Medication for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Even at the first signs of cervical osteochondrosis, drug therapy is prescribed. Symptoms can be eliminated with an ordinary analgesic pill, but the destruction of the intervertebral disc will continue, and the next time it does not help.
How to stop the destruction of the
disc Medication for cervical osteochondrosis starts with chondroprotectors that stimulate the regenerative processes in the cartilaginous tissue. They are prescribed at all stages of the disease. But the earlier treatment with these drugs begins, the greater the probability of maintaining the intervertebral disc. These properties are possessed by chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. The best therapeutic effect is provided by a combination of these active substances. Today KONDRONOV, Artra, Teraflex, Hondro are popular.
Another good property of these drugs is the ability to exert analgesic action and relieve inflammation of the tissues. The effect of their use in osteochondrosis is felt after several months of constant reception - the pain gradually decreases and the mobility of the spine improves.
In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, chondroprotectors are often taken internally, but sometimes intramuscular injections are prescribed. Special contraindications and complications of the tablet, even with prolonged use, do not.
How to get rid of pain
The healing qualities of chondroprotectors will be noticeable after a few months, and the symptoms of osteochondrosis are already preventing you from living. Pain in the neck, hands;dizziness and do not want to think about anything. Sleep anxious, tired and annoying. What's next? How to treat?Depending on the intensity of the pain symptom, preparations containing paracetamol( Panadol, Medipirin 500, Efferalgan, Tylenol, Daleron, Alka Seltzer plus) can help. They reduce pain in osteochondrosis and have a slight anti-inflammatory effect. Adverse events occur only with their long-term use.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) quickly relieve pain and improve general condition. The choice is great: Meloxicam, Nimesulide, Celecoxib, Ibuprofen, Voltaren and Diclofenac. These are tablets, capsules, suppositories, ointments and solutions for injections. They have serious contraindications:
- ulcerative and erosive diseases of the stomach and intestines;
- blood pressure instability;
- chronic heart disease and other organs in the acute stage;
- individual intolerance.
- Always use NSAIDs with your doctor!
Tablets are given a 1 to 2 week course, which is repeated if necessary. For a faster and more pronounced analgesic effect in the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, intramuscular injections are prescribed.
In the initial stages, osteochondrosis can be treated using irritating and anti-inflammatory ointments. Ointment Voltaren, Ketonal, Dolobene gel is in the medicine cabinet for everyone who is familiar with the pain in the spine.
Ointments containing NSAIDs are applied to a small area and do not accumulate in other tissues. Such use does not cause complications inherent in tablet forms or injections and can reduce the dose of painkillers taken orally.
The pain in osteochondrosis is so strong that the usual intake of drugs does not help. Then blockades are prescribed - local administration of pain medication( novocaine, lidocaine), interrupting the transmission of a pain signal to the brain.
One of the causes of pain in osteochondrosis is a spasm of the muscles that hold the neck in a forced safe position. With prolonged conditions, it is better to treat with muscle relaxants removing this tension. Mydocalm, Sirdalut are more effective in combination with anesthetics.
What else will help with osteochondrosisAnother advise to read:
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
In cases of complications of cervical osteochondrosis, cerebral circulation is disturbed. In this case, the use of psychotropic drugs is desirable. They are prescribed for 2 - 4 weeks and are given only by prescription. Patients in a short time feel improved performance, memory, reducing headaches and normalizing sleep. The elderly are in high spirits, gait becomes sure, irritability and night fears disappear.
In the second and third stages of osteochondrosis, antiaggregants are used that reduce blood viscosity, angioprotectors and venotonicks, improving the permeability and elasticity of the vascular wall. These drugs improve the microcirculation of the brain and tissues of the near-vertebral space.
Vitamins and microelements
Vitamins remain indispensable in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. Often, the appointment of B vitamins alone is sufficient to eliminate chronic pain. They enhance metabolic processes, improve the conductivity of nerve impulses, restore sensitivity and strengthen immunity. You can use a schematic treatment with vitamins B1, B6 and B12, but you can use intramuscular injections of Milgamma, containing all three vitamins.
Is useful and "Aevit" - a complex of vitamin A and E, improves microcirculation. Calcium D3, which strengthens bones and periarticular tissues. To treat osteochondrosis, complex preparations are also used: Aerovit, Duovit, Alphabet. They are applied after eating in the morning during the month.
Modern medicine has medicines that can eliminate dangerous symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. Chondroprotectors stop the destruction of the intervertebral disc. Timely and correctly selected symptomatic medical treatment for many years pushes the development of complications.
How to treat cervical osteochondrosis with drugs?Cervical osteochondrosis, as a rule, begins with a light form, which does not cause special problems to the patient. At this stage, treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is medically most often not required. At the initial stage of the disease it is quite enough to prevent the subsequent complications, for this purpose it is necessary to improve working conditions and lead a healthier lifestyle: do morning exercises, refrain from excessively high-calorie food, give up bad habits, and not lift weights.
It's important to keep your back straight, stick to the right posture during sleep, which the right bed will contribute, and in the process of sitting. Therapeutic gymnastics will also benefit.
Cervical osteochondrosis tends to progress with age, when its forms become more serious. In such cases, patients are prescribed treatment with conservative methods, including exercise therapy, physiotherapy( drug electrophoresis, paraffin, etc.), massage and wearing medical collars. If the case is more severe, then prescribe medications for cervical osteochondrosis.
How to treat cervical osteochondrosis with drugs?The first approach is medication. With it, the treatment is aimed at the pathological process. First of all, you need to reduce pain and inflammation. Further treatment is designed to restore blood circulation, as well as metabolism in the affected area of the neck. The effect of such therapy is achieved with the help of medications with different mechanisms of action. These drugs include the following groups of drugs: analgesics, muscle relaxants, muscle relaxants, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
For the restoration of metabolic processes and stimulation of replenishment of cells in affected tissues, chondroprotectors and vitamins included in group B are used. There are four ways of their application: externally, orally, intramuscularly and intravenously. To the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, individual non-drug therapy complexes are individually medically selected depending on the stage of the disease and the presence of exacerbations of different types.
What tablets are used for treatment?The complex treatment of osteochondrosis of the neck often includes tablets, which include acetylsalicylic acid( better known as aspirin).Their wide application is due to the fact that it reduces heat, relieves pain and relieves inflammation.
Some tablets from cervical osteochondrosis have an action similar to aspirin, however it is more pronounced. Such tablets, for example, include Butadion. This drug must be taken under medical supervision, as it has side effects, including stomach pain, nausea, water retention in the body and itching. This drug should be taken in a dosage of 200 mg three times a day. If side effects occur, stop taking the medication immediately.
Tablets with cervical osteochondrosis are also prescribed for the removal of pain syndrome. They are individually selected by a doctor. The most commonly prescribed are analgin, indomethacin, ketones, ketanol, nise and nimesil. Apply them strictly according to the instructions.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis may include sedative drugs. For example, afobazol, valerian preparations, as well as other soothing drugs.
In the treatment it is very important to improve microcirculation and vestibular apparatus. For such purposes, prescribe tablets Betaserc, Vestibo and others.
Arkoxia has excellent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. However, it can only be bought under the prescription of a doctor and must be taken under the strict supervision of a specialist.
Treatment in the form of tablets with osteochondrosis of the cervical department can be prescribed symptomatically. For example, if the patient osteochondrosis of the neck causes headaches associated with vascular spasms in the brain, the doctor may prescribe drugs for vasodilation. Tablets of such a plan is Cavinton, relieving pain caused by inflammation of the nerve fibers.
Treating from osteochondrosis of the neck, it is important to take vitamins and minerals, as well as restorative products. To relieve edema, diuretics help to improve blood flow and release nerve fibers and vessels located in the affected cervical region from the clamped state.
Cervical osteochondrosis: is it better to be treated with injections?If the patient has very severe pain with osteochondrosis, injections can be given. For this purpose, as a rule, use of mylgamma, lidocaine and ketonal. They perfectly relieve pain and have an anti-inflammatory effect.
Injections for cervical osteochondrosis are prescribed in combination with other types of treatment. For example, to improve the condition of muscles and relieve their overstrain use of vitamin B injections.
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the neck can not be imagined without reducing inflammation and edema of the intervertebral disc. For this purpose, intramuscularly administered Voltaren, Indomethacin, Movalis, Nimesulide, as well as other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Blockade - the most effective prick for osteochondrosis of the neck?A blockade is the introduction of a drug into the area where the pathological process passes. It is important to note at once that only a highly qualified specialist with a higher medical education can carry out the blockade! Do paravertebral blockade at home is prohibited! Thanks to the blockade, the inflammation quickly decreases, and the pain subsides.
For blockade by specialists, as a rule, a combination of an analgesic and a corticosteroid hormone with a prolonged action is used. The analgesic relieves the pain syndrome, and the hormone is responsible for the removal of inflammation. To date, this is the most effective way to relieve severe pain in osteochondrosis of the neck.
In the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis, injections are divided into two types. The first - the introduction of the active substance in the direction of the branches of the nerves of the spinal cord, with it the drug is injected into the zone of interstitial and supraspinous ligaments, as well as into the surrounding intervertebral joint of the tissue and the joint cavity. The second is the introduction into the region of the recurrent branch of the nerve of the spinal cord innervating the structure of the spine. This type includes more complex blockades, when injections are produced in the intervertebral disk itself or in the epidural space of the canal of the spinal cord.
Should I use ointments?When asked the question: how to treat cervical osteochondrosis with drugs, first of all come to mind, of course, ointments, television advertising has done its job. Treatment with gels and ointments is used from an early stage of the disease. This treatment has several positive advantages.
First, with cervical osteochondrosis it is much cheaper to be treated with ointment, rather than electrostimulation and magnetotherapy.
Secondly, in comparison with physiotherapy, ointments are much more accessible. They can be used at any time when the patient has felt pain.
Third, almost complete absence of contraindications. However, it is important to ensure that the skin does not have lesions and open wounds.
Fourthly, the course can be unlimited in the absence of allergy to the components of the ointment. However, ointment from the osteochondrosis of the cervical region can cause lacrimation due to a sufficiently strong odor.
What are ointments for osteochondrosis of the neck?There are six groups of ointments used for osteochondrosis.
1) Ointments with an anti-inflammatory effect, which include steroid substances. Often in addition to steroids, they contain various painkillers. The most popular remedy in this group is Fastum gel, where the active ingredient is ketoprofen, and the auxiliary substances are lavender oil and menthol. Fastum gel is produced abroad, there are also domestic analogues, for example, Bystrum gel.
Other ointments of this group are Ketonal and Finalgel based on ketoprofen. This group also includes preparations based on other analgesics( diclofenac, nimesulide and ibuprofen): Nurofen, Nyz gel and Voltaren.
2) Ointments that have complex action with anti-inflammatory, analgesic and regenerating properties. For example, Dolobene gel. The main active substances of this group of ointments are heparin, dimethyl sulfoxide and dexpanthenol.
3) Ointments, which are a cure for cervical osteochondrosis, which has an analgesic and irritating effect. With their help, the blood supply increases in the affected area and, accordingly, the nutrition of the tissue. Nikobosil is the main active substance of this group. An example of such ointments can be Nicoflux, Capsicum and Finalgon.
4) Ointment-chondroprotectors, slowing down the negative processes in osteochondrosis of the neck and restoring cartilaginous tissue. The main active substance is chondroitin sulfate, and the main representative of the group of drugs is ointment Chnodroksid.
5) Homeopathic ointments. In this group ointment with cervical osteochondrosis acts as well as in the first. Difference in the composition. For the production of homeopathic ointments, natural plant extracts are used. Before using them, you should consult a doctor, as these drugs can cause allergies. An example of this group is Traumeel C and the Purpose T.
6) Massage Ointments. They include mummies, bee venom and plant components. This combination of substances anesthetizes, and also has a regenerating and anti-inflammatory effect. For example, Sofia's cream with bee venom and Badyaga Forte.
Cervical osteochondrosis treatment of the ointment should be prescribed by the doctor in conjunction with other medicines and methods of treatment. You do not need to self-medicate so as not to start the disease and prevent the development of complications.
Effective treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
Therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a rather serious problem, as not all methods of treatment are effective. In the pursuit of health is very important not to harm the body: near the neck are the brain centers that regulate the vital functions of the body. Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis should be prescribed by a doctor who is familiar with the survey data. You can refer to a neurologist, vertebrologist or an osteopath - it all depends on the patient's symptoms and the capacity of the institution.
Various medications and physiotherapeutic effects can be used to eliminate manifestations of the disease. It is also desirable to follow a special diet and exercise therapy. In some cases it is very effective to wear a special collar that fixes the spine.
Let's talk about the actual methods of therapy in more detail.
In the photo - nerve compression. Click on the picture to enlarge
The main groups of medicines
The approach to treatment of osteochondrosis should be complex and include the intake of various groups of drugs. This allows the doctor to slow the pathological processes at different stages, and sometimes even a partial restoration of damaged tissues. Despite the fact that it is impossible to completely cure this disease, with properly selected treatment combined with adequate physical activity, a long-term remission is possible, sometimes reaching decades.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs - Analgin, Diclofenac) are the best analgesics for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. The doctor can use various of their dosage forms: ointments, gels, tablets and injections. In this case, special attention should be paid to concomitant diseases, as long-term treatment with this group of medicines may develop unwanted side effects related to the gastric mucosa. Often, NSAIDs are prescribed together with antispasmodics( for example, No-shpoy), which reduce the tension in the muscles. The course of therapy should not exceed 7-10 days.
With the help of hormones, usually treated with radicular syndrome, which occurs in the case of compression and edema of nerve fibers. Most often, Dexamethasone is prescribed in tablets or in injections, which are injected directly into the problem site.
Anesthetics( Novocaine, Lidocaine) are commonly used to carry out neuromuscular perineal blockages. Blockade is a temporary elimination of the pain syndrome due to the direct action of the anesthetic on the nerve fiber.
Depending on the mode of administration of the drug, the following blockades are distinguished:
To reduce the edema of nervous tissue use a mixture of Novocaine and Hydrocortisone - the analgesic effect comes fairly quickly and persists for a long time. Such medical treatment of cervical osteochondrosis consists of 5-7 procedures that are performed every other day.
In addition to injecting anesthetics into the affected areas of the body, small doses can be injected into special active points. This technique is called pharmacopuncture( a kind of acupuncture).
Irritant, warming and distracting drugs are used topically to treat pain, and to improve blood supply to the affected area. The use of these drugs at the stage of exacerbation of the disease is not recommended.
Drugs for improving blood microcirculation
To improve blood microcirculation in the affected area with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, such drugs as Trental, Kurantil, Nicotinic acid, Actovegin are used. These medicines can be used in the form of tablets or injections. In addition to improving the fluid properties of blood, they affect the peripheral blood flow and stimulate venous outflow - this improves nutrition of the nerve and bone tissues in the lesion, reduces swelling and inflammation.
Complex vitamin preparations are usually prescribed for treatment during recovery( remission).The doctor selects the optimal combination of vitamins, which improve the nerve conduction - thus reducing the severity of visual and vestibular disorders( the latter include, for example, dizziness and motion sickness syndrome).Be sure to use vitamins B6 and B12.And also A and C, which have an antioxidant effect and strengthen the vascular wall.
Chondroprotectors are an effective tool for slowing the pathological process in the cervical spine. They prevent the destruction of cartilage, thereby reducing the associated painful sensations.
Wearing the neck collar of Shantz in case of osteochondrosis also helps to treat unpleasant symptoms of this disease. Collars are of different types, therefore, in order to choose the optimal one for your case - a doctor's consultation is necessary.
The Shanz collar looks like a dense frame roller that fastens around the neck and thus fixes the vertebrae in a certain position. The patient can not practically bend or unbend the neck, and also turn his head to the side: that is, complete rest is provided to the damaged area, which is especially important for exacerbation of the disease.
Shank Collar( Thick Frame Roller)
A similar mechanism is present at the collar provided with an inflatable interlayer, which is located between two dense rollers. After fixing the device on the neck, the patient pushes the air with the help of a pear - the spine is stretched somewhat. The degree of inflation should be determined by the doctor, since excessive tension can damage the vessels or nerves passing in this area. The use of such a collar helps to treat osteochondrosis due to an additional increase in interarticular cracks.
There is also a fully inflatable collar that provides a more snug fit to the patient's body. At the same time, a certain volume of movements is retained, that is, the fixation is not rigid. Its use is more suitable for the recovery period.
Fully inflatable collar
It is very important to remember that wearing a collar can be no more than 2-3 hours a day. The exact time is determined individually and depends on what symptoms need to be treated. The duration of the course is usually at least a month.
Correct position of the body
Many of the symptoms associated with osteochondrosis are associated with the compression of nerves and vessels in the neck. To improve well-being, experts recommend keeping the body in the correct position both during the day and at night.
During the day, you should try to keep your head and back straight. With sedentary work, you should pay attention to the height of the chair and table. They must correspond to each other, then the person will be able to sit evenly, not bending over and not straining the muscles of the neck.
At night you will find useful orthopedic mattresses and pillows, which are often made of latex. It is very important that the pillow corresponds to the anatomical structure of the person, and its height is equal to the distance from the neck to the shoulder joint. This will ensure the relaxation of all muscles during sleep, and the manifestations of the disease will decrease.
Most doctors are confident that is the best medicine - it is not only an integrated approach to treatment, but also a constant prevention.
Surgical intervention should be used only if the standard treatment of the osteochondrosis of the cervical region was ineffective. Indication for the operation is determined by a neurosurgeon, who makes a conclusion only after a thorough examination of the patient and examination of the survey data. Most often, the removal of the intervertebral disc during its destruction and the ingress of its parts into the cavity of the spinal canal.
Treatment at home
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Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be treated at home. To do this, use the following methods:
Physiotherapy and gymnastics. The main guarantee for the success of these methods is the regularity of their implementation. All exercises need to be done smoothly, gradually increasing the load. The appearance of pain or a crunch is unacceptable. With diseases of the cervical spine, yoga or swimming exercises are also effective, during which the muscles of the shoulder belt relax and the pain decreases.
Folk methods of treatment are most often based on the use of herbs. Infusions on special plant collections can be consumed inside or applied as compresses. In some cases, the treatment is helped with clay, which is heated to a certain temperature and applied to the neck.
At home you can use some apparatus for physiotherapy. For example, there are small devices for self-conducting magnetotherapy and ultraviolet irradiation.
Self-massage also helps to cope with the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis. It can be performed daily, excluding periods of exacerbation. There are also various devices, for example a collar for massage.
Reflex action on active points using applicators Kuznetsova and Lyapko normalizes metabolic processes in the body, improves blood flow in the affected area and reduces pain syndrome.
You should always follow a diet. In the diet should be foods rich in mucopolysaccharides, which are responsible for the synthesis of cartilaginous tissue, and proteins. Mucopolysaccharides are contained, including in the cold, jellied fish, some bitter herbs( wormwood, cleanliness, yarrow).
Remember that before you are treated at home - you need to consult a doctor.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a fairly widespread and quite serious disease. It is not necessary to treat it independently, seek medical help from a specialist who will choose the optimal complex therapy and help you defeat the disease.
Cervical osteochondrosis - pills, injections and ointments
Spine disease is a serious problem requiring a competent approach. The success of various ailments, whether it be a serious trauma, congenital malformation or osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, depends on the timing of the request for specialist's help, the correct diagnosis and the right treatment. Defeating the young population of the planet, people leading a sedentary lifestyle, osteochondrosis of the cervical region, symptoms, treatment of ailment are now an actual problem, due to the frequency of diagnoses. According to statistics, more than 70 percent of the world's population suffers from this disease.
A comprehensive approach in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
Treatment of dystrophic disorders in the articular cartilage of the cervical spine requires an integrated approach. Depending on the stage, the patient is prescribed physiotherapy( various procedures designed to relieve inflammation), therapeutic gymnastics, which strengthen the muscular corset of the neck and return the congenital shape to the spine. Treat the disease with medications( antispasmodics, analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs), injections and ointments containing all the same anti-inflammatory substances.
Auxiliary recovery from osteochondrosis in the neck zone of the spine is possible and folk remedies, however, it should be remembered that self-medication can at best not yield any results, at worst even bring more harm.
Unconventional methods of treatment are also common, for example, the process of healing leeches osteochondrosis of the neck, acupuncture, manual therapy. Leeches cause a lot of disgust, but often have a miraculous effect. A special enzyme that is contained in the saliva of the leech, getting into the blood, dilutes it, improves blood circulation. Nontraditional methods are better for using together with traditional, conservative ones.
Conservative therapy or surgical interventionIt should be noted that this disease is completely curable only in the early stages. Yet even the most modern and effective means can not guarantee 100% success in fighting the disease. Much depends on the patient, his motivation and willingness to heal. Therefore, even intensive treatment can not always relieve such an annoying manifestation as an exacerbation of the osteochondrosis of the cervical region, the recovery of which differs little from the therapy of the disease itself.
What pills to drink from osteochondrosis of cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine
Drug therapy is one of the parts of the complex treatment of osteochondrosis. During an exacerbation of a tablet are capable to reduce a pain and inflammatory reaction, than essentially facilitate a status of the person.
During the period of osteochondrosis, the reception of medicines improves the nutrition of intervertebral joints, inhibits the destruction of cartilaginous discs, eliminates the constant pain in the back.loading. ..
What tablets should I drink with osteochondrosis
The osteochondrosis of the spine proceeds with the following pathological manifestations:
- back pain;
- impaired sensitivity( crawling, numbness of the skin);
- pain in the limbs;
Pain syndrome is most pronounced during exacerbation of the disease, during the calm period, the pain is either absent or weak in its nasal character.
She can give in the foot, arm, imitate heart and stomach diseases. Soreness spreads along the course of the affected nerve fiber. To eliminate pain, the doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and muscle relaxants.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region often leads to compression of the vertebral arteries, which nourish the blood of the brain. As a result, headache and dizziness occur because of insufficient supply of oxygen to the nerve cells. To treat cerebral ischemia, prescribe vasodilator drugs and antispasmodics.
In the case of paresthesias( dermatological disorders) in the form of goosebumps, numbness, tingling, the doctor prescribes B group vitamins.
One of the mechanisms of the onset of pain in osteochondrosis is an inflammatory reaction in the place of the damaged disc and injured nerve root. Around the tissues, edema develops, which leads to compression of the pain receptors in them.loading. .. Anti-inflammatory drugs interrupt the development of pathological inflammation, thereby eliminating pain.
For osteochondrosis use:
- Diclofenac - prevents the development of an inflammatory reaction. The medicine is consumed either during meals, or immediately after it. It should be swallowed whole and washed down with a small amount of water. Diclofenac provokes the formation of ulcers in the stomach and duodenum, therefore together with it appoint omeprazole.
- Dolobid - has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect, the anesthetic effect develops within an hour after ingestion.
- Lornoxicam - has an additional analgesic effect due to impaired formation of pain impulses and a weakening of their perception in the brain. Copes well with chronic pain syndrome.
- Meloksikam - does not provoke the formation of ulcerative defects on the mucous membrane of the digestive tract, therefore it is not contraindicated in gastric ulcers.
- Ibuprofen - has an average anti-inflammatory effect, but it is suitable for long-term treatment, as it rarely causes side effects.
- Naproxen - anti-inflammatory effect develops within a month, has a long and persistent character. It rarely causes side reactions and further inhibits the process of degeneration( destruction) of the cartilaginous tissue.
An additional mechanism of pain formation in osteochondrosis is a muscle spasm in the area of the damaged disc.
Jamming of the nerve root leads to the arrival of a pathological nerve impulse on the muscle tissue and to its reduction.
Normal relaxation of muscle fibers does not occur, they accumulate excess lactic acid and painful impulse occurs.
To remove muscular spasm, the doctor prescribes muscle relaxants:
- Sirdalud - suppresses the nerve impulses that go to the muscles from the spinal cord. This leads to a relaxation of muscle fibers and a reduction in painful sensations. May cause drowsiness, in connection with which you will have to abandon the driving machine during treatment.
- Melliktin - blocks receptors responsible for muscle contraction. The pathological nervous impulse can not affect the muscles and they relax. Duration of treatment is from 3 to 8 weeks, after which they take a break for several months.
Analgesic for exacerbation of
During an exacerbation the pain can take an unbearable character, disturbing a dream and daily activity of the person. During this period, prescribe drugs that can effectively stop pain:
- Ketorol - prevents the formation of substances that start inflammation, has a pronounced analgesic effect. The duration of treatment is no more than a week.
- Paracetamol( Efferalgan, Panadol) - slows the formation of biologically active substances in the inflammation focus, thereby reducing pain.
- Analgin - has a similar mechanism of action with previous drugs. The effect of taking the pill develops within 30-40 minutes, the maximum reaches after 2 hours. Independently you can take analgin for no more than a week, then you need to control hemopoiesis.
- Promedol is an opioid analgesic, it is prescribed for unbearable back pain. Affects receptors in the brain, reducing the perception of pain. Prolonged administration of promedol causes drug addiction.
Vertigo occurs when the blood supply to the brain is insufficient. To him is the compression of the herniated disc of the vertebral arteries, which are located near the cervical spine.
To improve blood circulation, the following drugs will help:
- Euphyllin - causes relaxation of small blood vessels, which increases the flow of blood into the brain.
- Pentoxifylline - dilates blood vessels, improves blood microcirculation in the brain.
- Nicotinic acid - vitamin B3 .Has vasodilating effect, improves blood flow in small vessels.
Pain in the head is also caused by deterioration of the blood supply to the brain. The combination of analgesics with antispasmodics, for example, analgin with papaverine or no-spy will most quickly cope with it.Spasmolytics cause relaxation of the vascular wall, which leads to an improvement in blood circulation in the brain. Analgin reduces sensitivity to pain, which allows you to cope with it while the effect of antispasmodics develops.
Homeopathic - traumeel
Traumeel is a resorption tablet that contains a large amount of plant extracts. They have anti-inflammatory, healing and analgesic effects. At the very beginning of Treumelem's treatment, a temporary deterioration in the condition is possible, which requires the withdrawal of the drug and consultation with the doctor.
The course of treatment for osteochondrosis lasts at least a month. If after 2 months the condition has not improved, it is worth consulting with a doctor.
Midokalm affects the transmission of nerve impulses to muscle fibers. It causes a persistent relaxation of the muscle tissue and eliminates pain. Tablets are taken after meals, swallowing whole and with water. Begin with 50 mg 2-3 times a day, gradually the daily dose is increased to 300-450 mg.
To improve the state of health and reduce the manifestations of osteochondrosis, the following vitamins will allow:
- vitamin A - is an antioxidant, reduces the rate of destruction of the intervertebral disc;
- vitamin C - improves vascular status and microcirculation;
- vitamins of group B - stimulate the regeneration of nerve roots;
- vitamin D - affects the mineral metabolism, prevents the development of osteoporosis of the vertebrae;
- Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant.
Drugs for cervical osteochondrosis
In patients with cervical osteochondrosis, patients are concerned about pain in the neck and head, dizziness, decreased memory and attention, a feeling of numbness and tingling in the hand. The most effective with these symptoms will cope:
Effective tablets from osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
The cervical region is the most mobile part of the spine. Because of this, the intervertebral discs experience a significant functional load, quickly becoming unusable.loading. ..
Cervical osteochondrosis occurs even in young people and especially develops in cases where a person has to work a lot in the sitting position( writing, sewing, typing texts on the keyboard).
When exacerbating osteochondrosis, taking tablets will avoid hospitalization in the hospital and separation from production. Tablets are convenient to take on a regular basis - some of them are able to stop the development of the disease. For what purpose they are prescribed and what effect they have on the body, read on.
List of tablets from cervical osteochondrosis
To eliminate symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis, the following groups of drugs are used:
- Pain syndrome - analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs( ketorol, oxadol), muscle relaxants( milgamma, baclofen);
- Pain in the head - vasodilator( no-spa, papaverine) and nootropics( phenibut);
- Dizziness - drugs that improve microcirculation in the brain tissues( trental, cinnarizine);
- Paresthesia( change in sensitivity) - B group vitamins( milgamma, neuromultivitis).
The pain arising from cervical osteochondrosis is caused by several factors:
- Inflammation in the area of the damaged disc - the destroyed tissue of the disc releases substances that trigger an inflammatory reaction. Increased blood flow to the affected area, there is swelling and pain in the pain receptors.
- With the compression of the spinal nerve root , edema of the tissues that arises due to inflammation compresses the neural stem, which causes the person to feel pain.
- Muscle spasm - a damaged nerve root sends a pathological signal to the neck muscles, because of which they contract. Long-term stress leads to the accumulation of lactic acid in them, what the muscular receptors react to - they send pain impulses to the brain.
To effectively eliminate pain, all the causes of its occurrence should be affected. For this, the following drugs are used:
- Celecoxib - disrupts the production of inflammatory substances, due to which it has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. Eliminates swelling and pain.
- Baclofen - relaxes the spasmed muscles. The drug acts on the inhibitory receptors in the brain and in the nervous synapses - the places of information transfer from one nerve cell to another. Thus, the transmission of a pain impulse from the muscles and pathological impulsation from the jammed nerve root is inhibited. Muscles relax, pain disappears.
- Oxadol - affects the perception of pain in the brain. Activates endorphin receptors in the brain, thereby reducing pain sensitivity.
Drugs from dizziness and numbness of hands
Dizziness in osteochondrosis occurs as a result of insufficient blood supply to the brain.
In the immediate vicinity of the cervical vertebrae there is a paired vertebral artery that carries blood to the brain.Downloads. ..
Inflammatory swelling in the spine or herniated discs squeezes the artery, narrowing its lumen.
Inflow of blood to the brain worsens, a person feels dizzy, flies flies before his eyes, there is a noise in the ears.Numbness in the hands appears when the nerve root is compressed, which is responsible for sensitivity and movement in the upper limbs. The nervous impulse from it gets distorted in the brain, so the person feels crawling, tingling and numbness.
The change in the nervous regulation gradually leads to a worsening of blood circulation in the upper limbs. This increases discomfort, in addition to them there are muscle weakness and chilliness of the hands.
To cope with the pathological changes, you should take:
- Meadocalm - contains vitamins of group B( 1 and 6).They are necessary to restore the nerve fiber and transfer impulses along it. Stimulate the production of protective fatty film, which covers the nerve from the outside. Thanks to this, the nervous sensitivity is restored, the numbness of the hands decreases.
- Neuromultivitis is a multivitamin preparation, it also contains B vitamins.
- Trental( pentoxifylline) - has a vasodilating effect and improves fluidity of the blood. Trental increases the flow of blood to the brain and improves microcirculation in its tissues. It dilates the vessels in the upper limbs, removes a feeling of chilliness, numbness in the hands.
- Cinnarizine - improves microcirculation of blood in the brain tissues. The drug dilates the blood vessels, reduces the viscosity of the blood. Eliminates noise in the ears, dizziness, flashing of flies.
Headache with cervical osteochondrosis has several causes:
- impairment of blood supply to the brain;
- spinal nerve irritation( develops "cervical migraine");
- violation of outflow of cerebrospinal fluid from the cranial cavity;
- reflection of pain from the cervical spine;
- compression of sensitive nerve endings that innervate the occipital and temporal parts of the head.
Effectively removes pain in the head combination of anesthetic drug with vasodilator. You can take analgin together with papaverine or no-shpa.Vinpocetine is a drug for improving cerebral circulation. It expands the blood vessels, improves the absorption of glucose and oxygen by nerve cells. Vinpocetine lowers the viscosity of the blood, which improves microcirculation. Protects the nerve tissue from the harmful effects of hypoxia( lack of oxygen).
If the pain is excruciatingly violent, vomiting is attached to it, then most likely it is caused by a violation of the outflow of CSF from the cranial cavity. To facilitate the condition, the doctor can prescribe a diuretic drug - diacarb.
Diacarb reduces the production of CSF and, at the same time, increases the excretion of fluid from the body. Quickly relieves headache, but it can take no more than 5 days.
Effective medications for cervical and thoracic osteochondrosis
Chest-chest osteochondrosis characterizes pain along the ribs, in the abdomen, in the heart area. They are combined with headache, dizziness, pain in the neck and back. Severe pain syndrome requires the appointment of potent analgesics:
- is nurofen.
With severe disruption of the intervertebral disc and inflammatory reaction, the doctor may prescribe glucocorticoids, for example, prednisolone tablets. The drug has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect due to a violation of the synthesis of certain biologically active substances.
The listed preparations should be combined with tablets for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis.
Which medications are best for the treatment of the neck
The best combination of cervical osteochondrosis is a rational combination of drugs. That is, each of them must act on any part of the pathological process, thereby enhancing the effect of each other.
An example of a rational treatment regimen:
- celecoxib - will eliminate inflammation and anaesthetize;
- baclofen - will relieve muscle spasm, which will strengthen the analgesic effect;
- trental - will improve blood circulation in the brain;
- milgamma - will accelerate the restoration of the unequal root;
- arthra - restores the tissue of the intervertebral disc.
Additional information on the admission
Osteochondrosis is a chronic disease, therefore it occurs with periods of exacerbation and remission.
During an exacerbation, a person experiences severe pain, for the elimination of which the doctor prescribes analgesics, muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs.
Most of these should not be taken for a long time, as they cause the development of side effects.
During remission( absence or minimal manifestation of the disease), it is recommended to take tablets that improve blood flow to the brain, B vitamins, nootropics( preparations for improving brain activity), chondroprotectors.The defeat of the cervical spine often has a pronounced negative effect on the psyche and the mood of a person. There are several reasons for this: a violation of brain nutrition, a change in the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid, a constant headache. To normalize the mood and performance, you have to resort to sedatives.
Mild plant preparations may be prescribed: valerian in tablets, novopassit, afobazol. In severe cases, resort to an anticonvulsant drug - carbamazepine. It reduces the excitability of the cerebral cortex and affects the exchange of neurotransmitters( substances that are responsible for the transfer of information between cells).Due to this carbamazepine eliminates irritability, anxiety, depressive mood.
Hypoxia of the brain can lead to thinking and memory disorders. A person notices that it is more difficult for him to concentrate on work, fatigue occurs more quickly, conventional mental operations are not given. Coping with these phenomena can be drugs from the group of nootropics.
Nootropics protect the neurons of the cortex from the harmful effects of hypoxia and normalize their metabolism. They improve mental functions, memory, reduce anxiety and depression. Representatives of this group are glycine, phenibut, avifene.Loading. ..
In any case, the selection of the treatment regimen should be performed by a specialist - only he is able to take into account all the links of the pathological process and appoint the most suitable drugs.Like the article? Share with friends in social networks: Facebook
How to cure cervical osteochondrosis at home
Now a complex treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical region is possible at home. To achieve better health and alleviate pain symptoms is entirely realistic if one adheres to the right diet and leads a flexible lifestyle. Daily diet for cervical osteochondrosis should contain products that contribute to the regeneration of cartilaginous tissue, they include:
- beans, cereals, vegetables, fruits;
- containing proteins: nuts, eggs, low-fat varieties of poultry, fish;
- unsaturated fatty acids: flax seed, oily sea fish;
- products rich in calcium: milk, cottage cheese, leafy vegetables.
Excellent vibroacoustic instrument "Vitafon" helps, which in the treatment of osteochondrosis at home is very well proven. The device acts on the focus of pain with ultrasonic waves, as a result of which the process of cartilage regeneration is accelerated, inflammation of tissues passes and damaged cells are restored."Vitafon" does not cause any harm, because treatment is carried out by acoustic waves, which are natural for the human body.
Massage and self-massage
A successful home treatment is performed with the help of massage or self-massage. This procedure relieves tension, relaxing the clamped muscles of the neck. After massage, the circulation in the intervertebral discs improves, which gives a quick relief to the patient. The procedure of self-massage is performed sitting and is performed by rubbing, stroking and kneading movements in the nape. But in order to get a better effect, it's better to invite a qualified masseur.
Medical gymnastics has no less effect than medical treatment of osteochondrosis, and is the basis of recovery. Exercises do not take much time, especially since it is easy to carry them out at home. Gymnastics is aimed at easing the pain syndrome with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, stretching the ligaments and relaxing the muscles of the neck. But you need to do the exercises only after consulting a doctor and very carefully, so as not to harm the body.
Acupuncture is a very effective way of treating osteochondrosis, but not everyone will decide on acupuncture. For home use there is a similar device - needle applicator Kuznetsov, in which paired or single needles are located on a belt with fasteners or on a cushion. Even if only half an hour a day to lie on the applicator, it will provide the patient not only relief, but also recovery.
Recipes of traditional medicine
When asked about how to cure osteochondrosis of the cervical part at home, as a rule, means people's means. Herbal treatment is economical, effective, and most importantly - safe. You do not need to buy expensive medications to relieve pain, which can also have negative consequences in the form of side effects. The natural remedies of folk medicine that help with cervical osteochondrosis include:
- Horseradish leaves. It is necessary to attach the sheet from behind to the neck and fix it for the night. By the morning the pain will pass away.
- Potatoes. It should be rubbed with honey in the same proportion, so that the mixture resembled a consistency ointment. Use the product as a compress at least once a week.
- Compresses made from vodka( 1 liter) with freshly squeezed aloe juice( 1 tbsp.), Mustard powder( 1 tbsp.) And propolis( 50 g) are effective. The mixture is impregnated with tissue and applied to the neck, fixing with a woolen cloth, the procedure is carried out 1-2 times a week for the night.
Methods of preventing disease
It is easier to prevent osteochondrosis than to treat it for a long time. Preventive maintenance includes observance of a posture, fitness exercises, employment on simulators, sports walking, yoga, swimming. It is necessary to sit properly at the table and computer, you can not throw your head back for a long time or tilt when lifting weights. When writing or reading, it is not recommended to bend low over the surface of the table, and during sleep it is advisable to use an orthopedic pillow.
Video: exercise complex for cervical osteochondrosis
Neck pain is caused by the displacement of the vertebrae or the jamming of the nerve endings. This is familiar to people who have long been sitting in an uncomfortable position. When the pains sharpen, they become squeezing and burning, localizing on the occiput, in the shoulders and lateral sections of the neck. It is often felt tingling or numbness in the hands, when there is a spasm of blood vessels. Regular exercises will improve blood circulation in the neck, make the vertebrae elastic.
Before starting a set of exercises, you should conduct a test for cervical osteochondrosis. To do this, tilt your head forward and pull your chest out with your chin. Then rotate your head left and right. If there is pain when cornering, then you need classes first. See in the video the complex of exercises for cervical osteochondrosis from the doctor of sports medicine Alexandra Bonina:
Svetlana, 28 years old: "I suffer from osteochondrosis of the cervical department for many years. I tried a lot of money, but they only helped temporarily. I decided to purchase Kuznetsov's applicator. After the first application, the state of health improved for the whole day. Now I use constantly and about pains in a neck have forgotten ".
Maria, 36 years old: "I work near a computer, so the neck area hurts constantly. I'm saving with acupuncture - this is not a terrible and painless procedure. The neck after each session moves more freely, the head ceases to make noise, and pains leave. The doctor said that a couple more sessions, and I will be completely healthy! ".
Alexei, 38 years old: "He went through many procedures, but cervical osteochondrosis kept coming back. Now I understand one thing: you need to do gymnastics, move a lot and lead an active lifestyle not from time to time, but constantly, then there will be no osteochondrosis, and you will not have to spend money on his treatment. "