Causes, symptoms of arthrosis, its complications and methods of treatment
What is arthrosis?
Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that is considered dystrophic and is associated with a slow destruction of the cartilage inside the joint. With arthrosis, over a long period of time, there are changes, restructuring of the joint ends of the bones, inflammation and degeneration of the periarticular tissues. In such a concept as "arthrosis" is also not yet a very large group of articular diseases of a degenerative-inflammatory nature that have different causes of origin and similar mechanisms of their development.
The likelihood of developing arthrosis increases many times with age. The disease affects both men and women equally, except for arthrosis of interphalangeal joints, as it is most often seen in women. Osteoarthritis overtakes people of working age - from 30 years and every year the number of cases is steadily and steadily increasing.
Causes of arthrosis
Arthrosis develops due to metabolic disorders in the joint, which in turn leads to the fact that the cartilage begins to lose elasticity. This can be facilitated by a complete or partial loss of proteoglycans from the cartilage, as a rule, because of rather deep cracks in the cartilage itself. The loss of proteoglycan can also occur for another reason: because of the failure of their production by the cells of the joint.
According to experts, metabolic disturbances, hormonal disorders, decreased joint blood flow, hereditary factors, elderly age, injuries, as well as diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and even psoriasis can become the reasons for the destruction of articular cartilages. Still, the most common cause of arthrosis is an unregulated load on the joints, while the cartilage can not resist it.
In addition, the following causes can affect the occurrence and development of arthrosis:
Previous injuries. It can be dislocations, bruises, fractures, ligament ruptures and other injuries.
Excess body weight, resulting in additional strain on the joints.
Inflammatory process in the joints - acute purulent arthritis.
Poor quality of power.
Diseases of an autoimmune nature - lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis.
Total intoxication of the body.
Specific inflammations - syphilis, tuberculosis, tick-borne encephalitis, gonorrhea.
Diseases of the thyroid gland.
Blood clotting disorder( hemophilia).
Perthes disease is a violation of the blood supply to the head of the femur.
It is also possible to identify several genetically determined causes leading to the development of arthrosis:
If arthrosis of the hand and fingers is considered, scientists have established that the so-called nodules of Bushard and Geberden, as a disease, can be inherited.
Disturbance of the formation of joints and ligamentous apparatus during the intrauterine period, which led to dysplasia. Against this background, there is a rapid wear of the joint and develops arthrosis.
Collagen mutations are of two kinds. When there are abnormalities in the structure of the fibrillar protein in the connective tissue, then there is a rapid destruction of the cartilage.
Also in the risk group, get such a disease in the near future as arthrosis, there are people whose trades are: mason, miner, fisherman, blacksmith, metallurgist - and other areas of activity associated with increased physical labor.
Symptoms of arthrosis
Symptom of arthrosis is pain when loaded on the joint, which subside when the joint is at rest;decreased mobility of the joint, crunch, a feeling of muscle tension in the joint region. Periodically affected by arthrosis joint can swell, and eventually deforms.
Consider the following 4 large groups of arthrosis symptoms:
Pain. The presence of pain is the first sign of arthrosis of the joints. It can be assumed that if any of their injuries there are similar feelings, but with arthrosis, the pain has some features. Firstly, it is the onset of severe pain or significant discomfort during the movement. It will be localized in the place where the diseased joint is located. When a person stops moving and passes into a state of rest - the pain passes.
At night, unpleasant sensations people almost do not experience, except during torso coups, finding the optimal position - the patient quietly falls asleep. There are pains during rest only at the stage of disease progression, they have some similarity with dental lumbago, when a person can not fall asleep. They show themselves closer to the morning - by 5 o'clock.
So, at the beginning of the pain there is almost no, it can be felt only with exercise or palpation, over time, the suffering of a person increases, and the joint needs more and more periods of rest. Then the life and at all turns into torture - the hyaline cartilage becomes thinner, the bone is exposed, osteophytes begin to grow. Sharp pains torment almost unceasingly, even more intensifying in bad weather and full moon.
Crunch. No less indicative symptom of arthrosis is the presence of a crunch. It becomes audible due to the fact that the softness of the rotation of bones in the joint is reduced, they rub against each other, so that a characteristic sound arises. The crunch can be heard in other diseases, and even when the joints are healthy. But it is the arthrosis crunch that differs in its "dry" sound. The more the disease progresses, the brighter the sound becomes. In this case, if you hear a crunch, you will feel pain. This is what makes it possible to distinguish the sound produced by joints in arthrosis from the usual inoffensive snapping.
Reduced mobility in joints is another characteristic symptom of arthrosis. At the initial stage, this phenomenon does not disturb the patient, but with the progression of arthrosis, the germination of bone neoplasms leads to the fact that the muscles spasmodically, and the joint gap almost completely disappears. This is the reason for the immobility of the limbs in the place of injury.
Deformation of the joint. Its modification is due to the fact that osteophytes grow on the surface of bones and synovial fluid arrives. Although deformity is one of the most late symptoms, when arthrosis has affected the joint already to a large extent.
The course of the disease is characterized by stages of exacerbation and stages of remission. This significantly complicates the independent diagnosis of arthrosis, relying only on their own sensations. Therefore it is necessary to apply for specification of the diagnosis to the doctor.
When carrying out an X-ray study, he will be able to detect the following signs, allowing to determine the degree of disease progression:
Stage 1 is characterized by the fact that there are no osteophytes, the joint gap can be somewhat narrowed.
In 2 stages there is a suspicion of a slight narrowing of the gap, osteophytes have already formed.
In 3 stages, the narrowing of the cleft is clearly visible, there are multiple osteophytes, the joint begins to deform.
Stage 4 is characterized by an almost complete absence of an articulation gap, multiple osteophytes, and significant deformation.
Complications of arthrosis
If the arthrosis is not given due attention, it can lead to timely and correct treatment, it can lead not only to complete destruction of the affected joint, but also to changes in the biomechanics of the spine, why hernias in the intervertebral discs may appear and the development of arthrosis in others,still healthy joints. The complication of joint arthrosis is better not to tolerate.
The following pathologies are the main complications of arthrosis:
Deformation of the joint.
Impossibility to implement movements.
Invalidation of the patient.
Disturbance of the biomechanics of the spine and other joints.
Herniation of intervertebral discs.
Decreased patient's standard of living.
Methods of treatment
To treat patient joints better at an early stage, the treatment itself must be pathogenetic and complex. The essence of the treatment is to remove the causes that contribute to the development of this disease, it is also necessary to eliminate the inflammatory changes and restore the functions that were lost earlier.
Complex treatment of arthrosis includes medicines that have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, and physiotherapy procedures that have an analgesic effect on the joints should also be performed. If the treatment is carried out in a sanatorium resort, it consists of climatic conditions that favorably affect the joints, as well as the use of mineral waters and mud.
Several basic principles are based on the treatment of arthrosis:
Damaged joints should be freed from excessive load. If possible, at the time of treatment, it should generally be minimized.
Following the established orthopedic regimen.
Classes of physiotherapy.
Passage of the course of physiotherapy, which includes magneto and electrotherapy, shock wave, and laser therapy.
Sanatorium treatment. This is necessary once a year, on the recommendation of a doctor to undergo a course of treatment at specialized resorts.
Saturation of the joint with oxygen, or so-called intra-articular oxygen therapy.
Intraosseous blockades, as well as decompression of metaepiphysis.
Rational approach to nutrition.
Let's consider more in detail medicamentous treatment:
Anti-inflammatory drugs. Approaching the therapy of arthrosis in a complex way, you can slow down the course of the disease and greatly improve the quality of life. In more detail it is worthwhile to dwell on some points of treatment. In particular, drug therapy includes, at the initial stage, the removal of the pain syndrome, as well as the elimination of the inflammatory processes that occur in the joints. To do this, all doctors use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Experienced doctors do not recommend their oral use, since these drugs greatly irritate the walls of the stomach. Therefore, depending on the drug chosen, either intravenous or intramuscular injection is used. Sometimes as ancillary agents, NVSPs are used in the form of ointments, but their absorption is extremely low, so a significant effect can not be achieved.
Hormonal corticosteroids. When arthrosis is at the stage of exacerbation, it is advisable to take hormonal short steroids. They are injected into the joint, using such drugs as hydrocortisone or diprospan. Outwardly you can use a special plaster, ointment or tincture, which are made on the basis of hot pepper.
The chondroprotectors aimed at restoring the cartilage and improving the quality of the synovial fluid will not be superfluous. As the most common means of this group are used glucosamine, or chondroitin sulfate.
The course lasts a fairly long period of time, until the moment when there is an improvement. Nevertheless, if the expected effect does not appear during the six-month period, the drugs should be discontinued. Also intraarticularly, along with chondroprotectors, the use of drugs based on hyaluronic acid is advisable. They contribute to the formation of a shell of cells responsible for the formation of cartilage of the joint.
Diacerein. The treatment regimen can be supplemented by the reception of diacerein, which facilitates the degeneration of cartilage tissues. But the effect of instantaneous waiting does not follow, as a rule, improvements occur after two weeks or even a month, after the first intake.
If the case is particularly severe, the use of narcotic analgesics may be prescribed. But they are used very rarely, when the remaining funds did not bring the desired effect.
Proper nutrition with arthrosis
Separately, it is worth considering the nutrition during the exacerbation of the disease. There are also certain recommendations - you can not overeat, as this will contribute to the accumulation of extra pounds, but you can not go hungry, as the supply of cartilage with important elements will be disrupted. The primary task that faces a patient with excess weight is to reduce it. To do this, simply remove the fast carbohydrates from the diet, they are contained in all flour products and sweets. The prohibition is alcohol, and first of all beer.
There are absolutely no complaints about fish dishes - they can be consumed quite a lot, naturally, in reasonable quantities. But one should not lean on its too fatty varieties, so as they are high in calories, which means that extra pounds will not keep you waiting.
An important role in the treatment of arthrosis is taken away from the cold. Surprisingly, but this particular dish is recommended for inclusion in the diet of all physicians. Such food will be a real storehouse of microelements for joints. The most important component in the cold is collagen of natural origin. It is absorbed by the body fairly quickly and is the basis of any connective tissue. Thanks to the regular consumption of the holland, you can achieve good results - the joints will become more mobile, the lining of their tissues - elastic, and the cartilage and bones will gain strength.
Do not forget about the regular intake of vitamins with food. For patients with arthrosis, vitamins of group B are especially important. They are responsible for ensuring that the metabolism passes without unnecessary failures. And there, where the metabolism is debugged - there and the joints feel great. Thanks to thiamine from beans and peas, the synthesis of fats, carbohydrates and proteins will be accelerated.
Pyridoxine will help in the production of hemoglobin." Get it" can be eaten with bananas, nuts, cabbage and potatoes. It is worth to be fond of greens and legumes. They will become a source of folic acid. It will be useful to the liver, mushrooms, dairy products, as well as eggs. They are rich in riboflavin. You can, of course, consume and vitamin complexes, but from the products all the necessary elements are absorbed better, and hence the process of restoring the cartilage will go faster.
The basic principles of nutrition for arthrosis are as follows:
Do not consume heavy food at night, so as not to cause an attack of arthrosis.
To eat fractional.
Constantly monitor weight, in order to avoid weight gain, and therefore additional burden on the patient's joints.
When there is no exacerbation of the disease - go for a walk after eating.
Menu must be balanced, compiled with the attending physician.
Following the prescribed treatment regimen, it can be achieved that the disease recedes, and the damaged tissues begin to recover.
Author of the article: Kaplan Alexander Sergeevich, Trauma Physician, orthopedist
Arthrosis of the joints of the hands: symptoms and treatment
The main cause of the common degenerative disease is arthrosis of the hands - damage to the cartilaginous tissue of the joints. The most often suffer wrist, metacarpophalangeal, distal( located at the base of the finger pad) interphalangeal and proximal( located at the center of the fingers) interphalangeal joints. Significant less often affected elbow or shoulder joints.
In arthrosis, the cartilage of the joint, simply speaking, wears out more quickly. Because of this, the bones begin to rub against each other without damping, there is inflammation, stiffness and painful sensations. To maintain the functionality of the joints and relieve the pain, patients are prescribed medication, special gymnastics, diet, sometimes it is recommended to change the way of life.
Causes and Risk Factors of
The main cause of development of arthrosis is premature wear of cartilage tissue. In some people cartilaginous tissue can worn at a fairly young age( 20-30 years), while others in 60 do not know about such a disease. It depends on many factors, some of which can not be avoided in principle.
The disease itself is not inherited, but some factors contributing to its development - yes. This, for example, strength, elasticity and density of cartilaginous tissue, metabolic features, etc.
Age - another uncontrollable risk factor. The older we become, the more all tissues in the body wear out, including articular cartilage, and the higher the risk of developing the disease.
Professional activity can also be involved in the development of pathology. Mainly it concerns people and sportsmen, whose hands are exposed to great loads: builders, loaders, weightlifters, boxers. Due to prolonged and excessive loads, the cartilaginous tissue wears out faster, preventing friction of bones against each other.
Symptoms of arthrosis of the hands can manifest themselves in different ways. The most characteristic are the following:
- painful sensations with various actions performed by the hands: compression of the hand into a fist, seizure of objects, flexion of the arm at the elbow, shoulder, etc.;
- stiffness, immobility of joints, especially pronounced after a night's sleep;
- atypical difficulty in the performance of ordinary affairs( the feeling that there is not enough strength, for example, to open a jar or move an object from place to place);
- significant weakening of the gripping force( compression) of the brush;
- crunching in the joints;
- swelling, swelling of the fist or area near the wrist;
- formation of Heberden's nodules and / or Bušar's nodules.
Geberden's nodules are osteophytes or bone spurs. These are expanding seals that form on the bones at the junction of phalanges of the fingers. Geberden's nodules are usually round, solid, seemingly swollen. They are formed mainly on the distal and proximal interphalangeal joints. The proximal joints are also called Buschar's nodules.
Modern methods of treatment
Patients with arthrosis of the hands can be assigned various methods of treatment, including medicamental therapy, therapeutic gymnastics, special diet. In advanced and severe cases resort to surgical intervention.
For analgesia, analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) are used. NSAIDs dispensed from pharmacies without a prescription can not only relieve pain, but also eliminate inflammation. If these medications do not help, the doctor can prescribe a prescription for stronger means. If, and in that case, the treatment does not give the desired effect, go to injections. When analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs are injected directly into the joint cavity, pain and inflammation recede almost instantaneously, and the result can be preserved for several months.
Rigid, painful joints greatly affect how a person uses their hands. For many patients, everyday matters become very difficult. Develop joints will help special exercises, which should be performed several times a day:
- unclench and clench fists in turn;
- alternately touch the pincushion of each finger to the base of the thumb, and the thumb pad to the base of the little finger;
- squeeze a soft object in your hand, for example, a ball, holding the brush in the compressed position for a few seconds;
- placing the palm on a firm surface, lift each finger vertically upwards;
- "go" with your fingers on the table forwards or backwards or on the wall up and down;
- for arthrosis of elbows do the following exercise: sitting at the table, put an elongated hand on the tabletop and do tapping with the fingertips( with the whole brush) for 10-15 minutes - these are exercises for elbows;
- if the shoulder joint is affected, it is possible to do the swinging movements, however, it is much more effective to perform them in the water - think about entering the pool.
By changing their lifestyle, patients can better control their illness and suffer less from it. Hot paraffin baths and cold compresses are a good folk remedy for pain and swelling. Use compresses as needed, as well as between medications.
Wearing special bandages, gloves or elastic bandages stabilizes the position of the affected joints and gives them the necessary support. Due to this, you can avoid exacerbating the symptoms. Ask your doctor which supplements will work best for you.
Think about replacing some items in your home( kitchen utensils, cleaning tools).Such things should have thick and comfortable handles that do not require much effort to grip and use.
Be sure to follow the rules of healthy eating. The diet should include vegetables, whole grains, low-fat fish and meat. Keep an eye on the amount of sugar, salt and fat consumed - this will help to avoid excess weight gain( with excessive body weight, the joints are subjected to an additional load).Pay attention to vegetables and fruits of dark color( see the list below) - they contain substances that suppress inflammatory processes in the whole body, including joints.
Recommended for use:
red and violet grades of grapes;
forest berries( raspberries, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, etc.);
greens( spinach, lettuce, parsley, celery, etc.);
Citrus( especially red orange and grapefruit).
When the disease is not amenable to drug treatment, does not respond to changes in lifestyle and nutrition, the question arises of surgical intervention. In the case of treatment of larger joints( knee, hip, elbows), they are usually assigned a partial or complete replacement. Small joints( interphalangeal) simply bind or reconstruct. By combining the bones, the affected part of the hand is immobilized, but with it the pain also disappears. During the reconstruction, the cartilage is replaced, the soft tissue for which is taken from other parts of the body.
In the photo - the female hand completely
The defeat of the hands with arthrosis begins slowly, with the passage of time the symptoms intensify, and the tissue damage becomes more pronounced. This disease can not be cured, but can be successfully controlled. In time, having seen the symptoms and taking timely measures, it is realistic to expect a comfortable life without pain and torture. If you notice the first signs of ailment, do not try to mask them or suffer pain - consult a doctor for diagnosis and( if necessary) drawing up an effective treatment program.
Arthritis and joint arthrosis - differences, symptoms and treatment
Although arthrosis and arthritis have something in common, these terms mean different things. Many confuse these two diseases, others replace their definitions. That is why we clarify the concepts.
all about this topic
What is arthritis?
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. The cause of the disease may be infection, trauma, excess weight or obesity, metabolic disorders. Arthritis can also be a consequence of autoimmune disorders. Autoimmune disorders are diseases in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the body and destroys healthy cells and tissues.
With the right cause, treatment of arthritis can be successful. Nevertheless, the disease can be prolonged and develop into a chronic one. Inflammation of the joints with arthritis is manifested by their redness, swelling, increased temperature in this area and pain.
This disease combines all kinds of inflammation of the joints. There are more than 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common are rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and gout.
Treatment of these diseases is aimed at improving the functions of the joints, arresting pain and preventing their deformation. Effective treatment of the disease along with taking medications includes physical therapy, exercise, diet. In difficult cases resort to arthroplasty and arthroplasty.
What causes arthritis?
Arthritis develops when the cartilage that protects the joint is destroyed. Cartilage plays the role of a pillow, protecting the joint from excessive load. With considerable wear of the cartilage, the friction of the bones of the joint increases.
How is the disease diagnosed?
Initially, a physical examination and examination of a patient's heredity is performed by a specialist physician. The purpose of the examination is to determine if there is fluid around the affected joint, temperature, swelling and tenderness, as well as assess signs of impaired joint function.
In addition, x-rays, blood tests and a sample of fluid from the joint are prescribed. Deformity of the joint can be a sign of a severe form of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis or arthritis?
The name of arthrosis is derived from the Greek word "arthros", which means "joint".Osteoarthritis has two meanings. Initially, it is a joint that connects two bones to facilitate movement, but in relation to arthritis - this is a kind of chronic joint disease, aggravated over time.
Osteoarthritis is an abbreviated name for osteoarthritis, one of the varieties of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is included in the group of arthritis diseases. Although both diseases are associated with joints, but each has its own distinctive features.
What is arthrosis?
Osteoarthritis, unlike arthritis, it is not an inflammatory disease. Nevertheless, it leads to the destruction of joints. The causes of arthrosis can be age, natural wear of joints or trauma.
Osteoarthritis or osteoarthritis causes severe pain and swelling of the joint. As a rule, it affects all the joints of the body. Over time, diseased joints lose flexibility and amplitude of motion. The most vulnerable areas are the thigh, knees and spine.
Treatment of arthrosis consists in taking anti-inflammatory drugs, physiotherapy and gentle exercises. There are several varieties of arthrosis, for example, genarthrosis, lumbararthrosis, coxarthrosis, etc. When joint pains, it is necessary, without delay, to see a doctor to check their condition and make a diagnosis.
Among the differences between arthrosis and arthritis is one of the main - inflammatory or non-inflammatory nature of the disease. Since arthrosis is a part of the arthritis group, it is not always easy to distinguish some symptoms from others, the patient may suffer from arthritis, and the symptoms may indicate arthrosis.
Treatment of arthritis
This disease can cause unbearable pain and discomfort, in which some drugs may not be enough. Moreover, the prescribed drugs can suppress symptoms, but not cure the disease itself. If you, like thousands of others with arthritis, are desperately looking for a way to get rid of it, the Provailen dietary supplement can be an effective supplement to the basic treatment.
Provailen is an effective natural cure for arthritis, approved by the Food and Drug Administration( USA).An increasing number of patients and experts in the treatment of arthritis in the world are convinced of its effectiveness. He has no side effects and brings great relief in painful pains in joints affected by arthritis.
The food additive Provailen contains carefully studied ingredients, including a strong extract of the Reishi mushroom( lacquered tinder).Mushroom Reishi has been known since ancient times and has been repeatedly tested in the treatment of numerous diseases.
Food supplement Provailen is a guaranteed way to avoid intestinal bleeding, stomach ulcers, liver and kidney damage, serious cardiovascular complications, which is the result of side effects of medications for arthritis.
Provailen can be successfully treated with both arthritis and arthrosis.© Authors and Reviewers: Editorial Team of the Health Portal "On Health!".All rights reserved.
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Symptoms and treatment of foot arthrosis
Arthrosis of the foot is a degenerative joint disease that manifests itself in the form of soft tissue inflammation and cartilage destruction. Such changes in tissues arise due to metabolic disturbances in cartilage tissue and deterioration of blood microcirculation in them. Until now, scientists can not figure out the reason for this kind of change.
Symptoms of arthrosis of foot
The most typical and bright symptom in arthrosis of the foot can perhaps be called pain in it. In the foot area there is a slight puffiness, slight reddening and a slight increase in temperature in the area of edema, as a consequence of the course of the inflammatory process. In this case, the movement of the foot is difficult and very painful. Patients with arthrosis of the foot can be recognized by easy limping.
The main and, perhaps, the most effective method of diagnosing arthrosis of the joints of the foot is radiography. The patient can see a change in the image from the articular surface of the bone of the foot forming the joint, namely, narrowing of the joint gap and unevenness of the bone surface.
Depending on the clinic, the disease distinguishes three stages of arthrosis of the foot( the first metatarsophalangeal joint):
- Arthrosis of the foot 1 degree. At the initial stage of the disease, periodic pain in the anterior part of the foot is observed. This is especially noticeable with a heavy load and entails rapid fatigue.
- Osteoarthritis of the of the 2nd degree. Painful sensations are more pronounced than in the initial( first) stage, the thickening of the head of the first metatarsal bone becomes noticeable. This kind of thickening grows in the form of so-called "bones" and leads to an insignificant restriction of the motion of the joint of the foot. If the load on the leg continues for a long time, then there may be a permanent pain syndrome.
- Osteoarthritis of the foot of the third degree. At this stage of arthrosis, the patient has a significant and clearly visible deformation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, and movement becomes practically impossible. The thumb of the patient's foot is lowered downwards, and only minor movements are possible, and only in the plantar side.
Patients with deforming arthrosis of the foot can easily be recognized by their characteristic gait. During walking, the patient tries to shift the load to the outer edge of the foot, trying to reduce the pain associated with the physical effect on the painful joint. In the area of increased load, painful corns can manifest under the main phalanx of the first finger. Significant pain in the foot is felt not only during walking, but also at rest. In patients, there is a decrease in work capacity and fatigue.
Arthrosis of the foot: treatment of
Treatment of arthrosis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, as well as treatment of arthrosis of other joints, is still based on conservative methods of treatment.
Initially, the patient is prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs reduce the pain syndrome and relieve the inflammatory process. To such preparations, the most often applied include: orthophene, piroxicam, ibuprofen, indomethocin and many others. As physiotherapeutic procedures, magnetotherapy, UHF therapy, low-intensity laser irradiation, electrophoresis and phonophoresis are used.
In the absence of positive dynamics, the local administration of steroid drugs is directly administered to the problem joint and preparations are prescribed that improve the metabolism in the tissues of the articular cartilage.
And only if these procedures become impotent, the patient is assigned a surgical procedure.
Treatment of foot arthrosis with folk remedies
Today, many recipes for the treatment of arthrosis, used by our grandmothers, are known. The pain in the joints helps potatoes boiled in uniforms. It is boiled, kneaded, and I drink three times a day for 1/3 cup. Plus the ability to lose weight is added to the pain relief in the joints.
You can also crush the chalk, add a bit of kefir and mix it with a paste like a compress on the painful joint
Knee arthrosis deformans: symptoms and treatment
Pathological disorders in the musculoskeletal system result in the development of multiplediseases that rapidly progress, have a chronic course and significantly impair the quality of life of a person. The most common disease is deforming arthrosis of the knee, which is characterized by the damage to the cartilage tissues in the joint by their deformation in the structure of the head of the bone. In medicine, this disease is called gonarthrosis, and in people "deposition of salts."
According to WHO statistics, 30% of the population is diagnosed with knee arthrosis deforming, whose treatment should be performed under the supervision of a doctor. Women are more likely to fall into risk groups after 40 years, less often men.
Deforming arthrosis of the knee joint is a degenerative - dystrophic disease that has a chronic course with the lesion of not only the joints, but also ligaments, bones, periarticular muscles and membranes.
Causes of the disease
There are many causes of gonarthrosis, which are divided into primary and secondary . Primary form of disease develops as a result of frequent physical exertion, also age-related changes, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, predisposition to disease. Secondary form of develops with various knee injuries, with concomitant diseases: circulatory disorders, diabetes mellitus, endocrine disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, gout autoimmune diseases and other pathological processes.
The deforming arthrosis of the knee joint has several stages of severity, which have their own characteristics, symptoms or causes.
Symptoms of deforming joint arthrosis
Clinical symptoms of the disease depend on the stage of development. There are 3 stages of deforming arthrosis of the knee joint, the symptoms of which should alert the person.
In the initial stage of the disease, the patient does not feel significant changes, and only periodic pain and discomfort in the knee joint bother the person after physical exertion or after a long walk. The pains are dull and pass after rest. The second stage, characterized by prolonged painful sensations in the knee joint, also shows a morning stiffness, a sensation of crunch. Pains, after a massage or a small exercise, are also removed with analgesics.
The third stage of gonarthrosis is accompanied by constant pain, which is aggravated by any movement or physical exertion. Patients, feel pain when changing weather, significantly impaired mobility in the joint of the knee, as well as expressed limitations in movement. In addition to constant pain, there is swelling of the joint, deformation, lameness when walking.
Disease The doctor will be able to diagnose deforming arthrosis of the knee joint after examining the patient, and a number of diagnostic methods are assigned, on the results of which the doctor diagnoses:
- magnetic resonance imaging, which will help to identify violations, localization, disease progression in the early stages.
Treatment of gonarthrosis
After the results of the study, the doctor will be able to diagnose and prescribe the treatment. With deforming arthrosis of the knee joint, treatment is performed with conservative or surgical methods, it depends on the stage of the disease progression. To conduct treatment should the doctor - orthopedist.
Conservative treatment consists of taking medications, physiotherapy procedures, physiotherapy exercises, proper nutrition and lifestyle.
Medical therapy: It is considered necessary to take medications that will help reduce pain, remove the inflammatory process, which significantly improve the patient's condition. Usually, the doctor prescribes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Ibuprofen, Dolaren, Orthofen, also during the acute period, corticosteroids are prescribed, chondroprotectors that will be able to maintain the functionality of the joint. In more severe cases, when medicines do not relieve pain and inflammation, intra-articular injections of glucocorticosteroids are prescribed: Triamcinolone, Betamethasone and others. Preparations are given in the form of tablets, capsules, ointments, creams, intra-articular injections.
Effective for treatment are considered drugs with a component of cartilaginous tissue, which are able to restore the structure of the cartilage joint. These drugs include: Structum, Alflutop, Donna, Chondroxide, Teraflex.
Therapeutic and physiotherapeutic procedures and exercises: The physiotherapeutic procedures are considered to be an effective method of treatment: electrophoresis, laser therapy, ultraviolet irradiation which help improve blood circulation and cartilage regeneration. Effective is a therapeutic massage, which helps to expand the vessels and restore the function of the knee joint. It is recommended to conduct daily physical exercises that strengthen muscles, improve blood circulation. Particular attention should be given to nutrition, which must contain products containing vitamins, minerals, proteins and other nutrients and nutrients.
Surgical treatment: If conservative treatment does not give positive results, and the disease progresses, then the doctor prescribes surgical intervention. There are several methods of surgical treatment. One of the most effective is joint replacement, which is performed by replacing the patient knee joint with an artificial prosthesis.
It is very important, in a timely manner, to seek help from a doctor who can diagnose the disease at an early stage and carry out effective treatment.
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