Osteochondrosis of the back
Often today it happens to meet people suffering from osteochondrosis, since this disease is the most common in our days. Osteochondrosis of the back is a degenerative-dystrophic disease, in which the tissues of the spine suffer. In the case of this disease, there is a lesion of the intervertebral discs, as well as the articular surfaces surrounding it.
In the first place, the deforming processes of the disease affect the ligamentous apparatus and bones. Of course, that the patient finds out about the presence of osteochondrosis, when the pain syndrome begins to manifest and the motor activity decreases. At the same time in the human body in the spine are various changes, including a violation of the performance of nearby internal organs.
It's no secret that the modern population of the world is at the mercy of this disease, as people begin to suffer from 18 years of age, although some time ago osteochondrosis was considered the lot of the old generation.
Stages of development of
Like many other diseases, spinal osteochondrosis proceeds in several stages, each of which has its own symptoms. It goes without saying that at the first stages the disease is very difficult to determine, whereas the subsequent ones already threaten human health.
- The first stage is characterized by the beginning of the process of dehydration of the pulpous nucleus. Such a process leads to a decrease in the distance of the intervertebral disc placement. Also during this period there is a formation in the fibrous ring of cracks.
- In the second stage, the vertebrae converge as the height of the intervertebral disc decreases. As a result of this process, sagging muscles and ligaments are observed. Among other things, this stage is accompanied by the formation of an unstable state of the vertebral apparatus, which leads to slipping of the vertebrae.
- The third stage of the disease is characterized by the most pronounced morphological changes in the intervertebral discs. Here we mean the formation of protrusion of discs. As a result of such processes, development of arthrosis is observed. It goes without saying that at this stage the pains in the back with osteochondrosis are especially pronounced.
- The fourth stage of the disease is associated with the processes of adaptation to changes. In this case, the body is aimed at preserving the basic functions of the spine, that is, supporting and protective, resulting in overcoming the increased mobility of the vertebrae.
Causes of the disease
It is impossible to establish an unambiguous reason for the development of such a disease as osteochondrosis. Researchers consider osteochondrosis a polyfactorial disease. However, nevertheless, a certain number of reasons contributing to the emergence and development of osteochondrosis can be identified. It should be noted that one of the most popular versions among researchers is widespread, which states that the main cause of the development of the disease is overstrain of the muscular corset of the spine, unphysiological stresses, and hypotonia of the muscles. All this contributes to the overload of the vertebrae, resulting in a significant decrease in blood circulation and degeneration of the discs.
Among other reasons that affect the formation of osteochondrosis, you can identify violations of the endocrine system, as well as metabolic disorders. Among other things, hereditary predisposition can also become a conductor of the disease. However, not always it can manifest itself in this case. If the carrier of such a predisposition leads an active lifestyle, observes proper nutrition and refuses bad habits, then osteochondrosis may not appear throughout life. It may well be burning in the back with osteochondrosis, as a result of the presence of diseases associated with internal organs. Also, the presence of various spinal injuries, including minute cracks, can affect the disease.
Factors of the development of the disease
The factors causing its development play an important role in the development of the disease. So, the main place among them is occupied by:
Osteochondrosis of the spine - symptoms, treatment
General description of the disease
Osteochondrosis of the spine is a disease caused by destruction of the bone and cartilaginous tissues of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine.
First of all, when the disease progresses, the central part of the vertebral disc changes - the so-called gelatinous nucleus. Because of this, the vertebra loses some of its damping properties, and thinning and cracks form on the fibrous ring along the periphery of the disc.
Further progression of osteochondrosis leads to complications of the disease - bulging discs or ruptures of the fibrous ring and intervertebral hernia, as its consequence. The instability of the spine in the affected area leads to pain and limited mobility of the head in the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, as well as to limited mobility of the trunk with osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine and lumbar spine.
In 75% of cases, it is the osteochondrosis of the spine that causes back pain. With age, the risk of dystrophy of the spinal tissues significantly increases, therefore, on average, the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine are observed in every second inhabitant of the planet older than 30 years.
Causes of osteochondrosis of the spine
Provoking factors in the development of osteochondrosis of the spine are considered to be back injuries or systematic back strain in case of hard physical work or occupational employment in vibration conditions. If you have to deal a lot with loading and unloading, get a tail lift for your car.
Early manifestation of symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine is caused by poor physical development, flat feet or overweight. There is also a genetic predisposition to a loose structure of intervertebral discs and anomalies in the structure of the spine. Unfavorable in terms of health of the spine are also intensive training in the gym with violation of the rules of distribution of the load on the back, a sedentary lifestyle and malnutrition.
Symptoms of spinal osteochondrosis
The disease manifests itself in a number of typical symptoms. For osteochondrosis of the spine are characterized by: aching in the back, a feeling of numbness in the affected spine, a decrease in the amplitude of movements, increased pain when lifting the gravity, sudden movement, tension during coughing or sneezing.
Chronic pain, as one of the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine, causes increased fatigue. When squeezing the nerve roots with the spinal discs, the pain can be more intense and have a sharp, "shooting" character. Its localization in this case is not limited to the area of the back, but is felt by a person in the region of the extremities.
Stages of osteochondrosis of the spine
The stage of the disease depends on the severity of the symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the spine. At the first stage of osteochondrosis, the pain is practically not felt, if only mild indisposition and weak resistance of the spine to injuries. The destruction of the fibrous ring, a decrease in the size of the vertebral fissures and pain of varying intensity is a symptom of the spinal osteochondrosis of the second stage.
The third stage of the disease is characterized by significant deformations of the bone and vertebral tissues until the appearance of intervertebral hernias. Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine of the most severe fourth stage are massive bone growths, limited mobility, intense pain, and complete or partial paralysis of the extremities caused by compression of the nerve roots.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine often leads to violations of blood circulation due to compression of the arteries. This leads to intense headache, dizziness and fainting. With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, there is sometimes a syndrome of the vertebral artery. It is characterized by a sensation of noise in the head, flickering "flies" or colored spots in front of the eyes. With osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, peripheral pain in the area of the shoulders or arms is also possible.
Symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine
The osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine can aggravate the course of various cardiac pathologies. The disease causes the progression of intercostal neuralgia( squeezing of the intercostal nerves).With osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine, pain in the chest and a feeling of "cola" in the center of the chest are observed.
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine leads to the development of the following diseases: sciatica, lumbago and so-called lumbar radiculitis.
Sciatica, as one of the complications of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, is characterized by sciatic nerve damage, pain in the gluteal region, hypotonia( decreased tone) of the gastrocnemius and gluteus muscles.
With lumbago, the symptom of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is a sharp pain in the lower back caused by the displacement of the vertebrae or the prolapse of the vertebral disc.
Lumbar radiculitis, another complication of the osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, is provoked by the hernias of the lowest discs of the spine. It is accompanied by pain in the buttocks with irradiation to the posterior surface of the thigh, popliteal fossa, shin and foot.
Diagnosis of spinal osteochondrosis
A preliminary diagnosis of "spinal osteochondrosis" is set by a neurologist after a primary examination in connection with the patient's complaints of back pain and limited mobility. The stage of osteochondrosis of the spine is established depending on the degree of deformation of the spine, the patient's posture condition and the number of affected discs.
All of the above symptoms of spine osteochondrosis are diagnosed with the patient's back feeling. The doctor also pays attention to the state of muscle tone. Since in most cases, the disease is accompanied by hypertonia of the muscles of the back.
With the help of tests on flexion of the spine, the amplitude of the patient's movements is determined. Thanks to the use of radiography, CT and MRI, the diagnosis is specified and the future tactics of treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine is determined.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine
In the treatment of osteochondrosis of the spine conservative and surgical techniques are used. The goal of both is to eliminate the pain syndrome and prevent further progression of the spinal deformity.
At the same time, surgical treatment of spine osteochondrosis is used only if conservative therapy of the disease has proved ineffective.
The active phase of applying conservative methods lasts an average of 2 months. At the beginning of it, there may be a short-term increase in the pain syndrome caused by the body's response to medications, exercise therapy( PHE) and physical therapy. In conservative treatment of spinal osteochondrosis, massage, manual therapy, stretching and reflexotherapy are also used. The effectiveness of treatment of the osteochondrosis of the spine depends on the systemic procedures and persistence of the patient himself in the performance of complexes of exercise therapy.
Surgical treatment of the osteochondrosis of the spine is performed with a herniated intervertebral disc, whose prescription is more than 6 months old. Indication for the operation is also a reduction in the gap between the vertebrae to 1/3 of the original size and compression of the roots of the spinal cord.
The leading method in the surgical treatment of spine osteochondrosis is discectomy, i.e.removal of deformed disk. The operation can be minimally invasive, performed with the help of endoscopic instruments by microdiscectomy, B-Twin system, and puncture laser vaporization of the nucleus of the deformed disc.
After the surgical treatment of spine osteochondrosis, a rehabilitation period of 6 months is supposed. During it, the patient goes to a sanatorium-and-spa treatment for a course of physiotherapy, manual therapy, acupuncture, etc.
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Symptoms of osteochondrosis: causes and treatment
First of all osteochondrosis damages joints of the spine and intervertebral discs. The destruction of intervertebral discs leads to a decrease in their height and protrusion of the intervertebral jelly nucleus with the formation of an intervertebral hernia.
Stages of damage to the intervertebral disc
The main symptoms of osteochondrosis, depending on the mechanism of their formation, can be divided into several groups:
- reflex - this is lumbago, lumboishialgia, lumbalgia;
- radicular - discogenic or vertebrogenic lumbosacral radiculitis, in which the first sacral spine or fifth lumbar region is affected;
- syndromes of osteochondrosis radicular-vascular - squeezing together with rootlets of the vessels of the radicular vein, artery or radiculo-ischemia.
The most common and the first sign of osteochondrosis of the back is pain in the lumbar region. Pain gives in the buttocks, thighs, shins.
Pain sensations intensify even with the slightest movements and inclinations, with coughing and sneezing. One of the signs of osteochondrosis of the back is loss of sensitivity of the skin of the lower part of the trunk, legs. Tendon reflexes may loosen or disappear completely.
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Exacerbation of pain in the back area occurs after severe physical exertion immediately or after a while. Pain in the back area can cause permanent hypothermia. At the same time, not only the sensitivity of the skin is disturbed, there is chilliness in the legs, a sensation of "goosebumps," a feeling of tingling, dry skin and peeling in the locus of the disease.
Special danger for the back and the whole organism from the instability of the vertebrae - complications may occur. The vertebrae are not fixed with the help of discs, and therefore, with minimal load, the lumbosacral department literally moves away from the sacrum. That entails significant damage to the internal organs. For women, this can lead to serious problems with the female genitals - the uterus, ovaries, appendages, men may have problems with potency.
If there is a "locked back" symptom, the patient can neither bend nor straighten up after a long stay in a bent position, since the slightest movements cause acute pain. Sharp pain prevents movement, literally fetters a person. Pain calms down if you return to the horizontal position.
Symptom of lumbago or chronic lumbargia
Because of a long stay in a static, uncomfortable position, muscle overload, there is acute pain - lumbulgia. Lumbling and other symptoms of osteochondrosis can provoke hypothermia of either the lumbar region or the entire body.
Pain sensations are localized on one side of the back and intensified after prolonged sitting or inclinations. The aggravation of the disease occurs on day 5, then gradually, if the patient adheres to the resting regime, the pain syndrome subsides.
Lumbalia may take days, weeks, may last for weeks. If treatment is not carried out, the disease becomes chronic.
Symptom, in which the sensitivity of the affected parts of the spine is impaired. Pain in the lumbar region occurs in bands that capture the buttocks and hips. In the leg area, the temperature decreases, arteries spasm arises, sometimes, in especially severe cases, the pulse may disappear.
Nervous roots are compressed in the vertebral canal by deformed intervertebral discs, irritation of the nerve roots is accompanied by sharp pain.
The radicular-vascular syndrome
This is how the compression of the nerve root
looks. Inside the intervertebral discs, pathological processes occur, as a result of which the nerve roots are squeezed. Together with the nerve roots the blood vessels are squeezed. Radiculitis is the squeezing of one or two nerve roots.
Violations of the motor activity of the big toe or foot are often observed, as well as sensitivity in the area of localization of the disease.
Stages of the disease
Symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the spine depend on the stage of the disease. Doctors distinguish 4 stages of lesions of the intervertebral discs:
In the initial stage of intervertebral disc disorders both in men and women, there are not pronounced painful sensations in the lumbar region and discomfort, which is aggravated by physical exertion. Patients complain of dull pain in the back and buttocks, arising from sudden movements, physical exertion, heavy lifting, at other times the pain does not bother the patient.
What are the symptoms of stage 2?Between the vertebrae the distance decreases, the fibrous ring collapses. Nerve endings are jammed. In the lumbar region there are sharp pains, giving to the buttocks, the shin, the external surface of the thigh. During the exacerbation of the disease and during the seizures, the patients take a characteristic posture, leaning in a healthy direction.
In the second stage of the disease, both in women and men, the symptoms are manifested not only by severe pains, but also by disturbances in the temperature response: in the lumbar region, either cold or burning fire is felt.
In the third stage, fibrotic rings are destroyed and intervertebral hernias are formed. This stage of osteochondrosis leads to a considerable deformation of the spine. Painful sensations are permanent, intense.
The most neglected stage, in which the patient is very difficult to move. For a long time the pain may subside, but this indicates serious serious changes in the vertebrae - bone growths. At the fourth stage, if you do not receive treatment on time, osteochondrosis of all departments leads to disability.
Post-traumatic osteochondrosis is the result of degenerative-dystrophic joint damage that develops in response to trauma.
In case of injury to the joints, bones, ligaments, joints, muscles, significant pathological changes occur in the metabolism in the tissues of the joints, the biomechanics of the joints changes completely. These changes lead to damage to the cartilage of the joint, slowing its recovery. Cartilage tissue loses its elasticity, its thickness becomes smaller, so the cartilage can not ensure the smoothness of sliding surfaces of the joints and intervertebral discs relative to each other. Osteochondrosis post-traumatic can cause fractures, dislocations, repeated traumas.
The main symptoms of the disease
The first stage of the disease is characterized by the absence of symptoms. There may be only a slight fatigue of the arm or leg, minor pain or a crunch in the joint.
Pain sensations appear mainly in the morning and quickly pass. Such a pain medicine characterizes the "starting".
As the pathological process develops, the symptoms of the ailment increase: pain sensations appear first at any load, and then at rest, the stiffness in the joint joins the pain.
In the late stages of the disease, due to changes in the shape of the bones, the formation of proliferation and fusion, the length of the affected joint may change, the mobility of the joint is significantly reduced. Treatment is most effective in the first stage.
Methods of treatment
Treatment of osteochondrosis can be limited only by pain medication, since they only eliminate symptoms without fighting the causes. Modern medicine recommends an integrated approach in the treatment of osteochondrosis.
Complex program for the treatment of the disease will necessarily include:
- drug treatment involves the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics, muscle relaxants, substances that normalize blood circulation in the affected parts of the spine and surrounding tissues;
- treatment of osteochondrosis is not effective without therapeutic gymnastics;
- physiotherapy treatment;
- acupuncture and other procedures.
The disease affects not only vertebrae and vertebral disks, but also surrounding tissues, suffer from degenerative changes in the spine and artery. Only complex treatment eliminates the disease, affecting for several reasons.
Assign vasodilators to ensure that arteries in the affected area continue to function normally and allow sufficient blood to pass through. Inflamed nerve roots cause spasms of blood vessels, because of this, the blood flow is significantly reduced. The task of vasodilators is to expand the vessels, to remove spasms.
Chondroprotectors promote the regeneration of damaged tissues. Without drugs of this group, treatment is not effective, since the disease slowly but mercilessly destroys the cartilaginous tissue, not allowing it to be updated.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Eliminate foci of inflammation, including those that are deep in the tissues.
NSAIDs have contraindications, threatening impaired functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, so treatment is prescribed courses no more than 10 days.
The disease causes a significant shortage of calcium, magnesium and other vitamins. Therefore, experts prescribe vitamin drugs to eliminate their shortages.
Analgesics and analgesics
The main symptom of the disease is pain. Often only the strongest analgesics or psychotropic drugs can eliminate pain.
Traditional medicine will be an excellent addition to the basic treatment of
Together with the medicamental official medicine, patients with osteochondrosis can use the methods of traditional medicine. A good effect is given by warming and anti-inflammatory compresses, tinctures, decoctions, ointments, home-made preparations.
A decoction from the burdock leaves has an excellent analgesic property. Compress from the broth of burdock left for the night, wrapped in a woolen shawl.
To reduce tension and relieve spasm of muscles, painful attacks will help warm baths with pine needles, chamomile, sporich.
Alcohol tincture made of lilac, decoction from the roots of burdock and St. John's wort facilitates pain. These folk remedies can be taken inside.
Osteochondrosis is an unpleasant disease, but this is not a verdict. To treat it it is necessary to begin with the appearance of the first symptoms under the supervision of a specialist, with a professionally selected complex of treatment.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: headache
A constant symptom in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a headache. Usually, pain occurs in the occiput and spreads to the parietal-temporal region. The pain is permanent and intensifies with movements of the neck, often in the morning. Elderly people often lose consciousness with a sharp turn of the head, which is preceded by dizziness, noise in the ears, decreased visual acuity and hearing, nausea and vomiting. It is possible to develop the so-called vertebral artery syndrome, which consists of the following complaints: head noise, dizziness,flies, "color spots in front of the eyes in combination with a burning, throbbing headache.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: pain in the hands, shoulders
Often the pains intensify with minimal load on the arm;some patients are not able to walk in a coat - it presses them on their shoulders and seems prohibitively heavy.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine
The manifestations of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine are extremely diverse, but none of the symptoms is strictly specific. Basically, the symptoms are determined by the location( location) of the painful process and the degree of its severity. Pain in the thoracic spine is the main symptom. After physical exertion or a long stay in one position, the pain intensifies, which causes the patients to change their pose even at night.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: intercostal neuralgia
Stinging, aching or dull pain in the scapula and interlobar space is very typical. Patients complain of a feeling of "iron mites", like a "count" in the chest, squeezing their back even at night. Licking on the processes of the vertebrae is painful. Pain can spread to various internal organs.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine: heart pain
Symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine are pains of the heart. The pains in the heart are long, pressing, drilling.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: it is difficult to straighten up
Lumbosacral pains are of a different nature, they are dull and aching, amplified when making awkward and abrupt movements, when trying to lift heaviness, shaking, sneezing, coughing, changing the position of the trunk, and also during prolonged stay in one position. The onset of pain or exacerbation is usually preceded by physical overload, prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position. Being in a bent position, a person with difficulty unbends, sometimes can not even move, because any movement causes an increase in pain. The muscles of the back are very tense( a symptom of a "locked back").It becomes difficult to wash, brush your teeth, wash, iron. In the horizontal position, the severity of pain is significantly reduced. Sometimes it brings relief to the forced position of the body: lying on his back, lying bent on a healthy side, standing on all fours, with a pillow under his belly, or squatting. In untrained people with weakened muscles, mainly engaged in mental work, an unusual physical load, for example, carrying weights, causes an aggravation of pain only the next day, even after rest( "the phenomenon of the second day").
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: it is difficult to straighten up
For osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine: low back pain giving to the rump, lower limbs, sometimes to the pelvic organs;damage to the nerve roots( with herniated intervertebral discs, bone proliferation, spondylolisthesis, spondyloarthrosis): shooting pain and impaired sensitivity, hypotrophy, hypotension, weakness in innervated muscles, decreased reflexes.
Symptoms for osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: backache
Great trouble brings sharp pain in the lumbar region, which has the form of a lumbago. Typically, this pain arises from the overload of the muscles of the spine( with heavy lifting or awkward movement).Predisposing factors are general body cooling or local cooling of the lumbar region
Symptoms of lumbar spine osteochondrosis: numbness, chills, tingling, chilliness of the extremities
Another common symptom of osteochondrosis is numbness, impaired sensitivity in areas of pain. These zones have the form of bands that capture the gluteal region, they run along the hip, lower leg, less often - feet. Often there are feelings of crawling, tingling.
Chilliness of the limb, lowering of the temperature of the skin on the leg, spasm of the arteries of the feet are characteristic, sometimes even the pulse disappears. Violations of sweating, dryness and peeling of the skin are noted.
In some cases, there is burning in the back with osteochondrosis.
Ointments can help alleviate the state of health, in combination with
tablets Treatment methods
Osteochondrosis is treated often by conservative methods. They are aimed at restoring soreness and stopping the development of cartilage degeneration. If this does not help, the doctors go to extreme measures and propose an operation.
The duration of surgical treatment largely depends on the neglect and severity of the disease, as well as the patient's conscientiousness in the performance of the tasks set by the doctor. The active phase often lasts from 1 to 3 months, and the recovery period after surgery is a year.
To forget about the pains in the back with osteochondrosis and how strong they are, the treatment procedures should be comprehensive and include: massage, exercise therapy, manual therapy, a course of treatment with tablets. Methods of traditional medicine also help to remove pain.
Ointments and Gels
Along with anti-inflammatory agents in tablets, in the treatment of pains that accompany osteochondrosis, often various gels and ointments are also used.
Massage - an indispensable assistant in osteochondrosis.
Ointments from osteochondrosis of the back are divided into several groups: some can relieve inflammation, others build up cartilage tissue, and others perform a number of tasks. Often, ointments are also used for massages to warm the diseased area, relax the muscles and increase circulation of the blood. The most popular and approved are the means based on ibuprofen, Fastumgel, phyto-ointments containing venom of snakes.
Quite often patients, trying to enhance the effect of massage, visit baths and steam rooms. Is it possible to warm your back with osteochondrosis in reality, without exacerbating the situation? First of all, you need to listen to the signals that the body gives. If coughing, tapping or sneezing pain in one or another part of the body increases, then it is strictly forbidden to warm it up. Such a reaction may indicate the presence of an inflammatory process. Warming up will cause even more blood flow, which will only worsen the situation.
Types of therapeutic massage
One of the most effective methods, which includes the treatment of back osteochondrosis, is massage. It can be traditional, hardware, canned, etc. The choice of technique depends on the phase of the disease and the degree of damage to the spine. Naturally, during a period of exacerbation, any physical effects are contraindicated. The patient is prescribed calmness and a course of medicines.
If you repeat massage sessions several times a year, you can forget about back pain and avoid relapse for many years. Naturally, it is better that this procedure is performed by a qualified master.
For those who do not have the opportunity to give money for a back massage with osteochondrosis, professionals can massage themselves at home. The main thing is not to make sudden movements and if there is pain, then stop all sorts of actions. But before carrying out such procedures, it is necessary to consult about their technique with the attending physician. Usually such massages include rubbing and stroking. No excessive pressure, especially on the spine!
Incorrect body position when sitting - the first cause of osteochondrosis.
Contraindications to massage
As with any medical procedure, the massage has its own list of contraindications. These include fever, ailments associated with damage to the skin and muscular skeleton. Massage will not work for you, if you have diseases related to blood or tuberculosis of bone tissue. Doctors also put a taboo on the treatment of spinal osteochondrosis with massage in the presence of any diseases that have a chronic course: heart disease, diabetes mellitus or pathological division of cells of any kind( tumor).
Prohibitions for the disease
Absence of necessary physical exertion and low mobility, extra pounds, fatigue - these are the main reasons for the development of osteochondrosis of the back - treatment should be such as to avoid all harmful factors. It is also designed to strengthen the muscles surrounding the ridge.
In addition, it is recommended for a day to walk and move more, do exercises in the morning, and also regularly perform complexes of exercise therapy and not be lazy. Try not to sit in one position for more than half an hour. If you have office work, stretch, go more even here and there.
It is also important not to sleep or sit on an overly soft couch. For sleep, buy yourself a mattress from the orthopedic series. It will not only take the shape of your body, but also prevent excessive stress on your back.
When walking, make sure that your back remains flat, buy only the shoes that you are comfortable with. If possible, try not to drag yourself to gravity. Do not allow the slightest crunch of joints, even if it is a relief. The whole point is that if damaged joints are rubbed, it will lead to their destruction in the future. It is also important to observe proper nutrition and follow the weight so as not to gain extra pounds.
One massage without performing a complex of simple exercises of proper use will not bring. But remember that any physical exertion can be performed only after consulting a doctor. The question of how to treat osteochondrosis of the back can become after the gymnastics edge, if you do the exercises incorrectly.
As a rule, the complex includes several simple exercises, which take no more than 10-15 minutes. The main thing is to do them regularly, not just when you want the pain to go away.
Now you are familiar with the overview of how to cure your back from osteochondrosis. It is worth noting that you will not be able to get rid of the disease forever, but forget about the pains for a long time - quite. To do this, follow the doctor's instructions and follow all the prescriptions from medications to procedures.
Osteochondrosis: what is it and how to treat it?
Osteochondrosis of the spine is cervical, thoracic and lumbar - it all depends on the localization of pathological changes. The disease is more common among older people, although the incidence among young people has also increased recently. Such an early appearance of ailment, first of all, is associated with unsatisfactory physical preparation of children, overweight in many adolescents. In addition, modern children increasingly prefer to spend time with computers and TV, rather than mobile games, street walks and sports. All these factors contribute to impaired posture, weakening of the back muscles and the development of other negative consequences for the spine.
What is osteochondrosis?
The basis of this pathology is the violation of trophism of intervertebral discs and vertebrae, which leads to a change in the normal structure of tissues. As a result of these processes, the cartilaginous disc loses its elasticity, changes its consistency and shape. Accordingly, the width of the intervertebral spaces decreases, and the affected segment of the spine simply loses its stability. Violation of the normal relationship between the vertebrae is accompanied by squeezing the nerve roots from the spinal cord, the intensity of the muscles of the back. This is the reason for the emergence of pain syndrome and neurological symptoms in osteochondrosis.
Dystrophic changes in the disc lead to a weakening of its outer fibrous ring. Therefore, in patients with osteochondrosis, such serious complications as protrusion( bulging of a part of the disc) and vertebral hernia( hanging of the pulpous disk nucleus into the spinal canal) often occur. Further degenerative changes spread to small vertebral column joints, intervertebral ligaments, and bone growths of the vertebrae are formed. It becomes difficult for the patient to bend, straighten up, that is, the flexibility of the spine is lost, there are subluxations of the vertebrae and pathological curvatures of the affected parts of the spinal column( kyphosis, scoliosis).
Such degenerative changes in cartilage and bone tissue are the result of imminent physiological aging of the organism, but for a number of reasons( they will be described below) the development of osteochondrosis can be significantly accelerated.
Causes of osteochondrosis
All causes of this disease can be divided into several groups:
- Associated with increased stress on the spine: excess weight;heavy physical work( especially cargo lifts);Occupations that require prolonged standing or sitting;wearing uncomfortable shoes, too high heels, and also bags only on one shoulder;incorrect posture;insufficiently developed muscular frame, which is a consequence of a sedentary lifestyle;congenital and acquired deformities of the spine;flat feet.
- Internal: heredity, age changes, metabolic disorders, intoxication of the body, nervous overstrain, stress, severe somatic diseases, hormonal changes( eg, in pregnancy, menopause), autoimmune diseases of connective tissue.
- External: spinal injuries, nutrition with insufficient vitamins and minerals( especially vitamins D, C, group B, as well as calcium and phosphorus), bad habits, use of awkward mattresses and pillows for sleep.
Professional sports also often cause premature aging of the intervertebral discs, which, as a rule, increases after a sharp cessation of training.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis is a chronic ailment, which is characterized by alternation of periods of exacerbation and remission. To contribute to the emergence of acute symptoms may be excessive physical stress, overfatigue, hypothermia, trauma, body shaking and the impact of vibration. The features of the clinical picture of exacerbations of this disease depend on the localization of the pathological process and the presence of complications. So, for cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by pain in the neck, hands, stiffness of movements, numbness of fingers, headache. If the compression of the vertebral artery is attached, the condition of the person is even more burdensome. He has a throbbing headache, severe dizziness, worsening of hearing, sensation of "flies before his eyes," fainting is possible.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the thoracic spine are somewhat different: the patient is worried about acute or aching pain in the back, a feeling of "cola in the chest," pain in the heart and other internal organs, shortness of breath( it is difficult for a person to breathe deeply into a full chest due to stiffness of muscles and pain).
In lumbar osteochondrosis, there is pain in the lower back, sacrum and legs, which increases during movements, lumbago in physical exertion, numbness of the lower extremities. There may be various disorders of the urogenital organs( unpleasant soreness, urination disorders, problems with potency in men, dysfunction of the ovaries in women).
In the period of remission, the patient also feels pain, but it is not so pronounced and occurs only in the presence of some provoking factors( loads, forced uncomfortable poses, etc.).
Osteochondrosis and VSD
Pathological changes of the intervertebral joints in osteochondrosis quite often leads to the entrapment of the blood vessels feeding the brain, nerve roots, as well as irritation of the vegetative nodes responsible for the functioning of the internal organs. All this leads to the development of various disorders from the cardiovascular and nervous systems. One of such pathological conditions is vegetative-vascular dystonia( VSD).The main symptoms of VSD:
what are the symptoms of osteochondrosis?:)
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Osteochondrosis( typos - osteochondrosis, osteochondrosis, osteochondrosis, ostiochondrosis) - degradation and destruction of intervertebral discs. It is osteochondrosis that causes back pain in 80% of cases. If osteochondrosis is complicated by herniated intervertebral discs, the pain may appear in the limbs, head and also in the internal organs. Lumbar osteochondrosis, which is the most common, mainly causes pain in the lower extremities, cervical osteochondrosis - in the hands and head, thoracic - in the internal organs. The mechanism of the appearance of pain can be simplified as follows: the intervertebral disc does not withstand the load and its protrusion is formed. Around the intervertebral disc are located nerve processes, vessels and spinal cord. Herniated disc, affecting any of the nasal processes causes its inflammation, which leads to the onset of pain.
Treatment of osteochondrosis
Currently, there are many ways to treat osteochondrosis, ranging from taking medications and ending with surgery. Naturally, there is a lot of controversy about these methods and their effect on the body. When choosing a method of treatment, it is worth paying attention to some points.
For example, if you are going to be treated with medicines prescribed to you by a doctor from a polyclinic, you should pay attention to the fact that most of them are quite expensive, and besides, they have a detrimental effect on the stomach and liver, so carefully read the instructions.
When choosing a manual therapist, it is also desirable to be more attentive, since a non-professional manual user, who is now quite a lot, can take you to a wheelchair. When choosing therapeutic gymnastics, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that exercises do not cause stress on the spine, but only develop the muscles of the back. Do all exercises slowly, without sudden movements.
For prevention of osteochondrosis and exclusion of its exacerbations, it is advisable to observe several rules that will reduce the burden on the spine:
* always keep your back straight
* try not to lift heavy objects. If necessary, raise them by sitting down, and not bending over
* move more often, do not let the muscles of the back atrophy
* hang as often as possible on the bar and swim
Basic symptoms of osteochondrosis
Constant aching pain in the back;
Feeling of numbness and aches in the limbs;
Strengthening pain during sudden movements, physical activity, lifting weights, coughing and sneezing;
Decreased movement volume, muscle spasms.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis are visible only on X-ray and MRI.
Osteochondrosis - dystrophic changes of vertebrae, cartilage, intervertebral discs.
Back pain from muscle spasms.
Vertebrae, cartilage and intervertebral discs do not have nerve endings. Therefore, "sick" can not!