Rheumatism of the legs: symptoms and treatment
Such a diagnosis as rheumatism of the lower extremities is by no means perceived by everyone as a serious health threat. Nevertheless, this disease can cause significant harm not only to the legs, but even the connective tissue of various organs, which makes it really dangerous.
Rheumatism of feet is dangerous
Rheumatism of the joints of the legs is a disease of the musculoskeletal system and is able to develop imperceptibly. But its consequences can be more than palpable. The very essence of the disease is reduced to the defeat of connective tissue in the joints themselves. In some cases, complications can cause damage to the internal organs. Many people are of the opinion that the rheumatism of the toes and the lower limbs as a whole is characteristic mainly for the elderly. In fact, this disease most often affects the joints of children from 7 to 15 years. Among the adult patients who are forced to treat rheumatism, approximately 80% have not reached the age of 40 years.
It should be noted that this disease is often called rheumatoid arthritis, or polyarthritis. This is due to the fact that the symptomatology in most cases has to do with the joints, although arthritis can affect the connective tissue of the cardiovascular system, internal organs and muscles. In some cases, even the nervous system of a person is affected by the pathological process.
Why does rheumatism occur
Often this disease manifests itself in those people whose relatives also had problems with joints. The risk of getting a lesion of connective tissue is high and in the owners of a rare protein of group B. Signs of rheumatism of the feet are often manifested in the case of their constant supercooling or frequent cases of infectious diseases. As another reason why you can hear such a diagnosis, it makes sense to consider a previous streptococcal infection. The bottom line is that the consequence of such a disease is inflammation of the connective tissue in various organs and joints including.
Studies have shown that rheumatism is manifested as the body's response to the process of infection with one of the beta-hemolytic streptococci belonging to group A. Precedence rheumatism may be such diseases as scarlet fever, tonsillitis, chronic pharyngitis, inflammation of the middle ear( tonsillitis) and others.
When streptococci is found in the human body, the response of the immune system is quite active, because this type of bacteria is defined as a significant threat. As a result, specific antibodies are produced. It is important to note the following fact: the same molecules as those that are attacked by antibodies in the fight against streptococcus, are present in people who are prone to rheumatism. And then the immune system begins to exert a destructive effect on the connective tissue. This can lead to the defeat of various organs and joints.
Rheumatism of the legs: symptoms of
In most cases, rheumatism develops 1-3 weeks after the streptococcal infection of the upper respiratory tract( tonsillitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis) has been transferred. It is important to know that far from in every case the manifestation of infection can be called bright. Sometimes the disease runs unnoticed and even atypical - the inflammation of the throat is light, and the temperature is minimal. For this reason, doctors often diagnose ARI with such symptoms, without considering antistreptococcal treatment as a real necessity. And such a mistake can lead to the fact that a re-infection against a background of weakened immunity will cause the development of joint rheumatism.
It manifests itself( rheumatism) within a few days after re-infection and affects large joints - knee, ankle, etc. Rheumatism of the legs symptoms is easily recognizable: inflammation of the joints occurs alternately, and the affected part swells noticeably, moreover it hurts when pressed. For example, first the knee joint becomes inflamed, after, several days later, and sometimes hours, the inflammation along with the pain subsides, and the disease begins to affect another joint, then the next. It is this - alternate - affection of connective tissue in different parts of the lower limbs and is an obvious sign of rheumatism of the legs. One attack on a particular joint lasts a maximum of 12 days. But as a result, not only the feet suffer - significant harm is inflicted on the heart.
Rheumatism of the legs, the symptoms of which are almost invisible, makes itself felt in most cases by mild, but constant weakness after moderate loads. These feelings are very similar to the usual fatigue at the end of a day's work. Another characteristic symptom that indicates the inflammation of the connective tissue is the temperature, which rises quickly and just as quickly returns to normal, after which the jumps are repeated again.
Subject: "Rheumatism of the legs: signs and treatment" is very relevant and serious. After all, if the disease is not treated, you can face such an unpleasant consequence, as rheumatic heart disease( inflammation of the heart).There are light rheumatic heart disease, medium stage and severe. In the process of its development, heart valves, membranes( pericarditis) and heart muscle( myocarditis) are affected.
Continuing to study how rheumatism of the legs manifests itself, it is important to note that the mild form of rheumacordita usually goes unnoticed, but the mean manifests itself through moderate cardiac hypertrophy( it increases in volume).In this case, patients feel unpleasant sensations behind the sternum, dyspnea and palpitations appear with relatively light loads( walking, climbing the stairs).
In the case of severe rheumatic heart disease, the size of the heart is significantly increased. Pain in the chest, shortness of breath and an intensified heartbeat disturb even at rest. Moreover, on the legs there are swelling. With this form of rheumatic carditis, there is a high probability of heart disease.
Mechanism for the development of
As mentioned above, with rheumatism, only one joint is very rarely affected - painful sensations constantly change the dislocation. In this case, according to doctors, rheumatism of the legs affects primarily those joints that are more loaded. Also, the joints that previously undergone stable supercooling, bruises, prolonged pressure and other adverse effects are at risk. If you resort to properly organized treatment, then there are all chances to defeat the disease within 1-2 weeks. In some cases, the inflammation process stops after the third day of treatment.
It should be noted that rheumatism does not always have a radically destructive effect on connective tissue. It is not uncommon for patients to retain the ability to actively move, even if they have a second inflammation, and do not feel severe pain.
Deepening into the topic: "Rheumatism of the legs: signs and treatment", it is important to pay attention to the methods of identifying the disease. The basis of diagnosis in this case are laboratory studies and a number of clinical signs that allow to determine the defeat of organs.
In order to identify the negative effect of inflammatory processes on the heart, it is necessary to undergo an ultrasound or an ECG.It is not superfluous to carry out differential diagnosis with nonspecific infectious polyarthritis, tuberculosis, septic endocarditis, neurosis and other diseases.
It is worth knowing that in the case of the development of the acute phase of rheumatism in the blood, neutrophilic leukocytosis will be observed. It is also possible to reduce the level of hemoglobin in the first days of active inflammation. In the case of persistent relapses, there is a risk of anemia.
Pediatric leg rheumatism: symptoms and diagnostics
If we talk about the symptoms of rheumatism in children, it is worth saying that they are very similar to those listed above: fever and development of polyarthritis( severe pain) in the affected joints.
Rheumatic polyarthritis may have some peculiarities:
- Inflammation of large joints develops very quickly, sometimes even for several hours. Then the skin in place of the affected joint becomes red, hot to the touch and swells.
- In some cases, several large joints can be inflamed simultaneously, for example, both knees.
- Rheumatic polyarthritis in children lasts an average of 4-5 days.
- The child feels severe pain, which prevents him from moving freely. There are often cases when children with rheumatic fever can not get out of bed.
Pediatric rheumatism of the legs, as in adults, can be manifested through chest pain, shortness of breath, increased heart rate, weakness and irregular heartbeat. At the first signs of rheumatism in a child, he needs to conduct a heart examination and prescribe the appropriate treatment. If the disease is started, then it is possible to develop severe heart defects, which in the future can turn into heart failure.
Another sign of rheumatism in children is the appearance of a reddish rash, which is called annular erythema.
As for the diagnosis, if you suspect rheumatism it is worth the following tests:
- biochemical blood test;
- the general or common analysis of a blood;
- ultrasound of the heart;
- blood test for the level of ASL-O;
- electrocardiography, it's an ECG.
Diagnosis is better not to be neglected, so that later do not fight with complications.
Treatment of rheumatism
Trying to get an answer to the question of how to treat leg rheumatism, one must first of all realize the need for an immediate visit to the doctor with the first suspicions of the development of the disease. This is important for the reason that the course of the disease may in some cases differ, and this means the need for an individual and professional approach to the treatment process.
The following methods are commonly used:
- the use of glucocorticoids, as well as immunosuppressants to provide protective functions of the body;
- the use of antibiotics( Amikacin, Sumamed, etc.) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( Ketoprofen, Movalis, Diclofenac - should be taken until the tumor completely disappears);
- a complex of vitamins for recovery after antibiotics( "Supradin", "Oligovit", "Vitrum", "Centrum");
- after acute symptomatology has been removed, various physiotherapeutic procedures( paraffin baths, UHF, electrophoresis and infrared lamp heating) are used for full recovery;
- if conventional treatment does not help to neutralize the symptoms of rheumatism, then doctors prescribe plasmapheresis - purification of blood from antibodies and toxins.
Some doctors advise for a more fruitful treatment process to reduce carbohydrate intake and increase the amount of protein in the diet. In any case, treatment should be comprehensive.
If the scheme of overcoming the disease has been determined correctly, and the patient followed all the recommendations of the doctor, then full recovery may occur in 2 weeks. In those cases when the visit to the doctor was immediate, the recovery process will take only a few days.
How to treat rheumatism at home
One of the main principles of home exposure to the disease can be determined by proper nutrition and phytotherapy. As for the recipes of various broths, in this case it is definitely better to consult with doctors who will be able to take into account all the features of the disease course in a particular person.
Food should be organized in such a way that all meals are without salt. The use of seasonings will also have to be limited. This is important for the reason that during the rheumatic attack there is a metabolic disorder.
When answering the question about how to treat leg rheumatism at home, it is important to pay attention to the detrimental effect of the dishes, which contain extractives( vegetable and strong meat soups, as well as broths).About soups of fast preparation and various broth cubes for the period of treatment it is necessary to forget. As mentioned above, for rapid recovery, it is necessary to limit the consumption of foods that are a source of easily assimilated carbohydrates( honey, sugar, jam, jam and confectionery).
From the diet of the patient it is also necessary to exclude products based on beans, mushrooms, spinach, sorrel and peas. But grape juice and grapes can be consumed. Vegetables need to boil, and meat and fish are only slightly stewed or boiled.
If you look at the topic: "Rheumatism: symptoms and treatment of legs" from the point of view of traditional medicine, it is worth noting that, according to the doctors, sand can help in the fight against inflammation. To do this, it must be washed and sieved through a sieve, preferably shallow. The most suitable option is the sea sand. After sowing it is necessary to heat it to 50 degrees and pour it into a comfortable fabric bag. It is this bag of hot sand that is applied to the place where pain is felt. But this method should not be used for those people who have been diagnosed with skin and heart diseases, tuberculosis, malnutrition and tumors.
Another technique that everyone who is interested in the topic should know about: "Rheumatism: symptoms and treatment of legs" is clay. It can be used in the form of compresses and wraps. The clay, which is topical in such a disease, makes its ability to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
In order to prevent the repeated development of leg rheumatism, it is necessary to focus on two purposes: to protect the body from a new infection with streptococcal infection and to strengthen the immune system. And this means that, if possible, everyone who has had rheumatism should visit a specialized sanatorium.
After the restorative measures have been taken, it is necessary not to visit other climatic zones for a period of 1-2 years, being satisfied with their native lands. Since the rheumatism of the feet involves complex treatment, all factors that can create favorable conditions for the development of the disease must be taken into account. If within a few years after the rheumatic attack go to someone else's climate zone, you will have to face acclimatization, which, in turn, can lead to certain complications.
Those who have experienced a rheumatic attack should not be fond of bathing in cold water and a long process of sunburn. Active sports are undesirable for the reason that the heart weakened by the disease will not yet be ready for heavy loads. But physical education is worthwhile, as well as literate hardening. In this case, in the case of increasing the pulse to 120 strokes and the appearance of dyspnea, it is necessary to pause.
Rheumatism can definitely be attributed to those diseases that require special attention due to the risk of significant complications. Therefore, as with any serious diagnosis, if symptoms of inflammation of connective tissue need to respond quickly - go to the doctor and start treatment. And, of course, it is always worth remembering about prevention.
Rheumatism treatment symptoms prevention
Rheumatism is an inflammation of the connective tissue that occurs as a result of a streptococcal infection( eg, sore throat).Despite the fact that the very concept of "rheumatism" in Russia is most often associated with cardiovascular diseases, this disease also often affects joints.
Rheumatism - inflammation of connective tissue
Rheumatism is a fairly common disease that affects people of all age categories without exception. In children aged 5-15 years, rheumatic fever is a severe rheumatic fever that responds well to relatively low risks of further complications. In more adult people, rheumatism is chronic, where in the vast majority of cases the heart is the main lesion.
Where does rheumatism come from?
As mentioned above, in order to develop rheumatism, it is enough to suffer from usual angina.
It's no secret that the human immune system is the first and most important medicine for any disease. When a streptococcal infection enters the body, the immune system responds to the stimulus with the production of antibodies. In the case of a defect in the immune system, antibodies "caused" to fight infection, fail and attack healthy cells of the body, thereby destroying tissues and leading to the formation of inflammatory processes.
This happens for the following reason: antibodies of the immune system determine streptococcus by special molecules, but very similar molecules are present in a healthy body, in particular - in connective tissue.
Regardless of the area of damage, whether it be joints or the heart, rheumatism poses a serious threat not only to health, but also to the life of the patient. So, according to the International Health Association, about eighty percent of cases of heart disease are the result of complications obtained in the development of rheumatism.
Symptoms of rheumatism
Rheumatism begins to manifest itself in the form of excessive fatigue of the body, supplemented with edema of the legs and joint pain. Gradually, painful sensations increase, movements become constrained and uncertain.
Developing, rheumatism makes itself felt by the defeat of elbows and wrists with the appearance in the respective areas of characteristic edema and even tumors. Exposed to rheumatism joints - extremely painful. Acute pain occurs with the slightest physical contact with the skin located above the affected area.
Often swelling and inflammation of the joints are accompanied by severe sweating and irregular body temperature.
Doctors recommend immediate examination at the first symptoms of rheumatism. If you refuse from timely treatment, the disease will affect all new areas, become chronic, and greatly complicate the life of the patient.
Having struck several sites, rheumatism will necessarily pass to the heart and will affect interruptions in its work. The nervous system will not be left aside, but an arbitrary contraction of muscles, drowsiness and shortness of breath will become "normal" for the patient phenomena.
Rheumatism can also be recognized by formation over the bony surfaces of the joints of small seals, so-called nodules, in size from the match head to the string bean. Rheumatic nodules do not give painful sensations, and even with relatively large dimensions, they practically do not limit the mobility of the joints.
In addition to this characteristic for rheumatism signs are regular bleeding from the nose, enlarged lymph nodes, a pink rash on the arms, legs and abdomen.
Types of rheumatism
Rheumatism is a complex disease from the clinical point of view with a rather rich classification. The most common types of rheumatism are: rheumatic carditis, polyarthritis, chorea, skin rheumatism and pneumatic pleurisy.
Rheumatic carditis is a type of rheumatism in which the connective tissue of the heart is afflicted. This disease is usually accompanied by inflammatory processes, and to a greater extent affects the myocardium, where, in fact, its name comes from. Stitching and pulling pains in the heart, elevated body temperature and tachycardia are characteristic of rheumatic heart disease.
Types of rheumatism-rheumatic carditis
Rheumatic polyarthritis affects the joints. As a rule, these are joints of knees, elbows and ankles. Timely treatment allows effective control of inflammatory processes of polyarthritis and minimizes the risk of possible complications.
Chorea is a less common form of rheumatism, in which development occurs in small vasculitis cerebral vessels. The main symptoms of chorea are increased activity of the patient, caused by unreasonable anxiety, as well as involuntary movements of the facial muscles. In addition, the patient has problems with keeping the small items in her hands( this is most noticeable when writing with a ballpoint pen) and long-term preservation of the static position of the body in space.
Skin rheumatism - these are the same pink spots on the trunk and extremities, as well as the rheumatic nodules that we mentioned above.
Types of rheumatism-skin rheumatism
Pneumatic pleurisy - lesions of connective tissue in the thorax. The main symptoms of pneumatic pleurisy are cough, fever, shortness of breath.
By the nature of the course of rheumatism is acute, subacute, protracted, continuously-relapsing and hidden.
When rheumatism with an acute form of flow symptoms manifest themselves quickly enough, but the disease has no tendency to exacerbation. Subacute rheumatism is characterized by a more prolonged manifestation of symptoms. This form of the disease can lead to exacerbation of inflammatory processes, and in the absence of treatment - to cause disability.
Rheumatism of continuously-recurring form usually manifests itself by acute manifestations of symptoms, but they are often the result of an already developed heart disease. For chronic rheumatism, a chronic course of inflammatory processes with an attack duration of six months or more is typical. Hidden rheumatism is one of the most potentially dangerous forms of the disease for a person, which is explained, as a rule, by belated diagnosis and, as a result, by inevitable complications.
Stages of development of rheumatism
There are four stages of the development of rheumatism: mucoid swelling, fibrinoid changes, granulomatosis and sclerosis.
Mucoid swelling is the first( early) stage of rheumatism, in which swelling and cleavage of collagen fibers occurs. Rheumatism of the first stage does not pose a serious threat to the patient, and can be cured completely without any consequences.
Stages of development of rheumatism
In the absence of proper treatment, mucoid swelling develops into fibrinoid changes - necrosis of cellular elements and collagen fibers. Further, at the third stage of rheumatism, inflammation is accompanied by the creation of rheumatic granulomas around necrosis zones, and sclerosis - completes the development of the disease by aggravating the destructive changes.
Methods of treating rheumatism
Treatment of rheumatism as well as many other diseases is better to start at its early stage of development. Rheumatism of the early stage is reversible, that is, treatable to the fullest, and this is the key factor that determines the methods of influencing the infection.
In a neglected state, rheumatic fever is a much greater threat to the body, but not everything is lost here. Traditionally, treatment of rheumatism of the second and higher stages is carried out in stages.
The first stage of treatment is carried out in a hospital under the constant supervision of doctors with regular intake of medications and prophylactic procedures.
The second stage of the fight against the disease is the fixing procedures and the course of taking restorative drugs. Ideal variant of the second stage of rheumatism treatment is a cardio-rheumatological sanatorium.
The third stage of treatment of rheumatic fever is the final stage. At this stage, the key role is played by the patient himself, who is obliged to regularly visit the attending physician in the local polyclinic and report all changes taking place in his body.
What medications are prescribed for rheumatism? First of all - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and hormones, the reception of which depending on the nature of the disease can last from three to 5-7 weeks.
Methods of treatment of rheumatism-exercise therapy
Often in the treatment of rheumatism surgical methods are used, or in other words - surgical methods. So, the removal of tonsils, the simplest operation performed under local anesthesia, coupled with taking medication, gives positive results already on 7-10 days.
When the development of inflammatory processes passes under the full control of the attending physician, the next key task of treating rheumatism is the restoration of the functional of the cardiovascular system. For this, therapeutic methods, exercise therapy, injections are used.
Completes the treatment of rheumatism - a set of preventive measures and regular outpatient examination.
Folk remedies for rheumatism
Folk remedies for rheumatism are usually effective only in cases of joint diseases.
For inflammation and swelling of the lower extremities, a stick massage is very helpful. This requires a light stick length of 50-70 cm and a diameter of 2-5 cm, which is recommended to slightly tap on the soles of the feet. Gradually, the impact force should be increased, and the procedure is continued until a feeling of heat spreading through the legs appears.
Also among the folk methods of treating rheumatism are the leaves of mugs, the lower part of which is lubricated with vegetable oil and applied to diseased areas, after which the damaged area is wrapped with a warm cloth.
Folk remedies for rheumatism-roots of dogrose
Fresh roots of rose hips( washed and chopped), filled with hot water, help relieve pain in rheumatism. It is enough to drink 100 grams of such infusion three times a day and the disease will recede faster than you expect.
In addition to this, rheumatism at home can also be treated with the help of the own medicinal mixtures prepared. The recipe for one of these mixtures is 100 g of dry mustard, 200 g of salt and a little kerosene.
Another way to treat rheumatism is to eat lots of strawberries( 3-5 every day) for one to two months. Minus strawberry diet: a complete rejection of meat, salty and sour food for the specified period.
Possible complications ↑
In the absence of treatment, rheumatic heart disease occurs. Heart rate abnormalities and heart rate, heart pain and heartbeat failures suggest that inflammation of the heart tissue develops, accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating and weakness.
Other effects of untreated chronic joint rheumatism include:
- rheumatoid arthritis( characterized by chest pain, cough, shortness of breath and fever)
- rheumatic skin lesions( subcutaneous rheumatic nodules or annular erythema);
- if nervous tissue is involved in the inflammatory process, then the patient has uncontrolled muscle contractions( grimaces, sharp movements, speech becomes indistinct, handwriting is broken).
The diagnosis can only be made by a rheumatologist.
For this purpose, a complex examination of the body is appointed:
- , a general clinical blood test is necessary to detect signs of inflammation in the body;
- immunological analysis of blood is done in order to find in it characteristic for rheumatism substances( they appear in the blood a week after the onset of the disease and concentrate as much as possible on 3-6 weeks);
- heart echocardiography and electrocardiography is assigned to assess the condition of the heart, determine or exclude its lesions;
- for the evaluation of the joint condition is done by X-ray of the joints, biopsy, arthroscopy and a puncture for the examination of the joint fluid.
If there are lesions of other organs, you may need to consult other specialists.It hurts to move your fingers in the morning? Find out why the joints of the fingers are aching, from our article.
What causes pain in the elbow? Read here.
Than to treat an arthrosis of a humeral joint? All the necessary information in this material.
How to treat?↑
Rheumatism occurs as a chronic disease with periodic remissions and exacerbations.
During periods of exacerbation, patients are advised to limit the number of movements to reduce the burden on the joints. To do this, they are shown bed rest.
In case of mild illness it is sufficient to observe a semi-fast mode for 10 days.
An easy form of the disease can be treated at home.
In severe or rheumatism of moderate severity, strict bed rest is required from 2 weeks to 1 month.
According to the indications in the dynamics, with the normalization of the general condition and the indicators of laboratory studies, it is possible to gradually increase the activity of the movements.
Completely cure rheumatism is impossible, but can not be treated at all.
Ideally, if the complex applies all possible measures to combat this disease: medicamental, physiotherapy treatment, diet, etc.
The success of treatment will largely depend on the correct choice of medication.
Several types of drugs with different effects are used for the treatment of joint rheumatism:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Necessary to eliminate pain symptoms and suppress the inflammatory process in connective tissue.
- Antibiotics. The main task in the treatment of rheumatism is the suppression of streptococcal infection, which is a provoker of the disease and subsequent complications. To do this, antibacterial agents of the penicillin group and their analogs or broad-spectrum antibiotics( erythromycin, ampicillin, etc.) are used. Such therapy lasts up to 15 days. In the future, for the prevention of recurrence and complications on the heart for 5 years 1 time in 20 days, the patient is injected with this drug.
- Immunosuppressants. Immunosuppressants weaken the body's response to infection, slightly suppress the immune response.
- Corticosteroid hormones. Assigned if antibiotics and NSAIDs were ineffective in controlling rheumatism. They combine with other drugs to eliminate all unpleasant symptoms for several days.
All drugs used for treatment are effective, but have certain contraindications.
Therefore, to minimize their harmful effects from prolonged use and increase the effectiveness of therapy, a complex treatment is prescribed. It is carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor.
Treatment of joint rheumatism with folk remedies is possible.
And for many years folk medicine has accumulated many recipes to combat this disease. But it is better to carry out treatment in combination with medication.
It is advisable to consult with your doctor about the appropriateness and correctness of this treatment.
- Two tablespoons of fresh dandelion flower flowers are crushed and add 2 tablespoons of sugar. Leave in a cool place for 7-10 days, then squeeze the juice and take it 3 times a day for 20 drops.
- In 200 ml of vodka, insist for 1 week 30 grams of the leaves of the yellow acacia. Take 20 drops of tincture in the morning, lunch and evening.
- Elm bark( 20 grams) pour a glass of boiling water and do not remove from the fire for 10 minutes. Then leave for 3 hours. Prepared tincture can be taken on 1 spoon 4 times a day.
- Roots of wild rose and chopped vodka. Within 2 weeks, insist in a dark place. Take 1 spoonful three times a day.
- The fruits of sea buckthorn, red mountain ash or physalis also have an anti-rheumatic effect. From them prepare broths and tinctures.
- Pharmacy tincture of barberry take 30 drops 3 times a day.
- Squeeze the juice of nettle, take as much honey and concentrated alcohol. All this is mixed and left in the refrigerator for 15 days. Take 1 spoonful 3 times a day shortly before meals. The course of admission is six months.when developing arthritis is recommended to use until the movements in the joints are not easy and free.
- Take 40 grams of chopped garlic, pour 100 ml of vodka, and insist in a dark place for 10 days, periodically shaking. Take 10-15 drops 3 times a day.
Teas and decoctions:
- Green tea is very useful for rheumatism. It should be drunk at least 3 times a day.
- Black tea with raspberry berries( 30 grams of berries per glass of tea) also helps fight the symptoms of inflammation.
- Herbal teas made of fattened thick bean, bearberry, cocklebur, shepherd's bag, yarrow, tartar, violets, daisies or alfalfa are useful.
- A mixture of carrot and celery juice in a ratio of 7: 3 to drink every day.
- Decoction from the roots of burdock and elecampane should be taken within 2 months 2 spoons 3 times a day.
More popular medicine recommends patients with rheumatism joints to take a bath with a decoction of flowers of chamomile, clover, thyme, roots of wild rose or ayr.
In the treatment of rheumatism, nutrition should also be given attention: the main thing is that the body receives all the necessary substances.
Doctors recommend adhering to diet No. 15, increasing the protein component of the diet and reducing the intake of carbohydrates and salt. Do not forget about fruits and vegetables, drink warm drinks: tea with raspberries, decoction of linden.
It is recommended to exclude nutrition from food:
Rheumatism - Symptoms and treatment with folk remedies at home
Phenoxymethylpenicillin( Vepicombin, Clialyl, Megacillin) Cefuroxime( Aksetin, Zinatsef, Zinnat, Ketocef) CorticosteroidsDexamethasone( Daxin, Dexazone, Cortix, Novometasone, Fortecortin) Prednisolone( Dekortin, Metipred, Prednol) Triamcinolone( Berlikort, Delphicort, Kenacort, Kenalog) Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Acetylsalicylic acid( Anopyrine, Aspekard, Aspivatrin, Aspilight, Aspinat, AsPyrin, Acetal, Acetylline, Bufferan, Jasprin, Novandol, Novasan, Ronal, Salorin, Trombo ACC, Uppsarin Oopsa) Diclofenac( Voltaren, Diclogen, Diclomax, Diclomene, Naklof, Naklofen, Neodol, Novo-Difenac, Olfen, Ortophen, Feloran, Flameril, Ecofenac, Ethifenac, Yumeran) Ibuprofen( Bonifen, Brufen, Burana, Dolgit, Ibupron, Ibuprof, Markofen, Motrin, Motrin, Nurofen, Profinal, Reumafen, Solpaflex) Indomethacin( Indoene, Indovis, Indopharm, Indocid, Metindol, Novo-Metatsin, Tridocin, Elmetacin)
Non-traditional and folk remedies for rheumatismma
Home remedies for rheumatism
Cut 3 large peeled bulbs and cook in 1 liter of water for 15 minutes, drain. Take 1 glass of broth in the morning, after awakening, and in the evening, before going to bed, while treating and preventing rheumatism.
Grated fresh onion to apply to sick joints for 20-30 minutes 2-3 times a day.
Grate 1 kg of raw potatoes( preferably pink).Fold half the linen fabric, smear the potato slurry on its center, fold it, wrap it around the sore spot. From above it is good to tie something warm. Cover the patient with rheumatism for the whole night with a blanket. Compresses do every other day. At the same time, take 5 drops of aspen tar and 50 ml of 50% vodka per day. Drink for 1.5 months. It is used for rheumatic pains.
A good effect with rheumatism gives a combination of outdoor use of potatoes with the reception of raw potato juice - at least 0.5 glasses a day. Course - 1 month, sometimes to fix the treatment, repeat the course after a one-week break.
Boil the broth from the potato peel, drink it and put the compresses on the rheumatic areas.
Herbs and preparations for the treatment of rheumatism
Pour 10 g of St. John's wort with 1 glass of hot water, boil for 30 minutes over low heat, cool and drain. Take rheumatism for 0.3 cup 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating. Keep no more than 3 days.
Pour 1 tablespoon of tansy flower basket 1 cup of boiling water. Insist, wrapped, 2 hours, strain. Take rheumatism 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day for 20 minutes before meals with rheumatism. Externally used infusion of flower baskets and infusion of herbs in the form of warm baths and compresses.
Fill a bottle with fresh May pine needles, pour over with 56% alcohol, insist in a warm place for 21 days. Take 8 drops on sugar 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating. The course of treatment for rheumatism is 5-6 months.
Pour 4 tablespoons of celery( leaf and roots) with 0.5 liters of water and cook until 1 cup is left, drain. Drink a portion during the day with rheumatism.
Pour 1 teaspoon of kidneys of Scotch pine 1 glass of water, boil for 5 minutes, stirring, drain. Take rheumatism in a warm form for 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day after meals.
Pour lilac flowers with vodka in the ratio 1:10.Insist in a sealed container for 8-10 days and strain. Take rheumatism for 30 drops 2-3 times a day and at the same time rub the sore spots or make a compress of the same tincture.
Pour 1 tablespoon of cranberry leaf 1 cup of boiling water, insist 30 minutes. Take rheumatism 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
Pour 1 teaspoon of herbs nightshade black 2 cups of boiling water, insist 1 hour. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day. With pain in joints affected by gout, rheumatism.
Pour 2 teaspoons of crushed blueberries with 1 glass of boiling water, insist until cooled. Drink infusion, as well as kissels, decoctions of 2-3 glasses a day with rheumatism, gout.
Pour 1 teaspoon dried greenery and parsley roots curly 2 glasses of hot water, insist 9 hours. Take infusion of 2-3 tablespoons before meals for 3 days. With diseases of the joints.
Pour 1 teaspoon of herb clown grass 2 cups of boiling water, insist 30 minutes, drain. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day after meals. As an analgesic and sedative for neuralgia, rheumatoid joint damage.
To fill the Lithuanian jar with a third of the volume with crushed young shoots and leaves of cranberries, pour over the vodka, insist on the sun. Drink 2 tablespoons 2 times a day.
Pour 1 tablespoon of bearberry 1 cup of boiling water, insist 2 hours, drain. Take rheumatism 2-3 glasses a day.
Pour 1 tablespoon of crushed bearberry leaf 1 glass of water, infuse 8-10 hours. Boil for 5 minutes on low heat and still insist 2 hours, drain. Take rheumatism for 4 dessert spoons 2-3 hours after eating.
Take in equal parts the flowers of elderberry and chamomile flowers, brew with boiling water, put the mixture in a linen bag. Apply to sick joints with rheumatism.
Pour 5-6 potato flowers 1 cup of boiling water, insist for 1 hour, strain. To drink during the day. The course of treatment for rheumatism -2 months, then a break for 2 months and a repetition of the course.
Recipes Wangi from rheumatism
1 tablespoon of flower baskets of Artemisia citvarni is filled in a thermos with 300 ml of boiling water and it is insisted for 2 hours, filtered and used as an external anesthetic for rheumatism, neuralgia and lumbago.
Take 50 g of crushed dry grass clover meadow for 1 liter of boiling water. Infuse 2 hours, drain. Bath should be taken at night. The course of treatment: 12-14 baths.
Lilac flowers loosely fall into a half-liter bottle to the top, pour 40% alcohol, insist 21 days in a dark place and filter. Take 30 drops 3 times daily before meals. The course of treatment is 3 months. You can use another recipe: 2 tablespoons of flowers pour a glass of vodka or 70% alcohol, insist 7 days in a warm place, periodically shaking. Drink 50 drops of vodka or 20-30 drops of alcohol tincture 3 times a day for 20 minutes before eating and rub the sore spots( joints, heel spurs).
1 tablespoon of dried birch leaves are poured into a glass of boiling water, it is insisted for 6 hours and filtered. Drink 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day. You can also use a decoction of birch buds.5 g of kidneys pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 15 minutes on low heat, insist for 1 hour and filter. Drink 1/4 cup 4 times a day 1 hour after eating.
Take 3 tablespoons of St. John's wort's herb and pour 4 cups of boiling water, let it brew for 2 hours and strain. This herbal infusion should be drunk 1/3 cup 3 times daily before meals with rheumatism and chronic gout. The course of treatment: 1-2 months.
If often suffer from gouty pain, rheumatism, sciatica or myositis, then you should take medical and preventive baths. Effective in this case is the usual horseradish.50-70 g of roots and leaves must be grinded and put, wrapped in gauze, in a bath with a water temperature of up to 40 ° C.Make sure that the water is evenly mixed with horseradish juice. Take a bath for the night. The procedure time is 10 minutes. The course of treatment: 12-14 procedures. Repeat it should be several times a year. Infusion and juice of horseradish roots are also recommended to be taken orally.
Drink every day for 2-3 cups of broth from stigmas corn. On a glass of water, take a teaspoon of raw material with the top, cook over low heat for 10 minutes. Drinking 6-8 weeks. Passes the most chronic muscular rheumatism.
40 grams of chopped garlic cloves pour 100 ml of vodka. Insist in a closed vessel in a dark place at room temperature, periodically shaking, 7-10 days, drain. Take 10 drops 2-3 times a day for 20-30 minutes before meals with rheumatism and gout.
A tablespoon of dry roots of a large burdock is poured with 2 glasses of steep boiling water, it is insisted for 2 hours and filtered. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times a day.
A vegetable mixture from the roots of a large burdock( 10 g) and elecampane( 10 g) is poured into a glass of water and cooked on low heat with the lid closed for 20 minutes, then it is insisted for 4 hours and filtered. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day before meals.
20 g shredded fruit bean leaves pour 1 liter of water, boil for 3-4 hours, cool and strain. Drink 100 ml per day for rheumatism and gout.
Prepare a tincture of 100 g of dry ground rose hips, fill them with 0.5 liters of vodka, and keep in a dark place for 3 weeks, periodically shaking the contents. Take tincture of 20-30 g 3 times daily before meals, washed down with boiled water. At the same time, you can rub the tincture into sore spots or make compresses out of it.
100 grams of celery with the spine, add water and cook until there is 1 glass left. Strain and drink this portion throughout the day at intervals. The remedy can relieve rheumatism in a few days. Cook the broth daily.
A tablespoon of crushed black currant leaves brewed with 2 cups of boiling water, 6 hours, drain. Drink 100 ml 4 times a day. Infusion is consumed with rheumatism and gout, as it promotes the release of the body from excess uric acid and purine substances. It can also be used in the form of baths for rheumatic and gouty joint damage.
A teaspoon with top of roots and leaves of bearberry( bearberry), pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist, drain. Drink to drink 2-3 cups a day.
3 tablespoons herb sheepskin bags pour 400 ml of boiling water( daily rate), insist in a thermos, drain. Applied with rheumatism, gout. Contraindicated in pregnancy and thrombophlebitis.
Prepare napar from elderberry flowers at the rate of 20 g per 1 liter of water. Drink 3 glasses a day. Apply for rheumatism, gout and arthritis.
Teaspoon herbs yarrow brew 200 ml of boiling water, insist and strain. Take from 1 tablespoon to 1/3 cup a day before meals with rheumatism and gout.
2 tablespoons of rhizomes of grassy creeper pour 1 cup of hot water, boil for 5-10 minutes, cool, strain and wring out. Drink 1/3 cup 3 times daily before meals. They are used to treat rheumatism and gout as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, diaphoretic, and for removing salts from the body.
Tablespoon crushed leaves cranberries pour 200 ml of water, boil for 5-10 minutes. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day. Keep in a cool place for no more than a day.
4 tablespoons of dried flowers of chamomile pharmacy brew 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes and strain. Take 70 ml 3 times a day after meals with rheumatic joint pain.
Pour a teaspoon of dogwood roots with 200 ml of water, boil for 15 minutes. Take 2 tablespoons 3 times a day.
Prepare the broth at the rate of 2 g of herbs of violet fragrant for a glass of boiling water. Take 2-3 tablespoons 3 times a day. In the treatment of rheumatism, it is useful to mix the violet with the leaves of the bean fruit, the corn stalks( with stigmas), the bearberry leaves and the kidneys or birch leaves.
30 g of raspberry fruit brew a glass of boiling water. Insist for 20 minutes. Drink at night as a diaphoretic for 2 glasses in 1 reception with chronic rheumatism.
20 g dried clover red flowers pour a glass of boiling water, insist and strain. Take 2-3 tablespoons to 1/2 cup 3 times a day for chronic rheumatism.
5-6 g of powder from the rhizomes of calamus should be drunk with water during the day in between meals or on an empty stomach. It is used for rheumatism, arthritis, joint pain.
Mixture from the herb wild rosemary( 25 g), herbs nettle burning( 15 g) pour 1 liter of boiling water, insist and strain. Drink 100 ml 5-6 times a day.
Grass wild rosemary and mother-and-stepmother mixed equally. A tablespoon of the mixture pour 200 ml of hot water, boil for 5 minutes and strain. Take 1 tablespoon every 2 hours as a diaphoretic in the treatment of rheumatism and gout.
Fresh egg put in a glass and pour acetic essence. At the same time, lightly melt 200 g of unsalted butter and pour an egg with essence. Turn and put in a dark place for 3 days, then mix well. To smear this means with sore spots. Apply from cones on the fingers, heel spurs, from the aches of all kinds.
The roots of the large burdock, the roots of the elecampane are high and the leaves of the walnut are mixed equally. A tablespoon of the ground mixture should be poured into 200 ml of boiling water, boiled for 10 minutes and strain. Drink 1 glass every 3 hours.
Two tablespoons of mixture of herb oregano( 1 part), leaves of mother-and-stepmother( 2 parts), raspberry fruit( 2 parts) pour 400 ml of boiling water, boil for 5-10 minutes and strain. Drink 100 ml in hot form 3-4 times a day.
25 g of pepper fruits of annual pods varieties pour 100 ml of vodka. Tincture used in a mixture with a double amount of sunflower oil for grinding with rheumatism and joint pain.
Ointment for grinding according to the Mexican recipe: camphor - 50 g, mustard in powder - 50 g, alcohol - 100 ml, raw egg white - 100 g. Alcohol pour into a cup and dissolve in it camphor, pour into the resulting solution mustard and stir it. Stir 100 g of protein separately and turn into lipstick. Mix the two together. Get a liquid ointment, which should be rubed dry to 1 time a day before bedtime. Then wipe with damp cloth rubbing sore spots.
A teaspoon of mistletoe grass, white, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist 8 hours and strain. Apply externally for rheumatism, arthrosis, spondylosis, chronic joint diseases.
50 grams of chopped herb thyme pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, drain. Bath( 36-37 ° C) take at night with articular rheumatism, paralysis. The course of treatment: 14-18 baths.
2 tablespoons finely chopped rhizomes of ayr pour 1 liter of boiling water, boil for 20 minutes, insist 30 minutes and strain. The bath( 35-36 ° C) should be taken during the day or at night with rheumatism and gout. The course of treatment: 10-12 baths.
One of the most effective means for the treatment of articular rheumatism is birch buds. Kidneys insist on alcohol or vodka and rub into the joint area. An effective remedy is also an ointment from birch buds. For its preparation it is necessary to take 800 g of fresh unsalted butter and birch buds. In the clay pot, put layers of oil - 1.5 cm, on top of the layer of buds of the same thickness and so on - until the pot is completely filled. Close the lid tightly and cover with dough. To put on a day in a warm place, best of all - in a non-burning oven. After 24 hours, cool, squeeze through gauze. In the resulting oil add 7-8 g of camphor and mix. Store the ointment in a tightly sealed jar in a cool place. Apply with articular rheumatism, rubbing the joints in the evening, before going to bed, 1 time a day.
Along with the treatment of patients with rheumatism, it is recommended every day to eat a celery salad.
( On a nervous basis).Lubricate the feet with gun oil and sunbathe.
One leaf of a large-armored army should be insisted in 0.5 liter of alcohol and used for grinding.
Make an alcohol tincture from twigs of yellow acacia along with leaves and flowers. Take a few drops.
Within 10 days, take 0.2 g "mummy" per day, can be mixed with any butter and yolks from 3 to 4 eggs. The same mixture is applied to the damaged area. Break 10 days.
Drink within 10 days to 0.2 g per night, 5 days break, repeat 3 to 4 courses. At the same time at night make compresses on the affected joints( a solution of 3 g per 100 g of water).
Recipes Wangi with rushes of rheumatism
Make baths in the decoction of decoction.
20 - 30 g of cranberry leaves pour three cups of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, drain. Drink liquid for 1 day in 3 divided doses.(The agent works well for articular rheumatism.)
During dandelion flowering, it is very useful to eat its milk stems. At this time, the juice of a dandelion is a long-established and proven remedy for rheumatism.
1 tablespoon of white lilac flowers to insist on 0.5 liters of vodka. Use for compresses.
Take a quarter of a pound of aconite roots( you only need to take root, not stalks), fill them with one quart of raki( vodka) or diluted apothecary alcohol 60-degree fortress and put in a warm place for 3 days. When the tincture acquires the color of strong tea, it is suitable for consumption. The dose is one tablespoon of tincture for each rub( and no more). If both legs and hands are numb, only one leg should be rubbed, the next day - the other;then one hand, etc. Tincture to rub dry. Place, subjected to rubbing, keep warm, not allowing the flow of cold air. Rubbing is best done at night. About two hours before the patient gets up from the bed, remove the bandage. In the morning, when the patient rises, that is, two hours after removing the bandage, you should wet a rag in cold water and, squeezing it well, wipe it with a rubbed place. You need to do this quickly. Slow wiping can lead to colds. Drink infusion of root aconite can not, because aconite is highly toxic.
Take 30 g of crushed medicinal raw material from the root of the oak, fill 500 ml of white wine, insist for a day with frequent shaking, then strain and take half the wine glasses twice a day.
Folk remedies for the treatment of rheumatism:
Diet for rheumatism.
When exacerbation of rheumatism is recommended 3-4 days to apply a fruit diet, and then move on to a balanced diet. The products consumed by the patient must contain a sufficient number of proteins and vitamins( especially vitamin C).Table salt, carbohydrates( sugar, white bread, potatoes), fatty, fried foods, spices, tea, coffee, alcohol should be limited. Useful watermelons, fresh blueberries, as well as jelly, infusions and decoctions of them( 1-2 teaspoons per glass of boiling water), cranberry juice with honey.
Comments of the doctor to folk remedies for rheumatism
Almost always with rheumatism the heart is affected. Joints are less likely to be affected, and in this case the disease proceeds benignly: after a few days joint pains pass, and joint deformities with rheumatism never remain. With the activity of the second - third degree process, inpatient treatment is necessary, and the treatment with medicinal herbs recedes into the background, with activity of the first degree, medicinal herbs can become the main treatment.
For the treatment of rheumatism, plants that have anti-inflammatory, diuretic, immunomodulating, desensitizing, cardiotonic, antimicrobial properties are needed. In the food you can add berries cranberries, cranberries, blueberries, blueberries, currants, as well as onions, horse-radish, garlic. In the active phase, the following fees are recommended:
- herbs of St. John's wort, three-colored violets, string, horsetail, hawthorn fruits, chamomile flowers, pine buds - eight grams brew into 0.3 liters of boiling water, insist three hours, before eating a third cup;
- herbs adonis, nettles, spores, queues, poplar buds, chamomile flowers, anise fruits, burdock roots, lumbago flowers - like the past;
- flowers of hawthorn, common mountain ash, leaves of cranberries, cuffs, labaznika grass, wild rosemary shoots, sand sedge all plant - eight grams of 0.3 cold water, insist four hours, boil, insist one more hour, drink before meals three times a day0,3 cup;
- herbs motherwort, geranium meadow, St. John's wort, oregano, birch leaves, horse chestnut flowers, licorice rootstocks, dogrose fruits, willow white bark - like the past;
- fruits of hawthorn, dog rose, birch leaves, watches, chamomile flowers, yarrow herbs, golden rods, nettles, celandine, sculpin roots, eleutherococcus, burdock - like the previous one;
- leaves of lily of the valley, birch, borage grass, oregano, petals, white rose petals, chamomile flowers, willow white bark - six grams brew into 0.25 liters of boiling water, insist four hours, before meals four times a day for a quarter cup;
- flowers of lily of the valley, linden, tatarnik, nettle grass, heather, St. John's wort, string, field horsetail, aurea rhizome, kidney buds, cowberry leaves, white rose petals - like the past;grass leaves motherwort, hyssop, yarrow, celandine, watch leaves, currants black shoots, angelica rhizome, heather shoots, linden flowers - eight grams to brew in 0.35 liters of boiling water, insist two hours, before meals four times a day for half a cup;
- hawthorn flowers, Schizandra seeds, grass lovers, rue, string, violet tricolor, anise fruit, stalk roots, sash bean pods, watch leaves - like the previous one;
- the roots of burdock, sculpin, icteric grass, St. John's wort, nettle, shepherd's handbag, sand sedge, white petal rose, kidney poplar, chamomile flowers, licorice liquor, rose hips-like the past.
For all patients with rheumatism, leaves of strawberries, raspberries, currants( any), rose hips, flowers and fruits of the viburnum can be added to the given collections as medicinal, vitamin and flavor components( besides they have useful properties).The treatment with these medicinal herbs is carried out throughout the active period of the disease, changing the fees every two months.
When reaching a stable remission, you can switch to smaller collections:
- herbaceous motherwort, nettle, alternate, chamomile flowers;grasses of the mendicant, St. John's wort, oregano, hawthorn flowers;
- herb yarrow, celandine, birch leaves, hawthorn fruits;nettle grass, watch leaves, angelica rhizomes, rose hips fruit;herbs of violet tri-color, St. John's wort, succession, chamomile flowers, watch leaves;
- fruits of anise, dog rose, motherwort grass, birch leaves, currant black shoots;
- herbs of the mendicant, oregano, three-color violets, alternatives, chamomile flowers, willow white bark;
- fruits of hawthorn, anise, dogrose, angelica rhizome, yarrow, celandine.
Young people can add immunomodulating plants: eleutherococcus, lemongrass, ginseng, aralia, zamaniyu, rhodiola rosea.
You can also take baths with the following plants: straw of oats, chamomile, leaves and shoots of black poplar, black elderberry, valerian, rhizomes of ayr, juniper fruits, fern shoots, roots of the viburnum, pine needles, birch leaves, clover grass, thyme grass, kidneys and leaves of aspen, kidneys of pine.
In the presence of chronic tonsillitis as a factor contributing to the development of rheumatism, it is recommended to treat it with medicinal herbs listed in the relevant article.
In the active phase of rheumatism, hospitalization is recommended, bed rest is prescribed. For the treatment of drugs recommended that have anti-inflammatory and hyposensitizing effects, such as hormones( corticosteroid), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, deligil, plakvenil. In the presence of chronic foci of infection, antibacterial drugs are prescribed.
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Rheumatism is a systemic disease of an infectious-allergic nature caused by the action of hemolytic streptococcus. The defeat of the joints of the legs is just one of the symptoms of a process affecting the entire body. With rheumatism, the heart, vessels and other organs suffer. What is dangerous for this disease and how to cope with the problem that has arisen?
Causes and risk factors
The direct cause of the onset of the disease is considered to be β-hemolytic group A streptococcus. This microorganism causes angina, accompanied by fever and chills. The most common are children aged 7 to 15 years. In case of inadequate treatment of streptococcal angina two or three weeks after recovery, the first signs of rheumatism develop. The disease affects the heart and joints equally often. Cases of the occurrence of a specific erythema on the skin are not uncommon. Why do these symptoms develop?
Streptococcus entering the body activates the immune system, forcing it to resist an infectious agent. The resulting antibodies enter into battle with bacteria, facilitating the speedy recovery of a person. The problem is that the heart, blood vessels and joints are very sensitive to the effects of antibodies. As a result, the body's own cells are destroyed, which inevitably leads to a disruption in the function of the most important organs.
In order to prevent the development of the disease, pediatricians prescribe antibacterial agents at the first symptoms of strep throat. Timely treatment started allows to avoid serious complications and gives the patient a chance to live life without pain in inflamed joints.
Sore throat is an occasion to consult a doctor. Do not self-medicate when the first signs of sore throat appear.
It is proved that the propensity to rheumatism is inherited. If the family had cases of connective tissue diseases( rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and others), the probability of pathology rises several times. Women are sick more often than men. Chronic nasopharyngeal infections are also a risk factor for the development of the disease.
How rheumatism manifests itself: symptoms of the disease
The first signs make themselves felt 2-3 weeks after recovering from a sore throat. The body temperature rises again, chills, general weakness. The sharp beginning is very characteristic for the first episode of rheumatism. In rare cases, the disease manifests itself gradually, preventing a person from suspecting something that is not right. The reason for going to the doctor is the development of arthritis - inflammation of the joints. For rheumatism the following symptoms are typical:
- lesion of large joints;
- swelling and redness of the skin around the joints;
- symmetry of the lesion( joints on the right and left are simultaneously inflamed);
- rapid effect after taking anti-inflammatory drugs;
- no deformation of the joints.
The joints of the legs are most often affected - knees and ankles. Simultaneously with arthritis there is a tachycardia, pains in heart, a dyspnea short, testifying to interruptions in work of cardiovascular system. Timely treatment allows to relieve the patient of unpleasant symptoms, but does not eliminate the problem completely. Rheumatism can make itself felt at any time - after months or years. Progression of the disease leads to the development of a chronic inflammatory process in the large joints of the legs and the formation of heart defects.
One of the characteristic symptoms of rheumatism is an exacerbation of the disease in the fall or spring. The joints of the feet give themselves to aching pain and swelling, which increase with the change of weather. For treatment of an exacerbation the same means are applied, as at the first display of illness.
Diagnosis of rheumatism
In order to accurately diagnose, the mere description of symptoms is not enough. Signs of rheumatism can be masked for other diseases, and not always they can be quickly distinguished from each other. After a thorough examination and clarification of complaints, a blood test is performed to determine the rheumatoid factors - specific proteins responsible for the development of inflammation. These substances appear in the peripheral blood 3 weeks after the onset of the disease and are a sure sign of the formation of rheumatism.
The next step is an x-ray of the joints of the legs. This method allows to assess the condition of the affected organ and determine the presence or absence of deformations. According to the indications arthroscopy is performed - examination of the joint with the help of a special tool. If necessary, make a puncture and take a periarticular fluid for examination. To assess the condition of the cardiovascular system, ECG( electrocardiography) and ultrasound of the heart are prescribed.
Treatment of foot rheumatism
A rheumatologist must treat the disease. At the first manifestation of the disease, antibiotics are prescribed, eliminating the source of the problem - β-hemolytic streptococcus. Antimicrobial drugs do not allow bacteria to spread through the body and cause the development of complications. To relieve pain in the joints of the legs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( ibuprofen and others) are used. As a rule, this is enough to eliminate edema and other unpleasant symptoms. In rare cases, glucocorticosteroids are used - potent hormonal drugs.
Do not start treatment for rheumatism without consulting a doctor.
Is it possible to treat leg rheumatism at home? Only in the event that the immediate threat to health is gone and it is about removing discomfort by popular methods. Do not engage in self-medication at the first attack of the disease, accompanied by high fever. Also, do not ignore the recommendations of the attending physician in the development of heart defects and other dangerous complications of the disease.
Folk remedies for leg rheumatism
Traditional medicine treatment does not negate the appointment of a doctor. Refusal of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial therapy can lead to negative consequences, including the development of heart defects and other complications. At home, inflammation of the joints of the legs can be treated in the following ways.
- Warm baths
In hot water, add pine buds or black currant leaves. To relieve pain and swelling of the feet, it is recommended to take a bath every day until the unpleasant sensations are completely eliminated. The water temperature should be about 37-38 degrees - pleasant, but not burning. With ankle inflammation, you can restrict yourself to foot baths.
- Compresses with healing herbs
For the treatment of the disease, the leaves of nettle and birch are wrapped in a soft cloth. Compresses should be applied to the affected joints twice a day. A good effect is achieved by the use of burdock, clover, root aira. Before using this method, make sure that you are not allergic to medicinal herbs.
Collect medicinal herbs for treatment only in environmentally friendly places or purchase ready-made plant collections from trusted suppliers.
- Ointments of vegetable origin
To treat leg rheumatism it is possible not only with the help of compresses. Well-proven ointment of birch buds based on butter. The recipe is simple: the kidneys mix with the oil in the pottery, then languish in the oven at a moderate temperature. In the finished product is added chopped camphor. The ointment is rubbed into the affected joints at night. The treatment is repeated daily until the symptoms of the disease completely subsided.
- Decoctions and fruit drinks
Regular consumption of berry fruit( from cranberries, cranberries, raspberries) and kissels helps to relieve edema and reduce pain in the joints. A good effect is the addition of honey( buckwheat or lime) in various drinks. In the morning, you can take lemon juice mixed with water in a ratio of 1: 1.These simple methods of treatment not only relieve pain, but also saturate the body with useful vitamins and microelements.
- Quartz sand
Application of quartz sand will be an excellent alternative to physiotherapy, conducted in the clinic. This method allows you to warm up the joints and relieve pain and swelling. Quartz sand is heated in a frying pan, packed in a dense fabric and applied to a sore spot. Take care not to burn after the procedure.
Prevention of joint diseases
The only way to avoid the development of rheumatism is to prevent streptococcus entering the body. The timely use of antibiotics can eliminate the undesirable reaction and prevent the formation of antibodies that destroy their own cells. To enhance immunity, it is recommended to be more outdoors, play sports and lead an active lifestyle. Balanced nutrition and taking multivitamins will also have a favorable effect on the general condition of the body.
Do not forget that the source of the problem can be a hotbed of chronic infection in the tonsils. That is why it is so important to diagnose chronic tonsillitis in time and take the necessary measures. Sanitizing the hearth and preventing colds are the first step towards protecting against strep and the consequences that this insidious infectious agent brings.