What is lumbosacral sciatica?Radiculitis is a defeat of the human body, which is triggered by the squeezing or inflammation of the root of the brain. Usually, such a diagnosis is made in the presence of pronounced painful symptoms in the neck or back. The patient has weakness in the muscles, tingling and numbness in the affected area. There are several species in radiculitis. One of the most common is lumbar sacral sciatica.
The most common cause of the development of the disease may be the intervertebral hernia. Due to the fact that the vertebrae expand and the cartilaginous layer is broken, not only the nerve in the spine, but also the spine of the brain can be squashed. The disease is accompanied by severe pain and inflammation in the area of the clamped nerve. It is necessary to treat such a deviation without delay. The course of treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor and it will depend on what became the causative agent of the disease. The defeat of the sacral department is a problem that must be approached seriously.
Symptoms of the disease
Such a term as "radiculitis" does not characterize any disease. This is a common name for a group of symptoms that manifest themselves during the spinal cord transmission. Nerve fibers can not withstand such stress and send painful signals. It is not a manifestation of a single disease, but only an indicator of the presence of problems with nerve endings in the spine.Symptoms of such a disease can be various changes in the body: constant cutting weakness, impaired sensitivity, numbness of the spine. Acute lumbosacral radiculitis occurs most often in patients. In many cases, the distance between the spine roots in this area is reduced by the swelling of the discs and the progression of the intervertebral hernia. In this case, a tumor can appear on the affected area, an infectious process, an acute inflammation.
Most often, patients with lumbosacral radiculitis experience different pains in the affected difference. It can be a dull aching pain that becomes quite debilitating. Such pain means that the nerve endings have been damaged and can not cope with the load. Description of radiculitis indicates that in many cases, patients lose sensitivity. The human backbone is a complex mechanism. Constantly the human body performs many different simple or complex movements.
In order for all processes to proceed smoothly, correctly and without harm to the body, the muscles and the brain must interact normally. If such a connection is disrupted or the performance of receptors worsens, the impulses may simply not reach the muscles. When the nerve endings of the spinal cord are clamped, there is a disruption in the exchange of information between the brain and muscles. As a result, impulses do not reach or reach weakly. Accordingly, the sensitivity decreases.
Weakness in the muscles during lumbosacral radiculitis is a common symptom. This is due to the lack of a two-way connection between the muscles and the brain. If the root is clamped as a result of a hernia or any other disease, the pulse frequency decreases, the connection with the brain terminates, the muscles can not function properly.
If you do not immediately address this symptom to the doctor, you can get a partial or complete muscle atrophy.
Causes of radiculitis and consequences of
The lesion of the lumbar spine with sciatica is not a separate disease. If the patient has sacral sciatica, this means that he has pronounced symptoms of nerve endings. Most of the patients with radiculitis have osteochondrosis. It is on his soil that this disease can develop. The spine begins to collapse. In 1st turn vertebral disks suffer. They change their shape, structure and can provoke the appearance of a hernia. Similar neoplasms affect the body. In 1 turn, the nerves, which pass near the inflamed discs, are touched. As a result, the defeat or compression of the nerve roots begins, which provokes the appearance of radiculitis.
In turn, osteochondrosis is provoked by destructive and deformational processes in the human body. Typically, this effect on the body can have age-related changes. In addition to a hernia, the spine can affect osteophytes. These are sprouting that appear on the bone discs. Soft tissues of the back and nerve roots of the brain are affected by such growths and can be completely traumatized. Symptoms of the manifestation of the disease remain unchanged.
Lumbago is a sharp attack that causes severe pain in the patient and limits his movement
Lumbar sciatica in a patient who has been caused by osteochondrosis can lead to the development of a lesion of the spinal canal. Such changes in the spine can lead to unpleasant consequences and start the development of many other diseases based on osteochondrosis and lumbosacral radiculitis, the treatment in this case should begin as soon as possible. In the first turn, the sciatic nerve will begin to suffer, and this will provoke inflammation of the sacrum. In addition to osteochondrosis, there are a number of processes that can provoke radiculitis:
- Impaired immunity in the patient.
- Constant monotonous load on the spine.
- Individual diseases of internal organs.
- Inflammation in the peripheral nervous system.
- Lesion of tissues near the spine.
- Predisposition to a disease that was transmitted hereditarily.
Symptoms and treatment of lumbar inflammation require immediate medical attention. Radiculitis by itself will not pass and will eventually only progress more and more.
Treatment of diseaseHow to treat sciatica? In order to overcome this form of inflammation, you can use various methods. Doctors usually adhere to the classical medication approach. Treatment involves removing the pain symptom and stabilizing the patient's condition. For this it is necessary to fulfill certain medical requirements. The patient must comply with bed rest. At a time when the disease is exacerbated, the patient should not make any unnecessary manipulation. On the spine it is desirable to put on a tight corset, which will fix the back.
Treatment should remove inflammation. Therefore, in the 1st line, the patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs from non-steroid medications. Such a medicine can be ointment, tablets, injected. In order to save the patient from contracted muscles, it is necessary to remove the spasm. Therefore, treatment involves the intake of muscle relaxants. The patient can prescribe manual therapy. It involves stretching the spine. It, in turn, will ensure the alignment of the structure of the spine. Treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis can not do without therapeutic physical training. A special set of exercises is given by the doctor to each patient so that he can perform the course of gymnastics with both the coach and at home.
In some cases, if radiculitis has been sufficiently developed, conservative therapies may not help the patient. In this situation, the doctor can prescribe a surgery for the patient. Surgical intervention with radiculitis is a rather rare phenomenon. Usually the disease is well amenable to drug treatment, and gymnastics fixes the effect. But in case of surgical intervention, the main task of the doctor will be removing the root cause of rheumatism. This means that the surgeon will have to remove the intervertebral hernia from the patient.
In the case of the formation of osteophytes on the spine, the doctor removes them. In some situations, the operation will involve stretching the vertebrae and restoring their height.
Treatment with folk remediesFolk methods of treating radiculitis are very diverse. Most often these are compresses, baths, ointments and tinctures that take or rub the body. In order to prepare 1 compress, which will relieve the pain, you need 1 black radish. Grate the product on a grater. After that, put the resulting gruel onto a cloth. Wrap it and attach it to the affected area of the back. Well warm the bandage.
Radiculitis lumbosacral is treated with special rubbing. In order to prepare the tincture, mix 30 g finely chopped red pepper and 250 grams of vodka. Can be replaced with alcohol. Place the infusion in a dry warm place and do not disturb for 14 days. After this, strain through gauze infusion and rub every evening into the affected area of the back.
If you have acute sciatica, then you can warm it up. In order to make a warming compress, spread a thin layer of honey on the affected area of the spine and cover it with a paper towel. On top of the towel lay a yellow card and wrap the wrap well with film or polyethylene. Top wrap your back with a warm scarf and leave the compress for 1-2 hours.
In order to treat lumbosacral radiculitis effectively, regular compressions should be done regularly. Very useful for the back and spine burdock. Take a few leaves of the plant and rinse them under cold water. Put the leaves on the waist with the front side and fix the bandage with food film. Then tighten the waist with a scarf. Such a compress will quickly relieve the pain.
With spine disease it is very useful to take baths with herbs, needles and various infusions. The course of such procedures is usually 10-12 baths. A similar treatment is performed before bedtime and takes 15-20 minutes. In order to consolidate the effect obtained as a result of taking a bath, you can rub the oil of the fir into the diseased parts of the spine after the procedure.
For strong pains and inflammations, a bathroom with pine shoots helps. Take 3-4 pounds of water per 1 kg of product. Put a pot of decoction on the fire and cook for about 15 minutes. After that, close the container with a lid and let the broth steep for 5 hours. Check that the water temperature in the bathroom is 35-38 ° C.
Pine shoots can be replaced with a root of ara, chamomile, sea salt or fir cones.
Lumbosacral sciatica and its treatment
Virtually the entire adult population is familiar with back pain, and usually connects them with sciatica. In fact, the causes of their occurrence are different, and only 35% fall on true radiculitis. It usually arises against the backdrop of another disease of the spine and is its symptom.
The most common cause of lumbosacral radiculitis is the osteochondrosis of this part of the spine. The protrusions of the intervertebral disc, enlarged osteophytes and spasmodic muscles characterizing osteochondrosis, squeeze and irritate the bundles of nerve fibers emerging from the spinal cord. With an awkward movement, incorrect lifting of the weight, there is an acute attack of radiculitis. He can pass even independently, but the reason remains, and necessarily after some time the repetition will follow.
Acute lumbosacral sciatica( lumbalgia) is manifested by sharp pain, "piercing" at the site of infringement of the rootlet. Any movement aggravates the condition, a person freezes in a certain position, becomes helpless, the muscles of the lumbar region spasmodic. Movement in this department of the spine is sharply limited. Pain can also stop suddenly, as it has appeared, or persist for several days. The condition improves when lying on a hard surface.
How to recognize sciatica?
Chronic lumbosacral sciatica, characterized by periods of remission and exacerbation, and in any case there are 3 main symptoms expressed in different degrees:
- sensitivity disorder;
- movement disorders.
Pain with radiculitis unusual
Intense, sweeping pain in the back, giving up the infringed root along the innervation path - this is typical for radiculitis. A certain posture or movements in the back strengthen it. The intensity of pain depends on the degree of infringement of the rootlet. When the lumbar spine irritates, it senses pain in the anterior abdominal wall, in the buttock and leg.
Osteoporosis progresses and the nature of pain with radiculitis changes. Sciatica is associated with irritation of the sciatic nerve, consisting of the roots of the lumbar and sacral spine. Severe pain occurs along the sciatic nerve - from the waist along the back surface of the foot to the heel and foot. They increase in sitting position, with movements of the trunk and strong coughing.
More often sciatica is one-sided, but there are "lucky ones" with a two-sided process. The pain forces to tilt the body in the opposite direction from the infringement, so there is a deformation of the spine, which contributes to the rapid progression of osteochondrosis.
Massage with radiculitis can be performed with ointments
Radiculitis, it's not only pain
In addition to pain, there are other manifestations of radiculitis - a violation of sensitivity in the innervated zone. Feels chill in the thigh, tingling in the shin and foot, feeling hot or burning. The sciatic nerve has sensory and motor fibers. And the symptoms of radiculitis acquire the character of motor disorders. It is difficult to raise the foot, flexion of the lower leg and extension of the thigh. A person can not walk on heels and on toes. Gradually, the muscles of the thigh, lower leg and buttocks atrophy, legs weaken. Impaired stability of movements, gait becomes uncertain.
How to treat sciatica
Because vertebrogenic lumbosacral sciatica occurs against the background of osteochondrosis, then treatment should be directed, first of all, to the preservation of intervertebral discs.
Neurologists believe that radiculitis can be cured if the processes in the spine have not become irreversible.Read more:
Symptoms of lumbar sciatica
In the period of severe pain, additional treatment is required:
- In case of exacerbation, the patient needs to create rest. A few days of bed rest on a hard bed will reduce the burden on the spine.
- Taking anti-inflammatory analgesics( Xefokam Rapid, Nimesulide, Voltaren) in tablets and injections quickly improves the condition.
- Muscle relaxants( Midokalm) will eliminate muscle spasm, which is also the cause of pain.
- With ineffectiveness of pain medications, blockades with novocaine or steroids are prescribed.
- Warming and anti-inflammatory ointments( Viprosal, Gevkamen, Dolgit, Fastum gel) dilate blood vessels, relieve muscle spasm.
- Group B vitamins increase the analgesic effect.
- Massage and exercise prevent the development of atrophy and muscle weakness.
- Physiotherapeutic procedures can be prescribed from the first day of exacerbation of lumbosacral radiculitis. Electro- and phonophoresis with anesthetics, laser and magnetotherapy, diadynamic currents act multilaterally.
- Fixation of the lumbar region with the help of orthoses with vertical ribs of stiffness relieves the load from the spine and is applied until the sting of acute pain.
Physiotherapy is indispensable in the treatment of radiculitis
What massage will help with radiculitis
At all stages of treatment of chronic radiculitis massage is performed. With acute pain, only mild strokes are used. In the future, according to the indications, all methods of manual, segmental, point and hardware massage are used. More efficiently the procedure with aromatic oils and ointments. During the period of remission, one should not neglect self-massage.
Do gymnastics need
Even in the acute period of chronic radiculitis a person should not be in bed more than 2 - 3 days. You need to move around the apartment or ward. In the first days after the easing of pain, exercises are performed only in a lying position, at a slow pace, without jerks. When the pain subsides, gradually increase the motor activity, to create a muscle corset.
During the period of remission, muscle stretching exercises are recommended. Rotations, bends of the trunk and elements of weightlifting are prohibited. Complex LFK should be compiled by an experienced instructor specifically for you and gradually expand.
How to prevent exacerbations of
Prevention of exacerbations of chronic sciatica is the preservation of a healthy spine. Therefore, the following recommendations are advisable:
- Treatment of osteochondrosis. Periodic courses of drug therapy.
- Mandatory appointment of gymnastic exercises, sparing the spine and training the muscles;
- Teaching rational behavior. Every patient should know what causes an exacerbation and what movements are safe.
- Use of fixing corsets for long and intensive loads on the spine( driving, sitting at the table).
Please note! The load on the fifth lumbar vertebra in the lying position is 20 kg. When walking 85. In sitting position 150. If you hold a weight of 40 kg on elongated hands, then the load increases to 500 kg.
Radiculitis, it's not only pain, but also muscular atrophy, impaired sensitivity, posture and gait. Treatment should be carried out during the period of exacerbation, and in the absence of acute pain. To prevent complications of radiculitis every 4 to 6 months, it is necessary to conduct courses of massage, vitamin, reflex and physiotherapy.
Lumbar radiculitis: symptoms and treatment
If the sciatica affects the lumbosacral spine, then it is considered a polyietological disease. Any sudden movements, physical overstrain in the lumbar region, hypothermia, intoxication or colds can trigger an aggravation of radiculitis.
The main symptom that indicates that the lumbosacral region is affected by sciatica is severe back pain, which radiates to the thigh, or rather to its posterior part. In 80% of the pain occurs initially in the back of the , only then it gives to the back of the foot.
Simultaneous pain in the leg and lower back occurs rarely at the initial stage, as well as only pain in the leg. Depending on the degree of damage depends on the nature of pain.
In case of inflammation or infringement of the fifth root of the lumbar region, the patient may complain of acute shooting pain in the buttock area, the front surface of the shin, the outer-lateral surface of the thigh, the inner side of the foot sometimes up to the thumb. There is often a manifestation of paresthesia - a violation of the sensitivity of the skin.
If the first sacral spine is affected, then the pain passes along the buttock, the outer and the back of the thigh, then along the shin and to the foot from the external and plantar side to the little finger. It is possible to observe the disappearance or simply lowering of the Achilles tendon reflex.When diagnosing a disease, it can be seen that the muscles are tense - this is their protective state. Also, when examined, it is possible to identify a number of other symptoms - vegetative-trophic disorders: increased sweating, pallor and coldness of the skin, weakening of pulsation in the arterial foot and others.
When examining a patient with suspicion of lumbosacral scars, the symptoms have the following expression:
- Bechterew's symptom: the patient should sit down from a reclining position on the back, while flexing the affected leg at the reflex level;
- symptom Lasega: the patient lies on his back, and his leg on the side of the lesion is raised in a straightened position.with the pain syndrome sharply increased in the lumbar region, back of the thigh and gluteal region;
- Dejerine symptom: when sneezing, coughing, or straining, the patient feels an increase in pain in the lower back;
- Neri symptom: if the patient sharply tilts his head forward, then occurs in the lower back, and also in the leg pain intensification;
- Bonnet symptom: the gluteal fold on the side of the disease is flattened.
Diagnosis of the disease
To ensure that the diagnosis and, as a result, the treatment of sciatica are successful, you should consult a qualified, competent doctor who will perform a differential analysis of with similar diseases in its symptoms.
In addition, an experienced specialist will consider all the diseases that a patient may have. Anamnesis is the first stage in the diagnosis of lumbosacral radiculitis. Even at the very beginning of the survey, one can already assume that it led to the development of sciatica in the lumbosacral spine. Only after a thorough examination, the doctor prescribes additional methods of diagnosing the disease. Among them may be:
- laboratory( urinalysis and general blood test);
- methods with which you can visualize the disease( X-ray pictures, CT, MRI);
Treatment should take place in such conditions that the patient has been protected to the maximum. First of all, the patient should be given rest.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the patient's bed with radiculitis - it must be rigid, it is best to sleep on a special orthopedic mattress. It is advisable not only to limit the load on the lumbar spine, but also to minimize the movement of the damaged part of the .
It is possible to wear corsets, but not more than 3 hours a day. In addition, the treatment of radiculitis is almost always medically necessary.
The amount and timing of drug use is determined depending on the stage of the disease. Medication is used for local and systemic therapy.
The local treatment of is the use of ointments on the affected area, and systemic therapy means taking medications inwards or injecting. The primary goal of taking medicines is to remove the pain syndrome.
Systemic treatment of includes the following radiculitis tools:
Lumbosacral sciatica is one of the more common forms of musculoskeletal disorders. It develops due to degenerative-dystrophic disorders and squeezing the roots of the spinal cord. Complications of the functioning of vertebral disk systems lead to problems with the spine. The disease passes in several periods and is complicated by exacerbations. Lumbosacral sciatica, this disease, which, in most cases, people are more than 30 years old.
Inflammatory processes occurring in the lumbar-pelvic region of the back, similar to the signs of many disorders of this group of diseases. But unlike most, lumbar sciatica has a large number of signs, with which the therapist and the neurologist diagnose.
Diagnosis of the disease occurs mainly against the background of the symptoms of the disease. In order to check at what stage of development the disease is, what consequences it has already caused the doctor to conduct an examination and a survey. After evaluating the symptoms, the doctor prescribes the preliminary treatment and sends it to additional examinations.
Symptoms of lumbar sciatica
Inflammation of the lumbosacral spine is diagnosed in many ways. All of them are divided into several types:
- general symptoms.
The disease begins to develop with minor pain in the back area, which subsequently spreads from the lumbar vertebrae to the limbs. Most often, signs of dysfunction of spinal systems are noticed by patients two weeks after the disease began to develop. With increased symptoms for diagnosis, it is necessary to consult a therapist.
The most basic manifestation of lumbar radiculitis is pain in the lower back. The very first sign is the frequent sharp pain in the lower back. But the peculiarity of this disease lies in the fact that the pain syndrome is not localized in a certain place, but is able to spread to the lumbar, sacral parts and other parts of the body. There may be sudden pain in the region of the thigh and lower leg. In most cases, the discomfort initially arises in the lower back, and afterwards spreads to the hip area and below.
The signal about the presence of health problems has a characteristic manifestation from one or both sides. Painful sensations, with violations of the lumbar region, are possible in the buttocks, as well as on the inner side of the foot. However, this happens in very rare cases.
When referring to a doctor, patients most often complain of dull and sharp pain, which has a local or spreading character. This symptom is also characterized by a constant and periodic manifestation.
Constant discomfort in the back area leads to the fact that a person begins to tip the spine to the side where inflammation has occurred. Because of the frequent uneven position of the spinal column, its curvature and deformation occurs. In 70% of cases, patients suffering from this disease are also examined for other diseases.
As a result of the development of the lumbar disorder, the nerve roots of the vertebrae are damaged, which leads to a disruption in the functioning of nerve impulses. For this reason, there is increased sensitivity in the lower back. Most clearly, complications are reflected on the limbs. Periodically, there are feelings:
- burning sensation.
It is more than the nerves of compression that leads to the interruption of nerve impulses and, as a consequence, the disruption of the muscles. In the case of a prolonged progression of the full functioning of ligaments of the lumbar region and limbs leads to their atrophy or paresis.
With spine-bones disease, rapid fatigue and pain in the lower back occurs with prolonged exercise of any physical exertion. The spine starts to hurt even after a few simple movements. The patient experiences a brief sense of weakness.
Progression of lumbar sciatica is diagnosed with a combination of common symptoms. These include:
- problems when in one position for more than five minutes, constantly want to lie down and rest;
- disappearance of painful sensations when position changes;
- pain in the lower back is worse at night;
- no discomfort at rest;
- is a vegetative disorder;
- pronounced knee reflex;
- tension of the lumbar joints.
On examination, the doctor also pays attention to such indicators as hair loss on the skin surface of the legs. In palpation, in the case of a progressive form of the disease, the patient feels pain in the puddle, heel, center of the foot, waist and abdominal region, slightly below the navel.
Lumbosacral sciatica is determined by the physician-identified signs. All listed indicators were described by doctors as a result of a long examination of patients. Before diagnosing this disease, any specialist conducts a series of procedures for the confirmation of the diagnosis.
When examining a patient, each specialist should conduct an examination in accordance with established procedures.
Performing a variety of movements and the body's reaction can show whether a lumbosacral sciatica develops in the patient or if there is a possible other disease. It is very important that the doctor does not miss the presence of some symptom related to the disease.
The patient is lying on his back and raises his straight leg from the side of the inflamed lumbar-pelvic area. With this procedure, if a person develops lumbar radiculitis, there is a sudden increase in pain in the sacrum, waist, buttocks and the entire surface of the femur.
Having occupied the supine position, the patient changes his position to "sitting", which leads to a reflex bending of the diseased leg. Such an organism reaction arises with a progressing complication, when the lumbosacral department transfers the processes of negative changes.
Regardless of the position of the body, the patient makes a sharp tilt of the head. If there are inflammations in the lumbosacral vertebrae, the pain manifests itself in a more intense effect on the lower back.
Symptoms of inflammation of the lumbosacral part of the spine are strengthened when performing any abrupt action. Stiffness in performing any physical activity provokes degeneration of the muscular system.
The most pronounced symptom is the smoothing of the gluteal fold. Similarly, in the lumbar-vertebral part, at the site of inflammation there is swelling, redness and "petrification" of the muscles. What causes the patient considerable discomfort and reduce activity.
Symptoms of the development of the disease
Inflammation of the musculoskeletal system in most cases has a common system of manifestations of diseases. Since lumbosacral sciatica is most often a consequence of the progression of other vertebral column disorders, all symptoms of the lumbosacral region are a consequence of previous problems with the body.
To the violation of the full functionality of the muscular activity of the back, the appearance of painful sensations in the lower back and lower limbs, atrophy and degeneration of the joints in the lower back, leads to a disease such as radiculitis, the symptoms of which have a certain characteristic of manifestation. Only an expert can make an accurate diagnosis of these symptoms.
Symptomatic of this disease has a very complex characteristic. Not always all deviations are manifested simultaneously and the whole complex. At the first stages only obvious symptoms can be seen. But in the absence of timely treatment, the disease becomes more serious
When the first signs of inflammation in the back area appear, it is impossible to determine on its own that this lumbosacral radiculitis is impossible, that's why you should immediately seek help from medical specialists. It is very important not to complicate the disease, . As a violation of the normal functioning of the spine can lead to serious consequences, up to the paralysis of the limbs.
The pathology of the peripheral nervous system is accompanied by a disease that can make a person absolutely immobilized. And this is sciatica lumbosacral: treatment should only take place in a complex. The sooner the first and full course of restorative therapy is performed, the sooner a person will live without the symptoms of this terrible disease. It is believed that in the risk group are all those over forty who do not have a well-leaned muscle system.
Symptoms of back disease
The first thing a patient must clearly grasp is that radiculitis is a non-self-sustaining disease, but only a consequence of irreversible processes of the musculoskeletal system of the body. Symptoms of lumbosacral radiculitis determine its treatment and are as follows:
- Strong, long-lasting pain in the lower back. Doctors for this symptom have a capacious Latin word - lumbago. Subcooling, improper lifting of gravity can provoke another attack of lumbargia. Severe pain can last up to several days.
- Strong hamstring back pain, buttocks and even lower leg and foot. The medical term for this condition is sciatica. Pain shooting, sometimes with severe burning, accompanied by numbness and a strong sense of crawling crawling.
- Local pain in the lower back. With the back of the lower back, the pain may well come down to the buttock and back of the foot. Even nervous overexertion can become an aggravation of this disease( its term - any ischialgia).At the same time very quickly the disease becomes chronic.
Treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis should proceed according to the symptoms. This is the main guarantee of complete relief from pain. And immediately after the relief, it is worth analyzing your lifestyle in order to identify the cause of this complex problem. The fact is that radiculitis, being a consequence of serious diseases, is able to accompany a person all his life.
Causes of lumbosacral radiculitis
So, treatment for sciatica in the lumbosacral section should be not so much the back itself, as the problems that led to such a condition. Constant squeezing of the roots of the spinal cord leads to the appearance of severe forms of radiculitis. As a consequence, bundles of nerve fibers extend beyond the spinal cord. All this leads to irreversible processes.
The work of the whole spine and its mobility worsen, and the nerve endings are bent and directed to the extremities or even internal organs. That is why the medical treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis should not only be complex, but the doctor must also know the reasons for this condition of the patient. Most often the reasons that led to the appearance of radiculitis are:
- - advanced forms of osteochondrosis. This disease leads to the fact that the intervertebral disc forms a hernia. It, in turn, presses on the nerve roots;
- - the processes of degenerative-dystrophic changes associated with human aging. As a consequence, not only hernia, but also osteophytes arise.
- - tumors, injuries, arthritis. These conditions very quickly provoke radiculitis;
- - inflammation of soft tissues that are located next to the spine;
- is a large constant load on the spine column. It is noteworthy that professional sportsmen and those who work physically may be sick with severe forms of radiculitis.
A full study of the symptoms of the treatment of sciatica sciatica allows for proper treatment and choice of tactics for a further lifestyle. This will not reduce its quality and exist as fully as possible.
Medical methods of treatment of radiculitis
Conservative methods of alleviating the patient's condition suggest an initial relief of pain, and then correction of curvature of the spine. Possible and surgical intervention. Then you need to cut the hernia. In general, any patient admitted to a neurological department with a diagnosis of "radiculitis" will receive the following treatment:
- Maximum complete rest, in other words, "bed rest".
- Course of taking anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Preparation of drugs that can eliminate muscle spasm.
- Manual therapy, including spinal traction.
- Exercises from the complex of therapeutic physical training.
Proper treatment with radiculitis of the lumbosacral section will not only save you from the pain, but also cure the main problem. But it is noteworthy that without a change in lifestyle, sciatica will appear regularly. In other words, the passed course of drug treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis will not guarantee complete elimination of this disease.
Apparently, therefore, many ways of its treatment without medications have been invented. By the way, it is fair to say that truly folk methods quite often allow you to get rid of the symptoms of this insidious illness and for some time( sometimes quite long) forget about sciatica.
Folk treatment of
There are many ways and people that can alleviate the condition of a sick person.so, it may be folk treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis:
- - heating of the diseased area. This can be done with salt, a hot-water bottle, ironed with a natural cloth;
- - application of honey solution. For this, honey is mixed with an onion gruel. Now the mixture needs to spread a sore spot and wrap it all up with a food film. Then take cover with a warm blanket;
- - cover the back with a mixture of grated raw potatoes and horseradish root. Compress a towel, wash off not earlier than an hour.
All this does a good job and relieves pain, but only for a while. Radiculitis lumbosacral: it is impossible to cure folk remedies. The only thing that can happen is a relief of the condition. Complete cure is a cardinal change of a way of life. It is necessary to do physical exercises, pump up muscles( of course, do not overdo it), watch the weight, do not catch cold and do not lift huge weights. Compliance with these simple rules will allow the back to retain its youth and health for a long time.
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Lumbar( sciatica) radiculitis is called a disease of summer residents and office workers. The cause of the disease is inflammation of the radicular nerves in the spine. However, this type of radiculitis has its own peculiarities. They consist in the fact that the inflammation falls on that part of the spine that must withstand the greatest stress and provide the person with maximum mobility and therefore his timely and effective treatment is of great importance for the further normal life of the person.
The causes of radiculitis
It should be noted that radiculitis is not an independent disease, it is more the result of other deeper disorders in the work of the spine. Among such doctors are:
- osteochondrosis( in 95% of cases);
- intervertebral hernia;
- various degenerative-dystrophic processes.
The disease can also occur as a result of complications of internal diseases: cerebrospinal meningitis, syphilis, influenza, brucellosis, rheumatism, tuberculosis.
Signs of lumbosacral radiculitis
Of course, the main symptom of radiculitis is the appearance of pain. But do not be mistaken at the expense of the fact that the pain is the first sign, rather it is the most vivid symptom that causes the attention of .There are several types of pain syndrome:
- lumbargo( lumbago) - acute pain in the lumbar region, which can last from several minutes to several days. Pain causes muscle spasm. The reason - severe physical exertion or hypothermia;
- sciatica - painful sensations appear below the lower back( in the buttock) and can fall down the leg, up to the foot. Pain "shooting", like an electric shock, can be accompanied by weakness of the muscles;
- lumbosciagia - pain combines the two previous options. It arises in the lower back and gives in the leg. Patients complain of burning aching pains.
- violation or loss of sensitivity of the toes, there may also be a sensation of tingling, burning, "goosebumps."This is due to the squeezing of the radicular nerve in the lower back;
- muscle weakness;
- is a symptom of Lasega. Sharp pain in the lower back arises when the patient attempts to lift a straight leg( from the side of the inflammation focus) in a supine position.
Symptoms of lumbar radiculitis can also be:
- Bonnet symptom - gluteal fold in the patient on the side of the lesion;
- symptom of Bechterew. As a rule, rising from the reclining state to the "sitting" position, the patient slightly flexes the leg from the side affected by the disease;
- symptom Dejerine - with coughing or natuzhivaniem pain in the lumbar region is strengthened;
It should be noted that the disease is developing very rapidly and even the first symptoms can manifest themselves very intensely. The attack can occur even because of careless movement, prolonged body stay in a stationary or uncomfortable position, with a sudden increase in gravity. Virtually any stretching of the muscles in the region of the lower back can provoke the appearance of pain.
Treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis
In any case, the diagnosis of this disease, the characteristics of its symptoms treatment is assigned a complex, which includes, as taking medications and the use of ointments, so non-drug methods of exposure.
The combination of drugs and their dosage depends on the intensity of the manifestation of symptoms and the prescription of the disease. What does modern medicine use?
- ointments that are applied directly to the site above the inflammation focus;
- tablets: muscle relaxants( quickly stop muscle spasm), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( anesthetize, relieve inflammation and swelling);
- nyxes: anti-inflammatory drugs, a complex of vitamins, drugs that restore normal blood circulation and metabolism in the area of inflammation, hormones;
When specialists manage to stop pain syndrome, further treatment of lumbar radiculitis is carried out using a number of methods and techniques:
- physiotherapy is used to improve blood circulation in tissues around the inflamed nerve root. Physiotherapy techniques allow to reduce the pain to improve the conductivity of impulses along nerve fibers;
- acupuncture( IRT, acupuncture) helps restore the conduction of impulses along nerve fibers, by acting on biologically active points;
- exercise therapy( exercise therapy, gymnastics) - correctly selected set of exercises and physical exertion allows to restore normal biomechanics of the spine and habitual stereotypic movements. Systematic training in physical education stops degenerative processes in the spine, restores elasticity of muscles and ligaments, relieves compression of the root, prevents relapses of the disease.
Also in the treatment of this disease use: