Lfk with flat feet in children

LFK with flat feet: ten simple exercises

A growing baby can have a huge number of different problems. One of them is a flatfoot. How to cope with the problem without harming the health of the child?

lfc with flat feet

About

Flatness is the deformation of a person's foot, which, in principle, does not bring any particular discomfort. It should be noted that in children under the age of seven, there is no such problem at all, because by this time most often everything goes by itself: the flatfoot disappears, the foot function is normalized. However, even for preventive purposes, it is good to conduct certain activities with a child of any age. Excellent treatment will help physical exercise - exercise therapy with flat feet. By the way, this is probably the most effective way to deal with the problem.

Exercise 1

What kind of exercises can the course of exercise therapy consist of? With flatfoot, the following set of exercises will help. First: the child should be given a bottle, a small ball or a pin. He will have to roll this object with his foot. First one, then another.

Exercise 2

The next exercise. To do this, the child should sit on the floor, bend his legs, and put the feet exactly on the floor. Under the legs of the baby you need to put a long towel, which he with the fingers of his feet should push the boot under him. It is forbidden to tear the foot off the floor. First, the procedure is done with one foot, then the second.

Exercise 3

The next exercise of the exercise therapy for flat feet. The child should unbend his knees, stretch out sitting and with the thumb of one leg to hold on lifting the other leg in the direction from the foot to the knee. Such stroking should be repeated 3-4 times with each leg.

lfk with flat feet in children

Exercise 4

What else does exercise therapy require when flanking? For the next exercise, you will need small details - pens, pencils, erasers. They need to be spread out on the floor, and the child must collect all this with his toes and distribute them to different piles. The procedure is to hold one, and then the second leg.

Exercise 5

Now you need to learn how to draw with your feet! A pencil is clamped between the child and he must draw the picture suggested to him. You can even arrange a contest, which foot is better to do it.

Exercise 6

The following exercise of exercise therapy with flat feet in children is very helpful: the child needs to sit on the floor and bend his knees. Now with the toes of the foot it is necessary to make movements of the caterpillar: squeezing and unclenching the toes slightly to move forward. If there are several children, you can even arrange fun starts!

lfk with flatfoot exercise

Exercise 7

The next exercise is also done in the sitting position. The kid should spread his knees, and put the feet to each other. Next, he needs to straighten his legs so that the position of the feet does not change at all.

Exercise 8

What else does exercise therapy require when flanking? Exercises must be diverse. Next: the child should sit down and straighten his legs, he just needs to describe the circular movement.

Exercise 9

What else can I do? The child should sit down, bend his knees and touch the floor with his fingers, making movements similar to the drum roll.

Exercise 10

The last exercise from the complex to combat flatfoot: the baby just needs to just walk on his heels.

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Plane exercises in children

Physiotherapy exercises with certain exercises for the feet and feet are prescribed for children with all forms of flatfoot. Gymnastics with flatfoot provides normalization of the motor system, increases the strength of the muscles of the legs, increases the physical performance of children

What are the tasks of exercise therapy with flatfoot?

Physiotherapy exercises with flat feet in children poses the following tasks:

  1. Correction of deformity in the form of flattening of arches in children
  2. Elimination of the altered position of the heel and the resulting contracture.
  3. The formation of correct posture in children

In the technique of exercise therapy, special exercises for flat feet are combined with general development.

At the first stage of gymnastics, exercise is used from the original positions lying and sitting. The goal is unloading stops. These exercises are combined with massage, thus the normalization of the tonus of the calf muscles occurs.

What exercises are special for flat feet?

For special exercises with flat feet doctors refer to exercises for toes with a gradual increase in its load. Recommended exercises with the capture of various objects with your toes, rolling of tennis balls, pencils, stick soles.

To fix the effect, orthopedists offer different types of walking. Normal walking is combined with walking on toes, on the heels, on the outer and inner edges of the foot. During the lessons, auxiliary objects, special adaptations in the form of bevelled surfaces, ribbed boards are used.

All special exercises are given in increasing dosage and combined with general developmental exercises.

The effectiveness of therapeutic gymnastics is enhanced by complex treatment in combination with a rational motor regimen and the wearing of special orthopedic shoes.

Complex of special exercises with flatfoot for use in exercise therapy exercises.

Exercises from the original lying position:

  1. Pull the toes of the feet, alternately and together, lifting and turning them inside
  2. Leaning feet in the floor, bend your knees. Spread the heels apart and return to their original position.
  3. Lying on the back, lift the heels off the floor together and alternately, the toes do not come off the floor.
  4. Lying on your back to divorce the hips and bend your knees, touch the plantar side of the feet to each other. Bend and unbend the feet in the heel area, placing emphasis on the front of the foot.
  5. Sliding movements to spend a foot along the shin of the other leg. Change your legs.

Exercises from the initial sitting position:

  1. Bind the feet together and alternately
  2. Bend the legs in the knees, place the feet parallel, raise the heels together and in turn.
  3. Take a pencil with your fingers and draw on paper lying on the floor.
  4. Place the shin of one leg on the knee of the other. Do circular movements of the foot in different directions. You can help with your hand. Repeat the same with the other foot.
  5. Circle the ball with your feet and lift it;
  6. Put the fabric under your feet and crush it;
  7. Grab your toes with small toes in turn and shift them to the side. Repeat the other way.

Exercises from the standing position standing:

  1. Place the legs parallel to the width of the foot, hands on the belt. Stand on the socks together and alternately. Raise yourself on the heels together and alternately. Roll over for 30 seconds from heels to socks and back.
  2. Squat on your toes, crouch on your half-bent legs.
  3. Stand on the outer edges of the feet, then return to the starting position.
  4. Stand on the gymnastics stick, put the stops parallel. Do sit-ups and half-squats.

Exercises in motion while walking:

  1. Alternate walking on toes with walking on heels.
  2. Alternate walking on the outer edges of the feet with walking on toes and heels with half-bent knees.
  3. Alternate walking on toes and heels with walking on the outer edges of the feet on the ribbed board
  4. Alternate walking on the toes and heels with walking on the outer edges of the feet on the inclined board

It is possible to perform exercise exercises and gymnastics for children with flat feet not only in a medical institution. Such simple exercises can( and should be!) Performed at home, using a massage mat. It is desirable to do gymnastics in the morning.

After completing the exercises, it is advisable to massage the feet and ankles, rinse with cool water and again actively rub the feet with a hard terry towel.

If the child does not want to do the exercises, try playing with him in different animals. Walk with him on socks, on tiptoe, on the heels. Be a "bunny" or "bearded bear", arrange a contest for the best drawing, made with a pencil, fingers clamped feet. Perekutyvayte ball, cross the croup with your toes. The child will respond with pleasure to any game offered by parents. And you "kill" several hares at once, having fun talking with the child, giving positive emotions to the kid and yourself and you will spend a treatment session of flatfoot.

Copyright © 2014, pediatrics

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Exercises for flat feet in children - lfk and gymnastics at different ages + video

From the first days of

Already after birth, parents should constantly strengthen not only the ligaments and muscles of the foot, butand the lower leg. It is useful to start the first steps with walking on sand, pebbles or earth.

One of the best ways to overcome flatfoot is to walk barefoot on the grass

Gymnastics can be done by the child and the parents themselves, the position of the child at the same time - on the back or stomach. All the fingers need to be kneaded, especially the first one, it is with the greatest support. Attention will require a stop, the emphasis is on its inner edge, as well as the shin and its front surface. You can apply all exercises of gymnastics, which help to strengthen the arch of the foot.

These exercises are:

  • turning the foot into the inside;
  • bending to the rear;
  • sliding movements of one foot, along the shin of the other leg;
  • attempt to collect small objects with fingers;
  • sliding and spreading of toes;
  • rolling by the feet of a small ball;
  • squatting on a stick located under the feet;

Effective exercise - rolling the ball with the foot

A good combination gives gymnastics and warm, as well as contrasting( when cool water alternates with a warm) foot bath. Gymnastics begin after the bath.

Physiotherapy

Adopt exercise therapy can and form the game, which will be very interesting for the child, especially the early age. To walk it is useful on a rolling pin or to pick up subjects, using only legs, to climb on a Swedish wall.

When a child begins to walk, which occurs after about one year, the course of curative gymnastics is gradually expanding.

In this period it is useful to walk on toes and heels, it is important for parents to find such a form of play that the child will happily perform everything. It is useful to walk using only the outer or inner edge of the foot, you can roll any object with a foot or use a roller massager.

For the treatment of flatfoot you can use special massagers

Up to 5 years old the child is not recommended to wear felt boots, as well as soft slippers, sandals in which there are open heels. It is important to constantly monitor and suppress the desire of girls to wear high heels, as well as shoes with a narrow toe.

It is useful, while the foot is not strengthened, swimming, only it is necessary to put emphasis on the work of feet.

Children who reached school age should be engaged in exercise therapy under the supervision of an experienced doctor. At this stage, along with exercise therapy it is useful to massage the muscles of the shins and feet. And also use physiotherapy procedures, such as electrical stimulation of the anterior and posterior groups of the calf muscles.

In case of correct and competent combination of all of the above, the result will not take long. But if the child is worried about constant fatigue or pain, then the use of instep support is required. These special insoles help keep the feet in a stationary state, which allows the muscles to relax.

The supporter will help to form the correct outline of the foot

. Children in preschool age, unlike the older group, use foot insteps or orthopedic shoes as treatment or prophylaxis is not recommended. The reason lies in the fact that the foot undergoes formation and its fixation contributes to the fact that the muscles of the shins and feet are weakened, and the condition in the meantime deteriorates.

A child's exercise is performed twice a day throughout the day. Optimal to spend them for an hour and a half before going to bed or an hour after the child ate. The duration of the whole complex should not exceed fifteen minutes. If the exercises are carried out at home, then it is important to conduct them regularly and gradually, constantly increasing the load, because the ultimate goal is to strengthen the muscles not only the legs, but also the feet.

To conduct exercises you need barefoot, and to monitor the correctness of their implementation should the parents themselves and, if possible, a doctor or instructor LFK.It is also important to constantly monitor that the exercises do not cause fatigue or pain.

Complex for preschool age

Each set of exercises for preschool children is individual, and before you do it, you need to consult a doctor, maybe he has an opinion on this.

  1. You can start everything by bending and unbending the legs in the sitting position. Perform the exercise alternately from 5 to 10 times each foot.
  2. Next, you turn the stops in different directions several times, you have to do everything in the sitting position.
  3. After they start the exercise "Swing", which is performed on the socks, and after the child descends on the heels, the frequency of execution is up to 10 times.
  4. Walking is useful on socks or heels, and then stand on your fingers and in this position perform several sit-ups.
  5. It is useful to lift various small objects from the floor, for example, pencils or pens, balls, small toys.
  6. After you can grab a pencil, using your toes, and draw them something on a piece of paper.
  7. Several times you need to move and spread your toes.
  8. Finish everything by walking on the outside or inside of the foot.

A set of exercises useful for flatfoot

You do not need to do everything at once, you can start with five or six tasks, and after increasing their number. It is important to keep everything in order in order to ensure that the child does everything with pleasure.

For school age

If the starting position on the chair, then produce everything in an amount from 1 to 8 times, and if standing, then from 9 to 18.

  1. Begin with the breeding and information of the heels, but the socks should not come off the floor.
  2. After you need to grab a ball in the foot and raise it above the floor.
  3. Perform the maximum extension and bending of the feet, and then try to grab and lift from the floor various small objects, for example, pebbles or pencils.
  4. Slide forward and back with your fingers.
  5. Press the rubber ball with your feet, pick up the mat from the fabric with your toes or roll the rolling pin with your feet.
  6. Rolling from heel to toe and backwards is performed.
  7. Doing sit-ups and half-squats on the toes, and hands in the meantime are bred to the sides, up or forward.
  8. It is useful to walk on various subjects, for example, on a gymnastic stick, a beam with an inclined surface, a ribbed board, a foam mattress, in place using a massage mat.

Exercises for children with platypodia

To prevent the development of flat feet in a child, you can simply buy and lay a massage mat in the bathroom. During the reception of hygienic procedures at least twice a day, the child stands barefoot on the rug and stands on toes, rolling from the heel to the toe, becomes on the outer edge of the sole. And it will be excellent gymnastics for feet.

A win-win option is a massage mat in the bathroom.

It is necessary to prescribe therapeutic gymnastics with flat feet, taking into account its physical preparation, as well as the shape and severity of the disease. At all age groups it is useful to apply physical exercises or playing sports with the purpose of general strengthening of an organism. Useful and special exercises, massage, which can relieve pain. In addition, you can use gymnastic projectiles, they will help to strengthen not only the muscles, but also the arch of the foot, to form its correct depth.

Physical exercises aimed at general strengthening of the body, with children's flat feet should not contribute to fatigue of the musculoskeletal apparatus. With flat feet for the purpose of treatment and prevention, crawling, cross-country skiing, and sports games using the ball are used. Classes of any kind of sport with flat feet are carried out under the supervision of the attending physician and with the obligatory increase in the load.

Parents should always remember that flatfoot progression is inevitable in the event that nothing is done. The flat feet of a child develops slowly, so it is not at all necessary that the child complains of pain in the feet. Help prevent the problem of periodic examinations of the doctor, especially in the field of feet. If a violation is detected, immediate action must be taken.

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LFK at flatfoot - MEDLAB

Disappointing statistics indicate that in almost half of the people, by the age of fifty, the flat foot develops, and most often it concerns women. There are several reasons for the appearance of flat feet: they are congenital weakness of muscles and ligaments, and obesity, and trauma, and diseases of the joints and vessels of the legs, in addition, flat feet can be caused by the constant wearing of tight shoes or shoes on too high a heel. Symptom of the beginning of flatfoot is swelling, pain in the legs, appearing at the end of the day, shoes that used to be just on the foot become tight. Flat feet are not uncommon in children.

Curing the flat foot is very difficult, the main method of treatment is exercise therapy( LFK).With flatfoot there are not only abnormalities of foot functions, the pathological changes that occur also affect the shin, thigh, and spine. Therefore, the exercise complex for exercise therapy should include exercises not only for the foot, but also for the muscles of the abdomen, back, front surface of the thigh, gluteal and calf muscles.

Methods of treatment

The basis for the treatment of flatfoot is the physical stress on the entire body. In addition, special gymnastics and massage are needed, which strengthens the musculoskeletal system of the foot. At the beginning of flatfoot treatment with the help of exercise therapy it is desirable to use only two initial positions: sitting and lying, since in this case the load on the foot is minimal. Therapeutic exercise with flat feet is based on supination of the feet with their simultaneous bending. If the exercises are carried out from the initial standing position, then the toes of the feet should be together, and the heels on the contrary are diverged to the sides. LFK includes various exercises with special adaptations, with lifting on socks, walking.

Effect of exercise therapy with flatfoot

Physiotherapy is prescribed to all patients in any form of flatfoot. The main tasks of treatment in this case are strengthening the whole body, increasing endurance and strength of the leg muscles, increasing the body's resistance and performance. In addition, with the help of exercise therapy with flatfoot it is possible to reduce the deformation of the foot, the formation of a correct posture, getting rid of the supination contracture of the fore foot and of the penetrated position of the heel. Also, exercise therapy is aimed at normalizing the motor sphere, strengthening the muscles and ligaments of the foot and shin, and developing the correct position of the feet when walking.

Exercise of the

At the beginning of the exercises for the treatment of flatfoot , exercises that are performed standing are not recommended, since there is a large load on the feet. Important during treatment is the determination of the correct position of the foot and fixing it. For this, special exercises have been developed for training flexors and tibial muscles, when exercising them, the load on the feet and resistance should gradually increase. Strengthening the posterior and anterior tibial muscles results in a decrease or elimination of the flattening of the inner arch.

In the treatment of platypodia, a significant improvement is achieved when performing exercises that involve contact with small objects( gripping them with toes, shifting), and to achieve a positive result it is necessary to perform exercises for rolling a stick, squeezing a rubber object, etc.,useful and cycling, the pedals of which are made in the form of a cone-shaped roller. In addition, it is desirable that the exercise complex exercise included walking on a rope or a log, walking barefoot on pebbles or sand. After achieving the desired result, it is necessary to fix it. For this, walking is used. You need to walk alternately on the heels, on the toes, on the outer edge of the foot.

In order for exercise therapy to produce tangible results, it is necessary to practice regularly and preferably in the morning, because at that time the muscles have not yet managed to get tired. But one should not expect a quick effect, the treatment may take several months, and perhaps a couple of years.

An example of exercises for the treatment of flat feet can be the following:

  1. lie down, stretch your arms along the trunk, and legs spread apart to the width of the foot, bend and unbend your toes;
  2. the starting position, too, as in the previous exercise. Rotate your feet towards the center;
  3. lying, clasp your feet with a ball, weighing one and a half kilograms, raise and lower your legs, trying not to miss it;
  4. the starting position: lying on the stomach, hands along the trunk with the palms down, legs together, slowly raise the right leg and at the same time lift the body, then go back to the starting position and repeat everything with the left foot. When performing the exercise on the rise, you need to inhale, and on returning to the starting position - breathe out. The exercise is repeated five to six times;
  5. sit on a chair and cross your feet, put your hands on your knees. The outer sides of the feet turn downward, while making effort, the inner sides at this time rise upwards;
  6. sit on a chair and spread the feet slightly. The right hand is clenched into a fist and is between tightly closed knees. Raise the inner sides of the feet, while trying to press the outer sides as much as possible to the floor;
  7. sit on the floor and stretch your legs, placing your feet parallel to each other. Fingers and front parts of the feet pull to yourself and turn them outward smooth motion of the shin;
  8. sit on a chair and pull out the legs, fix the front parts of the feet with a harness, the ends of which take up arms, then, overcoming the resistance, pull the tourniquet upon yourself;
  9. stand up, spread your legs to the width of your shoulders, arms stretched along the body. Rise to the socks and return to the starting position;
  10. the starting position is the same as in the previous exercise. Lean on the outside of your feet, unclench and squeeze your fingers.

Each exercise is performed ten to twelve times. All exercises are performed slowly, without sudden movements.{seolinks disallow linkID = '240'}

Comments

-1 # 1Hope15.10.2014 17: 38The son of a flat foot was found half a year ago, the orthopedist immediately prescribed a massage and LFK, showed what exercises should be performed. And of course we wear special shoes, improvements there are notable

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