Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
The problem of cervical osteochondrosis is steadily expanding. Recently, this disease begins to disturb people already at a young age( 25 - 40 years).Determine the signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical region is not difficult. They show themselves pain in the neck, headache, a crunch in the cervical spine. To cope with this disease, you need to be able to correctly determine its symptoms and conduct quality treatment. It is important to know that diagnosis and treatment should be carried out by specialists - neurologists, due to the complexity of the disease and possible exacerbations and relapses.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosisTo determine the presence of the disease, it is necessary to pay attention to the signs and symptoms of osteochondrosis. By their presence, one can judge the state and stage of the disease. Here are the main indicators by which you can safely say about the onset of the disease:
- Unpleasant aching pain in the neck. Headaches, fatigue, weakness.
- Drawing pain on the left side of the chest, giving in the left hand.
- Acute pain in the hand, accompanied by a sensation of electric current, numbness.
- Decreased acuity of visual and auditory perception, nausea, dizziness, flies in the eyes.
If these symptoms occur, you should immediately contact the clinic - the neurologist for advice. Do not engage in self-medication, otherwise it may exacerbate the disease, which can lead to serious health consequences. Remember that the sooner they discover the initial signs of osteochondrosis, the more successfully and effectively will be its treatment.
Causes of cervical disease
Consider a number of reasons that contribute to the onset of the disease. All of them, in the overwhelming majority, are connected with the wrong way of life. The main reasons are:
- Sedentary lifestyle and work.
- Weak physical development.
- Disturbance of posture.
- Injury of the spine.
- Exhausting physical labor.
- Incorrect body position during sleep.
- Emotional overvoltage.
- Infectious diseases.
To prevent disease, it is sometimes enough to change your lifestyle. Morning exercises, sports, outdoor activities, nature walks will help to avoid getting acquainted with this unpleasant disease, or, at least, will not let the illness take you by surprise.
No matter how masked osteochondrosis, signs of the disease sooner or later will make themselves felt. Know that a disease is always easier to prevent than treat, so the state of your own health is directly dependent on you.
Diagnosis of the osteochondrosis of the neck
Modern medicine has a lot of ways to diagnose osteochondrosis. If you suspect a disease, you need to make an appointment with a neurologist or an orthopedic doctor. Depending on the form and stage of the disease, radiographic signs of dystrophic disorders in articular cartilages can be determined. At the same time, narrowing of the intervertebral foramen, various bony growths, changes in the height of intervertebral discs can be revealed.
For a more accurate determination of the signs of the disease, a method of computed tomography has recently been used. If CT signs of osteochondrosis are detected, only the doctor can prescribe the most effective form of treatment.
MRI examination may also be indicated by indications. Magnetic resonance tomography will help to identify mr signs of the disease at the initial stages of the disease.
Methods of treatment of osteochondrosis of the neck
Treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine must necessarily be carried out in a complex manner. The essence of the treatment is that by applying various methods it is much easier to defeat the disease and prevent its subsequent manifestations. Of the known and most effective methods, it is safe to call the following:
Symptoms and signs of osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystrophic change( destruction) of bone tissue of the spine, articular cartilage, ligamentous apparatus and intervertebral discs. With the course of the disease, the pathological mobility of the vertebral column is formed, at which soft tissues, nerve fibers and vessels located near the lesion are infringed - so the pain arises. At the final stage of the pathology there is an active growth of bone processes that should stabilize the intervertebral joints, but they quite often lead to additional damage to nerve roots and vessels. Symptoms of osteochondrosis directly depend on the stage and area of the pathology. Let's talk about them in more detail.
The main groups of symptoms
Clinical manifestations of the disease arise due to damage to blood vessels and nervous tissue located near the affected area. They can also be associated with a change in the anatomy of the vertebral column itself. Syndromes of osteochondrosis( that is, complexes of symptoms) are divided into four groups.
1. Static syndrome
Static features are associated with changes in the shape of the vertebrae. As a result, posture can be disturbed: when pathological mobility arises in the joints, scoliosis, kyphosis or lordosis is formed. It is also possible to limit mobility in the joints of the spine, when a person can not turn his head or fully straighten.
Types of violation of posture. Click to enlarge
2. Neurological syndrome
Neurological symptoms are caused by damage to the nervous tissue. In this case, the sensitivity of the skin of certain areas of the body and movement in the limbs( decrease in the strength of muscle contractions) may be violated.
The main neurological manifestation of osteochondrosis is pain, which is caused by compression or irritation of the spinal roots. In the first stages of the disease, discomfort is usually local, that is, it is limited to the affected area of the spine. With the progression of the pathology, the pain extends to distant parts of the body innervated by * the affected spine. Often there is a violation of skin sensitivity, the appearance of crawling, tingling or numbness.
* Innervation - the connection of organs and tissues with the central nervous system through nerves.
Disturbance of motor function( motor changes) with this disease is observed much less frequently than sensitive ones. Depending on the degree of disturbance of the motor function, they are manifested by paresis( partial restriction of arbitrary movements) or paralysis( complete loss of voluntary movements).For example, with osteochondrosis of the lumbar region, sometimes a paresis of the right or left leg occurs.
3. Vascular syndrome
Vascular symptoms develop for two reasons:
1. As a result of direct compression of arteries and veins by altered vertebrae and their processes. Such compression is characteristic of cervical osteochondrosis, since it is in this region in the apertures of the vertebral appendages that large vessels flowing through the brain pass. As a result, there are symptoms associated with oxygen deficiency in some areas of the brain: for example, when the blood supply to the inner ear is disturbed, dizziness and nausea arise.
2. When the tone of the sympathetic nervous system changes. It rises when the nerve plexus is irritated, located in the area of the spinal column. The result is a prolonged spasm of peripheral vessels and chronic ischemia( oxygen starvation) of internal organs.
4. Trophic syndrome
Trophic syndrome is characterized by impaired tissue nutrition and the appearance of superficial skin defects( ulcers).It occurs when a combination of vascular and neurological factors.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis vary, depending on which particular part of the spine is affected.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
The first symptom of cervical osteochondrosis is quite often a headache that does not go away after taking analgesic analgesics. Usually it begins with the occipital region, and then spreads to the whiskey. Painful sensations can be amplified after a long stay in a forced position( sleep, sedentary work).
Quite often headache is associated with discomfort and impaired sensitivity in the area of the shoulder girdle and hands. And in far-reaching cases, there can be paresis and even paralysis of the hands.
Signs of blood supply disorders in various areas of the brain are often attached to painful symptoms:
- Dizziness, nausea, and tinnitus appear with a decrease in blood flow in the area of the cochlea and semicircular tubules.
- In case of power failure of the optical device, flashing of flies before the eyes or a decrease in visual acuity can be observed.
- Sudden loss of consciousness is more common in the elderly, because the brain usually already experiences oxygen starvation due to atherosclerotic narrowing of the arteries. Additional impairment of blood flow in osteochondrosis can lead to complete cessation of nutrition in some areas of the brain.
If irritation of the diaphragmatic nerve * can occur, hiccups or feelings of lack of air, which is often accompanied by shortness of breath and the fear of death.
* The diaphragmatic nerve is part of the cervical plexus and is involved in the regulation of the depth and frequency of respiration.
It depends on the stage of the disease which static manifestations will be observed. But usually these are subluxations in the joints of the spine in the cervical region and the restriction of mobility in the neck.
Signs of thoracic osteochondrosis
The thoracic region of the spine is less affected, but the symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the chest are quite diverse.
Pain occurs in the early stages of the disease and is localized within the chest( intercostal, in the area of scapula) and the upper abdomen. Often the first signs of breast osteochondrosis imitate the symptoms of other diseases( angina, cholecystitis, intestinal or renal colic).
There may be so-called visceral symptoms( ie, related to internal organs) that differ depending on the level of spinal cord injury:
- changes in the upper thoracic segment are accompanied by a violation of the swallowing act, a sensation of a coma in the throat and a cough;
- with changes in the mid-thoracic segment there is gastrealgia, simulating gastritis and ulcers, and cardialgia accompanied by arrhythmia and increased pressure;
- irritation of the lower thoracic roots leads to disruption of intestinal motility and the appearance of symptoms similar to appendicitis.
Symptoms of lumbar osteochondrosis
Lesion of the lumbar region may begin to manifest itself with any symptoms, but most often its first signs are pain in the lower back and legs, as well as numbness of the skin of the legs.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral section:
When the sensitive roots are damaged, pain is observed - the most typical manifestation of a lesion of the lower back. Perhaps a sensation of lumbago after exercise.
If motor fibers are affected, paresis and paralysis of the lower extremities are attached to the pain sensations.
Often there is a violation of pelvic functions( problems with erection and urination in men), as the sympathetic tone of the nervous system increases and the blood supply to the urogenital tract worsens.
Osteochondrosis can manifest itself with various symptoms, and it can not always be suspected at first sign. This is related to the fact that patients initially refer not to a specialized specialist( neurologist), but to a cardiologist, gastroenterologist or therapist. Therefore, it is not uncommon for a disease to be diagnosed only with the appearance of a characteristic pain syndrome.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms
Osteochondrosis is an ailment that can affect various parts of the spine. In this case, each type of osteochondrosis has its manifestations and consequences. Very difficult and dangerous is osteochondrosis, affecting the cervical spine. This disease refers to progressive diseases, that is, the symptoms can gradually increase, and the disorders associated with it, aggravated.
Clinic of the disease
The main pathology that occurs in cervical osteochondrosis is degenerative-dystrophic disorders in the functioning of intervertebral discs that are located in the neck region. The cervical spine is the most movable and allows you to make turns and head inclinations. It consists of seven discs, but it has rather weak muscles.
Despite this, this department is constantly under tension, as it is necessary to keep the head in the desired position. That is why the cervical spine is very prone to osteochondrosis.
Stages of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine
To date, there are four main stages of osteochondrosis, which differ in the degree of damage and, accordingly, symptoms. The first stage of cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by instability and initial disturbances in the functioning of vertebral discs.
Features of the disease
The second stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by protrusion of the discs. That is, the gap between the vertebrae decreases, the fiber ring is destroyed. Such a process can cause painful sensations, which are manifested due to pinching of nerves. The final destruction of the fibroid ring occurs in the third stage of osteochondrosis, which leads to the formation of an intervertebral hernia. Such violations lead to deformation of the entire spine and, accordingly, to its external changes.
The most severe is the fourth stage of osteochondrosis, due to the fact that at this stage the patient feels severe pain even with the slightest movements. This, in turn, affects a person's ability to move freely. Also at this stage, bone growth can occur, which can reduce pain syndrome by limiting mobility. But such changes in the structure of the spine are very dangerous and can even lead to disability.
The stages of osteochondrosis
The causes of the appearance of cervical osteochondrosis
Despite the fact that people are considered to be the main category of the population susceptible to osteochondrosis over 40, now this disease occurs more often among young people. Now statistics show that osteochondrosis can occur at the age of 18 years. The prevalence of this disease is caused, in the first place, by a large number of causes of occurrence.
The appearance of osteochondrosis can result in incorrect posture, excess weight, back injury, and curvature of the spine.
Incorrect posture is one of the causes of osteochondrosis
Moreover, this disease is very common in people with disrupted metabolism and weak physical preparation. Excessive physical activity, improper training, stressful situations, inactive way of life can also provoke the appearance of osteochondrosis. And, of course, you can not let out of sight infectious diseases, as well as elementary hypothermia, as this can subsequently cause the appearance of osteochondrosis.
This disease, like osteochondrosis, can be considered an extension of the muscle contraction, the result of this is a muscle spasm that affects the mobility of the cervical vertebrae. Such processes can lead to a violation of blood circulation, curvature of the posture, and this, in turn, causes changes in the structure of the spine and the clamping of nerve endings.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
Since the cervical spine contains many blood vessels that provide nutrition to the human brain, it is understandable that with cervical osteochondrosis, symptoms can arise due to impaired blood circulation of the brain. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms in principle are quite pronounced, so it is difficult to pay attention to them.
The main signs of cervical osteochondrosis can be considered rapid headaches, dizziness, which can sometimes be accompanied by fainting, changes in gait due to impaired coordination and so on.
Pain sensations - one of the symptoms of osteochondrosis
Very often, a patient with such a diagnosis has a hearing and vision impairment, the state of the teeth deteriorates, the voice can change and snoring may appear. Given the fact that during the osteochondrosis the nerve is squeezed, it is possible that the patient will not be able to feel the fingers, and he can feel weakness in his hands.
In addition to all of the above, it is worth noting that because of pinching of the nerve, there may be pain in the throat or neck, moreover, in patients with cervical osteochondrosis there may be toothache. Painful sensations in osteochondrosis can extend to the area of the arms and shoulders, moreover, in the process of exacerbation of the disease, the pain will constantly increase. Severe pain can cause dizziness and even nausea.
All of the above symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis can be called common, as they can indicate different diseases. But, in addition to this, there are symptoms that character is for cervical osteochondrosis. All the symptoms of this disease can be divided according to the area of the lesion. For example, radicular syndromes, which are also called cervical radiculitis, arise from the pinching of the nerve in the neck. That is why these symptoms are directly related to the squeezing of the nerve.
Pain sensations in this syndrome can spread from the neck and reach right up to the fingers. In addition to pain, radicular syndromes imply tingling in the fingers, forearm, or hands. Irrative-reflex syndromes are manifested by acute pain in the neck and occipital region. Especially severe pain after sleeping or sneezing, sharp turns of the head are also accompanied by pain. Pain often with such syndromes is so strong that it can even be given to the shoulder region and thorax.
Symptoms of the vertebral artery syndrome are migraine, that is, a strong throbbing pain that can spread to the temple, the superciliary area, the darkness and the occiput. The pain is permanent, and sometimes even attacks may occur. Particularly acute pain is manifested with an uncomfortable position of the head or irregular movements. After a certain period, the pain may reach such a scale that hearing and vision deterioration may occur.
In addition to the above, the cardinal syndrome of osteochondrosis is also distinguished. It is characterized by symptoms similar to angina, this often leads to improper treatment. Cardinal syndrome is accompanied by paroxysmal pain, which can have several hours duration. In addition, the patient may experience irregularities in the work of other internal organs, especially tachycardia.
Prophylaxis of cervical osteochondrosis
Prophylactic methods will help a person avoid the development of a disease such as osteochondrosis. Prevention of this disease can consist in the regular performance of special physical exercises. In addition, a person should avoid hypothermia, stressful situations and overstrain.
LFK - an effective variant of the prevention of the disease
It is necessary to control the pressure on the spine, do not give sharp loads and, if necessary, get rid of excess weight. And, of course, a prerequisite is proper nutrition and the absence of bad habits. Observance of all preventive methods will help to get rid of the likelihood of osteochondrosis and exclude the need to perform expensive and long-term treatment of this disease.
Video - Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine symptoms
The main symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
Neck pain can cause ODS and meningitis, muscle spasm and bone depletion.
However, the most common disease that provokes pain in the neck is osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Cervical osteochondrosis is a disease in which neck pain occurs due to degenerative-dystrophic disorders of the intervertebral discs. Without proper treatment, the disease progresses: it develops in stages and leads to serious complications.
In the risk group are all without exception, but according to statistics more often people suffering from sedentary work suffer.
Symptoms and signs of the disease
Symptoms of the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are very diverse. They may differ, depending on the cause of the disease. There are:
- vertebral artery syndrome
- radicular, irritative-reflex and cardinal syndromes,
- spinal compression( cervical compression).
Syndrome of the vertebral artery
It is characterized by three groups of symptoms: severe headache( as well as concomitant vegetative disorders), cochleovestibular disorders and visual disorders.
Headache can be chronic or paroxysmal, increasing with head movements and pressure, spreading from the nape to the forehead - a symptom of helmet removal. In this case, soreness appears in other points of the head: sore eyes and even the scalp.
Because of compression of nerve endings, headaches develop
Cochleovestibular disorders are manifested by non-systemic dizziness and vestibular apparatus disorders - a sense of instability, loss of balance, or wiggle. These ailments can be combined with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Ophthalmic disorders combine: darkening in the eyes, irritation of the mucous membranes( sensation of sand in the eyes), decreased visual acuity, etc.
shows itself pain in the cervical vertebrae, sensation of cold or numbness, unpleasant sensations when the head moves( sensationselectric current) and weakness in the limbs.
Gradually, muscle weakness in the arms increases: you may experience hypotension, complete muscle atrophy, or, conversely, facial twitching. There are also minor violations of the pelvic organs( usually of a short-term nature).
At the same time, there are various disorders of skin sensitivity( usually a violation of temperature, vibration and pain).More often - the sensitivity decreases from the side opposite the focus.
Exert themselves pain not only in the neck, but also in the region of the heart and shoulder blades. Pain is aggravated by sneezing and slightest movement of the head. Also extrasystole and tachycardia can be observed. In general, the complex of cardiac symptoms resembles the symptoms of angina pectoris.
Are characterized by sharp, burning pains in the neck. Pain that intensifies in the morning and during movement can be irradiated to the chest and forearm.
Radicular syndromes are characterized, first of all, by irradiating( given) pains. There may be prolonged, pressing, or shooting pains arising in the cervical spine and gradually shifting to the forearm, and from the forearm to the small joints of the hands.
Pain can be accompanied by a sensation of tingling of the skin and "goose bumps" on the skin.
Stages of development of cervical osteochondrosis
Cervical osteochondrosis develops in stages, in four stages:
- The first( initial) stage of
Characterized by the formation of cracks in the fibrous ring of intervertebral discs. This happens for various reasons: due to violations of posture, sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition, excessive strain on the spine, etc.
Recognizing the disease at an early stage is not easy. Painful sensations are short-lived, similar to the symptoms of other diseases. Do not see degenerative changes in the X-ray.
- The second stage of
is characterized by an increase in the number of degenerative changes in the fibrous ring: the fixation of the vertebrae worsens, the disks move wrongly, the compression and irritation of the neurovascular endings occur.
Because of the squeezing of the nerve endings, the patient begins to experience frequent exacerbations of pain. Muscles of the back, upper and lower extremities often swell. There is a feeling of numbness in the limbs. The dream is broken.
Have you noticed this before? Urgently consult a doctor!
- The third stage of
is characterized by rupture of the fibrous ring and the formation of intervertebral hernias. Such internal changes become noticeable to the naked eye: a hump is formed on the affected parts of the spine, the spine deviates, scoliosis is formed.
A person begins to experience chronic pain. There is a sensitivity to weather changes. There are frequent headaches, pain in the heart and tachycardia.
- Fourth stage
Characterized by the displacement of the vertebrae, the formation of painful seals and bone growths. All previously received health problems remain. To them new problems are added.
Movement is difficult: a person can not sharply lower his head or turn his neck, any movement causes severe pain. A person can not perform the usual household or work activities and, in the absence of proper treatment, risks remaining disabled for life.
Complications of advanced disease
Severe headache that
does not relieve pain. Complications of cervical osteochondrosis are disorders of the nervous system, the vestibular apparatus, and also other organs and systems of the body.
A person experiences severe headaches, begins to lose sight and hearing, can not sleep at night, quickly becomes tired and becomes irritable.
With long-lasting numbness of the upper limbs, degenerative changes begin to occur, in particular, asymmetrical weight loss of the forearms, shoulders and brushes associated with poor nutrition of soft tissues. In even more severe cases, there is a loss of sensitivity and paresis of both hands.
With the started form of cervical osteochondrosis, there is a restriction of movements. A person can no longer fully work and even engage in simple household chores - the fourth stage of cervical osteochondrosis leads to disability.Thus, it is possible to sum up: cervicodular osteochondrosis is a common disease that is characterized by a multitude of symptoms and gradually develops, leading to more and more serious complications. Do not "pull" with a hike to the doctor.
The later a person seeks a doctor, the more "baggage" of problems he will have to fight and the more time it will take to restore the lost functions! In this case, the first stage of cervical osteochondrosis can be easily treated even at home. In 90% balanced diet, lifestyle changes and other, simple in the implementation of measures give a positive result.
Cervical osteochondrosis: symptoms and signs
- 3 Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
This disease, like osteochondrosis, is very common today and causes a lot of fears and fears among both women and people of the opposite sex. As medical practice shows, the development of the disease contributes to a number of main causes, which are mostly provoked by the patient himself, than because of the influence of environmental factors. In order, if possible, to avoid this disease and prevent its occurrence, it is necessary to know the inherent underlying causes and symptoms.
Causes of cervical osteochondrosisAs a former "hard worker" was able to get rid of arthritis and osteochondrosis for a month. .. More. ..
Cervical osteochondrosis is manifested, as a rule, in the form of degenerative-dystrophic lesion of the intervertebral disc in the cervical spine. The disease arises and develops, as practice shows, against the background of metabolic disorders occurring in the region of the neck. In this case, there is a significant change in the structure of intervertebral discs and the bodies of individual vertebrae.
The picture of the disease with cervical osteochondrosis differs somewhat from osteochondrosis affecting other departments( we are talking about the chest and lumbar types of the disease).This type of disease is considered to be the most dangerous, as it contributes to the direct infringement of the root of the nerve leaving the spinal cord and, accordingly, to the disruption of the blood supply of the cerebral vessels due to direct compression and infringement of the blood vessels.
In addition, the structure of the vertebrae( in this case, more closely located to each other) in the cervical region is somewhat different from the others, therefore, if any pathological change occurs in one of them, there is a noticeable disruption of the normal functioning of the entire spine as a whole. It is for this reason that in case of cervical osteochondrosis of the patient, such obvious signs can be disturbed: a violation of the sensitivity of the skin and muscles of the face, neck, hands, frequent dizziness, noise and unpleasant ringing in the ears or noise in the head, regular headaches, increased feeling of fatigue,not only sight, but also hearing, loss of coordination, uncertain and unsteady gait and others.
So, one should pay special attention to the fact that cervical osteochondrosis results from:
- work, which is directly related to permanent changes in the position of the trunk - it is about flexion, extension, turns, circular movements;
- lifting heavy loads and items;
- incorrect posture in standing, sedentary, recumbent positions of the trunk, as well as during the transfer and lifting of weights;
- excessive exercise and sports;
- adverse weather conditions;
- genetic predisposition.
Cervical osteochondrosis - the main symptoms of
Very often the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis at the initial stages of its development can in no way be manifested. Already passing into a more neglected form, the disease begins to manifest itself with frequent cramping pains with the slightest movements of the neck and head. Nevertheless, the symptoms of osteochondrosis are very diverse and are due either to degenerative disorders and changes in the structure of the cartilage, or as a result of close pinching of the displaced intervertebral disc of the artery passing between the vertebrae.
The earliest and most important signs of cervical osteochondrosis are painful sensations, which at first are rapidly passing, and then take a chronic form. Pain can be localized in the neck, shoulders and occipital muscles and intensify with the tilts or turns of the neck and head. Depending on where the lesion is located, the pain can be permanent and aching. Can be sharp and shooting and for a while to die down. In this case, any movement of the head with each time difficult, which in turn is due to the periodic tension of the muscles in the neck.
When the vertebral artery is squeezed from the side of the displaced intervertebral disc, the cartilaginous tissue or strained muscles, the patient may be troubled by cervical migraine( a headache that results from weakening the blood flow and oxygen starvation of tissues), a breach and a brief loss of consciousness, a sharp jump in blood pressure inside of the increase, deterioration of hearing, the appearance of ringing ears, visual impairment, the appearance of "flies" before the eyes. Headache can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Cervical osteochondrosis, whose symptoms are diverse, can also be accompanied by nausea. Nausea, in this case, is associated with a violation of blood flow through the vessels of the brain. Very often the patient's appetite disappears, resulting in a decrease in the total body weight, there is a lack of nutrients in the body. In more advanced cases, the disease may be accompanied by vomiting, which occurs when turning the head, slopes and even ordinary walking. As mentioned a little above, this occurs as a result of a violation of the circulatory process and incomplete flow of oxygen to the inner ear, in which the center of equilibrium is located.
Lack of air
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis include such a phenomenon as lack of air. It develops with direct damage to the cervical region and is a symptom of irritation of the diaphragmatic nerve. As a result, the patient becomes difficult to breathe, he does not have enough air and he lacks oxygen, he suffers from shortness of breath, even to severe suffocation. Usually, shortage of air is accompanied by snoring, especially with uncomfortable positions of the head during rest or sleep. This condition leads to the fact that the patient wakes up completely broken and tired, he is troubled by weakness and general malaise. Long stay in this state can lead to irreversible changes in brain tissue, memory loss and concentration of attention.
Noise and ringing in the ears
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis can manifest as a noise and ringing in the ears. What's going on? The point is that the vestibular apparatus, as a rule, is supplied with blood only from the system of vertebral arteries. It is for this reason, with diseases of the cervical region, the functions of the inner ear are disrupted, as a result of which the patient is disturbed by noise and ringing in the ears. Sometimes, these symptoms are accompanied by a decrease or impairment of hearing.
Cervical osteochondrosis can also be manifested as follows. Very often the patient is disturbed by a constant and unpleasant sensation of perspiration and dryness in the throat, foreign body, itching and tickling, difficulty swallowing. All these signs are directly related to the violation of the nerve and vascular trunks that go directly from the spinal cord.
Visual impairment of
A frequent and most common symptom of cervical osteochondrosis is visual impairment. As is known, the visual analyzer is supplied with blood not only by the carotids, but also by vertebrates. When these arteries are squeezed, visual impairment occurs. In this case, patients can complain about:
- atherosclerosis of the cerebral arteries;
- unpleasant sensation of fog or blisters before the eyes;
- flashing or "floating" points;
- violation of focus on any subject.
In this condition, the use of glasses or the performance of exercises for the eyes do not give positive results. Only with appropriate treatment can there be an improvement in vision.
Sudden loss of consciousness
The most unpleasant and dangerous symptoms that can occur with cervical osteochondrosis are sudden loss of consciousness of the patient. This is due to the temporary cessation of blood flow to the cerebral arteries. There is a pronounced spasm of the arteries, arising as a response to the irritation of the nerve endings from the deformed bone processes of the vertebrae.
However, after losing consciousness, the patient quickly wakes up, if he is in time to lay and raise his legs in order to increase the outflow of blood from the legs and improve the blood supply to the brain.
Instability of arterial pressure
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis are not limited to the manifestations described above. Very often, there may be instability( spasmodic) of blood pressure, which arises because of a violation of blood supply. Arterial pressure in this case, either rises sharply, or vice versa, decreases. The patient's condition worsens, and he needs rest.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is very often accompanied by dizziness. And this phenomenon can have a spontaneous nature. The reason for dizziness is a decrease in the flow of oxygen to the channels of the inner ear. These channels are located in the brain and are in direct response to the balance. Dizziness can occur with any movement of the head or neck. Sometimes and with a sharp rise from the prone position.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
If the patient notices one or more of the above symptoms and described above, then his first action should not be self-medication on the advice of relatives and friends, but a timely visit to the appropriate specialist. The doctor's actions are aimed at conducting a survey to identify the main cause of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, as well as the selection of competent treatment.
Treatment of the disease, depending on the degree and condition of the patient, is complex. During the treatment the doctor can prescribe massage, therapeutic gymnastics, the use of medications aimed at relieving the pain and symptoms of inflammation.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical region: symptoms
Osteochondrosis is a degenerative-dystophic disease of the spine, the basis of which is the destruction of intervertebral discs. The development of degenerative diseases of the spine is facilitated by prolonged microtraumatism, excessive static and dynamic load, hereditary predisposition, advanced age. The most frequent lesion localization is the cervical and lumbar spine. This is due to their maximum mobility and load.
General concept of osteochondrosis
The intervertebral disc loses its fluid with time and loses its damping function. It becomes less resistant to physical stress. The fibrous ring, which is located on the periphery of the disc, gradually becomes thinner, and cracks form in it. By the formed slits, the pulpous nucleus is displaced around the periphery and forms protrusion ( local protrusion, 1 degree).Because of the intense physical exertion, the protrusion can jumpwise increase and shift into the lumen of the spinal canal. In this case, talk about a herniated disc( grade 2).Sometimes free-standing fragments of the nucleus - sequesters - can be formed. In the initial stages of the disease, pain can be explained by overstretching of the fibrous ring and irritation of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Pain can localize locally in the back or neck, as well as in remote areas. With cervical osteochondrosis, pain can be reflected in the back of the head, scapula and interblade area, shoulder and arm.
Pain is accompanied by reflex spasm of segmental muscles. This phenomenon is protective and stabilizes the affected area of the spinal column. Over time, muscle contraction becomes an independent source of pain. When you move to the side of the intervertebral opening, the hernia squeezes the neighboring nerve roots. Radicular pain has a shooting, piercing character, clearly localized along the innervation of the nerve. It is accompanied by the corresponding neurological manifestations:
- decreased sensitivity;
- by reflexes;
- muscle weakness.
Disk degeneration disrupts the normal anatomical relationship between the components of the spinal column: discs, vertebrae, joints and ligaments. Gradual decrease in the height of the intervertebral disc leads to a change in the joint joints and the formation of subluxations and dislocations of the vertebrae. This fact indicates the instability of the spine and reduces the resistance to injury, which can lead to an exacerbation of osteochondrosis.
With age, restoration of spine stability occurs due to the formation of osteophytes, hypertrophy of articular processes, fibrosis of discs, thickening of joint ligaments and capsule. The final stage of the pathological process is called spondylosis. Painful sensations by this time subsided.
The main symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis
At the level of the cervical segments, the nerve roots and their arteries, spinal cord and its vessels, vertebral arteries can be compressed. The compression of the spinal cord is possible due to the posterior intervertebral hernia or posterior osteophytes. People with a narrow vertebral canal are especially prone to this. With hernia compression signs of cervical osteochondrosis develop rather quickly, and symptoms of the cerebral fluid flow block are milder.
It is very difficult to clinically distinguish the compression of the spinal cord with a tumor and disc herniation. Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is manifested by spastic paresis of the legs, conduction disorders of sensitivity, pain and weakness in the hands. In some cases, signs of compression are combined with signs of ischemia of the substance of the spinal cord that appeared as a result of compression of the spinal artery and radicular vessels.
Symptoms of anterior horn and ventral lesions may develop with involvement of pyramidal pathways( blood supply to the anterior cerebrospinal artery).There is anterior spinal syndrome: limp paresis of the hands, spastic paresis of the legs, dysfunction of the sphincters. Sometimes the symptoms of gross violation of deep sensitivity in the hands develop. After 2-3 weeks, signs of a spinal stroke begin to regress. By the volume of the pathological focus can be said about the severity of residual phenomena.
Myelopathy is a chronic ischemia in cervical osteochondrosis. Great role in the development of this syndrome is the compression of blood vessels. The most characteristic lesion is in the ventral sections of the lateral columns and anterior horns. It manifests itself by the salvage of atatrophic paresis of the hands, spastic paresis of the legs, violation of the deep sensitivity of the legs( classical triad).
In a number of patients, a symptom of Lermitt appears: the feeling of passing an electrical discharge along the entire spine with the irradiation of pain in the hands and feet while moving the head. Possible development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in which there are no bulbar symptoms.
An important role in the confirmation of myalopathy is played by MRI and CT, which reveal the compression of the envelope sac with osteophytes and thickened yellow ligament.
Symptoms of radicular compression
Since the underlying discs wear out more quickly, spondyloarthrosis develops in the respective segments. Osteophytes narrow the intervertebral foramen and squeeze the roots( at the lumbar level, the disc herniation in the epidural space often occurs).During movements, the sprout head traumatizes the spine, which causes edema, which further narrows the intervertebral foramen. Develop reactive inflammatory reactions.
- C3-spine( below 2 cervical vertebrae, occurs rarely) - pain in the corresponding half of the neck, feeling of swelling of the tongue, sensation of a coma in the throat;
- C4-spine - pain in the corresponding foreleg, clavicle, atrophy of the trapezius muscle, decreased tone of the neck muscles( irritation of the 3rd and 4th cervical roots increases the tone of the diaphragm, which leads to a shift of the liver down and the appearance of angina pectoris);
- C5-spine - pain in the neck and outer surface of the shoulder, hypotrophy of the deltoid muscle;
- C6-spine( one of the most common localizations) - pain in the neck, shoulder blades, forearms on the outer surface of the shoulder, the radial surface of the forearm extends to 1 finger, paresis in the hands, weakness of the biceps muscle;
- C7-spine - pain spreads to 2-3 fingers, accompanied by paresthesias, weakness of the triceps;
- C8-spine - pain spreads to the elbow surface of the forearm to 5 fingers, accompanied by paresthesia.
Cervical reflex syndrome
Vertebral syndrome is manifested by acute cervical pain( lumbago, cervicalgia), less often chronic or subacute pain. The main sources of the pain syndrome are the fibrous ring, the posterior longitudinal ligament, the joint capsule, the strained muscles. The torticollis is not as pronounced as the curvature of the spine at the lumbar level.
Pain aching, radiating to the nape. Increase when driving or prolonged stay in one position. When palpation, the soreness of the spinous processes and capsules of the joints on the diseased side is determined( along the posterolateral surface of the neck 3-4 cm lateral to the spinous processes).Characterized by the involvement in the process of not only the back, but also the front muscles of the spine( front staircase, etc.).
Syndrome of anterior staircase
Strain muscle tension very often occurs with cervical osteochondrosis. The muscle is defined somewhat laterally from the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the form of a tight strand, dense and enlarged in size compared to the healthy side. Because of tension, compression of supraclavicular vessels occurs, which is accompanied by pain and swelling in the hand, a violation of sensitivity and motor activity( along the ulnar nerve).The pains increase in the horizontal position.
Small Thorax Muscle Syndrome
The developmental mechanism is similar to the previous one. Compression of the neurovascular bundle occurs between the muscle and the humerus( or the coracoid process) under conditions of enhanced arm diversion. It is accompanied by pains in the chest, scapula, arm.
The available signs are often considered as heart pains with VSD( acute attacks are absent, the effect of taking nitroglycerin or sedatives is not, increasing symptoms during movement and palpation of pain points).
Rear sympathetic syndrome
Dystrophic, vasomotor disturbances that result from irritation of the sympathetic plexus of the vertebral artery are characteristic. The branches of the plexus are located in the tissues of the brain and skull. Clinically manifested by dizziness, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, anxiety.
The compression of vertebral arteries by osteophytes from the joints of the spinal column, in combination with the atherosclerotic lesion of these vessels, is an important pathogenetic factor in the development of arterial insufficiency in the brain and spinal cord.
In most cases, pain in the arms and neck is associated with cervical osteochondrosis. In some patients, the pain is caused by a hernia of the intervertebral disc, in others - by osteophytes and arthrosis of the joints of the spine. Each of these options can lead to local or reflected pain, radicular syndrome and myelopathy. When examining patients with pain in the neck, it is necessary to exclude such pathologies as:
Symptoms of cervical spine osteochondrosis
Human nature is paradoxical to : only having lost something, we begin to appreciate it for real. And, unfortunately, the most striking example here is our own health. At the first stages of life, it seems so natural and familiar that a person, without hesitation, sacrifices them for career success, home comfort and even just for entertainment. Only for the first time when faced with a serious illness, when there are no forces( yes, by the way, desires) to reach the planned peaks, we realize the whole error of such a position and we are reassessing our own values.
One of the most common painful stimuli of such a reassessment today is osteochondrosis of the cervical spine .Compose about 35% of all osteochondrosis( 25% - pure pathology of the cervical region, about 10% - cervical as an element of the common pathology of the spine).The disease of the sedentary lifestyle
in the 21st century, this disease is rapidly growing younger, being the lot of not only the elderly, but also youth. The development of the information society with its total computerization and sedentary lifestyle shifts the age framework, in connection with which everyone, regardless of the date in the passport, should be aware of the risks of osteochondrosis, to understand its manifestations and causes, as well as ways to prevent a dangerous ailment.
Acquaintance with the enemy
What is an osteochondrosis of the cervical spine of ?Speaking in medical terms, this is a degenerative-dystrophic change in the intervertebral discs of the cervical section of , which provokes the pathology of the adjacent structures of the vertebral apparatus and is of a progressive nature. In other words, this is the gradual destruction of the normal structure of the intervertebral disc bodies, leading to a disruption in the optimal location of the vertebrae, their relative distance relative to each other, which in turn provokes irritation and nerve entrapment. As a result, we get pain and a bouquet of violations in the work of those organs, for the regulation of which the specific affected nerve is responsible.
If the disease is started, this unsightly picture is supplemented by osteophytes - pathological bony growths on the vertebrae, designed to compensate for the imbalance of the musculoskeletal system. Their consequence is a significant limitation of mobility, up to disability. But the latter can lie in wait for a person at earlier stages of osteochondrosis. We are talking about hernia of the intervertebral disc - a complicated variant of protrusion( protrusion) of the disc, which is accompanied by a rupture of the so-called.fibrous ring and is an irreversible change. This kind of protrusion traumatizes the nerve roots( the so-called radicular syndromes develop), but if the hernia does not protrude in the anterior or lateral direction, but backwards towards the spinal cord, the effect on the organism can be catastrophic.
Is it possible to avoid terrible consequences or at least reduce them to a minimum? Yes, if you start treatment in time. And for this it is necessary to clearly know the main signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, in order not to start the disease and not confuse it with some other pathology. It should be noted that the alarm bells that the body sends to us are very diverse, their strength and frequency depend significantly on the stage of the disease. At first, when there is only slight instability of the upper segment of the spine without structural changes in the discs, the symptoms are limited to a feeling of increased fatigue and tension in the neck.
As the pathology progresses, the protrusions form and the hernias( respectively, the second and third stages of the disease), the signs of the osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are manifested in the following:
- neck pain ranging from dull, aching to very intense, almost intolerable( sometimes even the throat);
- pain in the shoulder and forearm, often giving to the shoulder blade;
- violation of the sensitivity of the hands, their chilliness, tingling and numbness in the hand or individual fingers;
- pain in the region of the heart, which can easily be confused with angina( so-called cardiac syndrome);
- headaches and dizziness, often accompanied by nausea, and in high-intensity and vomiting conditions.
Also, osteochondrosis of the cervical region is characterized by neuralgic discomforts:
- impaired coordination;
- syncope, even loss of consciousness;
- vision impairment, "flies" before the eyes;
- hearing impairment, buzzing in the ears;
- increased fatigue;
- memory, sleep and emotional sphere disorders.
Headache and subsequent signs of cervical osteochondrosis from the list are included in the so-called.syndrome of the vertebral artery and provoked by its spasm. The connection of such manifestations with osteochondrosis is all the more obvious, the more it depends on the person's pose, sharp turns of the head, its slopes, tension and fatigue of the cervical segment of the spine.
Do not let the disease on the threshold
advice Eastern sages say: "Illness enters the door that is opened to it."Therefore, in addition to the manifestations of a disease, it is so important to know the reasons for its occurrence and the way to protect it from the arrival of an uninvited guest.
Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can be divided into two groups:
Actually physiological. The triggering mechanism of osteochondrosis is disruption of nutrition and water balance of intervertebral disc bodies. Through them, blood vessels do not pass, so everything they need is obtained from adjacent tissues, mainly muscular. If, for some reason, the disk receives less nutrients and its own moisture rate, it becomes weak and undergoes dystrophic changes. To contribute to this development of the situation can:
- muscle clamps and spasms;
- general disturbance of metabolic processes in the body;
- hereditary factors;
- pathology of connective tissue development;
- is sometimes intoxicated in infectious diseases.
Causes of osteochondrosis of the cervical ligament associated with lifestyle. They often provoke the development of actual physiological causes and include:
- poor posture;
- long stay in the same position, for example, while working at the computer;
- unbalanced power;
- sudden termination of training by those who engaged in them regularly;
- hypothermia, systematic exposure to adverse meteorological factors;
- stresses, although not all researchers agree with their introduction to the list of causes.
In addition to the of these factors , signs of cervical osteochondrosis often result from spinal injuries.
The analysis of the reasons in many respects gives the answer to what should be the prevention of osteochondrosis of the cervical department. It is necessary to minimize the load on the corresponding segment of the spine, avoid long fixed neck positions, as well as sudden movements, alternate between statics and dynamics, find time to perform simple physical exercises, say to people of mental work it is useful to do physical breaks in their work. An important role is also played by adequate nutrition and hardening, relaxing massage of the corresponding zone after periods of muscle tension.
Thus, prevention of osteochondrosis of the cervical department of is not burdensome, and in many cases even pleasant, and, taking up a minimum of time, allows you to maintain the health of your spine for as long as possible.