Inflammation of joints

Diseases, Symptoms and Treatment for Joint Inflammation

What is the inflammation of the joints?

Inflammation of the joints is a natural reaction of the body to this or that pathogenic effect. There are several reasons that can trigger this process. These are injuries of various genesis, and various diseases, the greatest prevalence among which has received arthritis. There are several of its varieties, which to a greater or lesser degree cause an inflammatory reaction in the joints. In the pathological process, both one and several joints can be involved.

Inflammation of the joints is also defined as a reaction caused by either a general or local infection, under the influence of other factors supporting the process( endogenous and exogenous).

Most of all this group of people over 50 years of age, because it is at this age, metabolic processes in the body are much slower, accumulates the baggage of previously suffered injuries and diseases that make themselves felt. But depending on the cause that caused inflammation, middle-aged people, and even children, turn to this problem with doctors.


Diseases as the main causes of inflammation in the joints

inflammation of the joints

As diseases leading to the onset of the inflammatory process in joints, include:

  • Osteoarthritis.

  • Gout.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Lupus.

  • Rheumatism.

  • Tick-borne borreliosis.

  • Rheumatic polymyalgia.

  • Ankylosing spondylitis.

  • Tuberculosis.

  • Crohn's disease.

  • Coccidioidomycosis.

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common disease that affects the majority of older people, about 40 years of age or older. Joints that the disease "prefers" to hit are on the hands, in the spine, as well as in the knees and hip part of the body. With this disease in any of these areas begin to form mini-shoots, which lead to the appearance of irritation and inflammation in the surrounding tissues, ligaments and tendons. Osteoarthritis is usually classified as follows: primary, localized, generalized, secondary( caused by a number of reasons - after a trauma or endocrine diseases).

As the main signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis can be identified:

  • Unpleasant sensations intensify or even appear after the joint "worked".Such pains are called mechanical and appear most often in the evening. During the rest they either subsided, or completely disappear.

  • Seals appear at the edges of the joint space in the area of ​​the inflamed area.

  • After awakening a person may experience short stiffness, usually not exceeding half an hour.

  • Movement is somewhat difficult and painful.

  • The joint is in tension.

  • There may be signs of joint destruction.

  • A crunch in the joints, called crepitations.

Gout

Gout

Gout is another type of arthritis, with sudden, repetitive pain in the joints, which are characterized by increased intensity. The cause leading to the appearance of gout is a significant increase in the level of uric acid in the blood, and as a result deposition of sodium crystals in the joints, which leads to their inflammation. Sometimes this disease turns into a chronic and leads to deformation of the joint tissue. Approximately 20% of patients have deposits of kidney stones.

When gout is usually given, patients complain of the following symptoms:

  • Acute pain, which usually occurs at night.

  • Sharp redness of the skin around the inflamed joint,

  • Weakness and trembling in the limbs.

  • Headache.

  • Redness and sharp pain in the big toe, with its swelling and hardening of the surrounding tissue joint.

  • Increases body temperature to high levels.

Thus, the classic onset of the disease occurs, similar symptoms are experienced by up to 80% of patients with gout.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is, although less common, but nonetheless a fairly common disease that leads to inflammation in the joints. About 2% of the world's population suffers from this disease. The process is of an autoimmune nature, when the human immune system begins to attack healthy cells. With rheumatoid arthritis, the joints suffer from "attack".The causes of the development of the disease have not been determined to date, but it is theoretically possible to consider infectious diseases, frequent stresses, genetic predisposition, severe hypothermia, or consequence of other arthritis( reactive or infectious).

During the attacks of rheumatoid arthritis, the following symptoms characteristic of this disease can be distinguished:

  • An important characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis is the symmetry of the lesion. That is, when the knee joint is inflamed on the left leg, the knee joint on the right leg must be involved in the process.

  • In the mornings, and almost to the middle of the day, a person may experience stiffness in the joints, which passes by the evening.

  • Fatigue, weakness, loss of appetite, muscle pain, etc. Attach fatigue, etc.

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a disease of connective tissue and vessels, in which the immune processes that occur in the body are disrupted. Pathology is chronic. Inflammation of the joints with lupus manifests itself in the form of pain localized in different places. However, most often the small joints of the ankle and arms suffer from the disease. Sometimes inflamed places are swollen, in some cases deformation is observed in combination with stiffness of the joints.

Rheumatism

Rheumatism is a disease of connective tissue that affects the heart and joints. The disease can overtake any person, since it arises as a complication of a serious illness, for example, tonsillitis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, etc. People with a genetic predisposition to rheumatism are also at risk. Inflamed joints in this pathology often swell and hurt. The pains are severe, the most commonly affected are large ones - ankles, elbows, shoulder, knee and wrist joints.

Tick borrelliosis

Tick borrelliosis is spread by mites and transmitted by bite to insects. In this case, migrating joint pains that are of high intensity can occur several weeks after the bite and lack of treatment. Inflammation of the joints in this case is a complication of the disease. Most often, patients complain of pain in the knees, but in some cases other joints are also affected.

Rheumatic polymyalgia

Rheumatic polymyalgia

Rheumatic polymyalgia is a disease that has an acute onset and is characterized by severe pain in the neck, pelvis and shoulder girdle. At the same time, the movements of patients are largely hampered, and the pain sensations are symmetrical, that is, both parts of the trunk are hurt, almost in parallel. Mostly the disease develops in the elderly. The causes may be viral and bacterial infections, stress, hypothermia, rheumatoid arthritis and oncological diseases, as well as severe hypothermia.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease that is caused by disorders in the functioning of the immune system and leads to the development of inflammation in the joints, in the joints of the spine, as well as to the violation of cardiac activity. In the risk zone, mainly men of young age - up to 30 years old.

Joint tuberculosis

Joint tuberculosis is a fairly common form of extrapulmonary infection. Most often occurs in adults and affects the spine, knee and hip joint. As reasons, doctors call injuries and overloads, hypothermia, infectious diseases and unfavorable external factors. When the disease is affected the synovial membrane of the joint and its inflammation occurs.

Crohn's disease, characterized by inflammation of the intestinal wall, is often accompanied by inflammation of the joints, since this pathology, according to the doctors, arises against the background of a violation of the work of immunity. In particular, in children, the disease is almost not accompanied by pain in the abdomen, but is expressed in joint inflammation and fever.

Coccidioidomycosis

Coccidioidomycosis is a disease that is infectious in nature with a predominant lung injury that occurs when coccidioid is infected( a type of fungus).With the development of the disease, inflammation of the joints is almost always observed, but it is worth noting that the progressive form is rare.


Symptoms of joint inflammation

Symptoms of inflammation of the joints

Although inflammation of the joints can be caused by a number of diseases, nevertheless, this pathological process has similar features. As specific and general symptoms, the following can be distinguished:

  • Acute pain, the intensity of which can vary. The site of its localization is an inflamed joint. A discomforting sensation can be present constantly, even when a person does not move.

  • The skin around the sore spot is stretched, the color can range from slightly pink to bright red, there is a swelling of varying severity.

  • The swelling is most often observed.

  • Body temperature, in general, and around the inflamed joint, in particular, can increase.

  • During the movement the patient can hear a crunch.

  • The joint is deformed.

  • After the joint has not been set in motion for a long time, a person may feel stiff in this area. Especially often it happens after an overnight rest.

Relative to sensations in the affected joint, they have their own characteristics and are called in the medical language - inflammatory pain. They are characterized by a sharp and unexpected beginning, when a person moves the joint. Quite often, such pains are observed at night, closer to the morning. In the acute phase of joint inflammation caused by any illness, discomfort is amplified and present almost always. If the pathology has acquired a chronic character, the pain reminds oneself more often during movements.


How does the inflammatory process in joints and what are the complications of the disease?

Inflammation of joints can occur in both acute and chronic, or subacute stages. If we are talking about the acute nature of the disease, then, as a rule, it is accompanied by a sharp onset, persistent strong pains, redness and swelling of the affected area. At the same time the disease ends quickly, the prognosis is very favorable, up to full recovery, under conditions of adequate therapy. The motor function of the joint is fully restored.

If it is a long-term sluggish disease that has passed into a chronic form, then in such cases, even a patient's disability is possible. The pains are variable in nature, they are weakly felt during the period of remission, the joints may be slightly swollen, depending on the type of disease, seals are formed.

During the subacute stage, the patient often has an increase in skin temperature around the patient's joint. Mobility of the joint is difficult and extremely painful, joint deformity can be observed. But most often pain in subacute stage is spontaneous. In contrast to the acute course of the disease, in this case, the symptomatology is less pronounced.

To complications of inflammation of the joints include:

  • There may be a purulent inflammation of surrounding tissues of the affected joint.

  • Sepsis or blood poisoning.

  • Subluxations, displacement of bones.

  • Inflammation of bone tissue.

  • Complete exit of the joint head from its fossa.

  • Disturbance of the joint.

  • Phlegmon and panartite.

  • Contractures.


Diagnosis of joint inflammation

Diagnosis of joint inflammation

Since inflammation of the joints can be caused by a number of diseases, the doctor faces a rather complicated problem, but the basic task is to identify the disease that led to the pathological process.

Therefore, in order to make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor needs to receive the following information:

  • A thorough and thorough medical history in order to establish a possible association of the inflammatory process with previous infectious diseases, injuries or allergies.

  • Evaluation of the course of the illness by listening to patient complaints. Palpation of the inflamed place.

  • Conducting laboratory diagnosis, which, in addition to studying the general analysis of blood and urine, should include tests for the presence of antibodies to streptococcus hemolytic, a study of the level of uric acid.

  • ultrasound diagnosis.

  • Radiography, which is the most effective method for determining the causes that led to inflammation in the joints.

  • MRI and computed tomography. Fusion of synovial fluid for examination.

  • Carrying out arthroscopy, when it becomes possible to examine the joint itself.

  • Biopsy of the present nodules.

  • Puncture of the joint.

In carrying out all the necessary studies and linking the findings to the clinical picture of the disease, you can fairly accurately establish a diagnosis and determine the disease that caused inflammation in the joints.


Proper nutrition in the inflammatory process in the joints of

As with almost any other disease, with an inflammatory process that takes place in the joints, you just need to adhere to a certain type of food. After all, there are products that contribute to reducing the pathological process, the flesh to its full extinction. There are also those that will only exacerbate the course of the disease. The latter can definitely be attributed meat, especially fatty, fast food and sugar. Do not eat and sausage products that have been heat treated and contain a large number of dyes, flavors and salt.

If you include in your menu those products that will help reduce inflammation, you can improve the patient's condition and reduce the occurrence of relapses to a minimum:

food
  • Do not completely abandon fats and oils. But one should competently approach their choice. So the inflamed joints "love" Omega-3 fatty acids, which, as it has long been proven, have anti-inflammatory properties. Useful compounds can be found in fatty varieties of fish, nuts, in seeds( linseed and pumpkin), as well as in rapeseed oil. Olive oil is also a champion in the maintenance of a much needed component for people suffering from inflammation of the joints. If you can not often use such foods for food, you can always use their pharmacy counterparts in the form of various supplements. Fiber and carbohydrates must necessarily enter the body of a sick person. And it should not be simple carbohydrates. Complex, their "brethren" are in whole grain bread, fruits and vegetables. As a recommendation of doctors for people with aching joints is the daily intake of at least five servings of different fruits and vegetables. Do not forget about berries, and in particular, about bilberries and strawberries. They are rich in antioxidants and other substances that contribute to reducing the inflammatory process.

  • As the main drink is best to use ordinary water, and be sure to refrain from carbonated liquids. Naturally, alcohol with inflammation of the joints will only have a harmful effect.


Treatment of joint inflammation

If we consider therapeutic agents for inflammation of the joints, it should be understood that their choice will be due to the disease that is the cause of the pathological process.

So, for local treatment of joints, doctors often use physiotherapeutic procedures, prescribe intraarticular injections, and also practice non-specific treatment.

Surgical methods of treatment include:

surgical methods of treatment
  • Replacement of a "living" joint with an artificial joint, or a certain part thereof.

  • Restoration of weakened, or completely ruptured tendons.

  • Removal of the joint membrane if it is inflamed or seriously damaged.

  • If it is not possible to perform an arthroplasty, the patient is recommended a joint fusion operation. At the same time, he is given the right position, which significantly reduces the pain symptom and makes life easier for the patient.

Naturally, surgical intervention is performed when other methods of therapy have proved ineffective or the disease has gone too far.

Treatment of joint inflammation in osteoarthritis

The following are the main principles of treatment:

  • Regular exercises on joints. Their choice is based on the selection of optimal complexes depending on the degree of damage and inflammation. Competently performed exercises not only contribute to raising the mood, but improve the flexibility of the joints, increase the flow of blood to them, thereby alleviating the pain. For the most competent selection of the complex, consultation of the LFK specialist is necessary.

  • Weight control and getting rid of excess body weight. This is necessary in order to relieve the already inflamed joints. To achieve the optimal result in a short time, you must adhere to the principles of proper nutrition in conjunction with adequate physical exercises.

  • Taking painkillers. In some cases, doctors prescribe only analgesics, and sometimes prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen and aspirin. They contribute to the removal of edema. In the most neglected cases, intraarticular injections of short steroids are used.

  • Failure from excessive load.

  • If necessary, the patient's consent to the operation. During its carrying out the patient joint replace on artificial. In connection with the development of medicine in this field, in most cases such intervention ends successfully, limb mobility is almost completely restored.

  • The use of alternative therapies. These include folk remedies: taking infusions, rubbing ointments, applying compresses, etc.

With the correct combination of these principles, you can achieve very good results.

Treatment of joint inflammation with gout

When inflammation of the joints caused by gout, the doctor faces the primary task - to remove the pain symptom. It is possible to achieve this only by removing inflammation. The most commonly used drug for this purpose is colchicine. Its effect will be noticeable after about a day, and sometimes even earlier. Completely the pain subsides 12 hours after the first application. Take the drug preorally, but in the case of vomiting and other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, appointed in the form of injections.

It should be noted that many doctors refuse the appointment of colchicine, since it can cause serious damage to the bone marrow. This is why non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are being used to relieve pain symptoms with gout( it's about ibuprofen and indomycin).Also able to remove the swelling of prednisol. Particularly effective is the administration of the drug into the patient's joint with the removal of the collected fluid from it. In addition to taking medicines, the joint must be immobilized.

After the primary task is solved in the form of reducing the pain symptom, it is necessary to ensure that the disease does not recedivate. To do this, drinking is recommended, refusal of alcohol and low-protein diet. It is also extremely important to reduce excess weight, if any. Often when losing weight and taking blood for the analysis of uric acid, doctors find that the indicators come back to normal.

For those patients who have kidney stones and high levels of uric acid in their blood, they often prescribe a drug such as allopurinol. It leads to the blockage of acid production, but has a number of side effects: causes a disorder in the digestive tract, has a negative effect on liver function and reduces the number of leukocytes circulating in the blood.

Treatment of joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis

Treatment

For the removal of inflammation in joints with rheumatoid arthritis I use a variety of techniques. Sometimes all the doctor's prescriptions come down to the recommendations in ordinary rest, and sometimes surgical intervention is required. Naturally, with unopened stages of the disease and with minor inflammation, therapy begins with the most sparing.

It is important to minimize the load on the joints and give them if incomplete, then at least partial rest. If it is impossible to comply with bed rest, then it is recommended to immobilize the sick joints, at least for a rest period. This is done with a special immobilizing bandage.

As for any other disease that causes inflammation of the joints, the proper nutrition is prescribed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and gives recommendations for a healthy lifestyle.

As therapeutic agents, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, as well as long-acting drugs and immunosuppressants are prescribed. Naturally, the more severe the disease, the more potent medicines are required for the patient.


Prevention of joint inflammation

In order for joints to remain healthy as long as possible, doctors give the following recommendations:

  • Thorough self-weight control. It is maintenance of it in norm - the best prevention of inflammation of the joints. At even a seemingly insignificant increase, the knee and hip joints begin to suffer first of all, the load on the spine increases, which will definitely lead to the onset of the inflammatory process.

  • Regular exercise. Physical exercises in which all joints are involved lead to the fact that their flexibility and mobility improves. But with already existing pathological processes, it is necessary to exclude with jogging load. Even if you can not exercise regularly, you still need to increase your motor activity to the maximum.

  • Muscle training helps ensure that the joints are under good protection, but before you start this or that type of exercise, you should consult with your doctor in advance.

  • Proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle are the guarantee that inflammation of the joints will not overtake a person to a very old age. Unless of course there is a genetic predisposition to the disease.

  • If possible, it is necessary to avoid hypothermia of the body, since it contributes to the development of many joint diseases that lead to their inflammation.

  • Prevention of acute respiratory infections, influenza and other colds. To this end, it is necessary to vaccinate, avoid contact with the sick, take vitamins. These rules are relevant during epidemiological outbreaks.

If there is a genetic predisposition to any kind of arthritis, then all painful sensations in the joint area should be treated several times more closely.

When is it urgent to see a doctor?

to the doctor

If one or more symptoms occur, the doctor should be contacted immediately:

  • If the body temperature rises to significant digits and this symptom is accompanied by redness and swelling of any joint.

  • If the joints are inflamed symmetrically.

  • If a person experiences severe pain in the joint area.

  • In case of worsening of the heart and difficulty breathing.

  • With obvious deformation of any joint.

  • If the pain is paroxysmal and overtakes at night.

  • When crunching in the joints and an obvious sense of internal friction.

Author of the article: Muravitsky Igor Valerievich, rheumatologist

ayzdorov.ru

Treatment of inflammation of the knee joint depending on the disease that caused it

causes of inflammation Inflammation of the knee joint is today a fairly common serious illness. The reason for this is a heavy daily life, in the process of which people almost do not pay attention to their health.

However, when the first symptoms of appear, it is better to immediately consult an specialist if they are ignored in the future may develop chronic diseases that will be accompanied by stiffness and pain at each movement.

Causes of inflammation

The most common inflammatory process is localized in the region of the knee joint. To the causes of the pathological process of this kind can result:

  1. Bruises and injuries - are considered quite serious pathologies, which are treated quite differently than various kinds of dislocations and fractures. Inflammation can occur in the case of previously received injuries, which are not fully cured;
  2. Systemic diseases - rheumatism, psoriasis, gout. Diseases that destroy connective tissue can damage the knee joints;
  3. Infections - in diseases of other organs, pathogens can get into the knee joint, through a damaged capsule or with a blood rush. A purulent infection penetrates from other infected foci through the blood lymph. The cause of infection can be even sexually transmitted diseases.

Inflammation of the knee joints can and due to the flow in the body of the allergic process, as well as with severe supercooling and even biting of insects.

Inflammation, developing in the knee, disrupts the normal rhythm of life, it is impossible to move and work. However, the inflammatory process can proceed secretly without a clear clinical picture of

. Characteristic symptoms of

Inflammation of the knee joint is accompanied by a number of characteristic symptoms:

  • knee pain - when walking on stairs, from prolonged standing;
  • soreness of the calves ( especially at night);
  • knee swelling ;
  • sharp pain with a crunch in the knee when bending;
  • inability to unbend completely in the knee leg .
In case of manifestation of even one of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.

If you leave the development of inflammation without attention - this will lead to unpleasant consequences:

  1. First, - the pain will increase, the mobility of the knee joint will decrease.
  2. Secondly, - there will be deformation of the joint. As a result, the person will move to the "half-bent", which will lead to a curvature of the bones of the legs. In this case, surgery can not be avoided.
How to relieve pain in the knee Treatment of arthritis of the knee joint folk remedies often allows you to get rid of the inflammatory process in the knee. You can find the recipes of traditional medicine in our article.

Learn more about how to treat inflammation of the foot joints you can here. Also on the link information about the symptoms that indicate the inflammatory process.

Diagnostic techniques

Against the backdrop of inflammation manifests a violation of the functions of the knee joint, reducing the amount of motion. A person tries to protect the aching leg from the increased stresses that lead to the onset of pain.

Swelling sometimes causes difficulty in flexing and unbending the leg in the knee. Proceeding from this, the inflammatory process of the knee joint, can be detected without difficulty, therefore, the diagnosis accordingly does not cause great difficulties.

But to determine the final diagnosis and the appointment of treatment, it is necessary to conduct additional research methods. Their main goal is to determine the anatomical damage to the knee joint and the nature of the pathology.

Additional diagnostic procedures are as follows:

  • PCR - infection diagnosis;
  • blood test( general);
  • tomography;
  • puncture;
  • X-ray.

These measures allow you to accurately determine the cause of inflammation of the knee joint, as well as prescribe the right treatment.

How does first aid work?

In the event of a pathology, it is necessary to know what measures can be taken before visiting a specialist to alleviate the condition. To do this, remember several principles of first aid:

  • providing a resting joint;knee patch
  • application to the affected place of cold;
  • application of immobilization and pressing dressings;
  • elevated position of the aching leg.

A damaged knee should be in a position that will provide it with maximum real estate. This will prevent the load on the joint.

Joint fixation can be carried out using a bandage or elastic bandage. The pressure bandage will reduce the symptoms of the inflammatory process and prevent complications.

Inflammation in the first hours of will help to remove the hot-water bottle filled with ice or cold lotions. For the reduction of pain, the use of an analgesic or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent is permitted.

Treatment of the inflammatory process depending on the pathology

The purpose of treatment is to restore the functions of the knee joint, relieve inflammation and sensations of pain.

In each case, this is achieved through separate procedures and medications that are prescribed depending on the disease that caused the inflammation of the knee joint.

The treatment of each of them is discussed in more detail.

Injury or injury

For severe pain in the knee, pain medications are prescribed:

  • Ibuprofen;
  • Paracetamol;
  • Aspirin.

For the removal of inflammation apply:

  • Collagen Ultra( gel);
  • Troxevasin( ointment);
  • Diclofenac;
  • Kitanov.

Compresses from clay will help cope with swelling.

Restoration of motor activity is performed using the following procedures:

  1. of massage with the use of gels and ointments on a herbal basis;
  2. compresses from herbal decoctions of ( hops, eucalyptus, fir, sabelnik, juniper);
  3. herbal baths ;
  4. consumption of vitamins and minerals .

If treatment for inflammation of the knee joint is not scheduled on time, bursitis of the knee joint may appear - this is a kind of arthritis, in which inflammation of the periarticular bag occurs.

Bursitis

Bursitis

In the picture, knee inflammation with bursitis

The main thing in the treatment of bursitis is to relieve the load from the knee joint and protect it from injury, and also to ensure the joint rest with the help of cold compresses and squeezing bandages.

Bursitis is of a non-infectious and infectious nature.

The disease is also known for its complications.

Treatment of noninfectious bursitis is carried out with the following medicines:

  • injections of corticosteroids - triamcinolone, methylprednisolone, diprospan, hydrocortisone - relieve acute pain;
  • muscle relaxants - baclofen, diazepam - relieve spasms of muscles and vessels;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs - rapid capsules, flexen, phenylbutazone, flugalin, solpaflex, surgam, ketoprofen, diclofenac, ibuprofen - relieve pain, swelling.

When a large amount of fluid is accumulated in the bursa, is carried out as "synovial fluid aspiration" .

For the treatment of infectious bursitis apply:

  • anti-inflammatory non-steroidal means for relieving pain;
  • antibiotics - penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides.

In addition to drug therapy, a procedure for removing pus by aspiration is performed. For external

treatment of the disease, ointments and creams with NSAIDs are used:

  • Fastum-gel;
  • Indovazin;
  • Analgos;
  • Voltaren;
  • Diclofenac;
  • Diclac.

In addition, compresses with medical bile and dimexidum are applied, and bandages are also applied using Apisarthron cream, Vishnevsky ointment and Kapsoderma ointment.

Post-traumatic arthritis

Medication includes the following:

  • acetylsalicylic acid( aspirin);
  • indomethacin;
  • Voltaren( as an anti-inflammatory drug).

When joint pains are expressed, hormonal preparations of a group of corticosteroids are prescribed, but this, in extreme cases, when other means can not stop the pain.

Treatment is also carried out using the cream "Collagen Ultra ", and bada the same series.

They have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, activate lymphatic drainage in the affected joints, reduce edema, improve blood circulation and promote the restoration of normal joint function, make up for the lack of glucosamine, a substance that is necessary for building cartilage.

Treatment for this type of arthritis also includes the following procedures:

  1. physiotherapy;
  2. massage;
  3. therapeutic exercise.

Infectious arthritis

Treatment of infectious arthritis should be carried out immediately after confirmation of the diagnosis in order to avoid serious complications.

For this type of , hospitalization of the patient is simply necessary for .

Medication for inflammation of the knee joint includes antibiotics.

Drugs are chosen for intravenous or intramuscular administration, depending on the severity of the disease.

These drugs include:

  • Aminoglycosides( gentamicin);
  • Cephalosporins( cefepime, ceftriaxone);
  • From penicillins( amoksiklav);
  • From macrolides( sumamed).

As anesthetic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory agents use:

  • Analgin;
  • Aspirin;
  • Ketorol;
  • Nimesulide;
  • Ibuklin;
  • Ibuprofen;
  • Diclofenac.

If the patient's condition is severe, detoxification therapy is performed, in the development of sepsis or shock the patient is transferred to the intensive care unit.

Polyarthritis

This disease occurs in people of any age.

Treatment of knee inflammation that is caused by polyarthritis is indicated using a variety of medications:

  • anti-inflammatory non-steroid preparations - to reduce inflammation and blockade of prostaglandins that activate the inflammation process;
  • of corticosteroids - relieve inflammation and relieve pain;
  • basic antirheumatic drugs - are aimed at treating diseases caused by polyarthritis.

To reduce pain and inflammation together with taking medication, physiotherapy is used - ultrasound, magnetic therapy, paraffin. Polyarthritis does not heal completely, therefore, therapy should be carried out constantly.

The decision of a question than and how to treat an inflammation of a knee joint lies exclusively in the competence of the doctor. Self-medication is fraught with serious consequences.

Insect bites

With a small stretch, swelling in the knee joint caused by insect bites can be attributed. In this case, the following standard measures should be taken:

  • to remove the sting;
  • treat the wound with the use of laundry soap;
  • apply ice;
  • take an antihistamine.

When is an operation necessary?

Surgical intervention is indicated in critical cases, when there is no other choice. This occurs when the inflammation of the knee joints is started and the treatment does not bring the necessary relief, and then the spikes in the synovial knee bag are formed.

Also the operation is necessary when:

  • purulent toxicity;
  • ingress into the articular cavity of the foreign body;
  • for osteomyelitis.
  • during the operation, all damaged tissues are removed and excised completely.

How to avoid inflammation?

To address the issue of how to treat knee inflammation in your life, you should adhere to prevention rules that prevent the development of inflammatory processes in the knee joint, timely treatment of infectious and systemic diseases, bruises and dislocations, as well as in preventing joint hypothermia andinsect bites.

Video: Treatment of joints using traditional medicine

osteocure.ru

Arthritis of the shoulder joint

One of the most common diseases to date is arthritis. Especially rapidly it develops with age, also, this disease affects athletes, most often - weightlifters who trained without protective equipment, as well as athletes who suffered injuries.

Arthritis of the shoulder joint treatment medications

Arthritis of the shoulder joint treatment preparations

Despite the fact that according to statistics, the number of sufferers suffering from this disease is leading, in Europe and Asian countries arthritis is also quite common. The only part of the world where this disease develops is a bit slower, so it's Africa and the countries that are there.

Arthritis is a disease that is an inflammatory process in the joints. It arises, presumably, as a result of the development of infection( after the infectious diseases transferred by the body) or as a consequence of the autoimmune reaction of the organism, as well as the suffered injuries and overstrain of the joints.

Until now, the exact cause of this disease has not been established accurately and definitively by physicians, studies are actively being conducted, and the possibility of developing arthritis as an allergic reaction type or, as a result of hypothermia, is added to the above symptoms.

Arthritis can be an independent disease or the result of another disease, for example, rheumatism.

Characteristic for arthritis is the fact that it does not affect one joint, it can spread immediately and into several. Moreover, the hands, shoulder joints, leg limbs( for example, gout), cartilaginous tissues and spine become sick also.

For the activity of a person and ensuring his vital activity, the shoulder, more precisely the shoulder joint, occupies a very important place. This joint is the most mobile, it is responsible for the movement of the hands, which means a lot. Therefore, this joint is constantly subjected to overload.

Consists of a shoulder joint of two small: the clavicle joint and the shoulder joint. And to amaze arthritis can as one of them, and both these joints.

The structure of the shoulder joint

The structure of the shoulder joint

The forms of arthritis of the shoulder joint include:

  • rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic, chronic disease that causes inflammation of the connective tissue and small shoulder joints. This type of arthritis affects several joints and spreads symmetrically, and immediately from both sides of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis is a consequence of infections and weak immunity of the body, and the result of this disease is disability;
  • Osteoarthritis is a type of disease in which the inflammation of the cartilaginous tissue in the joints leads to the destruction of the cartilage. Osteoarthritis is always accompanied by severe pain, and gradually, the absence of cartilage stops the function of the joint;
  • Post-traumatic arthritis is the most common form of arthritis of the shoulder joint. It develops as a result of the trauma, rupture of tendons and ligaments( their set in the shoulder joint), as well as cracks in the cartilage;
Key joint ligaments

Joints of the key joint

  • arthropathy is a type of arthritis that develops after ruptures of the cuff of the shoulder, as a result, the person is disturbed by the movement with the shoulder, and then - the bone also inflames;
  • aseptic necrosis - this kind of arthritis is the result of poor blood circulation in the region of the shoulder joint, the result of necrosis becomes the death of cells and the cessation of the joints of their functions. The causes of this particular type of arthritis include alcohol dependence, trauma and anemia.

Common symptoms of shoulder joint disease

Each of the types of arthritis of the shoulder joint begins with pain and discomfort. Gradually the pain intensifies and eventually becomes intolerable.

The most important sign of arthritis is severe pain, which hinders the movement of the hand. In this case, there may be a click inside the shoulder joint.

In addition to pain, in the joint area there is inflammation, and the body temperature can rise.

Inflammatory process in the shoulder joint

Inflammatory process in the shoulder joint

Many people do not pay much attention to pain in the shoulder joint, preferring to think that this is a temporary phenomenon after labor or physical exertion.

When arthritis pain can significantly increase and under the influence of weather conditions.

The cause for concern should be pain in the back of the shoulder, this way inflammation of the scapular-thoracic joint is manifested.

If the key is inflamed, the pain will be transmitted to the front of the shoulder.

Methods for treatment of arthritis of the shoulder joint

Arthritis of the shoulder joint treatment of medications - all this should be prescribed by a doctor, but a more detailed examination( laboratory tests or hardware diagnostics) is needed to determine the type and stage of the disease accurately, and to prescribe the right treatment.

There are many methods and medications for the treatment of arthritis of the shoulder joint in modern medicine, some of which are described below.

Medications for the treatment of arthritis

For medicamental treatment of arthritis of the shoulder joint, medicines are used that have anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic effect.

Medication

Drug treatment

These drugs include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The principle of their action is reduced to blocking in the focus of inflammation those enzymes that catalyze the process of inflammation. With the help of these drugs, inflammation and edema are removed, and with it - pains stop.

The most commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for arthritis of the shoulder joint are:

  • diclofenac;
  • ibuprofen;
  • ketoprofen;
  • indomethacin.

These are just some examples of drugs, in fact there are many, but for each type of disease it is necessary to select them strictly on an individual basis.

All of the above drugs are generally available, sold in any pharmacy, even without prescriptions.

In addition to the use of prescribed drugs inside, the use of external agents( ointments, gels, creams, flours and compresses), which also contain components of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, is effective enough.

As a remedy for advanced stages of the disease, a doctor can prescribe:

  • hormonal agents( eg, dexamethosone);
  • narcotic analgesic( for example, morphine).

All medications can cause side effects such as headache, nausea, abdominal pain, dizziness, rash, pressure rises and is much more difficult, depending on the characteristics of each individual drug. With improper application, too long taking and overdoses can cause complications of kidney, liver, gastrointestinal tract.

Therefore, during the taking of this or that drug should be under the supervision of a doctor. If side effects occur, the doctor will promptly replace the drug with a more suitable one.

Often the treatment of arthritis of the shoulder joint is complemented by paraffin therapy and mud treatment.

Hardware methods for treating arthritis

For the treatment of arthritis of the shoulder joint, in order not to bring the disease before surgery, the patient is often prescribed and physiotherapy.

This treatment begins of course with a shoulder massage. The effect of treatment is enhanced by the appointment of electrophoresis with drugs. Also, laser therapy, ultrasound therapy and magnetotherapy are used as hardware methods for treating arthritis of the shoulder.

Aggregate application of such procedures helps to stretch muscle tissue, perform muscle strengthening and improve blood circulation of the joint.

Hardware treatment methods are prescribed in conjunction with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Gymnastics as a way of treating arthritis

When pain sensations in the shoulder are removed with the help of medications or in combination with a hardware treatment, a patient with arthritis should undergo a course of therapeutic physical training.

The complex of exercises must be performed daily, during the prescribed period( usually from three to four weeks).Physiotherapy can not be performed at elevated body temperature.

All exercises should be performed safely, avoiding pain in the affected joint.

If you decide to do exercise therapy at home, then it should be accompanied by a set of exercises, shown in the picture.

Complex of therapeutic exercises for arthritis of the shoulder joint

Complex of therapeutic exercises for arthritis of the shoulder joint

Prevention of arthritis

Any disease is easier to prevent than treat. Of course, the disease can overtake anyone, but still, if you regularly adhere to certain rules, there is a significant chance that this disease will not affect you:

  • is a balanced diet that includes in your daily diet vegetables, fruits, dairy products and fatty fish( as a supplierfish oil), dairy products, as well as avoid excessive consumption of salt and sugar;
Vegetables and fruits - the best preventive remedies for any disease

Vegetables and fruits - the best preventive remedies for any disease

  • regular physical exercises, which help to improve the body and improve blood circulation.

The elimination of alcohol and nicotine is also one of the stages of arthritis prevention.

And most importantly - at the slightest symptoms of the disease, in no case delay the trip to the doctor.

Video - Arthritis of the shoulder joint treatment preparations

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How and what to treat the inflammation of the joints

As practice of orthopedic physicians shows, the risk group of arthritis, first of all, includes women, as well as people with overweight, leading sedentarylifestyle and smokers.

Clinical picture of

Before treating inflammation of the joints, it is necessary to check the accuracy of the diagnosis. Determine this will help the attending physician, who will appoint a number of diagnostic measures. Unfortunately, it is difficult for a non-expert to distinguish between arthritis and arthrosis. Characteristic symptoms of the first disease, which causes inflammation of the joints, are:

  • Edema and redness of the skin at the site of inflammation;
  • Pain in the inflamed joint;
  • Stiffness and restriction of movements;
  • Increase in body temperature at the site of localization of the inflammation focus.

Along with this, patients have such non-specific symptoms of arthritis as weight loss, weakness and fatigue, and a worsening of appetite. If you do not consult a doctor in time on how to treat joint inflammation, pain and other symptoms of the disease will worsen, seriously worsening the patient's well-being.

Non-drug treatment

The question of how to treat joint inflammation requires an integrated approach. Development of the curative program is carried out on an individual basis. Throughout the treatment process, the doctor monitors the results and, if necessary, corrects the treatment regimen. Not drug therapy gives good results at the very beginning of the development of the inflammatory process, and also enhances the effect of medications. To non-medicamentous ways of treating joint inflammation are:

  • Reducing the load on the joint( getting rid of excess weight, using the cane, patella and orthopedic insoles, restricting physical labor and refusing to engage in sports);
  • Medical gymnastics( dynamic exercises in the supine or sitting position, swimming in the pool);
  • Physiotherapeutic procedures( massage, hydrotherapy and acupuncture, ultrasound, laser and magnetic therapy);
  • Correction of a patient's lifestyle( avoiding smoking and alcohol, limiting caffeine and eating harmful foods).

Medication for

Many of the patients who have experienced arthritis are interested in how to treat joint inflammation most effectively. The choice of medicines should be entrusted to the attending physician. Self-administration may be ineffective or even cause a number of side effects. In the treatment of joint inflammation, the following groups of medicines are actively used:

  • Painkillers. Hormonal and non-steroid drugs provide a reduction in pain in the joint and reduce inflammation;
  • Chondroprotectors. They prevent the development of degenerative changes in the cartilaginous tissue of the joint, ensure its zishchit from external and internal influences, create a small anesthetic effect;
  • Combined preparations. Combine several active substances, providing multifactorial treatment of arthritis.

For local effects on the area of ​​inflammation, doctors prescribe to patients the use of warming ointments and gels. In the event that they are not effective, physicians inject painkillers into the patient's joint.

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