Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis: how does it work?
Physiotherapy as a method of treatment has been around for a long time, because it allows you to deliver the medicine in the right area quickly and without pain. Exposure to physiotherapy is exclusively on the affected area( without affecting the entire body), it has no side effects, does not cause allergic reactions and is shown to patients of very different ages and physical states. That is why physiotherapy for osteochondrosis is a popular, although not the main, method of treatment.
Physiotherapy allows to accelerate the healing process 1.5 - 2 times and suspend the development of the chronic disease
For what and how physiotherapy is carried out
The essence of physiotherapy is the effect on the body of various physical factors - heat, cold, electric and magnetic fields, various radiations, mechanicalimpact.
In osteochondrosis, physiotherapy is prescribed in order to stimulate the body's recovery processes and help to remove painful symptoms. The procedure is aimed at:
- pain relief;
- elimination of signs of inflammation;
- relaxation of spasmodic muscles;
- recovery of blood microcirculation in the affected area;
- release of pinched nerve roots;
- normalization of metabolism in the lesion focus.
From the general beneficial effect of physiotherapy on the body can be noted:
strengthening of immunity;
stimulation of the cardiovascular system and motor activity;
reduced the need for medications and reduced the duration of treatment.
There are many kinds of physiotherapy procedures prescribed for osteochondrosis. Usually they are used in a complex, but depending on the degree of the disease, the general condition of the patient and the presence of contraindications, the doctor can prescribe only one kind of physiotherapy.
Contraindications for physiotherapy:
- oncological diseases;
- general body condition;
- phase of active exacerbation of osteochondrosis;
- severe disorders of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, liver and kidneys;
- acute mental disorders;
- skin lesions in the affected area.
There are also narrower indications and contraindications for each specific type of procedure.
Types of physiotherapy for osteochondrosis
Treatment is carried out by means of an electric current, a field. This method warms tissues, improves blood circulation and metabolic processes in them. Procedures effectively relieve pain. In addition, with the help of an electric field, drugs can be delivered directly to the source of the disease. For example, physiotherapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical region will affect only the neck area.
Types of electrophysiotherapy:
Electropuncture - irritation with weak electric current of the points of exit of roots of vertebral nerves. The method is good for relieving pain and relaxing the muscles.
Diadynamic current - heating by currents of different frequencies. Quickly relieves pain and cramps.
Interference is the rhythmic action of a multi-frequency electric field. Effectively relieves acute pain.
CMT therapy - treatment with sinusoidal modulated currents. Has analgesic effect and relaxes muscles.
Drug electrophoresis - delivery of medicines directly to the source of the disease.
Ultraviolet irradiation( quartz) promotes the production of vitamin D( necessary for the assimilation of calcium), warms up, relieves inflammation and pain, stimulates immunity.
The effect of helium-neon laser on the areas of the outlets of the vertebral nerve roots removes pain, inflammation, spasms, activates the regenerative processes.
Method of traction of the spine on special devices under the influence of the patient's body weight.
Application of low-frequency electromagnetic field has a positive effect on blood circulation in the affected area.
Exposure to ultrasound waves reduces inflammation and pain.
In addition to these methods, there are other types of physiotherapy of osteochondrosis. Each of them is good in its own way, however, the body of each person reacts to the procedures in different ways, so a universal way that would be good for everyone simply does not exist. And the most suitable methods for you are those appointed by your doctor.
Hardware methods for osteochondrosis: physiotherapy and physiotherapyTo date, the pathogenesis of such a disease as osteochondrosis has been well studied. Despite this, treatment of osteochondrosis presents a number of problems. Traditionally, the disease is treated medication , with the use of various drugs, relaxing muscles and neutralizing spasms, causing pain.
As a rule, after the end of the medication, pains can return , often with renewed vigor. This is due to the fact that the drugs only stop the pain, but do not treat the original problem, the state of the back muscles, the intervertebral disks remains the same, that invariably leads to a new wave of the disease.
For the treatment of cervical, thoracic, lumbar and other types of osteochondrosis, various hardware treatment methods for have long been used.
About what to do if you have a lordosis of the cervical spine in this article.
First aid for the treatment of the compression spine is described here. It is better to prepare for such misfortunes in advance.
Physiotherapy with osteochondrosis
Physiotherapy is a fairly effective and widely used method for the treatment of the spine. Treat various physicians with physiotherapy, including osteochondrosis .The method has many advantages.
Physiotherapist acts selectively on the outbreak, neighboring organs and tissues are not affected, and therefore there will be no negative result. This factor is very important when applying the method of physiotherapy for the treatment of children and people of advanced age. The organism of these patients is quite vulnerable to other types of treatment.
The benefits of physiotherapeutic procedures
- Physiotherapy procedures can be an excellent complement to treatment or act as a separate treatment for diseases that are poorly treated with by traditional methods of .
- Physiotherapy is not capable of causing a sharp exacerbation of chronic diseases , which may be present in the patient. With the use of conventional drugs, it is very difficult to guarantee.
- Physiotherapy normalizes metabolic processes in the human body, increases immunity, improves the general condition of the body and its individual organs and systems. To achieve health improvement is possible with the help of beneficial properties, transformed form of energy: mechanical and electrical, as well as the use of a number of natural factors( light, water, climate, mud).
Types of physiotherapy:
- Detensor therapy
- Laser therapy
- Shock wave therapy
- Vibration effect
- Physiotherapy at home
Laser therapy is an effective treatment that reduces to the effects of light on the body. Laser therapy has anti-inflammatory and healing properties. Laser therapy reduces pain. This method of treatment appeared in Russia in the 80's and immediately gained wide popularity.In neurology, the procedure is used to combat neuralgia, neuritis, polyneuropathy, migraine and osteochondrosis.
The advantages of laser therapy are mass, the main plus is the lack of medicines. The laser activates the natural strength of the body. The body fights not only with a particular disease, but with all the common pathologies.
Laser therapy is performed on an outpatient basis, the patient will not need to change his schedule .Contraindications to the use of laser therapy: tumors, a number of blood diseases. When pregnancy is also laser therapy is not recommended.
Detensor therapy is an effective method of treating a number of diseases, the essence of the method is to stretch the spine when exposed to the weight of the human body. The spine is stretched by means of a special mat.
Mat "Detensor" is a special system of elastic ribs, which are located at different angles to the surface of the body. Under the weight of the human body, when properly folded, these elastic ribs create the effect of stretching the spine.
How does the method work? Horizontal traction for a certain amount of time can relax the muscles and relieve spasms, as well as the pain they cause. Therapy normalizes muscle tone, the muscles supporting the spine are restored, their work is greatly improved.
This "unloading" of the spine and muscle relaxation allows the to eliminate vertical compression of the vertebral discs, it is possible to better circulate blood and supply this area with nutrients.
Detensor therapy allows you to treat pain in acute and chronic diseases of the spine, migraine and headache, is widely used in the treatment and prevention of osteochondrosis.There are practically no contraindications to the use, the method can be used even in old age.
In each case, the traction force is individual, because it depends on the patient's body weight. Detensor therapy eliminates the risk of injury, which is inevitable when using other techniques for stretching.
Electrotherapy uses currents and electric fields. This method eliminates discomfort and pain that can occur at any stage of the disease, the method will also shorten the period of treatment of osteochondrosis.
The method, which consists in the transmission of energy acoustic wave to the affected area, is called shockwave therapy. Shockwave therapy will eliminate pain, improve microcirculation, have a beneficial effect on the metabolic processes of the body, accelerate the regenerative process.
This method of treatment uses the influence of the magnetic field on the patient's body. In this case, a bioelectric field appears in the tissues, which stimulates all processes at the cellular level.
"Bathing treatment" or balneotherapy includes special methods of application of mud , as well as mineral water , applied locally or simply as a common shower or bath.Gases dissolved in mineral waters have a special beneficial effect on the body.
They penetrate the skin and other mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract into cells and tissues, affecting the receptors of blood vessels, internal organs, and also to the nerve centers of the body through the blood.
Balneotherapy is effectively used to treat osteochondrosis.
A variety of physiotherapy, exposure to the body by mechanical vibrations: ultrasound, general vibrating massage, zonal, and point vibration massage.
It's no secret that when exposed to ultraviolet rays, vitamin D is synthesized in our skin. This vitamin, including, helps to assimilate calcium.
UFD is carried out with the help of special irradiators with bactericidal and anti-inflammatory action. In cervical osteochondrosis, physiotherapeutic ultraviolet procedures are used locally on the posterior surface of the neck, on the shoulder blades in the upper part, on the outer surface of the shoulder and in the subclavian area.
The effect is produced in the sternum region on the middle line of the spine with chest osteochondrosis.on the lumbosacral and gluteal region, the posterior surface of the thighs and shins are affected by lumbar osteochondrosis.Before prescribing the UFO procedure, the sensitivity of the patient to the rays in small doses should be checked.
Physiotherapy at home
To perform physiotherapy at home, there is a huge number of various portable devices, they are easy to buy in pharmacies and stores. They can be applied in addition to the main methods of treatment after consultation with the attending physician.
In the case of osteochondrosis, treatment by physiotherapy methods should be prescribed by the attending physician. After the examination, the doctor must appoint the necessary kind of procedures or their complex. Paying attention to the general condition of the patient's body, he prescribes the type and duration of treatment.
Today, physiotherapy is at a sufficiently high level, so many physicians recommend using physiotherapy not only as a concomitant treatment, but also as the main treatment for osteochondrosis.
Physiotherapy with osteochondrosis
One of the most common diseases of our time is osteochondrosis. And once the "old" disease is affecting the majority of young people today. Physiotherapy with osteochondrosis is gaining increasing popularity, because with the help of a system of certain exercises and a variety of different methods can directly affect the focus of inflammation. Due to this, other tissues and organs remain untouched. In addition, if there are problems with drug treatment and side effects and the inadmissibility of using certain drugs, in this case there are practically no contraindications.
It should be remembered that the slightest signs of the appearance of osteochondrosis should provoke a person to immediately visit a specialist doctor. It is important to remember that treatment in the early stages of the disease is much easier and can completely eliminate the ailment. Moreover, the elimination of the disease can be achieved only through physiotherapy without medicamental influence.
With the help of physiotherapy, pain syndromes can be eliminated, since during this procedure the tension is removed from the muscles. Also, in the process of treatment, it is possible to restore motor abilities to atrophied muscles, while improving blood microcirculation. It is worth mentioning that the inflammation and edema of the affected area practically fades away as a result of using this method of treatment. Another feature of physiotherapy is the possibility of its use at all stages of the disease, except for a severe exacerbation.
Species of physiotherapy
Physiotherapy of the osteochondrosis of the spine is an integral part of the treatment, thanks to which it is possible to alleviate the patient's condition and direct the course of the disease in a positive way. The use of this method of treatment can significantly reduce the intake of various medications, which has a beneficial effect on the body. In this case, the possibility of the appearance of an allergic reaction and, accompanying the reception of medical side effects, is significantly reduced.
It should be noted that physiotherapy allows:
- Restore immunity.
- Restore organs.
- Recover the metabolism.
- Eliminate the pain.
- Strengthen blood circulation.
- Restore motor functions.
- Restore neurohumoral functions.
- Remove puffiness.
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis, depending on the phase of the disease, can be performed as an independent treatment, or be included in a set of procedures. The healing effect of physiotherapy is achieved through the use of mechanical and electrical energy, as well as simple natural factors such as water or dirt, light.
There are 8 types of physiotherapy:
- laser therapy;
- ultraviolet irradiation;
- shock wave;
- detensor therapy.
UV and laser therapy
The use of ultraviolet radiation is necessary for the production of the necessary vitamin D in the body of a patient. With this vitamin, calcium is simply digested. Implementation of this type of therapy occurs through special irradiators, the main properties of which are confrontation with inflammatory processes, the provision of bactericidal action and the reduction of pain syndrome.
UFO can be used for all types of osteochondrosis. So, physiotherapy with lumbar osteochondrosis, first of all, affects the buttocks, at the same time it seizes the thighs and shins, and, of course, touches the lower back and the sacrum. With cervical osteochondrosis, the therapeutic effect is on the neck surface from the back, subclavian area, patch area and shoulder girdle. It goes without saying that the area of application for chest disease refers directly to this site.
As you can see, physiotherapy uses currents for osteochondrosis quite often. What is the difference between the methods is in the following sections.
Physiotherapy of the osteochondrosis of the cervical region with the help of current strength and the electric field created by it can be applied in any, even the smallest hospital. The method is based on the formation of heat in tissues under the influence of electric current. Heat provokes an increase in local circulation, helping to relax the lesion.
Electrotherapy is the simplest method of distraction therapy in the framework of complex treatment. Its main achievement is the elimination of pain and the opportunity to continue the following measures to cure the patient.
The basic principle of such physiotherapy for cervical osteochondrosis is that the acoustic wave is transmitted to the painful part of the body. The undoubted advantages of shock wave therapy are the following factors:
- Dosage effect on the pathological focus.
- The ability to instantly monitor the response of tissues.
- Strictly controlled force of impact of shock wave therapy apparatus.
- Some devices, due to the built-in sensor, make it possible to diagnose the condition of the tissues before starting the procedure.
The complex of the conducted sessions gives an opportunity to restore microcirculation of blood and to activate metabolism.
The essence of the technique in alternating the strength of alternating and direct currents with the help of a low-frequency field. As a result of such physiotherapy with osteochondrosis, the use of currents allows:
- Provide oxygen to the affected area.
- Stimulate tissue regeneration.
- Reduce inflammation.
In the treatment, the physiotherapist has magnetic inductors in the affected areas. One session lasting at least 20 minutes assumes the use of a continuous magnetic field. Sessions must be held daily for three weeks.
This type of treatment is indicated for all stages, including chronic ones. In its framework, the following applications are advisable:
It is also possible to use radon, sulfur-hydrogen, thermal and other types of bathtubs.
With such therapy it is extremely important to withstand the temperature of the mud. If all recommendations are followed, stimulation of metabolism, as well as removal of inflammation, will occur.
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis, which gives a therapeutic effect by applying helium-neon lasers to the affected area. It is extremely important to qualify a specialist who conducts such therapy, since its method is based on the removal of inflammation from the spinal roots of the inflamed section.
For more than two minutes, do not apply to the affected area. The session itself should last about 15 minutes. With qualitatively conducted therapy it is possible to count on:
- Wound healing.
Detensor physiotherapy for cervical osteochondrosis is based on the use of the body's own body weight. Thanks to special mats with a special design of the ribs, the spinal traction effect is created, which makes it possible to relax the muscles, circulate the blood flow with the necessary force, and improve the general condition of the patient.
Duration of one procedure up to an hour. With severe pain, you can have sessions 3 to 4 times a day.
Ideally, if treatment with vibrotherapy is performed by a manual therapist. Only an experienced specialist can calculate the dosage of depression on zones painful on palpation. Manual physiotherapy with osteochondrosis of the cervical part implies mechanical impact on the affected areas with the help of a specialist or with the help of a vibro-massager.
Overdose can severely harm the patient. But in the case of a perfectly selected degree of depression in painful areas, one can count on:
Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis: types, contraindications and features of3. Neck department. A wide range of therapeutic manipulations is used for the treatment of this species. These include:
- Ultrasound procedures;
- Effects on affected areas by vibratory massagers;
- Laser Therapy;
- Electrophoresis. This procedure is used for the purpose of anesthesia by injecting novocaine into the body.
Indications of the use of physiotherapyPhysiotherapy Physiotherapy for osteochondrosis is prescribed to patients with the aim of stimulating the regeneration of the body and reducing the pain symptoms associated with the disease. The action of this medical method is directed to:
- Relaxation of muscles subjected to spasms;
- Normalization of blood circulation in the area affected by the disease;
- Anesthesia of the affected area;
- Delivering from the stiffened roots of nerve endings;
- Restoration of metabolism in the affected area.
Types of physiotherapy for osteochondrosis1. Electrophysiotherapy Electro-physiotherapy This involves treatment with electric current. In the process of such an effect, the tissue is heated on the body, it improves blood circulation and normalizes metabolic processes. This type of therapy is recognized as effective anesthesia. This method is distinguished by the ability, with its help, to deliver medicines for the healing of the inflammation focus directly to its area. There are several types of electrical form of physiotherapy:
- Electropuncture. The method of stimulation of points in which the roots of the vertebral nerves come out, by the action of electric current on them. It is used to relax the muscles and get rid of painful sensations.
- Dynamic current. Therapy for the rapid achievement of analgesia and the removal of spasms by heating with a different frequency current.
- CMT therapy. Represents a recovery under the action of sinusoidal modulated currents. Relieves of pain and relaxes spasmodic muscles.
- Interference. The effect on the affected area of an electric field of various frequencies.
- Electrophoresis. Enrichment of the body with useful components and medicines, by delivering them directly to the affected area.
Advantages of physiotherapeutic proceduresFirst, similar treatment methods can be used both in isolation for solving problems with the spine, and in conjunction with other procedures. Secondly, unlike traditional medicines, the named method of healing prevents the risk of exacerbation in patients of chronic diseases. Thirdly, physiotherapy normalizes all processes in the human body, increases the immunity of the patient, improves the health status in general.
Contraindications for physiotherapy proceduresDespite the popularity of treatment and the large number of advantages of this method, physiotherapy for osteochondrosis also has some contraindications:
- The general severe condition of the patient;
- Osteochondrosis in the active phase of exacerbation;
- ; Oncological diseases;
- Severe forms of disruption of the functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as problems with the liver and kidneys;
- Pregnancy period;
- Acute mental disorders;
- Lesion of the skin in the affected area.