How to cure flat feet?
Diagnosis "flat feet" means deformation of the shape of the foot and changing its rise. The foot becomes as if lowered in the longitudinal and transverse arches. The methods of treating flat feet are very different, from folk remedies to surgical intervention. However, one must remember: it is better to slow down the development of this disease, than it is too late to start its radical treatment.The causes of flatfoot
It is believed that flat feet to date, more than 50% of women and men suffer. Such a large number of people with flat feet explain the deformation of the foot during life because of the shoes we wear, excessive loads, etc. High heels and narrow noses of shoes often become factors in the development of flatfoot. A long standing on the legs in men, overweight can also lead to the development of this disease.
Flat-footedness is congenital. Most often, it occurs because of the lack of connective tissue in the development of the baby, which can also affect the functioning of the heart, the state of vision. However, both congenital and acquired flatfoot need to be fought until it leads to changes and diseases of the entire musculoskeletal system.
Surgical treatment of flatfoot is necessary in extreme situations and with a neglected form. This is a rather complicated operation, which does not always have a guaranteed result.
Treatment of flatfoot at home
In order to find a way how to flatten a flatfoot, it is necessary to recognize it in time. Children from the first years of life are examined by an orthopedic surgeon and, if flat feet are detected, regular and systematic treatment. Adult people should also carefully monitor the condition of the foot. If you feel constant pain and excessive fatigue when walking or see a deformity of the foot, it is better to immediately consult a specialist.
If flat feet can be cured by conservative methods in childhood, while constantly engaged, then for an adult such exercises will only help stop the development of the disease.
Massage for the treatment of flat feet
Massage stimulates the flow of blood, and also leads to tonus all the muscles of the foot. For the treatment of congenital flat feet in children, massage is extremely popular and effective. The doctor massages not only completely from the heel to the toes, but also the shin towards the foot. When massage the doctor kneads the foot, rubs it, strokes it. Massage is perhaps the most pleasant way to treat flat feet. Therefore, in no case do not neglect it.
Physical exercises with flatfoot
Effective flatfoot treatment also includes a number of exercises, the secret of which is that they need to be performed daily. It is enough to spend 10-20 minutes every morning and every evening. Among the exercises for the treatment of flatfoot, there are:
- walking on the toes for 10 minutes;
- foot workout and rolling a thick rolling pin from toe to heel for 10 minutes;
- sanding of sand with toes from one container to another.
Treatment of platypodia with folk remedies
In the treatment of flatfoot, naturalfoot stimulation is recommended: walk barefoot on grass, pebbles, and earth as much as possible. At home, use massage mats on which you can stand or do rides from the heel to the toe while washing dishes or brushing your teeth.
For children is also very recommended swimming. It is not necessary to let the child out into the open sea, you can use an inflatable pool for the baby: it's enough that he does the stumbling with his foot while bathing.
If you are going on vacation or in a village, allow the child and yourself to walk barefoot on pebbles, logs, wet grass, climb up the hills and descend from them. Thus, you not only strengthen the foot muscles, but also enjoy. Often used foot baths on decoction of the bark of oak or peppermint.
Treatment of flat feet in children
Flat feet( longitudinal and transverse) in children worried about modern parents almost from the first step made by the baby. As a rule, treatment is prescribed if the flat foot persists for up to 5 years or more.
Age characteristic or pathology?
Approximately 3-13% of children face flat feet at a young age. In fact, this condition is physiological up to 8-9 years. If the arch disappears in the standing position and appears when climbing on socks or sitting, then it is a question of flexible flat feet. Dr. Komarovsky in his advice to young mothers tells that in children of 1 year with a strong desire, any specialist will find a flattening of the foot, as this corresponds to the normal maturation of the limb.
Attention should be paid to children who have a hereditary predisposition to foot diseases, as well as the appearance of scoliosis, clubfoot and gait disturbances. Congenital dislocation of the hip, muscular dysplasia can provoke overstrain and bending of the foot. Children with established diagnoses are observed additionally.
Injuries to the feet, rickets, congenital weakness of the muscles form the prerequisites for flat feet. Detects a surgeon's disease before the year, but after 2 years, the strengthening of bones and ligaments continues, and should be supervised by a specialist.
The question of whether the disease is treated in children - is decided depending on the orthopedist's diagnosis. There are the following types of foot deformities:
- Flexible, painless flat feet does not require urgent measures. Orthopedic insertions can aggravate the situation on the contrary. Flexible platypodia is considered pathological in pain in the foot, and the formation of calluses and uneven wear of shoes are indications for treatment.
- Fixed flat feet - the basis for buying orthopedic shoes to prevent pain. It is recommended to prevent overweight and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Worries about how to cure a child, it is necessary for discomfort or pronounced signs:
- Strong stomping of the heel on one side.
- Visible changes in the gait.
The child can refuse to walk and run, not to participate in games that require a lot of stress on his legs. When complaining of pain, you should consult an orthopedist.
How do pediatricians diagnose?
Having looked at the leg with the naked eye, an experienced orthopedist is able to reveal flat feet. He watches the movement of the foot during walking, sitting, standing or doing exercises, and also examines the child's shoes and the specifics of wear.
In severe cases, you will need to make an X-ray to determine the degree of deformation. The doctor directs to examine the knees and hips of the child from the surgeon in order to exclude the influence of other limb flaws on the shape of the foot.
When is treatment required?
Most of the children outgrow the problem, and the doctor will advise you to come for follow-up visits. To reduce pain, insoles, inserts and orthopedic shoes are used, which is prescribed by a specialist.
Operations are rarely performed until the skeleton is fully formed. At this age, plastic tendons do not work. Subtalar arthritis for the formation of the arch is performed only with the intensifying nature of pain, since a side effect may be degenerative arthritis in the future.
Prevention - the best treatment
Concerns about how to treat flat feet in children, is dispelled by the doctor's answer - to strengthen the muscles of the legs. In case of obvious deformation, the complex of exercise therapy should be developed by the instructor and carried out under his guidance.
However, a few simple tips can be recommended to every adult to protect the child:
- To do with infancy is easy foot massage from flat feet.
- Issue a child to walk on pebbles, sand, grass or purchase a special mat that provides massage and helps the foot to develop properly.
- Buy shoes from leather, with a small heel and a hard back.
- Place at home a sports corner for outdoor games.
- Buy a baby bike, write down for swimming.
Children with diagnosed flat feet are strictly forbidden to skate, attend ballet and engage in weightlifting.
It is worthwhile to act actively at an early age, so that anxiety about how to cure a disease in adolescents was not belated.
Home gymnastics from flat feet - the main way to strengthen the legs:
- Breeding of toes on the legs while sitting, standing or lying down. Hold the maximum dilution point for 10 seconds, repeat the exercise 10 times.
- Point out things in the room with your toes. Select the object, point the fingers of the elongated leg, bend the knee and hold on for 5 seconds. Draw letters of the alphabet with each foot.
- Walk on the socks for 5 minutes every day, trying not to touch the floor with heels. You can use a treadmill.
- Walking on the outside of the feet. Get up barefoot on the floor or carpet, put your feet on the width of your shoulders, slightly bend at the knees. Roll the body weight onto the outer edges of the foot and slowly climb to the socks, feeling the tension of the entire longitudinal arch. Hold for 5 seconds and repeat 5 times a day.
- Walking on sand barefoot. This allows the legs to adapt to the loads and strengthen.
Is it possible to fix a defect in adolescence?
Increasingly, there are questions about how to treat flat feet in adolescents, when the process is started and cascade anomalies have appeared: ankle, knees, hip joints. To the surgeon lead the child in occasion of a curvature of a backbone or a basin, and learn about deformation of foot.
The sooner the prevention becomes, the more noticeable the effect will be. Up to 12-13 years, the deformation of the feet is correctable. Dangerous flat feet in that the poor cushioning function of the plantar arch leads to rapid deterioration of the spine, osteochondrosis, and this affects the work of internal organs.
Further treatment of flat feet in adolescents is the use of instep arresters and surgical intervention for significant pain.
The task of parents is to catch the ailment at a stage when correction is still permissible. Therefore, visits to the orthopedist should not be "for a tick", and physical activity should be allowed into the life of the child from the kindergarten.
How to treat flat feet in children at home
Only a doctor can give an accurate, justified diagnosis. To do this, he assigns the child a planography. During this study, the person's feet are covered with a special remedy and are asked to stand on blank sheets of paper. On this fingerprint, the diagnosis of flatfoot is identified and treatment is prescribed. Such a survey provides informative indicators in adults. In the study of children, mistakes may occur due to the incomplete formation of the foot. Therefore, the younger the child, the more flat the print will be. The final diagnosis is set by the orthopedic physician.
Flat feet of any degree should be treated, or rather, take steps to properly form the foot. It is very important to visit the orthopedist for about a year. During this period of life, you can establish whether the child has a tendency to flat feet.
Symptoms of flat feet:
- When walking, children attack the inside of the foot. This is very noticeable in their walk.
- Clumsy. It is manifested by the fact that when walking the socks the feet turn outward. It arises from the weakness of the muscles. That is, they can not hold the normal position of the foot and therefore it turns out. The normal position of the legs is determined by the parallelism of the two feet.
With flatfoot, even the initial degree the child can complain of pain in the foot when walking or running. Pain can be felt in the knee, shin, backbone. The gait is broken, its smoothness and lightness is lost. Children can avoid moving games.to contents ↑
Flat-footedness in the younger preschool age is no more than 3%.The congenital form of pathology is extremely rare. According to a number of researches and statistics of scientists, children are three times more likely to suffer from flat feet than those who constantly wear shoes. Exacerbates the pathology of the factor that shoes can be tight or "size with a margin."Therefore, for the prevention of the disease, it is very useful for babies to run barefoot. Natural conditions favor the normal development of the foot. Also, a large part in the formation of the foot is played by the load per foot. The risk of earning flat feet increases with low motor activity. This reason is relevant because modern children spend a lot of time with the tablet in their hands or in front of the TV at home. Such factors are classified as a sedentary lifestyle. This can trigger not only pathology of the feet, but also many other diseases. Also, the consequence of flat feet is a violation of normal posture.
When choosing children's shoes, you need to pay attention to a number of important requirements for its selection. Shoes should have a hard back, to fix the children's heel. The presence of the supinator is in the role of a compensator because of the lack of unevenness under the soles when walking. In children's shoes must be a small heel( 0.5 cm).It is not recommended to wear out someone's shoes, since it is already deformed and can spoil the baby's leg. Also, loose shoes will contribute to the uneven distribution of the load on the foot.
A full-fledged healthy diet plays an important role in the growth and proper formation of the foot. The body should receive a sufficient amount of calcium, phosphorus and vitamins. The growing body is useful for walking barefoot, massages of feet, an alternative to which can make use of a special massage mat. It can be made at home from plastic caps from bottles, chestnuts or pebbles. Walking on such a massage mat perfectly stimulates the feet and active points on them. This will have a beneficial effect on the whole body. It is also a replacement for walks on natural irregularities( sand, pebbles).In nature, you can leave the baby's legs in the socks. After all, the effect gives the foot touching the surface. The main condition is the lack of shoes on the legs. At home, you can pour dry peas on the floor and ask the baby to walk along it. This serves as a good prophylaxis for the development of flat feet in children.to table of contents ↑
Fighting the disease
How to treat flat feet in children? In childhood, longitudinal flat feet of varying degrees are common. It can be cured without surgery. If the disease is congenital, then it is necessary to start treating the disease as early as possible. For these purposes, plastering of limbs or wearing langets( special tires on the leg of reusable use) are used.
The disease can not be started. Consultation of the doctor will prompt the optimal solution of the pathology. If the process is started, a transverse can join the longitudinal flatfoot. This degree of disease will be more difficult to cure. Treatment of longitudinal flat feet is aimed at strengthening bone tissue, muscles and ligaments. Then the foot itself will return to normal. For this purpose, children are prescribed a course of therapeutic massage and special gymnastics. At the heart of the treatment are special physical exercises aimed at improving the state of muscle tone.
Foot massage with flat feet of any degree makes it possible to improve blood circulation in the feet. You can do it yourself at home. Timely prevention will help to get rid of the adverse effects of pathology.
Many people recklessly refer to minor flaws, not counting it as a disease. At the same time, developing flat feet can not only cause pain and discomfort, but also provoke the appearance of other diseases. There are longitudinal and transverse flatfoot, differing in the direction of changes in the geometry of the foot, its "flattening".
Causes of flatfoot
Symptoms and methods of treatment are almost independent of the causes of flatfoot. At the same time it is important to know, because of what such a defect can develop, in order to take preventive measures in time.
Static flatfoot can be called a modern disease, because its reasons include a small physical activity, uncomfortable high-heeled shoes, overweight. Summarizing all these factors, we can say that the most common( more than 80% of cases) type of flatfoot is associated with lethargy, atrophy and weakness of muscles and leg ligaments.
Flattening is a fairly common consequence of injuries to the ankles, ankles and other leg injuries. Flat feet can be caused by deformation of the tissues fixing the arches of the feet, or be the result of improper treatment of trauma, violation of the rehabilitation regime after trauma.
Flattening as a consequence of the transferred diseases
Some diseases that disrupt the work and development of muscles, bone apparatus and ligaments, can cause flat feet.
- Paralytic platypodia. Among the frequent consequences of poliomyelitis - paralysis of muscle tissue sites. In cases where the pathology extends to the tibial muscles or the muscles of the foot, paralysis causes a paralytic flat foot( paralytic flat foot).
- Ricky flatfoot. The weakening of the bone system during rickets inevitably affects the development of muscle tissue and connective tissue. The combination of these phenomena often leads to deformation of the feet and rachitic flat feet.
Congenital flat feet are extremely rare - about 3% of all known cases of the disease. Among other things, this is explained by the complexity of the diagnosis of flatfoot in newborns - up to 4-5 years, children's feet are equipped with fat pads, which do not allow to get a full demonstration impression of the foot.
Imprints of cream-stained or staining foot prints are one of the simplest and most common methods of determining the presence and degree of flatfoot. The second effective method is an X-ray, which is not recommended for small children without emergency. In addition, the discomfort and pain caused by flatfoot, the newborn baby can not experience.
The cause of fetal flat-footed development may be imbalance in the diet of a pregnant woman, which does not allow the full development of connective tissue in the child's body. In addition, the cause of congenital platypodia can become diseases that have been transferred during pregnancy.
Typical features of flatfoot 2 degreesIf flat feet of the first degree is practically asymptomatic and can be detected only with an X-ray or by indirect evidence, then the disease developed to the second degree should be urgently treated. It is important to consult a specialist orthopedist who will put an accurate diagnosis and recommend the most effective technique. The reasons for the emergency treatment of flatfoot 2 degrees are somewhat:
- It is at this stage of flatfoot that painful sensations appear in the legs and lower back. In some cases, flat feet can be the cause of headaches.
- With flat feet of the second degree, visually noticeable leg defects appear: an increase in size, deformation. In addition, flat feet can provoke curvature of toes, formation of callous growths, ingrowth of nails.
- Flat feet of the second degree can spoil the gait and posture, there is clubfoot, uncertainty when walking.
- It is at the second stage that the flatfoot progresses most intensively, therefore, having missed the moment, it will be necessary to deal with a flat-footed third degree and more serious disorders.
Treatment of flatfoot of the second degree
To cure a flat foot 2 degrees, at first glance, it is not difficult. Unfortunately, not all have the patience to follow the doctor's recommendations without interruptions. The complexity of treatment lies in its duration, however, it is precisely this that guarantees that the painful sensations and external manifestations of the disease will remain in the past.
Massage for the treatment of platypodia
Massage and self-massage of the feet is an effective and effective way to restore normal circulation of the legs in the shortest time, which will help restore muscles and ligaments. Special massage movements are able to stimulate muscle tissue, restoring its functionality
Combating flat feet with water procedures
Contrasting baths are also capable of restoring blood circulation and metabolic processes in the tissues of the legs. Contraindications to such procedures are cardiovascular diseases and hypertension.
How to cure a flat foot 2 degrees of gymnastics?
As a home gymnastics for the treatment of flat feet can also be the usual walking barefoot. It is best to restore feet walking on uneven surfaces( sand, pebbles, a special massage mat).Effective exercises are the kicking of balls of various sizes, picking up small objects with your toes. Walking on socks and on the heels, stretching socks, circular movements of feet, flexion and extension of legs in the ankles are also aimed at combating flatfoot.
Best if home gymnastics is an addition to the complex of exercises recommended by the orthopedist. The specialists determine the most effective movements and calculate the load based on the patient's individual data: age, weight, general health, etc.
style = "display: inline-block; width: 580px; height: 400px"
how to cureflatfoot
Flat feet are treated only up to 20years, then it is more difficult to cope with this ailment. On the floor, put a wooden rolling-pin and sit in front of the TV or computer just roll it with stops from the fingertips, to the middle of the heel. It is possible to make barriers semicircular and so to walk on them with bare feet. But, you're a guy, it's easier for you in that sense-ARMY FOREVER! .Yes, you can order orthopedic shoes, very helps. I wish you success!
I know that there are special insoles
is it possible to cure flatfoot? ???The first time I hear this.
You need to wear a special shoes and be sure to consult with orthopedists, do not hurt. ..
Why should he be treated, you'll slough off the army:)
And so there are insoles special, in the hospital you will be offered, go to the doctor.
It's better to walk barefoot, this is shown for walking in nature and to start as soon as you master walking, that is, stop crawling. I mean from an infant age. Then the result will be.
They say that you need to walk on pebbles and forest lumps, but it's a bit sick. Descend or go to the orthopedist, he will register to you insoles-arch supports. Good luck. ..
is a simple exercise that should be done as often as possible.
take a few pieces of small things( erasers, larger buttons, details of the children's designer "lego") put them on the floor, then take one finger of one foot and shift to the other side from yourself.then the same with the other leg. It is necessary to compress your toes more often in a fist.
you can buy special insoles "orthopedic".it is possible to roll soles of feet on a round stick or special massagers.they are sold in pharmacies. Flatfoot is not difficult to cure if there is a desire.
Flat-footedness is a disease of a lifetime. Complete cure of flat feet is possible only in childhood. In adults, with the help of special rehabilitation measures, the development of the disease can only be slowed down, preventing it from developing in more severe pathologies.
Treatment should be aimed at strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the foot to stop the progression of deformation and prevent the development of complications.
The basis of treatment is a special therapeutic gymnastics, which must be carried out at home daily.
There are various special exercises. When choosing exercises, the form, position of the foot, complaints, age are taken into account. To choose concrete exercises, their intensity, the orthopedist will help you.
How to get rid of flat feet at home?
With a severe degree of flatfoot and with heavy loads on the legs, unfortunately, adolescents and adults will often get aching legs, and even the head of
Because with flatfoot sharply decreases depreciation and there is a strong overload of the spinal cord and brain
With flat feet the spine suffers.
It is more difficult for women to give birth to a healthy child
Often on the feet, the so-called "bones"
begin to grow( therefore girls should not abuse high-heeled shoes before 17-18 years)
Treatment must necessarily include
- Massage with an experienced masseur
- LFK(thrust and daily)
( to look like heels, on toes, on the outside and inside of the foot)
A very important exercise to bend-unbend fingers( as if into a fist)
Roll-bottle-tube with pressure
And not only inol, but also across!
Massage mat( toddle)
- If there is already a flatfoot, you may need the Supinators.(But, better done specially for you or at least matched for you)
and it is very ambiguous whether they should always be worn. It's like glasses.
I have goggles, and then you can not remove it-it may be more expedient to use the time for TRAINING the stops by walking without the insteps or in other insteps.
. You can also see my site about the treatment of flatfoot and "bones"
( blanks in hallus-valgus.. ru)
For prevention it is very important to walk barefoot, but not on the floor, not on asphalt, but on uneven surfaces( pebbles, cones, grass).
For physical education and sports it is advisable to buy good sneakers, and not run with bad sneakers or casual"Chuvaki".
For sure you are interested, but how objectively you measure the flat foot
Here is the answer to this questionhttp: //otvet.mail.ru/question/63121079/
There in detail about many methods + photo
If there are questions, write personally
Physician LFK will show exercises on a massager for feet, with a ball and a stick. Will do at home.
Lift your toes with small objects, walk on heels, on toes, on the outside of the foot. In general, you have a great opportunity to avoid the army, they do not take them to the army with the second degree.
and I stood on the dumbbells of 4 kg and it all went away. ..the doctor advised to stand on the bottles, I did not dare.but why get rid of flat feet?with him in the army but do not take. ..
Walking on pebbles.
Or on a special mat.
it is necessary to strengthen stops to all the above listed tips
I recommend to ride a bicycle without pedals( only pins remain)
the more the merrier, to be engaged in boxing there constantly it is necessary to move on socks, to avoid wearing shoes like flip-flops, to change gait
wellfoot at first on the outside and then on the toe
that is it is necessary to be engaged and to be engaged to strengthen a foot myself I have lived a life with this illness since the childhood( there was a heavy form even forced to wear orthopedic footwear)