Treatment of arthrosis of the shoulder joint by physical exercises
With arthrosis of the shoulder joint, there are sharp restrictions in the movement of the hands: raising your arm high or pulling it behind your back is sometimes very difficult because of pain. The shoulder becomes frozen. Injections with NSAIDs and corticosteroids relieve acute pain and inflammation, but do not improve the mobility of the joint itself. To restore all the functions of the shoulder, you need gymnastics for arthrosis of the shoulder joint.
Therapeutic gymnastics improves mobility of the shoulder joint
Gymnastics in brachial arthrosis: video, exercises
Treat the pain the pain that arises during movement seems absurd:
Before LFK unless the shoulder hurts, and everything inside calls for peace. But this very peace can be ruinous.
Deforming arthrosis leads to ossification of ligaments and tendons of the joint and fouling with osteophytes. In the future, complete fusion and immobility of the joint may occur. In this case, only movement and can still save
So what kind of medical gymnastics is it? Maybe then, without regretting the aching joints, tackle the barbell or swinging dumbbells - what could be better for the shoulder?
The fact is that such exercises are strictly not suitable:
Therapeutic exercises for the shoulder joint should exclude the load, that is, no lifting of the weights and no muscle pumping is out of the question.
In the period of exacerbation, only static exercises permitting strains in the muscles of the forearms, shoulder blades, and the radial hand are permissible, but the shoulder joint itself should not move or take an axial load.
This gymnastics is called isometric otherwise. Its essence is that the tension should be combined with relaxation( post-isometric relaxation).The goal is to achieve relaxation, in which the pain passes
. The second option is isometric exercises - they are performed either in an absolutely relaxed state( the aching arm can hang and swing like a pendulum), or a healthy arm helps the patient.
Examples of static exercises for brachial arthrosis
Isometric exercises exclude motion with load in the affected joint
Move the wall
- Face the wall at a distance of the arm bent at the elbow
- Push, how much you can palm off the wall, as if you want to move it
- At the same timeyou will feel the tension in the forearm and shoulder girdle, the very shoulders remain motionless
- Keep the force from 10 to 30 seconds then relax
Bounce off the wall
- Turn around cnwe try to push off from the surface of the wall
- Simultaneously we resist it and we stay in place
- As in the previous( and following) exercises, the relaxation follows in the finale
- We grab the injured arm with the opposite healthy arm
- Trying to pull the forearm aside while holding it with your hand
- Put your fingers on the injured shoulder
- Lift the shoulder upwards, pressurizing it with your fingers
- Bendhands in the elbows in front of you, and the hands in the fist
- We rest against each other with our fists and with pressure we press each other
Another version of such a battle with ourselves:
- We put both elbows on the table
- We grab the patient with the palm of a healthy hand and tryput it not the table
- Resist the patient by hand
- Lean with a healthy hand about the edge of the chair
- The other freely hangs and swings like a pendulum
- Standing, swing the corners of the body relaxed aching joint
- Hand as attached and follow the body
- Slowly increase the amplitude of rotation, and at one point throw your hand on the opposite shoulder
Help the shoulder
- Brush a healthy hand on the deltoid muscle of the affected shoulder, just belowshoulder shoulder
- Push hard against the shoulder and pull it aside as far as we can.
- Hold the voltage as in the previous examples, and then relax
The full complex of isometric exercises for the shoulder joint - in the link at the very end of the article.
If you perform the exercises correctly, the result will be a loss of pain and a gradual release of the joint.
Gymnastics of "small" movements
Shoulder-scapular periarthritis and arthrosis can be a source of prolonged pain.
Another way to adjust to these conditions, and to practice after all the curative gymnastics, is based on the principle of small, gentle movements, in which the load on the joint is minimal. Moreover, movement in the joint occurs even with such exercises, seemingly unrelated to the shoulder joints, like. .. walking on the sitting place.
This gymnastics is recommended for the elderly and with deforming arthrosis of the late stage .
If you are interested, then look at the set of exercises from this video:
Video: LFK with shoulder-scapular periarthritis
Dynamic gymnastics for arthrosis of the shoulder joint, in which the shoulder is engaged in active movement, is performed in a subacute period and during the onset of remission.
Examples of exercises performed during the subacute period and during the remission of
This may include the following exercises:
- Shoulder lift and shoulders rotation
- Blade jointing together
- Hand joints on the back on the shoulder:
The hand that is closer to the blade is located below itfingers up, and the far hand - above the fingers down
- The exercises with a gymnastic stick are also irreplaceable, the complex with which is given in the second video
. When practicing exercise therapy, we must not forget that it is part of a comprehensive treatmentI arthrosis and is effective if it is used in conjunction with other therapies :
- Manual therapy
- Physiotherapy, etc.
Requirements for exercise therapy for brachial arthrosis
- Therapeutic gymnastics is selected by a rehabilitator on the basis of a specific diagnosis
- She must avoid sudden movements andloads that can damage the shoulder joint
- LFK is not performed with pain and if there are contraindications
Video: LFK with gymnastic stick
Isometric exercises of Igor Borshchenkofor the joints of the hands and forearms:
Dr. Bubnovsky: exercises and gymnastics for the shoulder joints
This is only part of the possible diseases of the shoulder joint. The pain has a diverse character, but, most importantly, it speaks about the damage to this important anatomical formation.
Because of this, it is of great importance to apply preventive measures from an early age. And those who are already suffering from diseases with obvious symptoms just need the right complex therapy to prevent their progression.
An important component of the treatment is gymnastics for the shoulder joints.
Kinesiotherapy of the shoulder joint
Special physical exercises, created by Dr. Sergey Mikhailovich Bubnovsky, are aimed at restoring the mobility of not only individual joints, but the entire musculoskeletal system.
The emphasis in Bubnovsky's program for the treatment of pain in the shoulder joint is not placed on pharmacological drugs, but on the internal hidden reserves of the body.
Shoulder kinesiotherapy, i.e. motion treatment, can be used by people of all ages and with any severity of the disease. Of great importance is the daily practice of this simple complex of exercises and the gradual increase in the number of repetitions.
Rules of gymnastics by the method of Dr. Bubnovsky
At the time of aggravation of the disease of the shoulder joint, which can be manifested by swelling, redness, especially severe pain in the affected area, it is necessary to reduce or completely exclude physical exertion on the shoulder, that is, performing exercises.
After this period, when the pain decreases, you can slowly begin the process of restoring the joint and muscles. Begin the exercise of the exercises gradually, noting the inner sensations. If a person feels pain and discomfort, do not stop the gym, you need to overcome this, while increasing the load. If suddenly there is a sharp articular pain in the shoulder, the exercises must be temporarily stopped.
The effectiveness of kinesiotherapy of the shoulder joint is manifested by a decrease in the intensity of painful sensations, an increase in the volume of movements, better tolerability of physical exertion and, of course, a good mood of a person.
Gymnastics for shoulder joints, developed by Dr. Bubnovsky, is used in specialized centers. But these exercises can easily be used for treatment at home.
Every morning, patients should perform special exercises. Immediately after sleep, without getting out of bed, you need to warm up - stretch up, spread your hands to the side, behind the head, forward. After warm-up, a person gets up and exercises. At first, 15-20 minutes of gymnastics is enough.
Doctor Bubnovsky says that only the first lessons will be painful. He advises to reduce pain with a contrast shower or ice compress on the shoulder area. All movements are recommended to perform on exhalation, which relaxes the thoracic area and reduces blood pressure on the affected tissue. After a long time of regular classes, there should be relief.
For gymnastics at home you can use various dumbbells in weight 1, 2, 5, 10 kg. With their help, a person performs exercises that strengthen the muscles, increase blood flow in the shoulder area, and develop a volume of movements in the joint.
One of the simplest exercises that you can do at home is lifting standing or sitting dumbbells above yourself. Their weight depends on the capabilities of the shoulder joints. Over time, you need to increase the load. The number of lifts is the same every time - 20 times for 1 approach. With these dumbbells, you can perform an exercise that involves lifting them to the sides.
Special rubber bandages are also used instead of this inventory. During training, hands rise up, through the sides and from behind the head.
"Pain is a friend of the body with a minus sign."So says Dr. Bubnovsky. Thanks to it, people learn about problems with the shoulder joint. Overcoming the pain and performing these simple exercises that are aimed at restoring hypertrophied muscles and the affected joint, it is completely independent of this problem.
It is best to undergo kinesitherapy under the supervision of specialists and engage in exercise therapy on simulators.
In accordance with WHO statistics, virtually every inhabitant of the planet knows what is the joint pain. And the age of man here is not to blame, because the matter is not at all in the processes of aging the body, its wear and tear.
Nature created man as a being mobile. She was unaware that the scientific and technological revolution would put her child into a pig - hypodynamia. Ancient man, like his smaller brothers, had to constantly move in order to simply exist. And with such a lively lifestyle, a person simply could not suffer from arthrosis, arthritis, osteochondrosis.
But progress has played a cruel joke on us. We voluntarily deprive ourselves of mobility, active action. Being tired of sitting or standing at work, at home we lay down on the sofa to rest. And we should move: run, jump, swim, but. ...But not only a sedentary lifestyle destroys our body as a whole and joints in particular. In modern life, hypodynamia has associates: stress, malnutrition, bad habits. And the result is obvious: pain in the joints, which, of course, do not bring joy when moving.
But the diseases of the musculoskeletal system do not develop in our body apart. No. They entail problems with vital organs: the heart, the lungs, the brain. Of course, sitting and standing in a person's life are inevitable actions. But if a person stays in one position for a long time, the joints are loaded unevenly: some are overworked and work for wear, while others are inactive. And not only the joints suffer: the movement of blood is violated, which means that the cells of our bodies are not receiving oxygen and nutrients that they need for a full-time life.
It would be unfair to say that the problems with the joints and the spine only arise because of our way of life. This is not the only reason. The condition of the musculoskeletal system is influenced by climate, housing conditions, heredity, hormonal background of the body, excess weight, and much more.
Still, doctors say that the main reason is the inability of most people to reasonably calculate the load: merciless mindless exploitation of a person's body, unfortunately, leads to the fact that he wears out much earlier than the time allotted to him by nature.
The renowned Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov proved in practice that the human body is a self-regulating, self-improving, self-restoring mechanism, followed by care, repair and, most importantly, prevention, because the destruction of one small detail leads to the breakdown of the wholestructure.
"Prevention is great!- think people who have problems with joints have already become a reality. - And what should we do, in which even the most insignificant, but vital movements cause sometimes unbearable pain? The pain limiting not only movement, but also a life? »
Here the most important - to not despair! The good news that gives such people hope is that the degenerative processes occurring in their joints can be stopped. And with a reasonable approach, perseverance and perseverance and heal, because at present there is such a division of medicine as kinesiotherapy. Believe me, please, Academician Pavlov, a man is, when creating the necessary and correct conditions, a self-destructing machine. Any age. From any state.
Skeptics, of course, may object that age-related changes are genetically programmed. But such reflections are an occasion not for grief, but for reasonable actions. If you do not rely on pills, rubbish and injections, and make friends with "smart" exercises, your joints, muscles, ligaments, spine can be revived.
Treatment of diseases of the neck and shoulder joints in the acute period is the task of physicians: traumatologists, neurologists, therapists, surgeons. And for this they have a whole arsenal of conservative, surgical, physiotherapeutic devices. But after the end of the acute period, the physician of physiotherapy, the kinesiotherapist, the manualist, the osteopath should take their place in the course of treatment, who must select special exercises that help get rid of pains in the neck and shoulders, restore limb movement, relieve tension, stiffness, strengthen the muscular corset,increase the flexibility and elasticity of the ligament apparatus.
But in most of our Russian polyclinics, such specialists are not available, or their services are too expensive for the average-static Russian.
And what should I do? To not give up! Read, study special exercises, because only they will help you cope with the disease.
And we offer several sets of exercises that help get rid of diseases of the shoulder joints and neck.
Gymnastics in diseases of shoulder joints and pains in the shoulders.
According to the latest medical studies of joint diseases, one-fourth of the world's population suffers. The causes of joint diseases are different. These are trauma, hypothermia, and genetics, and aging of the body, and concomitant diseases. And from the vast list of joint diseases the most common diseases are diseases of the shoulder joint.
The human arm joint is unique, because of all the joints, it performs the greatest number of movements. Also this joint is very vulnerable. He does not stand up to long misuse, overload. And it responds with pain and a violation of function. Pain can be different, when moving, at rest. Everything depends on the disease, and the doctor must determine the diagnosis. He will prescribe either conservative or surgical treatment. But after the end of the acute period of illness, during rehabilitation, medical gymnastics is necessary for diseases of the shoulders and shoulder joints. A complex of specially selected exercises will help to speed up recovery and to stop degenerative phenomena in articular tissues.
But sometimes the pains in the shoulder joints and shoulders are not caused by their disease, but by excessive stress on these joints during sports training or physical work. To prevent these temporary painful phenomena from becoming a chronic disease, should be performed for pain in the shoulder joints, , which will relieve unnecessary tension from the ligaments and muscles and soothe the pain.
Gymnastics for neck diseases.
With diseases of the shoulder joint, neck diseases are very closely related. The most common disease of the neck is cervical osteochondrosis. These diseases are so interconnected that in medicine there is a term - cervico-brachial syndrome. This is a complex of certain symptoms that occur when the cervical roots and brachial plexus are affected. The causes of such pain may be incorrect posture, uncomfortable posture for sleep, prolonged stress, various degenerative changes, trauma.
Cervical osteochondrosis is the most dangerous of all osteochondrosis. With all other osteochondrosis, the body suffers, and with cervical osteochondrosis, the human psyche also suffers, because cerebral circulation is impaired, and this can lead to a decrease in intellectual abilities.
Therefore, in this disease, the value of therapeutic physical exercises for the restoration of normal vascular function increases many times.
Regular implementation of the exercise complex for cervical osteochondrosis will help to get rid of exhausting headaches caused by this disease. It must be remembered that when carrying out the complexes it is necessary to strictly follow the methodological requirements. Like all diseases, cervical osteochondrosis has several stages of its development. When osteochondrosis of severe form of exercise is also necessary, but in a lightened form and with a minimum amplitude. You can not overexert yourself and do the exercise through overcoming pain.
With osteochondrosis of mild and moderate severity, the range of exercises may be wider, the complex itself being more prolonged.
Gymnastics for the prevention of diseases of the spine.
Studies show that the development of cervical osteochondrosis occurs under the influence of various factors. These are genetic abnormalities in the development of the spine, chronic diseases, nutrition, lifestyle, overweight. Also, the development of this disease contributes to a number of occupations, when a person for a long time is forcedly in the same position, causing a prolonged strain on the cervical spine with limited mobility of the spine.
The best way to prevent the development of osteochondrosis is to fight with low mobility. If a person leads an active lifestyle, trains his body, then no osteochondrosis threatens him, because regular training provides the development of the so-called muscular collar, which is a natural corset for our neck.
We offer you two complexes, massage and gymnastics, which will help take care of the health of your spine.
Be active and healthy!
Gymnastics for the shoulder joint
Prevention and treatment of the shoulder joint
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