Does it hurt the leg from the knee to the foot, than to treat it?
Only a few decades ago, only elderly people were able to pay tribute to the pain in their legs. At the same time, diseases are getting younger and it's no longer a rarity when the leg hurts from the knee to the foot of the child. Often young people complain about such problems.
Possible causes of pain
If you feel discomfort in your legs, do not rush to take painkillers that can drown out the problem. After all, they can not eliminate it. If you do not want the feeling of discomfort to become your eternal companion, if you have any worries, it's better to go to a specialist.After all, if you have a pain from the knee to the foot, the reasons may be as follows:
• Injury. Often, aching pain accompanied by cracks, thinning of the bones, delamination of tissues.
• Damage to tendons, their tears or sprains.
• Inflammatory processes. They can affect both ligaments, and synovial bags or muscles.
• Hypodynamia. Absence of activity leads to certain violations, which are accompanied by a set of weight. The joints and muscles of the legs are not ready for this.
• Blockage of arteries, varicose veins. In such cases, there is a compressive pain in the calf muscles. Atherosclerosis is accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the legs, which increase with walking.
• Knee injury or cyst damage.
• Flat feet, some diseases of the spine. These problems lead to an incorrect distribution of the load on the legs and, as a consequence, a feeling of pain.
To understand what to do, when the leg is hurt from the knee to the foot, it is important to correctly establish the diagnosis. Only in this case the doctor will be able to prescribe a treatment that will not only eliminate the consequences of the illness in the form of unpleasant sensations, but also be able to cope with the cause of its appearance.
Often discomfort occurs as a result of prolonged exertion. Problems manifest as minor pain while walking. Patients tend to underestimate them, because they do not know that in most cases any discomfort is indicative of the inflammation that has begun.
Also, one of the most common causes of what hurts the leg from the knee to the foot are problems with the spine. Unpleasant sensations are amplified by squeezing the nerve roots. It can be with osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia, spondylosis.As a rule, the pain is not localized at any one point, it extends to a width of up to 15 cm. This is evidence of extensive damage to the muscular structures of the foot. By the way, it was found that smokers complain more often that they hurt their legs, feet, knees. To establish an accurate diagnosis, it is not enough to visit one surgeon or an osteopath, sometimes a neurologist or phlebologist can determine the cause of the pain. It is also necessary to check the heart, the work of the vessels.
Atherosclerosis of the extremities
If you feel a feeling of squeezing in your legs, then you can not stand and wait for discomfort, you can not. After all, with time, severe pain begins, which does not even allow full movement. The disease is characterized by worsening of the blood flow in the arteries. Most often, atherosclerosis occurs in smokers, people suffering from diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension. Heredity also matters.
To determine the disease can usual blood biochemistry, it is judged by the level of cholesterol. In addition to painful sensations, cramps that occur during physical activity should be alerted.
Treatment of atherosclerosisAt the first stages of the development of the disease symptoms are manifested only with vasospasms. But over time and in a relaxed state, people feel that the leg is hurting from the knee to the foot.
Treatment may include droppers with the drug "Ilomedin", "Actovegin", also recommend the funds "Cardiomagnolo", "Vazilip".Doctors at such disease advise to start to move more. If an attack of pain occurs while walking, then you must wait until it passes, and then continue to walk, but at a slower pace. It is important to follow a diet with low cholesterol, to give up fatty meat, egg yolks, sausages, smoked products. Use preferably unrefined and unrefined vegetable oil. It promotes the "resorption" of existing atherosclerotic plaques.
If you have a leg from knee to foot due to atherosclerosis, it's up to the expert to decide what to treat. He can prescribe the sequestrants of bile acids - they are designed to normalize the level of cholesterol. These can be preparations "Quantanan", "Questran", "Kolestid".Also, funds can be allocated "Zokor", "Lipostat", "Choletar".With diabetes, fibrates are prescribed - preparations "Clofibrate", "Bezafibrate".They lower the level of triglycerides in the blood.
If medications do not help, then surgeons will come to the rescue.
Varicose veinsOften, the cause of pain in the lower leg is a thrombosis of the vessels. Blood clots in the veins lead to stagnation and overstretch of the walls of the vessels. In such cases, the leg hurts from knee to foot all the time. Discomfort intensifies toward evening after exercise. The pain is aching in this case.
This condition is quite dangerous, because clots can migrate. They can move to the arteries of the lungs or the brain. This can cause strokes or thromboembolism of the pulmonary arteries.
Methods of treatment of varices
Even with the appearance of the initial stages of the disease, it can not be left without attention. If you have a genetic predisposition to the development of the disease, then a phlebologist should be examined every 2 years. At the same time, ultrasound examination of veins is mandatory.
It is important not to forget about the need for compression therapy. Under the influence of compression, the diameter of the veins decreases, reflux can pass, and the speed of blood flow can increase. Also, medicines are used that increase the tone of the veins, improve the permeability of capillaries. It can be such means as "Routine", "Venarus", "Endotelon", "Escuzan", "Vazobral", "Glivenol" and the like.
The main treatment is to conduct phlebectomy. This is an operation during which the problematic veins are removed. Laser coagulation is also possible. With this minimally invasive method, you can get rid of problems without incisions. Staying in a hospital is not required.
Also without incisions, treatment can be performed using radio frequency coagulation. This method allows eliminating reflux in small or large subcutaneous veins without surgery. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia with ultrasound control of the process.
One of the modern methods is sclerotherapy. This is the gluing of veins with the help of a special drug that is injected into a vein.
Inflammatory processes of
As a result of increased loads on the legs and a combination of a number of unfavorable factors, a person may encounter what the leg hurts from the knee to the foot when walking, running and even at rest. This can be caused by arthritis, bursitis, tendititis, osteomyelitis, fasciitis. Each of the diseases can even lead to a limitation of the person's mobility.Only a specialist can diagnose and select a treatment regimen. These diseases are accompanied by pain, swelling, sometimes the affected areas turn red, local hyperthermia appears.
Treatment of inflammatory processes of
Before starting treatment of pain in the joints, which causes discomfort to spread from the foot to the knee, it is important to establish the true problem.
Often, edema resulting from bursitis can spread to the leg muscles, causing pain and a feeling of heaviness. To establish the diagnosis it is possible at visual survey on a bulging round swelling. It is confirmed by ultrasound. For treatment appoint non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, painkillers, for example, the drug "Ibuprofen" or "Codeine."
The various arthritis that affects the joint can also cause the leg to ache from the knee to the foot. What to do in this situation, you need to deal with a specialist. After all, discomfort, as a rule, occurs immediately in two legs. For treatment, the same analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs are often used. High efficiency is shown by physiotherapeutic procedures, restoration of cartilage by means of laser and HILT-therapy.
Injuries and SurgeAny overload of joints and leg muscles, their excessive stretching, and even more so, blows, do not always pass without a trace. Various lesions are often complicated by the onset of inflammatory processes. If you have after the load, and the more trauma hurt the leg from the knee to the foot, than do not choose to treat yourself. Having silenced at any time the aching sensations, later you can face more serious problems.
Muscle disorders are characterized by the fact that at first the pain is localized on the inner side of the tibia, slightly above the ankle. When you try to turn the foot or stand on tiptoe, it increases. When the muscles are stretched, the shin appears to be heavy, swollen. At palpation there is a marked soreness, it increases with movements. Sensations usually occur after excessive exercise, often they appear only after 12 or even 24 hours.
If you feel a sharp pain localizing in the back of the shin with a muscle strain, like a strong blow, you can assume a muscle rupture. At the same time, the tendon is partially and sometimes completely detached from them.
Also, pain can occur due to inflammation of the ligaments, damage to the Achilles tendon and other problems. It can also occur as a result of a fracture of the bones of the lower leg. Each of the conditions requires consultation with the surgeon and choosing an individual treatment regimen.
Action tactics for mechanical damage
If you have stretched ligaments, broken your leg or overstretched your muscles, you should go to a doctor. Only he is able to determine the true cause of the problems. So, with bruises, it is often enough to apply cold and tightly bandage the affected area.
When stretching ligaments, dislocations or muscle rupture, it is important to immobilize the patient. Often a plaster bandage is applied to the lower leg. It is also mandatory for fracture. In this case, the patient is forbidden to climb to his feet. Drug treatment is the taking of painkillers. The preparation "Paracetamol", "Ibuprofen" can be prescribed.
If the Achilles tendon is damaged, then two joints are immobilized - the ankle and knee joint. Attack on the injured leg is prohibited.
Why are the legs hurt below the knees?
Often you can hear a complaint like a leg below the knee. But in most cases, no one pays special attention to such a "petty" sign, writing off their symptoms for overwork or walking on their heels. Often this kind of pain can be a sign of a more serious pathology. Therefore, one must always be critical of one's own state.
Speaking of leg pains below the knee, imply a pain syndrome of the shins. The shin is part of the leg from the knee joint to the foot. Anatomic shin consists of tibial and fibular bones, a large number of muscles, nerve fibers and blood vessels( arterial and venous).Accordingly, pain can occur with an organic or functional lesion of any anatomical structure of the shin.
Is there a danger?
It should immediately be noted that in some cases, shin pain can be dangerous not only for health, but also for human life. For example, pain below the knee may be a sign of deep vein thrombosis in the lower extremities, and such a condition, which is not diagnosed at the time, can lead to clotting of the thrombus and blockage of the pulmonary artery, which leads to instantaneous death of a person.
Because if you have pain in the legs below the knee, especially if the pain is persistent and relapsing, be sure to seek medical help to find out the cause of the symptom so that the treatment can be started on time.
Thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery often leads to sudden death
Causes of pain syndrome
The following causes can cause pain below the knee:
- deficiency in the blood of trace elements such as calcium, magnesium, potassium( hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia and hypokalemia), more often the cause of a decrease in the concentration of these trace elements is diet, poor absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, leaching from the body;
- long-term use of certain medications( diuretics, drugs that lower cholesterol in the body, glucocorticoid hormones);
- tonic spasm of the leg muscles, which often occurs as a result of physical overstrain, long walking, playing sports, standing on legs;
- traumatic lesions of anatomical structures in the legs( small and tibial fractures, stretching, ligament rupture, or muscle);
- inflammatory muscle lesions in the leg( myositis);
- atherosclerotic disease in the formation of plaques in the arteries below the knee( obliterating atherosclerosis);
- thrombosis of deep veins or arteries in the legs below the knee;
- varicose veins of the lower extremities;
- for arthrosis and knee arthritis pain can be felt not only in the knee joint, but also in the legs below the knee;
- osteomyelitis( infectious lesion of the inner part of the lower leg bones), often occurs in children than in adults;
- polyneuropathy - the defeat of nerve fibers in people who suffer from diabetes, chronic alcoholics, smokers;
- arterial disease in the legs( vasculitis, nodular periarteritis, etc.);
- rheumatic diseases( dermatopolymiosis, lupus, etc.);
- compression of the soft tissues of the lower leg;
- lymphostasis in the vessels of the legs;
- benign and malignant tumors of bones, muscles and other soft tissues below the knee;
- Paget's disease;
- metastasis of cancer of different localization into bone tissue;
- compression of nerve fibers in osteochondrosis or intervertebral hernia of the lumbar spine.
Below we will consider frequent and at the same time dangerous causes of pain in the leg.
Varicose disease of the lower extremitiesYou can also read:
What treatment is needed if the knee hurts from the inside
In the initial stages, leg varicose may not be accompanied by typical manifestations in the form of enlarged convoluted superficial veins and it is sometimes difficult to recognize it. The first signs of varicose veins may be:
- sensation of heaviness in the legs;
- swelling of the lower extremities at the end of the day;
- monotonous dull pain in the leg, which appears after a prolonged stay in the upright position of the legs;
- pain, heaviness and swelling pass after resting in a horizontal position, especially if the legs are put on the pillow( raise them);
- sometimes cramps are possible.
Thrombosis of the calf vessels
As a rule, such conditions develop rapidly and are accompanied by a pronounced clinical picture. There are features and differences between the signs of thrombosis of the arteries and veins.
- begins gradually( for several days);
- there is a feeling of heaviness in the legs and a bursting pain from the outer or inner side of the shin( depending on the localization of the pathological process);
- the limb changes color - becomes crimson red, and then cyanotic;
- the calf considerably swells and its circumference increases;
- pain intensifies, the patient can not step on the aching leg;
- to the touch the foot is hot;
- after a while( 3-4 days), if not to provide medical care, begins necrosis and gangrene of the leg.
Venous thrombosis of lower limb
- pathology develops rapidly( for several hours);
- the first signs can be a feeling of numbness of the leg, its cold snap and a sharp pallor( the blood flow stops on the arteries of the shin) or often thrombosis manifests itself in the form of sharp, severe pain below the knee;
- if you do not take urgent measures for 2-4 hours, the limb dies( gangrene starts).
Pain in this disease is caused by a violation of the main blood flow along the arteries of the lower leg when they are damaged by atherosclerotic plaques and narrowing of the internal lumen. Pain syndrome is characterized by intermittent claudication. Pain in the calf muscles appears when walking for long distances. She makes the patient stop and rest, after the pain subsides, the person continues his journey.
But as the disease progresses, the distances are shortened, and the pain begins to appear and at rest. Begin to develop trophic changes( chronic ulcers) on the feet, dryness and peeling of the skin, pathological changes on the nails of the lower extremities. If you do not provide qualified surgical care, then this disease can lead to tissue necrosis and gangrene of the limb.
Deficiency of microelements
Pain in the lower leg is often caused by a deficiency in the body of trace elements such as calcium, potassium and magnesium. There are many reasons for this pathological condition. Pain syndrome is characterized by painful cramps in the gastrocnemius muscles. As a rule, such cramps arise in the middle of the night and wake a sick person. They can have a tonic or clonic character. Pass themselves after a few minutes to ease the pain, patients actively massaging the leg with a spasm.
Cramps of the calf muscles testify to a deficiency of trace elements in the body
Polyneuropathy in diabetes mellitus
It is well known that diabetes is a very insidious disease that slowly and steadily affects all organs in the body, including all nerve endings.
Diabetic polyneuropathy of the lower extremities is a characteristic complication of diabetes mellitus. It often happens that with type 2 diabetes( slow and inconspicuous course) patients turn to the doctor because of pain in the legs. Such a pain has a burning character, a constant, not associated with physical exertion, is accompanied by a feeling of numbness and chillness of the legs.
Whatever the pain in the legs is below the knee, the first thing to do is to seek medical help and undergo a complete examination, because such a symptom can signal a serious illness, and not just about leg fatigue.
Why the legs hurt below the knees
If a person has aching legs below the knees - this is a symptom of numerous diseases. The region of the shin consists of several groups of anatomical structures: muscles, ligaments, tibial and fibular bones, a set of nerve plexuses, vessels.
To facilitate the differentiation of the pain syndrome, physicians divide the shin into the anterior and posterior parts, which are delimited on one side by the inner edge of the tibia, and on the other by the posterior part of the fibula( together with the ankle).In front of more muscle structures, and behind it are ligaments, vessels and nerves.
For what reasons do
's legs hurt? The most often hurt below the knee of the foot due to high physical exertion. Minor injuries of the tendons do not cause strong clinical symptoms, except for periodic ciliary pain when walking.
Mechanical damage over time with constant physical exertion is complicated by inflammatory changes, so there is swelling in the area of damage to the front of the shin.
The second most frequent cause of pain syndrome below the knees are spine diseases, in which the nerve root is compressed( intervertebral hernia, pronounced osteochondrosis, spondylosis).It increases with sharp bends of the body and palpation of the posterior region of the shin.
The third reason for aching feet is bursitis( inflammatory changes in the knee), which occurs as a consequence of arthrosis of the knee joint or damage to its meniscus.
In severe narrowing of the articular cleft of the knee, cartilage structures are damaged with the formation of an inflammatory fluid. It accumulates in tendinous vaginas, therefore at a pathology edema of a popliteal fossa is observed. It can be felt on the back of the knee joint.
Varicose veins of lower extremities or thrombosis of blood vessels( clots of blood clots) also lead to pains below the knee, since with this pathology, stagnation of blood is noted, leading to overgrowth of the vessel wall. Against this background, pain in the calf region is constantly observed. It is aching and intensifies in the evening.
When the legs are still aching below the knee:
- Vascular atherosclerosis( accumulation of fatty plaques),
- Inflammation of bones( osteomyelitis),
- Decrease in calcium, magnesium, alkali and potassium in the blood.
- Disturbance of bone formation in children and adolescents( Osgood-Schlatter disease).
Symptoms combined with shin aches
Usually the pain below the knee is not localized. The width of its distribution is 10-15 cm, which testifies to the extensive damage to the anatomical structures of the foot. Pain syndrome increases with exercise and is weakened when it stops.
The severity of the syndrome is increased in smokers, as they have a violation of blood supply in the place of injury.
When thrombosis of the veins, the legs below the knees hurt strongly. Pathology poses a serious danger to human life, since a blood clot can migrate into the arteries of the lung or brain. This increases the likelihood of fatal conditions - pulmonary embolism( PE) and strokes.
Atherosclerosis is not as dangerous as thrombosis, but in smokers it can be combined with Raynaud's disease( spasm of small vessels), which forms constant aching pains on the posterior surface of the calf at the site of the gastrocnemius muscles.
In osteomyelitis of the tibia or fibula, the soreness of the lower knee is combined with purulent secretions on the surface of the skin through the opened fistula. Their intensity depends heavily on the state of the human immune system.
For athletes, the knee meniscus damage is more typical. In this case, the pain syndrome is combined with the limitation of mobility.
What are the sensations when leg soreness is below the knees of
? In most pathological changes below the knees, a "goose bump" along the leg muscular structures first appears. Initially, this symptom is not characterized by pain, but over time, a person develops a feeling of "boiling water poured on the skin."Gradually there is a throbbing pain that disturbs a person throughout the whole working day. It is necessary to lower the pace of walking and choose the most convenient position to reduce soreness.
If you do not treat the above symptoms, increases the intensity of clinical signs. After running, the foot begins to "twist" so that the person needs to lie down for several days to restore health.
The final stage - the burning sensation becomes unbearable. After walking, a feeling of heat is created. Symmetrically on both sides formed similar signs.
How to treat the pain of the shin
- To reduce the sensitivity of sensations in the pathology of the leg can be medicated and folk remedies. With inflammatory changes, doctors prescribe NSAIDs( non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) that can be used in the form of tablets, ointments and creams.
- Treating varicose veins of the lower limbs is necessary for a long time. In addition to a tight bandage in this situation, ointments are used to strengthen the venous wall( troxevasin, venoruton).
- Treatment of diseases of the spine is more complex and requires the use of chondroprotectors( terraflex, alflutope), muscle relaxants( midol), NSAIDs and even novocaine blockades. Intervertebral hernias often require surgical treatment.
- From folk remedies, you can advise a compress of honey. It is enough to lubricate the pain area with honey and tie it with a clean bandage to relieve the condition. Walk with such a compress should be throughout the day.
Thus, the legs hurt below the knees for a variety of reasons. In most cases, the pain is not completely cured. The combination of medications and folk methods removes the limitations of mobility, but the treatment of pathology is necessary regularly and for a long time.
who has pain from the knees to the foot( such as bone pain, but obviously not bone) after running? Help!!
is probably not a problem with the bone, but with the veins, venous insufficiency, or deep vein thrombosis, contact a vascular surgeon about this, and make ultrasound of
vessels. It looks more like the problems with calf muscles. .. Morepotassium, take vitamins and eat more bananas))
You need to check for calcium in the blood and make ultrasound of the vessels of the lower extremities.
Perhaps there is inflammation of the periosteum. When running, the tissue is injured( roughly speaking), hence the pain. I can assume that in the recent past there was an inflammatory process( for example, angina, transferred to the legs).The consequences are inflammation of the connective tissue, and the periosteum is. Ways of treatment are many. Principle- eliminate the damaging agent! Maybe even drink antibiotics. That now it would not be possible to have a nipple( Nyz, nimulid) BUT IT IS TIME.You need to eliminate the causes, not the symptoms!
can the legs( from the knee to the foot of the shin) get sick from. .. the spine?if yes, then- how this way? ? thanks in advance)
Rather no, than yes. STRENGTHENING ANTIMICROBIAL IMMUNITY
The indicator of weakened antimicrobial immunity, in mild cases, is the presence of a burning sensation and soreness on the skin of the limbs that are revealed when we begin to rub our legs or hands with the palm of our hands, or this burning sensation, the soreness is felt by itself, even without touching. Such level of weakened antimicrobial immunity will be accompanied by inflammatory processes in the larynx, throat, in the lungs, kidneys and.etc. The presence of aches and aching pain in the bones and joints of the legs and hands is already a signal about the strong suppression of antimicrobial immunity( rheumatism, polyarthritis, arthritis).To strengthen or restore antimicrobial immunity, you must rub the base of your palm with the back of the hand and the outer area of the forearm to the elbow inclusive, rub your legs: leg on the leg, begin with the lifting of the foot, the shin, from all sides. We rub the knee joints, knead them between their palms. The rubbing is 1-2-3 per day and day after day until the burning sensation and soreness on the extremities disappear completely, and in the case of severely weakened immunity, until we get rid of the aches and pains in the bones and joints of both hands and feet. And this requires a local massage by the joint area. At elevated temperature, grinding should be done 8-10 times a day, spending on the entire massage of the limbs, at a time, about 5 minutes of time. What effect can you expect from such exposure at elevated temperature? First of all, this is a drop in temperature from high figures to 37.5 ° C and lower. The effect appears in just 20-30 minutes. Pain and aches can go away, too, in some cases, even after the first exposure, but that it will never appear again, in mild cases it will take you about two or three weeks to work with yourself. With a strong weakening of immunity, it will be necessary to work for this from 1 to 3 months. Daily rubbing of legs and hands on the effect of antibacterial exposure significantly exceeds the best, most expensive imported, of course, antibiotic of the widest spectrum of action and in this you can quickly see for yourself. Good luck to you.
May occur with lesion of the lumbosacral portion.
When protrusion( hernia, "fallout") of the mesophore disc, it squeezes the nerve roots that are leaving in this segment.
Roots leaving in segments L4-L5-S1( the lower part of the lower back above the sacrum) innervate the tibia, feet, and toes.
The best method of diagnosis is MRI of the lumbosacral spine after examination by a neurologist.
If there is no possibility to make an MRI, then CT.
Treatment is either conservative( gymnastics, local anti-inflammatory drugs, blockade), or in severe cases, surgery.
coals can. If the spinal cord nerves that go to the feet suffer. Descend or go to the orthopedist and the neurologist.
In this case - the symptoms of varicose veins and thrombophlebitis.
In blood stem cells( they are in the bone marrow - in all bones) the insufficiency of hematopoiesis. Bones can hurt in any places. ...