Ointments for the treatment of joints: what gels and therapeutic ointments are best for arthrosis and arthritis
Such diseases as deforming arthrosis, reactive or rheumatoid arthritis, gout and many other joint diseases, alas, are not always well treatable.
But at the same time now there is a large number of medicinal ointments - both medicamentous and prepared according to the recipes of folk medicine - which help to reduce pain and relieve inflammation in the joints. We offer you a short review of such ointments and balms for the treatment of joints, which give the best possible result.
Ointments and joint gels based on medications( pharmacies)
Ointment Diclofenac( also known as Voltaren Emulgel)Diclofenac is one of the most effective anti-inflammatory drugs of the first generation. The most famous medicines containing this active substance are Voltaren, Orthofen, Diclonak-P and others.
This medicine is produced not only in the form of tablets, suppositories and solutions for intravenous use, but also as an ointment. One gram of 1% diclofenac ointment contains 10 mg of active ingredient - diclofenac sodium.
Apply this ointment in the following way. For pains in the joints, deforming osteoarthritis, arthritis, gout 2-4 gram of ointment is applied to the area of the affected joint with a thin layer and gently rubbed gently into the affected area with gentle, gentle movements, trying not to cause additional pain.
Repeat the use of the ointment during the day can be up to 2-3 times, but you need to ensure that the daily dose of the ointment used does not exceed 8 grams. Do not forget that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have their contraindications, even with external application.
You can buy Voltaren Emulgel delivery in Moscow and Russia, for example, or( slightly cheaper).
Please note: the course of treatment with this remedy should not exceed two weeks. If during this period to improve the condition of the joints failed, you need to see a doctor so that he either corrects the dose of the medicine or appoints another.
The active substance Bostrum-gel is ketoprofen: 1 g of gel contains 25 mg of this drug substance. The Russian company Akrihin is producing this medicine.The use of this drug is indicated for inflammatory diseases of the joints, ligaments and muscles: arthritis, deforming osteoarthrosis, bursitis, traumatic dislocations and other diseases.
For use, squeeze three to five centimeters of gel from the tube and gently, spread it gently over the entire surface of the skin over the aching joint. Lightly massage the area to absorb the gel. You can use this medicine two or three times a day.
Bystrumgel is not suitable for massage, so for these purposes it is better to use other gels and balms - for example Valentine Dikul balm for joints.
This gel is an analog of Bystrumgel, although in fact Fastumgel appeared on the market much earlier, and it is produced by the Italian company A.Menarini Pharmaceutical Industry's Group. The active substance is the same ketoprofen. Indications, contraindications and other features of this drug are almost identical to Bystrumgel.
As the name suggests, the active ingredient in this ointment is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug called indomethacin. Ointment is 10%, i.e.1 gram contains 100 mg of active ingredient.
The use of this ointment is indicated for inflammatory joint lesions, which are accompanied by pain, swelling of the joints - osteoarthritis, rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis( Bechterew's disease) - in other words, in all diseases in which the so-called articular syndrome is observed, andat pains in muscles and at such diseases, as a neuralgia, a neuritis, lumbago, an osteochondrosis, etc.
To use means it is necessary so. Squeeze a few centimeters of ointment from the tuba and with gentle, neat movements start to rub the ointment into the skin above the aching joint until you vytrete dry. You can use the ointment 2-3 times a day, but make sure that the daily amount of the medicine does not exceed 15 cm of the squeezed ointment in adults and seven and a half for children.
In addition, the drug should not be applied to the open wound surface and should be used with great caution in gastric ulcer. Also, avoid ingesting indomethacin ointment in the eyes and mucous membranes.
Cream Dolgit is a medicine containing 5% of active substance ibuprofen with auxiliary substances.Has anti-edematous effect, reduces inflammation in the joints and reduces pain in them, and also increases the amount of movement in the joint, reduces the morning stiffness. The Dolgit cream is especially shown for rheumatoid arthritis, deforming osteoarthritis, gout, sciatica.
This cream can not be used by women during pregnancy and lactation, children under 14 years of age, with skin diseases( wet eczema, etc.) and also with increased sensitivity to the main active ingredient( ibuprofen).
Cream Dolgit is used only externally( like other ointments and gels) 3-4 times a day. Depending on the volume of the treated surface of the skin, a strip of cream with a length of 4 to 10 cm can be used. The course of treatment with Dolgit can be up to 3-4 weeks;if during this period there has not been a significant improvement - this is a strong argument to consult a doctor and start receiving other medications.
This medicine is a 1% gel containing the active substance nimesulide.The peculiarity of this drug is that it belongs to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of the second generation, or COX-2.Due to this, when using this drug, there are much fewer side effects that are characteristic of the first-generation NSAIDs( COX-1).Indications for the use of the gel are joint diseases such as deforming osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, tendovaginitis.
The drug is contraindicated in case of stomach ulcer in the stage of exacerbation, infectious and inflammatory diseases of the skin, during pregnancy and lactation.
You can apply the gel nail 2-3 times a day, using a gel column at a time up to 3 cm in length and rubbing it into the skin with soft movements. Please note that before using the product, you should thoroughly wash it, and then dry the skin in the area of the affected joints, and only then rub the gel. Use this medicine for no longer than 10 days.
Buy Nyz-gel you can.
Ketonal gel is a 2.5% ketoprofen gel, which has a powerful analgesic effect and which can be used for pain in the joints, when other medicines do not help much.Ketonal gel is indicated for diseases such as Bechterew's disease, periarthritis, deforming arthrosis, psoriatic and reactive arthritis( including Reiter's syndrome), radiculitis, injuries and bruises of joints, muscles and ligaments.
With caution, this medication should be used for bronchial asthma, severe heart, liver and kidney diseases, as well as ulcerative gastrointestinal lesions. Apply this gel to people with hypersensitivity to ketoprofen and other components of the gel( including fragrances), with dandruff, with some other diseases, as well as in the 3 trimester of pregnancy and children under 15 years of age.
Use this drug 1-2 times a day, squeezing 3-5 cm of gel from the tube and gently rubbing the gel into the skin over the area of the affected joint to dryness. Without consulting a doctor, it is not recommended to use this gel for more than 2 weeks.
Gel Deep ReliefThis gel, unlike other ointments and creams listed above, contains at once two active substances: the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen and the locally irritating drug levomenthol( or simply menthol).
Together, these drugs strengthen each other's actions, providing an analgesic, anti-edematous, anti-inflammatory effect, reducing the formation of excess fluid in the joint and reducing the temperature in the area of the inflamed joint.
You can use the Deep Relief not more than four times a day, covering the area of the skin above the patient's joint with a thin layer of gel and rubbing it to dryness. Without consulting a doctor, this drug should not be used for more than ten days.
You can buy this product, for example,
Ointments based on prescriptions of traditional medicine
Despite the abundance of pharmacy ointments, do not forget that nature itself has prepared natural natural ingredients for the treatment of a variety of diseases, including joint diseases.
We offer van selected recipes of folk medicine for the treatment of pain in the joints, which can be used in parallel with the medicamental treatment of these diseases.
Magic egg-acetic ointmentTo prepare the ointment, take 1 chicken egg, it is best not from the poultry factory, but the present is rustic, and break it into a small jar. Do not throw away the shell, but throw it there. Then pour the vinegar essence into the jar so that it covers the egg poured out there with a layer of about 1 centimeter.
After that, close the jar and put it in a dark place for four to five days. By the end of this period, the shell must already dissolve. Add 200 ml of sunflower or vegetable oil to the jar, mix thoroughly and put the jar now in the sun for the same four days. After that, the ointment is ready. Keep it in a refrigerator and use it properly before use.
Apply this ointment in the following way. Take a small amount of ointment, and at night, before going to bed, rub it with aching joints. After that, heat the joint area with a warm woolen shawl or scarf and leave it so overnight.
This ointment not only helps reduce pain in the joints, but also helps prevent osteoporosis of the bones.
Ointment from medical clayBuy ordinary medical clay, which is sold in a pharmacy, and mix it with 50 ml of sunflower oil( clay is usually sold in packs of 100 grams).After thoroughly mixing the resulting ointment, cover it with a thin layer of the diseased joint, and leave it for an hour and a half.
After that, rinse thoroughly the leftover ointments from the skin, and then densely warm this area with a clean, warm woolen shawl, and leave the diseased joint at rest for one more hour: for this, it's best to just lie down.
Such rubbing with this ointment should be done every day for three weeks. Therapeutic ointment can be stored in the refrigerator.
Oily ammonia ointment
Ammonium alcohol is a part of useful ointments
To prepare the ointment, take 5% ammonia( 2 tablespoons), turpentine turpentine, preferably with printed GOST on the label( the same amount), as well as 2 normal raweggs. Thoroughly beat the resulting mixture until a homogeneous emulsion is formed, a consistency close to sour cream.
Rub the obtained ointment in the diseased joints - both large( knee, shoulder, hip), and in the small joints of the hands and feet.
Usually, the effect occurs even when the first application of this healing ointment. It can also be applied by courses every day for 5 consecutive days, after which you take a break and repeat the same course in a month.
Therapeutic ointment on birch buds
birch buds - folk remedy for joint pain
To prepare this ointment, take 0.8 kg of usual creamy unsalted butter, as well as fresh birch buds, preferably collected in an ecologically clean area.
Take a jar with a wide throat( you can also use enamelware), and lay a layer of oil one to two centimeters thick on the bottom. On it, pour birch buds to form a layer of similar thickness;then - again 1-2 cm of butter and again as many birch buds. Interleave these layers among themselves until the dishes are filled to the top.
Then tightly close the container, top with a test and put in the oven at a low temperature for 24 hours. At the end of the day, cool the dishes and separate the oil from the kidneys, straining through a sieve or gauze. Birch buds will no longer be needed, and add 10 grams of camphor to the resulting emulsion and mix properly.
After that, the ointment is ready. Use it should be once a day, in the evening, before going to bed, rubbing in the aching joints. The resulting therapeutic ointment should be stored in the refrigerator.
You can also read about other methods of treating joint diseases using folk methods: about folk treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint( gonarthrosis), about methods of getting rid of osteoarthrosis of the hip joint( coxarthrosis), and about folk prescriptions for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
But do not forget that such treatment must necessarily go in parallel with the examination and treatment of a doctor-arthrologist and not be a substitute for medical treatment of joint diseases.
Review of modern ointments for pain in joints: truth and fiction
Ointments for joint pain came to us from ancient times. In archaeological excavations in human skeletons, attributed to the V century BC, signs of joint disease were found. The first written evidence of problems with the musculoskeletal system is dated to the 2nd century BC.It is obvious that in the modern understanding the pharmaceutical industry did not exist.
Managed with an articular ailment in ancient times, people only with the help of external means. Healers, healers, shamans tried to treat pain in joints with the help of bloodletting, moxibustion with burning iron, and also used various means of natural origin, both vegetable and mineral: infusions, decoctions, lotions, compresses, rubbers and ointments. Widely used beekeeping products: bee venom and propolis, snake venom, as well as tinctures, decoctions and ointments from the bark of willow or willow, in which there are salicylates - substances with pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, progenitors of aspirin and other drugs of the NSAID group( nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
Modern range of ointments for joint pains
Of all the means and methods, modern pharmacists have adopted a greater degree of ointment. Probably, in view of their high profitability, today their production is put on a broad base. A person without a medical or pharmaceutical education is quite difficult to navigate in this diversity, to assess the benefits or harms of certain drugs, especially in the future. Moreover, manufacturers often do not stint on advertising.
Currently in the current pharmaceutical classification( proposed by WHO and accepted in Russia) there are 4 subgroups of agents for external use in diseases of the musculoskeletal system:
- Means based on NSAID preparations: ibuprofen, diclofenac, ketoprofen, ibuprofen, etc. Examples of such ointments: Naise, Ketonal, Indometoksinovaya, Finalagel and others.
- Preparations of pepper based on capsaicin( a substance contained in pepper and responsible for the "burning" effect) and its derivatives: Capsin, Nikofleks, balm Golden Star( also Zvezdochka), Espol, Kapsikam, Finalgon, etc.
- Drugs based on salicylic acid and its derivatives: Bom-Benge, Ben-Gay, Viprosal, Efkamon, Nizvysal, etc.
- Other drugs, which include such a well-known drug as Dimexide, as well as a number of combined and homeopathic remedies.
Also in this classification, external agents for joint pain can be found in the group "Other medications for the treatment of the musculoskeletal system."It includes fashionable in our time chondroprotectors - drugs that protect and repair cartilage, including ointments based on them. The main active substances in them are mainly two components: chondroitin sulfate and glucosaminoglycans, including.hyaluronic acid.
Learn more about chondroprotective drugs.
With the current abundance of various products, creams, gels - it is sometimes very difficult to understand the nonspecialist
NSAIDs and chondroprotectors: more expensive does not mean better
The most expensive and actively advertised today are ointments based on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and chondroprotectors. At the same time it is these drugs that cause the most disputes and doubts about their effectiveness. The fact is that their active substances( especially the hornroprotektorov) have fairly large molecules, which in fact can not penetrate through the skin cells into the deeper layers of tissues. For example, with external application of the drug "Diclofenac" directly to the knee joint penetrates no more than 5-7% of the active substance.
To date, in fact, there are no large-scale studies of local therapy with these drugs, which could reliably confirm their effectiveness. And those studies that are conducted - do not meet the modern principles of evidence-based medicine, and therefore can not be accepted.
Novartis( the manufacturer of the Voltaren emulsifier) has published the results of one of the latest studies in this field in support of the effectiveness of the drug. According to the presented data, the effectiveness of the Voltaren emulsifier was comparable to that of the Ibuprofen tablets with less side effects. In the testing there were 2 control groups: taking the drug Ibuprofen inwards and using locally the drug Diclofenac. However, in this study there was no control group that would use vaseline, lanolin or another inert ointment base for local therapy as an ointment.
It is possible that in this group the effect would be equivalent to the effect among patients using external agents with NSAIDs. The fact is that at certain stages of the disease, the process of rubbing itself has a positive effect on joints, during which local blood circulation improves and reflex muscle spasm is eliminated - and this can indeed give a noticeable effect in a number of cases( including when there are no signs of acute inflammation).
In addition, manufacturers sometimes go for a trick. For example, in the popular ointment "Hondroksid" included dimethylsulfoxide( dimexide), which in itself has a pronounced anti-inflammatory and local anesthetic effect, but costs several times cheaper.
Means for external application on the basis of NSAIDs can be very effective in the development of synovitis( inflammation of the lining of the joint), becauseit is located closer to the surface of the skin than the bones or cartilages. Therefore, the active substance can penetrate into it more likely.
To penetrate active substances deep into the tissue helps ultrasound. Therefore, agents for external use with glucocorticoid hormones( which are close to NSAIDs by the mechanism of anti-inflammatory action) and ointments with NSAIDs are actively used in ultrasound physiotherapy. The process of introducing drugs into the body with the help of ultrasonic waves is called phonophoresis. Unlike simple "smearing", this procedure gives a pronounced effect with minimal adverse reactions( in the absence of contraindications).
Pepper and salicylic acid: cheap and angry
Topical products with pepper preparations, its derivatives and salicylic acid derivatives are simple and affordable, which at some stages of the disease give excellent effect, eliminating pain and inflammation in the joint region. They have local anesthetic and irritating effects. Most ointments have a combined composition and contain anti-inflammatory, analgesic and topical irritants simultaneously. In addition to pepper derivatives, bee and snake venoms, camphor, turpentine, essential oils of eucalyptus, peppermint, clove-tree and their synthetic analogues are widely used as ingredients.
Why are these drugs so effective?
They warm, dilate the blood vessels, cause the outflow of blood from the inflammation focus, reduce swelling, restore blood circulation - thereby contribute to the abating of the inflammatory process and help to relieve muscle spasm around the affected joint.
In addition to the above mechanisms, the so-called "Ukhtomsky dominant principle" plays an important role. During the illness, a focus of pain arises in the cerebral cortex, which closes all the "attention" of the higher nervous activity, and thus aggravates the symptoms, closing the vicious circle and hindering recovery. For effective therapy, it is important to switch attention, so warming and locally irritating procedures are also called distractions. Sometimes they are enough to take the path of recovery.
Nikoflex and popular balm Gold star - capsicum preparations based on capsaicin
Effective folk recipes
Some patients prefer not to spend money on branded packaging and name, but to prepare warming ointments independently on grandmother's recipes. They often contain mustard, red pepper, turpentine, propolis, needles, eucalyptus or clove oil.
Here is one of the simplest and most effective recipes: mix the ground red pepper with the inside( pig) fat or smaltz( smalets are grease that is made from fat, it can be replaced with lanolin or petroleum jelly) in the ratio 1: 2( to 1 spoon of red pepper add2 tablespoons of fat).With pains, rub a small amount of the drug into the joint area.
There are several variants of the popular recipe for ointments with camphor, mustard and egg whites:
- Take 50 g of mustard powder and 50 ml of camphor oil, dilute in 100 g of ethyl alcohol, add three egg whites to the solution.
- In another variant, 50 ml of camphor alcohol should be added to 50 g of mustard, and then mixed with three egg whites( ethyl alcohol is not required).
These agents should be used with caution, as they can cause local and general allergic reactions, and other complications.
Important information on the treatment with ointments
No medication, including for external use, can be used without examination and consultation of a doctor, as it is possible to miss a serious illness or a dangerous complication. Before using even medications that are harmless in your opinion, consult with your doctor.
Local treatment with ointments has contraindications. Among them may be:
- suspected purulent or specific infectious processes;
- marked inflammatory changes in the joint region;
- accumulation of a large amount of fluid in the joint cavity;
- is the general severe condition of the patient;
- heart attacks, strokes and other severe diseases.
If after applying the ointment there is a burning sensation - it can not be tolerated, as there may be local allergic reactions. However, do not try to wash off the ointment with water: the substances contained in it, as a rule, do not dissolve in water, but dissolve well in fats, so irritated locally should be wiped with a cotton swab with vegetable oil.
People with sensitive skin and nervous system( emotional) should mix "burning" ointments before use with vegetable oil, petroleum jelly or lanolin before use.
Do not take the ointment as a panacea for all ailments or a magic wand. Treatment should be comprehensive and aimed at eliminating the causes and mechanisms of the disease.
It is important to pay attention not only to the name of the product, but also to its composition. Often ointments with the same composition are produced by different manufacturers under different names and sometimes have an unjustified difference in price.
What anesthetic joint ointment is most effective
The most common symptom of almost all inflammatory and destructive processes in the joints is pain of varying intensity. This pain often makes the patient's life unbearable.
In medical practice, to eliminate pain syndrome with various joint diseases it is common to use anti-inflammatory drugs. There are various ointments, creams, gels and other drugs that help relieve pain in the lower back, knees, etc. To understand which ointment painkillers for joints is right for you, you need to identify the cause of the ailment.
Why there is pain in the joints and how to eliminate it
The cause of joint pain is most often inflammation. The inflammatory process can have different localization and affect both the joint itself and the underlying tissue. Before you start looking for an effective anesthetic, you should consult a doctor and determine the true cause of the pain. Most joint diseases can not be completely cured, so the main goal of therapy is to achieve a stable remission and eliminate the pain syndrome.
Selection of drugs effective for pain of different localization and etiology, carried out exclusively individually. Ointments and gels for joints that are suitable for one patient do not always help the other. The doctor can recommend you this or that drug, but you will most likely have to choose the most suitable one by experience. Knowing certain properties of some components, you can independently pick up those ointments for joints that will help you.
Quite often patients complain of pain in the lower back, knee, elbow and hip joints. The most common diseases that cause pain are arthritis, arthrosis and osteochondrosis.
Effective means for various joint diseases
If the cause of low back pain or other joints is arthritis, then it is advisable to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Such funds not only effectively relieve pain syndrome, but also combat the cause of the disease - inflammation. In this case, you should choose different painkillers and gels based on diclofenac or ibuprofen. These drugs have pronounced analgesic properties, relieve local hyperthermia and edema.
A good therapeutic effect is provided by drugs based on bee or snake venom in combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Bee venom contains active ingredients that have a wide range of effects. Ointments based on poisons have a warming effect, improve local blood circulation, supply tissues with oxygen and help remove toxins from the affected joint.
The heating agent of bee venom
The most popular painkillers for this group are apizarthron( bee venom-based ointment) and viprosal( a viper-based poison preparation).Use this ointment can be 2-3 times a day until the symptoms disappear completely. If during the day you did not notice any positive dynamics, use of the drug should be stopped. Do not forget that the poison of bees and snakes is a powerful allergen and can cause the patient to have an allergic reaction.
There is a large number of drugs for the treatment of joints based on medicinal plants. Among such plants, distinguish a jaunty, ginger pharmacy, kalgan Chinese, sabelnik, etc. Widespread use in the treatment of joint diseases received "Ointment of another Tyssa with a lifeblood."Has a good therapeutic effect for pain in the lower back and other joints. This tool is appropriate for use in osteochondrosis, arthritis and arthrosis of various etiologies.
Before using this or that ointment, be sure to consult your doctor. Often, self-medication not only does not bring the desired effect, but also contributes to the development of fairly serious complications. Do not risk your health, listen to the opinion of a specialist.
How to prepare a curative ointment at home
The only drawback of all of the above drugs is their cost. The price is high, because all these funds are made from scarce and expensive raw materials. There is an alternative to expensive medications - ointment, which is prepared by oneself at home.
Home painkiller drug against pain in joints
Popularity uses such a prescription ointment for osteochondrosis, arthritis, arthrosis and other joint diseases, where the foundation of the remedy is bee pollock. Podmore contains chitosan and melanin, which have a wide range of medicinal properties. Means based on beeswax have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and bactericidal action. They are used for pain in the lower back, knees and elbows, with various injuries and diseases of the joints.
To prepare such an ointment, you will need beeswax and any cosmetic oil: vaseline, corn, olive, etc. You need to take 2-3 tablespoons of grinded beef on the coffee grinder, mix it with 100 g of butter until it is homogeneous( do it betterin a blender).Put the resulting mixture in a bowl of dark glass, wrap in a newspaper and put it in a dark cool place. After 3-4 weeks, the ointment will be ready for use.
For pains in the lower back, you need to rub the resulting composition into the affected area at night, with the back better wrapped in a scarf made of natural wool. The course of treatment is about 1 month, but within a week the patient begins to feel a significant relief of the symptoms of the disease. Other joints should be lubricated with massage movements 2-3 times a day until the pain is completely gone.
Ointment for joints based on beeswax has practically no contraindications. There are a small number of people with individual intolerance to the components of the drug. If you have itching, redness and other unpleasant sensations, the use of the drug should be discontinued.
How to choose an effective ointment for joint pain
Joint pain can occur at any time, and it can be associated with many factors - injuries, degenerative diseases, inflammatory lesions of joint components. Whatever the reason was not present, no one wants to endure the pain. In this situation, each person is looking for an effective and simple solution to the current problem, which is the ointment for pain in the joints. This is the simplest, most accessible and safe method for alleviating one's suffering.
It will not be superfluous to mention that the local treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system has a long history, it was successfully used even when no one suspected about pills and injections. Ointments for pain were prepared on the basis of animal fats, medicinal herbs, bee and snake venom and other natural components. Nowadays there is no need to prepare an anesthetic ointment alone, as the modern pharmaceutical market offers a wide range of such medicines. In this article we will try to understand what kinds of ointments and when to apply.
The main groups of drugs for topical treatment of
joints All painkillers and other local joint dosage forms can be divided into several groups by composition, principle of action and effectiveness:
- Local means based on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory substances. This is the most popular and, it should be noted, an effective and quick-acting group, which is widely used for all types of joint damage. These medicines belong to the over-the-counter group, and you can purchase them at any pharmacy.
- Chondroprotectors for topical use, the active ingredients of which are chondroitin and glucosamine( the main components of cartilage of the joint), therefore, their use is recommended for degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
- Local irritating and warming ointments, which are made on the basis of capsaicin( extract from burning red pepper), bee and snake venom, various essential oils. Use them carefully.
- Ointment for pain in joints based on salicylic acid and its derivatives( Efkamon, Ben-Gay, Viprosal).
- A group of additional local remedies for the treatment of joints, including Dimexide, homeopathic remedies, a number of combination preparations, ointments based on glucocorticoids( Objective T, Traumeel S, Badiaga Forte, cream Sophia).
Each group of local anesthetics has its own indications and prohibitions to use, its use and duration of use, as will be discussed below.
Ointments from the group of NSAIDs
The most popular and effective representatives:
- Voltaren Emulgel;
- Fastum gel;
- Indomethacin Ointment;
- Cream Dolgit;
- Nyz Gel;
- Ketonal gel;
- Deep Relief Gel;
Voltaren Emulgel is an effective analgesic for joints based on diclofenac
The basis of all these preparations is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug - diclofenac, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, indomethacin, nimesulide + additional components depending on the manufacturer. The most effective anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of drugs based on diclofenac.
Apply all these ointments in this way. Squeeze out 2-4 cm of the drug and apply a thin layer on the skin over the patient's joints, do not rub. Above, you can fix the bandage and make a bandage. Use the medicine 2-4 times a day until the pain subsides, but not more than 2 weeks.
It's important to remember! Despite the local use of NSAIDs, a certain amount of them is absorbed into the blood and manifests its systemic effect, which can cause complications from the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, you must strictly adhere to all the recommendations specified in the instructions.
Ointments from the group of chondroprotectors
At the moment, this group of drugs is very common and widely advertised. I must say at once that their cost is high, and the analgesic effect has to wait a very long time. The fact is that these drugs are not designed to relieve pain, so use them when exacerbating uselessly. But a long reception( 6-7 months) and as part of complex therapy can have a positive effect on the restoration of cartilaginous tissue in the joint with arthrosis and a decrease in the amount of exacerbation.
The most popular representative is Chondroxide. By the way, Dimexid is also part of this chondroprotector, because there is some anti-inflammatory potential of the ointment, but it is a merit of an additional substance, not the main one.
Chondroxide - the most popular chondroprotective ointment
Heating and local irritating ointments
The action of local irritating and warming ointments is provided by various substances, mainly natural( animal or vegetable):
- Apizarthron - based on bee venom and methyl salicylate;
- Capsicum - based on capsaicin - an extract of red hot pepper;
- Bom-Benge - based on menthol and methyl salicylate;
- Viprosal - based on snake venom, camphor, turpentine and salicylic acid;
- Gavkamen - based on menthol, camphor, clove and eucalyptus oil.
Apizarthron is a warming ointment based on the
bee venom. But it is necessary to remember certain rules for the application of such treatment:
- first you need to conduct an allergy test, since such drugs are not highly purified and contain many natural allergens;
- can not be used for active inflammation, because they dilate blood vessels and will increase the focus of inflammation and edema, they can be used only in the absence of inflammation;
- is not recommended for use in children, as the drugs can cause a strong burning sensation;
- Do not allow the formulation to enter mucous membranes.
Problems with the use of ointments and how to solve themAlso you can read: Dolobien Gel with radiculitis
Despite the existing positive feedback about this or that local remedy, there are also very negative responses about their inefficiency. The thing is that the use of ointments and gels should be correct and rational: it is not enough just to smear a sore spot - you need to do it right.
The main problem with the application of anesthetic local remedies is a low permeability of the skin. This leads to the fact that a very small amount of active substance falls in the place of destination. And the larger the joint, the less this amount is( this explains the greater effectiveness of local treatment of small joints, for example, the hands, in contrast to the knee and ankle).And if the joint is deep and protected from above with a muscular skeleton, for example, the humerus and hip, this treatment is ineffective.
To be sure of this, it is necessary to know the fact that when applying the gel to the skin of the joint, only 5-7% of the amount used penetrates inside. The human skin is not to blame for this - they are so arranged to protect us from any "unauthorized" access from outside.
But there are techniques that help circumvent this protection and deliver the required amount of medication to the intended use. First, most of the local medicines contain special substances that allow "to open channels" inside the skin for the passage of large molecules of drugs. These include Dimexide, which itself has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, therefore only improves the formula of the drug. If the manufacturer has not added such substances to the composition of his medication, then it can be done independently, mixing the required amount of ointment with Dimexide.
Phonophoresis is a great way to increase the effectiveness of anesthetics for local medications with
joint disease. Even more effective method of overcoming the cutaneous barrier is the introduction of drugs with ultrasound( phonophoresis) or electric current( electrophoresis).Such physiotherapy with analgesic gels are very effective and popular, they allow you to get rid of pain even in large joints.
When local treatment is contraindicated
Despite the safety of the application, ointments for the joints have contraindications:
- pustular skin lesions at the site of application;
- is an allergy to any component of the ointment;
- signs of pronounced inflammation of the joint;
- concomitant severe diseases, in which the use of a particular ointment can be contraindicated.
When making a conclusion, it must be said that no ointment can cure you of joint disease. They will only ease the condition for a while. To get rid of the problem completely, you need to seek medical help for an individual and comprehensive therapeutic program.
Ointment for pain in the joints. Diclofenac
Diclofenac or Voltaren Emulgel is an anti-inflammatory effective drug, it has several pharmacological forms. For example, candles, tablets, solutions for intravenous use. The ointment itself contains the active substance - diclofenac sodium in the amount of 10 mg.
Application is indicated in cases of diagnosis of arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout attacks. The method of application is to gently rub the ointment into the affected area. Movements should be soft, massaging. Use suggests 2 or 3 times a day, it is not recommended to use diclofenac more than 8 grams per day.
Ointment for pain in joints. Indomethacin
Indomethacin is a drug of a non-steroidal group, is an effective anti-inflammatory drug.1 gram of ointment contains about 100 mg of active substance.
Indication for use in patients with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis, psoriatic or rheumatoid arthritis, with gout, as well as ankylosing spondylitis. In a word, for all those diseases for which puffiness, swelling or manifestation of hematoma is characteristic. Ointment against pain in the joints indomethacin is used as follows: gently, smooth movements rub into the affected area - the joint drug, until the ointment is completely absorbed into the skin. Optimal use involves rubbing 3 times a day.
Ointments for pain in joints. Nase gel
Nase gel is a drug, based on the active substance - nimesulide. This drug is 1% gel. It is prescribed most often with the following joint diseases: bursitis, arthrosis, arthritis of various types, for example, rheumatoid, with osteoarthrosis, and also tendovanginitis.
The drug also has a number of contraindications. It is not recommended to use for ulcerative stomach diseases, in case of inflammatory, purulent diseases of the skin, with the development of infectious diseases, for the period of gestation, with lactation.
The recommended daily dose of rubbing is 2-3 times a day. The approximate dosage is 3 centimeters of the ointment, which is rubbed gently with massage movements until completely absorbed by the skin.
Cream Dolgit - this preparation contains 5% active ibuprofen, in addition to the active ingredients are auxiliary substances. If joints hurt ointment cream Dolgit helps reduce inflammation in the joints, relieves swelling, helps to eliminate muscle spasm, increases blood flow to soft and bony tissues. Helps to relieve pain syndrome, if that disturbs the patient. If the joints ache, Dolgit ointment is indicated for use 3-4 times a day. The course of treatment can be about a month, sometimes a little less. It is used by means of massage rubs, until the skin is completely absorbed by the skin.
In addition to medical ointments and gels, folk remedies based on medicinal herbs, tinctures using alcohol, pepper or mustard are also used. However, when using these tools, you should consult with your physician.This entry was posted in Disease of the Joints.
Ointment for joint pain |All about joints
Ointments for arthritis
Ointments for rheumatoid arthritis
The use of ointments for rheumatoid arthritis is aimed at reducing pain, slowing the progression of the disease. Use the ointment for a long time. Diclofenac gel, indomethacin ointment is shown rubbing into the skin over the joint 2-4 times a day.
Chondroprotectors, such as chondroitin, glucosamine, organic sulfur and tseladrin, improve joint condition. Ointments with chondroprotectors are not many, one of the homeopathic ones is the purpose -T, stimulates the regeneration of the joint tissue, relieves pain and inflammation not at the expense of analgesics, which are not present in the composition, but due to the direct influence of the components on the cause of inflammation. Also, it includes the organ components, plants and minerals, which makes it the most curative among other ointments. To enhance the effect, appoint and injections of Target-T.
Professional massage with warming ointments improves blood circulation in the hearth and tissue trophism, relieves muscle spasm. The mechanism of the action of fragrances with ointments based on the oils of menthol, eucalyptus, cloves, bee and snake venoms, not the same as in NSAIDs - there is no addiction and no side effects on the skin.
Ointments for arthritis of the knee joint
Ointments for arthritis of the knee joint are the first drugs used by the patient in case of pain in the knee and impaired motor function:
- If the ointment is an NSAID, it will partially relieve pain and prevent inflammationeven before the first visit to the doctor and the establishment of an accurate diagnosis.
- Warming ointments well restore the circulatory system, rehabilitate the muscles around the hearth, speeding up the healing process. Gels with medical bile, bischofite or dimexide act more strongly and versatile, warm not only from the outside, but also get the heart disease inside.
- Chondroprotectors are indicated for all joint diseases and produce a general positive effect.
Pharmaceutical industry offers Menovasin, Espol, Voltaren-gel, Diclofenac, Menovazine, Nikoflex, Gevkamen. Dimexide penetrates well through the skin and relieves inflammation. Medical bile has a resolving power. Gialgel is partially able to restore joint mobility in the therapy of osteoarthritis, it can be used to prevent arthritis in people who regularly reload joints.
There are homeopathic creams with the content:
- mummies with honey partially relieve pain,
- oils with burdock warm up in the form of compress,
- camphor improves blood circulation, rubs up to full absorption,
- butter of celandine gives a general curative effect,
- of birch kidney reduces inflammation and pain.
Ointment from arthritis of the fingers
At the first symptoms of the defeat of interphalangeal joints of the upper extremities, such as pain and swelling, it is recommended to use ointment from arthritis of the fingers. At the initial stage of the manifestation, the disease is easier to treat, so complex treatment with ointment can have a noticeable positive effect. Ointments based on NSAIDs( Fastum-gel, Butadiene, Indometacin) are rubbed into the joint during the period of arthritic nodules forming or exacerbation.
Anesthetic ointment usually refers to NSAIDs( Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen), and is used in the complex treatment of arthritis. Among ointments, whose main purpose is to reduce pain, there are many preparations from natural ingredients. Ointments on herbs can be prescribed by a doctor, have a mild effect, but absolutely have no side effects and contraindications associated with them. The allergic moment in this case does not always play a primary role, since NSAIDs and hormone drugs can also cause allergies.
Warning! With long-term treatment of chronic arthritis, these ointments are not treated as such, but only reduce pain.
Rinsing of such ointments have a noticeable therapeutic effect, which is better even than from tablets, with traumatic injuries and acute diseases of the periarticular tissues located close to the surface of the skin.
A good therapeutic effect and almost complete absence of side effects are homeopathic ointments of the complex action of Traumeel and Cel-t. Manufactured according to the principles of homotoxicology, they have a wide spectrum of action and are aimed at improving their own metabolism and activating the body's defenses. Traumeel is indicated for inflammation of any part of the musculoskeletal system, organs, tissues, for the treatment of injuries and edema( including postoperative), dislocations, sprains.
Traditional medicine - joint pain
Tincture and ointment for pain in joints
This tincture treats arthritis, arthrosis, rheumatoid polyarthritis, osteochondrosis, sciatica, gout, rheumatism, it is effective in the treatment of intervertebral hernias. To prepare, take 200 g of dry rhizome and 100 grams of rhizomes kalgan( straight), pour into a 3-liter jar and pour 3 liters of good vodka( 70% alcohol or home-made vodka).Close the lid and put it in a warm place. You need to insist for 3 weeks, periodically shaking the contents of the can. Then, strain through 2-3 layers of gauze, squeeze out and pour into dark bottles. It will be slightly more than 2 liters of tincture. Take a tincture of 1 tablespoon( diluted with 50 milliliters of water) 3 times a day for 20 minutes before eating. In especially severe cases, you can take 1 small glass( about 2 tablespoons).This same tincture can rub the sore spots, and you can make an ointment. For an ointment as a basis, you can take unsalted butter, lard( interior), vegetable oil. Melt the base on a water bath, adding gradually a powder of rhizomes of the sabernik with the Kalgan. In this case, the ointment is continuously rubbed with a wooden spoon until a homogeneous mass is formed. Stir is necessary only in one direction, so that the ointment does not exfoliate. Warm up the ointment in painful places( back, neck, knees, shoulders, swollen fingers or toes).The course of treatment is 1 month, then make a 10-day break and repeat treatment. Make 2-3 such a course.
Horseradish combats for joint diseases
For joint diseases and radiculitis, horseradish compresses help. To do this, horseradish grate on a fine grater, put on gauze and attach to a painful place. Tie with polyethylene and a warm scarf. Keep as much as you can withstand, becauseafter a while burning begins. Then remove the compress, lubricate the skin with baby cream, so that there is no irritation, or burn. Instead of grated horseradish root, fresh leaves of this plant can be applied.
Coniferous baths will relieve joint pain
Arthritis is well helped by coniferous baths. Prepare pine needles, pine, fir, cedar along with small twigs. Mix everything, not counting, how much, and if necessary, prepare from this pine needles: a couple of handfuls of boiling water and let it brew. In cooled degrees to 40 infusion, lower the patient joints for half an hour. Then wrap them warmer and lie down for an hour in bed, it's mandatory. Repeat the bath after 2 days, the course is 7-10 baths. The pain subsides, and it becomes easier to move.
In diseases of joints, such recipes are very helpful:
- 100 g of burdock roots, grind, pour 0.5 l of vodka, let it brew in a dark place for 2 weeks, shaking periodically. Rub into sore spots. You can make a compress made from fresh burdock leaves. Lightly beat them with a wooden mallet or rolling pin and attach the fluffy side to the aching joint or loin, cover with parchment paper and wrap with a woolen shawl. The compress should be changed every 2 hours.- When you need to take off the pain, but there is no herb at hand, soak a rag in a tincture of valerian( a drug) and apply it to the place where it hurts the most. Change the compress 2-3 times a day.- In the autumn, collect the branches of the dog rose, cut them and dry them.2 tbsp.l.raw pour a glass of boiling water, cook for 5 minutes, let it brew, wrapped, 20 minutes, drain. Take with radiculitis and joint diseases a glass 20 minutes before meals 3 times a day
A mixture of pain in joints
Mix 1 tsp.bodjagi and melted butter. The resulting ointment should be rubbed before going to sleep in the affected joint, then wrapped warmer.
In joint diseases, you can try this recipe
Skip through a meat grinder 200 g of garlic and 0.5 kg of cranberries. Mix and put on the day. Then add 1 kg of honey to the mixture. Take a teaspoon 3 times a day for half an hour before meals. From this mixture it is also possible to compress the joints for the night
A mixture with triple cologne treats the joints
This recipe helps to replace a lot of expensive medicines for the treatment of joints. To do this, mix 50 ml of ammonia, 250 ml.triple cologne and 25 ml of iodine. Keep container closed in a dark cool place. This mixture is rubbed into the diseased joints. The recipe is very effective, tested in practice.
Ointment for joints
Do you suffer from osteochondrosis or arthritis? It's time to say goodbye to them! To remove inflammation and pain, to repair joint tissues, to prevent relapses of the disease, biologically active components of one ointment that you can prepare with your own hands will help. Melt 200 g of plum oil, add 1 tsp.dry herbs of thyme and martini, fragrant, 2 tsp.crushed into a powder of a bark of a willow, on 1/2 ch. l.powder from dry leaves of juniper and hop cones. On a small fire, soak for 5 minutes. Then 2 hours in the oven at 50 °.The resulting ointment after cooling, put in a glass jar and store in the refrigerator. And it should be applied 2 times a day. Apply ointment should be soft massaging movements on the area of the problematic joints or spine. Ointment improves blood circulation. A rush of blood to the place of application of the ointment contributes to the enhancement of metabolic processes in the tissues of the joints or vertebrae, as well as to reflex pain relief. If we talk about martini fragrant, then it has such substances that have anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic and analgesic effect. But if you did not manage to find this plant, do not worry, the other green healers mentioned above will do their job perfectly. The bark of the white willow has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and tonic effect. It well reduces the severity of the pain syndrome, reduces swelling. And extracts of juniper and hop have a capillary-strengthening effect, improve microcirculation in tissues, promote the dissolution of salt deposits. In addition, they relieve muscular and nervous tension. The aroma of this ointment is extraordinary - gentle, enveloping! But most importantly, it is a storehouse of useful substances that allow to stop degenerative processes in the joints, vertebrae. The bone system is the foundation of our body. Let's make it stronger!
Baths from gout
1 tsp.copper sulphate dissolve in 10 liters of warm( about 50 degrees) water and lower the legs into it for 20 minutes. After the procedure, wipe dry and grease with a nutritious cream or sour cream. Procedures are best done at night. The course is a month. But if the disease is started, then after a month's break, repeat the treatment. The result is simply amazing.
Narcissus lozenge will relieve joint pain
Narcissus bulbs are used to treat joints. Rub the onion on a small grater, add rye flour or a handful of rice porridge on the water( just enough so that you can "knead the dough" and roll out the cake).Attach it to the aching joint, cover with polyethylene and wrap it with a woolen scarf. Keep the compress no more than two hours, so that there is no burn. As soon as there is a burning sensation( sometimes the fraction of narcissus mush is more), immediately remove. After the procedure, wash the joint with warm water. Make five compresses every other day. For this time the pain will pass. By the way, narcissus is considered a poisonous plant, so after working with a tuber you need to thoroughly wash your hands with soap.
Ointment for the treatment of joints
Melt in a water bath until smooth, 2 tbsp.interior pork fat, wax, turpentine and 1 tbsp.fir oil. Cool, use for rubbing joints two or three times a day with arthritis and arthrosis and spine with osteochondrosis. Sick place must be insulated. The course is to improve the condition. The essential oils of the substances that make up the drug stimulate the nerve receptors, expand the capillaries and relieve the inflammatory processes. For prevention, it is enough to apply the ointment only for the night. If you add to the composition five to ten drops of ammonia, the ointment will expand its "horizons": it can rub the chest with a cough. Store the "product" in the refrigerator.
Joints heals ficus
prescription means, with which you can treat sick joints. For its preparation, 4 large ficus leaves need to be torn into small pieces( it is better not to use a knife or scissors, since all the most useful substances will remain on the metal) and pour over to the top with vodka or alcohol in a half-liter glass jar. In this tincture, you should also add 10 powdered tablets of analgin and mix everything thoroughly so that the analgin dissolves. Infuse the drug in a dark cool place for 10-12 days, shaking daily. After that, you can rub the joints for the night, and problems with them will never be.
Two very good prescription for the treatment of joint pains
1. Grind 50 g of incense into a powder( buy it in the church), add 50 ml of apple cider vinegar and mix. Add 100 ml of lemon juice and mix again. Insist 24 hours and use as directed. Rubbing the joint, wipe the sore spot with a warm scarf. After three or four procedures, the pain goes away for a long time.2. Mix 200 ml of vodka, 10 ml of camphor alcohol and iodine, 10 crushed, powdered tablets of analgin, 1 tsp.powder and water and melted butter. The resulting composition rubbed sore spots.
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