kind of hinge that allows you to unbend and bend the shin. However, unlike the latter, the knee joint is also characterized by such an ability as rotation( movement in a circle).
Its anatomy is represented by the following components: tibia, femur and patella.
What happens when a bruise?
Under the bruise of doctors mean damage to the soft tissues of a specific area of the body.
In the case of the knee, these may include:
- Skin and subcutaneous fat .Very often with a bruise, skin is affected, resulting in a wound surface.
- Muscle fibers .As a result of damage, muscle tissues undergo strong tension, responding with a spasm that causes pain.
- Bundles of .If joint joints are damaged, the mobility of the knee joint is in question.
- Cartilage is a shock absorber that softens the movements. If the cartilage is threatened, the bones of the knee joint also suffer.
- Vessels .When the large vessel is ruptured, the functioning of the joint is disturbed.
Thus, the result of a bruise is the occurrence of difficulties in moving the foot and moving it in space.
In the absence of proper treatment, it is also possible to develop inflammation, both cartilage and bone tissue can be involved in this process. The result of a disastrous phenomenon is arthritis.
Causes of injury - common
Most often, the knee injury is received when falling, for example, when ice, at the time of exercise.
To provoke damage to the knee joint, it can also fall onto this part of the leg of a heavy object or its squeezing( in the case of an accident).
One way or another, the cause of the injury is a mechanical effect.
Varieties of trauma
The following types of pathologies are distinguished:
- without fractures;
- with bone or joint fractures;
- without dislocation;
- with a dislocation.
In addition, with a bruise, all components of the knee joint or parts of it may suffer:
- full bruise;
- partial( muscle, tendons, surrounding tissues, ligaments).
What happens when an injury occurs?
The main symptoms of a knee injury include:
- Hemarthrosis is a collection of blood in the joint cavity. This sign can be expressed in varying degrees, and it is from it that the manifestation of the remaining symptoms largely depends.
- Pain , which can take more intense character during movement or objective examination.
- Swelling of the damaged area .It is the result of swelling of soft tissues.
- Blueing of the skin of the over the injured area is a consequence of a violation of the integrity of the vessels.
- Mobility disorder , which is caused by a mechanical obstruction in the joint.
The severity of a symptom depends on a number of factors: the area of the affected area, the location of the injury, the impact force on the tissue, the angle of the impact.
Diagnosis of injury
Diagnosis of the injury, primarily based on objective examination data, which implies a visual inspection of
Tumor is a common occurrence with a knee injury of the knee joint
of the injured joint, as well as palpation of the injury site.
The next stage of diagnosis is a medical-diagnostic puncture. With its help determine the presence of fluid( blood) in the joint cavity, if necessary, remove it, which leads to a decrease in intra-articular pressure and a reduction in pain.
With an injury of the knee joint, an X-ray examination is also shown, in the course of which the integrity / damage of the bone tissues is verified. If a fracture occurs, the location of the fragments is determined.
ultrasound will help specialists assess the current state of the structural components of the joint.
In some cases, endoscopy is necessary - a procedure for puncturing the site of the injury and inserting the endoscope into the joint cavity. So you can assess the severity of the injury.
Severe knee injury: how to help the patient?
In the case of a knee injury, first aid is urgently needed. The fate of the joint largely depends on the literacy of the subsequent actions.
We consistently perform the following:
- We limit the load to the damaged area.
- We apply a piece of ice to the sore spot or any cold object. This will help prevent swelling and relieve pain.
- In case of severe, persistent pain, analgesics are needed( Analgin, Ibuprofen).
- We impose a tight bandage( in the absence of bandage, you can use any other material).Our goal is to fix the knee well, but at the same time leave the limb muscles in a comfortable state.
- The patient is laid in such a way that the injured knee is higher.
Methods of therapy
Treatment of a knee joint injury is provided to a patient in order to:
- relieve pain and swelling;
- interrupts the development of the inflammatory process;
- restoration of the functionality of the joint.
Drug treatment of the resulting injury implies the admission:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs .Among the most frequently used tools are: Oxygen;Analgin;Diclofenac;Indomethacin. These drugs are taken or injected into the joint.
- Khondroprojectors ( Collagen Ultra, Fermatron) - drugs, which include elements of joint fluid. With their help, its deficiency is compensated for and the normal functioning of the joint is maintained. Medicaments are injected into the joint cavity with a thin needle.
What else can you do with a knee injury?
An integral part of restorative therapy is exercise therapy. You can start training only with the permission of the doctor. Exercise in the case of knee injury must be preceded by a warm compress, which increases the flow of blood to the affected area.
We begin with stretching exercises, performing them at a calm pace:
- in a sitting position we reach the knees, socks;
- lying on the belly and placing a small cushion under the thigh of the diseased limb, we make a springy movement in the direction downwards;
- sitting on the edge of the chair, we put a sick leg over the healthy one and pull it back, gradually putting more and more effort;
- we lay down on the floor and we tie the load to the ankle of the diseased limb, bend the healthy leg in the knee, lift the load above the floor to a height of about 10 cm, fix the position for a few seconds, relax.
All exercises must be performed up to 10 times. After stretching, you can proceed to:
- walking( the upper part of the trunk slightly bends forward), we walk 10 minutes;
- half-squats - 20 times;
- power exercises on the upper part of the body( pushing dumbbells in the prone position);
- cycling - 10 minutes.
Will not hurt with a bruise and massage. Assign it usually 10-12 days after the injury.
Grandmother's recipes to help
There are many medicinal products of traditional medicine that can alleviate the suffering of a patient with trauma.
For the treatment of a knee injury at home, such recipes are used:
- Fresh cabbage leaf fix on the knee, leave for an hour, then change. Repeat several times in a row.
- Dry, shredded wormwood, mixed with a small amount of petroleum jelly, leave in a hot oven for 2 hours. With the finished composition, we lubricate the damaged area 3 times a day.
- Aloe pulp is mixed with fresh honey, we put on bruises and bandages. We leave for several hours.
- We rub the sore spot with laundry soap.
Possible complications of
In the absence of proper measures in case of severe injury of the knee joint, a number of complications may develop:
- Accumulation of fluid in the joint cavity. Causes severe swelling and joint enlargement in size. A plaster cast is shown, sometimes a puncture.
- Fracture or dislocation.
- Rupture / sprain of ligaments.
- Damage to the meniscus - cartilaginous joint plate. Such a trauma can lead to disability.
- Bursitis( irritation / inflammation of the bursa).When infection develops purulent bursitis, the treatment of which implies surgical intervention.
To prevent knee joint injuries, it is recommended to follow certain advices for preventive purposes:
- Maintain a good physical shape of your legs. Do exercises for stretching the back of the shin and hamstring, make the ascent of the straight legs, pulling the knees to the chest.
- Do not load your knees( avoid deep squats and slopes).
- Give preference to shoes that have good support for the arch of the foot, avoid heels.
- Regularly change shoes for sports.
Injury of the knee joint is very serious in nature, can cause partial or complete loss of joint functionality. Therefore, qualified medical care is an inalienable condition for a favorable outcome and further full-fledged life.
Knee Injury in Fall: Treatment and Recovery
Knee injury is perhaps one of the most common problems people have to face. After all, the knee joint carries a heavy load and is responsible not only for walking, running and jumping, but also for many other movements.
The most common injuries of the knee
Due to the fact that the knee joint has a rather complex structure, many components can be injured in it - ligaments, muscles, cartilage and bones. Depending on this, the following types of damage are divided:
- the easiest - a bruise arising after a stroke or fall;
- knee injury, associated with the sprain of ligaments or tendons supporting and connecting the knee cap;
- a break in the meniscus( it is an elastic septum between the upper and lower bones of the joint);
- damage to ligaments;
- cracks or fractures in the knee cup, in the lower part of the femur or in the upper part of the peroneal and tibia arising after a fall or stroke;
- dislocations in the patella region( occurs infrequently).
Knee Injuries in Excessive Exposures
Each knee injury, as listed above, arises as an acute condition as a result of physical impact on the joint. But some of them may be the consequence of prolonged loads or repetitive actions. For example, cycling, climbing stairs, jumping and running can provoke irritation or inflammation of one or another component in the knee joint.
In medicine, several types of damage are identified:
- bursitis - inflammation of synovial bags that soften the friction between the knee bones in the knee joint;
- tendonitis( inflammation) or tendonosis( tears) of tendons;
- Ficus syndrome - twisting or thickening of ligaments in the knee;
- Epicardial-femoral pain syndrome - occurs after excessive loads, excess weight, injuries or birth defects of the knee cup.
What knee joint damage can develop after a fall?
But the most common is a knee injury with a fall, expressed as a bruise, or a crack or fracture of bones.
A bruise, by the way, can be different in severity - from a simple hematoma or abrasion on the skin to a condition in which the blood accumulates in the joint from the blood vessels that burst after the stroke. Such a condition in medicine is called hemarthrosis.
And in this case, the victim, as a rule, complains of pain in the knee and difficulty walking, and the joint significantly increases in volume and under the skin sometimes visible bruise. Often, due to the accumulated content in the joint, the patient can not unbend the knee to the extremity.
Most often the symptoms of a joint injury gradually disappear even in the absence of treatment. If, even after a long time, there is a violation of the knee and impassable soreness, then the victim needs a full examination to determine the consequences of the injury.
Knee Injury: Meniscus
A direct knee kick about something solid or leaping to the feet from a high altitude can cause another damage - crushing the meniscus between the articular surfaces. And with a sudden movement( during uncoordinated bending or unbending the leg), the meniscus can completely detach from the joint capsule and break.
By the way, lesions of the lateral meniscus( on the inner side of the tibia) are 10 times less common than the medial( from the outside).In this case, the victim experiences severe pain in the joint, the leg can not be unbent. To this will later join and hemarthrosis, as with a severe bruise.
Knee Injury: Ligaments
Often in conjunction with damage to one or both menisci, the anterior cruciate and / or tibial collateral ligament protrude.
The reason for this can serve as a blow to the joint, and sharp uncoordinated abduction of the shank in combination with its movement outward. Externally, sprains or ligament ruptures are manifested by severe pain in the limb, limited mobility of the leg, reflex tension of its muscles, swelling around the joint, formation of effusion and phenomena of hemarthrosis.
After a knee injury involving damage to the ligaments, the injured leg should be kept in a raised position on the cushion or platen of clothing, a fixative( but not tight!) Dressing is applied to the knee and for 15-20 minutes. Cold compress( during the day it can be applied up to 3 times).The patient should be immediately taken to a traumatologist or orthopedist.
Fracture of knee bones
After a severe knee stroke or a fall from the height, the patient may show fractures of the knee cap, lower part of the femur, or the upper part of the fibular and tibia.
The named knee injury is expressed by severe pain, exacerbated by the slightest movement of the foot, swelling quickly forms around the joint, it becomes immobile and noticeably deformed. The patient may have a fever and develop a severe bruise.
If you suspect a fracture of the bones, you should always fix your leg with any long straight object in one position to avoid the displacement of bone fragments. The leg is bandaged to a homemade tire, and the existing wounds are treated with an antiseptic solution. To reduce edema and pain to the knee, you can apply an ice compress, which, by the way, hold for more than 20 minutes. Not recommended.
The patient should be rushed to the hospital for further assistance.
Treatment of various knee injuries
If the patient has a knee injury, the treatment will depend on what kind of diagnosis the specialists put in - it can be either outpatient or stationary. The patient must make an x-ray of the damaged joint or his ultrasound examination.
If an incision or pinching of the meniscus is detected, the patient is given a procedure for releasing it. In the case when this is impossible for some reason, the joint is stretched using a special device. To stop the pain, the patient is prescribed "Indomethacin" tablets, "Diclofenac" ointment, "Promedol" drug intramuscularly or in tablets.
In severe cases, with a meniscus rupture, the patient is shown surgical treatment.
When stretching ligament used anti-inflammatory drugs( ointment "Diclofenac" or "Voltaren"), ointments containing anticoagulants( "Lyoton").To these agents, the "Dimexide" ointment is added, which improves the delivery of the main active substance into the tissues.
Fractures are treated by the application of a special bandage, which ensures the immobility of the joint, and in the case of the presence of multiple debris, an operation is performed to compare them in anatomical order. When the cartilage tissue is damaged, the patient is shown the use of chondroprotectors that help restore it( Chondroitin, Rumalon, etc.).
How and what to treat a knee injury
The knee joint, unlike other components of the skeleton, has the maximum load. In this regard, our knees are not insured against minor injuries.
How and what to treat a knee injury at home? Such a trauma is very unpleasant, and sometimes it does serious harm to human health.
People who are active in sports often face bruises, which causes them to leave training for a while. But no matter what the bruise of the knee, you can always cope with this problem. The main thing is to provide first aid on time and conduct adequate treatment. Doctors advise not to stop moving when getting an injury of this kind.
And although the knee joint injury is all unpleasant, it does not require surgical treatment. Many do not take this trauma seriously and very vainly: a non-treated bruise can be a reason for anxiety and discomfort when moving on in the future. Most often, the injury occurs when falling on the knee joint, for example, during ice or sports. Another cause of a knee injury is the fall on this part of the foot or its squeezing by some heavy object. Either way, damage of this type occurs in the case of mechanical action.
As a rule, the bruise of the knee, albeit the easiest, does not pass without a trace. Symptoms of injury can be varied depending on the degree of damage and other factors: angle, force and area of impact. The clinical picture in all cases is manifested by the following symptoms:
- Pain. The most intense it is at the time of knee injury, and also some time after it. Gradually the pain syndrome decreases, making itself felt only with motor activity;
- Hematoma. In the event that the blood vessels were damaged during a bruise, a dark maroon bruise is formed on the knee. It can have different scales;
- Edema and compaction. After an injury, the knee can swell, for some time it will be difficult to bend the leg and even walk.
When the blood from the ruptured vessel enters the articular cavity, the knee strongly swells and increases in size. Having found out any of the symptoms after getting an injury, hurry to ask a question, than to treat a knee injury, to a trauma doctor.
After injury to the knee, immediate first aid should be given to the victim. In this situation it is necessary:
- Immobilize the injured knee, ensuring complete rest;
- Apply cold compress to the place of injury for 10-15 minutes. After 10 minutes repeat the procedure;
- In case of intolerable pain, give the patient an anesthetic.
After the pain subsides a little and the patient's condition improves, it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor about how to treat a knee injury.
Today in pharmacies you can find a lot of drugs to treat injuries of this kind. However, it is not recommended to use medications without a doctor's appointment. An improperly selected medication may not have the desired effect, which can cause disruption of the normal functioning of the knee and the appearance of chronic pain. Than to treat a bruise of a knee advise physicians today?
- NSAIDs( analgin, diclofenac, oxigane, indomethacin, etc.).Anesthetics can be taken in the form of tablets or joint injections;
- Chondroprojectors( collagen ultra, fermatron and others).Replenish the lack of fluid in the joint after the injury, support the normal operation of the knee joint;
- Local anesthetic ointments( diclac, indomethacin, diclofenac, etc.).They have a local analgesic effect directly on the bruise, reduce pain and swelling, accelerate healing by bruising.
Other ways of
How to treat a knee injury other than drug therapy? The imposition of a dense fixative bandage is an important point in the treatment of knee joint injuries. In such cases, as a rule, an elastic bandage is used.
In the video below are offered folk remedies for the treatment of knee and other bruises:
However, if there is no way to fix the joint to them, you can use the improvised means of wardrobe: scarf, shawl, shirt, etc. Until the knee finally heals, protect the joint from the load. The first few days after injury are prohibited any motor activity. Then you should gradually develop the joint with the help of therapeutic gymnastics and leisurely walking around the house.Read more about
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In the article we will consider 2 importantthe issue of tangents of both masculine and feminine health. The first, bruise of the knee - how to treat it and the second, what to do with stretched muscles.
1. Knee Injury
Knee injury is usually very painful. Despite whether the bone was broken in this place, this type of injury often causes hemorrhages around the injury site. That the doctor could precisely diagnose gravity of damage and presence of a fracture, it is necessary to make a roentgen-shot. However, in most cases, bone connections remain unaffected. Bruising is usually the result of severe bruises, especially during sports.
Knee Injury Treatment
1. Symptoms of a bruised knee.
Knee injury can be very irritating and interfere with normal functioning. Bruises are accompanied by gusts of pain, stiffness of movements and swelling. In some cases, the skin around the bruise can turn blue. Weather changes can increase pain. A severely bruised knee often provokes problems with walking.
2. How to treat bruises?
If the pain is severe, you can first take painkillers, for example, ibuprofen or acetaminophen( paracetamol).
Also remove the swelling and reduce the pain can help applying ice. Applying ice compresses for 5-10 minutes three times a day will help to cope with swelling. Remember, however, that you should not put ice directly on the skin. Place the ice cubes in a foil or polyethylene bag and additionally wrap with a thin cloth or towel. Only in this form, ice can be applied to the bruised place.
Do not strain your knee too much. Excess of movement and lack of rest for a sick leg can significantly slow down the healing and provoke a relapse of pain.
You can also consult a specialist to learn about other methods of treating a bruised knee. Your doctor can recommend a series of exercises that will help keep the joints in good shape and prevent abrasion of the tissues. In addition, a specialist can also prescribe you electrotherapy. It consists in the application of permanent and variable electrical impulses to the affected area. Such therapy helps to relieve pain and accelerate blood circulation. In addition, the healing of bruises and edema accelerates.
The fact is that any contusions violate the body's magnetic field. Electrotherapy produces electrical impulses that occur in nature every time the body struggles with injuries. Electrotherapy is trying to mimic these natural impulses and helps the body in regeneration, thereby accelerating the healing process of wounds and bruises. The magnitude of the electric current that is used in this case is so insignificant that it is almost invisible to the patient. Treatment with this method is also very effective in the fight against chronic pain.
3. Supplements to help with the treatment of bruises.
Well, if you provide your body with bromelain. This is a natural enzyme derived from pineapple. It helps fight inflammation, edema and pain, improves joint mobility. You will find it in special preparations, which you can consult at the pharmacy. Bromelain has an even more effective effect if taken in parallel with vitamins C and K. Thanks to vitamin C, the healing process is significantly accelerated, while vitamin K is needed to build a healthy bone structure.
4. How to cure a knee injury at home?
Maybe it's hard to believe, but a bruised knee will help cure cabbage. Just take a few cabbage leaves and heat them( for example, on radiators or on a hot water pot cover), and crush a little so that they let the juice in( you can make it a rocker or a hammer to beat the meat).Prepared in this way, cabbage leaf, attach to the bruised place, and tie with a towel or apply a bandage bandage. Best if you do it at night. Cabbage juice will help "pull" the knee swelling. This old "grandfather" method is very effective.
From folk methods to treat bruises, you can also apply compresses made of urine, grated raw potatoes or a mixture of rye and white flour mixed with water.
If the injured knee is not treated for a long time, it can lead to various complications. As a minimum, the treatment process is prolonged. At the same time, the use of appropriate therapy immediately after the injury contributes to a rapid and effective healing. Remember, however, that the injury can not go away for a day or two. Depending on the severity of the injury, the recovery process can take from one week to several months.
2. Stretching of muscles
Stretching muscles can be very painful. This trouble can overtake us even during the performance of natural actions. Stretching of muscles occurs when we over-exert them, strain them, or use them beyond their strength. This can lead to more serious complications. The most effective method of treatment is the use of ibuprofen and the replacement of warm and cold compresses. Below you will find more detailed tips.
Stretching of muscles treatment
1. First of all, stop producing actions that would trigger muscle strain. Of course, you yourself will feel that there is a stretch, because you will feel in that area a sharp, stabbing pain.
2. Use cold compresses during the first 24 hours after injury. It is best to use ice cubes wrapped in cloth for this purpose. Hold ice on the aching site for 20 minutes, making 5-minute breaks. Then wait about half an hour and again apply ice. After 24 hours you can use warm and cold compresses alternately. Put a hot compress on the aching muscle for 20 minutes, then make a half-hour break and put a cold compress on the affected area - also for 20 minutes.
3. If the pain is very annoying, you can resort to medicines containing ibuprofen. Take them at intervals of 4 to 6 hours. The normal dose is about 2 tablets. It should be non-steroid drugs that will help you reduce pain and inflammation.
4. For about three days, try not to strain your muscles. Moreover, it is desirable to limit any of their movement. The fact is that the muscles need to be kept from the loads until that time, until their full recovery comes. They will recover the faster, the more you let them rest in the early stages of damage.
5. If in a few days you feel better, start to slowly train and stretch the muscles. Stretching accelerates blood circulation, which will promote their fastest healing.
6. Also in the process of muscle recovery, water therapy can be useful. During your stay in the pool or jacuzzi, slowly strain and relax your muscles. The same can be done at home while taking a bath.
Further stress of damaged muscles can cause more serious damage. If after a few days the pain does not go away, seek help from a doctor.
Knee injury: treatment, consequences and what to treat if the tumor does not pass - Health Era
What happens when a bruise? What are the consequences of such an injury?
In general, a bruise is damage to the soft tissues of a particular part of the body. Yes, soft tissues are regenerated much faster than hard tissues( in particular, bone), but treatment is still necessary. It is worth explaining why.
So, first, we list the tissues that will be involved in the process with a knee injury:
- Skin, subcutaneous tissue. Often, damage affects the skin, although in some cases, their integrity may persist. If the integrity is broken, then certainly the wound surface is formed.
- Muscles. Yes, they suffer too. To damage the muscle tissue respond with a strong tension, that is, spasm. A spasm is pain.
- Bundles in trauma can also be affected. And if joint joints are involved in the process, the integrity of the joint can be disturbed, which will certainly affect mobility.
- Cartilage can also be damaged, and cartilage plays a role as a shock absorber and softens all movements. Without them, the ends of the bones would rub against each other and gradually erode.
- And the vessels can be damaged. If there is a rupture of a large vessel, the blood passing through it can accumulate, for example, in the joint cavity( and this will significantly disrupt its functioning).
Knee injury must be treated.
Now it is worthwhile to directly touch upon the consequences of such a trauma as a knee injury. Why should it be treated? The functioning of the tissues is disturbed, which will greatly impede the movement of the leg and movement. The most dangerous is damage to the cartilage. But ligaments and muscles also provide mobility, so that their work is no less important.
And one more reason why trauma should be treated. Violation of integrity can trigger inflammation. And if treatment in this case will not be conducted, the inflammation will begin to spread. In this case, the process can involve not only cartilaginous tissue, but also bone. As a result, such an unpleasant disease as arthritis can develop. Also irreversible changes of a dystrophic nature will begin, which will lead to destruction of tissues.
In most cases, a knee injury is obtained by falling on this part of the foot( for example, while walking in the ice, during sports or under any other circumstances).But such a trauma can also be obtained due to a drop on a knee of some heavy object or by squeezing this part of the foot( this often happens during traffic accidents).Either way, damage can not occur by itself and is always a consequence of mechanical action.
Symptoms of such injuries can be different, depending on a number of factors of influence: the angle of impact, the area of damage, the force of impact, and also the location of the injury. But in any case, the signs are unlikely to go unnoticed. Let's list some of them:
- Pain in the field of impact. Especially strong it directly at the time of damage, as well as some time after it. Then the pain may be weakened, but they will not go away at all and will make themselves felt during the movement( when walking, especially when running, and when bending the knee joint) and even at rest if the injury is serious. The pain will increase with pressure, and with palpation you can find a particularly painful area.
- If the vessels are damaged, the hematoma( bruise) is formed at the injury site. It can be quite extensive( almost the whole area of the patella and even more) and have a dark burgundy shade.
- A tumor is formed at the lesion site, a seal. In other words, there will be a lump. It can be quite dense and hard to touch. When you press on it, there will be pain.
- Mobility can be severely limited. It will be difficult to bend or unbend the leg in the knee, and sometimes walk and even just stand.
- If the vessel is damaged and blood enters the joint cavity, then the entire knee will be swollen, it can greatly increase in size.
If you notice any damage after such symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. Most likely, you have a knee injury, in this case treatment is required. Otherwise, serious consequences are possible.
To exclude the possibility of a fracture, the doctor will prescribe an X-ray of the knee joint.
To begin treating a bruised knee, it is important to determine what exactly this injury is happening to be. A traumatologist can do this on examination. But it is important to exclude the possibility of serious damage( fracture, for example).To do this, it is necessary to conduct an X-ray study, which will also assess the extent of the lesion and prescribe the correct treatment.
To help the victim with this injury, the following should be done:
- The bruised knee should not move, it can lead to more damage to the tissues, as well as to the occurrence of severe swelling and hemorrhages. Therefore, the joint should provide complete peace.
- Cold can be applied to the damage site. Frozen food or a bottle of cold water may be suitable for these purposes. A cold compress is applied directly to the affected area for 10-15 minutes. After 10-15 minutes the procedure can be repeated.
- With severe pain, the victim can take an anesthetic.
But after that, you need to go to the doctor, since treating this damage yourself is dangerous to health!
What should I do?
So, how to treat a knee injury? You can do this at home, but it is important to comply with all the prescriptions of the doctor.
This is what measures can include treatment:
- Cold compresses can still be applied( within 2-3 days), they will help to remove puffiness and relieve pain.
- Treatment may involve the imposition of a tight bandage. To do this, take an elastic bandage. Position the leg in a comfortable position( slightly bend, do not straighten completely) and start bandaging the site, beginning with the lower third of the thigh and sinking down. Bandage should reach up to one third of the eggs. Make sure that the dressing is not too tight, and all muscles are relaxed.
- With the preservation of the pain syndrome, analgesics( "Nurofen", "Ketanov" and others) can be prescribed.
If the pain does not pass then the doctor can appoint Nurofen.
- Treat inflammation with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is possible to use both local and common drugs( sometimes simultaneously).For example, you can use "Indomethacin" or "Diclofenac" ointments. Inside, you can take similar drugs( the names are the same).
- "Heparin ointment" or "Lyoton" can be prescribed for resorption of the hematoma. Such remedies remove edema and inflammation, promote blood thinning.
- About a week after the injury, you can begin treatment with physiotherapy procedures. For example, UHF therapy works well, sometimes electrophoresis is prescribed. Such methods allow to accelerate the regeneration of tissues.
- To treat a knee injury you can and folk remedies. Grind the leaves of plantain, mix them with the same amount of pork fat. Apply the obtained ointment to the affected area three times or four times a day.
- When a patient accumulates in the joint cavity of blood, the doctor will appoint a puncture. A puncture will be made, through which the blood will be removed.
- To restore lost due to the forced immobility of the function of the joint will help special therapeutic gymnastics. But do not overexert, increase the load gradually.
If there was a knee injury, what to do, swollen knee - how to treat such a trauma? These questions are often asked by the trauma patient. From the injuries of the limbs, no one is immune. Many people face this problem. As a rule, people are not serious about injuries to the knee. However, very often a knee injury requires professional help from a doctor.
What if you hurt your knee?
You can not hedge against injury. Even with severe knee injury, it is necessary to provide first aid before the doctor arrives. There is nothing complicated here, but if you do not, complications may appear.
Most often, knee injuries are obtained by falling or colliding with a solid object. To treat a knee it is necessary immediately. This will avoid the formation of bruises and serious consequences in the form of hemorrhage.
- Fix the knee in a comfortable position.
- You must attach an ice pack or a cold towel. This will reduce puffiness. In addition, it's a great way to stop bleeding, if there is one.
- If there is an open wound, it is important that it does not get contaminated.
- Apply a tight bandage or use a flexible bandage. You can impose a special knee.
- Take a comfortable position, it will avoid pain.
- You can not bend and unbend your leg, otherwise you can get a dislocation.
In order to avoid inflammation, you need to take Analgin, Paracetamol, Diclofenac or Spasmalgon. In addition, these funds will help to remove pain. In the event that the pain is severe, then you need to call the doctors.
If the condition does not improve, you should visit a doctor.
In order to relieve the pain and inflammation, you can use a local remedy in the form of an ointment. It can be Menovasinum, Levomecol or Diclofenac.
For some time it is necessary to provide a damaged knee rest. This is important in order for the joint to recover, and it will prevent even more serious damage. It is necessary to raise the leg upwards, in order to reduce the flow of blood. If there is a suspicion of serious injury, you should see a doctor.
What if there was a bruise, knee swelling and pain? The biggest danger of a bruise is that the skin most often remains intact, there may be minor scratches or bruises. Do not forget that sometimes for all this may hide a fracture, with fragments or a mixture of bones. Even if he overgrows himself, it will lead to disability. Therefore, in order to avoid this, you need to undergo a survey.
There are symptoms that can help distinguish a bruise from fracture or dislocation:
- After a bruise, a sharp pain appears in the knee area. In the absence of serious damage, it passes after a while. However, with serious damage, it can build up, and swelling may increase.
- Skin over the affected knee turns red, which is a sign of synovitis, which is a response to the damage.
- Another symptom is a tumor. Sometimes it can be observed that the joint has increased in volume. This is because liquid begins to accumulate in its cavity.
- One of the consequences of a contusion is hemarthrosis, which manifests itself as a hemorrhage into the joint cavity. With a strong internal bleeding, the joint increases in volume several times.
If the injury is severe, then there is a chance that the leg will lose mobility.
These are the symptoms that characterize the bruise. If they do not disappear for a long time, then this can be a reason for anxiety and you need to see a doctor. The most frequent complication that occurs after a fall or stroke is the displacement inside the joint. Another complication is arthrosis of the knee joint.Back to the table of contents
How to treat a knee injury
Treatment should begin immediately. In order to eliminate pain and relieve inflammation, you should take an anesthetic and provide the patient with peace. If the swelling is severe, then you need to go to the hospital, where they will make a puncture, which will eliminate the fluid from the joint.
A fixative bandage is applied to the site of the bruise. An analgesic ointment has a good effect, which has an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. Doctors advise to avoid sudden movements, especially the first few days after the injury. It is impossible to provide complete peace of mind, so you need to tune in to the fact that the process of recovery will be long.
There are effective traditional medicine that can be used only after consultation with a doctor. In order to relieve pain, you need to take inside the tincture of mint and valerian.
You can apply a compress using an alcohol tincture made from white lily. It is fixed with a bandage.
Effective anti-edematous action is a vegetable oil. It is used to prepare a remedy, which includes boiled water, vinegar and vegetable oil. It is necessary to mix all the components in equal proportions, get a towel in the liquid and apply to the bruise. Keep it should be at least 4-5 hours, and then take a break and repeat the treatment.Back to the table of contents
What complications can be after a knee injury
A frivolous attitude towards a knee joint injury can lead to complications. That's why you need to start treatment immediately, and with severe trauma you need to see a doctor. One of the complications is the fluid that accumulates in the joint. This process leads to a strong puffiness, and to an increase in the joint in size. The only way to cure this is by imposing gypsum, which leads to impaired mobility. Sometimes a puncture is required, which allows liquid to be eliminated.
The patella is very uncomfortable, so when you hit it, you can easily get a dislocation or fracture. If you can not cure them in time, you can remain disabled. The most common complication is sprain or ligament rupture. One of the characteristic manifestations of stretching is the lack of the ability to stand on the foot. Movements become painful and difficult.
Upon impact, regardless of the degree of severity, often a meniscus is damaged. Meniscus is a small cartilaginous plate, which is located in the region of the knee joint. There are only two. If you do not provide medical assistance in time, this leads to the fact that the meniscus begins to gradually deteriorate. The consequences of this can be quite serious, and even disability can occur.
Knee edema can very often be associated with bursitis. Very often it leads to an increase in body temperature and is accompanied by severe pain. In the event that there is an infected wound, there is a risk of developing purulent bursitis, which can be cured only through surgery.
As you can see, a knee injury can lead to quite serious consequences, especially if it is not treated. If the symptoms of injury can not be eliminated at home, then you need to go to the clinic and be treated. Timely and correct treatment can help to avoid serious consequences. Knee injury what should I do? Treatment, first aid, photo |Medical portal
In this article you will learn everything about a knee injury. You will learn how to treat a knee injury, what to do, first aid with a knee injury, what consequences there may be, etc. Do not forget that a knee injury is very dangerous, you can stop walking because of this, do not let things go by themselves. Knee injury treatment requires unequivocal, as you will read about in the article, just look at the photo.
Knee injury is one of the most common injuries, which is a frequent occurrence not only in adults, but also in the youngest children. Starting from a certain age of a person, this type of injury represents a rather serious danger to the health of the body. Many people simply do not understand how much everything can be serious, especially if the trauma occurs with various complications. There are situations when even the most banal knee injury consequences are extremely unpleasant. For example, a few years after a person received a foot injury from the , he can not walk or experience severe joint pain. Unfortunately, prevention of contusions does not exist, but this can be successfully managed with the help of timely and proper treatment. To see the bruise of the knee, photos are presented on various medical sites. The view is extremely unpleasant, but it can help in the future to assess the degree of damage, if this happens to you or your loved ones.
Photo of knee injury:
Many believe that when a knee injury occurs the treatment will not create any complications. In fact - it's not at all, because the joints can be damaged for a variety of reasons. As a rule, the diagnosis of injury is set by the elimination of all kinds of injuries, which are more serious in nature. To diagnose different methods are used, very often x-rays of the knee in two projections, which gives the most informative result. In most cases, palpation is impossible, because of severe pain.
Causes and main symptoms
The knee injury in a child is not uncommon, which is explained by the high activity of the younger generation. The main cause of this injury is a fall on the knee or when a person hits something. Even a regular jogging can seriously damage the knee joint. Many are familiar with the fall on the ice in winter, where the knee and elbow joints are most often damaged. In turn, a knee injury can occur when the tibia is tilted excessively to the side, which leads to rupture of the ligaments. Particularly affected by this problem are people involved in sports such as football, parkour( street acrobatics), athletes, martial arts and many others. The very first and typical symptom is a sharp localized pain, which in some cases is simply unbearable. Swelling of the knee joint and a specific color change in the area of trauma are noted. Tumescence appears as a result of the formation of hemarthrosis( hemorrhage in the joint), with damage to blood vessels. The restriction of the joint in the usual movements is traced, which is clearly hampered by very severe pain. A severe knee injury can cause temporary loss of consciousness, due to pain shock.
If the symptoms do not fit or are not suitable, read the articles about rupture of the anterior and anterior cruciate ligament of the knee , about rupture of the knee joints of the knee joint and habitual dislocation of the knee joint .
First aid for knee injury
First aid for a knee injury is as follows: to provide maximum protection to the affected joint, excluding even the most minor loads. An effective method in this situation is the use of cold. Cold procedures lead to vasospasm, which reduces the scale of internal hemorrhage. It is very important to stop the build-up of hemarthrosis, because the hematoma squeezes the nerve endings and creates intense pain sensations. If the incident occurred on the street and movement in the limbs is severely limited, you need to call an ambulance. Before the arrival of doctors, you need to sit on a bench and raise your injured leg as high as possible to reduce the flow of blood. Primary methods of treatment greatly influence the further effectiveness of recovery, so do not neglect even a second.
Knee injury treatment
Knee injury what to do? Any knee injury requires careful treatment and a special approach. In the presence of a strong pain syndrome, under the supervision of a doctor, anesthesia is carried out with various medications. As a rule, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used: Ketanov, Diclofenac, Analgin, and others. You can use different ointment from bruises .To remove swelling and reduce pain, the doctor punctures the knee and sucks the accumulated blood. Next, a fixing bandage is applied, which will limit movement and will warm the damaged area. If you do not know the exact diagnosis, do not self-medicate, as this can lead to various complications.
The first days after injury, it is recommended to limit any movement in the joint, so that it can be restored more quickly. With such a trauma, the rehabilitation period is very long, because the knee is a movement. But, it can be corrected by applying various healing procedures. For example, the patient is prescribed physiotherapy. As an aid, various ointments containing anti-inflammatory and analgesic components also serve: Traumeel C, arthroactive, fastum gel, ferbedone, Lyoton and others. For rapid healing of the knee joint, chondroprotective agents are also used: gel and Collagen Ultra cream. The question of how to treat a knee injury can be successfully answered by folk medicine. It can be ointments based on pork fat with the addition of plantain leaves. You can apply ointment based on a saber. Typically, a knee injury requires 2 to 3 weeks for normal recovery. In more severe cases, the rehabilitation period is significantly increased. So take care of yourself!
Video: Human Anatomy - Knee