Flat feet in children
After carefully examining the foot of a small child, it is easy to see that it is almost flat. But this does not mean that the baby has a flat foot. Just stop before the end is not formed. In the process of growth, when the child begins to walk, it will change, gradually to 3-4 years of taking the desired form. The arches of the foot, not visible at an early age due to a layer of subcutaneous fat, will also form later. Flattening in children is detected only by an orthopedic physician. What are the causes of the disease and how to treat it properly?
Causes of the appearance of flatfoot
There are very few cases of congenital flatfoot, about 3%.The disease is mainly acquired in the process of life if the following rules are not observed:
- Children should walk barefoot more often than in shoes. The formation of the arch of the foot is better in natural conditions.
- Do not overweight.
- If children do not move much during the day, due to insufficient loading of the foot, they develop incorrectly.
- Shoes for the child need to be selected with a small heel and soft instep. The back is preferable to hard.
- Do not allow children to wear other preterm footwear, it does not correctly distribute the load on the feet.
- A child should get vitamin D and calcium in plenty.
- The foot should be constantly trained on foot barefoot walks. Feet let them run along the grass, along the relief soil. This is the guarantee of leg health!
In childhood, the bones, muscles and ligaments of the feet are not yet strong. It is very important to create conditions for their proper development in order to maintain health.
Types of flatfoot in children
Flattening in its origin is divided into congenital and acquired. Types of acquired flatfoot:
- Paralytic. It is formed due to the transferred poliomyelitis against the background of muscle paralysis. The stronger the paralysis, the more pronounced the flat feet.
- Ricky. It occurs as a result of rickets. The child who has suffered rickets, incorrectly formed bones, including the bones of the foot. They are weakened and under pressure of body weight are deformed. Promotes the bending of the bones of a weak muscle-ligament apparatus.
- Traumatic. Develops as a result of fractures of feet and ankles.
- Statistical. They suffer the greatest number of people. It arises because of weak muscles and ligaments of feet and legs. It is characteristic for people with overweight, who prefer shoes with too high heels or uncomfortable shoes, spending a lot of time on their legs, with a hereditary predisposition to the disease.
The foot has two arches:
- Longitudinal - from heel to metatarsal bones.
- Cross - under the toes.
Depending on the damage of one or another vault, the flatfoot is longitudinal and transverse. It is not excluded and the combined version.
Longitudinal flat feet are more common in children with overweight. The bones of the child are still soft, and under the weight of the body spread out.
For transverse flatfoot, the anterior part of the foot is characterized, the fingers are turned "fan", take the form of hammers, the thumb is deflected outwards. Characteristic of the appearance of the stone.
To understand what are the features of the development of flatfoot and how to choose the right footwear for the child, see the "Doctor Komarovsky School" program.
Symptoms of platypodia
Parents themselves can identify some signs of flat feet in their children.
- Sometimes we notice that the child is clubbing, that is, the toes of his foot are turned outward. It happens when the muscles of the foot are relaxed and do not support its correct position. This flat foot is called valgus.
- There is an occasion to think about flat feet, when walking a child comes to the inner edge of the foot.
If you notice such symptoms in your children, you must visit an orthopedic doctor to determine the exact diagnosis.
A child under 1 year of age must be shown to the doctor at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. The next visit will be when he starts walking. At the age of more than 1 year, children should visit the orthopedic doctor once a year.
Flattened 1st degree
This is a mild degree of the disease. Visually it can not be determined, the shape of the foot does not change. The patient very much gets tired after physical exertion, as there is not sufficient amortization of the musculoskeletal system. The patient changes his gait and by the evening his legs swell. If you press on the foot, there is a lot of pain.
First of all, you need to remove the pain, then strengthen the muscles and ligaments. For this, orthopedic shoes or insoles are used. Daily curative gymnastics is well combined with a massage of the back and feet. A positive effect is provided by swimming and physiotherapy( magnetotherapy, electrostimulation, pearl and air-water foot baths).
Carefully select children's shoes: necessarily the presence of a low heel, flexible sole, shoes should not strongly compress the foot.
Flattening of 2nd degree
The stop of the foot decreases. It flattened, poorly performs the spring function, the legs hurt constantly and very hard to the knee. The patient is difficult to move. The gait becomes heavy, the clubfoot is noticeable.
Flatness of 3rd degree
The foot is so deformed that it is noticeable even to a specialist. The feet are constantly aching, swelling, people can not walk in the usual shoes. Because of the violation of the foot functions, the spine and head begin to ache. The posture can change, there are such diseases as osteochondrosis and a hernia of the spine, scoliosis, arthrosis of the joints.
The transverse platypodia( also congenital and acquired) has three degrees of development:
- The first degree - the big toe deviates by about 20 degrees outwards and hurts, the legs become very tired when loaded, the skin reddens on 2-4 fingers.
- The second degree - the big toe deviates already by 20-40 degrees, with loads on the foot there is a strong pain and burning sensation covers the entire foot. Characteristic of the appearance of corns.
- The third degree is the last one, it is more pronounced than others. The big toe deviates by 35-40 degrees, the front part of the foot is completely flattened, the foot is unbearably sore even with small loads. A large number of corns give unbearable pain. The shape of the legs changes, bursitis starts - inflammation of the periarticular bag.
The cause of transverse flatfoot can serve as a narrow, compressive foot shoes and high heels.
How to treat
Flat-footedness is treated with two main methods - surgical and conservative.
If a child is born with a flatfoot, the correction of the shape of the foot is made with specially adapted langings or plaster bandages.
In case of acquired flatfoot, which is finally revealed at the age of 5 years, doctors advise using orthopedic insoles. They not only allow the leg to feel comfortable in the shoes, but also contribute to the proper formation of the foot.
With a disease of 1 degree, foot and shin massage is effective. Exercise therapy and physiotherapy with flat feet in children help to strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot, and also remove the pain.
Only by procedures in a hospital setting, therapy should not be limited. For the treatment of flat feet in children at home, the doctor develops a set of exercises that must be performed at home regularly, every day.
With flat feet, you should always walk barefoot on the sand, grass, small stones. After bathing, it is recommended to rub the feet well with a towel to improve blood circulation. Widely used methods such as manual therapy, the use of mats from flat feet( as in the photo below).
Drugs in childhood are not used due to a large number of side effects. Surgical methods of treatment are also not used.
Treatment is important to carry out in a timely manner and finish up to 13-14 years. The older the child, the more difficult it is to fight the disease.
Massage with flat feet
Only regular application of foot massage will give the desired result( at least 12 sessions).The procedure lasts usually about 10 minutes. Begins a massage from the waist, because from there comes the innervation of the legs. Then the calf muscle is massaged, then the Achilles tendon, the outer side of the shin, the back of the foot, the sole, again the calf muscle and the sole. The hands of the massage therapist usually move from the fingers to the heel and from the ankle joint to the knee.
At massage of a foot various adaptations can be applied: massage balls, rollers and massage rugs. These products do not treat better than human hands, but their impact is exerted.
Massage is contraindicated for people suffering from skin diseases and diseases of the vascular system. For young children, the entire surface of the foot is massaged.
It is almost impossible to get rid of flat feet in children without special physical exercises. This is an integral and indispensable part of the treatment. Individual exercises are used in physical education classes in educational institutions. In the complex there is nothing difficult, every mom can perform exercises at home with the child. The main thing is to do them every day, and, if possible, 2 times a day, repeating each exercise up to 15 times.
- Walk along with the baby on toes, on the heels, on the outer and inner sides of the foot, on a flat floor and on a relief massage mat.
- Put the child on a chair, legs together. Ask him to pull his toes up.
- Then let it bend and unbutton your toes.
- Ask the baby to bend his fingers and simultaneously turn the feet inwards.
- Turn the legs to each other so that the fingers meet, and then turn the other way.
- We scatter small toys to the right of the chair and ask the child to grab them with their toes and shift to the left side. Then vice versa.
- Under the feet of the child a sheet, let her fingers try to crush her.
- We stroke the right leg with the left, rise from the fingers up to the knee. Then stroke the left foot with the right foot.
- We perform the exercise with the ball. Let the child rolls the ball clockwise with each foot in turn. Then ask him to grab the ball with his feet and maximally raise it, lower it back to the floor.
- Place a pipe in front of the chair, ask the child to roll it with its legs back and forth.
Schematically the exercises are shown in the photo below.
Gymnastics with flat feet in children greatly strengthens the muscles and ligaments of the legs, they better support the arch of the foot. Improves blood circulation in the legs and accelerates the lymph drainage. Also, physical education promotes the best development of intraarticular fluid, which improves the mobility of joints, makes movements free, removes inflammation and pain in the joints.
Much more interesting for the child exercises will take place in nature, where he can roll different stones, sticks. Praise him more often, and the usual occupation will turn into an exciting pastime.
Insoles from flat feet
Orthopedic insoles are used not for the prevention of flatfoot, but only for the treatment of illness. In addition, the patient is recommended to choose comfortable shoes.
All models of orthopedic insoles are made on the same principle - where the inner arch of the foot is located, the instep is modeled. The heel deepens, the overflow zone is made higher, in the zone of the transverse arch there is a metatarsal pillow.
If necessary, "wedges" are placed under the insole to give the correct foot position at various deviations from the norm.
Orthopedic insoles are sold in a pharmacy or a specialized store, but they do not take into account the individual characteristics of the foot of a particular person. Therefore, it is better to produce them individually to order.
In order to prevent flat feet in the future, the children have a lot of trouble and troubles, it is important to prevent the disease from an early childhood.
- Pay more attention to the baby's shoes. It should fit tightly and fix the ankle joint, have a hard back and a small heel about 0.5 cm. Do not buy children shoes on flat soles and without backs.
- After bathing, pour the legs of children alternately with cool and warm water, then rub well with a towel.
- If a child at home walks barefoot, try to shoe it for at least 10-15 minutes per hour.
- Play with children in games in which you need to act with your feet - grab and rearrange small items, pick up toys from the floor.
Acquired platypodia indicates that the parents did not pay proper attention to the child and allowed the occurrence of the disease. In adulthood, it is much more difficult to cure, even surgical intervention is not always effective. It is easier to prevent pathology than cure.
For more information on the causes, prevention and treatment of pediatric flatfoot, see the video below.
If you know of any other methods of getting rid of flat feet in children, tell about it in the comments. Your advice will be useful to other parents.Like the article? Tell your friends:
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Exercises for flat feet in children - LCT and gymnastics at different ages + video
From the first days of
After the birth, parents should constantly strengthen not only the ligaments and muscles of the foot, but also the lower leg. It is useful to start the first steps with walking on sand, pebbles or earth.
One of the best ways to overcome flatfoot is to walk barefoot on the grass
Gymnastics can be done by the child and the parents themselves, the position of the child at the same time - on the back or stomach. All the fingers need to be kneaded, especially the first one, it is with the greatest support. Attention will require a stop, the emphasis is on its inner edge, as well as the shin and its front surface. You can apply all exercises of gymnastics, which help to strengthen the arch of the foot.
These exercises are:
- turning the foot into the inside;
- bending to the rear;
- sliding movements of one foot, along the shin of the other leg;
- attempt to collect small objects with your fingers;
- sliding and spreading of toes;
- rolling with the feet of a small ball;
- squatting on a stick located under the feet;
Effective exercise - rolling the ball with the foot
A good combination gives gymnastics and warm, as well as contrasting( when cool water alternates with a warm) foot bath. Gymnastics begin after the bath.
Therapeutic physical training
Accepting exercise therapy can also shape the game, which will be very interesting for the child, especially the early age. To walk it is useful on a rolling pin or to pick up subjects, using only legs, to climb on a Swedish wall.
When a child begins to walk, which occurs after about one year, the course of curative gymnastics is gradually expanding.
In this period it is useful to walk on your toes and heels, it is important for parents to find such a form of play that the child will happily perform everything. It is useful to walk using only the outer or inner edge of the foot, you can roll any object with a foot or use a roller massager.
For the treatment of flatfoot you can use special massagers
Up to 5 years old the child is not recommended to wear felt boots, as well as soft slippers, sandals in which there are open heels. It is important to constantly monitor and suppress the desire of girls to wear high heels, as well as shoes with a narrow toe.
It is useful, while the foot is not strengthened, swimming, only it is necessary to put emphasis on the work of the feet.
Children who reached school age should be engaged in exercise therapy under the supervision of an experienced doctor. At this stage, along with exercise therapy it is useful to massage the muscles of the shins and feet. And also use physiotherapy procedures, such as electrical stimulation of the anterior and posterior groups of the calf muscles.
In case of correct and competent combination of all of the above, the result will not take long. But if the child is worried about constant fatigue or pain, then the use of instep support is required. These special insoles help keep the feet in a stationary state, which allows the muscles to relax.
The supporter will help to form the right outline of the foot
Children in preschool age, unlike the older group, use the instep arresters or orthopedic shoes as treatment or prevention is not recommended. The reason lies in the fact that the foot undergoes formation and its fixation contributes to the fact that the muscles of the shins and feet are weakened, and the condition in the meantime deteriorates.
A child's exercise is performed twice a day throughout the day. Optimal to spend them for an hour and a half before going to bed or an hour after the child ate. The duration of the whole complex should not exceed fifteen minutes. If the exercises are carried out at home, then it is important to conduct them regularly and gradually, constantly increasing the load, because the ultimate goal is to strengthen the muscles not only the legs, but also the feet.
To conduct exercises you need barefoot, and to monitor the correctness of their implementation should the parents themselves and, if possible, a doctor or instructor LFK.It is also important to constantly monitor that the exercises do not cause fatigue or pain.
Complex for preschool age
Each set of exercises for preschool children is individual, and before you do it, you need to consult a doctor, maybe he has an opinion on this.
- You can start everything by bending and unbending the legs in the sitting position. Perform the exercise alternately from 5 to 10 times each foot.
- Next, you turn the stops in different directions several times, you have to do everything in the sitting position.
- After they start the exercise "Swing", which is performed on the socks, and after the child descends on the heels, the frequency of execution is up to 10 times.
- Walking is useful on socks or heels, and then stand on your fingers and in this position perform several sit-ups.
- It is useful to lift various small objects from the floor, for example, pencils or pens, balls, small toys.
- After you can grab a pencil, using your toes, and draw them something on a piece of paper.
- Several times you need to move and spread your toes.
- Finish everything by walking on the outside or inside of the foot.
A set of exercises useful for flatfoot
You do not need to do everything at once, you can start with five or six tasks, and after increasing their number. It is important to keep everything in order in order to ensure that the child does everything with pleasure.
For school age
If the starting position on the chair, then produce everything in an amount from 1 to 8 times, and if standing, then from 9 to 18.
- Begin with the breeding and information of the heels, but the socks should not come off the floor.
- After you need to grab a ball in the foot and raise it above the floor.
- Perform the maximum extension and bending of the feet, and then try to grab and lift from the floor various small objects, for example, pebbles or pencils.
- Slide forward and back with your fingers.
- Press the rubber ball with your feet, pick up the mat from the fabric with your toes or roll the rolling pin with your feet.
- Rolling from heel to toe and backwards is performed.
- Doing sit-ups and half-squats on the toes, and hands in the meantime are bred to the sides, up or forward.
- It is useful to walk on various subjects, for example, on a gymnastic stick, a beam with an inclined surface, a ribbed board, a foam mattress, in place using a massage mat.
Exercises for children with platypodia
To prevent the development of flat feet in a child, you can simply buy and lay a massage mat in the bathroom. During the reception of hygienic procedures at least twice a day, the child stands barefoot on the rug and stands on toes, rolling from the heel to the toe, becomes on the outer edge of the sole. And it will be excellent gymnastics for feet.
A win-win option is a massage mat in the bathroom.
It is necessary to prescribe therapeutic gymnastics with flat feet, taking into account its physical preparation, as well as the shape and severity of the disease. At all age groups it is useful to apply physical exercises or playing sports with the purpose of general strengthening of an organism. Useful and special exercises, massage, which can relieve pain. In addition, you can use gymnastic projectiles, they will help to strengthen not only the muscles, but also the arch of the foot, to form its correct depth.
Physical exercises aimed at general strengthening of the body, with children's flat feet should not contribute to fatigue of the musculoskeletal system. With flat feet for the purpose of treatment and prevention, crawl, cross-country skiing, and sports games using the ball are used. Classes of any kind of sport with flat feet are carried out under the supervision of the attending physician and with the obligatory increase in the load.
Parents should always remember that flatfoot progression is inevitable in the event that nothing is done. The flat feet of a child develops slowly, so it is not at all necessary that the child complains of pain in the feet. Help prevent the problem of periodic examinations of the doctor, especially in the field of feet. If a violation is detected, immediate action must be taken.
Flattening in the child: causes, consequences, methods of treatment. Massage and gymnastics with flatfoot
Flattening in the child is a very common disease of the musculoskeletal system. In fact - this deformation of the foot of the child with the flattening of its arch. Usually deformed in the children longitudinal arch of the foot, because of this the sole becomes flat and begins its entire surface to touch the floor. The consequences of flat feet of children can be very bad for their health and development of the body.
• HOW TO IDENTIFY PLANSKY STOP IN THE CHILD?
It is possible to determine exactly whether there is a flatfoot in a child, it is possible only when he is five or six years old. Why is it so, because it is desirable to fight with flat feet in children from the smallest age, the earlier, the better? Firstly, up to a certain age in children, the bone apparatus of the foot is not strengthened, in part it is a cartilaginous structure, the muscles and ligaments of the foot are weak, easily subject to stretching, therefore it is impossible to determine the flat feet of the child. Secondly, the soles of the small child seem flat, as the recess of the arch is filled with a soft fat pad, and masks the bone base of the foot.
In case of normal development of the musculoskeletal system, the arch of the foot acquires the necessary shape for correct functioning by the age of 5-6 years. But in some cases, there is a deviation in development, and flat feet appear.
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- How to determine the flat feet of a child, or make sure that everything is going well, if the baby is not yet five years old?
To define a flatfoot in a child, you can do the following: lubricate the baby's feet with watercolor paints or conventional sunflower oil and place it neatly on a sheet of white paper that absorbs oil well. Distract the attention of the baby for a minute and a half so that he stands still. Then remove the child from the paper and carefully look at the footprints obtained.
If the traces are printed in the form of a "bean" - you can not worry, it's quite normal. In healthy children, this is how it should be: the arches of the children's feet are slightly raised, while moving and walking they carry a spring function.
In case the entire footprint is imprinted entirely - you have something to worry about, there is a predisposition of the child to flat feet, pay attention to it until it's too late. And if your child is 6 years old you often hear that he is tired with long walking, complains of frequent pain in his legs, then you just need to consult an orthopedic doctor.
If the ratio of the narrowest part of the track to the widest is considered, the arch of the foot is considered normal when it is 1: 4, flattened, at a ratio of 2: 4, and flat at 3: 4.
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• CAUSES OF PLANE-STOP, FACTORS AFFECTING ITS DEVELOPMENT
Factors influencing the development of flatfoot are:
- 1. heredity( when someone in the family had or has this disease, you need to be especially careful: the baby should be regularly taken to the orthopedic doctor for examination and take preventive measures),
- 2. wearing "wrong" shoes( completely withoutheel on flat soles, too wide or narrow shoes),
- 3. excessive load on the feet( for example, with increased body weight or frequent weight lifting),
- 4. excessive hypermobility( flexibility) of the joints,
- 5. paralysis of the calf muscles andfeet( poliomyelitis or cerebral palsy),
- 6. rickets,
- 7. trauma to the feet.
The existing causes of flatfoot often lead to serious health complications.
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• WHAT IS DANGEROUS FLOATING?CONSEQUENCES OF FLATSHIP OF CHILDREN
Sometimes, parents are completely unaware of the seriousness of the disease, because at first it is not noticeable at all and does not seem to have a significant negative impact on the baby at first glance. It would seem that this is just such a feature, how dangerous is the flatfoot? However, this error can lead to serious consequences of flat feet of children and lead to a sad development of events.
The presence of flat feet disrupts the "spring" functions of the foot, the depreciation practically disappears altogether, and all the "recoil"( shake) when walking is on the shin and hip joints, which can lead to arthrosis. That is why the flat feet of a child must necessarily be prevented, if possible, and treated without fail.
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• TREATMENT OF FLAT SCHOOL IN CHILDREN
To combat flat feet in children, apply gentle methods of therapy. Physiotherapeutic treatment of flat feet in children, manual therapy, physiotherapy, special massage and gymnastics with flat feet in a child are preferred. Medication is prescribed in extreme cases, as an anesthetic and drugs to treat the effects of flat feet children. In therapy, in addition to many side effects and an inability to remove the cause of the disease, it can only aggravate it.
- Shoes with flatfoot
To a child suffering from flat feet, the orthopedist always appoints special footwear for wearing: suitable for size, made of natural materials, necessarily with a hard back and clear fixation on the leg, and, of course, with a small heel. Individual insoles are selected for the insoles, taking into account the specific shape of the baby's foot.
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• TREATMENT OF FLAT SCHOOL IN CHILDREN: MASSAGE AND MANUAL THERAPY
The first methods to combat flatfoot in children are soft tissue massage techniques and manual therapy. Use special techniques that are aimed at strengthening the muscles that tighten the arch of the foot, and improve its blood supply. Massage with flat feet of the child should also have a mild effect on the ligamentous apparatus and joints, and correct the foot and ankle of the child resulting from the deformity.
In view of the fact that the flat feet of a child has a negative effect on the bones, joints of the legs and lower parts of the spine, it is advisable in the process of treating flat feet in children to pay attention to the condition of the spine and the musculoskeletal system. Massage and gymnastics with flat feet in a child must use these systems of the body.
Often the disease provokes the development of scoliosis( curvature of the spine).In case of detection of other pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, the physician should prescribe a therapeutic massage with flat feet of the child, special gymnastics and exercises with flat feet in the child, and in some cases a course of manual therapy is necessary. The techniques of manual therapy will help the physician to work directly on the suffering spine from the absence of depreciation, relieve tension in it and eliminate the asymmetry of the sacrum, which sometimes arises with flat feet and can become the root cause of curvature of the spine.
• How to do a massage with flat feet of a child?
With flat feet, the massage is carried out on the legs of the baby directly, as well as on the buttocks 1 time every 1.5 months, and in combination with additional measures of violation of the child's posture - once every 3-4 months, focusing on the back, waist and abdomen.
Massage with flat feet of a child should be carried out as follows:
- Foot massage
To begin with, rub palm or palm to rub the plantar part, from the heel to the fingers. We knead fingers and the whole foot with the thumb. Then with the thumb pad "draw" the figure 7 on the foot, from the base of the thumb to the base of the little finger and then along the outside of the foot in the direction of the heel.
Then rub the interdigital intervals of the foot on its back surface and circular movements of the condyles( in the lower part of the tibia the bony protuberances).
Next, you need to make a turn of the foot: we fix the leg with one hand for the condyles, grasping it from behind, and the second hand move smoothly along the inner side of the foot, starting from the heel to the fingers. In the process, we unfold the foot outward and slightly raise the zone of the thumb of the baby's legs upward.
- Shin massage
Now you can carry out a shin massage. With palms, stroke, rub and knead both sides of the shin, focusing on its inner surface, pinching and flicking with fingertips. Massage the lower leg from the ankle in the direction of the knee joint.
- Massage of thighs and buttocks
Massage of hips and buttocks do without special accents: stroke, rub and knead the muscles of the thigh along the bone, and massage the buttocks in any direction. The only supplement is the mandatory inclusion of vibration elements( pinch, flick with the edge of the palm, shake).
- Back massage
The back massage with flat feet of the child is practically no different from the massaging of other parts of the body, the nuance here is a more thorough and long grinding of the muscles of the back and waist, kneading( especially the sacral "triangle") and the use of vibratory techniques( percussion techniques in the fieldbacks should be done without affecting the kidney area of the child).
An important element for treating flat feet in children is gymnastics exercises.
Parents should understand that flat feet is an ailment which, in the absence of adequate therapy, a full-fledged treatment of flat feet in children with massage, gymnastics, and other methods, leads to serious complications of health and considerable deformation of the foot bones, and in addition to diseases of the musculoskeletalapparatus. Modern and timely therapy, treatment of flat feet in children at home, prevention of the disease, restore the health of the child and confidence in their own attractiveness.
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• TREATMENT OF FLAT SCHOOL IN CHILDREN: EXERCISES
The treatment of flat feet exercises involves the muscles of the legs, as strengthening them, we do not allow it to develop. Actually exercises and massages at kids in very small age, are able to prevent the manifestation of flat feet in the future.
From an early age, it is necessary to identify and carry out the prevention of this disease. For preventive purposes, use many different means:
- 1. Strengthening the whole body in general, including through proper nutrition of the child,
- 2. Motor activity, physical exercise,
- 3. Adequate stay in the fresh air,
- 4. Special exercises forflat feet in the child.
• How to perform exercises with flat feet in a child?
The most important is the correct selection of the child's shoes. She should sit on the leg clearly. She should have a small heel( 5-8 mm), well, of course, an elastic insole inside, and a strong, hard back.
However, the exercises will be more useful if they are performed barefoot, and if possible, several times daily. One lesson can be done in the morning, immediately after lifting and carrying out the morning procedures, the next - after lunch.
In addition, there are recommendations, every day before going to bed, to keep 3-5 minutes of foot in water at room temperature. The main thing is do not overcool and do not chill the baby, but it's better to accustom gradually to such procedures, first just pour your feet with room water, and then day after day, build up a little time.
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• Playing exercises with flat feet in a child
Of course, try not to miss the summer: on good days, let the child run barefoot on the ground, water, sand, sharp pebbles. Excellent preventive benefit will be from walking barefoot legs on a special therapeutic mat with pebbles.
For the purpose of prevention, you can teach your child various games containing elements of correction, and presented in an interesting form. This approach will help the child to have a good posture. In particular, you can use the following games.
- "Who is more skilled?"
With the baby, who has grown up to 1.5-2 years old, you can start the game exercises, such as, for example, "who carries a pillow on his head longer".The pillow should be selected approximately 10x10 cm in size, and sew in it peas, lentils or any other cereals. Wearing a pillow on your head can help fix your posture or support the correctness of its formation at any age.
- Spots with a vise
Kids run to the sides. The one who leads them runs, trying to stain someone. But you can not stain someone who can and will have time to sit down on your toes, straightening your back, bending your arms in your elbows, squeezing your fingers, and pointing upwards. Very useful position.
- Sideways with a sipping
Babies run up, as usual. But now from the guide you can "save yourself" by standing on your toes and raising your arms, as if stretching. The one who is stained is a new one.
• Therapeutic exercises: flat feet in a child
Exercise No. 1. Walking on socks. Correct posture is required: hands on the belt, head straight, slightly bend.
Exercise # 2. Walking on the outside of the foot: press inside your fingers, put your feet while walking parallel to each other.
Exercise # 3. Walking on any ribbed surface( "washing" board, for example).Stamping on the ribbed board is very useful. Place the board at a slope of 30 degrees on some support.
Exercise # 4. Walking on the spot without taking off socks from the floor. At the same time you need to try to raise the heels higher.
Exercise # 5. Walking on a stick sideways, or just over a thick cord.
Exercise No. 6. Rolls from the toe to the heel, while it is better to stand on a stick or cord, but it is possible and simple on any hard surface.
Exercise # 7. Walking with rolls made from the heel to the toe. Keep the body straight, do not lower your head. It is very important to make a recovery with a heel.
Exercise No. 8. Riding a stick forward and backward with stops. The stick should be about 3 cm in diameter. The exercise should be carried out sitting, but with an emphasis on the legs.
Exercise No. 9. Raise the body to the toe with full-foot drop. In this case, the feet stand so that the big toes together, and the heels apart.
Exercise No. 10. Squats with feet on toes. You can hold on to the support for balance.
Exercise No. 11. Very good gymnastics with flat feet in a child in a sitting position. You need to sit on the floor, make emphasis with your hands behind, and then grab your toes with some small objects( sticks, cord, balls), and shift them left and right. Then you can grab items larger than the inner arches stop - pin, ball, pull them to yourself, pass next to the seated.
Third trimester of pregnancy: 7 months of pregnancy, 8 months of pregnancy, 9 months of pregnancy.
It is recommended that the child after the sleep knead the feet before standing up: sitting, unbend and bend the toes of the feet, raise the legs,stop, massage the lifting of one leg of the other.
Will help to strengthen the arches of feet, climbing bare feet on the gymnastic ladder, the rope. Walking on a board, a log, a rocking bridge not only develops the arch of the foot, but also has a good effect on preventing flat feet and clubfoot development in children.
Climbing barefoot on a gymnastic or rope ladder will help to strengthen the ligaments and muscles of the feet, ankle joints, toes, and develop in the child agility, courage, determination. Above all, do not overestimate the capabilities of your baby, take into account his individual abilities. And then he will be healthy and happy!
Flatness in children: causes, treatment, flat feet in children
Statistically, more than 65 percent of children going to the first call have a flat feet, their number increases by the time our kids kick out of school in adulthooda life. And the saddest thing is that parents often do not realize the seriousness of this disease and therefore do not hurry to treat it. Let's talk about how insidiously this seemingly "harmless" disease.
Than flat feet in children are dangerous and what are the reasons for its development.
Flat-footedness can be compared with the loss of spring functions in a car. The machine with defective springs will be ruthlessly shaken, and passengers will feel even the slightest unevenness on the road. It is clear that a car without springs will not last long and will soon fall apart on the run. In humans, this damping function is performed by the foot and supporting muscles. As many as four layers of deep muscles create the necessary angle of the arch of the foot, which provides the cushioning, so necessary for the harmonious work of the spine and the musculoskeletal system.
If we talk about acquired flatfoot, and not congenital, it is the weak and underdeveloped muscles that provoke its development - the foot begins to settle and gradually becomes flat. First of all, the joints of the legs and spine begin to suffer, which are forced to perform a function that is not peculiar to them - to protect the body from shaking when walking. In general, flat feet causes not only such diseases of the musculoskeletal system as arthritis and arthrosis, but also osteoporosis, scoliosis, chronic headaches, varicose veins and circulatory disorders.
Therefore, it is important to seek help from doctors as early as possible, because by the time the body begins to signal about its distress with pain, the spine, knee and hip joints will suffer.
There is an opinion that preschool children in principle can not have flat feet. .. Is this so?
that opinion has no right to life, because it is at the age of one and a half to three years that the pediatric foot is partially composed of cartilaginous tissue, and the muscles and ligaments are still very weak.
In such conditions, the foot often deforms under the weight of the child and the angle of the arch of the foot disappears. It is believed that the flat feet arising in these conditions do not need treatment, since physiologically correct development of the vault is normal by 5-6 years, but practice shows that the "happy end" does not always happen. Often, to this age, refuting their own beliefs, doctors are forced to diagnose a child's static flat feet.
On what grounds should parents understand that a child needs orthopedic consultation? For the diagnosis of "flat feet" it is better to go to an orthopedic doctor. But such factors as excess weight, regular complaints of the child for pain in the legs, walking the child at the inner edge of the foot, which is easy to see on the shoes worn, should be the reason for visiting an orthopedic doctor.
Treatment of flat feet in children
As we have already explained, the development of this disease is inextricably linked with the physically undeveloped muscular apparatus. Weak muscles are unable to support the foot in a physiologically correct position. Therefore, the basis for the treatment of flatfoot is the correct, adequate and locally directed physical load that LPC or kinesitherapy can give. Only these two directions are able to fully cope with the flat feet: they both train and strengthen the muscular corset and instill the correct stereotype of walking.
However, regardless of the chosen technique, the performance of individually selected, depending on the age, condition, shape, position of the foot of a particular patient of the exercises should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist. We can not forget that flat feet can be cured only at the earliest age - from 3 to 5 years( depending on the type of flat feet).In a more mature age, you can only slow down the development of this ailment. That is why it is so important from childhood to instill a love for the child in an active way of life.
Are there any exercises that can protect a healthy child from flatfoot and minimize the negative side of the disease to those who have it? Of course! There are some simple exercises that give an answer to your question. Live brightly! Live in motion!
Plane exercises in children
"Who is more skilled?" Stand upright, feet shoulder width apart, place your hands on your waist. On the head put a book or other convenient flat object. Walk a few meters, trying not to drop the book.
Walking on socks Stand up straight, put your hands on your waist, keep your head straight. Raise your toes and, trying to maintain balance, go a few steps forward.
Walking on the outside of the foot Starting position: standing, legs slightly apart, squeeze inwards fingers, slightly bend the feet outward. Take several steps in this position, trying to put the feet parallel to each other.
Grab the objects. Starting position: sitting on the floor. Hands to take back and make an emphasis with your hands behind your back, legs bend at the knees. On the floor in front of the child's feet, put a few items, such as pencils, pens, cords, etc. The child should in this position grab the small objects with his toes and shift them to the left and to the right.
Causes of flatfoot in children
It should be remembered that congenital flat feet in children today is extremely rare. The development of this deviation can be affected by environmental factors, as well as many other features, among which special attention deserves to wear uncomfortable or tight shoes.
The child's leg must be formed correctly and in a natural position, so parents are advised to purchase shoes of the appropriate size with a tight and even hard back.Make sure that your child's heel does not exceed 5 millimeters of heel, so that no extra load on the foot is created.
The specialists compiled the main list of factors that can cause the development of the disease:
- Heredity( if parents had the same problems in their childhood, children up to 8-10 years are required to show the orthopedist once every six months to prevent the rapid development of the disease)
- Selection andwearing a tight, uncomfortable, too large shoe
- Serious load on the foot surface( especially often manifested in toddlers with a lot of weight)
- Polio or developing cerebral palsy
- Traumas of feet of different nature
- Rickets or diseases of the musculoskeletal system
Existing problems should be solved in the shortest time if you want to save your child from suffering and pain.
And in the future for the treatment of flat feet in children may need more radical measures.
Symptoms and diagnosis of flatfoot in children
How to determine the child's flat feet? Symptoms of the onset of the disease are almost identical in all children. Congenital ailment is manifested in the fact that one foot touches the floor surface almost completely. The constant stress on the foot and heel only aggravates the situation.
If you look at children 5-8 years, then the development of flat feet can be determined by the occurrence of pain during walking or after a long standing on the spot.
In addition, we advise you to pay attention to the condition of shoes: if the protector is worn on the inside of the sole, it means that it has a flat foot.
Among the symptoms stand out stupid and aching pain in the foot area, to which many children complain. And next morning after sleep, swelling of the legs may appear, which is the first "bell" and the need for an urgent visit to the doctor.
Among the main symptoms of developing flat feet in children are the following:
- Cramps in the calf part of the foot
- Constant aching pain in the feet
- When kneeling can not keep the balance
- The leg is no longer fit in ordinary shoes
- The walk changes cardinally
- There is a violation of posture
- thumbon the leg gets the wrong shape and develops the lateral "bone"
If any of these symptoms occur in your baby, then surely he will visitGet a doctor to get specialized treatment and competent advice how to get rid of a problem that in adulthood can bring a lot of inconvenience.With regard to the diagnosis of flat feet in the child, the doctors conduct a thorough examination of the heel and foot. If the foot has corns, scrapes of the skin, and also cyanotic areas, then this indicates the presence of the disease.
If the doctor has doubts about the diagnosis, the small patient is treated with - the foot contour is completely printed on paper using a special paint.
During the procedure, he should stand evenly, with a straight back, so that both limbs are under the same load.
In more neglected situations is conducted - the physician measures all significant indicators of foot, on the basis of which it is possible to compose longitudinal and transverse indices and compare them with ideal parameters.
It is established that even the slightest deviations from such indicators may indicate that the ailment begins to develop.
The development of modern technologies allowed to carry out a procedure known as electromyography .
Ultimately, the doctor has a complete picture of the state of the muscular system, as it has a direct impact on the development of the disease.
Well, the most common method for determining the presence of flat feet in children is radiography .
Pictures give the doctor a general idea of how badly the foot is damaged and at what stage the disease is. Looking ahead, we note that men often require foot shots from the polyclinic when it comes to service in the Armed Forces.
What is the danger of flat feet in children?
The danger of flatfoot lies in the sad consequences that any child can face. For example, the damping of the foot is seriously disturbed, increasing the tension of the joints and muscles of the shins.Incorrect load distribution leads to additional effects on the spine. And already he, in turn, can lead to more serious problems with the body.
Children with flat feet can not stand long hiking, quickly get tired, and also have a depressed state, because they can not have fun like other children.
The worst thing is that it is at an early age by the age of 14-15 that can lead to disruption of posture and spine diseases.
Massage and chiropractic therapy for flat feet in children
How to cure flat feet in a child? Manual therapy and massage are effective tools for treating children's flat feet. The technique of foot massage differs somewhat from the usual back massage, as certain muscle groups are affected.
This allows not only to improve blood flow in the legs, but also to tighten the muscles of the arch of the foot, which are responsible for shaping the contour.
Next, you can see a video that shows how to do exercises and massage with flat feet in children. How to communicate with them, so that it is not boring.
Massage with flat feet - a fairly long process, which is carried out for one and a half months. Masseurs affect not only the foot and caviar muscles, but also the buttocks of the baby in order to reduce tension in the lower parts of the body.
In addition, often doctors recommend that you perform massage sessions and to improve posture, which is disturbed by flatfoot.
- Foot massage is the first stage of the procedure. The masseur with the edge of the palm starts smoothly rubbing the surface of the foot to relieve tension from her. With your fingertips, the whole foot is rubbed from the heel to the fingers. Special attention is paid to the interdigital space and the heel. Every masseur can have his own technique, so ask advice from his friends and relatives who already had to treat this illness with their children.
- Shin massage is the second stage of the procedure. The masseur smoothly switches from kneading and heeling to the shin area. Muscles require careful massaging, special attention is paid to the inside. All hand movements should be directed upwards( into the knee joint area).
- Massage of thighs and gluteal region. Massage of the gluteal and femoral area should be gentle and gentle, so as not to cause pain. Be sure to use vibration reception with your fists to strengthen the effectiveness of the procedure.
Massage and manual therapy are ways to create real miracles. One month after the procedure begins, you will be able to notice positive changes with your child. When can a newborn be given a massage? This is a purely individual question and your pediatrician will tell you the answer to it.
And in some cases during this time and does manage to get rid of the ailment that prevented your child from enjoying communication with friends and active games.
LFK and exercises with flat feet in children
Therapeutic physical training is aimed at activating the development of leg muscles. Correctly selected exercises and their timely implementation in almost 95% of cases allow you to completely get rid of flat feet. Do not forget that exercises should be performed in comfortable and light shoes.
How correctly to treat flat feet in children? Doctors and do recommend doing all the medical exercises barefoot. All exercises of physiotherapy exercises can be built in the form of a game that will please every kid.
The main task is that you can by any means be interested in your baby, make him constantly perform the necessary set of exercises that he needs so much to get rid of the disease.
Let's consider some of the most effective exercises of exercise therapy:
- Walking on socks. During this exercise, you should ensure that he has the correct posture, and his hands are constantly on the belt. Execute the exercise should not more than 40-50 seconds.
- Walking on the outside of the foot. This exercise may seem painful, but this feeling will disappear after 3-4 lessons.
- Walking on a roller or a special gymnastic stick. You can walk on them sideways to exclude the occurrence of cramps.
There are more than 25 different exercises with the use of additional accessories that allow the child to get rid of the disease.What should I do if the neck crunches when I turn my head? And other signs of cervical osteochondrosis, as well as their treatment.
To learn how to do a speech therapy massage with a toothbrush to correct a speech defect in children, you can go to: http: //vsetelo.com/detskij/ dt-bolezni / defekt-rechi / logopedicheskij-massazh-zubnoj-shhetkoj.html
What is pressotherapy? Features of this type of massage in this article.
Plane prophylaxis in children
For preventive purposes, the child should be allowed to walk barefoot around the house for a while. Until he starts walking alone, do not buy him different shoes, which has a negative effect on the development of the foot.
All physical exertion for children under 10 years of age should be clearly standardized, and even better, if an experienced teacher engages in upbringing. Foot massage and constant exercises to activate the leg muscles are important requirements.
Gymnastics with flat feet in children is very useful. Daily exercise will have a powerful positive effect. The main thing to do it regularly. We also recommend to purchase a flat-foot mat for children. It is not expensive, but its benefits are confirmed by many pediatricians.Also ensure that all shoes are matched to the size of the foot.
Thus, today there are all possibilities to save your crumbs from flat feet.
The main thing, put maximum effort into it, instill in him a love for physical exercises, and also do not forget to consult a doctor periodically.
You need to deal with such ailments as soon as possible. So, for example, to eliminate a speech defect, doctors recommend performing a speech therapy massage of the tongue. If this problem is left unaddressed, then, like the flat feet, it will pour into the problem of all life.